# Technical Data. 7. Bearing Fits. 7.1 Interference. 7.2 Calculation of interference F B LLLLLLLLL( A-54

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1 Technical Data 7. Bearing Fits 7.1 Interference For rolling s the rings are fixed on the or in the housing so that slip or movement does not occur between the mated surface during operation or under. This relative movement (sometimes called creep) between the fitted surfaces of the and the or housing can occur in a radial direction, or in an axial direction, or in the direction of rotation. This creeping movment under causes damage to the rings, or housing in the form of abrasive wear, fretting corrosion or friction crack. This, in turn, can also lead to abrasive particles getting into the, which can cause vibration, excessive heat, and ered rotational efficiency. To ensure that slip does not occur between the fitted surfaces of the rings and the or housing, the is usually installed with an interference fit. The most effective interference fit is called a tight fit (or shrink fit). The advantage of this tight fit for thin walled s is that it provides uniform support over the entire ring circumference without any loss in carrying capacity. However, with a tight interference fit, ease of mounting and dismounting the s is lost; and when using a nonseparable as a non-fixing, axial displacement is impossible. 7.2 Calculation of interference 1) Load and interference The minimum required amount of interference for inner rings mounted on solid s when acted on by radial s, is found by formula (7.1) and (7.2). where, When F 03. C r or d Fr d F = 008. LLLLLLL( 71. ) B When Fr > 03. Cor Fr d F = 002. LLLLLLLLL( 72. ) B df : Required effective interference (for ) µm d : Nominal bore diameter mm B : Inner ring width mm F r : Radial N : Basic static rated N C or 2) Temperature rise and interference To prevent loosening of the inner ring on steel s due to temperature increases (difference between temperature and ambient temperature) caused by rotation, an interference fit must be given. The required amount of interference can be found by formula (7.3). where, dt : Required effective interference (for temperature) µm T : Difference between temperature and ambient temperature C d : Bearing bore diameter mm 3) Effective interference and apparent interference The effective interference (the actual interference after fitting) is different from the apparent interference derived from the dimensions measured value. This difference is due to the roughness or slight variations of the mating surfaces, and this slight flattening of the uneven surfaces at the time of fitting is taken into consideration. The relation between the effective and apparent interference, which varies according to the finish given to the mating surfaces, is expressed by formula (7.4). where, = dt d T LLLLLLLLL( 7. 3) d = d GLLLLLLLLLLL( 74. ) eff f d eff : Effective interference µm d f : Apparent interference µm G =1.0~2.5 µm for ground =5.0~7.0 µm for turned 4) Maximum interference When rings are installed with an interference fit on s or housings, the tension or compression stress may occur. If the interference is too large, it may cause damage to the rings and reduce the fatigue life of the. For these reasons, the maximum amount of interference should be less than 1/1000 of the diameter, or outside diameter. A-54

2 7.3 Fit selection Selection of the proper fit is generally based on the foling factors: 1) the direction and nature of the, 2) whether the inner ring or outer ring rotates, 3) whether the on the inner or outer ring rotates or not, 4) whether there is static or direction indeterminate or not. For s under rotating s or direction indeterminate s, a tight fit is recommended; but for static s, a transition fit or loose fit should be sufficient (see Table 7.1). The interference should be tighter for heavy s or vibration and shock conditions. Also, a tighter than normal fit should be given when the is installed on hol s or in housings with thin walls, or housings made of light als or plastic. In applications where rotational accuracy must be maintained, precision s and tolerance s and housings should be employed instead of a tighter interference fit to ensure stability. High interference fits should be avoided if possible as they cause or housing deformities to be induced into the rings, and thus reduce rotational accuracy. Because mounting and dismounting become very difficult when both the inner ring and outer ring of a non-separable (for example a deep groove ball ) are given tight interference fits, one or the other rings should be given a loose fit. Table 7.1 Radial and fit Bearing rotation and Illustration Ring Fit Inner ring : Outer ring : Stationary Load : Constant direction Static inner ring Inner ring : Tight fit Inner ring : Stationary Outer ring : Load Rotates with direction : outer ring Unbalanced Static outer ring Outer ring : Loose fit Inner ring : Stationary Outer ring : Load : Constant direction Static Static inner ring Inner ring : Loose fit Inner ring : Outer ring : Stationary Load Rotates with direction : outer ring Unbalanced outer ring Outer ring : Tight fit A-55

3 Technical Data 7.4 Recommended fits Metric size standard dimension tolerances for diameters and housing bore diameters are governed by ISO 286 and JIS B 0401 (dimension tolerances and fits). Accordingly, fits are determined by the precision (dimensional tolerance) of the diameter and housing bore diameter. Widely used fits for various and housing bore diameter tolerances, and bore and outside diameters are shown in Fig Generally-used, recommended fits relating to the primary factors of shape, dimensions, and conditions are listed in Tables 7.2 through 7.5. Table 7.6 gives the numerical values for housing and fits. The bore and outside diameter tolerances and tolerance ranges for inch and metric tapered roller s are different. Recommended fits and numerical values for inch tapered roller s are shown in Table 7.8. For special fits or applications, please consult NTN. Housing C6 C7 H8 H7 H6 class 0 J6 J7 K6 K7 D mp M6 M7 N6 N7 P6 P7 class 0 dmp g5 Loose fit Transition fit Tight fit Transition fit j5 h5 h6 g6 Types of fits Tight fit p6 n5 n6 m5 m6 k5 k6 j6 Shafts Fig. 7.1 Table 7.2 General standards for radial fits (JIS class 0, 6, 6X) Table 7.2 (1) Housing fits Housing type Load condition Housing fits All conditions H7 Solid or split Outer ring static Heat conducted through G7 housing Light to normal JS7 Direction indeterminate Normal to heavy K7 Heavy shock M7 Solid housing Light or variable M7 Outer ring Normal to heavy N7 rotating Heavy (thin wall housing) Heavy shock P7 Note: Fits apply to cast iron or steel housings. For light alloy housings, a tighter fit than listed is normally required. A-56

4 Table 7.2 (2) Shaft fit Bearing type Cylindrical bore s inner ring or indeterminate direction Load conditions Light or fluctuating variable Normal to heavy Very heavy or shock Ball s Cylindrical and tapered roller s Shaft diameter mm Spherical roller s Shaft fits ~ 18 h5 18~100 ~ 40 js6 100~200 40~140 k6 140~200 m6 ~ 18 js5 18~100 ~ 40 ~ 40 k5 100~140 40~100 40~65 m5 140~ ~140 65~100 m6 200~ ~ ~140 n6 200~ ~280 p6 280~500 r6 50~140 50~100 n6 140~ ~140 p6 200~ 140~ r6 Static inner ring Inner ring axial displacement required Easy axial displacement of inner ring not required All diameters All diameters g6 h6 Tapered bore s (With sleeve) All All diameters h9/it5 Note: 1. All values and fits listed are for solid steel s. 2. For radial s under axial s, all tolerance range classes are js6. 3. Load classifications are as fols: LIght : P r 0.06 C r Normal : 0.06 C r <P r 0.12 C r Heavy : P r >0.12 C r where, P r : Bearing equivalent C r : Bearing basic dynamic rating A-57

5 Technical Data Table 7.3 Solid type needle roller fits Table 7.3 (1) Shaft fit Table 7.3 (2) Housing fit Load type inner ring or indeterminate direction Static inner ring Conditions Scale of Light Normal Heavy and shock Medium & speed revolution, light General application Shaft diameter d mm Shaft fits ~ 50 j5 ~ 50 k5 50~150 m5 150~ m6 ~ 150 m6 150~ n6 All sizes All sizes g6 h6 Static inner ring Outer ring rotating Direction indeterminate Conditions Normal to heavy Normal s with split housings Light s Normal s Heavy and normal s Light s Normal Very heavy or shock High demands on running accuracy with light Housing fits J7 H7 M7 N7 P7 J7 K7 M7 K6 When rotation accuracy is required All sizes h5 Table 7.4 Standard fits for thrust s Table 7.4 (1) Shaft fits Load conditions Shaft diameter Shaft fits Pure axial (All thrust s) Static inner ring s Combined : spherical roller thrust s Inner ring rotating or direction indeterminate All sizes js6 All sizes js6 ~200 k6 200~400 m6 400~ n6 Table 7.4 (2) Housing fits Load conditions Housing fits Remarks Pure axial : All thrust s When another is used to support radial H8 Clearance given between outer ring and housing Accuracy required with thrust ball s Combined : spherical roller thrust s Static outer ring Outer ring rotating or direction indeterminate H7 K7 M7 Normal usage conditions Relatively heavy A-58

6 Table 7.5 Shaft or housing Fits for electric motor s Deep groove ball s Cylindrical roller s Shaft or housing bore Shaft or housing bore diameter mm Fits diameter mm Fits over incl. over incl. 18 j5 40 k5 Shaft k m m n5 Housing All Sizes H6 or J6 All sizes H6 or J6 A-59

7 Technical Data Table 7.6 Fitting values for radial s, Class 0 Table 7.6 (1) Shaft fit Nominal bore diameter of d (mm) over incl. dmp g5 g6 h5 h6 j5 js5 j T~9L 4T~12L 8T~5L 8T~8L 11T~2L 10.5T~2.5L 14T~2L T~11L 3T~14L 8T~6L 8T~9L 12T~2L 11T~3L 15T~2L T~14L 2T~17L 8T~8L 8T~11L 13T~3L 12T~4L 16T~3L T~16L 3T~20L 10T~9L 10T~13L 15T~4L 14.5T~4.5L 19T~4L T~20L 3T~25L 12T~11L 12T~16L 18T~5L 17.5T~5.5L 23T~5L T~23L 5T~29L 15T~13L 15T~19L 21T~7L 21.5T~6.5L 27T~7L T~27L 8T~34L 20T~15L 20T~22L 26T~9L 27.5T~7.5L 33T~9L T~32L 11T~39L 25T~18L 25T~25L 32T~11L 34T~9L 39T~11L T~35L 15T~44L 30T~20L 30T~29L 37T~13L 40T~10L 46T~13L T~40L 18T~49L 35T~23L 35T~32L 42T~16L 46.5T~11.5L 51T~16L T~43L 22T~54L 40T~25L 40T~36L 47T~18L 52.5T~12.5L 58T~18L T~47L 25T~60L 45T~27L 45T~40L 52T~20L 58.5T~13.5L 65T~20L Table 7.6 (2) Housing fit Nominal bore diameter of D (mm) over incl. dmp G7 H6 H7 J6 J7 Js7 K6 housing housing housing housing housing housing housing L~28L 0~17L 0~23L 4T~13L 7T~16L 7.5T~15.5L 7T~10L L~32L 0~19L 0~26L 5T~14L 8T~18L 9T~17L 9T~10L L~37L 0~22L 0~30L 5T~17L 9T~21L 10.5T~19.5L 11T~11L L~45L 0~27L 0~36L 6T~21L 11T~25L 12.5T~23.5L 13T~14L L~53L 0~32L 0~43L 6T~26L 12T~31L 15T~28L 15T~17L L~62L 0~37L 0~50L 6T~31L 13T~37L 17.5T~32.5L 18T~19L L~72L 0~43L 0-~58L 7T~36L 14T~44L 20T~38L 21T~22L L~79L 0~50L 0~65L 7T~43L 14T~51L 20T~45L 21T~29L L~91L 0~59L 0~76L 7T~52L 16T~60L 23T~53L 24T~35L L~104L 0~67L 0~87L 7T~60L 16T~71L 26T~61L 27T~40L L~115L 0~76L 0~97L 7T~69L 18T~79L 28.5T~68.5L 29T~47L L~128L 0~85 0~108 7T~78L 20T~88L 31.5T~76.5L 32T~53L A-60

8 Unit µm js6 k5 k6 m5 m6 n6 p6 r6 12T~4L 14T~1T 17T~1T 17T~4T 20T~4T 24T~8T 28T~12T 12.5T~4.5L 15T~1T 18T~1T 20T~6T 23T~6T 27T~10T 32T~15T 13.5T~5.5L 17T~1T 20T~1T 23T~7T 26T~7T 31T~12T 37T~18T 16.5T~6.5L 21T~2T 25T~2T 27T~8T 31T~8T 38T~15T 45T~22T 20T~8L 25T~2T 30T~2T 32T~9T 37T~9T 45T~17T 54T~26T 24.5T~9.5L 30T~2T 36T~2T 39T~11T 45T~11T 54T~20T 66T~32T 31T~11L 38T~3T 45T~3T 48T~13T 55T~13T 65T~23T 79T~37T 113T~63T 37.5T~12.5L 46T~3T 53T~3T 58T~15T 65T~15T 77T~27T 93T~43T 115T~65T 118T~68T 136T~77T 44.5T~14.5T 54T~4T 63T~4T 67T~17T 76T~17T 90T~31T 109T~50T 139T~80T 143T~84T 51T~16L 62T~4T 71T~4T 78T~20T 87T~20T 101T~34T 123T~56T 161T~94T 165T~98T 58T~18L 69T~4T 80T~4T 86T~21T 97T~21T 113T~37T 138T~62T 184T~108T 190T~114T 65T~20L 77T~5T 90T~4T 95T~23T 108T~23T 125T~40T 153T~68T 211T~126T 217T~132T Unit µm K7 housing M7 N7 P7 housing housing housing 10T~13L 15T~8L 19T~4L 24T~1T 12T~14L 18T~8L 23T~3L 29T~3T 15T~15L 21T~9L 28T~2L 35T~5T 18T~18L 25T~11L 33T~3L 42T~6T 21T~22L 30T~13L 39T~4L 51T~8T 25T~25L 35T~15L 45T~5L 59T~9T 28T~30L 40T~18L 52T~6L 68T~10T 28T~37L 40T~25L 52T~13L 68T~3T 33T~43L 46T~30L 60T~16L 79T~3T 36T~51L 52T~35L 66T~21L 88T~1T 40T~57L 57T~40L 73T~24L 98T~1T 45T~63L 63T~45L 80T~28L 108T~0 A-61

9 Technical Data Table 7.7 Fits for inch series tapered roller (ANSI class 4) Table 7.7 (1) Fit with Unit µm inch Load conditions over Shaft diameter d mm, inch d S incl. Cone bore tolerance 2) Shaft tolerance Extreme fits 3) max min cone Stationary cone Normal s, no shock Heavy s or shock s Cone axial displacement on necessary 1) Cone axial displacement on unnecessary T~13T T~5T T~13T T~5T Use average tight cone fit of 0.5µm/mm, ( inch/inch) of cone bore, use a minimum fit of 25µm, inch tight ~26L ~10L ~51L ~20L T~13L T~5L T~25L T~10L 1) Applies only to ground s. 2) For s with negation deviation indicated in tables, same fit applies. 3) T=tight, L=loose, d=cone bore, mm, inch Note: For s er than class 2, consult NTN. Table 7.7 (2) Fit with housing Unit µm inch Stationary cup cup Load conditions Light and normal s: cup easily axially displaceable Light and normal s: cup axially adjustable Heavy s: cup not axially displaceable Cup not axially displaceable Housing bore diameter mm, inch over incl. A-62 Cup O.D. tolerance 1) Housing bore tolerance Extreme fits 2) L~76L L~30L L~76L L~30L L~76L L~30L T~25L T~10L T~25L T~10L T~51L T~20L T~13T T~5T T~25T T~10T T~25T T~10T T~13T T~5T T~25T T~10T T~25T T~10T 1) For s with negation deviation indicated in tables, same fit applies. 2) T=tight, L=loose Note: For s er than class 2, consult NTN. max min

10 Table 7.8 Fits for inch series tapered roller (ANSI classes 3 and 0) Table 7.8 (1) Fit with Unit µm inch cone Load conditions precision machine tool spindles heavy s, or speed or shock Shaft diameter mm, inch over incl. Cone bore 2) tolerance T~5T T~2T Shaft tolerance Extreme fits 3) max min Use minimum tight cone fit of 0.25µm/mm inch/inch) of cone bore. Stationary cone precision machine tool spindles T~5T T~2T Note: Must be applied for maximum bore dia mm (9.500 inch) in case of class 0 product. Note 1) T=tight, L=loose 2) Must be applied for maximum cup OD mm ( inch) case of class 0 product. Unit µm Table 7.8 (2) Fit with housing inch Load conditions Housing bore diameter mm, inch Cup O.D. tolerance Housing bore tolerance Extreme fits 2) over incl. max min Floating L~38L L~15L L~38L L~14L Stationary cup Clamped Adjustable ~25L ~10L ~25L ~10L T~13L T~5L T~25L T~10L Nonadjustable or in carriers T~ T~ T~ ~0 cup Nonadjustable or in carriers T~13T T~5T T~13T T~5T Note 1) T=tight, L=loose 2) Must be applied for maximum cup OD mm ( inch) case of class 0 product. A-63

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