AMD PhenomII. Architecture for Multimedia System Prof. Cristina Silvano. Group Member: Nazanin Vahabi Kosar Tayebani

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1 AMD PhenomII Architecture for Multimedia System Prof. Cristina Silvano Group Member: Nazanin Vahabi Kosar Tayebani

2 Outline Introduction Features Key architectures References

3 AMD Phenom Phenom : AMD desktop processor line based on the K10 (not "K10h") microarchitecture, or Family 10h Processors. Phenom II processors deliver unbeatable multi-core value with superior high definition computing, advanced multitasking performance, and innovative, energy efficient solutions. Triple-core versions Phenom 8000 series and quad cores Phenom X series. AMD considers the Quad core Phenoms to be the first "true" quad core design, monolithic multi-core design (all cores on the same piece of silicon die), unlike Intel's Core 2 Quad series which are a multi-chip module (MCM) design. The processors are on the Socket AM2+ platform.

4 AMD Phenom II Phenom II: is a family of AMD's multi-core 45 nm processors using the AMD K10 micro-architecture, succeeding the original Phenom. Socket AM2+ version of Phenom II December 2008 Socket AM3 versions with DDR3support initial batch of triple- and quad-core processors February 2009

5 AMD Phenom II Processor Model Number and Feature Comparisons

6 AMD Phenom II X4, X6 Phenom II X4 AMD's Dragon Platform - AMD 790 series chipset - Radeon HD 4800 series graphics Thuban Phenom II X6 AMD s Leo Platform - AMD 890 series chipset - Radeon HD 5800 series graphics

7 AMD Phenom II Features: Flaw in TLB (Translation Lookaside Buffer) -----> system lock-up in rare circumstances performance penalty of at least 10% (BIOS and software workarounds disable the TLB) up to stepping B2 "B3" stepping Phenom processors were released March 2008 without the TLB bug and with "xx50" model numbers. An AMD subsidiary has released a patch for the Linux kernel.

8 AMD Phenom II Features: The Phenom II triples (change from the original Phenom): the shared L3 cache size from 2MB to 6MB, leading to benchmark performance gains as high as 30%. Cool'n'Quiet is a CPU speed throttling and power saving technology introduced by AMD with their Athlon 64 processor line. It works by reducing the processor's clock rate and voltage when the processor is idle. The aim of this technology is to reduce overall power consumption and lower heat generation, allowing for slower (thus quieter) cooling fan operation. Cool 'n Quiet applies as a whole, rather than on a per-core basis. AMD implemented this in order to address the mishandling of threads by Windows Vista, which can cause single-threaded applications to run on a core that idles at half its clock rate. Socket AM2+ versions lack forward-compatibility with Socket AM3. Socket AM3 versions are backwards-compatible with Socket AM2+. BIOS updates In addition to the Phenom II's pin compatibility, the AM3 memory controller supports both DDR2 and DDR3 memory > allowing existing AM2+ users to upgrade their CPU without changing the motherboard or memory.

9 Phenom II Product Brief Visual Experience AMD Phenom II is for high definition entertainment, gaming, creativity, and beyond. With AMD Phenom II processors as the foundation, you'll enjoy a new level of responsiveness and visual intensity. AMD Phenom II processor are the powerful engine behind your fidelity, high definition video entertainment experience. Combine AMD Phenom II processors and ATI Radeon HD graphics to really see the difference.

10 Phenom II Product Brief Energy Efficient Capitalizing on AMD's leadership in energy efficiency, they incorporate all of the latest technology that gives you performance when you need it and save power when you do not. Thanks to AMD's power-saving innovations, you can count on machines based on AMD Phenom II processors for the energy efficiency you want and the performance you need.

11 Phenom II Key Architectural Feature AMD Phenom II X6 Six-Core Processors The new AMD Phenom II X6 six-core processors are the fastest CPUs AMD has ever created. The AMD Phenom II X6 six-core processors are also the world's only six-core processors for under $200. The AMD Phenom II X6 processor is the most advanced AMD desktop processor and features innovative AMD Turbo CORE technology to adjust to the dynamic needs of performance users. New AMD Turbo CORE Technology Both 1055T and 1090T model come equipped with AMD's new Turbo CORE technology. AMD Turbo CORE technology is a performance boosting technology that automatically switches from six cores to three turbocharged core for applications that just need raw speed over multiple cores. While in Turbo CORE mode, the AMD Phenom II X6 1090T shifts frequency speed from 3.2GHz on six cores, to 3.6GHz on three cores, making it the fastest processor AMD has ever created.

12 Phenom II Key Architectural Feature AMD Phenom II Triple and Quad-Core Processors True quad-core and triple-core designed from the ground up for better communication between cores. Benefit: Cores can communicate on die rather than on package for better performance

13 Phenom II Key Architectural Feature AMD64 with Direct Connect Architecture directly connecting the processors, the memory controller, and the I/O to the CPU improve system performance and efficiency enable simultaneous 32- and 64-bit computing Integrated Memory Controller Benefits: - Increases application performance - reducing memory latency - Scales memory bandwidth and performance to match compute needs - HyperTransport Technology up to 16.0GB/s peak bandwidth

14 Phenom II Key Architectural Feature AMD Balanced Smart Cache Shared L3 cache (either 6MB or 4MB) 512K L2 cache per core Benefit - Shortened access times to the highly accessed data for better performance

15 Phenom II Key Architectural Feature AMD Wide Floating Point Accelerator 128-bit floating point unit (FPU) High performance floating point unit per core Benefits - Larger data paths - quicker floating point calculations - better performance

16 Phenom II Key Architectural Feature Integrated DRAM Controller with AMD Memory Optimizer Technology A high-bandwidth, low-latency integrated memory controller Up to 17.1GB/s memory bandwidth for DDR2 and up to 21GB/s memory bandwidth for DDR3 Benefit: Quick access to system memory for better performance. AMD Virtualization (AMD-V ) Technology With Rapid Virtualization Indexing Silicon feature-set enhancements designed to improve the performance,reliability, and security of existing and future virtualization environments by allowing virtualized applications with direct and rapid access to their allocated memory. Benefit: Helps virtualization software to run more securely and efficiently enabling a better experience when dealing with virtual systems

17 Phenom II Key Architectural Feature AMD PowerNow! Technology (Cool n Quiet Technology) Enhanced power management features which automatically and instantaneously adjusts performance states and features based on processor performance requirements For quieter operation and reduced power requirements Benefit: Enables cooler and quieter platform designs by providing extremely efficient performance and energy usage. AMD CoolCore Technology Reduces processor energy consumption by turning off unused parts of the processor. For example, the memory controller can turn off the write logic when reading from memory, helping reduce system power. Works automatically without the need for drivers or BIOS enablement. Power can be switched on or off within a single clock cycle, saving energy with no impact to performance. Benefit: Helps users get more efficient performance by dynamically activating or turning off parts of the processor. performance while still allowing for decreased system power consumption

18 References cx= :f2h38l7gvis&cof=forid: 11&qp=&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8&q=AMD+Phenom +II+processor#

19 THANK YOU for your attention

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