D2.1 Results of Analysis

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "D2.1 Results of Analysis"

Transcription

1 Grant agreement no: Project acronym: Project title: IEE/08/631/SI BAMBINI Socialisation towards clean and enery efficient Intelligent Energy Europe (IEE) STEER D2.1 Results of Analysis Start date of the action 1. June 2009 Duration: 36 month End date of the action 31. Mai 2012 Version: 1 Prepared by: Don Guikink and Nynke van der Kallen Checked by: Due date 30 June 2010 Verified by: Status: Dissemination level: Final Public Project coordinator Karl Reiter

2

3 Table of Contents 1 Introduction Background Reading Guide Young Parenthood: a Turbulent Time Introduction Time Geography Child Development From Prenatal to Kindergarten Stages of Development Prenatel (< 0) Early Months (0-1) Creche (1 3) Kindergarten (3 5) Legal Issues Age of a child on bike seat Helmet Requirements Cycling on the street with children Travelling with buggies in the bus, tram, metro, train Ticket prices for children Bike trailers and tricycle use Using skates, skate board on the pavement References Appendix 1: Process from Prebirth to Kindergarten Austria Belgium Bulgaria Germany Greece Netherlands Romania Slovenia Appendix 2: Legal Issues regarding Child Mobility Page 3 of 39

4 6.1 Austria Belgium Bulgaria France Germany Greece Italy Netherlands Romania Slovenia Page 4 of 39

5 1 Introduction 1.1 Background Learning young = doing old, is a well-known (Dutch) expression to indicate the importance of (early) childhood. How proud we are when our young child makes his or her first independent steps in the big world, parents carefully keeping the first pair of shoes that indicated the big steps for their small child. Despite our pride towards the small steps that our children take, we currently live currently in the Age of the Car, where it is socially accepted (and demanded) that we as grown adults can use our cars whenever and wherever we want, unaware (or unwilling?) about the impacts on our environment and future generations. Children are more and more ed on backseats of cars, cannot play on the street freely and are regarded as vulnerable road users. If we want to change the mindset of small children when they grow up, we have to start early. The BAMBINI project supports initiatives to stimulate a change in mindset (and - after a while - in behaviour) towards sustainable modes. In the remaining 2 years of the project, the project partners will realise a number of applications and actions that contribute to a positive mindset towards sustainability for future generations. As a starting point, an important step is to analyse existing know-how on child development (related to mobility) in all the countries involved in the BAMBINI project. 1.2 Reading Guide This Deliverable D2.1 draws the framework conditions that play an important role at the start of the project. In Chapter 2, the period of the Young Parenthood is briefly described. Chapter 3 contains a description of the processes that are important from pre birth to early month periods. Chapter 4 described the legal issues that play an important role for a shift towards sustainable modes. Separate documents exist on the collection of best practices (D2.2), analysis of toys and implementation plan for BAMBINI (D2.3) Page 5 of 39

6 2 Young Parenthood: a Turbulent Time 2.1 Introduction The period of life in which young parents raise their children is often regarded as being the most intensive, challenging, exhausting and (mostly when looking back) rewarding period of life. Time more precisely a lack of time is a dominant factor in decision making, also regarding mobility needs and modal choice. As tasks have to be combined in a very short time-frame, in many cases parents choose to use their car for ation means. As is indicated in the table 2.1 below: 40% of the trips of the age group 0-11 is made as car passenger, this percentage drops to 17% when they start to themselves independently in the next cohort; Percentage of car usage for trips by the age groups 2529 and (56%) are among the highest for all age groups concerned, this is the age groups within which the majority of parents have their children; At the same time, bicycle usage drops significantly (52% --> 23% --> 17%/20%) The table below shows the modal split (in terms of trips) per age group. There are many factors influencing modal choice, among which the parent-factors. The message expressed above serves to give an idea of the Age of the Car the was referred to in the first chapter. Table 2.1 Used modes per trip by people from different age categories in the period (derived from Wegman & Aarts, 2006) Pedestrian 29% 18% 20% 19% 18% 17% 18% 25% 34% Bicycle 29% 52% 23% 17% 20% 23% 22% 24% 17% Moped/Motor 0% 3% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 0% 1% Car (driver & passenger) 40% 17% 37% 56% 56% 55% 54% 46% 38% Bus 1% 5% 8% 2% 1% 1% 2% 2% 4% Tram/metro 0% 1% 3% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% Train 0% 2% 6% 3% 2% 2% 1% 1% 1% Other 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 3% Page 6 of 39

7 2.2 Time Geography A well-known theory to support the explanation of choices made by individuals is the Time Geography, by Torsten Hägerstand (1967). Hägerstrand used the theory to demonstrate how human spatial activity is often governed by limitations, and not by independent decisions by spatially or temporally autonomous individuals. He identified three categories of limitations, or "constraints": capability, coupling, and authority. 1. Capability - constraints on the movement of individuals, based on their nature. For example, movement is restricted by biological factors, such as the need for food, drink, and sleep. 2. Coupling - restraints individuals, anchoring them to a location while interacting with other individuals in order to complete a task. 3. Authority - constraints of accessibility to certain places or domains placed on individuals by owners or authorities. Hägerstrand analyses the impact on human behaviour, given the limited availability of time on the one hand and spatial diversification of activities on the other, resulting in so-called time-space prisms. See some examples in graph 2.1 below. Paths describe the movements of individuals, e.g. from home to work. Hägerstrand came up with this concept of a space-time path to illustrate how individual persons navigate their way through the spatial-temporal environment. Time is represented by the vertical axis. The path of a stationary individual will appear as a vertical line between the starting and ending times, and a specific location will trace a vertical "tube" in the same manner. Graph 2.2 Examples of time-space prisms and paths cyclist Car driver Path 1 Path 2 Path 3 meeting time phonecall distance Capability constraints refer to the limitations on human movement due to physical or biological factors. Thus, for example, a person cannot be in two places at one time. A person also cannot travel instantaneously from one location to another, which means that a certain trade off must be made between space and time. Those with access to cars and bullet trains have a spatial-temporal advantage over those who are limited to their feet or bicycles for ation. Page 7 of 39

8 A coupling constraint refers to the need to be in one particular place for a given length of time, often in interaction with other people. This coincidence of space-time paths is described as "bundled" paths in a station's tube. In other words, your space-time path must temporarily link up with those of certain other people to accomplish a particular task. An authority constraint is an area (or "domain") that is controlled by certain people or institutions that set limits on its access to particular individuals or groups. For example, a person's space-time path is normally not permitted to enter restricted areas (e.g. shops after closing time, military basis). Relation to BAMBINI The reasons why parents use cars to bring their children to school, crèche or kindergarten can to a large extend be explained by using their constraints as a starting point. An example of a capability constraint is that in most cases day care centres and schools are in another physical location than offices for work, therefore forcing parents to bring their children to those locations before going to work. This constraint could be reduced by activities aiming at combining locations for day care centres and offices, there are good examples of crèches at office buildings. An alternative measure could be finding a job close to your home environment, reducing the time-space gap and therefore increasing the probability for alternative mode choices. Examples of coupling and authority constraints are that in most cases people have to be at work at e.g o clock, while the school (in most cases around the corner) only starts at To maximise efficiency of time parents drop their children off at day care centres and continue their journey to work. These constraints could be reduced by e.g. allowing more flexibility in working times, or earlier opening of school gates. It is not directly planned in the BAMBINI project to initiate measures that directly influence the time-space sphere. Most actions will be focused on raising awareness with parents and educational staff that alternatives may be very well possible, taken into account the constraints made above. 2.3 Child Development Many studies have been performed to understand the development of children and to find out at what age children are able to perform which tasks. Examples can be found in studies made by Berk (2006), Piaget (1970 s), Welsch (2009) and Johannson (2004) 1. Relating to their mobility, OECD (1998) subdivided children by age which tends to correlate with distance travelled and their range of activity. Younger children walk outside of their neighbourhood only when accompanied by adults. Mostly they begin to walk alone when starting school. Sometimes their parents still cross the main streets with them. Older children, who go to school, travel by foot or by bicycle. The environment they move around is much bigger and more diverse than that used by the younger group. The children s perception about traffic as a total entity and their knowledge about traffic rules is not fully developed until about their tenth year of age. They do not have the ability to cope with complex traffic situations and they easily mix the real world with their imagination. However, even by ten years of age, children s skills and abilities may be insufficient in the context of the potential speed to be attained when cycling. 1 Examples as presented by Prof. M. Johansson at the kick-off meeting of the BAMBINI project in Freiburg in June 2009 Page 8 of 39

9 The child s travel behaviour is influenced by the behaviour of its parents, as shown in the graph 2.3 below. Attitude levels towards motorised are slightly lower if persons were never chauffeured during childhood than if they were. Graph 2.3 Influence of then parent s childhood travel Page 9 of 39

10 3 From Prenatal to Kindergarten 3.1 Stages of Development There exist many subdivisions of age-groups. For the BAMBINI-project, four periods are distinguished: 1. prenatal (< 0) 2. early months (0-1) 3. crèche (1-3) 4. kindergarten (3-5) Each of the periods are described below, with an indication of the processes that young parents go through in each of the countries of the BAMBINI-partners involved. It has been analysed to which extend mobility behaviour is a topic covered by the authorities that play an important role in these processes. Annex 1 contains a detailed overview of the phases of development of the child (or foetus) in each of the countries involved in the BAMBINI project. 3.2 Prenatel (< 0) In all the countries involved, first medical checks regarding pregnancy start at around 2 months after conception. It is then when the (future) parents receive the first proof of the new life. In most cases, medical testing and monitoring is performed by doctors or in hospitals (Greece, Romania, Slovenia, Germany). In some countries, special midwife clinics exist (Netherlands, Bulgaria). Difference between hospital and midwife clinics is that the latter are in most cases located in close vicinity of the homes of the parents and that the consultation process is not only 100% medicalfocused. Some social aspects about becoming a parent are triggered as well, but mobility related issues are hardly reported. Positive exceptions are the Flemish governmental organisation called Kind en Gezin (Child and Family) the Romanian Clinica EVA and the regional hospital Murska Sobota, who organise prenatal courses about expecting a child. In Belgium, mobility and are at least a (minor) topic. During the collection phase of the BAMBINI-project, in some countries a lack of appropriate information on the use of bicycle and public with small children were reported as barriers. Special note: the Netherlands is one of the few countries in Europe where child delivery at home is relatively common. In 2008/2009 around one third of the children were born at home, a number that has been decreasing since the 1950 s (CBS, 2009). The consequence regarding mobility management is that 30% of the Dutch babies have a high chance of being ed in a pram before being taken in a maxi cosy by car. Page 10 of 39

11 3.3 Early Months (0-1) The early-month period can be characterised by a mutual acquaintance between parents and child. In most countries involved, doctors, hospitals and infant welfare centres are the places most often visited for the monitoring of the health and development of the child. Development issues are mainly focused on physical capabilities (hearing, seeing, reflexes). mobility issues are part of the monitoring aspects at the infant welfare institutes. There exist already some examples of activities and/or products related to mobility management and socialisation for the little children and their parents. A full catalogues is available as deliverable D2.2 Collection of Best Practices of the BAMBINI-project. Separately, an analysis has been made on existing (wooden) toys that have a relation with sustainable mobility. This analysis is available as separate annex and serves as input for the Polish partner Bajo for the production of new toys in the BAMBINI-project. Some examples are: In Leuven, a special shop sells slings and organises workshops on how to use them properly. In Belgium, a special website exist to inform parents about the purchase of bicycle trailers (www.fietskarinfo.be) Examples of sustainable mobility toys ad books Page 11 of 39

12 3.4 Creche (1 3) During the crèche-age, visits to the infant welfare centres are becoming less regular and mainly focus on physical and social skills of children. For example in the Netherlands, the sequence of visiting infant welfare centres drops from once every 3 months in the first year to 1 once every two years at the age of 4, mainly to receive vaccinations. evidence was found in any of the participating countries that mobility management plays a role during the consultation periods. Apparently, raising children seems to receive more mdecial focus than a social issue. During the crèche period, there are examples found of actions that take place at crèche locations to stimulate alternative car use by parents and staff. Most of the actions are focused on development of motoric and social skills, like presented in the table below. Table 3.1 Pedagogoc matrix used at a Dutch crèche (part development) Matrix Pedagogic Development at Dutch Crèches (challenge is to offer every week activities in each category in this matrix) Interaction between the pedagogic employee and the child Caring activities Playing activities Physical environment Physical space Materials and activities Social skills (communication and moral development) Employee and child have small conversations during day care activities Children are taught to wait for their turn when playing Children can dress up like prince/princess, or simulate mother/father situations Employees let the children tell, sing, give examples, etc. Offering possibilities for development Cognitive development (speech-language, fantasy, logic) Physical skills (motoric and sensitive) Parts of the body are mentioned during games and/or caring activities Children are encouraged to climb and move independently during the caring activities There exists interaction between the employee and child during reading Children play outside with sand, toys, grass etc. and are encouraged to mention to the other children what they see. There exists a balanced variety of toys In the playground there exists a variety of toys for climbing, cycling, gliding etc. Fantasy is triggered during fancy stories or plays Employees organise games that stimulate physical activity. (Source: KOBER-group pedagogic matrix, Breda 2009) Page 12 of 39

13 The range of specific interventions offered at creches in the BAMBINI partner countries is described in D2.2 Collection of Best Practices. Some examples are: Drawing competitions in Bulagria Parent Clubs to discuss children s development in Romania Bicycle decoration during special celebration days in the Netherlands (Carnival, Queensday) Activities during the European Mobility Week in various countries 3.5 Kindergarten (3 5) Contrary to the pre births and early month stage and creche period there exist a number of examples of actions related to the kindergarten age, when children learn to cycle an behave as traffic participants. Most of the activities found have a traffic safety component inside, such as Jongleren in the Netherlands (www.jongleren.nl), traffic safety games in Belgium or Bimbinbici in Italy. Examples of more social oriented best practices are: First day at school fairy tale in Greece Walkingbus initiatives in Italy and Austria Actionday Zum Fuss zum Kindergarten in Germany Traffic Snake Games in Belgium, the Nehterlands, Austria and various other EU countries that participated in the STEER project CONNECT Mobility Management actions at kindergartens in Austria there is nothing like starting young Page 13 of 39

14 4 Legal Issues The exisiting legal framework conditions play an important role in stimulating the use of altertnative modes of. The following legal issues have been collected: Age of a child on bike seat Helmet requirements Cycling on the street with children Travelling with buggies in the bus, tram, metro, train Ticket prices for children Bike trailer use Tricycle use A children's bike connected to an adults bike Using skates, skate board on the pavement All information gathered is presented in Annex 2 to this report. 4.1 Age of a child on bike seat Generally speaking, children are allowed to be taken on a bicycle until the age of 7/8. Some examples were found about a minimum age, In Belgium id is advised not to take children an a bike until the age of 1, the Netherlands indicate the limit when a child can sit independently (6-12 months). 4.2 Helmet Requirements formal helmet requirements were found in the BAMBINI countries, except Slovenia where a helmet is required until the age of 14. In some countries it is strongly advised to wear helmets, like eg in France, Belgium and Germany. 4.3 Cycling on the street with children There is some variety in when children are allowed to cycle on the road or on the pavement. In France and Germany, children have to ride on the pavement until the age of 8, in Slovenia this agelimit is 6, in Romania 7, in Belgium 9. In Austria children have to be accompanied by adults until the age of 10. All together, we can conclude that the target group of the BAMBINI project should always be accompanied by adults. 4.4 Travelling with buggies in the bus, tram, metro, train In all countries concerned it is allowed to take your buggy in public, free of charge. Some countries have regulations about the number of buggies that can be ed at the same time. There shoulo dbe enough space and buggies shoul d not block the door. Examples have been found, eg in the Netherlands, where a large group of school children (not in buggies) was refused to the bus, because it was not noticed beforehand. 4.5 Ticket prices for children Page 14 of 39

15 Ticket prices for children are usually lower than prices for adults. The range of ages until which can travel free of charge varies from 3 until 7 years old, at later age (until 10-12) children can travel at reduced price (most cases 40-50% reduction). Some combination tickets (eg a family ticket) allows children to travel for free until the age of eg 12 years. 4.6 Bike trailers and tricycle use striking results or requirements, some countries limit the maximum number of passengers in a bike trailer and/or have specific requirements regarding the shape, size and visibility of the trailer. Regarding tricycle use, they are allowed on the footpath under supervision by an adult. 4.7 Using skates, skate board on the pavement In all countries involved, skaters and skeelers are regarded as pedestrians and therefore follow the laws for pedestrians. In Belgium, the status is linked to the speed, if the skeelerer is travelling at bicycle speed,k then the laws of cyclists count. In the Netherlands, you are allowed to skate on a cycle lane, but not on the road, unless a cycle lane or footpath is missing. Germany regards skates and skeelers as toys, so you should play on the footpath and not on the road or cycle lanes. Page 15 of 39

16 5 References Hägerstrand, Torsten (1967). Innovation Diffusion As a Spatial Process, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, Wegmans & Aarts (2006): Advancing Sustainable safety, national road safety outlook , SWOV Leidschendam OECD (1998): Safety of Vulnerable Road Users, Paris 1998 Johansson (2009): Children s development: an overview. Presentation at the kick-off meeting of the BAMBINI project. Freiburg, July CBS (2009): Webmagazine maandag 16 februari :30 Page 16 of 39

17 5. Appendix 1: Process from Prebirth to Kindergarten Austria Pre-birth Phase Organisation Activity Link with sustainable 0-16 weeks Doctor Determination of pregnancy, gynaecological exam + 1 blood test weeks Doctor gynaecological exam, echo + internal exam 25-28week Doctor gynaecological exam + blood test weeks weeks Doctor gynaecological exam + echo Doctor gynaecological exam Early Months Phase Organisation Activity Link with sustainable 1 week Hospital 4-7 weeks 3-5 months 7-9 months Doctor s office Health check and vaccination by doctor or nurse (incl. orthopaedic, ear-nose-throat, eye exams) Yes / months and ultrasound exam of the hips in the weeks 1 and 6-8 Crèches Page 17 of 39

18 Phase Organisation Activity Link with sustainable months months Doctor s office Eye check Health check and vaccination by doctor or nurse Kindergarten Phase Organisation Activity Link with sustainable months Doctor s office Health check and vaccination by doctor or nurse months Doctor s office Health check and vaccination by doctor or nurse Belgium Pre-birth Phase / age Organisation Activity Link with sustainable 6-12 weeks Gynaecologist First prenatal control weeks Gynaecologist Monthly prenatal control weeks Gynaecologist Every two weeks prenatal control +35 weeks Gynaecologist Weekly prenatal control 0-40 weeks Kind & Gezin 2 Prenatal course expecting a child Yes 2 child & family -Flemish governmental agency with responsibility for young children and families in Flanders. Page 18 of 39

19 Early months Phase / age Organisation Activity 1 week Kind & Gezin Visit of a health visitor in hospital Link with sustainable 2 weeks Kind & Gezin Health visitor at home 6 weeks Kind & Gezin Health visitor at home 1 month 2 month Kind & Gezin Consult in regional office Could be: also social welfare etc. 3 month 4 month 6 month Crèches Phase / age Organisation Activity Link with sustainable 9 month 12 month Kind & Gezin Consult in regional office Could be: also social welfare etc. 15 month 24 month 30 month 3 months 2,5 years Private or Kind&Gezin Crèches or baby minders Kindergarten Phase / age Organisation Activity Link with sustainable 2,5 6 years Kindergarten school Voluntary First year of kindergarten CLB 3 Medical examination at school 3 centrum voor leerlingenbegeleiding centre for student council Page 19 of 39

20 Second year of kindergarten CLB Medical examination at CLB Bulgaria Pre-birth Phase Organisation Activity Link with sustainable 0-4 weeks Doctor Pregnant check 10 weeks Doctor and Midwife tests weeks Doctor and Midwife Echo and tests 32 weeks Doctor and Midwife Doctor and Midwife tests Echo and tests Early months Phase Organisation Activity Link with sustainable First 24 hours Doctor paediatrician Health test 1 month 2 months 3 months 4 months Doctor paediatrician or GP (home visits and in consulting room) Health check and vaccination, weight and measure by doctor or nurse 5 months 6 months 7 months 9 months 11 months Page 20 of 39

21 12 months Crèches Phase Organisation Activity Link with sustainable 8 months GP Health check Each 6 months after the 1 st year GP Health check and vaccination by doctor or nurse 8 months - 3 years Crèches Day care Voluntary Kindergarten Phase Organisation Activity 3 year GP Health check and vaccination by doctor or nurse Link with sustainable Each 6 months GP Health check and vaccination by doctor or nurse 3-6 years Kindergarten Socialisation, communication, learning new things; learning how to ride a bike Voluntary Yes Germany Pre-birth Phase / age Organisation Activity Link with sustainable Pregnancy doctor Pregnant check Voluntary 0-1 month week doctor echo Voluntary week doctor echo Voluntary week doctor echo Voluntary Page 21 of 39

22 All 4 weeks doctor Routine check Voluntary Pre-birth course midwife course Voluntary Early months Phase / age Organisation Activity Link with sustainable Directly after the birth doctor First check Voluntary 3-10 days doctor Check und echo of the hip no 4-6 weeks doctor check 3-4 months doctor Check and maybe vaccination 6-7 months doctor Check and maybe vaccination months doctor Check and maybe vaccination Crèches Phase / age Organisation Activity Link with sustainable months doctor Check and maybe vaccination 3 months- Crèches Day care 3 years Kindergarten Phase / age Organisation Activity Link with sustainable 3-6, maybe 7 years kindergarten Day care, preperation for school months after birth months after birth doctor Health Check, vaccination doctor Health check, vaccination 12-6 months before school School doctor/ public health Health and ability check in most states in Page 22 of 39

23 department Germany Greece Pre-birth Phase / age Organisation Activity Link with sustainable 0-4 weeks Hospital Pregnancy check 10 weeks Hospital Medical tests & ultrasound 20 weeks Hospital Medical tests & ultrasound 30 weeks a) Hospital Medical tests & ultrasound b) Public or private hospitals (midwifes) Pre-birth courses Voluntary 40 weeks a) Hospital Medical tests & ultrasound b) Public or private hospitals (midwifes) Pre-birth courses Voluntary Early months Phase / age Organisation Activity Link with sustainable 0 1 month Infant welfare centre or private paediatrician Health check and vaccination by doctor 2 months 3 months 4 months Infant welfare centre or private paediatrician Health check and vaccination by doctor 5 months 6 months Page 23 of 39

24 12 months Infant welfare centre or private paediatrician Health check and vaccination by doctor Crèches Phase / age Organisation Activity / Link with sustainable 15 months Infant welfare centre or private paediatrician Health check and vaccination by doctor 18 months Infant welfare centre or private paediatrician Health check and vaccination by doctor 2 years Infant welfare centre or private paediatrician Health check and vaccination by doctor 3 months Crèches Day care Voluntary 2 years Kindergarten Phase / age Organisation Activity Link with sustainable 2-5 years Infant welfare centre or private paediatrician Health check and vaccination by doctor 2-5 years Kindergarten School Voluntary Netherlands Pre-birth Phase Organisation Activity Link with sustainable 0-4 weeks Doctor Pregnant check Page 24 of 39

25 10 weeks Midwife Echo 20 weeks Midwife Echo Early months Phase Organisation Activity Link with sustainable 1 month 2 months Infant welfare centre Health check and vaccination by doctor or nurse 3 months 4 months 5,5 months 7 months 9 months 11 months Crèches Phase Organisation Activity Link with sustainable 14 months 18 months Infant welfare centre Health check and vaccination by doctor or nurse 2 year 3 year 3 year and 9 months 3 months - 4 years Crèches Day care Voluntary Kindergarten Phase Organisation Activity Link with sustainable Page 25 of 39

26 4 year Infant welfare centre Health check and vaccination by doctor or nurse 4-6 years Kindergarten School Romania Pre-birth Phase / age Organisation Activity Link with sustainable 0-4 weeks Doctor Pregnant check 4-8 weeks Doctor Pregnant check 10 weeks Doctor Echo weeks Doctor Pregnant check 20 weeks Doctor Echo weeks Doctor Pregnant check weeks Doctor Pregnant check weeks Doctor Pregnant check weeks Doctor Pregnant check Early months Phase / age Organisation Activity Link with sustainable 1 month 2 months Infant welfare centre Health check and vaccination by doctor or nurse Voluntary schema 3 months 4 months 5,5 months 7 months Page 26 of 39

27 9 months 11 months 2 months 4 months Infant welfare centre Health check and vaccination by doctor or nurse 6 months 12 months Crèches Phase / age Organisation Activity Link with sustainable 3 months - 3 years Crèches Day care Voluntary Kindergarten Phase / age Organisation Activity Link with sustainable 3-6 years Kindergarten School Slovenia Pre-birth Phase / age Organisation Activity Link with sustainable 0-6 weeks Doctor Pregnant check 8-12 weeks Doctor Pregnant check and Echo 16 weeks Doctor Pregnant check 20 weeks Doctor Pregnant check and Echo Page 27 of 39

28 24 weeks Doctor Pregnant check 28 weeks Doctor Pregnant check 32 weeks Doctor Pregnant check 35 weeks Doctor Pregnant check 36 weeks Doctor Pregnant check 37 weeks Doctor Pregnant check 38 weeks Doctor Pregnant check 39 weeks Doctor Pregnant check 40 weeks Doctor Pregnant check Early months Phase / age Organisation Activity 1 month Paediatrician Health check and vaccination by doctor and nurse 2 month Paediatrician Health check by doctor 3 months Paediatrician Health check and vaccination by doctor and nurse 4 months Paediatrician Health check and vaccination by doctor and nurse 6 months Paediatrician Health check and vaccination by doctor and nurse 9 months Paediatrician Health check by doctor 12 months Paediatrician Health check by doctor Link with sustainable Crèches Page 28 of 39

29 Phase / age Organisation Activity 18 months Paediatrician Health check and vaccination by doctor and nurse Link with sustainable Kindergarten Phase / age Organisation Activity Link with sustainable 3 years Paediatrician Psychologist Health check by doctor Psychological test 5 years Paediatrician Speech terapist Health check and vaccination by doctor Speech test data from Italy and France. Page 29 of 39

30 6 Appendix 2: Legal Issues regarding Child Mobility 6.1 Austria COUNTRY: Austria Laws Guidelines 1 Age of a child on bike seat children up to the age of 8 and the cyclist has to be over 16 years. We have produced guidelines for children in cooperation with the region of Styria. It contains It is only allowed to one child at at time and advice about cycles, trailers, runbikes etc. for the age the seat has to be mounted behind the cyclist. groups of 0-10 years. See:http:/ /www.zweiundmehr.steiermark.at/ cms/be itrag/ / / 2 Helmet requirements no There are lots of recommendations in various guidelines suggesting that it is safer for children to wear a helmet when cycling. 3 Cycling on the street with children Children up to the age of 10 years have to be accompanied by a cyclist (at least 16 years of age) and can cycle alone if they have passed a cycling exam. From 12 years onwards every child is allowed to cycle alone. There are guidelines, exercises and advice for the bike exam available. See: 4 Travelling with buggies in the bus, tram, metro, train It is allowed to take a buggy or pushchair into bus, tram, metro or train. But the number is restricted according to space requirements 5 Ticket prices for children usually half of the regular ticket price. But there are special offers (train and regional buses) that with a certain family card children up to 15 years of age travel for free. 6 Bike trailer use Trailers are allowed, for up to two children, depending on the model. The trailer has to have a flagpole with a fluorescent flag and it needs to have taillights if the width exeeds 60 cm. See: / cms/ beitrag / / / 7 Tricycle use Tricycles are not used very much in Austria. Therefore there are no specific regulations and laws yet. Even though it is not allowed to children in a bike seat in front of the cyclist, tricycles do not fall into this category and there are no laws for or against their use. See: / cms/ beitrag / / / 8 A children's bike connected to It is allowed and there are no specific restrictions an adults bike 9 Using skates, skate board on the pavement is only allowed on the pavement 10 Kids Bikes, runbikes etc. on the pavement Bikes are only allowed on the pavement if the size of their wheel diameter does not exeed 30 cm (12 inches) Page 30 of 39

31 6.2 Belgium COUNTRY: Belgium - Mobiel 21 Laws 1 Age of a child on bike seat laws on age. You can only take as much children as their are seats on/ around your bike. Guidelines Kind en Gezin/ Child and Family advices to only take children in a bike seat when they are 1 year old. 2 Helmet requirements helmet required, never. All concerned actors advice to wear a helmet when biking. 3 Cycling on the street with children Children are allowed to bike on the footpath until they are 9 years old. 4 Travelling with buggies in the bus, tram, metro, train It is, of course, allowed to take a buggy on a bus or a train. But there are no rules or legislations. When crowded, mutual understanding is asked of all passengers. 5 Ticket prices for children * Train: under the age of 6: free / / under the age of 12 free when accompanied by an adult with a ticket. Max. 4 children per adult. * bus: below the age of 6: free / / between 6-12 years free when accompanied by an adult with a season ticket 6 Bike trailer use * the bike trailer must be designed to carry children Guidelines from our side: * max number of children as their are seats and belts * only buy your bike trailer with a bike dealer and not * max 1 meter wide via the internet.. * max 2,5 meter long * max 80 kg weight * 2 red reflectors at the backside * 1 red light at the backside when dark * forbidden to bike next to each other when carrying a bike trailer 7 Tricycle use and children bikes * when driving as slow as a pedestrian, then all rules for pedestrians count for you * when having the same speed as a biker, then the rules for bikers account for you * children below the age of 9 are allowed to bike or to skate on the foothpath, whenever the diameter of their wheels isn't bigger than 50 cm * reflectors are not obligated unless driving when dark * the bike needs to have 1 freign * the bike needs to have a bike bell * it is allowed to bike next to each other in the central part of towns and cities, when you don't obstruct traffic coming from the other side 8 A children's bike connected to Same rules as for all bikers an adults bike 9 Using skates, skate board on the pavement * when driving as slow as a pedestrian, then all rules for pedestrians count for you * when having the same speed as a biker, then the rules for bikers account for you * children below the age of 9 are allowed to bike or to skate on the foothpath, whenever the diameter of their wheels isn't bigger than 50 cm Page 31 of 39

32 6.3 Bulgaria COUNTRY: Bulgaria Laws Guidelines 1 Age of a child on bike seat specification of the age in the ROAD TRAFFIC LAW and in REGULATIONS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ROAD TRAFFIC LAW, but see the note N1 2 Helmet requirements requirements in the ROAD TRAFFIC LAW and in REGULATIONS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ROAD TRAFFIC LAW 3 Cycling on the street with children specification in the ROAD TRAFFIC LAW and in REGULATIONS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ROAD TRAFFIC LAW (treatment like a cyclist - see the note N 2) 4 Travelling with buggies in the bus, tram, regulation metro, train 5 Ticket prices for children (up to 7 age) regulation: a lot of companies offert free for children of age below 7. Ticket prices for children (students and university students) Ticket prices for children (students up to 16 years of age, in a populated area where there is no appropriate school) Regulation: students and university students travel at a discount of 30% (in an urban area) and 20% (out of towns) LAW FOR THE PUBLIC EDUCATION: Art.26(3) Provided to students up to 16 years of age, in a populated area where there is no appropriate school, shall be a free and/or boarding-school education in a central school in the closest populated area on the territory of the municipality or of a neighbour municipality, where by this the time for ation and/or the expenses for this purpose are reduced. 6 Bike trailer use specification in the ROAD TRAFFIC LAW and in the REGULATIONS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ROAD TRAFFIC LAW (treatment like a cyclist - note N 2) 7 Tricycle use specification in the ROAD TRAFFIC LAW and in the REGULATIONS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ROAD TRAFFIC LAW (treatment like a cyclist - note N2), but see the note N1 8 A children's bike connected to an adults bike specification in the ROAD TRAFFIC LAW and in the REGULATIONS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE ROAD TRAFFIC LAW (treatment like a cyclist - see the note N2) 9 Using skates, skate board on the pavement regulation (treatment like a pedestrian), but see the note N1 documents and guidelines for the concrete bike note N 1 LAW FOR PROTECTION OF THE CHILD Art. 8.(3) Parents, guardians, custodians or other persons who are taking care of a child shall be obliged to accompany their children in public places after 8 p.m, if the child has not reached 14 years of age, respectively after 10 p.m. if the child has reached 14, however is under 18 years of age. (8) Parents, guardians, custodians or other persons who are taking care of a child must not leave their children under 12 years of age without supervision and care if in doing so there will be danger for their physical, mental and moral development. note N 2 6 In the context of the Road traffic low: "Road vehicle" is a unit driven on wheels and used for ation of people and/or cargo. Equivalent to the road vehicles are the trams and the self propelled machines when driving on the roads. "Bicycle" is a vehicle on at least two wheels which is set in motion by the muscular force of the person driving it, with exception of wheelchairs. "Composition of vehicles" are mechanically connected vehicles participating in the traffic as an entity. Page 32 of 39

33 "Driver" is a person who drives a vehicle. "Passenger" is a person who is in or on a vehicle but does not participate in its driving. "Participant in the traffic" is every person who is on the road and by his activity or inactivity influences the traffic on the road. Such are the drivers, the passengers, the pedestrians as well as the persons working on the road. Page 33 of 39

34 6.4 France Page 34 of 39

35 COUNTRY: France Laws Guidelines 1 Age of a child on bike seat no limit of age in the National at Road Code but a no specific guidelines at national level requirement on adapted seats with safety belt and footrest. The driver must also take care that the feet of the child do not risk to injured by the mobile and static parts of the cycle. 2 Helmet requirements no requirement for cyclist whatever is the age wearing an helmet for cyclist is recommended by Ministry in charge of road safety for child and adult (see flyer in attachement) 3 Cycling on the street with children Children under 8 are not allowed to ride in the traffic, children under 7 are allowed to cycle on walkside they must ride on pavement (walkside) or or bike facilities (lanes, path ). Inversely Children over 8 must ride on street or bike facilities. 4 Travelling with buggies in the bus, tram, metro, train Regulation of publict provider (RATB) : Buggies are allowed at every time of the day in all kind of PT vehicles. But there are some conditions for bus such as : 1 or 2 opened out buggies max per bus according to the type of bus, entry by the front door except any other agreement by the busdriver, use the wheelchair places. Bikes are forbidden in metro, bus, tramway, funicular; they are allowed on line 1 on sunday and holy days and on RER lines at any time on saturday, sunday and holy day and out of rush hours all the other days. Skating (roller, board...) is also forbidden in all PT facilities and vehicles. 5 Ticket prices for children The ticket price will vary according to the Transport autority over France. In Ile-de-France (Paris Region), the Transport Authority is STIF, which has competences on regional level. There are mainly 2 types of tickets : the Ticket + and Tickets Ile-de- France (for inter-cities or regional trips). In any case, it is free for children under 4 if they do not sit in. For both tickets, children from 4 to 10 get a discount of 50%, which makes 0,85 euros/ ticket + (the price of the other ticket depends on the length trip). It is also for groups of less than 10 youngs under 16. Ticket+ cost normaly 1,70 euros and gives access to metro lines, RER lines (RATP and SNCF) Inner Paris (zone 1), bus lines in Île-de-France (RATP and OPTILE, except Orlybus and Roissybus, tramway lines (RATP and SNCF), funicular of Montmartre, including connexions between all the networks during 1h30 (tram/ metro/ RER/ bus). The cost of ticket Ile de France depend on length trips. 6 Bike trailer use no regulation in the Road Code for bike trailer on quality such as for baby/ child seat. But another regulation allow to have passengers (2 max) on 2- wheels only for tandems, trailer and side-car, or other adapted engines. But the Road Code (article National recommendations from National Consumers Safety Commission which produce a summary of regulations, results of tests on several brands and recommendations for consumers and constructors (http:/ / article664.html). For R431-6) forbid users of motorbike and cycles of more instance, it is recommended to take care of having a than 2 wheels, or cycles with trailer or side-car to ride flag and reflectors on the trailer. side by side on street. (which is allowed until 2 cyclists max without trailer or side-car) 7 Tricycle use tricycle has the same status as cycle. So they are no specific guidelines at national level unforbidden on pavement (walkside) for children over 8. 8 A children's bike connected to it is forbidden by Road Code for a cyclist to be towed no specific guidelines at national level an adults bike by another vehicle 9 Using skates, skate board on the pavement Rollerskate and skateboard users have no specific new guidelines at national level (White Book, Certu, status in the law (law gap in Road Code), so they are august 2001) in order to make evoluate the legal considered as pedestrian (confirmed by an answer of skating status : recognize them as a mode of Ministry in 2004). Thus they have also to respect their obligations and advantages.for instance, the Law Badinter of 1985 consider that pedestrian, cyclist (or other non motorised mode user) who has (such as bike) and allow riders to use cycling lanes. 2 proposals of law for rollers have been proposed bt deputed (1999, 2005) but none has been yet taken by Assembly. There is also a been hurt by a cardriver is de facto a victim (except if recommendation from the National Consumers Safety he/ she commited an unforgivenable fault which is the only cause of accident). As walkers, they are not allowed to travel or be towed on roadway (Road Code) even on cycling lanes, but only on pavement except if they don't have any choice (absence of Commission in nov 2000 : - public authorities : to change the skaters status, to oblige the wearing of protections during collective activities (already available for activities within schools), to develop specific areas for sportive walkside in inter-city road ou country road). There is skating, to inform on norms... - users no restriction on speed but it is quite obvious that : to wear protections (helmet, and for other parts like pace speed is required regarding responsability in knees...) and reflectors - industrial : to improve case of collision with walkers. Moreover a Mayor (or a information, to develop skating training... Prefet, such as in Paris where skateboarding is regarded as dangerous game and is forbidden on pavement) can forbid skating in some places or restrict skating only to dedicate places such skating playground to protect law and order (Law 2007; For Paris Ordonnance 1862). 10 safety vest/ jacket obligation (since oct 2008) for cyclists (riders and passengers, child or adult) to wear a fluorescent safety vest for trips out of city during night or bad weather It is recommended to wear it also in the city by a lot of cyclists associations. Page 35 of 39

36 6.5 Germany COUNTRY: Germany Laws Guidelines 1 Age of a child on bike seat you can take a child on bike seat when it is able to sit (ca. age of 9 months); seats for the back of the bike are for children till 22 kg; seats for the front till 15 kg; children in bike seats till the age of 7; only people, who are 16 or older are allowed to take a child with them by bike; the seats must have a certificate (TÜV- Sign) 2 Helmet requirements no obligation advice: every child with helmet, also children on bike seats 3 Cycling on the street with children till the age of 8 children must, till the age of 10 children can drive on the pavement; children till 8 are not allowed to drive on the cycle track 4 Travelling with buggies in the bus, tram, metro, train no problems; you can take your buggy with you; you don`t have to pay for a buggy 5 Ticket prices for children don`t pay anything before the age of 6 6 Bike trailer use there is no regulation; in opposite to the bike there is no obligation in using the bike track 7 Tricycle use see skates and scooters 8 A children's bike connected to an adults bike no age regulation; sawn from the law like tandems 9 Using skates, skate board on the pavement skates and scooters are toys and not means of locomotion, so you are not allowed to take the bike track; you are not allowed to take the bus, tram ore undergroundtrain with skates on the feet 6.6 Greece data 6.7 Italy data Page 36 of 39

37 6.8 Netherlands Page 37 of 39

38 COUNTRY: the Netherlands gele cellen zijn nieuwe toegevoegde aspecten De tekst die nog in het nederlands vermeld staat versie Laws bron Guidelines Bron 1 Age of a child on bike seat Kinderzitje: kinderen jonger dan 8 jaar moet u op de fiets vervoeren in een kinderzitje. min. V&W Zodra kind zelfstandig rechtop kan zitten (6 â 12 maanden) Koop- en montage-advies: (i.o.m. Stichting - monteer het stoeltje volgens de gebruiksaanwijzing. Consument en Wel doen: Veiligheid) - zet het kind altijd vast met de veiligheidsgordels; - gebruik desgewenst een fietshelm, om ernstig hoofdletsel te voorkomen. Niet doen: - maak in het begin geen lange tochten. Dat wil zeggen: niet langer dan de tijd die het kind los op de grond kan zitten; - zet de fiets niet neer met het kind nog in het stoeltje. 2 Helmet requirements Helm: een fietshelm is niet verplicht. Wel beschermt een fietshelm uw kind tegen ernstig letsel bij een valpartij. Min. V&W Moet een kind een fietshelm op? Ja, wij vinden van wel. Ook al woon je in een rustige wijk en fietst je kind niet langs drukke wegen... op de stoeprand vallen kan overal. Vooral als je kind met je mee het verkeer ingaat, mag je best voor wat extra bescherming zorgen. In het begin fietsen kinderen nog niet zo stabiel. Ze hoeven maar even afgeleid te zijn, om meteen al slingerend de berm in te rijden. En in de auto draag je toch ook gordels? (i.o.m. Stichting Consument en Veiligheid) 3 Cycling on the street N.A. - N.A. 4 Travelling with buggies in the bus, tram, metro, train NS, RET De optimale methode van kindervervoer in de bus 5 Ticket prices for children In the train: a buggy is free of charge. When the buggy is obstructing the corridor or casuse dangerous situations, the railway guard can refuse you to enter the train. In the bus: Kinderwagens mogen naar binnen door de voor- en achterdeur, zoals vermeld op de stickers op deze deuren. Als basisregel geldt dat er maximaal twee uitgeklapte kinderwagens op de daarvoor bestemdeplek (het balkon) in de bus mee mogen. Als zich al twee kinderwagens in de bus bevinden, dan beslist de chauffeur of er eventueel nog meer kinderwagens mee kunnen. Zo ja, dan dient u deze op verzoek van de chauffeur in te klappen. Doet u dit niet, dan informeert de chauffeur u, dat uzelf de verantwoordelijkheid draagt voor het vervoer van de kinderwagen. Reizigers met een rolstoel hebben voorrang boven reizigers met een kinderwagen als die gelijktijdig de bus in willen gaan. Bij twijfel is het altijd de chauffeur die bepaalt hoeveel (uitgeklapte) kinderwagens er in de bus mee mogen. Afhankelijk van de situatie kan het aantal kinderwagens per rit verschillen en bestaat de mogelijkheid dat een kinderwagen geweigerd wordt. In the tram: City/ regional public system: - children untill 3 years old free of costs - children in the age of 4 till 11 years old: reduduced tarif. Train: - children untill 3 years old free of costs; - children in the age of 4 till 11 years old 40% 6 Bike trailer use differences other than the standards law requirements for a bike. 7 Tricycle use differences other than the standards law requirements for a bike. 8 A children's differences other than the standards law bike connected to requirements for a bike. an adults bike 9 Using skates, skate board on the pavement OV9292 Skaters follow the rules of the pedestrains. Veilig Gebruikers van een step of skeelers, maar ook Vekeer rolschaatsers en skateboarders mogen behalve op de Nederland/ stoep ook op het fietspad. Alleen wanneer er geen Min. V&W stoep of fietspad aanwezig is mogen ze op de rijbaan. Gebruikers van step, skeelers, rolschaatsen en skateboard hebben dezelfde status als voetgangers. Per jaar komen 4600 kinderen tot 14 jaar met hoofdletsel terecht bij de EHBO. Zo'n 700 kinderen belanden in het ziekenhuis en 35 komen om het leven door een fiets-ongeluk. Een fietshelm kan de kans op hoofdletsel met 45% tot 80% verlagen. Zelfs een slechte helm is nog beter dan geen helm. Tips voor het passen van een fietshelm Voor het passen van een helm adviseert de ANWB het volgende: -Zet de helm horizontaal op het hoofd. - Stel de bandjes zo af dat de oren helemaal vrij staan. - De riempjes moeten niet te strak zitten: er moet een vinger tussen passen. - Een helm moet goed op het hoofd blijven staan en niet gemakkelijk van links naar rechts of van voren naar achteren geduwd kunnen worden. - De hoofdhuid moet bij het bewegen van de helm meebewegen. - Sommige helmen moet je passend maken door kussentjes aan de binnenkant te plakken. Te veel kussentjes is niet goed. - Brildragers moeten hun bril opzetten bij het passen. - Liever geen paardenstaarten of speldjes in de helm. - Krijgt u de helm niet passend, koop hem dan niet. Doordat er meerdere typen bussen en kinderwagens zijn en in één bus meerdere soorten zit- en staanplaatsen zijn en er kinderen in verschillende leeftijdscategorieën worden vervoerd, is het lastig om een eenduidige uitspraak te doen. Er zijn ons ook geen onderzoeken bekend naar de meest veilige methode voor het vervoeren van kinderen. Consument en Veiligheid raadt het vervoeren van kinderen op schoot af. Bij het abrupt stoppen of een frontale botsing zal de baby beklemd worden door de benen en borst van de ouder of tussen ouder en rugleuning van de bank voor je. Dit zelfde gevaar is aanwezig als het kind in een draagzak of draakdoek wordt gedragen. (i.o.m. Stichting Consument en Veiligheid) Consument en Veiligheid raadt het volgende aan: 0-9 maanden De baby in de kinderwagenbak laten liggen en de kinderwagenbak dwars op de rijrichting plaatsen. De kinderwagenbak kan op het onderstel blijven (onderstel op de rem) of op de grond worden geplaatst maanden De dreumes in het zitje in de kinderwagen laten zitten, met het tuigje vast. De kinderwagen op de rem zetten en dwars op de rijrichting plaatsen. 1½ jaar - 8 jaar Als het kind nog in een kinderwagen zit, is het voor deze kinderen eveneens het veiligst om ze in de kinderwagen te laten zitten met het tuigje om en de kinderwagen dw Men kan er ook voor kiezen om met het kind te gaan zitten als het kind al goed zelfstandig kan lopen en zitten, en als er banken zijn waar het kind zich goed aan de zijka Het is belangrijk om de kinderwagen dwars op de rijrichting te zetten. Bij bussen zonder aparte bagageruimte, zal dat niet mogelijk zijn. Bussen zouden standaard uitge Conclusie Er is geen onderzoek bekend naar de veiligste methode van vervoeren in openbaar vervoer bussen. Het aantal en de ernst van de ongevallen bij kinderen 0 tot 4 jaar is la There are many pilots in the Netherlands with reduction-programmes for public, e.g. specials tarifs for seniors or children between years old, free, etc. De meningen over de minimumleeftijd voor gebruik van de fietskar, lopen uiteen. Wij kunnen alleen maar zeggen: maak je eigen afweging en doe wat jou verstandig lijkt. Belangrijk is dat je nderen.info baby in een goed stoeltje kan liggen: een maxi-cosi (of ander autostoeltje) of babyschelp. Age recommendation: 2 years. Aanhangfietsen zijn geschikt voor kinderen van 4 jaar (soms 3 jaar) tot negen jaar. Kinderen van vijf en zes jaar passen op alle modellen. Maar bij de andere leeftijden is het ook afhankelijk van het model aanhangfiets. Om veilig te kunnen skateboarden in het verkeer is er door de ANWB, in samenwerking met politie, justitie, ministeries, verkeersveiligheid- en consumentenorganisaties, een gedragscode ontwikkeld. Deze code, genaamd SLAB (Slim Legaal Alert en Beleefd), bevat alles wat je moet weten wanneer je als skateboarder deelneemt aan het verkeer. De belangrijkste punten met betrekking tot de veiligheid staan hieronder genoemd. Fietsersbond - Houd je aan de verkeersregels. - Draag in het verkeer altijd een helm. - Zorg dat je goed zichtbaar en herkenbaar bent in het verkeer, ook in het donker! - Draag geen mp3-speler of discman, zodat je andere weggebruikers goed kunt horen. - Stem je snelheid af op de kwaliteit van de bestrating van de weg en minder snelheid bij de overgang van de ene naar de andere bestrating (bijvoorbeeld bij de overgang van asfalt naar - klinkerbestrating) en bij onregelmatigheden in het wegdek (bijv. een verkeersheuvel). - Vermijd of wees alert bij losliggende stoeptegels, tramrails, plaatsen waar zand, olie, of water ligt en bij opgeplakte belijning. Let extra op dit soort zaken bij wegwerkzaamheden. - Begin je net met skaten? Oefen dan op daarvoor geschikte plekken, en dus niet in het drukke verkeer. - Indien voetpad, trottoirs, (brom-) fietspad en fietsstrook ontbreken dan mag je als skater de rijbaan gebruiken. Houd ook hier rechts en vermijd drukke wegen. - Laat je nooit voortslepen door gemotoriseerde voertuigen. - Zorg dat je een wettelijke aansprakelijkheidsverzekering hebt die schade bij anderen dekt. ANWB Bike seat on front Bike seat on the back Baby on bike European norm EN14344 European norm EN14345 European norm EN14346 voor kinderen tot 15 kilo Koop- en montage-adviezen: - zorg dat de rem- en versnellingskabels niet afgeklemd worden; - gebruik een windscherm. (i.o.m. Stichting Consument en Veiligheid) voor kinderen van 15 tot 25 kilo Koop-montageadviezen: (i.o.m. Stichting - zorg voor goede spaak-afschermers; Consument en - voetensteunen moeten voorzien zijn van spaak-afscherming (voetenkuipje); Veiligheid) - monteer zadelveer-beschermers (zodat er geen kindervingers tussen de zadelveren gestoken kunnen worden); - zorg dat het kind het ringslot niet kan dichttrappen; - zorg voor een hoge rugleuning (voor steun en bescherming). Algemeen advies: vanaf het moment dat een kind zelfstandig kan zitten (ca. 6-9 maanden) is fietsvervoer in een (i.o.m. Stichting fietszitje mogelijk. Tot die tijd kan een baby in een half liggende houding worden vervoerd. Consument en Hiervoor zijn diverse systemen op de markt, zoals een baby-autostoeltje op een speciaal frame Veiligheid) op de bagagedrager, of een baby-autostoeltje of baby-schelp in een fietskar of bakfiets. Praktische tips: - zorg voor een goede bevestiging; - gebruik een tuigje of een gordel om de baby vast te maken; - zorg voor goede ondersteuning van hoofd en rug; - gebruik een stevige en stabiele fiets; - fiets rustig en houd contact. Page 38 of 39

Department of Transport. Cycling Rules

Department of Transport. Cycling Rules Department of Transport Cycling Rules 2 Contents Definition of a bicycle Standard requirements Power-assisted pedal cycles Carrying or towing loads The rider, passenger and helmets Rules affecting cycling

More information

SAFE CYCLING GUIDE. 7th Edition

SAFE CYCLING GUIDE. 7th Edition SAFE CYCLING GUIDE 7th Edition BEFORE SETTING OUT A Check tire pressure B Check that the chain does not slip C Check the brakes D Check lights and reflectors: 1 A WELL-MAINTAINED BICYCLE is key 3 4 5 Adjust

More information

The State Government recognises. areas, and regulates bicycle

The State Government recognises. areas, and regulates bicycle cycling & THE LAW rules introduction for roads The State Government recognises The cycling South Australian as a legitimate Road Traffic form of Act including transport the Australian and an increasingly

More information

~ We are all goddesses, the only problem is that we forget that when we grow up ~

~ We are all goddesses, the only problem is that we forget that when we grow up ~ ~ We are all goddesses, the only problem is that we forget that when we grow up ~ This brochure is Deze brochure is in in English and Dutch het Engels en Nederlands Come and re-discover your divine self

More information

What can Kind en Gezin (Child and Family) do for you and your family?

What can Kind en Gezin (Child and Family) do for you and your family? What can Kind en Gezin (Child and Family) do for you and your family? Discover our broad range of free services Engelse vertaling van Kennismakingsfolder ouders You are pregnant Je bent zwanger This is

More information

Teachers Manual How to organise the Traffic Snake Game in your school

Teachers Manual How to organise the Traffic Snake Game in your school Teachers Manual How to organise the Traffic Snake Game in your school Content 1. INTRODUCTION 3 1.1 What is the Traffic Snake Game? 3 1.2 Why the Traffic Snake Game? 3 1.3 Timing 3 2. CAMPAIGN SET 4 3.

More information

Inclusive Education : An international perspective

Inclusive Education : An international perspective Inclusive Education : An international perspective Dr Cor Meijer, director www.european-agency.org Member countries of the Agency Presently, the Agency has 27 full member countries: Austria, Belgium (French),

More information

SAFE CYCLING GUIDE. 6th Edition

SAFE CYCLING GUIDE. 6th Edition SAFE CYCLING GUIDE 6th Edition BEFORE SETTING OUT A WELL-MAINTAINED BICYCLE is key A Check tire pressure B Check that the chain does not slip C Check the brakes D Check lights and reflectors: 3 4 1 5 2

More information

Children and road safety: a guide for parents

Children and road safety: a guide for parents Child Safety Week Report Children and road safety: a guide for parents What are the facts? The number of children aged up to 19 years who are killed or seriously injured each year on Britain's roads has

More information

Back to School Car Safety. Direct Buy Warranty Staff September 19, 2014

Back to School Car Safety. Direct Buy Warranty Staff September 19, 2014 Back to School Car Safety Direct Buy Warranty Staff September 19, 2014 It s back to school season, and that means kids are picking out new clothes, putting on their backpacks, and hitting the road to get

More information

Thematic File Road Safety 5 Distraction in Traffic

Thematic File Road Safety 5 Distraction in Traffic Summary Thematic File Road Safety 5 Distraction in Traffic Summary Thematic File Road Safety 5 - Distraction in Traffic Thematic File Road Safety 5 Distraction in Traffic (2015) D/2015/0779/51 Author:

More information

GMP-Z Annex 15: Kwalificatie en validatie

GMP-Z Annex 15: Kwalificatie en validatie -Z Annex 15: Kwalificatie en validatie item Gewijzigd richtsnoer -Z Toelichting Principle 1. This Annex describes the principles of qualification and validation which are applicable to the manufacture

More information

MAYORGAME (BURGEMEESTERGAME)

MAYORGAME (BURGEMEESTERGAME) GATE Pilot Safety MAYORGAME (BURGEMEESTERGAME) Twan Boerenkamp Who is it about? Local council Beleidsteam = GBT or Regional Beleidsteam = RBT Mayor = Chairman Advisors now = Voorlichting? Official context

More information

A Bicyclist s Guide to Traffic Law in Tucson and Pima County. Traffic Laws, Fines and Phone Numbers

A Bicyclist s Guide to Traffic Law in Tucson and Pima County. Traffic Laws, Fines and Phone Numbers A Bicyclist s Guide to Traffic Law in Tucson and Pima County Traffic Laws, Fines and Phone Numbers This booklet contains a listing of relevant Arizona State, Pima County and City of Tucson laws as of January,

More information

Asking what. a person looks like some persons look like

Asking what. a person looks like some persons look like 1 Asking what people are wearing: What are you wearing? = Wat heb jij aan? I m / I am wearing jeans (or a dress or ) = Ik heb jeans aan. What is he / she wearing? = Wat heeft hij / zij aan? He / she s

More information

IP-NBM. Copyright Capgemini 2012. All Rights Reserved

IP-NBM. Copyright Capgemini 2012. All Rights Reserved IP-NBM 1 De bescheidenheid van een schaker 2 Maar wat betekent dat nu 3 De drie elementen richting onsterfelijkheid Genomics Artifical Intelligence (nano)robotics 4 De impact van automatisering en robotisering

More information

THE EMOTIONAL VALUE OF PAID FOR MAGAZINES. Intomart GfK 2013 Emotionele Waarde Betaald vs. Gratis Tijdschrift April 2013 1

THE EMOTIONAL VALUE OF PAID FOR MAGAZINES. Intomart GfK 2013 Emotionele Waarde Betaald vs. Gratis Tijdschrift April 2013 1 THE EMOTIONAL VALUE OF PAID FOR MAGAZINES Intomart GfK 2013 Emotionele Waarde Betaald vs. Gratis Tijdschrift April 2013 1 CONTENT 1. CONCLUSIONS 2. RESULTS Reading behaviour Appreciation Engagement Advertising

More information

Cycling more for safer cycling

Cycling more for safer cycling Cycling more for safer cycling Cycling presents a lot of benefits to the individual and to society. Health, environment, accessibility, local businesses, all gain when more people cycle. Yet many governments

More information

Verticale tuin maken van een pallet

Verticale tuin maken van een pallet Daar krijg je dan je groendakmaterialen geleverd op een pallet. Waar moet je naar toe met zo'n pallet. Retour brengen? Gebruiken in de open haard? Maar je kunt creatiever zijn met pallets. Zo kun je er

More information

Policy Document Road safety

Policy Document Road safety Policy Document Road safety Type hier de hoofdstuk as one titel Road safety: working together The number of road deaths in the Netherlands has been steadily decreasing since the 1970s. This number rose

More information

SPI s: alternative for (lack of) accident data?

SPI s: alternative for (lack of) accident data? SPI s: alternative for (lack of) accident data? Use of safety performance indicators in policy making Eric de Kievit senior advisor Traffic & Transport Research e.de.kievit@amsterdam.nl Friday, 06 November

More information

Accident configurations and injuries for bicyclists based on the German In-Depth Accident Study. Chiara Orsi

Accident configurations and injuries for bicyclists based on the German In-Depth Accident Study. Chiara Orsi Accident configurations and injuries for bicyclists based on the German In-Depth Accident Study Chiara Orsi Centre of Study and Research on Road Safety University of Pavia State of the art Vulnerable road

More information

New Hampshire State Laws Pertaining To Bicycles. CHAPTER 230 STATE HIGHWAYS Planning and Laying Out Bicycle Routes

New Hampshire State Laws Pertaining To Bicycles. CHAPTER 230 STATE HIGHWAYS Planning and Laying Out Bicycle Routes New Hampshire State Laws Pertaining To Bicycles Current as of April 21, 2009; most but not all laws mentioning bicycles are included below. For current laws, see http://www.gencourt.state.nh.us/rsa/. Compiled

More information

Bicycle riding is a great way to get into shape

Bicycle riding is a great way to get into shape Bicycle riding is a great way to get into shape and have fun. To remain safe on Illinois roads, it is important to follow the same traffic safety laws that govern vehicle drivers. No amount of bicycle

More information

CO-BRANDING RICHTLIJNEN

CO-BRANDING RICHTLIJNEN A minimum margin surrounding the logo keeps CO-BRANDING RICHTLIJNEN 22 Last mei revised, 2013 30 April 2013 The preferred version of the co-branding logo is white on a Magenta background. Depending on

More information

Relationele Databases 2002/2003

Relationele Databases 2002/2003 1 Relationele Databases 2002/2003 Hoorcollege 5 22 mei 2003 Jaap Kamps & Maarten de Rijke April Juli 2003 Plan voor Vandaag Praktische dingen 3.8, 3.9, 3.10, 4.1, 4.4 en 4.5 SQL Aantekeningen 3 Meer Queries.

More information

Child Cycling Injury Prevention

Child Cycling Injury Prevention Child Cycling Injury Prevention Simone Randle Injury Prevention Advisor SimoneR@adhb.govt.nz Cycling fatalities, 2003-07 All child cyclist deaths: 12 deaths: 11 boys, 1 girl 7 deaths amongst boys 10-14

More information

Bicycle, In-Line Skating & Skateboarding Safety

Bicycle, In-Line Skating & Skateboarding Safety Bicycle, In-Line Skating & Skateboarding Safety Overview Over 70 percent of children between the ages of 5 and 14 ride bicycles. In-line skating and skateboarding are also very popular among this age group.

More information

FMCSA Webinar Nov.18th to Examine Large Truck Crash Fatalities Involving Pedestrians & Bicyclists. New Technology for Better Fleet Management

FMCSA Webinar Nov.18th to Examine Large Truck Crash Fatalities Involving Pedestrians & Bicyclists. New Technology for Better Fleet Management In This Issue: FMCSA Webinar Nov.18th to Examine Large Truck Crash Fatalities Involving Pedestrians & Bicyclists Help Prevent Roadway Accidents involving Pedestrians How to Steer Clear of Accidents with

More information

COOLS COOLS. Cools is nominated for the Brains Award! www.brainseindhoven.nl/nl/top_10/&id=507. www.cools-tools.nl. Coen Danckmer Voordouw

COOLS COOLS. Cools is nominated for the Brains Award! www.brainseindhoven.nl/nl/top_10/&id=507. www.cools-tools.nl. Coen Danckmer Voordouw Name Nationality Department Email Address Website Coen Danckmer Voordouw Dutch / Nederlands Man and Activity info@danckmer.nl www.danckmer.nl Project: Image: Photographer: Other images: COOLS CoenDVoordouw

More information

Dutch Mortgage Market Pricing On the NMa report. Marco Haan University of Groningen November 18, 2011

Dutch Mortgage Market Pricing On the NMa report. Marco Haan University of Groningen November 18, 2011 Dutch Mortgage Market Pricing On the NMa report Marco Haan University of Groningen November 18, 2011 Introductory remarks My comments are complementary: I do not focus so much on this market as such, more

More information

Cycle Safety. Some tips on safer cycling. Údarás Um Shábháilteacht Ar Bhóithre Road Safety Authority

Cycle Safety. Some tips on safer cycling. Údarás Um Shábháilteacht Ar Bhóithre Road Safety Authority Cycle Safety Some tips on safer cycling Údarás Um Shábháilteacht Ar Bhóithre Road Safety Authority Be safe For further information on safe cycling, please look at the Rules of the Road website at www.rulesoftheroad.ie

More information

Kind en Gezin. Our services

Kind en Gezin. Our services Kind en Gezin Our services 1. About Kind en Gezin 1.1 History 1.2 Mission 1.3 Values 1.4 Organisation 1.5 Policy areas 1.6 Kind en Gezin-Lijn (Contact Centre) 1.7 Complaints Department 1.8. Communication

More information

Is het nodig risico s te beheersen op basis van een aanname..

Is het nodig risico s te beheersen op basis van een aanname.. Is het nodig risico s te beheersen op basis van een aanname.. De mens en IT in de Zorg Ngi 19 april 2011 René van Koppen Agenda Er zijn geen feiten, slechts interpretaties. Nietzsche Geen enkele interpretatie

More information

1. Rules for users of powered wheelchairs and powered mobility scooters

1. Rules for users of powered wheelchairs and powered mobility scooters Jersey Highway Code Introduction The Minister for Transport and Technical Services has issued directions for the guidance of road users, the Highway Code. The Highway Code for Jersey is the Official Highway

More information

The information in this report is confidential. So keep this report in a safe place!

The information in this report is confidential. So keep this report in a safe place! Bram Voorbeeld About this Bridge 360 report 2 CONTENT About this Bridge 360 report... 2 Introduction to the Bridge 360... 3 About the Bridge 360 Profile...4 Bridge Behaviour Profile-Directing...6 Bridge

More information

Sample test Secretaries/administrative. Secretarial Staff Administrative Staff

Sample test Secretaries/administrative. Secretarial Staff Administrative Staff English Language Assessment Paper 3: Writing Time: 1¼ hour Secretarial Staff Administrative Staff Questions 1 17 Text 1 (questions 1 8) Assessment Paper 3 Writing Part 1 For questions 1-8, read the text

More information

Summary of Bicycle Ordinances Tulsa Metropolitan Region. Passing requirement. Use of permanent seat

Summary of Bicycle Ordinances Tulsa Metropolitan Region. Passing requirement. Use of permanent seat May 2009 Updated 10/2011 Summary of Bicycle Ordinances Tulsa Metropolitan Region Mandatory Sidepath Two Abreast Bicycles considered vehicles Passing requirement Use of permanent seat Ride as far to the

More information

Appendix 1: ICD 10 AM (6th Edition) Cause of Injury Code and Description

Appendix 1: ICD 10 AM (6th Edition) Cause of Injury Code and Description ICD 10 AM Cause of Injury Codes and Descriptions Page 1 of 61 Appendix 1: ICD 10 AM (6th Edition) Cause of Injury Code and Description V00.00 Pedestrian injured in collision with pedestrian conveyance,

More information

ORDINANCE NO. Section 21-197. Traffic laws apply to persons riding bicycles, shall be amended to read as follows:

ORDINANCE NO. Section 21-197. Traffic laws apply to persons riding bicycles, shall be amended to read as follows: ORDINANCE NO. AN ORDINANCE TO AMEND CHAPTER 21, ARTICLE V, CODE OF ORDINANCES, CITY OF MEMPHIS, TO UPDATE REGULATIONS REGARDING THE OPERATION OF BICYCLES WITHIN THE CITY OF MEMPHIS WHEREAS, the current

More information

ILLINOIS STATUTES REGARDING BICYCLES Updated March 2009

ILLINOIS STATUTES REGARDING BICYCLES Updated March 2009 ILLINOIS STATUTES REGARDING BICYCLES Updated March 2009 ILLINOIS VEHICLE CODE 625 ILCS 5/ "Every person riding a bicycle upon a highway shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of

More information

Research Report. Ingelien Poutsma Marnienke van der Maal Sabina Idler

Research Report. Ingelien Poutsma Marnienke van der Maal Sabina Idler Research Report Ingelien Poutsma Marnienke van der Maal Sabina Idler Research report ABSTRACT This research investigates what the ideal bank for adolescents (10 16 years) looks like. The research was initiated

More information

Bike Laws: Massachusetts

Bike Laws: Massachusetts Bike Laws: Massachusetts Do you know your rights of the road? Do you know what your responsibilities are when biking in Massachusetts? Here is a summary of Massachusetts bike law that covers equipment,

More information

Title page. Title: A conversation-analytic study of time-outs in the Dutch national volleyball. competition. Author: Maarten Breyten van der Meulen

Title page. Title: A conversation-analytic study of time-outs in the Dutch national volleyball. competition. Author: Maarten Breyten van der Meulen Title page Title: A conversation-analytic study of time-outs in the Dutch national volleyball competition Author: Maarten Breyten van der Meulen A conversation-analytic study of time-outs in the Dutch

More information

Met wie moet je als erasmusstudent het eerst contact opnemen als je aankomt?

Met wie moet je als erasmusstudent het eerst contact opnemen als je aankomt? Erasmusbestemming: University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK Academiejaar: 2011-2012 Één/twee semester(s) Universiteit Waar is de universiteit ergens gelegen (in het centrum/ ver uit het centrum)? For law

More information

CYCLING IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA

CYCLING IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA Issue No.?? Month 2011 Page 1 SCHOOL EDITION Page 1 CYCLING IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA Cycling in South Australia is becoming an important pass time with events such as the Tour Down Under providing a catalyst

More information

Mobility management, a solution for urban congestion regarding EU best practices

Mobility management, a solution for urban congestion regarding EU best practices Mobility management, a solution for urban congestion regarding EU best practices Muriel Mariotto ministère de l'égalité des territoires et du Logement ministère de l'écologie, du Développement durable

More information

Bicycle Safety Quiz Answers Parental Responsibilities

Bicycle Safety Quiz Answers Parental Responsibilities Bicycle riding is a great way to get into shape and enjoy the outdoors. To remain safe on Illinois roads, it is important to follow the same traffic safety laws that govern vehicle drivers. No amount of

More information

RULES OF THE ROAD BY LWTL Staff Writer

RULES OF THE ROAD BY LWTL Staff Writer RULES OF THE ROAD BY LWTL Staff Writer Publisher s Note This is the First of a Three Part Series on Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety. This First Part is made available to all readers. The final two parts

More information

Pilot Staff Bike Share Project. Induction Notes

Pilot Staff Bike Share Project. Induction Notes Pilot Staff Bike Share Project Induction Notes www.capetown.gov.za/travelsmart travel.smart@capetown.gov.za Contents Contents... i Introduction.... 1 How do I get access to the bicycles?... 1 Location

More information

employager 1.0 design challenge

employager 1.0 design challenge employager 1.0 design challenge a voyage to employ(ment) EMPLOYAGER 1.0 On the initiative of the City of Eindhoven, the Red Bluejay Foundation organizes a new design challenge around people with a distance

More information

If farming becomes surviving! Ton Duffhues Specialist Agriculture and society ZLTO Director Atelier Waarden van het Land 4 juni 2014, Wageningen

If farming becomes surviving! Ton Duffhues Specialist Agriculture and society ZLTO Director Atelier Waarden van het Land 4 juni 2014, Wageningen If farming becomes surviving! Ton Duffhues Specialist Agriculture and society ZLTO Director Atelier Waarden van het Land 4 juni 2014, Wageningen About myself Study - Cultural and social Anthropology, specialised

More information

Specification by Example (methoden, technieken en tools) Remco Snelders Product owner & Business analyst

Specification by Example (methoden, technieken en tools) Remco Snelders Product owner & Business analyst Specification by Example (methoden, technieken en tools) Remco Snelders Product owner & Business analyst Terminologie Specification by Example (SBE) Acceptance Test Driven Development (ATDD) Behaviour

More information

CHAPTER 5-A. Bicycle and Skateboard Ordinance

CHAPTER 5-A. Bicycle and Skateboard Ordinance CHAPTER 5-A Bicycle and Skateboard Ordinance Article I. Bicycles. 5-A.01. Definitions. 5-A.02. Applicability. 5-A.03 Registration Required. 5-A.04. General Bike Regulations. Article II. Skateboards, Scooters

More information

Examen Software Engineering 2010-2011 05/09/2011

Examen Software Engineering 2010-2011 05/09/2011 Belangrijk: Schrijf je antwoorden kort en bondig in de daartoe voorziene velden. Elke theorie-vraag staat op 2 punten (totaal op 24). De oefening staan in totaal op 16 punten. Het geheel staat op 40 punten.

More information

Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge International General Certificate of Secondary Education

Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge International General Certificate of Secondary Education Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge International General Certificate of Secondary Education DUTCH 0515/01 Paper 1 Listening For Examination from 2015 SPECIMEN MARK SCHEME Approx. 45 minutes

More information

A Guide to Safe Bicycling in Hawai i

A Guide to Safe Bicycling in Hawai i A Guide to Safe Bicycling in Hawai i Sharing the Road: A Guide to Safe Bicycling in Hawai i What Motorists & Bicyclists Should Know Everyone has the right to be safe on Hawai i s roads. Law of the Splintered

More information

Smart Cycling IN SANTA MONICA SANTA MONICA POLICE DEPARTMENT BE SMART. BE VISIBLE. BE ATTENTIVE. HAVE FUN!

Smart Cycling IN SANTA MONICA SANTA MONICA POLICE DEPARTMENT BE SMART. BE VISIBLE. BE ATTENTIVE. HAVE FUN! Smart Cycling IN SANTA MONICA BE SMART. BE VISIBLE. BE ATTENTIVE. HAVE FUN! Safety Tips and Rules of the Road for Cyclists SANTA MONICA POLICE DEPARTMENT Rules of the Road Drivers, bicyclists, and pedestrians

More information

Smart Mobility: Cars solving their own problems

Smart Mobility: Cars solving their own problems Where innovation starts Where innovation starts Join the future of Mobility! Maarten Steinbuch BBZOB Symposium Smart Technology Smart People Sept,20 2013 @M_Steinbuch Where innovation starts Where innovation

More information

STATISTICS OF FATAL AND INJURY ROAD ACCIDENTS IN LITHUANIA,

STATISTICS OF FATAL AND INJURY ROAD ACCIDENTS IN LITHUANIA, Vilnius 215 STATISTICS OF FATAL AND INJURY ROAD ACCIDENTS IN LITHUANIA, 211 214 TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION... 9 GENERAL INFORMATION... 1 1. VEHICLE FLEET... 11 1.1. Number of vehicles, 1995 214...

More information

TRANSPORTATION POLICY

TRANSPORTATION POLICY TRANSPORTATION POLICY Contents 1 NQS... 2 2 National Regulations... 2 3 Aim... 2 4 Related Policies... 2 5 Implementation... 2 6 General Transport Guidelines... 4 7 Guidelines for Seatbelts and Restraints...

More information

TEST ON Driving Safely Among Bicyclists and Pedestrians

TEST ON Driving Safely Among Bicyclists and Pedestrians TEST ON Driving Safely Among Bicyclists and Pedestrians Next you will take a 16 question test about driving safely among bicyclists and pedestrians. Please take out a sheet of paper to mark down and score

More information

The facts about road accidents and children

The facts about road accidents and children A The AA Motoring Trust The facts about road accidents and children Around 5, children under the age of 16 die or are seriously injured on Britain s roads each year Nearly two in three road accidents happen

More information

a family guide to January 2009 Bike Ed

a family guide to January 2009 Bike Ed a family guide to January 2009 Bike Ed Childhood Development e program was developed by ycle education instructor s of programs available visit: gresources/health VRPIN 02026 5.08 a bicycle education program

More information

Parking card for people with disabilities in the European Union:

Parking card for people with disabilities in the European Union: Parking card for people with disabilities in the European Union: conditions in the Member States European Commission Put the freestanding folder at the window next to your parking card so that language(s)

More information

Road Safety Authority Provisional Review of Road Crashes 2013

Road Safety Authority Provisional Review of Road Crashes 2013 A review of 2013 fatal collision statistics December 31 st 2013 The following report summarises the main trends that have emerged in 2013. This has been prepared by the Road Safety Authority following

More information

MODULE 4: Passenger Safety

MODULE 4: Passenger Safety Foundation, Levels 1 and 2 MODULE 4: Passenger Safety Activities Being a responsible car passenger Being a responsible bus passenger Links to AusVELS Foundation Level English Speaking and Listening: Literacy

More information

These "rules of the road" are based on Texas Transportation Code statutes. Find the complete bicycle code at the bottom of the page

These rules of the road are based on Texas Transportation Code statutes. Find the complete bicycle code at the bottom of the page Texas Bicycle Laws These "rules of the road" are based on Texas Transportation Code statutes. Find the complete bicycle code at the bottom of the page Bicyclists have the rights and duties of other vehicle

More information

BEGRIJP JE DOELGROEP BETER DOOR KENNIS OVER TRENDS. Spreker: Aljan de Boer Moderator: Mascha Buiting

BEGRIJP JE DOELGROEP BETER DOOR KENNIS OVER TRENDS. Spreker: Aljan de Boer Moderator: Mascha Buiting BEGRIJP JE DOELGROEP BETER DOOR KENNIS OVER TRENDS Spreker: Aljan de Boer Moderator: Mascha Buiting 2 WIE ZIJN WIJ? mascha@masmarketing.nl aljan@trendsactive.com Vragen of support over dit webinar: +31

More information

Inhoud. Xclusief Verzekeringen 4. Xclusief Auto 7. Xclusief Wonen 8. Xclusief Jacht 11. Xclusief Evenementen 12. Contact 15

Inhoud. Xclusief Verzekeringen 4. Xclusief Auto 7. Xclusief Wonen 8. Xclusief Jacht 11. Xclusief Evenementen 12. Contact 15 Inhoud Xclusief Verzekeringen 4 Xclusief Auto 7 Xclusief Wonen 8 Xclusief Jacht 11 Xclusief Evenementen 12 Contact 15 Xclusief Verzekeringen Hebt u exclusief bezit? Dan komt de productlijn Xclusief Verzekeringen

More information

Contents. 1. What types of car restraints are available? 3. 2. Buying a car child seat- checklist 5. 3. Tips for fitting car seats 6

Contents. 1. What types of car restraints are available? 3. 2. Buying a car child seat- checklist 5. 3. Tips for fitting car seats 6 Child Car Safety Contents 1. What types of car restraints are available? 3 2. Buying a car child seat- checklist 5 3. Tips for fitting car seats 6 4. How to use car seats 6 5. Legislation for child safety

More information

IT-waardeketen management op basis van eeuwenoude supply chain kennis

IT-waardeketen management op basis van eeuwenoude supply chain kennis IT-waardeketen management op basis van eeuwenoude supply chain kennis Hans van Aken / November 28, 2012 Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject

More information

Citrix Access Gateway: Implementing Enterprise Edition Feature 9.0

Citrix Access Gateway: Implementing Enterprise Edition Feature 9.0 coursemonstercom/uk Citrix Access Gateway: Implementing Enterprise Edition Feature 90 View training dates» Overview Nederlands Deze cursus behandelt informatie die beheerders en andere IT-professionals

More information

Trends and issues Lake Te Koutu walkway, Cambridge

Trends and issues Lake Te Koutu walkway, Cambridge 27 Trends and issues Lake Te Koutu walkway, Cambridge 3 Trends 3.1 Journey to work Over the past two to three decades there has been a significant increase in private vehicle ownership and usage and a

More information

Community. Bike Law. A bike rider s guide to road rules in Victoria

Community. Bike Law. A bike rider s guide to road rules in Victoria Community Bike Law A bike rider s guide to road rules in Victoria A bike rider s guide to road rules in Victoria This guide outlines the essential road rules you need to know as a bike rider. Whether you

More information

101 Inspirerende Quotes - Eelco de boer - winst.nl/ebooks/ Inleiding

101 Inspirerende Quotes - Eelco de boer - winst.nl/ebooks/ Inleiding Inleiding Elke keer dat ik een uitspraak of een inspirerende quote hoor of zie dan noteer ik deze (iets wat ik iedereen aanraad om te doen). Ik ben hier even doorheen gegaan en het leek me een leuk idee

More information

ICT applications for safe cycling in Europe

ICT applications for safe cycling in Europe ICT applications for safe cycling in Europe Increase safety of cyclists with ICT and ITS What kind of applications can we think of? E-safety applications to be used by cyclists Cyclists can increase their

More information

ORDINANCE NO. AN ORDINANCE requiring helmets be used by all people when operating or riding on

ORDINANCE NO. AN ORDINANCE requiring helmets be used by all people when operating or riding on 2-11-08 2-25-08 ORDINANCE NO. AN ORDINANCE requiring helmets be used by all people when operating or riding on bicycles, skateboards, roller blades, roller skates, unicycles and scooters in a public area

More information

HAPPY MOTORING IN QUÉBEC!

HAPPY MOTORING IN QUÉBEC! HAPPY MOTORING IN QUÉBEC! Whether you are in Québec on vacation or business, you may well need information about the main rules for road use in this province, as set forth in the Highway Safety Code. Seat

More information

New Jersey Bicycle Laws

New Jersey Bicycle Laws 39:1-1 Words and phrases defined Right-of-way means the privilege of the immediate use of the highway. Traffic means pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, streetcars, and other conveyances either

More information

Now Therefore, The Corporation of the City of Peterborough by the Council thereof hereby enacts as follows:

Now Therefore, The Corporation of the City of Peterborough by the Council thereof hereby enacts as follows: The Corporation of the City of Peterborough By-Law Number 14-096 Being a By-law to Regulate Bicycles, Skateboards, Inline Skates, Roller Skates, E- bikes, Segways and other conveyances drawn, propelled

More information

Bicycle and Public Transport Dream Team or Rivals? The Berlin Experience

Bicycle and Public Transport Dream Team or Rivals? The Berlin Experience Bicycle and Public Transport Dream Team or Rivals? The Berlin Experience Conference Integrated Urban Mobility Dresden, 12./13. March 2009 Burkhard Horn Senate Department for Urban Development, Berlin Overview

More information

Risk-Based Monitoring

Risk-Based Monitoring Risk-Based Monitoring Evolutions in monitoring approaches Voorkomen is beter dan genezen! Roelf Zondag 1 wat is Risk-Based Monitoring? en waarom doen we het? en doen we het al? en wat is lastig hieraan?

More information

Accidents with Pedestrians and Cyclists in Germany Findings and Measures

Accidents with Pedestrians and Cyclists in Germany Findings and Measures Accidents with Pedestrians and Cyclists in Germany Findings and Measures Siegfried Brockmann Unfallforschung der Versicherer (UDV) May 7th, Geneva 2 Content 2 Accident situation in Germany based on National

More information

[back to list of TX laws] Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995.

[back to list of TX laws] Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995. This document is for information only about Texas Law regarding bicycles, it is not the actual code and it should not be used as a legal document. Please consult an attorney for legal advice. The Official

More information

Load Balancing Lync 2013. Jaap Wesselius

Load Balancing Lync 2013. Jaap Wesselius Load Balancing Lync 2013 Jaap Wesselius Agenda Introductie Interne Load Balancing Externe Load Balancing Reverse Proxy Samenvatting & Best Practices Introductie Load Balancing Lync 2013 Waarom Load Balancing?

More information

Uw partner in system management oplossingen

Uw partner in system management oplossingen Uw partner in system management oplossingen User Centric IT Bring your Own - Corporate Owned Onderzoek Forrester Welke applicatie gebruik je het meest op mobiele devices? Email 76% SMS 67% IM / Chat 48%

More information

Bicycle Riding. WHAT ARE the. One Final Note... It is against the law to ride a bicycle under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs. (21200.

Bicycle Riding. WHAT ARE the. One Final Note... It is against the law to ride a bicycle under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs. (21200. One Final Note... It is against the law to ride a bicycle under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs. (21200.0 VC) Bicycle Riding WHAT ARE the CALIFORNIA HIGHWAY PATROL CHP 909 (12/11) OPI 013 94 75015

More information

IC Rating NPSP Composieten BV. 9 juni 2010 Variopool

IC Rating NPSP Composieten BV. 9 juni 2010 Variopool IC Rating NPSP Composieten BV 9 juni 2010 Variopool AGENDA: The future of NPSP Future IC Rating TM NPSP Composieten BV 2 Bottom line 3 Bottom line 4 Definition of Intangibles The factors not shown in the

More information

Primary health care in the Netherlands: current situation and trends

Primary health care in the Netherlands: current situation and trends Primary health care in the Netherlands: current situation and trends Prof. Peter P. Groenewegen NIVEL Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research and Utrecht University Contents of my presentation

More information

ON YOUR BIKE 1 A PROBLEM FOR CYCLISTS. Activity A picture story is used to ask whether there should be changes in the law to make cycling safer.

ON YOUR BIKE 1 A PROBLEM FOR CYCLISTS. Activity A picture story is used to ask whether there should be changes in the law to make cycling safer. T E A C H E R S N O T E S ON YOUR BIKE UNIT SUMMARY In this unit pupils look at some of the problems faced by young people wishing to cycle on busy or dangerous roads, and decide how these might be addressed.

More information

total dutch speak Dutch instantly no books no writing absolute confi dence

total dutch speak Dutch instantly no books no writing absolute confi dence total dutch speak Dutch instantly no books no writing absolute confi dence d To find out more, please get in touch with us. For general enquiries and for information on Michel Thomas: Call: 020 7873 6400

More information

Section 15. transportation of children in vehicles. Regulation 51. of Children in Vehicles. 15. Transportation

Section 15. transportation of children in vehicles. Regulation 51. of Children in Vehicles. 15. Transportation 15. Transportation of Children in Vehicles Section 15 Regulation 51 transportation of children in vehicles Section 15 Regulation 51 TRANSPORTATION OF CHILDREN IN VEHICLES This regulation explains the policy

More information

Assuring the Cloud. Hans Bootsma Deloitte Risk Services hbootsma@deloitte.nl +31 (0)6 1098 0182

Assuring the Cloud. Hans Bootsma Deloitte Risk Services hbootsma@deloitte.nl +31 (0)6 1098 0182 Assuring the Cloud Hans Bootsma Deloitte Risk Services hbootsma@deloitte.nl +31 (0)6 1098 0182 Need for Assurance in Cloud Computing Demand Fast go to market Support innovation Lower costs Access everywhere

More information

Campaigns and actions: some recent Dutch experiences. Gerjan Huis in t Veld november 15 2013

Campaigns and actions: some recent Dutch experiences. Gerjan Huis in t Veld november 15 2013 Campaigns and actions: some recent Dutch experiences Gerjan Huis in t Veld november 15 2013 Stop Prijsmisleiding! Action Travel Prices 17-21 june 2013 What s the problem? Research February 2013: none of

More information

Storage in Microsoft Azure Wat moet ik daarmee? Bert Wolters @bertwolters

Storage in Microsoft Azure Wat moet ik daarmee? Bert Wolters @bertwolters Storage in Microsoft Azure Wat moet ik daarmee? Bert Wolters @bertwolters Welk deel van het platform hebben we nu behandeld? Agenda Recap: Storage Account Nieuw! Premium Storage Nieuw! Native backup voor

More information

VIDEO CREATIVE IN A DIGITAL WORLD Digital analytics afternoon. Hugo.schurink@millwardbrown.com emmy.brand@millwardbrown.com

VIDEO CREATIVE IN A DIGITAL WORLD Digital analytics afternoon. Hugo.schurink@millwardbrown.com emmy.brand@millwardbrown.com VIDEO CREATIVE IN A DIGITAL WORLD Digital analytics afternoon Hugo.schurink@millwardbrown.com emmy.brand@millwardbrown.com AdReaction Video: 42 countries 13,000+ Multiscreen Users 2 3 Screentime is enormous

More information

Aaronia Spectran Spectrum Analyser Charles Claessens Page 2 Colofon het bitje Charles Claessens Page 17

Aaronia Spectran Spectrum Analyser Charles Claessens Page 2 Colofon het bitje Charles Claessens Page 17 2 Aaronia Spectran Spectrum Analyser Charles Claessens Page 2 Colofon het bitje Charles Claessens Page 17 Now the second part of the issue with more examples. At the moment, we are studying and testing

More information

High Mileage Moms - The Report

High Mileage Moms - The Report High Mileage Moms - The Report Mothers are spending more time behind the wheel than ever before, and this is leaving less time for the rest of their lives, for everything from playing with children to

More information

BICYCLE AND IN-LINE SKATE LAWS ROAD SHARING RESPONSIBILITIES OF BICYCLISTS AND MOTORISTS, REQUIRED EQUIPMENT AND PARENTAL RESPONSIBILITY

BICYCLE AND IN-LINE SKATE LAWS ROAD SHARING RESPONSIBILITIES OF BICYCLISTS AND MOTORISTS, REQUIRED EQUIPMENT AND PARENTAL RESPONSIBILITY BICYCLE AND IN-LINE SKATE LAWS ROAD SHARING RESPONSIBILITIES OF BICYCLISTS AND MOTORISTS, REQUIRED EQUIPMENT AND PARENTAL RESPONSIBILITY The statutes in this material have been generated from the database

More information