UN Peacekeeping: A Force for Peace & Stability around the World

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "UN Peacekeeping: A Force for Peace & Stability around the World"

Transcription

1 PEACE & SECURITY ISSUES UN Peacekeeping: A Force for Peace & Stability around the World The UN currently oversees 16 peacekeeping operations with nearly 125,000 personnel, constituting the largest deployed military force in the world. UN peacekeepers work to stabilize conflict zones and prevent the collapse of fragile states by protecting civilians from violence, disarming, demobilizing, and reintegrating former combatants into society, facilitating the delivery of humanitarian assistance to populations in need, training and building the capacity of national police forces to protect law and order, and supporting free and fair elections. Given its position as a permanent, veto-wielding member of the Security Council, no UN peacekeeping operation can be deployed without U.S. consent, and in fact, both Republican and Democratic Administrations have used U.S. influence at the Council to champion new missions with more complex mandates. This bipartisan support stems from the fact that countries undergoing conflict threaten U.S. national security, risk becoming safe havens for terrorist and criminal organizations, and feature levels of deprivation and abuses of human rights that are an affront to American values. Some of the benefits of UN peacekeeping are described below. The U.S. and the UN in 2016: Congressional Briefing Book 1

2 A 2013 study found that deploying large numbers of UN peacekeepers dramatically reduces civilian killings. Effective: A 2013 study found that deploying large numbers of UN peacekeepers dramatically reduces civilian killings. To support their hypothesis, the authors examined monthly civilian death tolls from intrastate armed conflicts in sub-saharan Africa between 1991 and Their findings were striking: in instances where no peacekeeping troops were deployed, the monthly average of civilian deaths was approximately 106. However, in instances where at least 8,000 UN troops were present, the average monthly death toll fell to less than two. The study concluded that ensuring UN peacekeeping forces are appropriately tasked and deployed in large numbers is critical to their ability to protect civilians. Cost-effective: UN peacekeeping is, relatively speaking, a cost-effective endeavor compared to other military options. While UN peacekeepers currently constitute the largest deployed military force in the world, the UN s annual peacekeeping budget only makes up around 0.5% of total annual global military expenditures. Moreover, according to a study by the Government Accountability Office (GAO), UN peacekeeping operations are eight times less expensive than a comparable U.S. force. This point was backed up by former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, who said that UN peacekeeping is much more cost-effective than using American forces. And of course, America doesn t have the forces to do all of these peacekeeping missions International Burden-Sharing: While the U.S. possesses the strongest and most capable military in the world, it cannot and should not have to assume the risks and burdens associated with maintaining peace and security around the world alone. When conflicts in DR Congo, Mali, or South Sudan require boots on the ground to defuse conflict, peacekeeping is often the best instrument we have. Peacekeeping operations ensure that other countries help shoulder the burden, both by contributing troops and sharing the financial costs of operations. Indeed, according to U.S. Ambassador to the UN Samantha Power: The multilateral nature of peacekeeping helps address the free-rider problem we see today in so many matters of international security from the spread of Ebola, to the rise of ISIL, to the recruitment of foreign terrorist fighters whereby countries with vested interests in addressing threats rely on the United States to do the lion s share of the work. Peacekeeping gets other countries to stand up, rather than stand by. While the U.S. pays a larger share of the UN s peacekeeping budget than any other country, it plays a pivotal role in the decision to send peacekeepers into the field in the first place. Meanwhile, other UN member states including countries like Bangladesh, Ghana, Nepal and Jordan contribute the vast majority of uniformed personnel that serve on UN peacekeeping operations. Currently, less than 100 U.S. soldiers and police are deployed to UN missions, constituting less than 0.1% of all uniformed UN personnel, who hail from 122 countries overall Briefing Book 2

3 Peacekeeping gets other countries to stand up, rather than stand by. Samantha Power U.S. Ambassador to the UN quick facts According to a study by the Government Accountability Office (GAO), UN peacekeeping operations are eight times less expensive than a comparable U.S. force. Currently, less than 100 U.S. soldiers and police are deployed to UN missions, constituting less than 0.1% of all uniformed UN personnel, who hail from 122 countries overall Briefing Book 3

4 [United Nations] peacekeepers help promote stability and help reduce the risks that major U.S. military interventions may be required to restore stability in a country or region. Therefore the success of these operations is very much in our national interest. Admiral Mike Mullen Former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff under Presidents Bush and Obama Over the past two decades, UN peacekeeping has experienced a number of important shifts: the number of personnel serving in the field is nearly 50% higher today than 10 years ago; approximately 98% of all uniformed peacekeeping personnel currently serve under a mandate to protect civilians from violence; and two-thirds of peacekeepers are deployed to active conflict zones, where they are sometimes viewed as legitimate targets for attack. These factors the growth in the size of missions and the complexity of their mandates, paired with the evolving threat environments facing peacekeepers and concerns over whether missions are adequately resourced to meet these challenges have placed the UN peacekeeping system under increasing strain, and are driving a reassessment of how the international community carries out peace operations. In late 2014, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appointed a High-Level Panel to undertake a comprehensive assessment of the current state of UN peace operations. Their final report, issued in June 2015, put forward a number of important recommendations for the UN, member states, and the Security Council on improving UN peacekeeping operations. Now, UN member states including the U.S. are discussing how to put some of these recommendations into practice. In tandem with this UN-led assessment, the U.S. has been working to enhance its own support and encourage other countries to provide more troops and equipment to UN peacekeeping missions. In September 2015, the U.S. organized a Leadership Summit on peacekeeping on the sidelines of the annual opening of the General Assembly, during which more than 50 countries pledged some 40,000 additional peacekeepers for possible deployment, as well as key force enablers such as helicopters, engineering and medical units, and counter IED capabilities. That same month, President Obama issued a new Presidential Policy Memorandum directing federal agencies to take actions related to strengthening and modernizing U.S. assistance to UN peace operations. This is the first Presidential guidance on multilateral peace operations in more than 20 years. Countering Violent Extremism Terrorism and violent extremism pose a grave, persistent threat to international peace and security. As has been learned over the past two decades, terror networks operate in countries frequently beyond the reach of American access and influence and with recent attacks in France, Lebanon, Turkey, Mali, and Indonesia, this problem requires a comprehensive, multilateral solution. The UN is an important partner in global efforts to fight terrorism and stamp out violent extremism, helping amplify and broaden the reach of our nation s own counterterrorism initiatives. For several decades, the UN system has played a central role in efforts to build an international legal framework to combat terrorism, including the elaboration of multilateral treaties criminalizing specific terrorist acts and terrorism financing, as well as the creation of binding international sanctions regimes by the Security Council targeting ISIS, Al-Qaeda, and the Taliban. The UN has also served as a critical forum for information sharing, the provision of technical assistance, and other cooperative activities to support global counterterrorism efforts. Provided below is a selection of recent actions taken by the UN on this issue. Multilateral Sanctions: For more than 15 years, the UN Security Council has had in place robust, legally-binding sanctions including asset freezes, travel bans, and arms embargoes targeting individuals, groups, and entities associated with al-qaeda. In an effort to strengthen these measures, in December 2015, U.S. Treasury Secretary Jacob Lew chaired a special meeting of the Council to discuss ways to improve international efforts to curtail various revenue-generating activities including oil smuggling, kidnapping for ransom, human trafficking, and trade in stolen antiquities undertaken by 2016 Briefing Book 4

5 ISIS. This unprecedented session the first-ever meeting of the Security Council at which member states were represented by their finance ministers resulted in the unanimous adoption of a resolution requiring UN member states to: criminalize all financial transactions related to terrorism; improve communication and information-sharing between government agencies on terrorist financing; enhance engagement with the private sector, particularly financial institutions, to better identify activities related to terrorist financing; report to the Council within 120 days describing what steps they are taking to prevent ISIS, al-qaeda, and related groups from making money, including through interdictions of oil sales. Security Council Resolution on Foreign Terrorist Fighters: The rise of ISIS and other extremist groups in Iraq and Syria has pushed the issue of foreign fighters and how to suppress the recruitment and travel of these individuals to conflict zones to the forefront of global policy debates. In late September 2014, President Obama chaired a Security Council meeting to discuss this issue. At the conclusion of the meeting, the Council unanimously adopted a legally-binding resolution strongly supported by the U.S. compelling all countries to put in place domestic laws to prosecute those who travel abroad to join terrorist organizations and those who help them, including by raising funds. Counterterrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED): In the wake of the September 11 attacks, the Security Council adopted Resolution 1373, requiring countries to criminalize terrorism financing, freeze funds related to persons involved in terrorist acts, and cooperate with other governments to arrest, prosecute, and extradite terrorism suspects. The resolution also established a Counterterrorism Committee, made up of all 15 members of the Security Council, to help UN member states implement the terms of the resolution. As part of these efforts, the Committee and its Executive Directorate (CTED) have facilitated technical assistance to more than 60 countries to help address terrorism financing, border and customs controls, arms trafficking, transportation security, and a number of other issues. Following up on the Security Council s resolution on foreign fighters, the CTED is helping member states, other UN agencies, and aligned organizations such as NATO confront the challenges posed by the influx of foreign fighters to places like Syria and Iraq. quick facts For more than 15 years, the UN Security Council has had in place robust, legally-binding sanctions including asset freezes, travel bans, and arms embargoes targeting individuals, groups, and entities associated with al-qaeda. The Committee and its Executive Directorate (CTED) have facilitated technical assistance to more than 60 countries to help address terrorism financing, border and customs controls, arms trafficking, and transportation security Briefing Book 5

6 Supporting Global Non-proliferation Efforts The UN is a key platform for countries to work together to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. The General Assembly, Security Council, and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) all provide venues for countries to share resources and information, create frameworks for addressing breaches of international agreements, and build unified fronts against rogue states. As a result, the UN is a critical asset to American nuclear non-proliferation efforts, helping ensure these dangerous weapons do not fall into the wrong hands. The UN s Core Nuclear Non-Proliferation Mechanisms Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT): The NPT commits states to preventing the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technologies while at the same time working towards nuclear disarmament. All but four countries are parties to this treaty. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA): The IAEA verifies member state compliance with the NPT and other non-proliferation agreements by monitoring and inspecting nuclear facilities and material in more than 140 countries to ensure their peaceful use. These activities can help provide the international community with advanced warning of and trigger a global response to the existence of an illicit nuclear weapons program, including providing a basis for action by the Security Council. Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT): The CTBT, ratified by 157 UN member states, obliges parties not to detonate nuclear weapons or support those who do. The United States has signed but not ratified the CTBT. UN Action in Iran The UN has played a crucial role in U.S.-led efforts to isolate Iran and sharpen the choices of its leadership over its controversial nuclear program. In 2010, the UN Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 1929, creating the toughest multilateral sanctions ever faced by the Iranian government. This action set the stage for stronger bilateral sanctions by the U.S., EU, Australia, Canada, South Korea, Japan and other countries the impact of which deeply affected the Iranian economy and helped push the country to the negotiating table. In fact, former Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said the multilateral and bilateral sanctions caused the heaviest economic onslaught on our nation in history. After several years of diplomatic pressure, the P5+1 (the five permanent UN Security Council members and Germany) and Iran struck an agreement on July 14, 2015 to constrain Iran s nuclear program in exchange for phased-in sanctions relief. The agreement (known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action or JCPOA) imposed restrictions on Iran s nuclear program, including requiring Iran to ship 97% of its enriched uranium out of the country; dismantle and remove two-thirds of its centrifuges; and 2016 Briefing Book 6

7 remove the core of its Arak heavy water reactor and fill it with cement. The agreement also empowered the IAEA to inspect and verify Iranian compliance, allowing international monitors unprecedented access to the country s nuclear facilities and supply chain. Regardless of one s view of the JCPOA, the IAEA will play an essential role in verification of the agreement. On January 16, 2016 six months after the accord was first finalized IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano confirmed that Iran had completed the necessary preparatory steps to begin the implementation of the JCPOA, paving the way for UN, EU, and U.S. sanctions to start lifting. Moving forward, the nuclear watchdog will be tasked with continually verifying Iran s remaining nuclear work is conducted for purely peaceful purposes. In addition, while some sanctions have been rescinded such as a restriction on Iranian crude oil sales others will not take effect for many years. For example, sanctions banning conventional arms sales will not be lifted for five years and restrictions on ballistic missile sales will remain in place for eight years each subject to IAEA verification that Iran is upholding its end of the agreement. In order to maintain these continuous monitoring activities, the JCPOA Additional Protocol grants the IAEA complementary authority to inspect any site in the country including Iranian military bases and high-tech factories that it suspects may be conducting illicit nuclear activity. In addition, the IAEA is leveraging new technologies to enhance its on the ground capabilities. The nuclear watchdog recently installed a high-tech device known as an Online Enrichment Monitor (OLEM) at Iran s Natanz facility to ensure uranium enrichment activities do not exceed agreed upon levels. The device enables 24/7 monitoring of the facility and, when paired with expanded traditional investigation mechanisms, allows the IAEA unprecedented oversight of Iran s nuclear program. Throughout the life of the Iran deal and beyond the IAEA will be relied upon by the U.S. and its allies to independently monitor Iran s nuclear activities and verify that the country is acting responsibly and transparently. As a result, American support for the IAEA, including the financial resources required to maintain these enhanced monitoring activities, will remain critical to international peace and security. quick facts In 2010, the UN Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 1929, creating the toughest multilateral sanctions ever faced by the Iranian government. The IAEA recently installed a high-tech device known as an Online Enrichment Monitor (OLEM) at Iran s Natanz facility to ensure uranium enrichment activities do not exceed agreed upon levels Briefing Book 7

Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2014 Montessori Model United Nations Conference.

Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2014 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2014 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. The following pages intend to guide you in the research of the topics that will be debated at MMUN

More information

United Nations High-Level Meeting on Countering Nuclear Terrorism with a Specific Focus on Strengthening the Legal Framework.

United Nations High-Level Meeting on Countering Nuclear Terrorism with a Specific Focus on Strengthening the Legal Framework. United Nations High-Level Meeting on Countering Nuclear Terrorism with a Specific Focus on Strengthening the Legal Framework 28 September 2012 Chair s Summary The United Nations High-Level Meeting on Countering

More information

STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 2.4 OVERCOME GLOBAL SECURITY CHALLENGES THROUGH DIPLOMATIC ENGAGEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION

STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE 2.4 OVERCOME GLOBAL SECURITY CHALLENGES THROUGH DIPLOMATIC ENGAGEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION Performance Goal 2.4.1 By September 30, 2017, achieve key milestones to promote arms control and nonproliferation by implementing the President s Prague Agenda of steps toward a world without nuclear weapons;

More information

PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA. (New York, May 4, 2010) Please Check Against Delivery MISSION TO THE UNITED NATIONS

PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA. (New York, May 4, 2010) Please Check Against Delivery MISSION TO THE UNITED NATIONS PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA MISSION TO THE UNITED NATIONS 350 EAST 35TH STREET, NEW YORK, NY 10016 Please Check Against Delivery Statement by H.E. Ambassador Li Baodong Head of the Chinese Delegation at

More information

AMBASSADOR BEATA PĘKSA

AMBASSADOR BEATA PĘKSA REPUBLIC OF POLAND PERMANENT MISSION TO THE UNITED NATIONS 750 THIRD AVENUE, NEW YORK, NY 10017 TEL. (212) 744-2506 Check against delivery STATEMENT BY AMBASSADOR BEATA PĘKSA DIRECTOR OF THE SECURITY POLICY

More information

THE U.S. INDIA CIVIL NUCLEAR COOPERATION INITIATIVE

THE U.S. INDIA CIVIL NUCLEAR COOPERATION INITIATIVE THE U.S. INDIA CIVIL NUCLEAR COOPERATION INITIATIVE The U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative is a historic and unique arrangement that opens the door to a real strategic partnership with India,

More information

BRUNEI DARUSSALAM'S SECURITY CONCEPTS AND PERCEPTIONS

BRUNEI DARUSSALAM'S SECURITY CONCEPTS AND PERCEPTIONS ARF WORKSHOP 21-22 JUNE 2005 ULAANBAATAR, MONGOLIA BRUNEI DARUSSALAM'S SECURITY CONCEPTS AND PERCEPTIONS Overall, Brunei Darussalam security assessment remains peaceful and stable. However, the range of

More information

STATEMENT BY AMBASSADOR PETER WILSON INFORMAL MEETING OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY TO MARK THE OBSERVANCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL DAY AGAINST NUCLEAR TESTS

STATEMENT BY AMBASSADOR PETER WILSON INFORMAL MEETING OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY TO MARK THE OBSERVANCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL DAY AGAINST NUCLEAR TESTS STATEMENT BY AMBASSADOR PETER WILSON INFORMAL MEETING OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY TO MARK THE OBSERVANCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL DAY AGAINST NUCLEAR TESTS THURSDAY 5 SEPTEMBER 2013 This is my first week as the

More information

Note verbale dated 30 December 2004 from the Permanent Mission of Brunei Darussalam to the United Nations addressed to the Chairman of the Committee

Note verbale dated 30 December 2004 from the Permanent Mission of Brunei Darussalam to the United Nations addressed to the Chairman of the Committee United Nations Security Council Distr.: General 6 January 2005 S/AC.44/2004/(02)/96 Original: English Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1540 (2004) Note verbale dated 30 December

More information

Adopted by the Security Council at its 5430th meeting, on 28 April 2006

Adopted by the Security Council at its 5430th meeting, on 28 April 2006 United Nations S/RES/1674 (2006) Security Council Distr.: General 28 April 2006 Resolution 1674 (2006) Adopted by the Security Council at its 5430th meeting, on 28 April 2006 The Security Council, Reaffirming

More information

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE SUSTAINABLE DISARMAMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT THE BRUSSELS CALL FOR ACTION. 13 October 1998, Brussels, Belgium

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE SUSTAINABLE DISARMAMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT THE BRUSSELS CALL FOR ACTION. 13 October 1998, Brussels, Belgium INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE SUSTAINABLE DISARMAMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT THE BRUSSELS CALL FOR ACTION 13 October 1998, Brussels, Belgium The international Conference on Sustainable Disarmament for

More information

Adopted by the Security Council at its 6225th meeting, on 30 November 2009

Adopted by the Security Council at its 6225th meeting, on 30 November 2009 United Nations S/RES/1896 (2009) Security Council Distr.: General 30 November 2009 Resolution 1896 (2009) Adopted by the Security Council at its 6225th meeting, on 30 November 2009 The Security Council,

More information

Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2014 Montessori Model United Nations Conference.

Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2014 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2014 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. The following pages intend to guide you in the research of the topics that will be debated at MMUN

More information

General Debate 4/30/15

General Debate 4/30/15 STATEMENT BY THE PEOPLE S REPUBLIC OF CHINA, FRANCE, THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION, THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA TO THE 2015 NON-PROLIFERATION TREATY

More information

Ellen Margrethe Løj. Special Representative of the Secretary-General United Nations Mission in South Sudan

Ellen Margrethe Løj. Special Representative of the Secretary-General United Nations Mission in South Sudan UNMISS Ellen Margrethe Løj Special Representative of the Secretary-General United Nations Mission in South Sudan Speech at the International Peacekeepers Day 29 May 2015 (10:00 11:30) Honourable Minister

More information

ECOWAS COMMON POSITION ON THE ARMS TRADE TREATY

ECOWAS COMMON POSITION ON THE ARMS TRADE TREATY COMISSÂO DA CEDEAO ECOWAS COMMISSION COMMISSION DE LA CEDEAO ECOWAS COMMON POSITION ON THE ARMS TRADE TREATY COTONOU, DECEMBER 2010 1 BACKGROUND AND JUSTIFICATION 1. During its 55 th plenary meeting on

More information

NPT/CONF.2015/PC.III/WP.46

NPT/CONF.2015/PC.III/WP.46 Preparatory Committee for the 2015 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons 8 May 2014 NPT/CONF.2015/PC.III/WP.46 Original: English Third session New York,

More information

The Arms Trade Treaty Implications for Countries that are not Major Producers or Exporters

The Arms Trade Treaty Implications for Countries that are not Major Producers or Exporters The Arms Trade Treaty Implications for Countries that are not Major Producers or Exporters Remarks by Angela Kane High Representative for Disarmament Affairs w Presented at The Permanent Mission of Sweden

More information

The Hague Implementation Plan on Foreign Terrorist Fighters. Outcome Document of the Foreign Terrorist Fighters meeting on 11 January 2016

The Hague Implementation Plan on Foreign Terrorist Fighters. Outcome Document of the Foreign Terrorist Fighters meeting on 11 January 2016 The Hague Implementation Plan on Foreign Terrorist Fighters Outcome Document of the Foreign Terrorist Fighters meeting on 11 January 2016 On 11 January 2016, the Netherlands hosted in EUROPOL HQ, a meeting

More information

Chapter V. Subsidiary organs of the Security Council

Chapter V. Subsidiary organs of the Security Council Chapter V Subsidiary organs of the Security Council 125 Contents Introductory note... 127 Part I. Subsidiary organs of the Security Council established or continuing during the period 2004-2007... 130

More information

EU COOPERATION. The Madrid bombings have provided additional impetus for action. In an 18-page declaration on counter terrorism on

EU COOPERATION. The Madrid bombings have provided additional impetus for action. In an 18-page declaration on counter terrorism on TESTIMONY BY AMBASSADOR J. COFER BLACK COORDINATOR FOR COUNTERTERRORISM DEPARTMENT OF STATE BEFORE THE SENATE FOREIGN RELATIONS SUBCOMMITTEE ON EUROPE MARCH 31, 2004 Thank you Mr. Chairman and members

More information

Joint Communiqué The 46 th ROK-U.S. Security Consultative Meeting October 23, 2014 Washington D.C.

Joint Communiqué The 46 th ROK-U.S. Security Consultative Meeting October 23, 2014 Washington D.C. Joint Communiqué The 46 th ROK-U.S. Security Consultative Meeting October 23, 2014 Washington D.C. 1. The 46th United States-Republic of Korea (U.S.-ROK) Security Consultative Meeting (SCM) was held in

More information

3 On nuclear disarmament, the NWS have engaged NNWS on issues including the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), the voluntary

3 On nuclear disarmament, the NWS have engaged NNWS on issues including the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), the voluntary STATEMENT BY AMBASSADOR KAREN TAN, PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF SINGAPORE TO THE UNITED NATIONS, AT THE 2015 REVIEW CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES TO THE TREATY ON THE NON-PROLIFERATION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS 29

More information

CHAPTER 13: International Law, Norms, and Human Rights

CHAPTER 13: International Law, Norms, and Human Rights CHAPTER 13: International Law, Norms, and Human Rights MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Why did the former Secretary General of the United Nations, Kofi Annan, state that the US invasion of Iraq in 2003 was illegal?

More information

GEMUN 2014 SECURITY COUNCIL. Topic 1: Question of effectiveness of peacekeeping operations. Study Guide Joselyn Salazar

GEMUN 2014 SECURITY COUNCIL. Topic 1: Question of effectiveness of peacekeeping operations. Study Guide Joselyn Salazar GEMUN 2014 SECURITY COUNCIL Topic 1: Question of effectiveness of peacekeeping operations Study Guide Joselyn Salazar Definitions of Key Terms 1. Peacekeeping: an effective means to help countries torn

More information

Seoul Communiqué 2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit

Seoul Communiqué 2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit Seoul Communiqué 2012 Seoul Nuclear Security Summit We, the leaders, gathered in Seoul on March 26-27, 2012, renew the political commitments generated from the 2010 Washington Nuclear Security Summit to

More information

The Hague uclear Security Summit Communiqué

The Hague uclear Security Summit Communiqué COUCIL OF TH UROPA UIO N The Hague, 25 March 2014 8193/14 (OR. en) PRSS 187 The Hague uclear Security Summit Communiqué We, the leaders, met in The Hague on 24 and 25 March 2014 to strengthen nuclear security,

More information

Assessment of the terror threat to Denmark

Assessment of the terror threat to Denmark 28 April 2016 Assessment of the terror threat to Denmark Summary The terror threat to Denmark remains significant. This means that there are individuals with intent and capacity to commit terrorist attacks

More information

Adopted by the Security Council at its 5916th meeting, on 19 June 2008

Adopted by the Security Council at its 5916th meeting, on 19 June 2008 United Nations S/RES/1820 (2008) Security Council Distr.: General 19 June 2008 Resolution 1820 (2008) Adopted by the Security Council at its 5916th meeting, on 19 June 2008 The Security Council, Reaffirming

More information

5/29/2015. Export Compliance Overview. Agenda. Regulatory Overview. In the News. Key Program Elements. Quiz

5/29/2015. Export Compliance Overview. Agenda. Regulatory Overview. In the News. Key Program Elements. Quiz Export Compliance Overview William Barthell Global Trade Compliance Symantec Corporation June 19, 2015 Agenda Regulatory Overview In the News Key Program Elements Quiz Copyright 2015 Symantec Corporation

More information

Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 8 September 2006. [without reference to a Main Committee (A/60/L.62)]

Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 8 September 2006. [without reference to a Main Committee (A/60/L.62)] United Nations A/RES/60/288 General Assembly Distr.: General 20 September 2006 Sixtieth session Agenda items 46 and 120 Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 8 September 2006 [without reference

More information

Denmark s Action Plan on implementation of Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women and Peace and Security

Denmark s Action Plan on implementation of Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women and Peace and Security Denmark s Action Plan on implementation of Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women and Peace and Security As a response to the commitments in Security Council Resolution 1325, on Women and Peace and

More information

THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary. Annex to U.S. - Gulf Cooperation Council Camp David Joint Statement

THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary. Annex to U.S. - Gulf Cooperation Council Camp David Joint Statement THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE May 14, 2015 Annex to U.S. - Gulf Cooperation Council Camp David Joint Statement President Obama and Heads of Delegations of the Gulf

More information

One Hundred Ninth Congress of the United States of America

One Hundred Ninth Congress of the United States of America S. 2125 One Hundred Ninth Congress of the United States of America AT THE SECOND SESSION Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday, the third day of January, two thousand and six An Act To promote

More information

NUCLEAR SECURITY SPENDING

NUCLEAR SECURITY SPENDING NUCLEAR SECURITY SPENDING ASSESSING COSTS, EXAMINING PRIORITIES Stephen I. Schwartz with Deepti Choubey Nuclear Security Spending: Assessing Costs, Examining Priorities EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Although the United

More information

Toward a Deeper and Broader U.S.-Japan Alliance: Building on 50 Years of Partnership

Toward a Deeper and Broader U.S.-Japan Alliance: Building on 50 Years of Partnership Joint Statement of the Security Consultative Committee Toward a Deeper and Broader U.S.-Japan Alliance: Building on 50 Years of Partnership June 21, 2011 by Secretary of State Clinton Secretary of Defense

More information

Institute for Science and International Security

Institute for Science and International Security Institute for Science and International Security ISIS Report Defining Iranian Nuclear Programs in a Comprehensive Solution under the Joint Plan of Action Drawn from Institute for Science and International

More information

Option 1: Use the U.S. Military in Syria

Option 1: Use the U.S. Military in Syria 1 Option 1: Use the U.S. Military in Syria The Syrian Civil War has been raging for five years. Nearly four hundred thousand people have died and more than one million have been injured. More than half

More information

Bangkok Declaration Synergies and Responses: Strategic Alliances in Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

Bangkok Declaration Synergies and Responses: Strategic Alliances in Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Bangkok Declaration Synergies and Responses: Strategic Alliances in Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice We, the States Members of the United Nations, Having assembled at the Eleventh United Nations Congress

More information

9. Major powers and arms control: a Chinese perspective

9. Major powers and arms control: a Chinese perspective 9. Major powers and arms control: a Chinese perspective Li Changhe I. Introduction The major powers play a key role in the process of international arms control and disarmament. Their policies and actions

More information

EU Export Control. December, Johan Dewachter

EU Export Control. December, Johan Dewachter EU Export Control December, 2015 Johan Dewachter Presenter: Johan Dewachter 8 years experience in forwarding operations Works for BDP since 2008 6 years Project Operations Joined Center of Excellence Regulatory

More information

Expert Seminar. Engagement with Non-State Armed Groups in Peace Processes

Expert Seminar. Engagement with Non-State Armed Groups in Peace Processes Expert Seminar Engagement with Non-State Armed Groups in Peace Processes Sept. 14 th and 15 th, 2010, Berlin Background: Non-state armed groups (NSAG) conflict regions. By exercising armed violence and

More information

NSS 2014 UK NATIONAL PROGRESS REPORT. March 2014

NSS 2014 UK NATIONAL PROGRESS REPORT. March 2014 NSS 2014 UK NATIONAL PROGRESS REPORT March 2014 1. Support for the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material and the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism

More information

Global Arms Trade Treaty s first Conference of States Parties

Global Arms Trade Treaty s first Conference of States Parties AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS August 2015 Global Arms Trade Treaty s first Conference of States Parties After 20 years of determined lobbying and campaigning by Amnesty International and

More information

Compliance; OFAC, UN and EU rules. A bit of an overlap, sometimes contradicting, but a sure high impact on your business

Compliance; OFAC, UN and EU rules. A bit of an overlap, sometimes contradicting, but a sure high impact on your business Compliance; OFAC, UN and EU rules A bit of an overlap, sometimes contradicting, but a sure high impact on your business Agenda and purpose of the training In this hour we are going to talk about OFAC,

More information

Special Declaration 16: Of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States on the urgent need for a nuclear weapon free world

Special Declaration 16: Of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States on the urgent need for a nuclear weapon free world Special Declaration 16: Of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States on the urgent need for a nuclear weapon free world The Heads of State and Government of the Latin America and the Caribbean

More information

BRITAIN S SECURITY: LABOUR S DEFENCE POLICY REVIEW. Emily Thornberry MP, Shadow Secretary of State for Defence. January 2016

BRITAIN S SECURITY: LABOUR S DEFENCE POLICY REVIEW. Emily Thornberry MP, Shadow Secretary of State for Defence. January 2016 BRITAIN S SECURITY: LABOUR S DEFENCE POLICY REVIEW Emily Thornberry MP, Shadow Secretary of State for Defence. January 2016 Emily Thornberry, Labour s Shadow Defence Secretary, has been asked by Jeremy

More information

STATEMENT. HoE. Mr, Emomali RAHMON. President of the Republic of Tajikistan. at General Debates of the 70th session of UNGA

STATEMENT. HoE. Mr, Emomali RAHMON. President of the Republic of Tajikistan. at General Debates of the 70th session of UNGA Check against delivery STATEMENT by HoE. Mr, Emomali RAHMON President of the Republic of Tajikistan at General Debates of the 70th session of UNGA New York, 29 September2015 Distinguished Distinguished

More information

STRENGTHENING THE GLOBAL NUCLEAR SECURITY SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL ASSURANCES

STRENGTHENING THE GLOBAL NUCLEAR SECURITY SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL ASSURANCES STRENGTHENING THE GLOBAL NUCLEAR SECURITY SYSTEM AND THE ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL ASSURANCES Submitted by the Nuclear Threat Initiative August 31, 2012 The Need for a Strengthened Global Nuclear Security

More information

Statement at the Fourth Committee Opening Debate. Under Secretary-General for Field Support, Ms. Ameerah Haq. 28 October 2014

Statement at the Fourth Committee Opening Debate. Under Secretary-General for Field Support, Ms. Ameerah Haq. 28 October 2014 As Delivered Statement at the Fourth Committee Opening Debate Under Secretary-General for Field Support, Ms. Ameerah Haq 28 October 2014 I appreciate this opportunity to meet with you, once again, with

More information

EXISTING FATF ACTIONS TO COMBAT TERRORIST FINANCING

EXISTING FATF ACTIONS TO COMBAT TERRORIST FINANCING I. INTRODUCTION 1. In 2014, the FATF agreed an overall AML/CFT Strategy, which set out the challenges and the priorities that faced the FATF for period 2014-16, and set out how the FATF planned to achieve

More information

I am grateful for this opportunity to address the UN Security Council.

I am grateful for this opportunity to address the UN Security Council. Mr. President Excellencies, I am grateful for this opportunity to address the UN Security Council. The point that I wish to make today is simply put. The UN and the OSCE, as the largest and most inclusive

More information

Republic of Belarus. National framework document (road map) on additional measures to implement Security Council resolution 1540 (2004)

Republic of Belarus. National framework document (road map) on additional measures to implement Security Council resolution 1540 (2004) 1246196 1 Translated from Russian Republic of Belarus National framework document (road map) on additional measures to implement Security Council resolution 1540 (2004) Introduction Security Council resolution

More information

2015 Civil Society Women, Peace and Security Roadmap 1

2015 Civil Society Women, Peace and Security Roadmap 1 NGO WORKING GROUP ON WOMEN, PEACE AND SECURITY A project of Tides Center 777 United Nations Plaza, New York, New York 10017 WWW.WOMENPEACESECURITY.ORG 2015 Civil Society Women, Peace and Security Roadmap

More information

THE ROLE OF ECOWAS IN SECURITY SECTOR & JUSTICE REFORM AND REGIONAL DYNAMICS INFLUENCING EFFECTIVE SSR

THE ROLE OF ECOWAS IN SECURITY SECTOR & JUSTICE REFORM AND REGIONAL DYNAMICS INFLUENCING EFFECTIVE SSR THE ROLE OF ECOWAS IN SECURITY SECTOR & JUSTICE REFORM AND REGIONAL DYNAMICS INFLUENCING EFFECTIVE SSR 1. ECOWAS regional approach to SSR Insertion of security as insurance for and complement to regional

More information

A Speech by. His Excellency Mr John Dauth LVO Australian Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the United Nations. to the

A Speech by. His Excellency Mr John Dauth LVO Australian Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the United Nations. to the A Speech by His Excellency Mr John Dauth LVO Australian Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the United Nations to the 59 th Session of the UN General Assembly New York, 30 September 2004 (check

More information

How does the UN keep the peace?

How does the UN keep the peace? How does the UN keep the peace? The title how does the UN keep the peace is rather a broad one, given that avoiding the scourge of war was of course the main aim of the UN s foundation. I m of the opinion

More information

Statement of John B. Emerson. Ambassador Designate to the Federal Republic of Germany. Senate Foreign Relations Committee.

Statement of John B. Emerson. Ambassador Designate to the Federal Republic of Germany. Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Statement of John B. Emerson Ambassador Designate to the Federal Republic of Germany Senate Foreign Relations Committee July 25, 2013 Mister Chairman, Ranking Member Johnson, and distinguished Members

More information

DRAFT NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY

DRAFT NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY DRAFT NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY Podgorica September 2008 1 CONTENTS INTRODUCTION... - 3-1. STRATEGIC GOAL... - 4-2. SECURITY INTERESTS AND OBJECTIVES OF MONTENEGRO... - 4-3. CHALLENGES, RISKS AND THREATS

More information

Mr. Chairman, Mr. Chairman,

Mr. Chairman, Mr. Chairman, Statement by H.E. Mr. Toshio SANO Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Japan to the Conference on Disarmament at the NPT Review Conference in 2015 Meeting of Main Committee I (1 May 2015) I would like

More information

UN Security Council Resolution 1540: Monitoring and Detecting Breaches in Biosecurity & Illicit Trafficking of BW-Related Materials

UN Security Council Resolution 1540: Monitoring and Detecting Breaches in Biosecurity & Illicit Trafficking of BW-Related Materials UN Security Council Resolution 1540: Monitoring and Detecting Breaches in Biosecurity & Illicit Trafficking of BW-Related Materials Dana Perkins, PhD 1540 Committee Expert Biological Weapons Convention

More information

A COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT OF SAUDI ARABIA

A COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT OF SAUDI ARABIA A COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT OF SAUDI ARABIA WITH OTHER COUNTRIES OF THE ISLAMIC WORLD Targeting Terrorist Finances Project * Watson Institute for International Studies Brown University June 2004 During the

More information

Good morning. It is my pleasure to be here today as we begin. this workshop on improving regional responses to transnational

Good morning. It is my pleasure to be here today as we begin. this workshop on improving regional responses to transnational REMARKS BY AMBASSADOR SCOTT DELISI Africa Center for Strategic Studies Sheraton Hotel Rwenzori Ballroom January 28, 2013, 11:30 a.m. [Protocol list of invitees] All protocols observed. Good morning. It

More information

UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY

UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY AUSTRALIAN MISSION TO THE UNITED NATIONS E-mail australia@un.int 150 East 42na Street, NewYork NY 10017-5612 Ph212-351 6600 Fax212-351 6610 www.australiaun.org UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY 27 September

More information

We have concluded that the International Criminal Court does not advance these principles. Here is why:

We have concluded that the International Criminal Court does not advance these principles. Here is why: American Foreign Policy and the International Criminal Court Marc Grossman, Under Secretary for Political Affairs Remarks to the Center for Strategic and International Studies Washington, DC May 6, 2002

More information

U.S. Policy in Afghanistan

U.S. Policy in Afghanistan U.S. Policy in Afghanistan Teaching with the News Online Resource 1 Introduction U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Chad Runge, October 2009. Why are U.S. and NATO forces in Afghanistan?

More information

Assessment of the Terror Threat to Denmark

Assessment of the Terror Threat to Denmark 19 March 2015 Assessment of the Terror Threat to Denmark Summary The terrorist attacks in Copenhagen on 14 and 15 February 2015 confirm that the terror threat to Denmark is significant. There are individuals

More information

NEW ZEALAND MISSION to the UNITED NATIONS

NEW ZEALAND MISSION to the UNITED NATIONS NEW ZEALAND MISSION to the UNITED NATIONS UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY FIFTY-NINTH SESSION GENERAL DEBATE STATEMENT BY THE HONOURABLE PHIL GOFF MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS AND TRADE OF NEW ZEALAND TUESDAY

More information

CSCAP MEMORANDUM NO. 24 Safety and Security of Vital Undersea Communications Infrastructure

CSCAP MEMORANDUM NO. 24 Safety and Security of Vital Undersea Communications Infrastructure CSCAP MEMORANDUM NO. 24 Safety and Security of Vital Undersea Communications Infrastructure A Memorandum from the Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific (CSCAP) May 2014 Council for Security

More information

STATEMENT BRAD WIEGMANN DEPUTY ASSISTANT ATTORNEY GENERAL DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

STATEMENT BRAD WIEGMANN DEPUTY ASSISTANT ATTORNEY GENERAL DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE STATEMENT OF BRAD WIEGMANN DEPUTY ASSISTANT ATTORNEY GENERAL DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE BEFORE THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON CRIME, TERRORISM, AND HOMELAND SECURITY COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY UNITED STATES HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

More information

DECLARATION STRENGTHENING CYBER-SECURITY IN THE AMERICAS

DECLARATION STRENGTHENING CYBER-SECURITY IN THE AMERICAS DECLARATION STRENGTHENING CYBER-SECURITY IN THE AMERICAS INTER-AMERICAN COMMITTEE AGAINST TERRORISM (CICTE) TWELFTH REGULAR SESSION OEA/Ser.L/X.2.12 7 March, 2012 CICTE/DEC.1/12 rev. 1 Washington, D.C.

More information

Option 1: Use the Might of the U.S. Military to End the Assad Regime

Option 1: Use the Might of the U.S. Military to End the Assad Regime 1 Option 1: Use the Might of the U.S. Military to End the Assad Regime The Syrian dictatorship s use of chemical weapons against its own people was terrible. But we must not let it overshadow the larger

More information

Action Group for Syria Final Communiqué

Action Group for Syria Final Communiqué Action Group for Syria Final Communiqué 30.06.2012 1. On 30 June 2012, the Secretaries-General of the United Nations and the League of Arab States, the Foreign Ministers of China, France, Russia, United

More information

CHAPTER 10 INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY INSPECTIONS IN PERSPECTIVE. Olli Heinonen

CHAPTER 10 INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY INSPECTIONS IN PERSPECTIVE. Olli Heinonen CHAPTER 10 INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY INSPECTIONS IN PERSPECTIVE Olli Heinonen The nuclear nonproliferation regime continues to face a broad array of challenges. It is easy to see why new solutions

More information

TOWARDS THE 6 TH BRICS SUMMIT

TOWARDS THE 6 TH BRICS SUMMIT BRICS ACADEMIC FORUM 2014: THE ELEPHANT IN THE ROOM: PEACE AND SECURITY IN THE BRICS PARTNERSHIP TOWARDS THE 6 TH BRICS SUMMIT Dr Candice Moore Senior Researcher (ACCORD) and Research Associate (UJ, Faculty

More information

GAO COMBATING TERRORISM. Observations on Options to Improve the Federal Response. Testimony

GAO COMBATING TERRORISM. Observations on Options to Improve the Federal Response. Testimony GAO For Release on Delivery Expected at 3:00 p.m. Tuesday, April 24, 2001 United States General Accounting Office Testimony Before the Subcommittee on Economic Development, Public Buildings, and Emergency

More information

first second third last Prepared by Omair Ahmad & Priya Parker, Updated August 16, 2007

first second third last Prepared by Omair Ahmad & Priya Parker, Updated August 16, 2007 India-US Civil Nuclear Agreement PM Dr. Manmohan Singh s August & speeches; Henry Hyde Act, December 18, 2006; Agreed Text on India-US nuclear cooperation, In this note, we have presented a table that

More information

Status of Foreign Fighters under international and national law

Status of Foreign Fighters under international and national law Status of Foreign Fighters under international and national law Foreign fighters and the question of structural shifts caused by current crises Role of the Security Council: Security council resolution

More information

JCPA Memo on Iran Agreement

JCPA Memo on Iran Agreement JCPA Memo on Iran Agreement I. Introduction For many years, JCPA and the community relations field have focused on the danger that Iran s nuclear program poses to the global community. Even without nuclear

More information

Implementing the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy in Central Asia Concept Paper

Implementing the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy in Central Asia Concept Paper Implementing the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy in Central Asia Concept Paper Background The UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy, unanimously adopted in September 2006 by the UN General

More information

Statement by Mr. Movses Abelian Director of the Security Council Affairs Division Department of Political Affairs

Statement by Mr. Movses Abelian Director of the Security Council Affairs Division Department of Political Affairs Statement by Mr. Movses Abelian Director of the Security Council Affairs Division Department of Political Affairs Closing Event of the High Level Review of UN Sanctions 31 October 2014 Excellencies, Ladies

More information

The European Union and Iran

The European Union and Iran Brussels, 17 April 2015 140124/02 INFORMATION NOTE The European Union and Iran While the European Union s objective remains to develop with Iran a constructive partnership, from which both sides could

More information

Bureau of Industry and Security

Bureau of Industry and Security Bureau of Industry and Security The mission of the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) is to advance U.S. national security, foreign policy, and economic objectives by ensuring an effective export control

More information

Adopted by the Security Council at its 7268th meeting, on 18 September 2014

Adopted by the Security Council at its 7268th meeting, on 18 September 2014 United Nations S/RES/2177 (2014) Security Council Distr.: General 18 September 2014 Resolution 2177 (2014) Adopted by the Security Council at its 7268th meeting, on 18 September 2014 The Security Council,

More information

INTERVIEW WITH ANDERS FOGH RASMUSSEN *

INTERVIEW WITH ANDERS FOGH RASMUSSEN * INTERVIEW WITH ANDERS FOGH RASMUSSEN * In this exclusive interview with TPQ, the Honorable Secretary General provides an overview of the major developments of the past two years in Turkey s neighborhood,

More information

Syria: Humanitarian Disaster and Security Threat

Syria: Humanitarian Disaster and Security Threat Page 1 of 5 Syria: Humanitarian Disaster and Security Threat Author: Elliott Abrams, Senior Fellow for Middle Eastern Studies June 13, 2014 The facts about the humanitarian situation in Syria are well-known:

More information

CHAIR S SUMMARY, GLENEAGLES SUMMIT, 8 JULY

CHAIR S SUMMARY, GLENEAGLES SUMMIT, 8 JULY CHAIR S SUMMARY, GLENEAGLES SUMMIT, 8 JULY Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip with G8 leaders. Gleneagles Summit We met at Gleneagles for our annual Summit, 6-8 July 2005. Terrorist Attacks

More information

AFGHANISTAN: FRANCE IS ALSO IN THE SOUTH

AFGHANISTAN: FRANCE IS ALSO IN THE SOUTH FRENCH EMBASSY IN CANADA? Ottawa, June 2008 AFGHANISTAN: FRANCE IS ALSO IN THE SOUTH "France will maintain its forces in Afghanistan. Our country wishes to adapt the role of its forces to make them more

More information

FINANCING AND PLACE OF THE BULGARIAN ARMY IN THE OPERATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL CRISIS MANAGEMENT

FINANCING AND PLACE OF THE BULGARIAN ARMY IN THE OPERATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL CRISIS MANAGEMENT Management and Economics 307 FINANCING AND PLACE OF THE BULGARIAN ARMY IN THE OPERATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL CRISIS MANAGEMENT Elitsa PETROVA elitsasd@abv.bg Nikolay NICHEV National Military University, Veliko

More information

"The European Union's Security Architecture and its role to strengthen Peace and Security"

The European Union's Security Architecture and its role to strengthen Peace and Security Chairman EU Military Committee General Patrick de Rousiers at the 29 th Asia Pacific Round Table in Kuala Lumpur 02 June 2015 "The European Union's Security Architecture and its role to strengthen Peace

More information

EU-U.S. DECLARATION ON COMBATING TERRORISM DROMOLAND CASTLE, 26 JUNE 2004

EU-U.S. DECLARATION ON COMBATING TERRORISM DROMOLAND CASTLE, 26 JUNE 2004 COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION Dromoland Castle, 26 June 2004 10760/04 (Presse 205) EU-U.S. DECLARATION ON COMBATING TERRORISM DROMOLAND CASTLE, 26 JUNE 2004 Since the attacks of 11 September 2001, the

More information

REPUBLICAN NATIONAL COMMITTEE

REPUBLICAN NATIONAL COMMITTEE REPUBLICAN NATIONAL COMMITTEE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT CENSUS NATIONAL RESULTS SECTION I - POLITICAL PROFILE Certified April 2015 1. Do you generally identify yourself as a: n Conservative Republican Moderate

More information

Ohio Families First:

Ohio Families First: OHIO HEART AND SOUL www.tedstrickland.com Ohio Families First: Defeating Terrorism & Keeping Americans Safe On 9/11, our country was attacked on our home soil, and none of us who lived through that day

More information

UNCLASSIFIED. UNCLASSIFIED Office of Secretary Of Defense Page 1 of 9 R-1 Line #139

UNCLASSIFIED. UNCLASSIFIED Office of Secretary Of Defense Page 1 of 9 R-1 Line #139 Exhibit R-2, RDT&E Budget Item Justification: PB 2015 Office of Secretary Of Defense Date: March 2014 0400: Research, Development, Test & Evaluation, Defense-Wide / BA 6: RDT&E Management Support COST

More information

Promoting Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms for All : Australia s Engagement with the UN Human Rights Council

Promoting Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms for All : Australia s Engagement with the UN Human Rights Council Promoting Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms for All : Australia s Engagement with the UN Human Rights Council Issue The work, functioning and status of the United Nations Human Rights Council will

More information

VALLETTA DECLARATION ON THE INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR JUSTICE AND THE RULE OF LAW FOUNDATION

VALLETTA DECLARATION ON THE INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR JUSTICE AND THE RULE OF LAW FOUNDATION VALLETTA DECLARATION ON THE INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR JUSTICE AND THE RULE OF LAW FOUNDATION Introduction Algeria, the European Union, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Malta, Morocco, The Netherlands,

More information

PEACEKEEPING FOR PROTECTION and PEACE IN DARFUR

PEACEKEEPING FOR PROTECTION and PEACE IN DARFUR www.enoughproject.org PEACEKEEPING FOR PROTECTION and PEACE IN DARFUR Requirements for the Success of the U.N./A.U. Hybrid Mission By Gayle Smith Darfur Strategy Paper 4 June 2007 Headlines this month

More information

DISARMAMENT. The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) Database

DISARMAMENT. The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) Database The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) Database Summary of the 11 th Heads of State Summit, Cartagena, Colombia (1995) General Views on Disarmament and NAM Involvement DISARMAMENT (Annex II: The Call from Columbia,

More information

The London Conference on Afghanistan 4 December 2014. Afghanistan and International Community: Commitments to Reforms and Renewed Partnership

The London Conference on Afghanistan 4 December 2014. Afghanistan and International Community: Commitments to Reforms and Renewed Partnership Communiqué The London Conference on Afghanistan 4 December 2014 Afghanistan and International Community: Commitments to Reforms and Renewed Partnership 1. We, the National Unity Government of the Islamic

More information

Peace in Both Sudans. Investors Against Genocide. The role of the U.S. government. June 2011

Peace in Both Sudans. Investors Against Genocide. The role of the U.S. government. June 2011 Investors Against Genocide Peace in Both Sudans June 2011 When Sudan becomes two countries on July 9, 2011, the two new states will face multiple urgent crises. Provocative military action by the Government

More information