# WHAT DOES A SWIMMING POOL OPERATOR NEED TO KNOW?

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

## Transcription

1 WHAT DOES A SWIMMING POOL OPERATOR NEED TO KNOW? 1. POOL VOLUME The volume of your pool is the most important number you need to know. The volume is the number of gallons of water in your pool. a. The size of the pump, filter, chemical feeder, piping, heater, and other related pool equipment are all dependent on the pool volume. b. The addition of pool chemicals is dependent on the pool volume. Calculating your pool volume: Measure the pool length and width in feet. Determine the average depth in feet. For rectangular pools: Length x Width x Average Depth x 7.48 = Pool Volume in gallons. For round pools: Diameter x Diameter x Average Depth x 5.87 = Pool Volume in gallons. For other shape pools: Surface Area x Average Depth x 7.48 = Pool Volume in gallons. 2. POOL FLOW RATE The flow rate of your pool is also very important. The flow rate is the amount of water that flows through your pool in a set time period. It is measured in gallons per minute (gpm). a. The size of most pool equipment is dependent on the flow rate also. b. Water quality and clarity are dependent on flow rate. Calculating your pool flow rate: Pool Volume/Turnover Period/60=Flow Rate in gallons per minute. Turnover Period for pools: Required Preferred Swimming Pools 8 hours or less 6 hours or less Wading Pools 2 hours or less 1 hour or less Spa Pools 1 hour or less 0.5 hours or less Required flow rate for pools with skimmers: Number of Skimmers x 37.5 = Required Flow Rate in gallons per minute. 3. BASIC POOL EQUIPMENT You must know the basic purpose for each component of your pool filtration system. Recirculation, filtration, disinfection, and other equipment are all used to maintain pool water quality and clarity. a. Recirculation Equipment (1) The pump is the heart of the pool system causing water to flow at the proper rate. (2) Skimmers or gutters remove the contaminated pool water from the pool water surface. (3) Main drains remove water and settled debris from the pool bottom. (4) Piping conveys water to and from the pool. (5) Wall or floor inlets uniformly return clean water back to the pool. b. Filtration Equipment (1) The filter removes dirt and other large particles from the pool water. There are 3 general types of filters. (a) Sand (b) Diatomite (c) Cartridge (2) Dirt particles get captured in the spaces between sand, diatomite, or cartridge fibers. The filter needs to be periodically cleaned to remove the captured dirt. c. Disinfection Equipment (1) The chemical feeder applies a controlled amount of disinfectant or sanitizer to the pool by either electrically operated pumps or by water erosion. (2) The disinfectant destroys bacteria, algae, and other matter, which easily pass through the filter. d. Other Equipment (1) Valves are used to route and adjust the flow of water through the different parts of the piping and system.

3 SWIMMING POOL CHEMICALS 1. DISINFECTION Range: ppm Ideal: Pools 1.0 ppm Spas 3.0 ppm Approximate Approximate % Available Solution Dosage Dosage Chemical Form Chlorine ph for 1 ppm for 10 ppm Chlorine Chlorine gas* gas oz/7,500 gal 1 lb/12,000 gal Sodium Hypochlorite liquid fl oz/900 gal 1 gal/12,000 gal Calcium Hypochlorite granular of oz/4,900 gal 1 lb/7,800 gal tablet Lithium Hypochlorite granular oz/2,600 gal 1 lb/4,200 gal *Requires specific approval in writing Chlorinated Cyanurates Sodium dichloro-s- granular oz/4,200 gal 1 lb/6,700 gal triazine trlone Trichloro-s-triazine tablet oz/6,700 gal 1 lb/10,700 gal trlone Bormine Bromo-chloro- stick or 65Br oz/4,900 gal 1 lb/7,800 gal dimethyl hydantoin tablet Superchlorination Periodic superchlorination is highly recommended. Increase the free chlorine residual to 5-10 ppm for several hours and allow the level to fall to 3 ppm before allowing swimming again. This should be done at night or when the pool is not being used. Superchlorinate weekly to monthly or when necessary. Always correct the ph before and after this process. Shock Treatment of Breakpoint Chlorination Breakpoint chlorination is needed to remove unwanted combined chlorine or chloramines from pool water. Chloramines form when ammonia from swimmers combines with free chlorine in the pool. Chloramines are poor disinectants and cause eye irritation, skin discomfort, and chlorine-like odors at a pool. To achieve breakpoint chlorination, the point at which free chlorine is reformed, a large dose of chlorine must be added to the pool. The dosage is 10 times the combined chlorine residual. For example, if the combined chlorine residual in the pool is 1 ppm, a 10 ppm dosage of 1 gallon of sodium hypochlorite per 12,000 gallons of pool water must be added to the pool to reach breakpoint. Any less than this dosage will be ineffective in removing any of the chloramines. Disinfectant Neutralization To neutralize or eliminate a 1.0 ppm free chlorine residual: Chemical Sodium bisulfate Sodium sulfite Sodium thiosulfate Add 1.46 ppm or 2.4 oz/10,000 gal 1.77 ppm or 2.9 oz/10,000 gal 0.70 ppm or 1.9 oz/10,000 gal

4 2. ph CONTROL Range: Ideal: Approximate Chemical Form Solution ph Effective Dosage Acid Sodium bisulfate Powder 1.5 (in water) Lower ph See Table 1 Muriatic acid Liquid 1.0 Lower ph See Table 1 Base Soda Ash Powder 11.0 Raise ph lb/10,000 gal. Baking Soda Powder 8.4 Raise ph lb/10,000 gal. (ph 8.4 max) Water has a major impact on the pool ph, and can raise or lower the ph depending on the ph of the make-up water and the amount of water being used. Adding 1 ¼ lbs. of sodium bisulfate has the equivalent effect as adding 1 pint of muriatic acid. To neutralize the ph effect of: Chemical Add 1 lb. chlorine gas 1.5 lb. soda ash 1 gal sodium hypochlorite 8.4 oz. sodium bisulfate or 5 fl. oz. muriatic acid 1 lb. calcium hypochlorite 3.3 oz. sodium bisulfate or 3 fl. oz. muriatic acid 1 lb. cyanuric acid (stabilizer) 5.3 oz. soda ash 1 lb. lithium hypochlorite 1.8 oz. sodium bisulfate or 1.5 fl. oz. muriatic acid 3. STABILIZER Range: ppm Ideal: ppm Cyanuric acid is the stabilizer used to prevent the reduction of free chlorine residual by ultraviolet degradation (sunlight). A dosage of 1 ½ lb/5000 gallon of pool water is equal to 36 ppm. A 95% reduction of free chlorine residual occurs in about 4 hours on an 80-degree F. sunny day without stabilization. With a 30 ppm cyanuric acid level, less that 15% reduction of the residual occurs in 24 hours. There is little or no purpose for stabilization of an indoor pool since ultraviolet radiation does not penetrate glass or other enclosure materials. Stabilization has no effect on bromine disinfected pools. The cyanurate residual can only be lowered by water dilution. 4. ALKALINITY CONTROL Range: ppm Ideal: 100 ppm Alkalinity is a measurement of the buffer capacity of the pool water. Buffer capacity acts as a shock absorger for the ph. A low alkalinity allows wild fluctuations of the ph with small additions of ph correction chemicals. A high alkalinity in effect prevents ph changes even with large additions of ph correction chemicals. A high alkalinity also will try to keep the ph at about 8.4. Approximate Dosage Chemical Form Use for 10 ppm Change Sodium bicarbonate Powder Raise alkalinity 1.5 lb/10,000 gal. Soda ash Powder Raise alkalinity 1.6 lb/10,000 gal. Muriatic acid Liquid Lower alkalinity 1.4 pts/10,000 gal. Socium bisulfate Powder Lower alkalinity 1.6 lb/10,000 gal.

5 Table 1 Acid Addition for ph Reduction The following table is a guide for lowering the ph of swimming pool water. The numbers listed are the amounts of acid needed per 1000 gallons of pool volume. Acid must never be added to the pool in larger doses than ½ gallon per day. Acid also must never be added to the pool when bathers are present or expected within an hour. Acid should be spread around the pool to allow proper mixing. Present Desired ph Desired ph ph Muriatic acid (fl.oz.) Sodium bisulfate (oz.) This table is designed for and is most accurate at a total alkalinity of about 100 ppm. If the alkalinity is higher (>120 ppm) the amount of acid will need to be increased significantly to lower the ph to the desired level. Example 1: If a pool is 30,000 gallons and at ph 0.0, to lower the ph to 7.5: add 1.0 fl. oz. x 30,000 gallons 30 fl.oz. muriatic acid or add 1.3 oz. x 30,000 gallons = 39 oz. sodium bisulfate Example 2: If a pool is 213,300 gallons and at ph 8.5, to lower the ph to 7.5: add 0.6 fl. oz. x 213,300 gallons 128 fl. oz. or 1 gallon muriatic acid Example 3: If a spa is 400 gallons and at ph 8.0, to lower the ph to 7.0: add 1.4 oz. x 400 gallons 0.6 oz. sodium bisulfate Example 4: If a pool is 125,000 gallons and at ph 8.0, to lower the ph to 7.5: add 0.4 oz. x 125,000 gallons 50 oz. sodium bisulfate Reference: White, Geo. Clifford, Handbook of Chlorination. Ch. 8, p. 497, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York (1972)

6 5. HARDNESS CONTROL Range: ppm Ideal: 250 ppm Hardness is the measurement of calcium and magnesium ions in the pool water. This measurement is so named because large amounts of these ions makes it hard for soap to make suds in water. Water seems to demand a certain amount of these ions to keep a proper balance. Soft water can contribute to the corrosion of pool walls, piping, and other equipment in contact with the pool water. Hard water can contribute to the formation of scale in piping and other pool surfaces, as well as some staining. Chemical Form Use Dosage Calcium chloride Powder Raise hardness 11 ppm 1 lb/10,000 gal. Tri sodium phosphate* Powder Lower hardness 5 ppm 1 lb/24,000 gal. Softened water Liquid Lower hardness as needed *A detergent that causes considerable foaming 6. ALGAE CONTROL AND ALGAECIDES If adequate disinfectant residuals are maintained and periodic super chlorination is practiced, then algaecides are not normally needed. Many algaecides are simply relabeled disinfectants. Several types of separate algaecides are marketed but the companies still recommend adequate disinfection to prevent algae growth. If an algaecide is to be used, follow the label directions carefully. Do not use too little or too much. Low levels are not effective and high levels are dangerous to swimmers. Quaternary ammonium compounds are common algaecides in a liquid form and contain from 1 to 20% effective ingredient. The dosage varies around 1 gal/50,000 gallons for an initial treatment of an algae bloom, and 1 qt/50,000 gallons for routine preventative treatment. These algaecides are not to be used in place of regular disinfectants as they are ineffective against many bacteria, cause foaming when used at moderate dosages, add to the combined chlorine residuals, are eye and mucous membrane irritants, and can react dangerously with soaps and detergents. Copper based algaecides are another common form of algaecide. Copper triethanolamine, copper sulfate, copper citrate, copper gluconate, and cupric carbonate or malachite are common active ingredients. Another active ingredient in algaecides include poly (oxyethylene (dimethyliminio) ethylene (dimethlyiminio) ethylene dichloride) (that s all one name). This particular algaecide does not cause foaming, but is toxic to fish, so proper disposal is necessary. Simazine, colloidal silver, and sodium dimethyl dithlo carbonarte are other active ingredients in algaecides. Phenyl mercuric acetate was perhaps the most effective algaecide until it was banned because of mercury content. 7. OTHER CHEMICALS Chemical Use Effect Aluminum sulfate (alum) Coagulant Removes suspended solids and Cu, Fe, Ca, Mn Copper ethylene diamine tetra acetate (EDTA) Sequesterant Removes Ca, Fe, Mg MDPH/PDS 4/93

### Adjusting Chemical Levels in a Swimming Pool

Adjusting Chemical Levels in a Swimming Pool When adding chemicals, there are three types of chemical adjustments that can be performed: product label chemical dosage, product label chemical adjustment,

### The Centennial Pool Operators Guide

The Centennial Pool Operators Guide Presented by: Janice and Scott September 2013 Chlorine Free Chlorine (FC): Ideal 2-4ppm (Must be 1.0 and 5) Free chlorine is the active available disinfectant in the

### Understanding basic pool chemistry is one of the most important factors in pool maintenance. Properly balanced water creates an environment that

Understanding basic pool chemistry is one of the most important factors in pool maintenance. Properly balanced water creates an environment that optimizes the disinfection process and protects the pool

### b. Alkalinity make your life easier and get the alkalinity between 80 and 120 PPM. c. ph from 7.2 and 7.8 so that the other chemicals work properly

1. Adding Chemicals to your water: Chemicals should be added slowly over a period of time. Pool owner/operators need to remember that all chemicals added will have an effect beyond their intended purpose.

### WATER CHEMISTRY AND POOL WATER BALANCE

C R6 H A PT E WATER CHEMISTRY AND POOL WATER BALANCE LEARNING OBJECTIVES After completely studying this chapter, you should be able to: Understand and list the parameters upon which water balance is based.

### Pool Season Pool Care Guide Provided By: POOL CARE GUIDE. PS / All rights reserved Superior Pool Products LLC.

Pool Season Pool Care Guide Provided By: www.poolseason.com PS 103 01/06 2006 All rights reserved Superior Pool Products LLC. POOL CARE GUIDE POOL CARE MADE SIMPLE-IN 3 EASY STEPS. Welcome to the world

### Aqua-Clear Pool & Spa

Aqua-Clear Pool & Spa Indoctrination booklet for new pool owners Congratulations on your new swimming pool! You probably have a number of filter system, chemistry and maintenance questions that will hopefully

### 1 Test & Balance 2 Disinfection & Oxidation 3 Filtration & Circulation

Honest Pool Care 1-2-3 This method assumes you are familiar with pool chemicals, maintenance and water chemistry. It differs from your current method, but it is effective and easy to use. It works best

### Water Chemistry Guide

in this guide will help you keep your pool water crystal clear, safe for swimmers, and friendly to its plaster surface. Water Chemistry Guide water test The water chemistry information provided the clear

### Aqua-Clear Pool & Spa

Congratulations on your new swimming pool! You probably have a number of filter system, chemistry and maintenance questions that will hopefully be clarified in this basic guide. This guide is only a general

### Aqua Repair Repair, Renovation, and service Box San Antoio, Texas Phone:

Aqua Repair Repair, Renovation, and service Box 592902 San Antoio, Texas 78259 Phone: 210-651-4135 Email: Allen@AquaRepair.com 1 Introduction to Pool Chemistry Congratulations! As the owner of a pool/spa,

POOL CARE GUIDE Take a few minutes to read through this guide, then keep it handy for quick reference. If you need extra help, your IDEAL Dealer is there for you. Have fun and enjoy your pool. Table of

### Long Life Algicide FOR SWIM

Understanding Long Life Algicide 1-800-FOR SWIM INTRODUCTION For the *First Time* User of Kleen Pool Congratulations on your first purchase of Kleen Pool Longlife Algicide. You have just made an important

### Terms Definition Test Ideal Range. Amount of active chlorine in the water. Measure of the water s acidity

Every pool owner wants the same thing: sparkling-clear water they can enjoy all season long. No harsh chemicals, no fuss. With ARM & HAMMER, it s never been easier to get the pool of your dreams. What

### Guide to Hot Tub Enjoyment & Savings

Guide to Hot Tub Enjoyment & Savings Welcome to the world of salt water chlorine generation for spas & hot tubs. There is nothing new about this technology, just that it has been miniaturized & optimized

### POOL CARE GUIDE. Perfect Pool Care. P ool Care System. RegalChemicals.com

POOL CARE GUIDE Perfect Pool Care P ool Care System RegalChemicals.com CONTENTS REGAL Pool Care System 1 Circulation / Your Pump 2 The Filtration System 3 Sand and Cartridge Filters 4 Diatomaceous Earth

### Water Care Guide DRAFT - 8/20/20071:41 PM

ii Water Care Guide Table of Contents WATER CARE... 1 WATER START-UP PROCEDURE... 1 Test Your Water...1 Check Water Hardness... 1 Recording Test Results... 3 Check Your Water... 3 Total Alkalinity... 3

### Easier System Maintenance. Better Water Balance. Enhanced Swimmer Comfort

Easier System Maintenance Better Water Balance Enhanced Swimmer Comfort Specially formulated ph neutral. Reduces sanitizer consumption. Helps maintain stable ph. Removes food source for algae growth. Not

### water quality & maintenance

water quality & maintenance spa water quality & maintenance It is important to understand water chemistry before filling and operating the spa. Understanding water chemistry is a critical aspect of maintaining

### Performing Calculations

Calculations Performing Calculations Practical application of information learned in this program A pool operator must perform calculations regularly in order to properly do his or her job Examples: Conversions

### Swimming Pool Maintenance

Swimming Pool Maintenance Steps to remove algae in swimming pools 1. Brush the walls and floor of the swimming pool to remove as much of the algae as possible. This will greatly reduce the amount of time

#GLBHTHPLGD 03/13 Algimycin, Clear Blue, GLB, Duration, HTH, Oxy-Brite, Sequa-Sol and TLC are registered trademarks of Arch Chemicals, Inc. Drop N Vac, Filter Fresh, Natural Clear and the GLB logo are

### Complete Guide to Pool and Spa Care

The Complete Guide to Pool and Spa Care 15-Second Test! 24-page Care and Treatment Guide Easy-to-use Pool and Spa Test Strips Test Log for recording your results Refill available I ll tell you about...

### Calcium Hypochlorite Revised June 2010 Brought to you by the APSP Recreational Water Quality Committee

Calcium Hypochlorite Revised June 2010 Brought to you by the APSP Recreational Water Quality Committee I. INTRODUCTION The purpose of this fact sheet is to provide a generic technical overview of the chemical

### Is For ALGAE CONTROL

Is For ALGAE CONTROL Algae are microscopic plants which thrive in warm, sunlit pools. It is algae that can turn a clear, sparkling pool into a slimy, green cloudy, unpleasant place to swim. We are most

### & SIX-STEP PROGRAM. The easy way to make your pool a simple pleasure.

& SIX-STEP PROGRAM The easy way to make your pool a simple pleasure. Revised August 2005 1 KILL BACTERIA Kill bacteria continuously by the use of chlorine or bromine. The more common methods of killing

### HOW TO SHOCK THE POOL (CHLORINATE TO BREAKPOINT)

Environmental Public Health 2 North Meridian Street, 5-E Indianapolis, IN 46204 Chloramines / Combined Chlorine HOW TO SHOCK THE POOL (CHLORINATE TO BREAKPOINT) If you smell chlorine, coming from your

### keep these precautions in mind:

Spa Care Guide TM Welcome to Rendézvous Spa Specialties Spa Care This easy-to-use reference card will guide you through the setup and maintenance of your spa. To get started, you will need to know the

### Keeping Your Swimming Pool and Spa Healthy Environmental Health Guide

Keeping Your Swimming Pool and Spa Healthy Environmental Health Guide A swimming pool or spa can be an asset to your home, and provide the opportunity to take part in healthy relaxing activities. However,

### DRAFT July, 2006 Page 1 of 18

DRAFT July, 2006 Page 1 of 18 Swimming Pool Venue Environmental Health Outbreak Investigation Survey: An Environmental Health Systems Approach to Recreational Water Illness Prevention - Information Collection

### PROBLEM REASON SOLUTION

Email: sales@poolchemicalproducts.co.uk www.poolchemicalproducts.co.uk OVERCOMIING COMMON PROBLEMS WIITH SWIIMMIING POOL,, HOT TUB & SPA WATER PROBLEM REASON SOLUTION I don t know what chemicals I need

### Basic Water Maintenance For Swimming Pools

Basic Water Maintenance For Swimming Pools Wailani Natural Pure Water Systems Independence, Ca 93526 760.878.2357 www.wailani.com There are five basic functions that are required for proper maintenance

### Page # Introduction... 2 Disinfecting Agents... 3 Alkalinity and ph Explained... 4 Pool Maintenance Procedures... 5 Pump, Filter and Circulation

Page # Introduction... 2 Disinfecting Agents... 3 Alkalinity and ph Explained... 4 Pool Maintenance Procedures... 5 Pump, Filter and Circulation Systems... 8 Common Pool Water Problems... 9 Pool Talk in

### A complete guide to clean, clear, beautiful pool water using Pool & Spa Chemicals

Pool Care A complete guide to clean, clear, beautiful pool water using Pool & Spa Chemicals Introduction Take care of your pool and it will provide you with enjoyable swimming year after year. If you follow

### Complete Spa Care. Spa Care Guide

Complete Spa Care Spa Care Guide Congratulations on the purchase of your new spa or hot tub. It s time to start relaxing. As a new spa or hot tub owner, you now have the pleasure of relieving yourself

### Above Ground Pool Guide

Pool Treatment Chemicals Above Ground Pool Guide Blue Horizons - from the pool people who understand ESSENTIAL INFORMATION ON... Starting up Circulation and filtration Water testing The boast system Chemical

### SPA CHEMICALS EASY AS 1,2,3

SPA CHEMICALS EASY AS 1,2,3 BEFORE YOU BEGIN: We highly recommend an OZONATOR with each spa sold. We sell these separately for \$224 to \$229. The OZONATOR greatly improves the performance of the spa and

### CAPO INDUSTRIES LTD Corporate Drive, Burlington, Ontario, Canada L7L 5R Fax:

CAPO INDUSTRIES LTD. 1200 Corporate Drive, Burlington, Ontario, Canada L7L 5R6 905-332-6626 Fax: 905-332-6616 1-800-263-8250 Parksburg, PA e-mail: info@capoindustries.com \$2.50 A Comprehensive Guide to

### FAQ s & Product & Troubleshooting Guide 37

FAQ s & TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE Pool Water Treatment SIMPLE DIRECTIONS FOR THE TREATMENT OF AUSTRALIAN SWIMMING POOL WATER SANITISATION: The approved form for sanitisation for Australian swimming pools is

### The Answer to Clean,Clear Water!

The Answer to Clean,Clear Water! SPA CARE Important Chemical Safety Procedures 1. Always keep chemicals out of reach of children. 2. Read product labels carefully prior to use. 3. When dissolving, always

### GALLONAGE CHART ' Radius 16 x 32 19, x 36 23, x 40 30, x 43 L 26,123

Water Chemistry Your Swimming Pools Capacity How many gallons of water does your swimming pool hold? This can be a very easy or a very tough question depending on your point of view. It is without a doubt,

### Swimming Pool Sanitation Chemicals in Dubai

Swimming Pool Chemicals Manufacturers & Suppliers Swimming pool chemicals are required for The cleanliness of the pool and The safety of the swimmers. The different kinds of swimming chemicals that are

MAINTAINING YOUR SPA WATER Tap water that is safe to drink is not always safe for a spa. Normal tap water is usually filled with minerals and microcontaminants that are not visible to the naked eye. Properly

### Background: Local Order No. 11/2003 covers Regulations for the planning, construction, maintenance/operation and safety of swimming pools.

Background: Local Order No. /00 covers Regulations for the planning, construction, maintenance/operation and safety of swimming pools. In compliance with the Local Order, all applications for the construction

All About YELLOW OUT! Fast acting No brushing Dissolves immediately No copper or silver Safe in any gunite, vinyl, plaster or fiberglass pool Guaranteed! U.S.A. and Foreign Patents Results: YELLOW OUT

### Disinfection of pool water

Disinfection of pool water The purpose of disinfection is to remove the risk of infection rather than to attempt to sterilise the water in the pool. This would be impractical. There are many ways to disinfect

### NOTE: Pre mix chemical to be added into a large plastic bucket of water and then add to as a liquid, adding granular products may damage spa.

Water Chemistry Training Handling and Storage of Chemicals. The chemicals needed for your spa to help make it clean, disinfected and more attractive to use are potentially dangerous and may present some

### ABC S OF YELLOW GONE!

ABC S OF YELLOW GONE! Fast acting No brushing Dissolves immediately No copper or silver Safe in any gunite, vinyl, plaster or fiberglass pool Guaranteed! U.S.A. and Foreign Patents Results: YELLOW GONE

### Spa Maintenance Guide

M-W-F Spa Maintenance Program Spa Maintenance Guide Spa Breeze Line of Chemicals Use the full line of Spa Breeze products to help keep your spa trouble-free Product Use How Often? First Step Protect Prevents

### Maintenance recommendations for OCEAN LINER reinforced PVC swimming pool liners

Maintenance recommendations for OCEAN LINER reinforced PVC swimming pool liners Introduction: As owner of a new OCEAN LINER reinforced PVC swimming pool liner you will want your pool to look beautiful

### Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code (Listed Chemical Product Home Swimming Pool and Spa Products) Standard 2014

Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Code (Listed Chemical Product Home Swimming Pool and Spa Products) Standard 2014 I, Kareena Arthy, Chief Executive Officer of the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary

### COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT

COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT GENERAL INFORMATION TO CONSTRUCT A SWIMMING POOL, SPA OR HOT TUB (847) 506-6030 www.cityrm.org./rmcd General Instructions Complete the Pool/Spa/Hot Tub Application and

### ILLINOIS DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH ILLINOIS SWIMMING POOL OPERATOR CERTIFICATION COURSE MANUAL

ILLINOIS DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH ILLINOIS SWIMMING POOL OPERATOR CERTIFICATION COURSE MANUAL TABLE OF CONTENTS Section I -- Basic Swimming Pool Operation...2 Section II -- Circulation...5 Section III

### Nature 2 Cartridge Owners Manual

Nature 2 Cartridge Owners Manual For Nature 2 G Cartridges, Nature 2 M Cartridges and Nature 2 VC Cartridges EPA Reg. No. 67712-1 EPA Est. No. 091258-MEX-001 IMPORTANT Pool Owner, save this manual. Builders,

### Maintaining Your Spa or Hot Tub. How to protect your investment

Maintaining Your Spa or Hot Tub How to protect your investment A Spa or Hot Tub You Can Enjoy Enjoying your spa or hot tub depends on knowing that it is well maintained and that the water is fresh and

### Pool&Spa. Water treatment solution

Pool&Spa Water treatment solution Keep it clean Pool and spa treatment onboard cruise vessels is paramount. We supply the necessary tools to help you comply with the demanding requirements of the Vessel

### Table of Contents Glossary... ii What you need to know What to do Water Chemistry Trouble Shooting

Table of Contents Glossary... ii What you need to know How much water is in your pool... 1-2 What type of Pool Surface...3 What Equipment you have...3 What type of Sanitizer is used and how applied...3

### For Inground Pools and Aboveground Pools

OWNER S MANUAL ENGLISH For Inground Pools and Aboveground Pools EPA Reg. No. 67712-1 EPA Est. No. 091258-MEX-001 TL-2626 Rev F IMPORTANT Pool Owner, save this manual. Builders, leave this manual with the

### Taking care of your pool Water treatments A clean and safe pool, all year round.

Taking care of your pool Water treatments A clean and safe pool, all year round. Start-up, 5-step maintenance, winterizing and common problems. All the solutions: DISINFECTION, MULTIFUNCTION REGULATORS

### MARYLAND DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT 1800 Washington Boulevard Baltimore Maryland 21230 (410) 537-3000 1-800-633-6101 http://www.mde.state.md.

MARYLAND DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT 1800 Washington Boulevard Baltimore Maryland 21230 (410) 537-3000 1-800-633-6101 http://www.mde.state.md.us FACT SHEET General Discharge Permit No. 12-SI NPDES Permit

### Never use a spa or hot tub alone. Do not allow children to use a spa without supervision.

ASK THE EXPERT: SPA MAINTENANCE GUIDE By: All Seasons Spas & Fireplaces http://www.all4seasons.com Introduction Soaking in a hot tub or spa can be uniquely soothing and relaxing, but the hot water environment

### Swimming Pool Care. Effective sanitation

Swimming Pool Care Effective sanitation Swimming pools offer a great means of exercise as well being a wonderful entertainment site for the family. They can also improve the appearance and value of a property.

### ACE Salt Water Sanitizing System Frequently Asked Questions

ACE Salt Water Sanitizing System Frequently Asked Questions ACE System Technology The ACE salt water sanitizing system utilizes the same salt water technology that many pool owners have come to love. The

### Swimming Pool and Spa Water Chemical Adjustments

Swimming Pool and Spa Water Chemical Adjustments John A. Wojtowicz Chemcon This paper deals with adjustments to swimming pool and spa water chemical parameters such as ph, alkalinity, hardness, stabilizer,

### CRYSTAL WATERS SWIMMING POOL USER GUIDE (POOL ONLY)

CRYSTAL WATERS SWIMMING POOL USER GUIDE (POOL ONLY) Do not add chlorine to a Crystal Waters Pool and Spa Solutions Pool. Congratulations for selecting the Crystal Waters chlorine and bromine free sanitising

### McCarthy Pools P.O. Box 404, 221 Turnpike Road, Southborough, MA (508)

McCarthy Pools P.O. Box 404, 221 Turnpike Road, Southborough, MA 01772 (508) 485-1307 POOL OPENING INSTRUCTIONS 1. Pool Opening Chemicals 2. Preparation of Pool Fittings 3. Filter Preparation 4. Pump Preparation

### Basic Pool & Spa Care

Basic Pool & Spa Care Module 2: Water Balance Exceptional People. Proven Methods Table of Contents MODULE 2: Water Balance Objective. 4 Purpose.. 4 ph Objectives.. 5 Topic Introduction. 5 Water Balance.

### Water Softening for Hardness Removal. Hardness in Water. Methods of Removing Hardness 5/1/15. WTRG18 Water Softening and Hardness

Water Softening for Removal 1 in Water High concentration of calcium (Ca2+) and magnesium (Mg2+) ions in water cause hardness Generally, water containing more than 100 mg/l of hardness expressed as calcium

### LEISURE TIME Simple Spa Care 1200 Bluegrass Lakes Parkway Alpharetta, GA LeisureTimeSpa.com

LEISURE TIME Simple Spa Care 1200 Bluegrass Lakes Parkway Alpharetta, GA 30004 LeisureTimeSpa.com All trademarks are property of Lonza or its affiliates. 2015 Lonza. All rights reserved. #LTSPAGUIDE /

### Algae prevention and control

Algae prevention and control 1 What is algae? Algae are single-celled aquatic plants that can grow on pool surfaces or float freely in the water when conditions are favorable. It needs water, warmth, sunlight

### Getting Your Swimming Pool Up and Running. A detailed look into general maintenance and the equipment provided with your Swimming Pool

Getting Your Swimming Pool Up and Running A detailed look into general maintenance and the equipment provided with your Swimming Pool Page 2 Contents A BASIC OUTLINE OF YOUR CIRCULATION SYSTEM 3 STARTING

### Treatment options for hydrogen sulfide. Testing for hydrogen sulfide

Sometimes hot water will have a sour smell, similar to that of an old damp rag. This smell often develops when the thermostat has been lowered to save energy or reduce the potential for scalding. Odor-causing

### Public Swimming & Bathing Places (Aquatic Facilities) Operational & Biological Contamination Protocol Recommendations

Public Swimming & Bathing Places (Aquatic Facilities) Operational & Biological Contamination Protocol Recommendations Pennsylvania Department of Health Bureau of Community Health Systems March 18, 2008

### Maintenance. How are Minerals lost? How do I know when to add more minerals?

Maintenance 1. For best results maintain normal pool chemistry, with a low Cl residual, and no specialty chems. Residential: Cl ppm (0.5-1.0) - Commercial: Cl ppm (1.5-2.0). If you d like to keep a higher

### OPERATIONAL STANDARDS FOR SWIMMING POOLS. Fargo Cass Public Health 401 3 rd Ave N Fargo North Dakota 58102 06/26/09

OPERATIONAL STANDARDS FOR SWIMMING POOLS Fargo Cass Public Health 401 3 rd Ave N Fargo North Dakota 58102 06/26/09 TABLE OF CONTENTS FORWARD...1 Chapter 1 - Laws and Regulations...2 1.1 Maintenance and

### Pool Water Treatment Guide

Pool Water Treatment Guide Welcome The water treatment aspect of maintaining your swimming pool may at first glance seem complicated and time consuming, but in reality is straightforward and need only

### The Ultimate Swimming Experience

The Ultimate Swimming Experience Forward This handbook is designed to provide an understanding of water treatment and sanitation approaches used for residential and commercial swimming pool and spa waters.

### HO M EOW NER S. How to Maintain Your Pool. Pool Cleaning Tips Important Terms Steps To Take Care of your Pool

T H E U LT I MAT E HO M EOW NER S P O OL G U I DE How to Maintain Your Pool Pool Cleaning Tips Important Terms Steps To Take Care of your Pool Mickey Bleeker Owner-Alpha and Omega Pools TABLE OF CONTENTS

### SWIMMING POOL WATER TREATMENT. Product Catalogue

SWIMMING POOL WATER TREATMENT Product Catalogue PoolBoss products allow for a swimming pool to be enjoyed with pride and confidence! PoolBoss products are designed with the pool owner in mind. With a complete

### POOL SUNSHINE IONIZER MODELS SPD, SPD2 AND SPS INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS

Sunshine Pool Products, LLC Manufacturer of Quality Pool & Spa Products 902 W 2010 S, Syracuse, Utah 84075 USA Voice: 801-825-4523 Website: www.sunshinepool.com Email: info@sunshinepool.com POOL SUNSHINE

### The Chemical Adjustment Reference Cheat Sheet

The Chemical Adjustment Reference Cheat Sheet By Terry Duff Howdy! I hope this information finds you well. In this easy to read, short report, you ll find a few charts that will show you what to add and

### NO SALT, NO CHLORINE NO ODOUR

YOUR USER GUIDE TO THE REVOLUTIONARY CHLORINE AND BROMINE FREE SYSTEM FOR SPAS, SWIM SPAS AND HOT TUBS NO SALT, NO CHLORINE NO ODOUR www.crystalwaterspss.com.au CONGRATULATIONS for selecting the CRYSTAL

### Maintenance Guide For Above Ground Pools

Maintenance Guide For Above Ground Pools Includes: General Operations/Overview......... page 2 The Five Keys to Pool Care............ page 2 Pump Operations............... page 3 Filter Operations...............

### First, let s learn a little bit about algae and how it s formed. According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary it s:

ALGAE A MUST READ This guide is by SwimUniversity.com Matt Giovanisci Are you having a huge party and now your pool water is green? Or are you the kind of person who constantly has green pool water no

### Ozone Generator Systems

PZ2-4 Thru PZ2-16 - Commercial and Residential Pools Ozone Generator Systems INSTALLATION GUIDE and OPERATION MANUAL T. O3 NATURAL TECHNOLOGY Reduces Chemical Usage, Improves Sanitation Produces Crystal

### Hot Tub Basic Care 101 How to Keep Your Hot Tub Clean & Well Maintained

Hot Tub Basic Care 101 How to Keep Your Hot Tub Clean & Well Maintained Hot Tub Sanitation & Sanitizers With hundreds of manufacturers producing thousands of hot tub and spa products, choosing the right

### THE REVOLUTIONARY CHLORINE AND BROMINE FREE SYSTEM FOR SPAS, HOT TUBS AND SWIM SPAS

THE REVOLUTIONARY CHLORINE AND BROMINE FREE SYSTEM FOR SPAS, HOT TUBS AND SWIM SPAS Welcome to the world of BY LO-CHLOR Chlorine and Bromine free Spas, hot tubs and swim spas For more information on the

### The Barrier Reef Group

The Barrier Reef Group POOL CARE & MAINTENANCE GUIDE CONGRATULATIONS Your beautiful new Barrier Reef Group Pool is finished and almost ready to enjoy. There are however, things you will need to know in

### Acceptance guideline 7: Discharges from pools

Acceptance guideline 7: Discharges from pools Overview The purpose of this acceptance guideline is to outline under what circumstances Icon Water will permit the discharge of liquid waste into the sewerage

### Maintenance Guide For Inground Pools

Maintenance Guide For Inground Pools Includes: General Operations/Overview......... page 2 The Five Keys to Pool Care............ page 2 Pump Operations............... page 3-4 Filter Operations...............

### Probably the greatest threat to softening resin is iron fouling. Cation resin will exchange ferrous iron Fe +2

Maintaining Ion Exchange Resin Based Systems by Michael C. Keller Sybron Chemicals Inc. Ion exchange resins use a process based upon ion selectivity. In this method, ions of greater preference will displace

### Portable Swimming Pool Reverse Osmosis Systems

Portable Swimming Pool Reverse Osmosis Systems C. Brent Cluff, Ph.D. Clean Water Products A standard practice for pool owners is to periodically drain the swimming pool to reduce calcium and magnesium

TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1: WhyYouShouldTestTheWater...2 Chapter 2: Usingthe5-WayTestStrip...4 Chapter 3: TheRoleofEachPrimaryTestFactor...6 Chlorine...6 Bromine...8 ph...9 TotalAlkalinity...10 TotalHardness...10

### Water Treatment Guide

S W I M M E R Water Treatment Guide Swimmer Water Treatment Guide The water treatment aspect of maintaining your swimming pool may at first glance seem complicated and time consuming but in reality is

### Healthy Water Summit Public Swimming Pools, Spas, and Water Parks June 30, 2009

Healthy Water Live Webcast Public Swimming Pools, Spas, and Water Parks June 30, 2009 8:00 am 12:00 pm 1 Healthy Water Live Webcast Public Swimming Pools, Spas, and Water Parks Program Developers This

### Q: What makes the e-clear oxygenator system such an effective sanitizer for your swimming pool?

FAQ Q: What makes the e-clear oxygenator system such an effective sanitizer for your swimming pool? A: The e-clear oxygenator produces natural oxidizers OH, O1, H2O2 that are more powerful than chlorine

### Troubleshooting Guide

Troubleshooting Guide This PristineBlue Troubleshooting Guide is intended as an aid for our Authorized PristineBlue Dealers in assisting their customers with pool and spa problems. If the use of the information

### Maintaining Safe Swimming Pool Indoor Air Quality

Maintaining Safe Swimming Pool Indoor Air Quality VERSION 1.0 ISSUE DATE JULY 2015 ACKNOWLEDGMENT Special thanks to the Public Services Health and Safety Association for the participation in the review