European Social Charter (revised) European Committee of Social Rights. Conclusions 2011 (THE NETHERLANDS)

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "European Social Charter (revised) European Committee of Social Rights. Conclusions 2011 (THE NETHERLANDS)"

Transcription

1 January 2012 European Social Charter (revised) European Committee of Social Rights s 2011 (THE NETHERLANDS) Articles 7, 8, 16, 17, 19, 27 and 31 of the Revised Charter This text may be subject to editorial revision.

2

3 Introduction The function of the European Committee of Social Rights is to rule on the conformity of the situation in States with the European Social Charter. In respect of national reports, it adopts "conclusions" and in respect of collective complaints, it adopts "decisions". A presentation of this treaty as well as statements of interpretation formulated by the Committee appear in the General Introduction to the s. 1 The present chapter on the Kingdom of the Netherlands contains three subsections: The Netherlands (Kingdom in Europe) The Netherlands (Netherlands Antilles) The Netherlands (Aruba) As of 10 October 2010, the Netherlands Antilles ceased to exist as a country. Since then, the Kingdom of the Netherlands consists of four countries: the Netherlands, Aruba, Curaçao and St Maarten, and the islands of Bonaire, St Eustatius and Saba have the status of 'special municipalities' within the Netherlands. The Netherlands (Kingdom in Europe) The Revised European Social Charter was ratified by the Netherlands on 3 May The time limit for submitting the 4th report on the application of this treaty to the Council of Europe was 31 October 2010 and the Netherlands submitted it on 25 January Comments on the report from a group of Dutch NGOs were submitted on 29 October 2010 and the Government submitted a response to these comments on 4 July This report concerned the accepted provisions of the following articles belonging to the thematic group "Children, families and migrants": the right of children and young persons to protection (Article 7), the right of employed women to protection of maternity (Article 8), the right of the family to social, legal and economic protection (Article 16), the right of mothers and children to social and economic protection (Article 17), the right of migrant workers and their families to protection and assistance (Article 19), the right of workers with family responsibilities to equal opportunity and treatment (Article 27), the right to housing (Article 31). The Netherlands (Kingdom in Europe) has accepted all the Articles from this group with the exception of Article The reference period was 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2009 for Articles 16 and 19, 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2009 for Articles 7 and 8, 1 July 2006 to 31 December 2009 for Articles 17, 27 and 31. The sub-section on the Netherlands (Kingdom in Europe) concerns 35 situations and contains: 19 conclusions of conformity: Articles 7 1, 7 2, 7 4, 7 7, 7 8, 7 10, 8 1, 8 2, 8 3, 16, 19 1, 19 2, 19 3, 19 5, 19 7, 19 9, 19 11, 27 1 and 27 2 ; 9 conclusions of non-conformity: Articles 7 3, 7 5, 7 6, 7 9, 17 1, 19 6, 19 8, and In respect of the other 7 situations concerning Articles 8 4, 8 5, 17 2, 19 4, 27 3, 31 1 and 31 3, the Committee needs further information in order to assess the situation. The Government is therefore invited to provide this information in the next report on the articles in question. 3

4 The next report from the Netherlands deals with the accepted provisions of the following articles belonging to the first thematic group "Employment, training and equal opportunities": the right to work (Article1), the right to vocational guidance (Article 9), the right to vocational training (Article 10), the right of persons with disabilities to independence, social integration and participation in the life of the community (Article 15), the right to engage in a gainful occupation in the territory of other States Parties (Article 18), the right of men and women to equal opportunities (Article 20), the right to protection in cases of termination of employment (Article 24), the right to workers to the protection of claims in the event of insolvency of the employer (Article 25). The deadline for the report was 31 October The Netherlands (Netherlands Antilles) The European Social Charter was ratified by the Netherlands with respect to the Netherlands Antilles on 22 April The time limit for submitting the 10th report on the application of this treaty to the Council of Europe was 31 October 2010 and it was submitted on 10 May This was the last report of the Netherlands with respect to the Netherlands Antilles. The report concerned the accepted provisions of the following articles belonging to the thematic group "Children, families and migrants": the right of children and young persons to protection (Article 7), the right of employed women to protection of maternity (Article 8), the right of the family to social, legal and economic protection (Article 16), the right of mothers and children to social and economic protection (Article 17), the right of migrant workers and their families to protection and assistance (Article 19). The Netherlands with respect to the Netherlands Antilles has accepted Article 16 from this group. The reference period was 1 January 2005 to 31 December The sub-section on the Netherlands with respect to the Netherlands Antilles concerns 1 situation and contains : 1 conclusion of non-conformity: Article 16. The first reports from Curaçao and St. Maarten deal with the accepted provisions of the following articles belonging to the first thematic group "Employment, training and equal opportunities": the right to work (Article1), the right to vocational guidance (Article 9), the right to vocational training (Article 10), the right of persons with disabilities to independence, social integration and participation in the life of the community (Article 15), the right to engage in a gainful occupation in the territory of other States Parties (Article 18), the right of men and women to equal opportunities (Article 1 of the Additional Protocol). 4

5 The deadline for the reports was 31 October 2011 The Netherlands (Aruba) The European Social Charter was ratified by the Netherlands with respect to Aruba on 22 April The time limit for submitting the 5th report on the application of this treaty to the Council of Europe was 31 October 2010 and it was submitted on 17 December The report concerned the accepted provisions of the following articles belonging to the thematic group "Children, families and migrants": the right of children and young persons to protection (Article 7), the right of employed women to protection of maternity (Article 8), the right of the family to social, legal and economic protection (Article 16), the right of mothers and children to social and economic protection (Article 17), the right of migrant workers and their families to protection and assistance (Article 19). The Netherlands with respect to Aruba has accepted Article 16 from this group. The reference period was 1 January 2005 to 31 December The sub-section on the Netherlands with respect to Aruba concerns 1 situation and contains : 1 conclusion of non-conformity: Article 16. The next report from Aruba deals with the accepted provisions of the following articles belonging to the first thematic group "Employment, training and equal opportunities": the right to work (Article1), the right to vocational guidance (Article 9), the right to vocational training (Article 10), the right of persons with disabilities to independence, social integration and participation in the life of the community (Article 15), the right to engage in a gainful occupation in the territory of other States Parties (Article 18), the right of men and women to equal opportunities (Article 1 of the Additional Protocol). The deadline for the report was 31 October The conclusions as well as state reports can be consulted on the Council of Europe's Internet site (www.coe.int/socialcharter). 5

6 Article 7 - Right of children and young persons to protection Paragraph 1 - Prohibition of employment under the age of 15 The report states that there are no new developments to the situation which the Committee, in its previous conclusion, found to be in conformity with Article 7 1 of the Charter. The Committee takes note of the inspections carried out by the Labour Inspectorate, during the reporting period, and the violations found, as described in the report. It notes that there have been 1200 inspections in 2009, over 1000 inspections in 2008, 761 inspections in 2007, 1600 inspections in 2006 and 1350 inspections in The inspected enterprises included different economic sectors such as agricultural and horticultural industries, tourism, health care, newspaper distribution depots, retail trade, wholesale/distribution centers and stores, etc. The Committee concludes that the situation in Netherlands is in conformity with Article 7 1 of the Charter. Article 7 - Right of children and young persons to protection Paragraph 2 - Prohibition of employment under the age of 18 for dangerous or unhealthy activities The report states that there are no new developments to the situation which the Committee, in its previous conclusion, found to be in conformity with Article 7 2 of the Charter. The Committee takes note of the inspections carried out by the Labour Inspectorate, during the reporting period, and the violations found, as described in the report. It notes the report of 2008, of the Labour Inspectorate, on the high incidence of accidents with farm machinery involving children under 16. It asks that next the report contains an update on the findings of the Labour Inspectorate. The Committee concludes that the situation in Netherlands is in conformity with Article 7 2 of the Charter. Article 7 - Right of children and young persons to protection Paragraph 3 - Prohibition of employment of children subject to compulsory education The Committee recalls that Article 7 3 guarantees the right of every child to education by safeguarding its capacity to learn. Only light work is permissible for schoolchildren under this provision. Adequate safeguards must be in place to allow the authorities (labour inspectorate, social and education services) to protect children from work which could deprive them of the full benefit of their education. The report states that there are no new developments to the situation which the Committee, in its previous conclusion, found not to be in conformity with Article 7 3 of the Charter on the grounds that: children aged 15, still subject to compulsory education, are allowed to work for more than half of the long summer school holidays; it is possible for children aged 15, still subject to compulsory education, to deliver newspapers from 6 a.m. for up to 2 hours per day, 5 days per week before school. 6

7 As regards the first ground of non-conformity, the Committee has reconsidered its case law and it refers in this respect to the interpretative statement on Article 7 3 in the General Introduction. The Committee notes that pupils aged 15 in compulsory full-time education in the Netherlands are permitted to work a maximum of six weeks during the holidays, but not more than 4 weeks consecutively and that the summer holidays in the Netherlands last for eight weeks. The Committee also notes that the annual length of school holidays in the Netherlands amounts to a total of 12 weeks and that thus the annual rest period (six weeks) equals half of the period of annual school holidays. As noted in the interpretative statement, the Committee considers that an uninterrupted period of rest which should under no circumstances be less than two weeks, must be provided for during summer holidays. As this is not the case, it considers that the situation is not in conformity with Article 7 3 of the Charter. The Committee also notes that the law still allows young persons aged 15 years subject to compulsory education to deliver newspapers from 6 a.m. onwards for up to two hours on school days, 5 days per week before school, a practice which it has previously held not to be in conformity with the Charter. The Committee takes note of the information provided by the Government on a study on the impact the delivery of morning papers has on the schoolwork of 15-year-olds carried out in According to the report, nothing in the study indicates that young persons aged 15 years who deliver newspapers have poorer school results than young persons not so working. The Committee underlines, as it has held previously, that such a study cannot assess whether these pupils would have had better results if they were not working. It therefore considers that the study does not provide sufficient evidence that children aged 15 and still subject to compulsory education who do morning paper routes are not deprived of the full benefit of education. The Committee recalls that, during school term, the time during which children may work must be limited so as not to interfere with their attendance, receptiveness and homework. Allowing children to work before school begins in the morning is, in principle, contrary to Article 7 3. It considers that allowing children aged 15 and still subject to compulsory education to deliver newspapers from 6 a.m. for up to 2 hours per day, 5 days per week before school is not in conformity with the Charter. The situation remaining the same, the Committee renews its conclusion of non conformity. The Committee concludes that the situation in the Netherlands is not in conformity with Article 7 3 of the Charter on the grounds that: children aged 15, still subject to compulsory education, are not guaranteed the benefit of an uninterrupted rest period of at least two weeks during summer holidays; it is possible for children aged 15, still subject to compulsory education, to deliver newspapers before school from 6 a.m. for up to 2 hours per day, 5 days per week. Article 7 - Right of children and young persons to protection Paragraph 4 - Working time for young persons under 18 The report states that there are no new developments to the situation which the Committee, in its previous conclusion, found to be in conformity with Article 7 4 of the Charter. The Committee takes note of the inspections carried out by the Labour Inspectorate, during the reporting period, and the violations found, as described in the report. It notes that the activity of the Labour Inspectorate included among others also inspections on the compliance of enterprises with the Working Hours Act. 7

8 The Committee concludes that the situation in the Netherlands is in conformity with Article 7 4 of the Charter. Article 7 - Right of children and young persons to protection Paragraph 5 - Fair pay The Committee recalls that the fair or appropriate character of the wage is assessed by comparing young workers' remuneration with the starting wage or minimum wage paid to adults. The young worker s wage may be less than the adult starting wage, but any difference must be reasonable and the gap must close quickly. For fifteen/sixteen year-olds, a wage of 30% lower than the adult starting wage is acceptable. For sixteen/eighteen year-olds, the difference may not exceed 20%. The adult reference wage must in all cases be sufficient to comply with Article 4 1 of the Charter. If the reference wage is too low, even a young worker s wage which respects these percentage differentials is not considered fair. As to the apprentices, they may be paid lower wages, since the value of the on-the-job training they receive must be taken into account. However, the apprenticeship system must not be deflected from its purpose and be used to underpay young workers. Accordingly, the terms of apprenticeships should not last too long and, as skills are acquired, the allowance should be gradually increased throughout the contract period: starting from at least one-third of the adult starting wage or minimum wage at the commencement of the apprenticeship, and arriving at least at two-thirds at the end. The report states that there are no new developments to the situation which the Committee, in its previous conclusion, found not to be in conformity with Article 7 5 of the Charter on the ground that young workers wages and apprentices allowances were not fair. However the report states that on 4 May 2007 the statutory minimum wage became applicable to young workers and even when it has not been applied the Labour Inspectorate can give effect without the young worker having to go through recourse to courts. The report states that young people under the age of 23 are entitled to a given percentage of the minimum wage for employees aged 23 and over. This percentage rises from 34% for 15-year-olds to 85% for 22-year-olds. In 2008, the minimum wage of a 15 year old was 407, while the minimum wage of a 23 year old was 1,357. The Committee considers that the gap between the minimum wages of a young worker and an adult is manifestly disproportionate. It finds that the situation remains still unsatisfactory to meet the requirements under Article 7 5 and therefore renews its conclusion of non conformity. The Committee concludes that the situation in the Netherlands is not in conformity with Article 7 5 of the Charter on the ground that: young workers wages are not fair; and apprentices allowances are not fair. 8

9 Article 7 - Right of children and young persons to protection Paragraph 6 - Inclusion of time spent on vocational training in the normal working time The Committee recalls that, under Article 7 6, time spent on vocational training by young people during normal working hours must be treated as part of the working day. Such training must, in principle, be done with the employer's consent and be related to the young person s work. Training time must thus be remunerated as normal working time, and there must be no obligation to make up for the time spent in training, which would effectively increase the total number of hours worked. This right also applies to training followed by young people with the consent of the employer and which is related to the work carried out, but which is not necessarily financed by the latter. The report states that there are no new developments to the situation which the Committee, in its previous conclusion, found not to be in conformity with Article 7 6 of the Charter on the ground that there is no evidence that the great majority of young workers have a right to remuneration for time spent on vocational training with the consent of the employer. The report states that current Dutch legislation does not oblige employers to continue paying wages when employees receive vocational training outside the workplace. However, the social partners may agree in the collective agreement for the industry or business concerned that training time will be remunerated. A 2008 survey by the Labour Inspectorate showed that 104 of the 115 collective agreements examined contained agreements about training. 26 of the collective agreements dealt specifically with block or day releases and provided that the training time would be wholly or partly remunerated. The report adds that although time spent on vocational training is deemed to be working time, it does not necessarily mean it should also be remunerated. The Committee considers that the situation continues to be unsatisfactory under the requirements of Article 7 6 and therefore renews its conclusion of non conformity. The Committee concludes that the situation in the Netherlands is not in conformity with Article 7 6 of the Charter on the ground that it has not been established that the great majority of young workers have a right to remuneration for time spent on vocational training with the consent of the employer. Article 7 - Right of children and young persons to protection Paragraph 7 - Paid annual holidays The report states that there are no new developments to the situation which the Committee, in its previous conclusion, found to be in conformity with Article 7 7 of the Charter. The Committee takes note of the inspections carried out by the Labour Inspectorate, during the reporting period, and the violations found, as described in the report. It notes that in 2007, the majority of infringements involved, among others, breaches of rules on rest periods, for which fines were imposed. The Committee asks whether this comprises also breaches of rules on annual paid holidays for young workers. Pending receipt of the information requested, the Committee concludes that the situation in the Netherlands is in conformity with Article 7 7 of the Charter. 9

10 Article 7 - Right of children and young persons to protection Paragraph 8 - Prohibition of night work The report states that there are new developments to the situation which the Committee, in its previous conclusion, found to be in conformity with Article 7 8 of the Charter. The Committee takes note of the inspections carried out by the Labour Inspectorate, during the reporting period, and the violations found, as described in the report. It notes that the activity of the Labour Inspectorate included among others also inspections on the compliance of enterprises with the Working Hours Act and early morning visits were paid to newspaper distribution centers. The Committee concludes that the situation in the Netherlands is in conformity with Article 7 8 of the Charter. Article 7 - Right of children and young persons to protection Paragraph 9 - Regular medical examination The report states that there are no new developments to the situation. The Committee recalls that, in application of Article 7 9, domestic law must provide for compulsory regular medical check-ups for under-eighteen year olds employed in occupations specified by national laws or regulations. These check-ups must be adapted to the specific situation of young workers and the particular risks to which they are exposed. The obligation entails a full medical examination on recruitment and regular check-ups thereafter. The intervals between check-ups must not be too long. In this regard, an interval of three years has been considered to be too long by the Committee. In its last conclusion the Committee noted that there was no general mandatory medical examination for workers under 18 years of age and noted that there was no information on the situation in practice. It reiterated its request for up-dated information on how and by whom the risk inventory and assessment was made, and insisted on receiving information confirming that medical examinations were periodical. In reply, the report explains that employers have a statutory duty to give employees the opportunity to undergo a medical examination. However, what is most relevant under this provision, there is no corresponding duty for employees to submit to such an examination. The report states also that there are no data available on the use made by young workers of the opportunity to undergo medical examinations. The situation remaining the same in law and with no data on the practice, the Committee considers that the situation is not in conformity with Article 7 9 of the Charter. The Committee concludes that the situation in the Netherlands is not in conformity with Article 7 9 of the Charter on the grounds that: there is no general mandatory medical examination for workers under 18 years of age; it has not been established that regular medical examination of young workers is guaranteed in practice. 10

11 Article 7 - Right of children and young persons to protection Paragraph 10 - Special protection against physical and moral dangers The Committee takes note of the information contained in the report submitted by Netherlands. Protection against sexual exploitation The Committee notes from the report that the situation which it has previously considered to be in conformity with the Charter has not changed. In reply to the Committee's question the report states that following the amendments, the Article 240b of the Criminal Code provides for longer maximum sentence where for the possession, production, distribution of child pornography is habitual or for gain. The Committee also notes from the report that the Government is taking steps to improve the system for recording data on child prostitution. Since 2008 Rotterdam has a social worker specifically responsible for helping boys who are being exploited in prostitution. The Committee notes from another source 1 that in its priority actions required ECPAT names strengthening of the capacities of law enforcers and the judiciary to enable the police to identify potential victims with a view to preventing their exploitation. Besides, child sex tourism can only be properly tackled if there is more active involvement on the part of trade organisations and the Government to promote corporate social responsibility in outbound tourism. Moreover, according to ECPAT, the sexual exploitation of children, including child sex tourism, should be addressed in the curricula of various training courses, such as those for social workers, educators, health professionals and law enforcers. The Committee asks what measures are taken to reduce risks of sexual exploitation relating to sex tourism. Protection against the misuse of information technologies In its previous conclusion the Committee asked what measures were taken to protect children against the misuse of information technologies. In reply the report states that following the ratification of the Council of Europe's Convention on the Protection of Children Against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse criminal legislation has been amended so that the offence in respect of child pornography has been widened to include 'obtaining access to child pornography'. A new provision has been introduced to make 'grooming' a criminal offence. According to Article 248e of the Criminal Code any person who proposes through the use of information and communication technologies to meet a person whom he knows has not yet reached the age of sixteen (the age of sexual consent) with the intention of committing indecent acts will be liable to a term of imprisonment of not more than two years. The Committee notes from ECPAT that structured and continuous awareness raising among children on how to use internet communication safely is needed. Ideally, according to ECPAT preventing sexual exploitation should be incorporated in the school curriculum, with sex education and assertiveness training, beginning at primary school. The Committee asks what measures are taken in this respect. Protection from other forms of exploitation In its previous conclusion the Committee asked whether there are special programmes to assist children involved in begging (and where appropriate their families) as well as measures taken to protect and assist children from economic exploitation. It notes from the report that exploitation of children by means of forced begging is a relatively new and still fairly rare phenomenon in the Netherlands. In 2008 the Child Protection Board drafted guidelines for dealing with children from Eastern Europe who are involved in activities such as begging. A policy has been developed for this purpose in the municipalities of Den Bosch and Amsterdam. In cases in which parental responsibility is not exercised, the Child Protection Board asks the courts to transfer parental responsibility to an agency. The Child Protection Board may also request the courts to make a supervision order where the parents abuse or do not exercise their authority. 11

12 According to the report figures are available on the number of child victims of human trafficking in general (without any breakdown by type of exploitation) and on the victims of economic exploitation in general. The national policy on these groups of children is the same as the policy for all other children who are victims of child abuse and human trafficking. Youth protection measures apply to children regardless of whether they are legally or illegally resident in the Netherlands. Pending receipt of the information requested, the Committee concludes that the situation in the Netherlands is in conformity with the Article 7 10 of the Charter

13 Article 8 - Right of employed women to protection of maternity Paragraph 1 - Maternity leave The right to maternity leave The Work and Care Act entitles employees to sixteen weeks of maternity leave. The Working Hours Act prohibits employees from working during the four weeks before childbirth and six weeks after childbirth. The Committee asks confirmation that this also covers women employed in the public sector. The right to maternity benefits As regards conditions which must be fulfilled for receipt of maternity benefits, the Committee notes from another source 1 that if you are employed in the Netherlands and are insured in your own right, you are entitled to maternity benefits. The employee must apply through the employer to the Executive Institute for Employee Insurances at least 2 weeks before maternity leave. The Committee asks whether the same framework applies to women employed in the public sector. Pending receipt of the information requested, the Committee concludes that the situation in the Netherlands is in conformity with Article 8 1 of the Charter. 1 Website of the European Commission, Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities: m Article 8 - Right of employed women to protection of maternity Paragraph 2 - Illegality of dismissal Prohibition of dismissal The situation was previously found to be in conformity with Article 8 2 of the 1961 Charter (s XVII-2). From the report, there has been no change in the situation. Considering that the situation has now to be examined in respect of the Charter which affords wider protection to pregnant women in that the prohibition of dismissal must start at least from the moment that the employee's pregnancy has been notified to the employer, the Committee has to re-examine the domestic legal framework in this light. Article 7:670 2 of the Civil Code prohibits dismissal during the period of pregnancy and maternity leave and during the six weeks that follow maternity leave. The situation is therefore in conformity with Article 8 2 in this respect. In reply to the Committee's question on whether the consent of a court is required for the termination of the employment contract of a pregnant woman or a woman on maternity leave or during the six weeks that follow the end of maternity leave, the report indicates that employers apply to civil courts in order to terminate an employment contract. The competent court will then decide whether the employment contract may be terminated or not, and whether compensation must be paid and if so how much. There is no limit to the amount of compensation that can be awarded in this context. Consequences of unlawful dismissal The Committee already found that in case of unlawful dismissal during the protected period the employee concerned may take action within two months of the purported dismissal and claim that it is void. The employer then has to pay the employee or she is entitled to take legal action for non- 13

14 payment of wages. Alternatively, the employee, after the expiry of two months, may bring action for manifestly unreasonable dismissal before the District Court and can apply for compensation and reinstatement. The Committee asks again whether in such cases there are any limits to the amount of compensation that may be awarded by the court, in particular if there is no reintegration. If there is, it asks whether this upper limit covers both pecuniary and non-pecuniary damage or whether unlimited non-pecuniary damage can also be sought by the victim through other legal avenues (e.g. antidiscrimination legislation). It also asks whether both types of compensation are awarded by the same courts, and how long it takes on average for courts to award compensation. Should the next report not provide the information requested, there will be nothing to establish that the situation is in conformity. The Committee asks whether the same regime regarding dismissals applies to women employed in the public sector. Pending receipt of the information requested, the Committee concludes that the situation in the Netherlands is in conformity with Article 8 2 of the Charter. Article 8 - Right of employed women to protection of maternity Paragraph 3 - Time off for nursing mothers The situation was previously found to be in conformity (s XVII-2). The Working Hours Act entitles employees who are breastfeeding a child up to nine months to paid breaks of up to a maximum of 25% of their working hours. The Committee asks whether this also applies to women employed in the public service. Pending receipt of the information requested, the Committee concludes that the situation in the Netherlands is in conformity with Article 8 3 of the Charter. Article 8 - Right of employed women to protection of maternity Paragraph 4 - Regulation of night work The situation regarding the regulation of night work was previously found to be in conformity with Article 8 4 of the 1961 Charter. However, the report indicates that, according to the Working Hours Act, pregnant women cannot in principle be required to carry out night work unless their employer gives weighty reasons whereby it cannot reasonably be expected of him or her to adapt the employee's work (Section 4:5 paragraph 5). In this respect, the Committee refers to its conclusion on Article 2 7 on night work (s 2010) in which a number of questions on the rules on night work laid down by the Working Hours Act, as amended on 1 April 2007, were raised. The Committee asked whether a medical check-up is carried out before an employee is assigned to night work, allowing for a transfer to daytime work for health reasons. This question appears to be of particular relevance for pregnant women, women having recently given birth and those who breastfeed their children. In addition, the Committee asks how courts interpret the above-mentioned notion of "weighty reasons". It underlines that should the next report not provide this information there will be nothing to establish that the situation is in conformity on that point. The Committee asks whether the same regulation applies to women employed in the public sector. 14

15 Pending receipt of the information requested, the Committee defers its conclusion. Article 8 - Right of employed women to protection of maternity Paragraph 5 - Prohibition of dangerous, unhealthy or arduous work The Committee previously found the situation to be in conformity regarding the prohibition of dangerous, unhealthy and arduous work under Article 8 4 of the 1961 Charter (s XVII-2), which now comes within the scope of Article 8 5 of the Charter by which the Netherlands is now bound. The report indicates that according to the Working Conditions Decree specific attention is paid in the risk assessment of the work of the employee concerned to the non-exhaustive list of agents, processes and conditions included in EU Directive 92/85/EEC. Pursuant to Section 1.42 of the aforementioned Decree, employers are required to organise the work in such a way that there are no risks to pregnant or breastfeeding employees and no ill-effects on pregnancy and breastfeeding. For example, pregnant and breastfeeding women may not be exposed to lead and lead compounds or to biological agents (toxoplasma, rubella), nor may they work in a hyperbaric atmosphere. The Committee notes from the above-mentioned Decree that if the employee's work represents a risk to her health that is not avoidable by changing her working conditions or hours, or if she cannot be temporarily transferred to another work, she is exempt from her duties while the risk persists. The Committee asks whether in such cases her leave will be paid and whether she has a right to reinstatement when her condition permits it. The Committee asks whether this also applies to women employed in the public sector. Pending receipt of the information requested, the Committee defers its conclusion. 15

16 Article 16 - Right of the family to social, legal and economic protection As the notion of the family is variable, the Charter applies to every family according to the definition of this notion in domestic law. The Committee asks that the next report indicate how the family is defined in domestic law. Social protection of families Housing for families The Netherlands has accepted Article 31 of the Charter on the right to housing. As all aspects of housing of families covered by Article 16 are also covered by Article 31, for states that have accepted both articles, the Committee refers to Article 31 on matters relating to the housing of families. Childcare facilities The Committee notes that as Netherlands has accepted Article 27 of the Charter, measures taken to develop and promote child day care structures are examined under that provision. Family counselling services Families must have access to appropriate social services, particularly when they are in difficulty. States are required in particular to set up family counselling services and services providing psychological support for children s education. The Committee asks for up-to-date information on family counselling services to be included in the next report. Participation of associations representing families To ensure that families views are catered for when family policies are framed, the authorities must consult associations representing families. The Committee asks for information in the next report on the participation of relevant associations representing families in the framing of family policies. Legal protection of families Rights and obligations of spouses In its previous conclusions (s XVII-1 and XVIII-1), the Committee asked for information about the follow-up to the bill being introduced to amend the rules on estates held in common, because this bill was still being examined in Parliament. According to the report, a motion has been tabled in Parliament to investigate which Sections in Titles 6 to 8 of Book 1 of the Civil Code concerning community of property should be amended. The Committee asks for information in the next report on the amendments. In its previous conclusion (s XVIII-1), the Committee asked for information about the bill on the maintenance of parental duties in the event of divorce. Under the Shared Parenting and Responsible Divorce and Separation Act of 1 March 2009, parents who separate or divorce are obliged to make agreements about the care of their minor children, and to set these agreements out in a parenting plan (ouderschapsplan). The underlying principle is that the parents continue to share authority over their children after the separation or divorce. The parenting plan must include information on the division of care responsibilities, child maintenance payments and the exchange of information concerning their children or their children s property. Parents can call in a mediator to help them draw up the plan. Judges can also refer parents to a mediator. Mediation services The Committee asks for information in the next report on access to family mediation services, whether they are free of charge, how they are distributed across the country and how effective they are. 16

17 Domestic violence against women The Social Support Act came into force in January It requires municipalities to provide assistance for victims of domestic violence. Municipalities are also responsible for adopting policies to reduce domestic violence and opening advice and support centres for victims of domestic violence. In reply to the Committee s question, the report states that there is a national network of 41 advice and support centres. The Temporary Domestic Exclusion Order Act entered into force on 1 January Under domestic exclusion orders, where there is an acute threat (or serious grounds for suspicion of an acute threat), a perpetrator of domestic violence is excluded from his or her home and is forbidden from contacting his or her partner or children for a period of ten days. During that period, assistance programmes are provided for all the persons concerned. Mayors can extend the exclusion orders for up to four weeks. Economic protection of families Family benefits The Committee considers that, in order to comply with Article 16, child allowances must constitute an adequate income supplement, which is the case when they represent a significant percentage of median equivalised income. According to MISSOC 1, in 2009, the amounts of the basic universal child allowance were different for children born before and after The monthly allowance for the children born after 1995 was (up to 6 years), (6 to 11 years), and (12 to 18 years). The Committee notes that these amounts per month correspond to 3.9%, 4.7% and 5.5% of monthly median equivalised income. It also notes that the allowance for families with children up to 6 and children aged 6-11 is low (3.9% and 4.7%) and it therefore asks that the next report contain detailed information on the impact of other types of benefits and tax reliefs for this group of families. Meanwhile, it reserves its position on this point. Vulnerable families In its last conclusion (s XVIII-1), the Committee noted that under the Income Tax Act of 2001, single-parent families, like any other family, are entitled to child tax credit. They are also entitled to combination tax credit if their households include a child under 12 for more than six months in a given calendar year, the parent works and household earnings exceed 4,306. The Committee noted however that single-parent families do not often have high enough incomes and hence do not pay enough taxes to benefit from these tax relief measures. According to the report, on 1 January 2008 the child tax credit (kinderkorting) was replaced by a means-tested child allowance (kindgebonden budget). As a result lower-income families also benefit. The guaranteed minimum income for single parents receiving social assistance is higher than for other single people (90% of the statutory minimum wage as opposed to 70% of the statutory minimum wage for single people). Single parents also receive the single-parent tax credit (alleenstaande ouderkorting) in full. States' positive obligations under Article 16 include implementing means to ensure the economic protection of various categories of vulnerable families, including Roma families. The Committee consequently asks what measures are taken to ensure the economic protection of Roma families. Equal treatment of foreign nationals and stateless persons with regard to family benefits The Committee asks if nationals of other non-eu/eea states party residing or working lawfully in the Netherlands enjoy equal treatment with regard to the payment of family benefits. 17

18 Pending receipt of the information requested the Committee concludes that the situation in the Netherlands is in conformity with Article 16 of the Charter. 1 European Commission publication, MISSOC, Social protection in the Member States of the European Union, the European Economic Area and Switzerland, Situation on 1 July 2009, comparative tables (http://ec.europa.eu/employment_social/missoc/db/public/comparetables.do) 18

19 Article 17 - Right of children and young persons to social, legal and economic protection Paragraph 1 - Assistance, education and training The Committee takes note of the information contained in the report submitted by Netherlands. Status of the child The Committee notes that there have been no changes to the situation which it has previously held to be in conformity with the Charter. Protection of children from ill treatment and abuse In its previous conclusion (s XVII-2) the Committee held that the situation in the Netherlands was not in conformity with Article 17 of the Charter as all forms of violence against children were not prohibited. In this connection it notes from the report that on 25 April 2007 an amendment to the Civil Code prohibiting the use of all forms of violence, including for educational purposes, entered into force, which explicitly imposes a duty on parents to refrain from using any form of mental or physical violence in raising their children. The Committee notes from another source 1 that following this amendment, corporal punishment is as well prohibited in alternative care settings. The Committee notes that the situation has been brought into conformity in this regard. Education As regards the right to accessible and effective education, the Committee refers to its conclusion under Article Children in public care In reply to the questions asked by the Committee in its previous conclusion, the report states that in ,429 children were placed in peripatetic care, 6,697 in foster care and 6,081 in residential care. In addition, a secure youth care has been set up which is a restricted type of residential care and where 1,493 children were placed in 2008.T he groups in secure youth care consist of a maximum ten children. As regards guardians, they are responsible for ensuring that a child is well cared for and raised in a foster family or care institution. The guardian is also the child's legal representative and is responsible for the proper management of the child's estate. Guardianship ends when the child reaches the age of majority. The Committee notes from the report that as of 2013 there will be two recognised professions in youth care institutions, that of 'youth care worker' and 'behavioural scientist specialising in youth care'. The Committee wishes to be informed about these developments. According to the report all youth care providers and national institutions have a complaints mechanism in place as of The Youth Care Inspectorate receives complaints and refers them back to the complaints committees. The findings of the complaints committees are not binding on the institutions in question. Nevertheless, complaints found to be justified are often followed up and management draws up plans for improvement on the basis of the Committees' annual reports. Besides, the National Ombudsman also receives complaints and issues a report regarding some cases. All clients in youth care, including children themselves and their parents, may lodge a complaint. The Committee asks what follow up has been given to these complaints. The Committee further recalls (s XV-2, Statement of Interpretation on Article 17 1, p.29) that any restriction or limitation of parents custodial rights should be based on criteria laid down in legislation, and should not go beyond what is necessary for the protection and best interest of the child and the rehabilitation of the family. The Committee has held that it should only be possible to take a child into custody in order to be placed outside his/her home if such a measure is based on adequate and reasonable criteria laid down in legislation. The Committee asks what are the criteria for the restriction of custody or parental rights and what is the extent of such restrictions. It also asks what are the procedural safeguards to ensure that children are removed from their families only in exceptional 19

20 circumstances. It further asks whether the national law provides for a possibility to lodge an appeal against a decision to restrict parental rights, to take a child into public care or to restrict the right of access of the child's closest family. Young offenders In its previous conclusion the Committee asked what were the criteria of admission to different types of treatment centres. According to the report a court judgement is the only criterion for admission. It determines whether the juvenile in question will be remanded to an institution for young offenders and for how long. The choice of institution depends on person's sex, place of residence, IQ and the problem at issue. In its previous conclusion the Committee asked whether any young offenders were indeed sentenced to life imprisonment or an imprisonment of up to 20 years. In this regard, the report states that juveniles who are 16 or 17 years old at the time they commit offence may be tried under adult criminal law if the court sees fit. However, a life sentence may not be imposed on them under the adult criminal law (Article 77b, paragraph 2, Criminal Code), amended in According to the report of the Commissioner for Human Rights 2, following the 2008 amendment the Netherlands no longer allows life imprisonment sentences to minors. However, according to his report, pursuant to the Kingdom of the Netherlands reservation under Article 37 (c) of the CRC, juveniles aged 16 and 17 can be tried under adult criminal law and condemned to prison sentences of up to 30 years. The judge decides on the application of adult criminal law by considering the nature of the offence and the shock caused to society (Art. 77b of the Criminal Code). Such sentences are executed in an institution for adults. In the discussions with the authorities, the Commissioner argued for the separation of minors and adults in all detention facilities and for the application of juvenile criminal law even in serious offences. In addition, the Commissioner finds that the wide margin given to the criminal judge under article 77b of the Criminal Code falls short of the precision and certainty that criminal law should guarantee. Moreover, according to the Commissioner, the policy to incarcerate juveniles in prisons for adults contravenes international treaties and standards, notably the CRC and the Havana Rules, setting the Kingdom of the Netherlands aside from the practice in most European states. The Committee recalls that in the meaning of Article 17 1 prison sentences should only exceptionally be imposed on young offenders. They should only be of a short duration. Therefore, the Committee considers that a prison sentence of up to 30 years is excessive. The Committee further recalls that young offenders should not serve their sentence together with adult prisoners. Therefore, Committee considers that the possibility for minors in the Netherlands to serve their sentence with adults is contrary to the Charter. The Committee notes that the number of juveniles order to be held in pre-trial detention decreased from 2,319 in 2007 to 1,852 in The Committee asks what is the maximum length of pre-trial detention. Follow up to Defence for Children International (DCI) v. Netherlands, Complaint No. 47/2008, decision on the merits of 20 October 2009 The Committee refers to its on Article 31 2 and recalls that in its decision on the merits of 20 October 2009 in Complaint No. 47/2008 Defence for Children International, 71 it held that the obligations related to the provision of shelter under Article 17 1 are identical in substance with those related to the provision of shelter under Article Insofar as the Committee has found a violation under Article 31 2 on the ground that shelter is not provided to children unlawfully present in the Netherlands for as long as they are in its jurisdiction, the Committee also found a violation of Article 17 1 of the Charter on the same ground. The Committee notes that the situation has not changed, therefore it reiterates its finding of non-conformity on this ground. 20

ADVANCE UNEDITED VERSION

ADVANCE UNEDITED VERSION Committee against Torture Forty-fifth session 1-19 November 2010 List of issues prior to the submission of the second periodic report of Qatar (CAT/C/QAT/2) 1 ADVANCE UNEDITED VERSION Specific information

More information

The Netherlands Institute for Human Rights Submission

The Netherlands Institute for Human Rights Submission The Netherlands Institute for Human Rights Submission to the 69 th session of the Committee on the Rights of the Child concerning the 4 th Periodic Report of the Kingdom of the Netherlands April 2015 Table

More information

Queensland DRUG REHABILITATION (COURT DIVERSION) ACT 2000

Queensland DRUG REHABILITATION (COURT DIVERSION) ACT 2000 Queensland DRUG REHABILITATION (COURT DIVERSION) ACT 2000 Act No. 3 of 2000 Queensland DRUG REHABILITATION (COURT DIVERSION) ACT 2000 Section TABLE OF PROVISIONS PART 1 PRELIMINARY Page 1 Short title.....................................................

More information

No. 44/2006 PART I GENERAL PROVISIONS AND AUTHORITY ENFORCEMENT

No. 44/2006 PART I GENERAL PROVISIONS AND AUTHORITY ENFORCEMENT Ministry of Social Affairs and Health Unofficial translation No. 44/2006 Act on Occupational Safety and Health Enforcement and Cooperation on Occupational Safety and Health at Workplaces (as amended by

More information

GENDER EQUALITY AND WOMEN S RIGHTS. Council of Europe Standards

GENDER EQUALITY AND WOMEN S RIGHTS. Council of Europe Standards GENDER EQUALITY AND WOMEN S RIGHTS Council of Europe Standards G ender equality is central to the protection of human rights, the functioning of democracy, respect for the rule of law, and economic growth

More information

Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography

Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child CRC/C/OPSC/VEN/CO/1 Distr.: General 19 September 2014 Original: English ADVANCE UNEDITED VERSION Committee on the Rights of the Child Optional Protocol

More information

EU Employment Law Euro Info Centre December 2006

EU Employment Law Euro Info Centre December 2006 EU Employment Law Euro Info Centre December 2006 CONTENTS EU Employment Law 2 1. Anti-discrimination 2 2 2 2. Equal treatment of men and women in the workplace 3 3 3 3. Fixed and part time work including

More information

European Social Charter. European Committee of Social Rights. Conclusions XIX-4 (2011) (POLAND) Articles 7, 8, 16, 17 and 19 of the Charter

European Social Charter. European Committee of Social Rights. Conclusions XIX-4 (2011) (POLAND) Articles 7, 8, 16, 17 and 19 of the Charter January 2012 European Social Charter European Committee of Social Rights s XIX-4 (2011) (POLAND) Articles 7, 8, 16, 17 and 19 of the Charter This text may be subject to editorial revision. Introduction

More information

Act on Compensation for Criminal Damage

Act on Compensation for Criminal Damage JLS/1374/05-EN NB: Unofficial translation Act on Compensation for Criminal Damage (935/1973; amendments up to 675/2002 included) General provisions Section 1 (63/1984) (1) Compensation shall be paid from

More information

OPTIONAL PROTOCOL TO THE CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD ON THE SALE OF CHILDREN, CHILD PROSTITUTION AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY

OPTIONAL PROTOCOL TO THE CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD ON THE SALE OF CHILDREN, CHILD PROSTITUTION AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY [ ENGLISH TEXT TEXTE ANGLAIS ] OPTIONAL PROTOCOL TO THE CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD ON THE SALE OF CHILDREN, CHILD PROSTITUTION AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY The States Parties to the present Protocol,

More information

NEED FOR LEGISLATION REGULATING PLACEMENT/ EMPLOYMENT AGENCIES. Background statement of objects and reasons

NEED FOR LEGISLATION REGULATING PLACEMENT/ EMPLOYMENT AGENCIES. Background statement of objects and reasons NEED FOR LEGISLATION REGULATING PLACEMENT/ EMPLOYMENT AGENCIES Prepared by National commission for Women Background statement of objects and reasons The issue of exploitation of women and children domestic

More information

COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION. Brussels, 17 December 2003 (OR. en) 14994/03. Interinstitutional File: 2002/0043 (CNS) MIGR 101

COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION. Brussels, 17 December 2003 (OR. en) 14994/03. Interinstitutional File: 2002/0043 (CNS) MIGR 101 COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION Brussels, 17 December 2003 (OR. en) Interinstitutional File: 2002/0043 (CNS) 14994/03 MIGR 101 LEGISLATIVE ACTS AND OTHER INSTRUMTS Subject : Council Directive on the residence

More information

Bill for the Protection of Women and Family Members Against Domestic Violence

Bill for the Protection of Women and Family Members Against Domestic Violence Bill for the Protection of Women and Family Members Against Domestic Violence Article 1: The provisions of the present law shall apply to domestic violence as per the rules established in the Articles

More information

Questionnaire on principles of public prosecution as regards juvenile justice for Consultative Council of European Prosecutors (CCPE)

Questionnaire on principles of public prosecution as regards juvenile justice for Consultative Council of European Prosecutors (CCPE) THE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA THE OFFICE OF THE STATE ATTORNEY GENERAL OF THE REPUBLIC OF CROATIA No: A-14/10 Zagreb, 11th January 2010 MK/SP SUBJECT: Questionnaire on principles of public prosecution as regards

More information

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 2200A (XXI) of 16 December 1966 entry into force

More information

Act on the Protection of Privacy in Working Life (759/2004)

Act on the Protection of Privacy in Working Life (759/2004) NB: Unofficial translation Ministry of Labour, Finland Chapter 1 - General provisions Section 1 Purpose of the act Act on the Protection of Privacy in Working Life (759/2004) The purpose of this Act is

More information

Modern Slavery Act 2015

Modern Slavery Act 2015 Modern Slavery Act 2015 CHAPTER 30 Explanatory Notes have been produced to assist in the understanding of this Act and are available separately 14.25 Modern Slavery Act 2015 CHAPTER 30 CONTENTS PART 1

More information

FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION ACT (ZPND) Article 1 (Purpose of the Act)

FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION ACT (ZPND) Article 1 (Purpose of the Act) FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION ACT (ZPND) Part One: GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1 (Purpose of the Act) (1) This Act defines the notion of violence in families, the role and tasks of state authorities, holders

More information

FACT SHEET: A summary of the rights under the Convention on the Rights of the Child

FACT SHEET: A summary of the rights under the Convention on the Rights of the Child FACT SHEET: A summary of the rights under the Convention on the Rights of the Child Article 1 (Definition of the child): The Convention defines a 'child' as a person below the age of 18, unless the laws

More information

GUIDE TO EMPLOYMENT LAW IN GUERNSEY

GUIDE TO EMPLOYMENT LAW IN GUERNSEY GUIDE TO EMPLOYMENT LAW IN GUERNSEY CONTENTS PREFACE 1 1. Written Statement of Terms and Conditions 2 2. Written Statement of Pay and Deductions 3 3. Written Statement of Reasons for a Dismissal 3 4. Minimum

More information

CRC/C/OPSC/SWE/CO/1. Convention on the Rights of the Child. United Nations

CRC/C/OPSC/SWE/CO/1. Convention on the Rights of the Child. United Nations United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child CRC/C/OPSC/SWE/CO/1 Distr.: General 23 January 2012 Original: English Committee on the Rights of the Child Fifty-eighth session 19 September 7 October

More information

Crimes (Serious Sex Offenders) Act 2006 No 7

Crimes (Serious Sex Offenders) Act 2006 No 7 New South Wales Crimes (Serious Sex Offenders) Act 2006 No 7 Contents Part 1 Part 2 Preliminary Page 1 Name of Act 2 2 Commencement 2 3 Objects of Act 2 4 Definitions 2 5 Definitions of serious sex offence

More information

EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTS ACT

EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTS ACT Proclaimed by Resolution No. 421 of the President of the Republic of 12 January 2009 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTS ACT Passed on 17 December 2008 (RT I 2009, 5, 35), entered into force 1 July 2009. Amended by the

More information

Chapter one: Definitions. Chapter Two: Conditions for Employment

Chapter one: Definitions. Chapter Two: Conditions for Employment FOREIIGN WORKERS ((Prrohiibiittiion off unllawffull emplloymentt and assurrance off ffaiirr condiittiions)) LAW,, 5751--1991 Chapter one: Definitions 1. In this law - Foreign worker - worker who is not

More information

Queensland DANGEROUS PRISONERS (SEXUAL OFFENDERS) ACT 2003

Queensland DANGEROUS PRISONERS (SEXUAL OFFENDERS) ACT 2003 Queensland DANGEROUS PRISONERS (SEXUAL OFFENDERS) ACT 2003 Act No. 40 of 2003 Queensland DANGEROUS PRISONERS (SEXUAL OFFENDERS) ACT 2003 TABLE OF PROVISIONS Section Page PART 1 PRELIMINARY 1 Short title....................................................

More information

Advance copy of the authentic text. The copy certified by the Secretary-General will be issued at a later time.

Advance copy of the authentic text. The copy certified by the Secretary-General will be issued at a later time. PROTOCOL TO PREVENT, SUPPRESS AND PUNISH TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS, ESPECIALLY WOMEN AND CHILDREN, SUPPLEMENTING THE UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION AGAINST TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME Advance copy of the authentic

More information

ACT ON LIABILITY FOR NUCLEAR DAMAGE

ACT ON LIABILITY FOR NUCLEAR DAMAGE ACT ON LIABILITY FOR NUCLEAR DAMAGE Published in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia - International Treaties, No. 77/2010 UNOFFICIAL TRANSLATION I. GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1 (Contents)

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/ETH/Q/6-7 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Distr.: General 4 November 2010 Original: English Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination

More information

Primary Health Care Act (66/1972)

Primary Health Care Act (66/1972) Unofficial translation Ministry of Social Affairs and Health Primary Health Care Act (66/1972) Chapter 1. Primary health care Section 1. (928/2005) (1) Primary health care means health promotion addressing

More information

PARTICIPANTS PAPERS THE MALDIVES CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM AN ALTERNATIVE METHOD FOR PUNISHMENT. Haleem Mohamed*

PARTICIPANTS PAPERS THE MALDIVES CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM AN ALTERNATIVE METHOD FOR PUNISHMENT. Haleem Mohamed* PARTICIPANTS PAPERS THE MALDIVES CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM AN ALTERNATIVE METHOD FOR PUNISHMENT Haleem Mohamed* I. INTRODUCTION The Maldives legal system is based on the principles of shariah and other legislation,

More information

Annual Holidays Act (162/2005) (as amended by the Act No 1448/2007) Chapter 1 General Provisions

Annual Holidays Act (162/2005) (as amended by the Act No 1448/2007) Chapter 1 General Provisions NB: Unofficial translation Ministry of Employment and the Economy, Finland January 2010 Annual Holidays Act (162/2005) (as amended by the Act No 1448/2007) Chapter 1 General Provisions Section 1 Scope

More information

Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others

Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others Approved by General Assembly resolution 317 (IV) of 2 December 1949 Preamble Entry into force:

More information

Protection from Harassment Bill

Protection from Harassment Bill Protection from Harassment Bill Bill No. 12/2014. Read the first time on 3rd March 2014. PROTECTION FROM HARASSMENT ACT 2014 (No. of 2014) Section ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS PART I PRELIMINARY 1. Short title

More information

The Immigration (European Economic Area) Regulations 2006

The Immigration (European Economic Area) Regulations 2006 STATUTORY INSTRUMENTS 2006 No. 1003 IMMIGRATION The Immigration (European Economic Area) Regulations 2006 Made - - - - - 30th March 2006 Laid before Parliament 4th April 2006 Coming into force - - 30th

More information

For Inter-Generational Fairness

For Inter-Generational Fairness For Inter-Generational Fairness Labour standards dealing with differences in treatment: guide and interpretation In 2001, provisions prohibiting the recourse to differences in treatment, also known as

More information

Law of Georgia on Combating Human Trafficking. (Adopted on 28 April 2006, entered into force in 16 June 2006) Chapter I. General Provisions

Law of Georgia on Combating Human Trafficking. (Adopted on 28 April 2006, entered into force in 16 June 2006) Chapter I. General Provisions Law of Georgia on Combating Human Trafficking (Adopted on 28 April 2006, entered into force in 16 June 2006) Chapter I. General Provisions Article 1. Scope of Regulation This Law determines the organizational

More information

Employment law solicitors

Employment law solicitors Employment law solicitors At Millbank solicitors we are dedicated to providing prompt and practical employment advice to both employers and employees. Our expert lawyers appreciate and understand the ever

More information

BELIZE CERTIFIED INSTITUTIONS (CHILDREN S REFORMATION) ACT CHAPTER 121 REVISED EDITION 2000 SHOWING THE LAW AS AT 31ST DECEMBER, 2000

BELIZE CERTIFIED INSTITUTIONS (CHILDREN S REFORMATION) ACT CHAPTER 121 REVISED EDITION 2000 SHOWING THE LAW AS AT 31ST DECEMBER, 2000 BELIZE CERTIFIED INSTITUTIONS (CHILDREN S REFORMATION) ACT CHAPTER 121 REVISED EDITION 2000 SHOWING THE LAW AS AT 31ST DECEMBER, 2000 This is a revised edition of the law, prepared by the Law Revision

More information

Abusive Behaviour and Sexual Harm (Scotland) Bill [AS AMENDED AT STAGE 2]

Abusive Behaviour and Sexual Harm (Scotland) Bill [AS AMENDED AT STAGE 2] Abusive Behaviour and Sexual Harm (Scotland) Bill [AS AMENDED AT STAGE 2] Section CONTENTS PART 1 ABUSIVE BEHAVIOUR Abusive behaviour towards partner or ex-partner 1 Aggravation of offence where abuse

More information

Thailand. Introduction. Terminations. Restrictions On Employers

Thailand. Introduction. Terminations. Restrictions On Employers Thailand Introduction The major laws that determine the relationship between employers and employees in Thailand are the Civil and Commercial Code, the Labor Relations Law, the Labor Protection Act, the

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/NLD/CO/4 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Distr.: General 2 February 2007 Original: English Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination

More information

Breaking the silence united against domestic violence

Breaking the silence united against domestic violence Breaking the silence united against domestic violence 29 th Council of Europe Conference of Ministers of Justice Report from Portugal Domestic violence is neither a recent phenomenon nor a problem pertaining

More information

VERŻJONI ELETTRONIKA. A Bill entitled

VERŻJONI ELETTRONIKA. A Bill entitled C 1165 A Bill entitled AN ACT to provide for the treatment of persons in possession of small quantities of prohibited drugs for personal use and for other measures for the rehabilitation of persons suffering

More information

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women United Nations CEDAW/C/DEU/Q/6 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Distr.: General 12 August 2008 Original: English ADVANCE UNEDITED VERSION Committee on the Elimination

More information

Act on Compensation for Crime Damage

Act on Compensation for Crime Damage NB: Unofficial translation Ministry of Justice Act on Compensation for Crime Damage (935/1973) General provisions Section 1 (63/1984) (1) Compensation shall be paid from State funds for injury or damage

More information

SCHEDULES. SCHEDULE 1 Section 1(3). THE ARTICLES PART I THE CONVENTION RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS ARTICLE 2

SCHEDULES. SCHEDULE 1 Section 1(3). THE ARTICLES PART I THE CONVENTION RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS ARTICLE 2 Human Rights Act 1998 (c. 42) 1 SCHEDULES SCHEDULE 1 Section 1(3). THE ARTICLES PART I THE CONVENTION RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS ARTICLE 2 RIGHT TO LIFE 1 Everyone s right to life shall be protected by law. No

More information

COUNCIL OF EUROPE COMMITTEE OF MINISTERS

COUNCIL OF EUROPE COMMITTEE OF MINISTERS COUNCIL OF EUROPE COMMITTEE OF MINISTERS Recommendation Rec(2006)8 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on assistance to crime victims (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 14 June 2006 at

More information

Model Spent Convictions Bill - Consultation paper

Model Spent Convictions Bill - Consultation paper Model Spent Convictions Bill - Consultation paper Background The Standing Committee of Attorneys-General is working on a project to design a national model Bill for a spent-convictions scheme. A spentconvictions

More information

Holidays Act (consolidated text Dec 2003)

Holidays Act (consolidated text Dec 2003) Página 1 de 14 Holidays Act Passed 4 April 2001 (RT 1 I 2001, 42, 233), entered into force 1 January 2002, amended by the following Acts: 10.12.2003 entered into force 01.01.2004 - RT I 2003, 82, 549;

More information

AN ACT RELATING TO SEX OFFENDERS; REQUIRING ADDITIONAL REGISTRATION INFORMATION; REQUIRING SEX OFFENDERS TO REGISTER AND UPDATE

AN ACT RELATING TO SEX OFFENDERS; REQUIRING ADDITIONAL REGISTRATION INFORMATION; REQUIRING SEX OFFENDERS TO REGISTER AND UPDATE AN ACT RELATING TO SEX OFFENDERS; REQUIRING ADDITIONAL REGISTRATION INFORMATION; REQUIRING SEX OFFENDERS TO REGISTER AND UPDATE INFORMATION WITHIN FIVE BUSINESS DAYS; PROVIDING FOR VERIFICATION OF REGISTRATION;

More information

SEAMEN S ANNUAL HOLIDAYS ACT (433/1984) (as amended by several acts, including No. 1071/2013)

SEAMEN S ANNUAL HOLIDAYS ACT (433/1984) (as amended by several acts, including No. 1071/2013) NB: Unofficial translation Ministry of Employment and the Economy, Finland July 2014 SEAMEN S ANNUAL HOLIDAYS ACT (433/1984) (as amended by several acts, including No. 1071/2013) 1. Scope of application

More information

W4MP Guide: Employment Rights

W4MP Guide: Employment Rights W4MP Guide: Employment Rights This guide aims to provide a basic outline of the main employment rights issues that are relevant to staff who are responsible for recruiting new staff, employees of MPs who

More information

LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF GEORGIA ON CITIZENSHIP OF GEORGIA

LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF GEORGIA ON CITIZENSHIP OF GEORGIA /unofficial translation/ LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF GEORGIA ON CITIZENSHIP OF GEORGIA Citizenship is the stable legal relationship of a person with the state which is expressed in the totality of their mutual

More information

CAYMAN ISLANDS. Supplement No. 9 published with Extraordinary Gazette No. 53 of 17th July, 2015. DRUG REHABILITATION COURT LAW.

CAYMAN ISLANDS. Supplement No. 9 published with Extraordinary Gazette No. 53 of 17th July, 2015. DRUG REHABILITATION COURT LAW. CAYMAN ISLANDS Supplement No. 9 published with Extraordinary Gazette No. 53 of 17th July, 2015. DRUG REHABILITATION COURT LAW (2015 Revision) Law 26 of 2006 consolidated with 19 of 2012. Revised under

More information

UNITED NATIONS Press Release Committee on the Rights of the Child 16 January 2009

UNITED NATIONS Press Release Committee on the Rights of the Child 16 January 2009 UNITED NATIONS Press Release Committee on the Rights of the Child 16 January 2009 The Committee on the Rights of the Child this morning reviewed the initial report of the Netherlands on how that country

More information

5. The Model Strategies and Practical Measures are aimed at providing de jure and de

5. The Model Strategies and Practical Measures are aimed at providing de jure and de MODEL STRATEGIES AND PRACTICAL MEASURES ON THE ELIMINATION OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN IN THE FIELD OF CRIME PREVENTION AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE 1. The multifaceted nature of violence against women suggests

More information

Witness Protection Act 1995 No 87

Witness Protection Act 1995 No 87 New South Wales Witness Protection Act 1995 No 87 Status information Currency of version Current version for 5 October 2012 to date (generated 10 October 2012 at 19:15). Legislation on the NSW legislation

More information

Compensation. International framework Marjan Wijers

Compensation. International framework Marjan Wijers Compensation International framework Marjan Wijers Why? Legal basis International human rights law ECrtHR, Rantsev vs Russia and Cyprus (2010): trafficking falls within the scope of Art. 4 ECHR without

More information

Liberty s Briefing: Forced Marriage (Civil Protection) Bill

Liberty s Briefing: Forced Marriage (Civil Protection) Bill Liberty s Briefing: Forced Marriage (Civil Protection) Bill January 2007 1 About Liberty Liberty (The National Council for Civil Liberties) is one of the UK s leading civil liberties and human rights organisations.

More information

Criminal Justice (Scotland) Bill [AS INTRODUCED]

Criminal Justice (Scotland) Bill [AS INTRODUCED] Criminal Justice (Scotland) Bill [AS INTRODUCED] CONTENTS Section PART 1 ARREST AND CUSTODY CHAPTER 1 ARREST BY POLICE 1 Power of a constable 2 Exercise of the power Arrest without warrant Procedure following

More information

Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography

Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography... (for full text of Optional Protocol, see Appendix 2, page 670 and for reporting guidelines, see Appendix 3, page 692)

More information

EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES AND DIVERSITY POLICY 1. GENERAL

EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES AND DIVERSITY POLICY 1. GENERAL EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES AND DIVERSITY POLICY 1. GENERAL 1.1 Juice Resource Solutions Limited embraces diversity and will seek to promote the benefits of diversity in all of our business activities. We will

More information

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS Human Trafficking Act, 2005 Act 694 ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS Section Prohibition and offences relating to trafficking 1. Meaning of trafficking 2. Prohibition of trafficking 3. Provision of trafficked person

More information

CRIMINAL INJURIES COMPENSATION SCHEME: REVISED SCHEME AS ADOPTED BY THE STATES OF JERSEY 14th APRIL 2015

CRIMINAL INJURIES COMPENSATION SCHEME: REVISED SCHEME AS ADOPTED BY THE STATES OF JERSEY 14th APRIL 2015 CRIMINAL INJURIES COMPENSATION SCHEME: REVISED SCHEME AS ADOPTED BY THE STATES OF JERSEY 14th APRIL 2015 Published by the STATES GREFFE for the HOME AFFAIRS DEPARTMENT Page - 2 CRIMINAL INJURIES COMPENSATION

More information

Republic of Estonia Employment Contracts Act Passed 15 April 1992 (RT 1 1992, 15/16, 241), entered into force 1 July 1992, amended by the following

Republic of Estonia Employment Contracts Act Passed 15 April 1992 (RT 1 1992, 15/16, 241), entered into force 1 July 1992, amended by the following Republic of Estonia Employment Contracts Act Passed 15 April 1992 (RT 1 1992, 15/16, 241), entered into force 1 July 1992, amended by the following Acts: 08.12.2004 entered into force 01.01.2005 - RT I

More information

The Republic of Estonia Health Insurance Act

The Republic of Estonia Health Insurance Act The Republic of Estonia Health Insurance Act Passed on 12 June 1991 Entered into force 1 January 1992 (RT 1991, 23,272) Amended by the following Acts: 04.05.1992, 22.03.1994, 18.03.1997,09.12.1998, 18.02.1999,

More information

Contractor s Obligations and Liability when Work is Contracted Out

Contractor s Obligations and Liability when Work is Contracted Out Contractor s Obligations and Liability when Work is Contracted Out Introduction There are many ways of combating the negative effects caused to enterprises by the grey or undeclared economy and unhealthy

More information

Code of Conduct. Version 3, November 2009 BSCI 2.3-11/09

Code of Conduct. Version 3, November 2009 BSCI 2.3-11/09 Code of Conduct Version 3, November 2009 BSCI 2.3-11/09 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, translated, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any

More information

Personal Data Act (1998:204);

Personal Data Act (1998:204); Personal Data Act (1998:204); issued 29 April 1998. Be it enacted as follows. General provisions Purpose of this Act Section 1 The purpose of this Act is to protect people against the violation of their

More information

AN BILLE UM CHIONTÓIRÍ A ATHSHLÁNÚ 2007 REHABILITATION OF OFFENDERS BILL 2007. Mar a tionscnaíodh As initiated ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

AN BILLE UM CHIONTÓIRÍ A ATHSHLÁNÚ 2007 REHABILITATION OF OFFENDERS BILL 2007. Mar a tionscnaíodh As initiated ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS AN BILLE UM CHIONTÓIRÍ A ATHSHLÁNÚ 2007 REHABILITATION OF OFFENDERS BILL 2007 Section 1. Interpretation. Mar a tionscnaíodh As initiated ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS 2. Application to have sentence spent. 3.

More information

Netherlands Nationality Act (as in force on 13 April 2010)

Netherlands Nationality Act (as in force on 13 April 2010) Netherlands Nationality Act (as in force on 13 April 2010) CHAPTER 1. General Provisions Article 1 1. For the purposes of this Kingdom Act and the provisions relying thereon: a. Our Minister means Our

More information

Explanatory Notes to Criminal Justice And Court Services Act

Explanatory Notes to Criminal Justice And Court Services Act Explanatory Notes to Criminal Justice And Court Services Act 2000 Chapter 43 Crown Copyright 2000 Explanatory Notes to Acts of the UK Parliament are subject to Crown Copyright protection. They may be reproduced

More information

Council of the European Union Brussels, 12 September 2014 (OR. en)

Council of the European Union Brussels, 12 September 2014 (OR. en) Council of the European Union Brussels, 12 September 2014 (OR. en) Interinstitutional File: 2013/0409 (COD) 13132/14 NOTE From: To: Presidency DROIPEN 104 COPEN 218 CODEC 1799 Working Party on Substantive

More information

The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction

The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction The States signatory to the present Convention, Firmly convinced that the interests of children are of paramount importance in

More information

FORCED LABOUR WHY IT IS AN ISSUE FOR EMPLOYERS

FORCED LABOUR WHY IT IS AN ISSUE FOR EMPLOYERS FORCED LABOUR WHY IT IS AN ISSUE FOR EMPLOYERS INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATION OF EMPLOYERS SEPTEMBER 2010 INTRODUCTION Although forced labour is universally condemned and banned and many believe that it is

More information

MINISTERIO DE JUSTICIA SECRETARÍA DE ESTADO DE JUSTICIA DIRECCIÓN GENERAL DE COOPERACIÓN JURÍDICA INTERNACIONAL Y RELACIONES CON LAS CONFESIONES

MINISTERIO DE JUSTICIA SECRETARÍA DE ESTADO DE JUSTICIA DIRECCIÓN GENERAL DE COOPERACIÓN JURÍDICA INTERNACIONAL Y RELACIONES CON LAS CONFESIONES SECRETARÍA DE ESTADO DIRECCIÓN GENERAL DE COOPERACIÓN JURÍDICA INTERNACIONAL Y RELACIONES CON LAS CONFESIONES REPLIES TO GREEN PAPER ON STRENGTHENING MUTUAL TRUST IN THE EUROPEAN JUDICIAL AREA APPLICATION

More information

Compulsory Drug Treatment Correctional Centre Act 2004 No 42

Compulsory Drug Treatment Correctional Centre Act 2004 No 42 New South Wales Compulsory Drug Treatment Correctional Centre Act 2004 No 42 Contents Page 1 Name of Act 2 2 Commencement 2 3 Amendment of Drug Court Act 1998 No 150 2 4 Amendment of Crimes (Sentencing

More information

Insolvency of members of a group of companies

Insolvency of members of a group of companies Comments to the new EU regulation on insolvency proceedings Insolvency of members of a group of companies Alberto Díaz Moreno Professor of Corporate & Commercial Law, Universidad de Sevilla Academic Counsel,

More information

ABOUT THE COMMUNITY PAYBACK ORDER

ABOUT THE COMMUNITY PAYBACK ORDER ABOUT THE COMMUNITY PAYBACK ORDER Introduction 1. The Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (the 2010 Act) is the largest piece of legislation introduced into the Scottish Parliament by the

More information

Termination of employment legislation digest

Termination of employment legislation digest Please note that this country profile might not reflect the current state of the law on termination of employment. For updated information, you are invited to consult the EPLex database. Termination of

More information

(1) Sex offenders who have been convicted of: * * * an attempt to commit any offense listed in this subdivision. (a)(1). * * *

(1) Sex offenders who have been convicted of: * * * an attempt to commit any offense listed in this subdivision. (a)(1). * * * House Proposal of Amendment S. 292 An act relating to term probation, the right to bail, medical care of inmates, and a reduction in the number of nonviolent prisoners, probationers, and detainees. The

More information

Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014

Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014 Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014 CHAPTER 11 Explanatory Notes have been produced to assist in the understanding of this Act and are available separately 9. 75 Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014 CHAPTER 11

More information

Economic and Social Council. Concluding observations on the fifth periodic report of Norway*

Economic and Social Council. Concluding observations on the fifth periodic report of Norway* United Nations Economic and Social Council Distr.: General 13 December 2013 E/C.12/NOR/CO/5 Original: English Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Concluding observations on the fifth periodic

More information

On Effect of Constitution on Bankruptcy Law

On Effect of Constitution on Bankruptcy Law Professor of Civil Law, University of Tartu On Effect of Constitution on Bankruptcy Law Pursuant to 3 of the Constitution of the Republic of Estonia, the state authority is exercised solely pursuant to

More information

ORGANISATION OF WORKING TIME ACT, 1997. Explanatory Booklet on Holidays and Public Holidays for Employers and Employees. Web: www.entemp.

ORGANISATION OF WORKING TIME ACT, 1997. Explanatory Booklet on Holidays and Public Holidays for Employers and Employees. Web: www.entemp. ORGANISATION OF WORKING TIME ACT, 1997 Explanatory Booklet on Holidays and Public Holidays for Employers and Employees Web: www.entemp.ie Issued by Department of Enterprise, Trade and Employment 21955

More information

LAW ENFORCEMENT and LEGAL FRAMEWORK (EAST AFRICAN REGION)

LAW ENFORCEMENT and LEGAL FRAMEWORK (EAST AFRICAN REGION) LAW ENFORCEMENT and LEGAL FRAMEWORK (EAST AFRICAN REGION) Presentation by: Japheth Kasimbu (ANPPCAN) BACKGROUND 2007 - ANPPCAN held an international conference on child sexual abuse Issues deliberated

More information

AN ACT. The goals of the alcohol and drug treatment divisions created under this Chapter include the following:

AN ACT. The goals of the alcohol and drug treatment divisions created under this Chapter include the following: ENROLLED Regular Session, 1997 HOUSE BILL NO. 2412 BY REPRESENTATIVE JACK SMITH AN ACT To enact Chapter 33 of Title 13 of the Louisiana Revised Statutes of 1950, comprised of R.S. 13:5301 through 5304,

More information

2006 No. 246 TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT. The Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2006

2006 No. 246 TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT. The Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2006 STATUTORY INSTRUMENTS 2006 No. 246 TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT The Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2006 Made - - - - 6th February 2006 Laid before Parliament 7th

More information

United Nations Study on Violence against Children. Response to the questionnaire received from the Government of the Republic of GUYANA

United Nations Study on Violence against Children. Response to the questionnaire received from the Government of the Republic of GUYANA United Nations Study on Violence against Children Response to the questionnaire received from the Government of the Republic of GUYANA 1 MINISTRY OF LABOUR, HUMAN SERVICES & SOCIAL SECURITY RESPONSE TO

More information

COOK ISLANDS FAMILY LAW BILL. 11 th Triennial of Pacific Women, 16-20 August 2010, Noumea

COOK ISLANDS FAMILY LAW BILL. 11 th Triennial of Pacific Women, 16-20 August 2010, Noumea COOK ISLANDS FAMILY LAW BILL 11 th Triennial of Pacific Women, 16-20 August 2010, Noumea 1 Approaching a New Family Law Bill The UNDP Pacific Centre, after a request from the Cook Islands government, developed

More information

CHINA S REVISED LAW ON THE PROTECTION OF WOMEN S RIGHTS AND INTERESTS1[1]

CHINA S REVISED LAW ON THE PROTECTION OF WOMEN S RIGHTS AND INTERESTS1[1] CHINA S REVISED LAW ON THE PROTECTION OF WOMEN S RIGHTS AND INTERESTS1[1] LAW ON THE PROTECTION OF WOMEN S RIGHTS AND INTERESTS is adopted at the 5th session of the seventh National People s Congress of

More information

Drug Dependants (Treatments and Rehabilitation) 1 LAWS OF MALAYSIA REPRINT. Act 283 DRUG DEPENDANTS (TREATMENT AND REHABILITATION) ACT 1983

Drug Dependants (Treatments and Rehabilitation) 1 LAWS OF MALAYSIA REPRINT. Act 283 DRUG DEPENDANTS (TREATMENT AND REHABILITATION) ACT 1983 Drug Dependants (Treatments and Rehabilitation) 1 LAWS OF MALAYSIA REPRINT Act 283 DRUG DEPENDANTS (TREATMENT AND REHABILITATION) ACT 1983 Incorporating all amendments up to 1 January 2006 PUBLISHED BY

More information

International Transfer of Prisoners (South Australia) Act 1998

International Transfer of Prisoners (South Australia) Act 1998 Version: 2.4.2000 South Australia International Transfer of Prisoners (South Australia) Act 1998 An Act relating to the transfer of prisoners to and from Australia. Contents Part 1 Preliminary 1 Short

More information

Regulations on the Employment of Human Resources, Insurance and Social Security in the Free Zones of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Regulations on the Employment of Human Resources, Insurance and Social Security in the Free Zones of the Islamic Republic of Iran Regulations on the Employment of Human Resources, Insurance and Social Security in the Free Zones of the Islamic Republic of Iran Chapter one: General Article 1 In these regulations, the following terms

More information

Response of the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission on the Health and Social Care (Control of Data Processing) NIA Bill 52/11-16

Response of the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission on the Health and Social Care (Control of Data Processing) NIA Bill 52/11-16 Response of the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission on the Health and Social Care (Control of Data Processing) NIA Bill 52/11-16 Summary The Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission (the Commission):

More information

CHAPTER 124B COMPUTER MISUSE

CHAPTER 124B COMPUTER MISUSE 1 L.R.O. 2005 Computer Misuse CAP. 124B CHAPTER 124B COMPUTER MISUSE ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS SECTION PART I PRELIMINARY 1. Short title. 2. Application. 3. Interpretation. PART II PROHIBITED CONDUCT 4.

More information

ORGANISATIONAL ACTION PLAN 2014-2019

ORGANISATIONAL ACTION PLAN 2014-2019 ORGANISATIONAL ACTION PLAN 2014-2019 HOPE FOR CHILDREN UNCRC POLICY CENTER 1 There can be no keener revelation of a society's soul than the way in which it treats its children. Nelson Mandela 1. INTRODUCTION...

More information

Termination of employment legislation digest

Termination of employment legislation digest Please note that this country profile might not reflect the current state of the law on termination of employment. For updated information, you are invited to consult the EPLex database. Termination of

More information

THIS GUIDANCE APPLIES FROM 10 MARCH 2014

THIS GUIDANCE APPLIES FROM 10 MARCH 2014 THIS GUIDANCE APPLIES FROM 10 MARCH 2014 Guidance on the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 Contents: (1) INTRODUCTION: What is the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974? Who benefits from the 1974 Act

More information

Law On Social Services and Social Assistance

Law On Social Services and Social Assistance Text consolidated by Tulkošanas Valsts valodas centrs (State Language Centre) with amending laws of: 19 December 2002; 17 June 2004; 25 November 2004; 25 May 2006; 3 May 2007; 21 June 2007; 20 December

More information