Dental Radiography collimator Ionising radiation image radiolucent area radiopaque area controlled zone scatter radiation intraoral

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Dental Radiography collimator Ionising radiation image radiolucent area radiopaque area controlled zone scatter radiation intraoral"

Transcription

1 Dental Radiography X-rays for dental radiography are produced by high voltages of electricity within an x-ray head and come out through a metal tube called a collimator. This ensures the x-rays only come out of the head in one direction. To ensure the x-rays do not spread from the tube where they are made the tube is surrounded by a thick cover of metal. This means the x-ray head is very heavy about 20kg and must be handled carefully. We call the x-rays that come out of the machine Ionising radiation. The x-rays are beams of high energy that can travel some distance. They have enough energy to pass through the body. How much x-rays come through the body depends on what they hit on the way through. The x-rays that come through when caught on a film or sensor will give us an image (picture) of that part of the body. Soft tissue like lips will not absorb many x-rays and they will mostly pass stright through to appear dark on our image we call that a radiolucent area. Amalgam fillings will stop and absorb a lot of x-rays and so will result in a white area in our image and we call that a radiopaque area. These high energy x-rays when they hit the small cells in our tissue can sometimes damage them. They can damage individual cells of sensitive tissue and sometimes damage the DNA in reproductive cells. As x-rays (ionising radiation) can cause damage we try to keep the amount patients are given x-rays to the lowest amount possible. We must always make a good justification for taking x-ays and use the lowest dose possible to give the result we need. When x-rays hit tissue or objects the rays may be absorbed or scattered and so dental taff must keep a safe distance from the x-ray tube head when x-ryas are being taken. This area of 2 metres around the tube head is called the controlled zone and only the patient must be in this area so the staff are not exposed to scatter radiation. As ionising radiation has dangers only staff who have been properly trained are allowed to operate the x-ray machines. Each machine will have a control panel that allows the operator to change the setting or power of the x-rays. For different areas of the mouth and for different types of film or sensor there will be different lengths of exposure. This is usually displayed in seconds. Once the machine is switched on the operator will select the length of exposure, take the exposure switch usually on a long cord so they are well outside the controlled area and press the button to generate the x-rays. A light (usually orange) and a sound will indicate that x-rays are being generated. The image from an x-ray exposure is captured on light sensitive film or an electronic sensor. The films for use inside the mouth (intraoral) come in 3 sizes. Child size Periapical / Bitewing Occlussal

2 The electonic sensor has CCD sensor similar to digital cameras and is connected to a computer so the image is immediately available. The radiographic film is surrounded by black paper to help exclude any light. A lead foil is used to absorb some of the radiation that passes through the film and help prevent scatter of radiation to the surrounding tissue. Radiographic films for intraoral radiographs have a plastic waterproof and light proof outer covering. The packets have roundd edges and are soft enough to bend easily so they do not damage the patients mouth. Extra oral films are much larger and come in boxes of films which are then placed into a casettee in a dark room. The casettes have intensifying screens on either side of the film. The intensifying screens allow a much lower dose of radiation to be used making it safer for the patient Intra oral films also come with different speed settings. The faster the film (a more sensitive film) the lower the exposure needs to be which reduces the risk of ionising radiation. D being a slow speed increasing up to E speed and the Ultra a fast speed. Film holders and aiming devices are used to ensure that the film is held in the correct position to receive the parallel beam of x-rays. Each manufacturer will have 2 or 3 different shapes to hold the film packets in different parts of the mouth. The dental assistant must know which holder to prepare for different views of the teeth. Processing radiographic films: Small films can be processed manually in small tanks or by automatice processors. When a film has been exposed to x-rays or light it alters the silver bromide in the emulsion to form a latent image. When the film is put in a developer solution the silver bromide which has been exposed changes into silver crystals it should not be left in the developer too long and the developer should not be too hot or all the silver bromide will change and result in a dark image. The film is washed in water and then put in the fixer solution this washes away the unexposed silver bromide and fixes the silver crystals to the gelatine film. The film must then be thoroughly washed in cold running water to clear away all the chemicals. The film must then be left hanging to dry thoroughly before it is mounted.

3 In large clinics and hospitals where different sizes of film are used there will be a darkroom with a red or orange safety light and a light outside the door to indicate the darkroom is in use. The films are carefully taken out of their packets, put on a hanger then placed in developer, water, fixer, water then washed and dryed. To save having a darkroom there are simple manual processor where the dental assistant can put their hands through tight cuffs and look through an orange shield to be able to see and control the film. The operator will check the temperature is 20degrees C then manually dip the films in the correct tanks of solutions timing how long the film is in the developer and the fixer. With the automatic processor the operator needs to check the temperature then put their hands through the light proof cuffs and unwrap the x-ray film packet. Handling the film only by the edges the film is placed in a slot and sometimes a button pressed to start the electric rollers that will take the film through the different processing tanks. To ensure good quality radiographic films a test film using a step wedge should be used at the start of each day to ensure the processing chemicals do not need to be replaced. The water tanks need to be replaced each day. The automatic rollers need to be cleaned every week in cleaning solution otherwise marks will appear on the developed radiographs. Care needs to be taken when handling the x-ray processing chemicals. PPE of gloves, mask, eye glasses and apron should be worn and care taken not to spill or splash the chemicals.

4 Bitewings are intra-oral films that show the upper and lower posterior teeth. They are usually taken as part of a routine examination of a patient. On a good bitewing you should be able to see clearly the enamel, dentine, pulp and alveolar bone, and there should not be any overlap of the teeth. Any existing fillings, crowns or root treatments will also show. They are used to detect any caries either below the occlusal surface, interproximal caries or secondary caries under existing restorations. They will also show any defective fillings which either have overhangs (beyond the surface of the tooth) or fillings that do not reach the outer surface of the tooth. Sub gingival calculus will show as a small mark on the surface of the root and any bone loss will also show. For a full periodontal assessment of pockets periapical radiographs will be taken. Periapical radiographs are the same size as bitewings bur are placed along the length of the tooth to provide a full picture of one or more teeth from the crown to the root and include the surrounding bone. This periapical view of a patient with pain shows the upper left posterior teeth. A root filling and crown are present on the upper second premolar and large calculus deposits seen on all teeth. There is bone loss due to an infected periodontal pocket. The end of the roots (apex) can be clearly seen as can the position of the maxillary sinus. This view helps the dentist either find the cause of the pain or be able to eliminate several possible causes. During endodontic (root) treatment a periapical will be taken before starting to find the number and shape of the roots. Another will be taken to help measure the length of each of the roots and a final x-ray taken to show the final root filling. Periapicals are also used to find the level of bone supporting a tooth or series of teeth. If the bone level will give sufficient support and the surface of the bone is even and appears healthy then extra work can take place to restore these teeth such as crowns or bridges.

5 Occlusal radiographs can be taken of the upper or lower arch usually to show the position of any unerupted canines or supernumerary (extra) teeth The dental panoramic machine has a film in a cassette which along with the x-ray head rotates round the patients head to give a view of the whole mouth. It will include the Temporal Manibular Joints, the mandible completely, the maxilla and sinuses as well as all the teeth. It is used to detect any pathology such as cysts, to see the position of unerupted teeth, the position of roots that lie close to nerves and is used regularly by oral surgeons and orthodontists.

Radiography and Radiation Protection- Core Subject Radiation Dose and Legislation

Radiography and Radiation Protection- Core Subject Radiation Dose and Legislation Radiography and Radiation Protection- Core Subject Radiation Dose and Legislation Aims: To provide an overview of dental radiography dosage and dose limitation for patients and staff. Objectives: On completion

More information

Radiation safety in dental radiography

Radiation safety in dental radiography Radiation safety in dental radiography Dental Radiography Series The goal of dental radiography is to obtain diagnostic information while keeping the exposure to the patient and dental staff at minimum

More information

RADIOGRAPHIC PROCESSING FACILITIES AND MATERIALS 3-5. GENERAL

RADIOGRAPHIC PROCESSING FACILITIES AND MATERIALS 3-5. GENERAL RADIOGRAPHIC PROCESSING FACILITIES AND MATERIALS 3-5. GENERAL Precise methods in the processing of x-ray films are as important in attaining good results, as is the use of precise exposure technique. Regardless

More information

Dental Radiology Related With Pedodontics

Dental Radiology Related With Pedodontics Dental Radiology Related With Pedodontics Presented by: Dr. Rajeev Kumar Singh Radiology The branch of medicine that deals with the use of X- rays and radioactive substances in the diagnosis and treatment

More information

Bitewing Radiography B.E. DIXON. B.D.S., M.Sc., D.P.D.S.

Bitewing Radiography B.E. DIXON. B.D.S., M.Sc., D.P.D.S. Bitewing Radiography B.E. DIXON B.D.S., M.Sc., D.P.D.S. Main Indications Detection of Dental Caries Monitoring progression of caries Assessment of existing restorations Assessment of Periodontal status

More information

user's manual _5

user's manual _5 EN user's manual 10029963_5 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 INTRODUCTION...1 2 SYMBOLS ON PRODUCT LABELS...2 3 ASSOCIATED DOCUMENTATION...3 4 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS...4 4.1 Explanations for note, caution and warnings

More information

Radiation safety in dental radiography

Radiation safety in dental radiography Radiation safety in dental radiography Kodak s dental radiograph series The goal of dental radiography is to obtain diagnostic information while keeping the exposure to the patient and dental staff at

More information

EXAM RECORDS DENTAL IMAGES

EXAM RECORDS DENTAL IMAGES EXAM Description: It is a review of the medical history, diet, homecare, chief complaints, clinical extraoral and intraoral evaluation of the patient. Advantages: Obtain a diagnosis and develop a treatment

More information

QUALITY ASSURANCE IN DENTAL RADIOGRAPHY. Part of the Ionising Radiation Regulations Section 4 (3) IR(ME)R 2000

QUALITY ASSURANCE IN DENTAL RADIOGRAPHY. Part of the Ionising Radiation Regulations Section 4 (3) IR(ME)R 2000 QUALITY ASSURANCE IN DENTAL RADIOGRAPHY Part of the Ionising Radiation Regulations Section 4 (3) IR(ME)R 2000 Quality Assurance (QA) Ensure consistently adequate diagnostic information whilst keeping doses

More information

Dental Selective - VMF 891. Radiographic Examination of the Equine Skull and Teeth

Dental Selective - VMF 891. Radiographic Examination of the Equine Skull and Teeth Dental Selective - VMF 891 Radiographic Examination of the Equine Skull and Teeth Technical Considerations X-ray machine Film-screen systems Grids Radiographic technique Film processing Technical Considerations

More information

8 TREATMENTS. How you clean teeth and gums should be based upon the findings in the examination.

8 TREATMENTS. How you clean teeth and gums should be based upon the findings in the examination. Cleaning teeth and gums 8 TREATMENTS How you clean teeth and gums should be based upon the findings in the examination. Gingivitis If there is only plaque, the gums are red and inflamed, and there is no

More information

Panoramic Radiology. What s wrong here? Panorama. Tomography

Panoramic Radiology. What s wrong here? Panorama. Tomography Panoramic Radiology What s wrong here? Steven R. Singer, DDS srs2@columbia.edu Panorama An unobstructed view in every direction. Tomography To view a slice of a structure Useful for examining centrally

More information

Plaque and periodontal disease

Plaque and periodontal disease Patient information Plaque and periodontal disease This leaflet explains how you and your dentist or hygienist can work together to help prevent plaque and periodontal disease. What s in a tooth? Enamel

More information

Periapical radiography

Periapical radiography 8 Periapical radiography Periapical radiography describes intraoral techniques designed to show individual teeth and the tissues around the apices. Each film usually shows two to four teeth and provides

More information

Treatment Planning in Pediatric Dentistry CONTENT. Children as individuals. Ⅰ.. Quality Care for Children

Treatment Planning in Pediatric Dentistry CONTENT. Children as individuals. Ⅰ.. Quality Care for Children Treatment Planning in Pediatric Dentistry 許修銘 93/04/20 2004/5/4 2 CONTENT Ⅰ. Quality care for children Ⅱ. Philosophy of treatment planning Ⅲ. Diagnosis Ⅳ. Dental caries assessment Ⅴ. Dental charting Ⅵ.

More information

Communication Task - Scenario 1 CANDIDATE COPY

Communication Task - Scenario 1 CANDIDATE COPY Communication Task - Scenario 1 Your patient is 30 years old, and has presented today complaining of pain from the lower right posterior side. The tooth had been cold sensitive for several weeks, but the

More information

Plaque and periodontal disease

Plaque and periodontal disease How do l maintain healthy teeth and gums? You can do five things to ensure you have healthy teeth and gums: 1. Visit your dentist or hygienist regularly and follow their advice on how to look after your

More information

Radiation Safety for Dental Auxiliaries Dr. Bruno Correa de Azevedo

Radiation Safety for Dental Auxiliaries Dr. Bruno Correa de Azevedo Radiation Safety for Dental Auxiliaries Dr. Bruno Correa de Azevedo Course Content 1. Radiation History and the Use of Radiographs 2. Introduction to Physics 3. X-ray Machine and Production of X-Rays 4.

More information

Procedure Description. Prophylaxis - adult. Periodic oral evaluation - established patient. Resin-based composite - three surfaces, posterior

Procedure Description. Prophylaxis - adult. Periodic oral evaluation - established patient. Resin-based composite - three surfaces, posterior Top ADA Dental Procedure Codes - Pediatric Patients Ranked by Contribution to Total Pediatric Dental Claim Costs based on 15 Milliman Health Cost Guidelines-Dental 12 08 13 51 74 91 71 93 03 12 06 Procedure

More information

Guidelines for Prescribing Radiographs. Neill Serman. Aug W&P Pgs

Guidelines for Prescribing Radiographs. Neill Serman. Aug W&P Pgs 1 Guidelines for Prescribing Radiographs. Neill Serman. Aug. 2000 W&P Pgs. 241-253. Radiographs can only be prescribed by a dentist and then only after a clinical examination has been performed to determined

More information

Introduction to Dental Anatomy

Introduction to Dental Anatomy Introduction to Dental Anatomy Vickie P. Overman, RDH, MEd Continuing Education Units: N/A This continuing education course is intended for dental students and dental hygiene students. Maintaining the

More information

PROCESSING THE RADIOGRAPH. Neill Serman. Sept. 2000 W + P. Chapter 6

PROCESSING THE RADIOGRAPH. Neill Serman. Sept. 2000 W + P. Chapter 6 1 PROCESSING THE RADIOGRAPH. Neill Serman. Sept. 2000 W + P. Chapter 6 THE STAGES IN THE PRODUCTION OF THE RADIOGRAPH Many dentists who utilize manual processing, intentionally over expose patients and

More information

Introducing radiographic processing. Prepared by:- KAMARUL AMIN BIN ABDULLAH

Introducing radiographic processing. Prepared by:- KAMARUL AMIN BIN ABDULLAH Introducing radiographic processing Prepared by:- KAMARUL AMIN BIN ABDULLAH LESSON OBJECTIVES At the end of the lesson, student should able to:- Briefly explain the chemicals used and roles in radiographic

More information

DENTAL ASST: DENTAL SCIENCE II (721)

DENTAL ASST: DENTAL SCIENCE II (721) DESCRIPTION The second assessment in a series, Dental Assistant II prepares students to assist a dentist or dental hygienist performing the functions of a dental practice. Topics include: chair-side assisting,

More information

Put Your Panoramic Imaging on Steroids While Reducing the Patient s Dose!

Put Your Panoramic Imaging on Steroids While Reducing the Patient s Dose! Put Your Panoramic Imaging on Steroids While Reducing the Patient s Dose! Dale A. Miles BA, DDS, MS, FRCD(C) Diplomate, American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology It used to be that panoramic images

More information

Case Report(s): Uncomplicated Crown Fractures

Case Report(s): Uncomplicated Crown Fractures Case Report(s): Uncomplicated Crown Fractures Tooth fractures can be classified as follows: Uncomplicated crown fracture = fracture limited to the crown of the tooth with dentin exposure but no pulp exposure.

More information

Integrated Management & Educational Consultancy

Integrated Management & Educational Consultancy Integrated Management & Educational Consultancy Services MANDEC Radiology Update Seminar for The Dental Team Dr. Richard DeCann & Mr. Tim Reynolds IMECS Radiography Consultants Tel:07855 183117 email:admin@imecs.freeserve.co.uk

More information

portion of the tooth such as 3/4 Crown, 7/8Crown.

portion of the tooth such as 3/4 Crown, 7/8Crown. Lecture.1 Dr.Adel F.Ibraheem Crown and Bridge: It s a branch of dental science that deals with restoration of damaged teeth with artificial crown replacing the missing natural teeth by a cast prosthesis

More information

Periodontal Disease vs. Endodontic Disease in the Diagnostic Process

Periodontal Disease vs. Endodontic Disease in the Diagnostic Process Periodontal Disease vs. Endodontic Disease in the Diagnostic Process Travis Henry, DVM, DAVDC Author s address Midwest Equine Services, W3143 County Road D, Elkhorn, WI 53121; e-mail: midwestequine@me.com.

More information

Dental Abscess. A dental abscess is a collection of pus in the teeth or gums. This happens when you have an infection in your mouth.

Dental Abscess. A dental abscess is a collection of pus in the teeth or gums. This happens when you have an infection in your mouth. Dental Abscess A dental abscess is a collection of pus in the teeth or gums. This happens when you have an infection in your mouth. Dental abscesses can be very painful and make you feel ill. If you do

More information

Dentists. Schedule of Dental Services and Fees for Ontario Works Adults

Dentists. Schedule of Dental Services and Fees for Ontario Works Adults Dentists Schedule of Dental Services and Fees for Ontario Works Adults 2015 2015 Ontario Works Adults - Schedule of Dental Services and Fees PURPOSE OF THE PROGRAM Halton Region does not intend to provide

More information

BlueCross BlueShield of South Carolina is an independent licensee of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association.

BlueCross BlueShield of South Carolina is an independent licensee of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association. BlueCross BlueShield of South Carolina is an independent licensee of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association. Purpose Use this guide to explain Federal Employee dental benefits to your patients if they

More information

Perkins Statewide Articulation Agreement. Documentation item: Secondary Competency Task List Coversheet

Perkins Statewide Articulation Agreement. Documentation item: Secondary Competency Task List Coversheet Perkins Statewide Articulation Agreement Documentation item: Secondary Task List Coversheet The Secondary School agrees to: A. Implement the approved PDE Program(s) of Study. B. Provide assessment of student

More information

Humana Health Plans of Florida. Important:

Humana Health Plans of Florida. Important: Humana Health Plans of Florida Important: Dental discount membership in Florida is determined by viewing the member s ID card and verifying that the Humana Logo and Medicare name is listed with an effective

More information

Enroll in DeltaCare USA and you ll enjoy these features: you and your family. dentists, so you can enjoy a long-term relationship with your dentist

Enroll in DeltaCare USA and you ll enjoy these features: you and your family. dentists, so you can enjoy a long-term relationship with your dentist DeltaCare USA A Dental HMO Plan We ll do whatever it takes and then some. Welcome to DeltaCare USA - quality, convenience, predictable costs Find a DeltaCare USA dentist Select a conveniently located DeltaCare

More information

TREATMENT REFUSAL FORMS

TREATMENT REFUSAL FORMS TREATMENT REFUSAL FORMS These forms are intended to be used when a patient refuses the treatment. These forms help confirm that the patient is informed and aware of the risks involved with not proceeding

More information

ONTARIO WORKS. Dentist Fee Schedule. Adult Emergency Dental Services (Age 18 and over) District of Muskoka

ONTARIO WORKS. Dentist Fee Schedule. Adult Emergency Dental Services (Age 18 and over) District of Muskoka ONTARIO WORKS Dentist Fee Schedule Adult Emergency Dental Services (Age 18 and over) District of Muskoka May 2012 The Canadian Dental Association is the owner of the copyright and other intellectual property

More information

Tooth Decay. What Is Tooth Decay? Tooth decay happens when you have an infection of your teeth.

Tooth Decay. What Is Tooth Decay? Tooth decay happens when you have an infection of your teeth. Tooth Decay What Is Tooth Decay? Tooth decay happens when you have an infection of your teeth. When you eat food and drink, it is broken down into acid. This acid helps to make plaque (a sticky substance).

More information

A collection of pus. Usually forms because of infection. A tooth or tooth structure which is responsible for the anchorage of a bridge or a denture.

A collection of pus. Usually forms because of infection. A tooth or tooth structure which is responsible for the anchorage of a bridge or a denture. Abscess A collection of pus. Usually forms because of infection. Abutment A tooth or tooth structure which is responsible for the anchorage of a bridge or a denture. Amalgam A silver filling material.

More information

HEALTH SERVICES POLICY & PROCEDURE MANUAL. SUBJECT: Types of Dental Treatments Provided EFFECTIVE DATE: July 2014 SUPERCEDES DATE: January 2014

HEALTH SERVICES POLICY & PROCEDURE MANUAL. SUBJECT: Types of Dental Treatments Provided EFFECTIVE DATE: July 2014 SUPERCEDES DATE: January 2014 PAGE 1 of 5 References Related ACA Standards 4 th Edition Standards for Adult Correctional Institutions 4-4369, 4-4375 PURPOSE To provide guidelines for determining appropriate levels of care and types

More information

MEDICAID DENTAL PROGRAMS CODING, POLICY AND RELATED FEE REVISION INFORMATION

MEDICAID DENTAL PROGRAMS CODING, POLICY AND RELATED FEE REVISION INFORMATION MEDICAID DENTAL PROGRAMS CODING, POLICY AND RELATED FEE REVISION INFORMATION Effective for dates of service on and after November 1, 2005, the following dental coding, policy and related fee revisions

More information

Radiology. Floron C. Faries, Jr. DVM, MS

Radiology. Floron C. Faries, Jr. DVM, MS Radiology Floron C. Faries, Jr. DVM, MS Objectives Determine the appropriate machine settings for making a radiograph Describe essential radiograph accessories Describe the positions used to perform radiographs

More information

DENTAL RADIOGRAPHIC EXAMINATIONS: RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PATIENT SELECTION AND LIMITING RADIATION EXPOSURE

DENTAL RADIOGRAPHIC EXAMINATIONS: RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PATIENT SELECTION AND LIMITING RADIATION EXPOSURE DENTAL RADIOGRAPHIC EXAMINATIONS: RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PATIENT SELECTION AND LIMITING RADIATION EXPOSURE REVISED: 2012 AMERICAN DENTAL ASSOCIATION Council on Scientific Affairs U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH

More information

4-1-2005. Dental Clinical Criteria and Documentation Requirements

4-1-2005. Dental Clinical Criteria and Documentation Requirements 4-1-2005 Dental Clinical Criteria and Documentation Requirements Table of Contents Dental Clinical Criteria Cast Restorations and Veneer Procedures... Pages 1-3 Crown Repair... Page 3 Endodontic Procedures...

More information

Job Ready Assessment Blueprint. Dental Assisting. Test Code: 4126 / Version: 01. Copyright 2013. All Rights Reserved.

Job Ready Assessment Blueprint. Dental Assisting. Test Code: 4126 / Version: 01. Copyright 2013. All Rights Reserved. Job Ready Assessment Blueprint Dental Assisting Test Code: 4126 / Version: 01 Copyright 2013. All Rights Reserved. General Assessment Information Blueprint Contents General Assessment Information Written

More information

Lesson 2: Save your Smile from Tooth Decay

Lesson 2: Save your Smile from Tooth Decay Lesson 2: Save your Smile from Tooth Decay OVERVIEW Objectives: By the end of the lesson, the Lay Health Worker will be able to: 1. Describe what tooth decay is and how it happens. 2. State the causes

More information

Job Ready Assessment Blueprint. Dental Assisting. Test Code: 4026 / Version: 01

Job Ready Assessment Blueprint. Dental Assisting. Test Code: 4026 / Version: 01 Job Ready Assessment Blueprint Dental Assisting Test Code: 4026 / Version: 01 Measuring What Matters Specific Competencies and Skills Tested in this Assessment: Introduction to the Dental Assisting Profession

More information

Crown and bridge Lecture.1 Dr.hasan AL Rrammahi

Crown and bridge Lecture.1 Dr.hasan AL Rrammahi Crown and bridge Lecture.1 Dr.hasan AL Rrammahi The dental specialty concerned with the making of artificial replacements for missing parts of the mouth and jaw. Also prosthetic dentistry or prosthodontia.

More information

Active. Comparison of Dental Benefits

Active. Comparison of Dental Benefits Carpenters Southwest Administrative Corporation ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE: 533 S. Fremont Ave. Los Angeles, CA 90071-1706 Tel: (213) 386-8590 Toll Free (800) 293-1370 www.carpenterssw.org Active Comparison

More information

Introduction to Veterinary Dental Radiology. Animal Dental Care

Introduction to Veterinary Dental Radiology. Animal Dental Care Introduction to Veterinary Dental Radiology Presented by: Animal Dental Care Tony M. Woodward DVM, Dipl. AVDC 5520 N. Nevada Ave. Suite 150 Colorado Springs, CO 80918 (719) 536-9949 tw@wellpets.com www.wellpets.com

More information

If there is NO complaint: 5 Oral Examination

If there is NO complaint: 5 Oral Examination 5 Oral Examination mirror Mirror Periodontal probe periodontal probe You will need: Bright spot light (flashlight or similar). Dry mouth (have patient swallow). Intraoral mirror Periodontal probe Explorer

More information

Alberta Blue Cross Usual and Customary dental fees

Alberta Blue Cross Usual and Customary dental fees Alberta Blue Cross Usual and Customary dental fees Why Usual and Customary dental fees? In Alberta, individual dental providers set their own prices. As a result, dental offices across the province charge

More information

[PAGE HEADLINE] Improve your Health and Change Your Smile with Complete Dental Services in One [CITYNAME] Location

[PAGE HEADLINE] Improve your Health and Change Your Smile with Complete Dental Services in One [CITYNAME] Location Eddie Stephens//Copywriter Sample: Website copy/internal Dental Services Pages [PAGE HEADLINE] Improve your Health and Change Your Smile with Complete Dental Services in One [CITYNAME] Location [LEAD SENTENCE/PARAGRAPH]

More information

user's manual 10006187_19

user's manual 10006187_19 EN user's manual 1000617_19 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 INTRODUCTION...1 1.1 Symbols... 2 2 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS...3 3 CHECKLIST - BEFORE USING THE UNIT...4 4 PLANMECA INTRA X-RAY UNIT - MAIN PARTS...5 4.1

More information

Southern California Veterinary Dental Specialties & Oral Surgery

Southern California Veterinary Dental Specialties & Oral Surgery Southern California Veterinary Dental Specialties & Oral Surgery Dental Radiology a Primer January 29, 2015 Brook A. Niemiec, DVM Diplomate, American Veterinary Dental College Diplomate, European Veterinary

More information

The Full Dental Plan is designed to cover diagnostic, preventive and restorative procedures necessary for adequate dental health.

The Full Dental Plan is designed to cover diagnostic, preventive and restorative procedures necessary for adequate dental health. Full Dental Plan The Full Dental Plan is designed to cover diagnostic, preventive and restorative procedures necessary for adequate dental health. Covered services include: Oral Examinations Periapical

More information

Spedding Dental Clinic. 73 Warwick Road Carlisle CA1 1EB T: 01228 521889 www.speddingdental.co.uk

Spedding Dental Clinic. 73 Warwick Road Carlisle CA1 1EB T: 01228 521889 www.speddingdental.co.uk DENTAL IMPLANTS Spedding Dental Clinic 73 Warwick Road Carlisle CA1 1EB T: 01228 521889 www.speddingdental.co.uk SPEDDING DENTAL CLINIC Jack Spedding is a partner in Spedding dental clinic. He is a highly

More information

CHAPTER 10 RESTS AND PREPARATIONS. 4. Serve as a reference point for evaluating the fit of the framework to the teeth.

CHAPTER 10 RESTS AND PREPARATIONS. 4. Serve as a reference point for evaluating the fit of the framework to the teeth. CHAPTER 10 RESTS AND DEFINITIONS A REST is any rigid part of an RPD framework which contacts a properly prepared surface of a tooth. A REST PREPARATION or REST SEAT is any portion of a tooth or restoration

More information

PRACTICAL TIPS IN ENSURING RADIATION SAFETY IN THE USE OF MEDICAL DIAGNOSTIC X-RAY EQUIPMENT

PRACTICAL TIPS IN ENSURING RADIATION SAFETY IN THE USE OF MEDICAL DIAGNOSTIC X-RAY EQUIPMENT PRACTICAL TIPS IN ENSURING RADIATION SAFETY IN THE USE OF MEDICAL DIAGNOSTIC X-RAY EQUIPMENT Although the medical uses of X-rays to examine a patient without surgery became an amazing medical breakthrough,

More information

Dental Services Rider Harbor Choice Plus, a product of Harbor Health Plan, Inc.

Dental Services Rider Harbor Choice Plus, a product of Harbor Health Plan, Inc. Your Agreement gives You important information about Your health care benefits. This Dental Services Rider ( Rider ) is issued to You with Your Agreement because the plan you selected includes Other Dental

More information

PWU REPRESENTED EMPLOYEES - ODA CODES COVERED UNDER THE KINECTRICS DENTAL PLAN (DRAFT) PROCEDURE

PWU REPRESENTED EMPLOYEES - ODA CODES COVERED UNDER THE KINECTRICS DENTAL PLAN (DRAFT) PROCEDURE PWU REPRESENTED EMPLOYEES - COVERED UNDER THE KINECTRICS DENTAL PLAN 01101 100% Class A Initial examination of a new patient 01102 100% Class A Initial examination of a new patient 01103 100% Class A Initial

More information

Dental Cone Beam CT. What is Dental Cone Beam CT?

Dental Cone Beam CT. What is Dental Cone Beam CT? Scan for mobile link. Dental Cone Beam CT Dental cone beam computed tomography (CT) is a special type of x-ray equipment used when regular dental or facial x-rays are not sufficient. Your doctor may use

More information

PATIENT CHARGE SCHEDULE

PATIENT CHARGE SCHEDULE B1-05 Important Highlights PATIENT CHARGE SCHEDULE This Schedule lists the benefits of the Dental Plan including covered procedures and patient charges. This Schedule applies only when covered dental services

More information

Staywell FL Child Medicaid Plan Benefits

Staywell FL Child Medicaid Plan Benefits The following is a complete list of the dental procedures for which benefits are payable under this Plan. on-listed procedures are not covered. This Plan does not allow alternate benefits. Members must

More information

The Use of Lead Aprons in Dental Radiology

The Use of Lead Aprons in Dental Radiology The Use of Lead Aprons in Dental Radiology Position Statement The Use of Lead Aprons in Dental Radiology Radiological Protection Institute of Ireland 3 Clonskeagh Square Dublin 14 Health Service Executive

More information

INTENSIFYING SCREENS, CASSETTES AND SCREEN FILMS N. Serman & S. Singer

INTENSIFYING SCREENS, CASSETTES AND SCREEN FILMS N. Serman & S. Singer INTENSIFYING SCREENS, CASSETTES AND SCREEN FILMS N. Serman & S. Singer X-rays were discovered by W.C. Roentgen because of their ability to cause fluorescence. X-ray photons cannot be seen. The image produced

More information

Dental Benefits (866) 212-2743 A. Choice of Physician and Provider B. Scheduling Appointments C. Referrals to Specialists D. Changing Your Dentist

Dental Benefits (866) 212-2743 A. Choice of Physician and Provider B. Scheduling Appointments C. Referrals to Specialists D. Changing Your Dentist Dental Benefits Dental Benefits are provided through Delta Dental of California. Upon enrollment you will receive a dental provider directory that lists Delta Dental dentists participating in the Healthy

More information

Rochester Regional Health. Dental Plan

Rochester Regional Health. Dental Plan Rochester Regional Health Dental Plan TABLE OF CONTENTS EXPLANATION OF TERMS... 2 INTRODUCTION... 4 DENTAL BENEFITS... 5 DEDUCTIBLES AND COINSURANCE... 7 PRE-TREATMENT ESTIMATES... 8 LIMITATIONS... 8

More information

healthy teeth healthy body arkansas medicaid s dental care for adults

healthy teeth healthy body arkansas medicaid s dental care for adults healthy teeth healthy body arkansas medicaid s dental care for adults eeping your teeth healthy can help your whole body stay well. If your mouth and teeth are clean, you might not get sick as much. That

More information

Dental. Covered services and limitations module

Dental. Covered services and limitations module Dental Covered services and limitations module Dental Covered Services and Limitations Module Covered Dental Services for Patients Under the Age of 21...2 Examinations...2 Radiographs and Diagnostic Imaging...2

More information

Q1. Both X-ray machines and CT scanners are used to produce images of the body.

Q1. Both X-ray machines and CT scanners are used to produce images of the body. Q. Both X-ray machines and CT scanners are used to produce images of the body. (a) The diagram shows an X-ray photograph of a broken leg. Before switching on the X-ray machine, the radiographer goes behind

More information

TREATMENT PLAN. Paulo Vitor Rodrigues Full Mouth Rehab Dental Studio San Francisco Crooked & Shifting Teeth NO

TREATMENT PLAN. Paulo Vitor Rodrigues Full Mouth Rehab Dental Studio San Francisco  Crooked & Shifting Teeth NO TREATMENT PLAN Paulo Vitor Rodrigues Full Mouth Rehab 16-02-2016 Dental Studio San Francisco www.yourwebsite.com Darkening Teeth NO SOME Missing & Drifting Teeth Crooked & Shifting Teeth NO Bite & Joint

More information

(a) The performance of intraoral tasks by dental hygienists or assistants shall be under the direct supervision of the employer-dentist;

(a) The performance of intraoral tasks by dental hygienists or assistants shall be under the direct supervision of the employer-dentist; 5-1-8. Expanded duties of dental hygienists and dental assistants. 8.1. General. Licensed dentists may assign to their employed dental hygienists or assistants intraoral tasks as set out in this section

More information

Anthem Blue Dental PPO Plan

Anthem Blue Dental PPO Plan Anthem Blue Dental PPO Plan For Individuals and Families Anthem Blue Cross and Blue Shield 700 Broadway Denver, Colorado 80273 anthem.com An independent licensee of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association.

More information

Alberta Dental Fee Guide 2014 - General Practioners and Specialists

Alberta Dental Fee Guide 2014 - General Practioners and Specialists Alberta Dental Fee Guide 2014 - General Practioners and s Note: the below information has been developed by Manulife Financial by using actual Manulife dental claims experience in Alberta. Manulife is

More information

Taylor Dental Assisting School Course Description

Taylor Dental Assisting School Course Description Taylor Dental Assisting School Course Description Entry Level Dental Assisting The Entry Level Dental Assisting Course is divided into Twenty Six (26) modules of four hours each. Total time is One Hundred

More information

Diagnostic X-ray Tube. Producing a radiograph(1) Overview - Equipment found in a general X- ray room

Diagnostic X-ray Tube. Producing a radiograph(1) Overview - Equipment found in a general X- ray room Radiographic Science Basic Overview of diagnostic radiography Marc Griffiths Overview - Equipment found in a general X- ray room Diagnostic X-ray tube Tube support Mechanism Diagnostic Table Upright stands

More information

What Parents Should Know about the Safety of Dental Radiology.

What Parents Should Know about the Safety of Dental Radiology. What Parents Should Know about the Safety of Dental Radiology. There are many different types of x-ray images (pictures) that can be taken of children in the dental office to assist in diagnosis. These

More information

Tooth Replacement Options

Tooth Replacement Options Dr. Jordan Johnson Johnson Dental Associates http://www.beta.mydentalhub.com/ada/test/ (800) 947-4746 Tooth Replacement Options If you re missing one or more teeth, you may be all too aware of their importance

More information

Working Relationship between Dental Hygienists and Dentists/Dental Specialists Practice Standard

Working Relationship between Dental Hygienists and Dentists/Dental Specialists Practice Standard Working Relationship between Dental Hygienists and Dentists/Dental Specialists Practice Standard March 2012 Practice standard rationale 1 The Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003 ( the Act

More information

Attachment S: Benefits Covered - ADULTS - AGE 21 AND OVER

Attachment S: Benefits Covered - ADULTS - AGE 21 AND OVER Diagnostic services include the oral examinations and selected radiographs needed to assess the oral health, diagnose oral pathology and develop an adequate treatment plan for the Participant s oral health.

More information

CDT- Current Dental Terminology- a reference manual used by the dental profession to outline the dental code. Developed by the ADA

CDT- Current Dental Terminology- a reference manual used by the dental profession to outline the dental code. Developed by the ADA A Letter Numbering system used to identify dental procedures and their descriptions for a standardized coding system to document and communicate accurate information regarding dental treatment and procedures

More information

LIST OF DENTAL PROCEDURES (LOW PLAN) PREVENTIVE PROCEDURES

LIST OF DENTAL PROCEDURES (LOW PLAN) PREVENTIVE PROCEDURES LIST OF DENTAL PROCEDURES (LOW PLAN) The following is a complete list of the dental procedures for which benefits are payable under this section. No benefits are payable for a procedure that is not listed.

More information

Handbook. Your guide to the Alberta Blue Cross. Dental Schedule

Handbook. Your guide to the Alberta Blue Cross. Dental Schedule Dental Handbook 2016 Your guide to the Alberta Blue Cross Dental Alberta Blue Cross Dental : 2016 Helping you keep your healthy smile About the schedule January 2016 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

More information

What Dental Implants Can Do For You!

What Dental Implants Can Do For You! What Dental Implants Can Do For You! Putting Smiles into Motion About Implants 01. What if a Tooth is Lost and the Area is Left Untreated? 02. Do You Want to Restore Confidence in Your Appearance? 03.

More information

Intraoral Radiographic Techniques

Intraoral Radiographic Techniques Intraoral Radiographic Techniques Allan G. Farman, BDS, EdS., MBA, PhD; Sandra A. Kolsom, CDA-Emeritus, RDA; ADAA 2014 Council on Education Continuing Education Units: 4 hours Online Course: www.dentalcare.com/en-us/dental-education/continuing-education/ce119/ce119.aspx

More information

Dental care and treatment for patients with head and neck cancer. Department of Restorative Dentistry Information for patients

Dental care and treatment for patients with head and neck cancer. Department of Restorative Dentistry Information for patients Dental care and treatment for patients with head and neck cancer Department of Restorative Dentistry Information for patients i Why have I been referred to the Restorative Dentistry Team? Treatment of

More information

OVERVIEW The MetLife Dental Plan for Retirees

OVERVIEW The MetLife Dental Plan for Retirees OVERVIEW The MetLife Dental Plan for Retirees IN NETWORK: Staying in network saves you money. 1 Participating dentists have agreed to MetLife s negotiated fees which are typically 15% to 45% below the

More information

Generally there are three treatment options for replacing

Generally there are three treatment options for replacing Case Report Dental Implant for Teeth Replacement in Esthetic Zone Abstract The replacement of multiple missing teeth in the anterior maxilla counts among the greatest challenges in dentistry. Implant-supported

More information

Clinical Practice Guideline For Orthodontics

Clinical Practice Guideline For Orthodontics Clinical Practice Guideline For Orthodontics MOH- Oral Health CSN -Orthodontics -2010 Page 1 of 15 Orthodontic Management Guidelines 1. Definitions: Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry concerned with

More information

DENTAL PLAN ADMINISTERED BY MEDBEN

DENTAL PLAN ADMINISTERED BY MEDBEN DENTAL PLAN ADMINISTERED BY MEDBEN 2.9 SCHEDULE OF DENTAL BENEFITS This Schedule of Dental Benefits is intended to provide only a general description of a Covered Person s dental benefits under this Plan.

More information

SUMMARY OF CURRENT UK LEGISLATION AND GUIDELINES

SUMMARY OF CURRENT UK LEGISLATION AND GUIDELINES SUMMARY OF CURRENT UK LEGISLATION AND GUIDELINES Legislation There are two sets of regulations in the UK governing the use of ionizing radiation. They both form part of The Health and Safety at Work Act

More information

Cigna Dental Care (*DHMO) Patient Charge Schedule

Cigna Dental Care (*DHMO) Patient Charge Schedule L1-08 Cigna Dental Care (*DHMO) Schedule This Schedule lists the benefits of the Dental Plan including covered procedures and patient charges. Important Highlights This Schedule applies only when covered

More information

Summary of Benefits. Mount Holyoke College

Summary of Benefits. Mount Holyoke College Dental Blue Program 2 Summary of Benefits Mount Holyoke College Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts is an Independent Licensee of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association Dental Blue Program 2 Preventive

More information

TABLE OF DENTAL PROCEDURES PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION CAREFULLY FOR YOUR PROCEDURE FREQUENCIES AND PROVISIONS.

TABLE OF DENTAL PROCEDURES PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION CAREFULLY FOR YOUR PROCEDURE FREQUENCIES AND PROVISIONS. TABLE OF DENTAL PROCEDURES PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION CAREFULLY FOR YOUR PROCEDURE FREQUENCIES AND PROVISIONS. The attached is a list of dental procedures for which benefits are payable under

More information

DENTAL FOR EVERYONE SUMMARY OF BENEFITS, LIMITATIONS AND EXCLUSIONS

DENTAL FOR EVERYONE SUMMARY OF BENEFITS, LIMITATIONS AND EXCLUSIONS DENTAL FOR EVERYONE SUMMARY OF BENEFITS, LIMITATIONS AND EXCLUSIONS DEDUCTIBLE The dental plan features a deductible. This is an amount the Enrollee must pay out-of-pocket before Benefits are paid. The

More information

CALIFORNIA ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS

CALIFORNIA ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS CALIFORNIA ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS Summary of Benefits MetLife Dental Insurance Plan benefits effective 1/1/16 BENEFITS Plans at a glance CHOICE PLAN SELECT PLAN VALUE PLAN Reimbursement In-Network Out-of-

More information

DENTAL IMPLANTS. Consider the implant alternative

DENTAL IMPLANTS. Consider the implant alternative DENTAL IMPLANTS Consider the implant alternative WHAT IS A DENTAL IMPLANT? A dental implant is typically a small screw shaped attachment usually made from titanium. It is inserted within the jawbone to

More information

ONTARIO WORKS DENTAL BENEFITS. Adult Ontario Works Recipients. Region of Durham Departments of Health and Social Services

ONTARIO WORKS DENTAL BENEFITS. Adult Ontario Works Recipients. Region of Durham Departments of Health and Social Services HEALTH DEPARTMENT ONTARIO WORKS DENTAL BENEFITS Adult Ontario Works Recipients Region of Durham Departments of Health and Social Services Effective for services provided after January 1, 2012. The fees

More information

A Dental Benefit Summary for Rice University

A Dental Benefit Summary for Rice University Aetna Dental presents A Dental Benefit Summary for Rice University CODE CODE Office Visit Copay $5 DIAGNOSTIC CROWNS/BRIDGES D0120 Exam-Periodic No Charge D2510 Inlay, Metallic, One surface $225 D0150

More information