1 . WORLD HEALTH GRGANISATION MONDIALE ORGANIZATION < ` DE LA SANTÉ й TWENTIETH WORLD HEALTH ASSEMBLY 2 5 л /\ 1 á7.._ ,...._ J. i.- _.t_5:. в?ь r_ '. _.C, sis+ y А20/P&B/SR/13 22 May 1967 ORIGINAL: ENGLISH COMMITTEE ON PROGRAMME AND BUDGET PROVISIONAL SUMMARY RECORD OF THE THIRTEENTH MEETING Palais des Nations, Geneva Monday, 22 May 1967, at 9.30 a.m. CHAIRMAN: Dr A. H. THOMAS (Sierra Leone) CONTENTS Page 1. Review and approval of the programme and budget estimates for 1968 (continued) Detailed review of the operating programme (continued) The Americas (continued) 2 South -East Asia 2 Europe 10 Western Pacific 3 Inter -regional and other programme activities 33 Note: Corrections to this provisional summary record should reach the Chief Editor, Official Records, World Health Organization, Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland, before 7 July 1967.
2 А20/Р&в/SА/13 page 2 1. REVIEW AND APPROVAL OF THE PROGRAMME AND BUDGET ESTIMATES FOR 1968: Item 2.2 of the Agenda (continued) Detailed review of the operating programme: Item of the Agenda (Official Records Nos. 154, 157 and 158; Documents А20/P&B/9, А20/Р&8/21, A20/14 and А20/Р&B/ Р /2) (continued) The Americas (continued) Dr IAFRUSCIO (Paraguay) joined those speakers who, at the Committee's previous meeting, had paid tribute to the Regional Director for the Americas. Thanks to his efforts, Paraguay had benefited greatly from WHO's assistance. Dr HOLMBERG (Argentina) thanked the Regional Director for all he had done for the American continent. Dr HORWITZ, Regional Director for the Americas, thanked the Committee for the kind words addressed to him personally and for the favourable comments made upon the Regional Office's work, which he would not fail to transmit to his staff. He also wished to thank all who had assisted the Regional Office in its task. He also wished to express his deep gratitude to the representative of Brazil for having honoured the memory of Dr Santiago Rengifo for his outstanding services to his country. South -East Asia The CHAIFМAN requested the Regional Director for South -East Asia to introduce the proposed programme and budget estimates for the Region (Official Records No. 154, pages 262 and 305; Official Records No. 158, pages 55-56).
3 А20/Р&B /SR /13 page 3 Dr MAN', Regional Director for South -East Asia, said that, although the pattern of WHO- assisted health programmes in South -East Asia was gradually changing, 40 per cent. of the budget for the Region was still allocated to communicable disease control. The largest part of that percentage figure was for malaria; smallpox, tuberculosis and leprosy accounted for the second, third and fourth largest amounts respectively. In previous years tuberculosis had received the second largest allocation, but there was a marked increase in the proposed allocation for smallpox control in Governments in the Region would also be making large provision for smallpox control in Nevertheless it was unlikely that the degree of success would be proportionate to the financial outlay, since the basic health infrastructure in the Region was still too weak to ensure a 100 per cent, immunization of the newborn. Consequently, despite repeated mass vaccination campaigns, there was a growing non -immune infant population. For some years past the programmes against individual diseases and the programmes to strengthen the basic health services had been in competition for the available resources. Although every effort was being made to strengthen the health infrastructure, progress was slow. The most urgent need, therefore, was for increased support for education and training, in which connexion the Organization was concentrating its efforts on four main sectors: the training of doctors, nursing staff, auxiliaries and paramedical personnel.
4 Ato /Р &в /sн /13 page 4 In its programme for training doctors, the Organization provided teams of con- sultants for medical schools and arranged seminars as well as teaching workshops with special emphasis on teaching and examination methods. Two training courses had been organized, in general epidemiology and tuberculosis control respectively, а part of the training taking place at the University of Prague and the remainder in WHO- assisted field institutions in India. The number of fellowships was also being increased. The programme for training nurses, which was proceeding well and was being expanded, aimed at raising the professional standard, through post -basic and post -graduate degree courses and specialization, and also at training auxiliary nurse- midwives. In a number of countries, short refresher courses, given by WHO staff, were held on a continuing basis. The programme for auxiliaries, besides training auxiliary nurse -midwives, provided support for the training courses for health assistants and for the lowest level of multipurpose basic health workers. There were good courses for health assistants in Burma, Nepal, Mongolia, and Indonesia, but in other countries such courses had as yet been inadequately developed. There were courses in Thailand and India for training multipurpose basic health workers, but those required further expansion. The Organization had helped to draw up the syllabus for training courses and to define the functions of auxiliaries. Under the programme to train paramedical personnel, courses had been organized for laboratory and X -ray technicians, physiotherapists and medical record officers.
5 Aго/P&в/вн/13 page 5 Other activities in the Region, as reflected in the programme for 1968, included training courses in hospital physics and radiation protection, hospital and rural health statistics, short courses in hospital administration and a seminar on water pollution. The Organization was also engaged in a number of environmental health activities, including the development, in collaboration with UNICEF, of water supplies in rural areas and the initiation of a new project, together with the United Nations Development Programme, to develop water supplies in a coastal area of Ceylon. In order to help countries to be self -sufficient, the Organization was helping India, Indonesia, Burma, and Thailand to produce freeze -dried smallpox vaccine, BCG vaccine, triple vaccine for diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus, and poliomyelitis vaccine. In the field of nutrition, the Organization was supporting training courses for medical staff within the Region. A short certificate course had already been organized in collaboration with the Nutrition Institute in Hyderabad, and a longer diploma course would start in It was hoped thus to provide realistic training in nutrition within the Region. Lastly, he reported that, under the regular budget, the Organization was to increase the number of its fellowships for the Region from 120 in 1967 to 215 in Most of the increases would be in environmental health, communicable diseases, health education, maternal and child health, nutrition, and education and training.
6 Aго /Р&в /sн /l3 page 6 Dr SOEPARMO (Indonesia), after thanking the Regional Director for his report, said that he wished to comment specifically upon the leprosy control programme in Indonesia. UNICEF had been supplying equipment for the programme for a considerable time and WHO had appointed a leprosy adviser and also awarded a certain number of fellowships. while it might be possible to envisage discontinuing the provision for the post of leprosy adviser in 1968, the Organization's assistance with regard to fellowships was essential, in his opinion, particularly in view of the work of the rehabilitation centre established to help invalids to return to their community. The centre not only provided medical care but also trained invalids, in so far as possible, for the work best suited to their physical incapacities. He therefore wished to stress the great need for fellowships to facilitate the centre's work. Dr HAQUE (Pakistan) said that the Regional Director, in commenting on the programmes for training auxiliary and paramedical health personnel, had referred to three different categories of staff: the health assistant, the multipurpose basic health worker and the laboratory technician. However, in India - a country with limited resources - the multipurpose worker first received training in basic health matters and, thereafter, some form of specialized training. In rural health centres and sub -centres it was essential for one worker to be able to replace another. He therefore wondered whether it was necessary to divide such workers into three separate categories.
7 A20/p&в/sR/l3 page 7 Dr BUDJAV (Mongolia) said that it was clear from the proposed programme and budget estimates for 1968 (Official Records No. 154) that considerable funds had been provided for projects in the South -East Asia Region. The programme and estimates for Mongolia were in the main satisfactory. However, as the Minister of Health had emphasized in the plenary meeting, it was not advisable to send many short -term con- sultants for projects to which long -term advisers were already assigned. He requested the Director -General and the Regional Director to bear that comment in mind in connexion with the execution of the programme for 1968 and the preparation of the proposed programme for 1969 for Mongolia. His country would like certain projects to be modified so as to reduce the number of consultants and increase the number of fellowships, which were greatly needed to enable Mongolia's young doctors to improve their qualifications, Dr MUNASINGHE (Ceylon) said that his country had benefited greatly from WHO's assistance, He thanked the Regional Director and the WHO representative for their co- operation. Dr BANGXANG (Thailand) expressed his appreciation to WHO and to the Regional Office for the assistance rendered to Thailand, where much had been achieved. For example, treponematosis had virtually disappeared, the incidence of tuberculosis had been halved and considerably progress had been made in malaria eradication. In future, further assistance would be appreciated in the control of communicable diseases and venereal disease, as well as in environmental health, water and air pollution and for the sewerage and drainage plants in Bangkok.
8 Аг0 /P&в /sн /13 page 8 Dr CHANDRASEKHAR (India) said that he hesitated to speak of the Regional Director's many achievements for fear of appearing somewhat immodest since Dr Mani had been a "member of his own Ministry. Nevertheless, he wished to place on record his own appreciation and that of his Government for the dedicated work carried out by the Regional Director on behalf of WHO for nearly two decades. From the point of view of health, South -East Asia was one of the world's most difficult areas, and the Regional Director's main problem had been vastly inadequate resources. He had,. however, done a remarkable job, particularly in the control of such communicable diseases as malaria, smallpox, tuberculosis, leprosy and yaws. He had also advanced medical and paramedical education and training, both at the graduate and post -graduate level, and had helped to promote dental and mental health. Last but not least, he had not overlooked the need to develop the rural health services. Dr Mani had never spared himself in his efforts to promote the health of the Region. Dr MANI, Regional Director for South -East Asia, replying to points raised, first assured the delegate of Indonesia that he foresaw no difficulty in continuing to provide fellowships for the leprosy control programme. He hoped the supplies furnished through UNICEF's good offices would also be maintained. As far as the WHO adviser was concerned, since the incidence of leprosy in Indonesia was low and a number of local staff had been trained, it had been felt that his services could be withdrawn.
9 А 20/Р&В/ѕR/l page 9 The question raised by the delegate of Pakistan on the different categories of basic health worker was rather more complex. A serious effort had been made in the Region to restrict the number of categories in the sub -professional level. According to his definition, a health or medical assistant was a person who, after a training period of from two to two and a half years, could work under the supervision of a fully qualified doctor, performing a number of duties that did not require the doctor's professional services; he could, for instance, screen all outpatients, referring to the doctor only those that needed his professional skill. The multipurpose basic worker served at the lowest level of the public health ladder. He might have been, for example, a malaria worker who, after a three- to six -month retraining period, would be able to provide some elementary medical care and help with immunizations, sanitation and health education. Laboratory technicians, whom he regarded as paramedical staff, could be subdivided into two categories: the laboratory assistant who had undergone training for only one year and the technician who had undergone a two -year training period and who could undertake numerous laboratory functions under the supervision of a bacteriologist. In that connexion he informed the Committee that there was a first -class course for laboratory technicians in Ceylon, which had received support from the Organization. In answer to the delegate of Mongolia, he said that the Regional Office would consult the Government of Mongolia before appointing any short -term consultants. There would be no difficulty in providing Mongolia with more fellowships.
10 А20/Р&B/SR/13 page 10 Lastly, he said that he had noted the request made by the delegate of Thailand, in which connexion he foresaw no difficulty. Europe The СHAIRMAN requested the Regional Director for Europe to introduce the proposed programme and budget estimates for the Region (Official Records No. 154, pages ; Official Records No. 158, pages 56-58). Dr KAPRIO, Regional Director for Europe, said that it was the first time that he had had the privilege of presenting the programme and budget estimates for the European Region and, as a newcomer, he was particularly interested in the amount available for developing the Organization's programme in Europe. The Regional Office for Europe had a somewhat limited budget and the estimates under the regular budget for 1968 showed an increase of only 7.7 per cent. as compared with However, since the publication of Official Records No which, on pages , contained the proposed programme and budget estimates for the Region for additional amounts had been provided under the United Nations Development Programme for a Technical Assistance programme in Spain and a Special Fund project for waste disposal and water supply in Malta; moreover, it was expected that the United Nations Development Programme's assistance to the Region would increase in 1967 and An account of the Executive Board's consideration at its thirty -ninth session of the proposed programme and budget estimates for the Region for 1968 was to be found in Official Records No. 158 (pages 56-58), together with detailed statistics.
11 А20/Р&B/SR/13 page 11 In 1968, the Regional Office eou.ld maintain the services offered to Member States in the past. Those services could be grouped under three main headings. The first group of services were rendered through country programmes which, in many countries, involved only the provision of fellowships. In others, however, such as Algeria, Morocco and Turkey, country programmes were of a considerable size and included the provision of the services of WHO staff and equipment and supplies. They were supported by UNICEF, and WHO representatives played an important part in the efficient co- ordination of the assistance rendered in that connexion by the various international organizations, and also on a bilateral and voluntary basis. The second group of services was rendered through inter - country programmes and included such activities as organizing small workshops, conferences and refresher courses and also supporting academic institutions over a number of years. The third group of services was difficult to define from the budget point of view but the main activity could be regarded as a clearing house service, rendered by the regional health officers through their visits to countries, through correspondencé with national experts and through the work of the short -term consultants and temporary advisers who carried out studies or discussed health problems with national administrations. Such activities involved the Region's three main language areas, forming a valuable link and allowing for an interchange of ideas.
12 A20 /P&в /Sн /13 page 12 In addition to the traditional aspects of the Organization's activities, the proposals for 1968 included a new and important element - the control of cardio- vascular diseases - which, he trusted, would constitute a fresh approach and, at the same time, complement the services to which he had already referred. At its fifteenth session in 1965, the Regional Committee had requested the Regional Director to submit a plan for intensifying the Organization's activities in Europe with respect to cardiovascular diseases. At its sixteenth session in 1966, it had discussed the plan and decided to increase the existing provision of $ by a further $ which meant that, in 1968, $ was available to promote the prevention and control of cardiovascular diseases. A regional working group was to meet in Copenhagen in July 1967 to study, and express an opinion on, the Regional Office's proposals, following which a more detailed plan would be presented to the Regional Committee, in accordance with its request, at its seventeenth session in September There had, of course, already been a tendency to concentrate the Organization's activities upon the development of specific programmes - in earlier years, on nursing and, later, on mental health. But the programme for cardiovascular diseases represented the most systematic approach yet made to a specific programme in the Region. The prog- ramme would be carried out over a number of years and the methods used would certainly be the subject of future discussions by the Regional Committee< Over the past few years, environmental health activities had developed rapidly, mainly because the Organization had been appointed participating and executing agency for programmes financed under the United Nations Development Programme. Programmes
13 A2о /Р&Ё /sп /13 page 13 were under way in Poland and Turkey, another was about to start in Malta, and several requests were under consideration. Because of the size of the programmes and of the administrative problems involved, the staff in the environmental sanitation unit would have to be increased. A Special Fund project to assist Bulgaria in the field of public health was also being envisaged. Referring next to what could be termed "public health methodology ", he said that, at the suggestion of Member States, the Organization had dealt not only with general public health administration but also with the more scientific question of analysing health services methodically, from the economic, administrative and technical points of view. Among the activities proposed for 1968 in that connexion were a study on the effectiveness of the tuberculosis control programme (EURO 0321), automation of public health laboratory services (EURO 0323), a seminar on the economics of health (EURO 03)9) and a seminar on the public health use of electronic computers (EURO 3092). Another important aspect of the Organization's activities was education and training which, of course, bore a certain relation to all its other activities. The Organization had pioneered the task of training health personnel to meet the Region's new needs and, in the proposals for 1968, provision had been included for the training of sanitary engineers in the Russian and French languages respectively (EURO 3361 and 3362), a study on advanced nursing education (EURO 0342) and a course on the application of statistical methods to medicine and public health (EURO 2163).
14 А20/ P&B/sR/13 page 14 The Regional Office also maintained permanent services in the field of epidemiology and vital and health statistics. The results of studies made in that connexion had been on occasions submitted to the Regional Committee in the form of technical papers. The proposals for the 1968 programme included studies on chronic rheumatoid arthritis (EURO 2133) and epidemiological studies (EURO 0350). Evaluation and long -term planning, to which the Regional Committee had paid considerable attention at its session in 1966, were not specifically refelected in the 1968 budget. However, a symposium was to be held later in 1967 on matters of evaluation of public health programmes and its recommendations would be trans- mitted to Member States in The Regional Office was studying long -term planning and it was hoped to hold a discussion on the subject at the Regional Committee's seventeenth session to be held in September In conclusion, he pointed out that, according to the Organizations's scale of assessments, Member States in the Region contributed 42 per cent. to WHO's overall budget - a figure that rose to 45 per cent. if account were taken of the inactive Members. Some of the countries in the Region also rendered a considerable amount of assistance to bilateral programmes and it was essential, in his opinion, that ministries of health should have more say in formulating the health aspects of such programmes. Professor GOOSSENS (Belgium) congratulated the Regional Director on that occasion, which marked his first attendance at the Health Assembly in his new capacity. The Region whose health affairs he would direct was among those with the greatest numbers of Member States, but they were States that, while sharing a certain common cultural heritage, had evolved in different directions and at
15 His A2сfP&в/Sн/13 page 15 different rates and now presented singularly diverse structures. Further, the long history of those States, while endowing them with well -developed health services, had burdened them with tradition and habit which sometimes slowed down their ability to adapt to social and technical evolution. The health problems of particular concern in the region were those that could be termed "diseases of development "; they included mental illness, cancer, cardiovascular disease, geriatric problems, accidents, radiation sicknesses and abuse of dangerous substances. Those were relatively new problems where know- ledge of the epidemiology, prevention and treatment were still at an elementary stage. The task of the Regional Director would, therefore, be demanding but challenging. The Belgian delegation wished him success and assured him of its utmost co- operation. Dr ARNAUDOV (Bulgaria) thanked the Regional Director and his staff for the work accomplished. delegation was pleased to note that, to an ever - increasing extent, during the discussion of the proposed regional programme, certain problems of great importance to the European countries were tackled in a way that afforded wide. prospects for future development, and welcomed the fact that the Regional Office was taking account of the recommendations made by the Regional Committee for Europe at its 1966 session.
16 Am /P&.B /5R /i3 page 16 Bulgaria's contacts with the Regional Office were information and increasingly effective help were being for taking part in various WHO activities were growing improving, more received, opportunities His Government and Ministry of Health had in the past and would in the future do everything possible to facilitate the work of the specialists visiting the country. He took the opportunity of congratulating the new Regional Director, Dr Kaprio, and of wishing him success in his work. Dr AMMUNDSEN (Denmark) said that she had had the privilege of working in close contact with the new Regional Director and appreciated his talents for leadership and negotiations. She wished him every success in his task and congratulated him on his appointment. Dr DAELEN (Federal Republic of Germany) likewise congratulated the new Regional Director and wished him success. One of the activities of the Regional Office which had been of particular value to her country was the programme of undergraduate medical training; the circulation of the medical education bulletin had been of great assistance in establishing the curriculum icr the new medical schools in Bochum and Ulm. Dr CLAVERO DEL CAMPO (Spain) expressed his appreciation of the work of the Regional Office and of the leadership of both the present and the previous Director. With the assistance of WHO, Spain had been able to complete certain programmes in the fields of malaria eradication, premature births, syphilis and trachoma and to develop other eradication and rehabilitation programmes. Requests for assistance were made by his country with some reluctance because it was aware of the greater needs of other countries.
17 Ago /P&в /sr /13 page 17 Dr SIDERIUS (Netherlands) said that the programme of training and studies on chronic and degenerative diseases reflected the interest of the Regional Committee in specific health problems of major concern to the region. To the new Regional Director, whose ability and efficiency were evident, he pledged full support in carrying out the programme and he awaited with interest the development of suggestions as to bilateral programmes. Professor SENAULT (France) congratulated the Regional Director on his appoint- ment. The French delegation viewed with satisfaction the trend of the programmes planned by the Regional Office and assured the Regional Director that he could count on the continued active support of France in all programmes whether of short - or long -term duration. Dr AHMETELI (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) said that the programme of activities for the European Region reflected the views expressed in the intensive and critical discussions that had taken place at the sixteenth session of the Regional Committee, and the new Regional Director, Dr Kaprio, had taken full account of the proposals made. The Soviet delegation congratulated him and wished him success in his work. There were certain particularities of the work in the Region which were of significance not only for Europe but also for the other regions. First - to name the most important - research was being undertaken not only on problems affecting Europe, such as cardiovascular diseases, mental health and chronic diseases, but
18 А2.о/Р&в/SR/13 page 18 also on malaria, smallpox, tuberculosis, virus diseases, etc., which were of interest to the developing countries. Secondly, activities directed to the education and advanced training of medical personnel, such as seminars and fellow- ships, including undergraduate fellowships, concerned not only Europe but also the developing countries. Thirdly, there was the collaboration and exchange of information on the experience of health services based on different social and economic principles, which would no doubt favour the gradual extension of planned health service systems providing curative and preventive medical care. Finally, nearly all the European countries, in addition to the multilateral assistance extended through WHO and the Technical Assistance component of the United Nations Development Programme, were providing bilateral assistance to the developing countries. Dr SAUZER (Switzerland) congratulated the Regional Director on his appointment. Attempts to overcome the shortage of nurses in Switzerland had hitherto been based on campaigns for increased recruitment, but it was now clear that that alone would not suffice; it was necessary to ascertain whether the resources of qualified nursing personnel were being used to the best advantage. A large -scale inquiry had been undertaken in general hospitals, with the aid of the Regional Office, to determine the type of activities undertaken by nurses, where tasks now done by nurses could be performed by auxiliary personnel and the type of training the latter would require, and the use made of auxiliaries. The answers to those questions might permit redeployment of qualified nurses and thus help to solve one of the most
19 А2о/Р&в/sR/13 page 19 serious health problems at present existing in Switzerland and perhaps in other countries. He wished to associate his thanks to the new Regional Director for his assistance in this problem with an expression of appreciation for the help given by the previous Regional Director. Dr ALDER (Romania) likewise congratulated the Regional Director on his appoint- ment and on the outlined programme of activities. Although communicable disease was not a major problem in the Region, chronic and degenerative diseases and the harmful influences of industrialization and urbanization presented grave threats t^ health. The task of the Regional Director in meeting the requests of Member States would be onerous; he wished him every success and assured him of full support. Dr VAN ZELIRR (Portugal) paid tribute to the work of Dr Van de Calseyde, the previous Regional Director, and congratulated Dr Kaprio on his appointment as Regional Director. Although the relationship of Portugal with the Organization would be limited in consequence of resolution WHА19.31, nevertheless she assured the Regional Director of continued loyalty and every possible support and wished him success in his task. Professor CANAPERIA (Italy) associated himself with the tribute to Dr Van de Calseyde and with the congratulations to the new Regional Director. His delegation noted with satisfaction the inclusion in the programme of education and training activities and of new projects in the field of chronic and degenerative diseases. It was scarcely necessary to emphasize the importance of professional training, but
20 A20 /P&B /SR /13 page 20 it might be well to remember that the doctor of the future would not only be a technician charged with the duty of curing his patients but the guardian of the health of the individual and the community. Regarding chronic and degenerative diseases, he agreed with the proposal of the Regional Director that a concentration of the somewhat limited r. sources available in one field of particular interest to the Region should have satisfactory results. For the future, he hoped that a place might be found in the programme of WHO for a study of the epidemiology and health aspects of traffic accidents, which were a major problem in Europe today. He. assured the Regional Director of the continued support and collaboration of the Italian health administration and wished him every success. Dr DOUBEK (Czechoslovakia) likewise congratulated the Regional Director on his appointment and expressed the hope that the cordial relations already established with the Regional Office would develop in fruitful collaboration. Dr ALAN (Turkey) joined in the congratulations to the new Regional Director and thanked him for the attention he had paid to the request by the Government of Turkey 4I concerning the programme for The attitude of his delegation to the programme for 1968 had been stated during the meeting of the Regional Committee and did not need re- elaboration. He paid tribute to Dr Van de Calseyde and wished the new Regional Director success in nis task.
21 A20 /P&B /5R /l3 page 21 Mr KOSTEOKI (Poland) expressed his delegation's satisfaction that Dr Kaprio had been chosen as Regional Director, and thanked him for the detailed programme presented for the Region. Dr Kaprio had already given proof of his ability during the short time he had been in office and would certainly contribute to the successful execution of the regional programme in the future. The Polish delegation wished him every success. The issue of the Journal of Medical Education was extremely useful to his country in connexion with the revision of the system of medical education. Of great importance, also, was the development of the co- operation between WHO and Polish research institutes; the cardiological and pharmacological institutes and those working on pharmaceutical preparations were prepared to collaborate with the Organization. Dr BROT1ERSTON (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) joined in the congratulations to the new Regional Director and assured him of the full support of the United Kingdom delegation. Dr EL KATL (Algeria) congratulated the new Regional Director, thanked him for his interest in the health problems of Algeria and wished him success in his task.
22 А20 /Р &В /SR /l3 page 22 Professor GERIC (Yugoslavia) likewise congratulated the new Regional Director and wished him success in his work. Side by side with the modern problems of the developed countries in the Region, there still existed the classic problems such as tuberculosis and infectious disease, particularly infectious hepatitis, which needed to be faced. He was sure that that would be borne in mind by the Regional Office. Dr da COSTA (Portugal) said that he supported the proposal of the delegate of Italy regarding the value of a study by WHO on traffic accidents. The number of deaths and cases of permanent or temporary disability resulting from road accidents made the problem of major importance. Accidents could be divided into two categories - offences and real accidents. The first category covered criminal or negligent actions, whereas the second covered those accidents caused by man's inability to cope with the complexities of modern life. The attention of health services should be focused on means of preventing accidents in the second category. There was one point in the programme for 1968 to which he also wished to draw attention; it did not seem that the budgetary provision for the malaria eradication programme would be sufficient. Dr KAPRIO, Regional Director for Europe, thanked delegates for their congratu- lations; their kind remarks on the programme would be transmitted to his predecessor and to the staff of the Regional Office who were mainly responsible for it. He
23 A20/P&B/5R/13 page 23 would take note of the comments on medical education, nursing and infectious diseases. He agreed with the importance of accidents as a danger to health. During 1967 a seminar would be held in Leningrad on resuscitation and casualty services and there would be a symposium in Rome on human factors in road accidents. Specific studies on traffic accidents would involve co- operation with many bodies outside the Organization including, principally, traffic authorities, but the problem would be kept in mind for further consideration. Western Pacific Dr DY, Regional Director for the Western Pacific, after stating that the occasion was the first on which he was speaking before the Health Assembly, said that there had been no major changes in the priorities set by ovеrnments for over -all health developments. However, there was a tendency to move from long -term to short -term projects, in which consultants were appointed to advise on particular aspects of a problem. In the developing countries emphasis would continue to be given to health planning, the development of peripheral basic health services, and the control of communicable diseases. The need for specialized units at the central level to help in the technical guidance of field operations of the general health services had been recognized to an increasing extent. Interest was shown in institutional medical care, with particular reference to its links with social security schemes, and in the establishment of vital and health statistics and central epidemiological services. Nutrition was another field in which new projects had been planned.
24 A2о /Р&B /SR /г3 page 24 Activities lithe field of sanitation had grown considerably and almost every developing country in the Region was now receiving assistance in that field. The first United Nations Development Programme /Special Fund project in the Region had started in December It consisted of the preparation of a master plan for sewerage for metropolitan Manila. A number of other governments had asked for advice in connexion with the development of similar programmes. Continued assistance would be provided to the malaria eradication programmes in Malaysia and the Philippines. The WHO staff would be withdrawn from Brunei at the end of 1967, from which time assistance would be limited to fellowships. WHO independent assessment teams had already made an appraisal of the programme in Sabah. Later in the current year assessments would be made of the programmes in the British Solomon Islands Protectorate, C2mbodia and Sarawak. In 1968 the team would visit Laos and the Philippines. It wash possible, therefore, that changes might be made in the programme following those visits. The chief problem in a number of countries was the inability of the health infrastructure to support a malaria programme. Particularly in pre -eradication programmes more emphasis would have to be placed on that aspect.
25 А20/Р&B/SR/1j page 2j As health services expanded, the need for health personnel would become even greater and therefore the award of fellowships would continue to be a major factor in the regional programme. To the greatest extent possible, priority had been given to fellowships requested for staff connected with WHO - assisted projects and individuals holding teaching and leadership positions. It was hoped that eventually all fellowships requested by the developing countries would form part of national health plans. The usefulness of inter -country teams capable of serving a wider group of countries had been well demonstrated by the work done by the environmental health and maternal and child health teams in the South Pacific and the regional tuberculosis advisory team; their continuation into 1969 was proposed. A regional communicable disease advisory team would start work later in the present year. A programme of work was at present being drawn up based on the replies received from eighteen countries and territories concerning their major communicable disease problems. The inter -country group educational activities proposed included a regional tuberculosis training course and seminars on cardiovascular diseases, venereal diseases and filariasis. The latter was jointly sponsored by the South Pacific Commission and was specifically designed for territories in the South Pacific,
26 А20/Р&B/SR/13 page 2б In the South. Pacific area, where distances were so great and the territories rather small, it had been found more economical and beneficial to provide advisory services on a zonal basis. A public health nurse educator would continue to advise countries and territories in that area on the integration of training in public health into nurse training programmes. Assistance would be given to the nutrition education and training centre in Fiji which had been constructed by the South Pacific Health Serviсe. That project was also supported by the South Pacific Commission, FAO and UNICEF. As the needs were many and the resources limited, every effort was being made to evaluate the long -term projects, and to determine when assistance could be withdrawn. That was done by the regional advisers and WH0 representatives during their field visits. Programme review meetings were held twice a month to study the progress being made in specific fields and twice a year the entire regional programme was reviewed. Consultants were also called upon to carry out independent assessments of the progress made after the withdrawal of WHO staff or to follow up action taken in connexion with the recommendations made by former consultants. In that manner it was possible to keep up to date with the progress of all WHOassisted projects, to make modifications, suggest terminations and to determine the need for further assistance. Following the request of the Government of Viet -Nam a slight modification had been made in that country's programme within the total figure for 1968.
27 А20/Р&B/SR/1j page 27 He believed that the recommended programme and budget proposals made the most effective use of available resources and also met the priorities of the governments in the Region.. Dr 'BU (China) expressed his satisfaction with the proposed programme for the Region. Activities had been carefully selected and he hoped that they would meet with the approval of the Committee. He congratulated the Regional Director on the. effective work being accomplished in the Region. Dr THOR PENG THONG (Cambodia) after thanking the President, said that for nearly, ten years his country had, not had the good fortune to receive a visit from the Regional Director. Nevertheless, he was not losing hope because he liked to believe that the Regional Director of the Western Pacific had perhaps been too busy and that this was therefore only a temporary state of affairs. Despite the fact that WHO's activities in the Western Pacific Region had grown considerably he was very glad to see that its programme had remained efficient and was perfectly geared to the needs of Member countries. In his country in particular WHO greatly contributed to the development of the national health services. Those remarkable results had been achieved thanks to the competence and incessant efforts of the WHO personnel in the Regional Office. For that reason he wished to congratulate the Regional Director and his staff and to offer his country's profound thanks on behalf of his Government and delegation. He was delighted to see that Dr Dy was following in the footsteps of his predecessor, and on behalf of his delegation he wished to congratulate him on his election and wish him every success.
28 A2о/P&в/sR/13 page 28 Dr TRUING MINI CAC (Viet -Nam) congratulated the Regional Director on his appointment and expressed his deep appreciation of the constant efforts he had made to provide increasing aid for Viet -Nam. The Regional Director had visited Viet -Nam on several occasions to discuss local problems with a view to the possibility of implementing certain important projects, such as the future establishment of a national public health institute, the reorganization of quarantine services, national health planning, the development of an environmental health programme, etc. He wished to take the opportunity also to pay tribute to the previous Regional Director, Dr Fang. He extended his heartfelt gratitude to the Regional Director and his staff, as well as to all WHO experts, whose valuable help had made it possible for a large number of national health programmes to progress normally in spite of the difficult conditions prevailing in the country. Dr KE Y (New Zealand) commended the Regional Director on the work hitherto accomplished and expressed his delegation's confidence in his effective administration. He could be assured of every support from the New Zealand authorities. It was gratifying to note that the Regional Director would be visiting New Zealand in July of the current year. Dr SAYCOCIE (Laos) said that, as the head of his delegation had stated in plenary session, the delegation of Laos was satisfied with the valuable results being accomplished by the various projects in the course of implementation.
29 A2о /P &в /sw/13 page 29 Laos, as a small country, had benefited from assistance supplied not only by WHO and by UNICEF but also by a number of countries, including the United States of America, France, the United Kingdom and Japan, in the form of help in the building of hospitals and in provision of supplies and equipment. He wished to take that opportunity to express his country's deep gratitude for such assistance, without which the Ministry of Public Health could not have fulfilled its obligations. He extended a welcome to the Regional Director and assured him that the authorities in Laos would continue to collaborate to the utmost with the Regional Office. Dr SODA (Japan) associated his delegation with those who had expressed apprec- iation of the activities undertaken by the Regional Director. It was a source of satisfaction to his Government that an increasing number of fellows and visitors were coming to Japan to deal with problems common to Japan and to their countries. Those problems included family planning, and in rural areas environmental health and nuisance abatement, particularly with regard to noise and to air and water pollution, and the detrimental effect on health of the use of insecticides. The Institute of Public Health in Tokyo was running a special course on environmental pollution, both in Japanese and in English. Training courses were also being organized with relation to tuberculosis. He assured the Regional Director of his country's willingness to co- operate in other programmes in the Western Pacific Region as well as in other areas.
30 Аг0 /P&В /sr /l3 page 30 Dr MAYUGA (Philippines) joined with other delegates in expressing appreciation to the Regional Director for his effective implementation of the WHO programme, particularly in the Philippines, where the malaria eradication programme was recovering from setbacks due to administrative difficulties and was now regaining momentum under the able leadership of the Regional Director. Dr AHMETFTT (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) said that the discussion on the programme and the work accomplished in the Western Pacific Region had been as smooth as those on the other regions; and yet, the countries of the Western Pacific Region, and particularly Viet -Nam, were in a very different position from the countries of the other regions, and the Committee did not have the right to shut its eyes to that fact. Senator Kennedy, speaking before the participants in the Twentieth World Health Assembly, had spoken of the sufferings of the Vietnamese people; brought about by what he called "the unfortunate conflict going on in Viet - Nam ". In his opinion WHO and other international organizations should play an important role in Viet -Nam by intensifying work in malaria eradication, comrmuni- cab a disease control, environmental sanitation, nutrition, etc. He had expressed the hope that WHO would always be able to act, on a humanitarian basis, wherever people were in urgent need. Naturally, the Soviet delegation disagreed entirely with Senator Kennedy and with Dr Stewart, who had twice spoken in the plenary meeting, on their appreciation of the political bases and causes of the terrible war of annihilation that -was
31 A2 %&В /sr /13 page 31 being waged in Viet -Nam. His country's view on that so- called "unfortunate conflict" had been clearly expressed in the speech of the Chief Delegate of the Soviet Union in the plenary meeting. But his delegation also considered that WHO could not remain indifferent to the sufferings of the Vietnamese population, and should play its important role. It was impossible to shut ones eyes to the victims among the civilian population, in particular among the children, suffering from the effects of napalm and bombing. It had to be remembered that the Vietnamese population was in dire need of food supplies on account of the destruction of the rice crops which provided the staple food in the country. Information was needed on h:1w many hospitals, leprosaria, tuberculosis sanitaria and children's institutions had been destroyed by bombing and which would have to be restored. The sharp increase in the number of communicable diseases, such as malaria and cholera in Viet -Nam affected not only the population of that country but also of the neighbouring countries. Those facts should be carefully studied and analysed in WHO, since the restoration of the health services in Viet -Nam would fall in large measure ;)n the shoulders of the Organization. The least that the Twentieth World Health Assembly could do was to express its concern over the sufferings of the civilian population, and especially the chi_lд population of both South and North Viet -Nam, the destruction of health institutions, the complications in the execution of mass campaigns and the
32 А2о/PвcB/вн/13 page 32 deterioration of the epidemiological situation in Viet -Nam and neighbouring countries. The Assembly should ask the Director -General to study carefully all the information on the subject and make a report to the Executive Board and the Twenty -first World Health Assembly. He believed that the members of the Committee would be fulfilling their duty as physicians if they were to adopt the following draft resolution, which he submitted for their consideration: The Twentieth World Health Assembly, Having reviewed the programme and budget for 1968 for the Western Pacific Region; Peing deeply concerned over the serious worsening of the epidemiological situation in Viet -Nam, over the sufferings of the civilian population and over the destruction of medical and children's establishments in this country, REQUESTS the Director - General to study all available data on the subject and to submit a report to the forty -first session of the Executive Board and the Twenty -first World Health Assembly. The CHAIRMAN requested the delegate of the USSR to submit his proposal in writing to the Secretariat. Dr АКHМЕтЕп (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) undertook to do so. Dr BOXALL (Australia) joined other delegations in expressing appreciation of the work of the Regional Director, who would be welcome whenever he visited Australia. He extended to him the assurance of his Government's utmost co- operation at all times. Dr DY, Regional Director for the Western Pacific, was deeply grateful for the kind remarks made.
33 А20 /Р&B /SR /13 page 33 It was a source of great regret to him that he had not as yet found it possible to visit Cambodia. In fact, since his appointment he had spent some time in hospital. He assured the delegate of Cambodia that a visit to his country ranked high among his priorities for travel. With regard to the situation in Viet -Nam, he had had consultations with the Ministry of Health of that country and priorities had then been established, along the lines indicated by the Viet -Nam authorities, as to which programmes should be implemented as soon as possible. He had noted all comments made and would bear them in mind. Inter -regional and other Programme Activities Inter- regional Activities There were no comments. Assistance to Research and other Techniçal Services Dr HAQUE (Pakistan) said that, over the past three years, his delegation had emphasized the desirability of WHO's providing assistance for research to Pakistan. No tangible results had, however, as yet been forthcoming as a result of that request. He took the present opportunity of expressing his country's gratitude to the United States of America, which had provided valuable bilateral aid in that connexion. There was a considerable amount of material which could form a basis for useful research in his country, relating to such points, for instance, as oral carcinoma, with particular reference to betel chewing, and factors that might have a bearing on cardiovascular diseases.
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