1 SUMMARY February 2013 THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT The plans: Connecticut has two large state-administered pension systems, four smaller state-administered systems, and many locally-administered systems. The state also maintains two retiree health plans. This analysis focuses primarily on the two large state-administered systems the Connecticut State Employees Retirement System (SERS) and the Connecticut Teachers Retirement System (TRS) which make up about 80 percent of public plan active membership in the state. The impact of the crisis: As a result of the economic crisis, the amount required to amortize unfunded liabilities increased for both SERS and TRS. For SERS, it jumped from from 13 percent to 22 percent of payroll. For TRS, the jump was similar in magnitude, increasing from 12 percent to 20 percent of payroll. Both systems have been relatively responsible funders. Over the crisis period, SERS has paid 90 percent of the annual required contribution (ARC) on average. TRS took a different approach to the funding challenge by issuing $2 billion in pension obligation bonds in Since that time, TRS has paid 100 percent of the ARC. For the state as a whole, the economic crisis increased the share of state and local budgets devoted to pensions from 5.5 percent to 7.0 percent. The impact of pension plan reforms: In the wake of the crisis, SERS cut benefits for current employees and new hires, while TRS made no changes to benefits for current employees or new hires. For SERS, benefit changes included tightening eligibility requirements and decreasing the cost-of-living adjustment. These changes combined reduce the projected employer s contribution to the normal cost from 9 percent to 7 percent of payroll. A key element in the projected pension costs for SERS and TRS will be their ability to stick with their funding schedule. If both systems adhere to their current funding goals the full funding date for SERS and TRS is 2032 and 2035 respectively and assumed returns materialize, the share of state and local budgets devoted to pensions are projected to drop from 7.0 percent today to 2.2 percent by Total state costs: In Connecticut, the state also provides retiree health benefits, which amounted to about 2.7 percent of state and local budgets prior to the crisis and are projected to grow to 3.1 percent by When retiree health and pension costs are combined, Connecticut s total retirement benefit costs as a percent of state and local budgets equaled 8.2 percent prior to the crisis, increased to 9.7 percent during the crisis, and are projected to drop to 5.3 percent in 2046 after pension reforms.
2 CONNECTICUT PENSION PLANS 2 PENSION AND RETIREE HEALTH COSTS: PRE- AND POST-CRISIS CONNECTICUT: TOTAL PENSION AND RETIREE HEALTH COSTS Figure 1. Employer Pension and Retiree Health Costs as Percent of Budget: Pre-Crisis, Post- Crisis, and Post-Reform 12% 8% 4% Pre-crisis (pensions) Post-crisis (pensions) (pensions) (pensions + health) % national average (pensions) Note: Budget = general own source revenues of all Connecticut state/local governments. Retiree health costs assumed pay-as-you-go. Table 1. Employer Pension and Retiree Health Costs as Percent of Budget, by Plan Plan Pre-crisis Post-crisis Total pensions 5.5 % 7.0 % 8.6% 2.2 % Connecticut SERS Connecticut TRS Other pension plans a Total retiree health Connecticut state retiree health Connecticut TRS retiree health Total a Includes three small state-administered plans to cover general assembly and judges, one state-administered municipal plan Connecticut Municipal Employees Retirement System as well as all the locally-administered plans within Connecticut. Sources: CRR calculations from plan actuarial valuations; and U.S. Census Bureau, State and Local Government Finances and State and Local Public-Employee Retirement Systems.
3 CONNECTICUT PENSION PLANS 3 CONNECTICUT STATE EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM (SERS) Figure 2. Pension Costs as Percent of Payroll: Pre-Crisis, Post-Crisis, and Post-Reform 5 4 Full-funding target of Percent of payroll % 22% 32% 1 9% 9% COLA cut by 0.5%; increased 7% 7% age/tenure. 2% 2% 2% 2% Pre-crisis Post-crisis (partial impact: 2028) (full impact: 2046) Employee contribution Employer normal cost UAAL payment KEY FACTS Structure of retirement system Social Security coverage Defined benefit Defined contribution/hybrid Funding method and history Set by statute Actuarially determined Pre-crisis, averaged 100 percent of the GASB-required ARC. Post-crisis rate has averaged 92 percent, with a low of 80.3 percent in Plan design changes Cut COLA: all employees Increased employee contribution Increased age/tenure eligibility: all employees Increased average salary period Reduced benefit factor None Table 2. Pension Finances and Actuarial Item Plan finances Funded ratio 53.6 % 44.4 % Employer ARC rate Percent of ARC paid Pre-crisis Post-crisis Discount rate Payroll growth Amortization period 24 yrs. 19 yrs. 3 yrs. 0 yrs. Sources: Actuarial valuation and CRR calculations.
4 CONNECTICUT PENSION PLANS 4 CONNECTICUT STATE TEACHERS RETIREMENT SYSTEM (TRS) Figure 3. Pension Costs as Percent of Payroll: Pre-Crisis, Post-Crisis, and Post-Reform 4 3 Full-funding target of Percent of payroll 2 12% 2 21% 1 3% 4% 4% 4% COLA increased 6% increased before crisis. 6% 6% 6% before crisis. Pre-crisis Post-crisis (partial impact: 2028) (full impact: 2046) Employee contribution Employer normal cost UAAL payment KEY FACTS Structure of retirement system Social Security coverage Defined benefit Defined contribution/hybrid Funding method and history Set by statute Actuarially determined Pre-crisis, averaged 85 percent of the GASB-required ARC. In 2008, $2 billion in bond proceeds were deposited into the fund. Since then, TRS has paid 100 percent of the ARC. Plan design changes Cut COLA Increased employee contribution Increased age/tenure eligibility Increased average salary period Reduced benefit factor None Table 3. Pension Finances and Actuarial Item Plan finances Funded ratio 65.4 % 61.4 % Employer ARC rate Percent of ARC paid Pre-crisis Post-crisis Discount rate Payroll growth Amortization period 27 yrs. 22 yrs. 6 yrs. 0 yrs. Sources: Actuarial valuations and CRR calculations.
5 CONNECTICUT RETIREE HEALTH PLANS 5 STATE OF CONNECTICUT OTHER POST-EMPLOYMENT BENEFITS PROGRAM Retiree Health as Percent of Budget Average Annual Benefit 2.4% $32, $8, Pension Retiree health Sources: CRR calculations from plan actuarial valuations; and U.S. Census Bureau, State and Local Government Finances. Source: CRR calculations from plan actuarial valuations. Retiree health funding and costs Funding method: Pay-as-you-go with 3 percent contribution by active employees. Medical inflation rate: 8.5 percent, drops to 5 percent. Employer contribution: Retirees to pay portion of premium for healthcare benefits. In 2011, the average retiree contribution was $341 for medical benefits and $320 for dental benefits. Benefits and membership Benefit eligibility: Retiree must be receiving a normal, early, disabled, or pre-retirement survivor pension from one of five state-administered pension systems. Benefits for Medicare-eligible retirees: Secondary coverage provided by the plan. Active employees: 56,968 Beneficiaries: 64,860 Most recent actuarial valuation: 6/30/11
6 CONNECTICUT RETIREE HEALTH PLANS 6 CONNECTICUT STATE TEACHERS RETIREMENT SYSTEM RETIREE HEALTH INSURANCE PLAN Retiree Health as Percent of Budget 0.7% 0.7% Average Annual Benefit $47,423 $5, Pension Retiree health Sources: CRR calculations from plan actuarial valuations; and U.S. Census Bureau, State and Local Government Finances. Source: CRR calculations from plan actuarial valuations. Retiree health funding and costs Funding method: Pay-as-you-go with 1.25 percent contribution made by active employees on salaries in excess of $500,000. Medical inflation rate: 7 percent, drops to 5 percent by Employer contribution: As of 2011, the state subsidizes $110 to $220 of monthly premium based on plan selection and eligibility. Benefits and membership Benefit eligibility: Any member currently receiving a retirement or disability benefit. Benefits provided for Medicare-eligible retirees: Secondary coverage provided by the plan. Active employees: 49,808 Beneficiaries: 35,215 Most recent actuarial valuation: 6/30/2011
Report on the Actuarial Valuation of the Health Insurance Credit Program Prepared as of June 30, 2013 Cavanaugh Macdonald C O N S U L T I N G, L L C The experience and dedication you deserve December 19,
GAO United States Government Accountability Office Report to the Committee on Finance, U.S. Senate January 2008 STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT RETIREE BENEFITS Current Funded Status of Pension and Health Benefits
Teacher Retirement System of Texas Senate Committee on State Affairs December 9, 2014 TRS Created in 1936 by Constitutional amendment (enabling legislation in 1937) and established by Article XVI, Section
SOUTH CAROLINA RETIREE HEALTH INSURANCE TRUST FUND AUDITED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2014 WITH INDEPENDENT AUDITORS REPORT State of South Carolina RICHARD H. GILBERT, JR., CPA DEPUTY STATE
Issue In Brief Members of certain plans in the state s retirement systems currently have the option to purchase an expanded actuarially equivalent annuity benefit at retirement. Should an expanded annuity
CASH BALANCE PLAN PRIMER Cash balance plans: Have features of both defined benefit and defined contribution plans. Can be designed to be generous, reasonable or inadequate, but will be more costly if the
TRENDS AND ISSUES DECEMBER 2008 TRENDS IN HEALTH CARE SPENDING AND HEALTH INSURANCE David P. Richardson, Ph.D. Principal Research Fellow TIAA-CREF Institute EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Recent trends in health care
Teacher Retirement System of Texas House Committee on Pensions February 23, 2015 TRS The Teacher Retirement System manages a $132 billion trust fund and provides pension and health care benefits. TRS serves
CRS Report for Congress Received through the CRS Web Order Code RS20927 Federal Employees Retirement Benefits: Bills in the 108 th Congress Summary Patrick J. Purcell Specialist in Social Legislation Domestic
How Social Security Benefits Are Computed: In Brief Noah P. Meyerson Analyst in Income Security February 4, 2015 Congressional Research Service 7-5700 www.crs.gov R43542 Summary With about $900 billion
An Educational Guide for Individuals Unlocking the value of whole life Whole life insurance as a financial asset Insurance Strategies Contents 3 Whole life insurance: A versatile financial asset 4 Providing
An Overview of TRS and ORP For Employees Eligible to Elect ORP Prepared by: Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board Staff Distributed by: Texas Public Institutions of Higherr Education (revised August
Understanding DROP Deferred Retirement Option Program Fairfax County Retirement Systems 2015 PLEASE NOTE: The provisions referenced in this slide presentation are relevant for employees who were Fairfax
Issue Analysis A Case for Changing Public Retirement Benefits in Georgia (and Possibly Elsewhere) By Allen Buckley 1 Executive Summary While state and local government financial problems are not as great
CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE An Update to the Budget and Economic Outlook: 2015 to 2025 Percentage of GDP Major Health Care Programs Mandatory Spending Social Security Other
Contact TRS Phone 877.517.0020 334.517.7000 Fax 877.517.0021 334.517.7001 Email firstname.lastname@example.org Because email submissions are unsecured, do not include confidential information like your Social Security
State and Local Government Retiree Benefits Retiree Health Care Benefits: Structures, Protections, and Funded Status Barbara Bovbjerg Director, Education, Workforce, and Income Security U.S. Government
Spotlight on The Annual Required Contribution Experience of State Retirement s, FY 01 to FY 13 Keith Brainard and Alex Brown National Association of State Retirement Administrators March 2015 Executive
M a n a g i n g Public-Sector Retiree Health-Care Benefits under the Affordable Care Act By Michael Nadol, Jim Link, and Adam Benson The news surrounding the often contentious launch of the Patient Protection
ADDING EMPLOYER CONTRIBUTIONS TO HEALTH INSURANCE TO SOCIAL SECURITY S EARNINGS AND TAX BASE Karen E. Smith and Eric Toder CRR WP 2014-3 Submitted: January 2014 Released: April 2014 Center for Retirement
The Success of the U.S. Retirement System Copyright 2012 by the Investment Company Institute. All rights reserved. Suggested citation: Brady, Peter, Kimberly Burham, and Sarah Holden. 2012. The Success
Overview of Teacher Retirement System of Texas Tom Guerin Revised September 2011 Revised 10/21/09 TRS retirement plan benefits are funded by member, state, and employer contributions to the trust fund,
Pension Reform and Implicit Pension Debt in China Jia Kang, Zhang Xiaoyun, Wang Min, Duan Xuezhong (Institute of Fiscal Science, MOF). Evolution of the Pension System for Enterprise Employees in China.