1 AYOUT PAYOUT Annuity ADVISOR GUIDE Redefine retirement WHAT S INSIDE Product information Types of annuities Payment options Taxation Life s brighter under the sun
3 TABLE OF CONTENTS WHAT IS A PAYOUT ANNUITY? Who are they for?... 3 Who else might benefit from a payout annuity?... 3 Features and Benefits... 3 PRODUCT AT A GLANCE...4 ANNUITY TYPES Life annuity... 7 Joint life annuity... 7 Term certain annuity (single annuitant and joint annuitants)... 7 Term certain annuity to age Temporary annuity (life and joint life) SPECIAL ANNUITIES... 7 Integrated annuity... 7 Essential Care Annuity (aka impaired, age-rated or enhanced annuity) PREMIUM SOURCE AND AVAILABLE ANNUITY TYPES PAYMENTS Payment types...11 Payment frequency Deferring the start of payments Minimum and maximum payments, registered money and annuities GUARANTEED PERIOD DEATH BENEFIT TAXATION Registered annuity Non-registered annuity Accrual (non-prescribed) taxation Prescribed taxation Level taxation Taxation during the deferral period Withholding tax Taxation of non-residents Pension income: Eligible income, tax credits and income splitting...20 Pension income tax credit...20 Pension income splitting...20 Avoiding OAS clawback Potential creditor protection THE SALES PROCESS AND SUBMITTING BUSINESS Tools to help you make the sale illustration Submitting business Multiple premiums and multiple sources of premium in one contract Using non-registered money to buy an annuity anti-money laundering requirements Using locked-in money to purchase a payout annuity Internal money that qualifies for enhanced income (Option F or Option 5) Internal money that qualifies for minimum income guarantees Delivery of the annuity contract POST-SALE PERIODIC CLIENT COMMUNICATIONS FROM SUN LIFE Proof of survival / customer confirmation form GLOSSARY IMPORTANT TERMS YOU SHOULD KNOW...26 COMPENSATION YOUR GUIDE TO PAYOUT ANNUITIES
4 WHAT IS A PAYOUT ANNUITY? A payout annuity is an income-generating insurance product. In exchange for a lump-sum premium, the client receives a series of guaranteed income payments for one lifetime, two lifetimes or a specified period of time. WHO ARE THEY FOR? Canadians age 60 and over looking for a source of guaranteed lifetime income, usually for retirement. For retired clients, a key part of retirement income planning is ensuring that essential living expenses like groceries, rent and utilities are always covered. Income from a payout annuity can supplement other sources of guaranteed lifetime income such as Canada Pension Plan (CPP), Quebec Pension Plan (QPP), Old Age Security (OAS) or a defined benefit pension. This income floor helps to ensure there s enough guaranteed lifetime income to pay those basic expenses. Clients who ve covered the essentials have room to look at creative ways to generate lifestyle income in retirement. WHO ELSE MIGHT BENEFIT FROM A PAYOUT ANNUITY? Canadians approaching retirement who are looking for an income bridge until other sources of income begin. Canadians of any age looking for income for a certain period of time. Companies developing a payout plan for employees or executives. FEATURES AND BENEFITS FEATURE Income for life option Market risk protection Inflation protection Low maintenance income Death benefit Tax and estate planning BENEFIT Life annuity Clients can never outlive their retirement income. Joint life annuity A client can provide lifetime income for a spouse even after the client dies. Income isn t affected by market or interest rate fluctuation. Clients are protected from making poor investment decisions. Clients can choose to have income increase each year by a fixed percentage to help offset the impact of inflation. Income doesn t require ongoing management for clients who aren t interested in managing their investments. Clients can choose a period of time during which, if they die, we ll pay a death benefit. Tax efficient income (non-registered annuities) Income may qualify for tax credits and pension income splitting 3 YOUR GUIDE TO PAYOUT ANNUITIES
5 continued... FEATURE Assuris protection Attractive income Customizable BENEFIT If a life insurance company fails, Assuris guarantees a policyholder will retain up to $2,000 per month or 85% of the monthly income amount, whichever is higher. For more details please see Guaranteed income that can be higher than many other income-generating products. Many options to customize annuity to client needs. PRODUCT AT A GLANCE FEATURES Residency requirements We ll issue a policy only if the policyholder and annuitant(s) are Canadian residents. Exception: If the policyholder has an existing Sun Life Financial policy with a contractual right to purchase a payout annuity. Issue ages Registered (including locked-in funds) Ages 18 to 100* Non-registered Ages 0 to 100* Premiums * Subject to legislation. Minimum $5,000 (combined total from all sources) Maximum $5 million Premiums $1 million and over Special pricing may apply. Illustrations must be run by Payout Annuity Customer Service Team. Premiums over $5 million will be considered. Special pricing may apply. Life annuities over $5 million require underwriting. Annuity types Life annuity Temporary joint life annuity Temporary life annuity Term certain annuity Joint life annuity Currency Premium sources Canadian Registered retirement savings plan (RRSP or RRIF) Locked-in retirement account (LIRA) Deferred profit sharing plan (DPSP) Life income fund (LIF) Locked-in retirement income fund (LRIF) Registered pension plan (RPP) funds Non-registered funds 4 YOUR GUIDE TO PAYOUT ANNUITIES
6 FEATURES Source of premium and annuity types allowed Deferral periods Guaranteed periods Payment frequency Payment options Taxation Death benefit Source of premium Life Term certain Term certain to age 90 RRSP, RRIF Yes No Yes Locked-in RRSP/LIRA, LRIF/LIF, Yes No No RPP/Locked-in RPP DPSP, Non-registered Yes Yes No Note: Clients cannot purchase a payout annuity with funds from a TFSA. Maximum 10 years, subject to restrictions based on the source of premium. For annuities with non-registered accrual taxation, deferral periods of greater than 10 years and less than 15 years can be requested. For more details see section Deferring the start of payments years. Subject to restrictions based on the source of premium. For more details see section Guaranteed period. Monthly, quarterly or semi-annually by direct deposit to a Canadian financial institution only. Annually by direct deposit to a Canadian financial institution or by cheque. Level payments Payment amount remains the same throughout the payment period. Indexed payments Income increases yearly by a fixed percentage. The client selects an increase between 1 per cent and 4 per cent at purchase. Not available for prescribed annuities. Reducing payment (joint life annuities) Income reduces by a certain percentage selected at issue when one of the annuitants dies. Integrated payment Annuity income decreases when CPP, QPP or OAS payments begin. Not available for prescribed annuities. Registered funds are subject to legislative restrictions. Registered annuity Income from an annuity purchased with registered funds is fully taxable to the policyholder in the year it s received. Non-registered annuity Income from an annuity purchased with non-registered funds can have prescribed, non-prescribed (accrual) or level tax treatment. Withholding tax Canadian witholding tax is mandatory for annuities purchased with RPP (locked-in and non locked-in), LIF or DPSP premiums. If a client is a non-resident the applicable rate of withholding tax will be deducted for any annuity that has been purchased. For more details see section Taxation. Death benefits depend on whether income has started, the source of premium and the guaranteed period chosen. For more details see section Death benefit. 5 YOUR GUIDE TO PAYOUT ANNUITIES
7 continued... FEATURES Surrender Essential Care Annuity How to produce an illustration Purchase date A payout annuity cannot be partially or fully surrendered and has no cash surrender value. Exception: A term certain annuity, that is other than prescribed, may be surrendered on request. A request will require our review and approval. For an annuitant with a life-shortening condition, we ll consider issuing an impaired annuity. This can result in lower premium or higher income than for someone of the same age and gender without a health impairment. Only life annuities can be impaired annuities. Term certain annuities don t qualify. LIMITS/MINIMUMS/MAXIMUMS Maximum issue age (before age rating) Age 75 Premiums Minimum: $10,000 Maximum: $5 million Guaranteed periods Minimum: 5 years Maximum: Subject to restriction based on the source of premium. Age rating Minimum: 4 years Maximum: 20 years Illustrations for Essential Care Annuities must be requested from the Payout Annuity Customer Service Team. For more details see section Special annuities. Create an illustration using the online illustration tool (available on the Sun Life website you usually use). Illustrations that cannot be run on the online illustration tool can be requested from the Payout Annuity Customer Service Team. The date: we have received all premiums and the application form, and the contract takes effect. 6 YOUR GUIDE TO PAYOUT ANNUITIES
8 ANNUITY TYPES LIFE ANNUITY A life annuity provides payments for as long as the annuitant lives. JOINT LIFE ANNUITY A joint life annuity provides payments for as long as either the annuitant or joint annuitant lives. TERM CERTAIN ANNUITY (SINGLE ANNUITANT AND JOINT ANNUITANTS) A term certain annuity provides payments for a selected period of time. We pay a death benefit if the last surviving annuitant dies before we ve made all the payments. We don t make any further payments after the payment period ends. TERM CERTAIN ANNUITY TO AGE 18 When a minor, financially dependent child or grandchild receives a lump-sum payment from a Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) or Registered Pension Plan (RPP) because a parent or grandparent has died, the child may claim a deduction for income tax purposes if the proceeds are used to acquire a non-registered annuity for a fixed number of years. A term certain annuity to age 18 is the only option as the number of years of the term must not exceed 18 less the child s age at the time the annuity is acquired. The annuity is non-registered so the payments are fully taxable and the child is responsible for any tax payable on income from the annuity. TEMPORARY ANNUITY (LIFE AND JOINT LIFE) A temporary life annuity provides payments for a selected period of time, as long as the annuitant or, in the case of joint annuity, one of the annuitants is alive. We don t make any further payments after the payment period ends. Temporary life annuities are usually purchased as part of an integrated annuity arrangement and are rarely sold standalone. SPECIAL ANNUITIES INTEGRATED ANNUITY An integrated annuity may appeal to clients who want to bridge the income gap between early retirement and the start of CPP or QPP benefits, OAS or payments from an employer pension plan. Annuity income is integrated with the government benefits so when the government benefit payments start, the annuity income decreases by the amount of those payments. We calculate the income from an integrated annuity using the amount of government benefits applicable when the client purchases the annuity. If the amount of CPP/QPP or OAS increases or decreases before the government benefits begins, the annuity income won t increase or reduce as a result of the change in the benefit amount. 7 YOUR GUIDE TO PAYOUT ANNUITIES
9 Registered annuity RRSP, locked-in RRSP, RRIF or LIRA Integrated annuity income amount can be up to the value of OAS income. Cannot be integrated with CPP or QPP. RPP, LIF, LRIF Integrated annuity income amount can be up to the combined value of OAS and CPP or QPP income. ESSENTIAL CARE ANNUITY (AKA IMPAIRED, AGE-RATED OR ENHANCED ANNUITY) We ll consider issuing an impaired life annuity for an annuitant with a life-shortening illness or condition. This can result in lower premium or higher income than for someone of the same age and gender without a life-shortening condition. Only life annuities can be impaired annuities; term certain annuities don t qualify. To determine if a client qualifies for an Essential Care Annuity, the client must be underwritten by Sun Life Financial underwriters. LIMITS/MINIMUMS/MAXIMUMS Requirement Maximum issue age (before age rating) The client must: have survived for two years before applying for the annuity Applies for most impairments in some cases (e.g. heart attack or some cancers it could be less than two years) and be able to survive for two years once they have applied for the annuity. Age 75 Premiums Minimum $10,000 Maximum $5 million Guaranteed period Number of impaired annuitants (Joint life annuities Age rating Minimum 5 years (life and joint life annuities) Maximum Subject to restriction based on source of premium One or both annuitants can be impaired Minimum 4 years Maximum 20 years 8 YOUR GUIDE TO PAYOUT ANNUITIES
10 Qualifying health impairments The impairment should be severe, permanent, progressive and have severely affected life expectancy. Being declined for life insurance doesn t automatically qualify an applicant for an Essential Care Annuity. Health impairments that don t qualify: temporary impairments, impairments that can be easily controlled with medication, impairments that diminish in severity with time, annuitant has less than two years to live (e.g. has end-state renal disease or liver cancer), and annuitant is on life support or in a coma. Health impairments that may qualify: The following impairments usually qualify for an Essential Care Annuity. These aren t the only impairments that would qualify. Being on the list doesn t mean the impairment will qualify. If the impairment isn t severe enough or is too severe (life expectancy is less than two years) it won t qualify. Cerebral vascular accident (stroke) with residual paralysis. Myocardial infarction (heart attack) with residual symptoms or, angina or other complications. Multiple sclerosis (MS) severe: unable to work; dementia (marked by deteriorating cognitive functioning often with emotional apathy); requires 24/7 care; wheelchair dependent. Quadriplegia paralysis from the shoulders down with loss of bladder and bowel control. Paraplegia paralysis from approximately the waist down with loss of bladder and bowel control. Cancer advanced or aggressive cancer including metastases (spread outside the organ or place of origin) but life expectancy is greater than two years. Parkinson s disease (a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system) severe: unable to work; dementia; (marked by deteriorating cognitive functioning often with emotional apathy) requires 24/7 care; wheelchair dependent. Diabetes (a condition where the body cannot use glucose, a type of sugar, normally) severe with complications including kidney disease (kidneys operating at less than 50% of their functionality), kidney transplant, stroke, congestive heart failure, heart attack and amputation of a limb or limbs. Aortic aneurysm (any swelling of the aorta or weakness in the aorta wall at that location). Emphysema severe with or without cardiac complications: requires continuous oxygen use. Severely restricted activities cannot exercise, walk any significant distances, climb stairs independently etc. Cirrhosis of the liver severe: repeated hospitalizations with jaundice, encephalopathy, ascites (abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen), liver failure, liver cancer. Steps 1. Advisor Submit medical evidence 2. Underwriter Review and communicate decision 3. Advisor Request illustration 4. Advisor Confirm sale and submit business 9 YOUR GUIDE TO PAYOUT ANNUITIES
11 Step 1 Submit medical evidence Submit acceptable medical evidence, along with the full name(s) and date(s) of birth for the client(s) to Sun Life Financial. Acceptable medical evidence Application for life and/or critical illness (sections Personal Medical History, Authorization to disclose information to your advisor and Acknowledgement and agreement must be completed). Letter from the doctor providing details of the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. If cancer is part of the medical history then the pathological report must be included. Underwriting completed within the last six months for an application for a Sun Life Financial life insurance contract. Medical evidence provided to another insurance company as part of an application for another type of insurance, usually life, critical illness, etc. Note: this evidence must be less than six months old the annuitant must complete an authorization form to allow the other insurance company to send us all medical documents If none of the three options above are applicable then Form 4525, Impaired annuities medical form must be completed by the patient s family doctor or attending physician. The client is responsible for all costs associated with providing medical evidence. Medical evidence can be submitted: To Via fax at 1 (866) Step 2 Review and communicate decision Our underwriters will review the file and determine if the client(s) qualifies for an Essential Care Annuity. They will send you an with their results and a reference number. Step 3 Request illustration Request illustrations from the Payout Annuity Customer Service Team. You will need to provide them with the age rating(s) along with the annuity details such as date of birth, source of premium, purchase date, income start date etc. Step 4 Confirm sale and submit business To confirm the sale, you can either reply with history to the from which provided you with the quote, phone the Payout Annuity Customer Service Team or fax 1 (866) You must enter the age rating and reference number on the application form. We ll use the reference number to confirm the age rating when we calculate the final income as part of issuing the policy. 10 YOUR GUIDE TO PAYOUT ANNUITIES
12 PREMIUM SOURCE AND AVAILABLE ANNUITY TYPES The type of annuity available is based on the source of premium. Premium source Life Term certain Term certain to 90 Specify province for pension jurisdiction* RRSP, RRIF Yes No Yes No Locked-in RRSP/ LIRA, LRIF/LIF, RPP/ Locked-in RPP DPSP, Non-registered Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No * For payout annuities using locked-in funds, specify the pension jurisdiction governing the locked-in funds on the application. Certain pension legislation dictates how we must calculate annuity income. PAYMENTS PAYMENT TYPES Payment types Level payments Indexed payments Reducing payments (available on joint life annuities only) Integrated payments Description Payment amount remains the same throughout the payment period. Payment amount increases yearly by a specified percentage. The client selects the percentage increase between 1 per cent and 4 per cent at issue. Not available for annuities with prescribed taxation. The client can choose to have payments reduced by a specified percentage of the original payment if one of the annuitants dies. The client can choose (at purchase) to have income reduce on the death of the annuitant, the joint annuitant or either annuitant. The client must choose the percentage when the annuity is purchased. If a guaranteed period exists, we won t reduce the payment until the end of the guaranteed period, even if a death occurs prior to this date. Annuity income is integrated with government benefits; annuity income decreases when CPP, QPP or OAS payments begin. Not available for annuities with prescribed taxation. Registered funds are subject to legislative restrictions. 11 YOUR GUIDE TO PAYOUT ANNUITIES
13 PAYMENT FREQUENCY Clients can choose to receive their payments: monthly, quarterly or semi-annually by direct deposit to a Canadian financial institution only annually by direct deposit to a Canadian financial institution or by cheque. The client chooses the payment frequency at issue and cannot change it once we ve issued the policy. DEFERRING THE START OF PAYMENTS Clients can defer start of income subject to restrictions based on the source of the premium used to purchase the annuity. Deferring income results in higher income than income that begins immediately. Source of premium Maximum deferral period When income payments must begin Locked-in RRSP, LIRA 10 years from purchase date. During the annuitant s 72 nd year. * Non-locked-in RRSP 10 years from purchase date. During the annuitant s 72 nd year. * Non-registered (prescribed and level taxation) ** Up to Dec. 31 of the year following year of purchase. No age restrictions. Non-registered (accrual taxation) 10 years from purchase date. Deferral periods of greater than 10 years and less than 15 years can be requested. No age restrictions. DPSP 10 years from purchase date. By the end of the year in which the annuitant turns 71. Locked-in RPP 10 years from purchase date. Between the age allowed in the plan and by the end of the year in which the annuitant turns 71. Non-locked-in RPP 10 years from purchase date. Between the age allowed in the plan and by the end of the year in which the annuitant turns 71. LIF / LRIF / RRIF One year from purchase date. No age restrictions but must be within one year after purchase. * A full year s income must be received by December 31 of the year the annuitant turns 72. ** An annuity must qualify for prescribed or level taxation. If it doesn t, it will receive accrual tax treatment and income accrued during the deferral period will be taxed on an annual basis. See Taxation section for details on the criteria for prescribed and level taxation. MINIMUM AND MAXIMUM PAYMENTS, REGISTERED MONEY AND ANNUITIES If money from a LIF/LRIF/RRIF: is being used to purchase a payout annuity, the remaining balance of the legislative annual minimum, if any, must be paid prior to being transferred. was used to purchase a payout annuity, income from the annuity is not subject to any minimum or maximum payment amounts that were required by the legislation governing the source plan. 12 YOUR GUIDE TO PAYOUT ANNUITIES
14 GUARANTEED PERIOD A life annuity provides annuity payments as long as the annuitant (or annuitants) are alive. Choosing a guaranteed period for a life annuity or joint life annuity ensures we ll pay a death benefit if income has started and the annuitant or both annuitants die during the period selected. The client chooses the length of the guaranteed period at purchase and can t change this once we ve issued the policy. The longer the guaranteed period selected, the lower the income payments. If income has started and: The annuitant or in the case of a joint life annuity, the last surviving annuitant dies during the guaranteed period, we ll pay a death benefit. Please see section Death benefits for details. The annuitant or in the case of a joint life annuity, the last surviving annuitant dies after the end of the guaranteed period, income payments stop and we don t pay a death benefit. The source of premium may also restrict the minimum and maximum guaranteed periods available. Source of premium Locked-in RRSP, LIRA Non locked-in RRSP Non-registered* DPSP Locked-in RPP Non locked-in RPP LIF/LRIF Type of payout annuity that can be purchased Life annuity Joint life annuity Life annuity Joint life annuity Term certain annuity Life annuity Joint life annuity Term certain annuity Life annuity Joint life annuity Term certain annuity Life annuity Joint life annuity Life annuity Joint life annuity Life annuity Joint life annuity Minimum/maximum guaranteed period for income Min = 0 yrs Max = lesser of to age 90 of younger spouse or 40 yrs Min = 0 yrs Max = lesser of to age 90 of younger spouse or 40 yrs Must be to age 90 of the annuitant or the younger spouse. Could be more than 40 yrs. Min = 0 yrs Max = 40 yrs Min = 3 yrs Max = 40 yrs Min = 0 yrs Max = 15 yrs Min = 3 yrs Max = 15 yrs Min = 0 yrs Max = 15 yrs Min = 0 yrs Max = 15 yrs Min = 0 yrs Max = to age 90 * Accrual taxation: the age plus the guaranteed period cannot exceed 115 years. Prescribed taxation: the age of the youngest annuitant plus the guaranteed period cannot exceed age YOUR GUIDE TO PAYOUT ANNUITIES
15 continued... Source of premium RRIF Type of payout annuity that can be purchased Life annuity Joint life annuity Term certain annuity Minimum/maximum guaranteed period for income Min = 0 yrs Max = to age 90 of younger spouse Must be to age 90 of the annuitant or the younger spouse. Could be more than 40 yrs. DEATH BENEFIT Any death benefit we pay depends on the guaranteed period, the source of premium or whether income has started. The chart below reflects current legislation and Sun Life Financial practices. You should review the policy pages for a specific policy as they could contain legislative requirements or options not outlined below. For example, some legislative changes are date-specific. Note: If the beneficiary is the estate, we will pay the death benefit only as a cash lump sum. Death benefit upon death of the annuitant (single life) or the last surviving annuitant (joint life) Source of premium RPP, LIF, LRIF Before income start date A death benefit is payable regardless of a guaranteed period. Return of premium without interest Nova Scotia, Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Newfoundland and Saskatchewan. Note: Return of premium plus interest is available upon request for Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Newfoundland and Saskatchewan. Return of full premium plus interest* Quebec and New Brunswick. Commuted value** PEI, Indian Band and PBSA*** (which includes Nunavut, North West Territories and Yukon). Payment will be taxable to the beneficiary, however, if the spouse is the beneficiary, the spouse has the option to transfer it to a registered product. After income start date The beneficiary can choose to do one of the following: Receive a cash lump sum equal to the present value of the payments remaining in the guaranteed period at the date of the death. If allowed by the contract, continue to receive payments for the time remaining in the guaranteed period. Note: Payments from both options will be fully taxable to the beneficiary and will be subject to any applicable withholding tax. * Return of premium plus interest option is calculated as the return of premium at the legislated interest rate. ** Commuted value is a calculation that Sun Life Financial does. It corresponds to applicable legislation. We use an interest rate that is in effect on the later of the date of death of the annuitant or the surviving annuitant(s). *** PBSA = Pension Benefit Standard Act 14 YOUR GUIDE TO PAYOUT ANNUITIES
16 continued... Source of premium LIRA, locked-in RRSP RRSP, RRIF Before income start date A death benefit is payable regardless of a guaranteed period. Return of premium without interest Nova Scotia, Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Newfoundland, Saskatchewan. Note: Return of premium plus interest is available upon request for Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Newfoundland and Saskatchewan. Return of full premium plus interest* Quebec and New Brunswick. Commuted value** PEI, Indian Band and PBSA*** (which includes Nunavut, North West Territories and Yukon). If the beneficiary is not the spouse, the payment will be taxable to the deceased. If there is a spouse, and the spouse chooses to take the payment as cash, the payment will be taxable to the deceased. If the spouse chooses to transfer the payment to a registered product, the spouse is taxed. A death benefit is payable regardless of a guaranteed period. Return of premium without interest. Return of premium with interest is available upon request. RRSP: If the beneficiary is the spouse, the spouse can transfer the death benefit to their own RRSP or RRIF. We would issue a T4RSP tax slip (Relevé 2 for Quebec residents) reporting the death benefit as a refund of premiums. If the beneficiary is not the spouse, we ll issue a T4RSP tax slip (Relevé 2 for Quebec residents) to the deceased for the value at the date of death. RRIF: If the beneficiary is the spouse, the spouse can transfer the full value of the death benefit to their own RRSP (if they are under age 71) or RRIF. The death benefit payable would be tax reported to the spouse. If the beneficiary is not the spouse, the death benefit will be tax reported to the deceased in the year of death. After income start date If the beneficiary is the spouse, he or she can continue to receive payments for the time remaining in the guaranteed period. These payments will be fully taxable to the spouse. If the beneficiary is not the spouse, or the spouse chooses to take the death benefit as a lump sum, we will pay the death benefit equal to the present value of the payments remaining in the guaranteed period at the date of death. The value of the death benefit on the date of death is taxable to the deceased. Note: Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) rules state that if a payout annuity is purchased with LIRA or locked-in RSP funds, the annuity is treated like a matured RRSP and RRSP tax treatment applies. If the beneficiary is the spouse, he or she can continue to receive payments for the time remaining in the guaranteed period. These payments will be fully taxable to the spouse. If the beneficiary is not the spouse, or the spouse chooses to take the death benefit as a lump sum, we will pay the death benefit as a cash lump sum, equal to the present value of the payments remaining in the guaranteed period at the date of death. The value of the death benefit on the date of death is taxable to the deceased. * Return of premium plus interest option is calculated as the return of premium at the legislated interest rate. ** Commuted value is a calculation that Sun Life Financial does. It corresponds to applicable legislation. We use an interest rate that is in effect on the later of the date of death of the annuitant or the surviving annuitant(s). *** PBSA = Pension Benefit Standard Act 15 YOUR GUIDE TO PAYOUT ANNUITIES
17 continued... Source of premium DPSP Nonregistered funds Before income start date A death benefit is payable regardless of a guaranteed period. Return of premium without interest. Return of premium with interest is available upon request. Payment will always be taxable to the beneficiary. If the spouse is the beneficiary, the spouse has the option to transfer to a registered product. Return of premium without interest. Return of premium with interest is available upon request. Note: We ll pay the return of premium death benefit whether or not there is a guaranteed period. We ll provide the present value of the guaranteed payments on request if the guaranteed period is greater than 0 years. For annuities with: Prescribed or Accrual taxation the payment will be taxable to the deceased. Level taxation the payment will be taxable to the beneficiary. After income start date The beneficiary can choose to do one of the following: Receive a cash lump sum equal to the present value of the payments remaining in the guaranteed period at the date of the death. If allowed by the contract, continue to receive payments for the time remaining in the guaranteed period. Note: Payments from both options will be fully taxable to the beneficiary and will be subject to any applicable withholding tax. The beneficiary can choose to do one of the following: Receive a cash lump sum equal to the present value of the payments remaining in the guaranteed period: For annuities with: prescribed tax treatment, any taxable policy gain will be tax reported to the deceased in the year of death. level tax treatment, any taxable policy gain will be tax reported to the beneficiary in the year in which the payment is made. accrual tax treatment, any taxable policy gain will be tax reported to the policy owner in the year of death. Continue to receive payments for the remainder of the guaranteed period: For annuities with: Prescribed and level tax treatment, the taxable portion of these payments will be taxable to the beneficiary. Accrual tax treatment, any taxable gain is tax reported to the policy owner in the year in which a death occurred. This includes the death of the policy owner, joint policy owner, annuitant or joint annuitant. We ll calculate a new accrual schedule based on the lump sum value. 16 YOUR GUIDE TO PAYOUT ANNUITIES
18 There is no death benefit if the annuitant(s) dies after: the income start date and there is no guaranteed period the end of the guaranteed period Examples: Angelo purchased a life annuity with non-registered money. He chose a 15-year guarantee period, made his son his beneficiary and chose April 4, 2014 as his income start date. March 4, 2013 April 4, 2014 July 5, 2024 April 4, 2028 September 8, 2030 Purchase date Income starts If Angelo dies today Guaranteed period ends If Angelo dies today Guaranteed period starts Death benefit is paid (15 years after income starts) No Death benefit paid His son, as beneficiary, can choose to receive the death benefit: as a lump sum OR as regular payments until end of guaranteed period. March 4, 2013 January 1, 2014 April 4, 2014 Purchase date Angelo dies Income supposed to start Depending on how the annuity was set up it could be: Return of premium without interest Return of premium with interest Present value of guaranteed payments 17 YOUR GUIDE TO PAYOUT ANNUITIES
19 TAXATION The information in this section reflects our understanding of current federal and provincial income tax laws. Taxation laws are subject to change; rules and restrictions may differ in the future. It s important to encourage clients to seek advice from a tax consultant regarding the tax implications for their individual situation. REGISTERED ANNUITY Income from an annuity purchased with registered funds is fully taxable to the policyholder in the year it is received. NON-REGISTERED ANNUITY Income from an annuity purchased with non-registered funds can have one of three different tax treatments accrual, prescribed or level. ACCRUAL (NON-PRESCRIBED) TAXATION Note: If a policyholder is under 65 and purchases an annuity with an amount received as a result of the death of a spouse or common-law partner, the annuity income may qualify as eligible pension income. Annuities receiving accrual taxation treatment report a varying amount of tax annually. Generally, nonprescribed annuities have larger taxable amounts in the early years of the policy and the taxable portion decreases each year. PRESCRIBED TAXATION All annuities are taxed on an annual basis and receive accrual tax treatment. All annuities are taxed on an annual basis and receive accrual tax treatment unless they qualify for prescribed tax treatment. During the payout period, the payments from an annuity receiving prescribed tax treatment are considered to be a level blend of interest and capital so a fixed portion of each payment will be taxable. Qualifying for prescribed taxation To qualify as a prescribed annuity, the contract must satisfy the following conditions: The policyholder(s) must also be the annuitant(s). The policyholder can be a testamentary or spousal trust. A joint life annuity is permitted if the second annuitant is either: a brother or sister of the first annuitant (policyholder), or a spouse of the first annuitant. The annuity must be non-commutable. Annuity payments must start by December 31 of the year following the year of purchase. Annuity payments must be equal, not indexed, and made regularly and at least annually. Payments may reduce on the first death under a joint life annuity. Annuity payments can be for: a fixed term (term certain annuity), or the life of the annuitant(s) (life or joint life annuity). For an annuity with a guaranteed or fixed term, the term cannot extend beyond the annuitant s 90 th birthday. For joint life annuities, the age of the youngest annuitant can be used. 18 YOUR GUIDE TO PAYOUT ANNUITIES
20 Prescribed taxation applies automatically if the above conditions are met. A policy could change tax treatment during a year if one or more of the qualifying conditions changes. For example, an annuity could meet all the criteria for prescribed taxation except the income start date is five years after purchase. Tax treatment would start as accrual but when payments begin, the tax treatment would change to prescribed. LEVEL TAXATION Any unreported taxable gain (interest earned) from a life insurance policy issued prior to December 2, 1982, isn t taxable until the policy is surrendered or annuitized. Upon annuitization, any unreported taxable gain will be spread over the expected number of annuity payments. TAXATION DURING THE DEFERRAL PERIOD Annuities purchased with registered money Registered annuities are non-taxable during the deferral period. Annuities purchased with non-registered money Any income accrued (aka earned) during the deferral period is taxed on an annual basis. WITHHOLDING TAX Sun Life is required to deduct tax from certain types of payments. Sun Life pays that tax directly to the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). The withholding tax percentage is determined by the CRA. The client claims the income and any tax withheld on their yearly tax return. The payment the client receives is net of withholding tax. Note: Illustrations and policy pages show gross income not net income. The following information applies to Canadian residents: Source of premium RPP RRSP LIRA RRIF LIF LRIF DPSP Non Reg Tax withheld? Yes No No No Yes Yes Yes No Note: For non-registered funds, tax can be withheld but it must be a flat amount. For all other sources of funds, tax or additional tax can be withheld and can be a percentage or a flat amount. TAXATION OF NON-RESIDENTS When the policyholder of a payout annuity becomes a non-resident, we base their non-resident withholding tax on the source of funds used to purchase the annuity and the policyholder s country of residence, provided that the client supplies us with an NR301 form Declaration of Eligibility for Benefits Under a Tax Treaty for a Non-Resident Taxpayer. If we do not have this form, the government requires us to withhold 25 per cent. For a deferred annuity, no tax form is issued during the deferred period. Once payments begin, Canada imposes a withholding tax. 19 YOUR GUIDE TO PAYOUT ANNUITIES
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