1 OECD REVIEW OF THE ITALIAN STRATEGY FOR DIGITAL SCHOOLS Francesco Avvisati, Sara Hennessy, Robert B. Kozma, Stéphan Vincent-Lancrin
2 italian schools have low ICT penetration
3 Italy lags behind most OECD countries for school ICT equipment (and usage) Source: European Schoolnet (2013), Survey of Schools: ICT in Education.
4 Percentage of students by school intensity of digital equipment (Grade 4), 2012 Type 1: high equipment, fast broadband, high connectedness; Type 2: medium equipment, slow or no broadband, some connectedness Source: European Schoolnet (2013), Survey of Schools: ICT in Education.
5 Percentage of students by school intensity of digital equipment (Grade 8) Type 1: high equipment, fast broadband, high connectedness; Type 2: medium equipment, slow or no broadband, some connectedness Source: European Schoolnet (2013), Survey of Schools: ICT in Education.
6 Italy s national plan for digital schools: strengths and limitations
7 Piano Nazionale Scuola Digitale ( ) 3 objectives: Introduce ICT as part of the daily tools of classroom activities Experiment new models of school organisation and of teaching Support the development of new products (resource and devices) 4 programmes: Piano LIM, 2.0, 2.0, Editoria digitale scolastica Related initiatives Development of national and school information systems Phasing out of paper-only textbooks (e-textbook law) Smart cities
8 Strengths Means are aligned with the goal of increasing the use of ICT in schools (LIM as main focus) The contagion strategy creates teacher demand rather than resistance (voluntary process) An efficient procurement procedure (Consip) The strategy builds capacity for wider change (phased approach, experiments)
9 Limitations Budget: EUR 30 million per year 5 euros per student 0.1% of the MIUR budget for schooling Too slow pace of equipment (5 to 16% of classrooms equipped with IWB) Too few schools concerned by 2.0 (416) and 2.0 (14+15) Not enough professional development Not enough digital resources
10 The slow pace of the Piano LIM: it would take 15 years to reach the current UK level Source: Futuresource consulting (2012)
11 our recommendations
12 Three main objectives 1. Speed up the uptake of ICT in Italian schools and classrooms 1. Refocus the innovation projects on 2.0 to create an Innovation Laboratory Network of test bed schools 2. Align other system elements (curriculum and assessment, etc.) Create the conditions for peer learning, system learning, and pedagogic transformation
13 speed up the uptake of ICT
14 Recommendations to speed up the uptake of ICT in Italian classrooms Increase the budget of the Piano LIM More public and private funds Allocate funds through matched funding schemes Open the plan to other, sometimes cheaper technologies (e.g. PC, visualiser and projector) Develop digital learning resources Continue to mobilise entrepreneurs and publishers Mobilise open educational resources (OER) Translate existing quality OER in Italian Develop a central bank of OER (and more) for teachers Encourage teachers to develop and share digital teaching resources (awards)
15 Recommendations to speed up the uptake of ICT in Italian classrooms Invest in the professional development of teachers and school principals Give schools the possibility to choose between the current mandatory formal training and a flexible school-wide entitlement for training (staff release time, school mentoring, whole-school training, etc.) Develop the capacity of INDIRE blended model Set operational targets, milestones for programme completion, and metrics for success.
16 Innovation Laboratory Network of test bed schools
17 Why an Innovation Lab Network is needed Equipment by itself does not change pedagogic practices or school practices Need to pilot and experiment different uses of technology for pedagogic purpose Need to experiment new organisational practices for the better use of ICT Need to identify what works and what does not work
18 Recommendations to foster innovation in school organisation and teaching Discontinue the 2.0 initiative Too small, not enough professional learning, too expensive for contagion Concentrate resources on the 2.0 initiative Test-bed schools to research, develop, and pilot solutions for all remaining schools Include professional development provisions Pay more attention to organisational practices Strengthen the competitive design of the programme Mainstream matched funding and partnerships Redesign the plan around local school networks (distretti 2.0)?
19 Recommendations to foster innovation in school organisation and teaching Create the conditions for system learning Encourage action research and partnerships with researchers within the network Have a rich information system open to researchers and allowing comparisons with other schools Convene meetings of test bed schools Support research on teaching and learning with ICT Fund research grants, doctoral scholarships and postdoctoral positions
20 design supportive policy environment
21 Design a supportive policy environment Build an ICT infrastructure and vision Prioritise the provision of adequate bandwidth in all schools as part of cross-government policy Plan the integration of ICT in the classroom with longitudinal information systems and learning management systems Address parental concerns about the safety of the school internet environment and support local initiatives for parental ICT training programmes
22 Design a supportive policy environment Curriculum and assessment Develop support tools for ICT integration in subject curriculum Monitor ICT skills as well as other desired skills Develop teacher-friendly assessment tools Stimulate innovation and knowledge sharing Give awards and organise innovation fairs Support innovative school projects Develop challenge prizes Incentivise businesses and other stakeholders to develop innovative solutions
23 Towards the design of an innovationfriendly ecosystem in education?
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