Validation of the Core Self-Evaluations Scale research instrument in the conditions of Slovak Republic

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Validation of the Core Self-Evaluations Scale research instrument in the conditions of Slovak Republic"

Transcription

1 Validation of the Core Self-Evaluations Scale research instrument in the conditions of Slovak Republic Lenka Selecká, Jana Holienková Faculty of Arts, Department of psychology University of SS. Cyril and Methodius Trnava, Slovakia Abstract - The study is focused on psychometric attributes verification of the Core Self-Evaluations Scale questionnaire (CSES) and validation of this instrument in the conditions of Slovak Republic. The sample comprised of 873 participants (M=25.50, SD=5.774, 17-52). The internal consistency of the questionnaire was proved to be satisfactory (α=0.780). To investigate the construct validity like convergent and discriminant validity of the CSES questionnaire we examined the potential correlations of the Core self-evaluations (CSE) and Big Five personality traits on the sample of 255 individuals (M=29.89, SD=6.787, 20-52). Principal component analysis was used to determine suitability of particular factor model that followed the four original constructs of the questionnaire (self-esteem, generalized self-efficacy, neuroticism, locus of control). Our results demonstrated the suitability and reliability of the translated version of the investigated CSES questionnaire. Keywords - The Core Self-Evaluations Scale, self-esteem, generalized self-efficacy, locus of control, neuroticism, internal consistency, principal component analysis (PCA), validation. I. INTRODUCTION The investigation of dispositional sources of job satisfaction has a rich and diverse history. The researchers investigating the relations between individual s personality and his/her job satisfaction have employed variety of research designs, methodological approaches, measurement strategies and statistical analyses. In recent years, an increasing number of studies has been focused on three theoretical approaches [6]: (1) positive affectivity/negative affectivity, (2) the five-factor model of personality, and (3) Core Self-Evaluations model. Each of these approaches, due to its fundaments, has particular advantages in investigation of dispositional sources of job satisfaction. The first two approaches are well-established in Slovak Republic. However, the last mentioned approach is still an unknown instrument in the investigation of job satisfaction dispositional sources in the conditions of Slovak Republic. The Core Self-Evaluations model represents a relatively new concept in the dispositional approach to job satisfaction research. According to its authors [9], Core Self-Evaluations (CSE) represents a broad, latent, higher-order trait indicated by four well established traits in personality psychology: (1) selfesteem - the overall value that one contributes on oneself as a person, (2) generalized self-efficacy - an evaluation of how well an individual can perform across different situations, (3) neuroticism - the tendency to have negativistic cognitive/explanatory styles and to concentrate on negative aspects of the self, and (4) locus of control - beliefs about the causes of events in one s life - the locus is internal when individuals understand events as being contingent on their own behavior. In most cases the personality traits creating the Core Self- Evaluation model have been studied as individual constructs without discussions on their interrelationships. However, based on the results of number of studies, authors (for example [6], [10], [2], [7], [8], [11]) have discovered that due to empirically proven strong similarities among the respective traits, it might be possible to determine these traits as a one single factor comprising of four dimensions. Several studies have been undertaken to prove the reliability as well as validity of the developed construct (for example [10], [11]). In addition to the United States, its reliability and validity have been confirmed also in other countries, for example in Germany [16] or Japan [14]. Since the Core Self-Evaluation model appears as theoretically and empirically suitable instrument for job satisfaction dispositional sources investigation, we argue that verification of this concept in conditions of Slovak Republic could provide Slovak researchers a set of individual traits that would be useful predictors of job satisfaction. In the presented study we focus on verification of the internal consistency of CSES research instrument. This characteristic could provide basic information about reliability of this method in Slovak conditions. In our study we also investigate the factor structure of the translated questionnaire, as well as its validity in order to develop a standardized instrument, which is a necessity of a quality research method. Participants II. METHODS A total of 873 individuals participated in testing of the psychometric properties of CSES questionnaire in the conditions of Slovak Republic. This sample comprised of 644 females (73.8%) and 228 males (26.1%), one respondent did not indicate the gender (0.1%). The average age was 25.5 years (the youngest participant was 17, the oldest one 52 years old)

2 A part of the sample (N=255; M=29,89; SD=6,787; years) was used in testing of the construct or convergent validity of the CSES questionnaire by analyzing the correlations between CSE and Big Five personality traits. Measure In 1997, reference [9] introduced the theoretical concept of Core Self-Evaluations (CSE) in attempt to provide the personality traits that would be useful predictors of job satisfaction. Based on the theory arguments, reference [10] have in 2003 created an instrument called The Core Self- Evaluations Scale (CSES) that was used to verify the theoretical groundings. During the construction and verification of an instrument assessing the key aspect of CSE, the authors extracted from existing instruments a group of items representing four factors (self-esteem, generalized self-efficacy, neuroticism, locus of control), that have been previously identified based on personality psychology literature review. In the process of validity and components structure identification, the authors performed a series of 6 independent measurements and have developed the final 12-items scale. The total score of the scale is formed as a sum of scores for all twelve items, with respect to reverse items. Respondents indicate their level of agreement with the particular statements on 5-point Likert-type scale, with answers ranging from strong disagreement (1) to strong agreement (5). In the first stage of testing a four factor model was examined by exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. However, alternative models identified strong intercorrelation between the first three factors, while locus of control reported considerably lower values and was therefore understood as a separate factor. In the next stage the differences between twofactor and one-factor model have been tested. However, the differences showed very low values, thus the CSES questionnaire was determined by its authors as a single-factor model [10]. The internal consistency analysis has been performed in a series of six independent measurements (N 1 =280; N 2 =175; N 3 =126; N 4 =265; N 5 =205; N 6 =126), and in all measurements it achieved values of Cronbach s alpha greater than 0.80 (α 1 =0.85; α 2 =0.83; α 3 =0.85; α 4 =0.87; α 5 =0.83; α 6 =0.81), with average value of Also, the correlations between different items of the research instrument have been tested, and their valued ranged from 0.48 to 0.55 (average value was 0.50). Since the correlation matrix proved intercorrelation between the respective items, the authors [10] considered the research instrument to be internally consistent. The presented research comprises the creation of a new version of the CSES questionnaire, which analysis (in terms of translation into Slovak language) is a subject of the analysis. After studying the questionnaire we prepared its translated version, based on independent translations of two psychologists. The translated CSES questionnaire has been administered to 873 persons with detailed instructions how to fill the questionnaire. The data obtained (N=873) was used to test the psychometric properties of the questionnaire using principal components analysis, that analyze the correlations between manifest variables and based on them determines the latent variable. In the translated questionnaire we also examined its internal consistency and its validity. The obtained data was processed using SPSS statistical software. III. RESULTS One of the common ways of estimating reliability of a test method is the assessment of internal consistency reliability, which is counted by Cronbach's coefficient alpha [18]. Internal consistency reliability was used mainly because the original questionnaire authors [10] established the presence of sufficiently strong positive correlations among all items of the CSES questionnaire, which is a basic requirement for the internal consistency estimation. TABLE I. Mean (SD) DISTRIBUTIONAL PROPERTIES AND RELIABILITY EXTIMATES OF THE CSES QUESTIONNAIRE Internal consistency reliability (N of items) (0.577) (12) Note: Internal consistency estimates are Cronbach s coefficient alpha (α) reliability estimates. Table 1 presents the CSES questionnaire s descriptive statistics and its internal consistency estimate. The minimum acceptable value of reliability is to be 0.70 [17]. In this context, we can say a satisfactory internal consistency coefficient is achieved. In the comparison to the English version of the original questionnaire authors [10] the consistency of the Slovak questionnaire is slightly lower, since the authors achieved an average internal consistency of Potential correlation relations among CSE and personality traits of Big-five model of personality were examined in order to assess the CSES construct validity. Based on the personality traits theoretical definitions it is assumed a presence of a relations (convergent validity), or on the contrary an absence of relations (discriminant validity) with total Core Selfevaluations (CSE). TABLE II. Neuroticism Extraversion CONSTRUCT VALIDITY THE CSES - NEO-FFI (CORRELATION COEFFICIENTS Openness to Agreeableness Conscientiousness experience r -0,637 0,376-0,038 0,227 0,467 p 0,000 0,000 0,555 0,000 0,000 As can be observed in Table 2, positive moderate correlations (0.376 and 0.467) among personality traits extraversion, conscientiousness and CSE are found. A negative, moderate correlation (-0.637) is found between neuroticism and total score of the Core Self-Evaluations (G- CSES). Overall, the G-CSES showed significant convergence with the three personality traits. The data thus provide support for convergent validity of CSES. Analogically we tested discriminant validity of the questionnaire, where we assumed that G-CSES should correlate weakly or not statistically significantly with openness

3 to experience and agreeableness in the Five-factor model of personality traits in compliance with the conclusions of the original questionnaire authors [10]. These constructs are shown to be distinct from CSES and therefore their results support discriminant validity of the English version CSES. In Table 2 are shown the correlations between G-CSES and the two mentioned personality traits. One personality trait, namely openness to experience, doesn t significantly correlate with CSE (-0.038) and agreeableness correlates with G-CSES weakly (0.227). The openness to experience - G-CSES correlation supports discriminant validity of the Slovak version CSES. Weak correlation between agreeableness and G-CSES is contradictory. However, it is consistent with the Germanlanguage CSES validation findings [4]. Testing of the CSES construct validity indicates that the questionnaire is a valid construct, it converges with three personality traits and diverges from openness to experience. Reference [10] analysed the structure of the CSES questionnaire using Confirmatory Factor Analysis. There was suggestion that the structure could be composed by 4 or 2 factors but it was found out that these structures gave little incremental information than treating it as a single measure. We also tested the factor structure although we used Exploratory Factor Analysis. In this study, Principal Components Analysis (PCA) was used to examine psychometric properties of the CSES questionnaire. The reason to use PCA in our study is that this is not final psychometric properties testing, the study has exploratory character. In the following, we present the results of Exploratory Factor Analysis for the CSES questionnaire. The data obtained from the translated version of the questionnaire is analyzed by Principal Component Analysis. We allowed the factors to be rotated to see if there was a clear under structure to the items. We used a rotation method Promax because this rotation allows us to monitor the interdependence of the components. Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin test of Sampling Adequacy gained a sufficient value (0.875) as each value above 0.5 is acceptable [13], so it is possible to consider that PCA is in this case adequate and its results are explicitly distinguishable components. Moreover, the result of Bartlett's test of Sphericity is significant (Approx. X² = ; p = 0.000), suggesting that the variables are related. Both tests lead to the conclusion of the adequacy of Principal Components Analysis. To determine the ideal number of factors we applied both the Eigenvalue and a Scree test. Based on Kaiser Normalization which determines the importance of a component by eigenvalue, we can conclude that the model manifests two significant components in the data. Two factors together explain % of the variance. The first component has an eigenvalue of and accounts for % of the total variance. The second factor has an eigenvalue of and accounts for an additional % of the variance. The scree plot for these eigenvalues is shown below (Figure 1). Figure 1. Scree Plot As can be seen in the scree chart there is a dramatic break after the third factor which tends to support the existence of three components. However, the third component has an eigenvalue of and as long as the number of variables is less than 30 it is appropriate to use Kaiser Normalization [12]. Two-component model in this regard seems to be ideal; when we examined the actual items that were loading on each component we have got the following structure (Table 3). In this case we have applied Promax rotation, because it is designed to help clarify the difference between factors, it provides the optimal balance between simple structure and correlated components result [5]. TABLE III. PRINCIPAL COMPONENT ANALYSIS WITH PROMAX ROTATION METHOD Item 11,867 Item 3,861 Item 7,838 Item 5,827 Item 9,761 Item 1,713 Component 1 2 Item 12,772 Item 4,728 Item 8,721 Item 2,302,679 Item 6,668 Item 10 -,380,514 The factorial distribution presumed by the original CSES questionnaire authors in the two-factor model was not estimated in Slovak translation of the questionnaire. The authors [10] report that locus of control correlates with generalized self-efficacy, self-esteem and neuroticism weaker as these factors are correlated with each other. Therefore, authors assembled a two factorial model of the questionnaire,

4 in which locus of the control represents one factor and three other concepts represent the other factor. As it can be seen in Table 3, items of the questionnaire are distributed in two equivalent components. The items loading to Component 1 would appear to feeling of confidence in life, ability to cope with problems and success in life. Items loading to Component 2 are very similar, they are represented by the feeling of control over one's career, positive thoughts over life and self-worth. It is difficult to distinguish one component from another one, which suggests that to a large extent they are measuring the same construct. A rational analysis of the data can be accepted as a basic confirmation of the findings by authors [10]. As we discovered, it is possible to extract two components from the data, but it does not add much incremental information to the interpretation. Since the informational value of two-factor model is difficult to support, the next step in our analysis should be determining a single-factor model. However, in order to confirm the suitability of the single-factor model, it would be necessary to carry out Confirmatory Factor Analysis, which will be realized in the near future. In the present study, the objective was to verify internal consistency reliability of the Slovak version of the CSES questionnaire and exploring sources of validity in the conditions of Slovak republic. IV. DISCUSSION Quality instrument measuring psychological attribute must meet certain requirements. One of the basic conditions is reliability. However, if a method should be considered as quality and standard, it must reach certain values. Internal consistency can have values ranging from 0 to 1, while the value of empirical reliability index should ideally be as close as possible to the value 1. The aim is not always reach a value of 1, the optimal values range from 0.80 to 0.90 [3]. The minimum value of reliability coefficient should reach 0.70 [17]. In this sense it can be established that the translated version of the CSES questionnaire reached an adequate degree of internal consistency, the evidence of the questionnaire reliability will be verified on larger research samples and under different conditions (such as persons with different professions, age, from different regions, different personality features) in the next period. Another basic requirement of a quality psychological instrument is its validity. Our study s aim is to verify the construct validity of the investigated questionnaire, respectively to verify its construct resources [17]. Construct validation of the present article is verified on one hand by correlation analysis between Core Self-evaluation score and selected personality constructs and on the other hand using Principal Component Analysis. Construct validation pursued on Slovak sample shows positive relations with extraversion and conscientiousness. Those who tend to be more sociable and active tend as well to evaluate themselves and their control over their environment in a more positive manner. Therefore, a moderate correlation between these personality traits and CSE can be expected. Our data provided support for convergent validity of CSE as a part of construct validity. Openness to experience and agreeableness are believed to divergent from CSE. Openness to experience is characterized as a tendency to have an active imagination, intellectual curiosity, flexibility, as well as being autonomous [1]. As such it is distinct from CSE, which we succeeded to achieve since openness to experience doesn t significantly correlate with Core Self-Evaluations. This finding supports discriminant validity of the Slovak version CSES. Agreeableness is defined as a trait with interpersonal tendencies through altruism [15]. Weak correlation between agreeableness and CSE can be broadly interpreted as transfer of gentle approach from oneself to the interpersonal environment. We don t understand this relation as contradictory to discriminant validity of the translated questionnaire since there can be found some common indicators as mentioned and the correlation between them is weak. Construct validity of CSES suggests it is a valid construct. However, further testing the construct validity of the translated questionnaire will be a part of the questionnaire future adaptation. Construct validity will be evaluated through correlation analysis between translated questionnaire CSES and questionnaires oriented to the four original constructs, which are self-esteem, generalized self-efficacy, neuroticism and locus of control. We will proceed to this process because in conditions of Slovak republic there is no instrument that would examine Core Self-Evaluation, in case we understand it as a separate psychological construct. Incremental validity will be verified in the coming period concerning the criteria of job and life satisfaction. CSES should add incremental validity beyond locus of control and personality traits of Five-factor model of personality concerning the criteria of job satisfaction. Executed Principal Component Analysis represents twocomponent model which doesn t have the same item loadings as the original questionnaire. Items load to different components as the original version of the questionnaire; different factor analysis was used and therefore it was not possible to determine in advance which items should be included in which component, but this follows from possibilities of current psychometric testing. Despite different factor analysis, exploratory versus confirmatory factor analysis, similar results are expectable. Different factor loadings could on one hand arise from imprecision in the original meaning of the items or on the other hand understanding of feelings and behaviour described in some items may be in the Slovak population other than abroad. Two-component model includes one component connected to feelings of confidence in life, ability to cope and success in life and another component presented by feeling of control over one's career, positive thoughts over life and self-worth. The difficulty to distinguish one component from another suggests that to a large extent they are measuring the same construct. In order to confirm the suitability of the single-factor model a Confirmatory Factor Analysis will be executed. Preliminary results suggest the Slovak version of CSES to be reliable and there is some empirical evidence about

5 construct validity of the questionnaire. Even though further evaluations are necessary, present study can be an important step towards possibilities in the Core Self-Evaluations research in Slovak environment. ACKNOWLEDGMENT This study was realized as a part of the research project Validation of the Core Self-Evaluations Scale in the conditions of Slovak Republic supported by the University of SS. Cyril and Methodius Research and Development Support Fund number FPPV REFERENCES [1] D. W. Ariani, Personality and learning motivation, European Journal of Bussiness and Management, vol. 5, no. 10, pp , [2] A. Erez, and T. A. Judge, Relationship of Core self-evaluations to goal setting, motivation, and performance, Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 86, pp , [3] J. Gliem, and R. Gliem, Calculating, interpreting, and reporting Cronbach s alpha reliability coefficient for Likert-type scales, 2003 Midwest Research to Practice Conference in Adult, Continuing and Community Eduction. Columbus, Ohia, [4] T. Heilmann, and K. Jonas, Validation of German-language Core selfevaluations scale, Social Behavior and Personality, vol. 38, no. 2, pp , [5] A. E. Hendrickson, and O. White, Promax: A guick method for rotation to oblique simple structure, The British Journal of Statistical Psychology, vol. 17, no. 1, pp , [6] T. A. Judge, D. Heller, and R. Klinger, The dispositional sources of job satisfaction: A comparative test, Applied Psychology: An International Review, vol. 57, no. 3, pp , [7] T. A. Judge, J. Bono, and E. A. Locke, Personality and job satisfaction: The mediating role of job characteristics, Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 85, pp , [8] T. A. Judge, A. Erez, and J. Bono, The power of being positive: The relationship between positive Self-concept and job performance, Human Performance, vol. 11, pp , [9] T. A. Judge, E. A. Locke, and C. C. Durham, The dispositional causes of job satisfaction: A Core evaluations approach, Research in Organizational Behavior, vol. 19, pp , [10] T. A. Judge, et al., The Core self-evaluations scale: Development of a measure, Personnel Psychology, vol. 56, pp , [11] T. A. Judge, et al., Dispositional effects on job and life satisfaction: The role of Core evaluations, Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 83, pp , [12] H. F. Kaiser, The Varimax criterion for analytic rotation in factor analysis, Psychometrika, vol. 23, no. 3, pp , [13] H. F. Kaiser, An index of factorial simplicity, Psychometrika, vol. 39, no. 1, pp , [14] R. F. Piccolo, et al., Core self-evaluations in Japan: Relative effects on job satisfaction, life satisfaction, and happiness, Journal of Organizational Behavior, vol. 26, pp , [15] I. Ruisel, and P. Halama, NEO Five-Factor Inventory, Praha: Hogrefe Testcentrum, [16] T. Stumpp, et al., Core Self-evaluations in Germany: Validation of a German Measure and its relationships with career success, Applied Psychology: An International Review, vol. 59, no. 4, pp , [17] T. Urbánek, D. Denglerová, and J. Širůček, J. Psychometrika. Praha: Portál,

IMPACT OF CORE SELF EVALUATION (CSE) ON JOB SATISFACTION IN EDUCATION SECTOR OF PAKISTAN Yasir IQBAL University of the Punjab Pakistan

IMPACT OF CORE SELF EVALUATION (CSE) ON JOB SATISFACTION IN EDUCATION SECTOR OF PAKISTAN Yasir IQBAL University of the Punjab Pakistan IMPACT OF CORE SELF EVALUATION (CSE) ON JOB SATISFACTION IN EDUCATION SECTOR OF PAKISTAN Yasir IQBAL University of the Punjab Pakistan ABSTRACT The focus of this research is to determine the impact of

More information

Doing Quantitative Research 26E02900, 6 ECTS Lecture 2: Measurement Scales. Olli-Pekka Kauppila Rilana Riikkinen

Doing Quantitative Research 26E02900, 6 ECTS Lecture 2: Measurement Scales. Olli-Pekka Kauppila Rilana Riikkinen Doing Quantitative Research 26E02900, 6 ECTS Lecture 2: Measurement Scales Olli-Pekka Kauppila Rilana Riikkinen Learning Objectives 1. Develop the ability to assess a quality of measurement instruments

More information

Lecture 7: Factor Analysis. Laura McAvinue School of Psychology Trinity College Dublin

Lecture 7: Factor Analysis. Laura McAvinue School of Psychology Trinity College Dublin Lecture 7: Factor Analysis Laura McAvinue School of Psychology Trinity College Dublin The Relationship between Variables Previous lectures Correlation Measure of strength of association between two variables

More information

Factor Analysis. Principal components factor analysis. Use of extracted factors in multivariate dependency models

Factor Analysis. Principal components factor analysis. Use of extracted factors in multivariate dependency models Factor Analysis Principal components factor analysis Use of extracted factors in multivariate dependency models 2 KEY CONCEPTS ***** Factor Analysis Interdependency technique Assumptions of factor analysis

More information

FACTOR ANALYSIS EXPLORATORY APPROACHES. Kristofer Årestedt

FACTOR ANALYSIS EXPLORATORY APPROACHES. Kristofer Årestedt FACTOR ANALYSIS EXPLORATORY APPROACHES Kristofer Årestedt 2013-04-28 UNIDIMENSIONALITY Unidimensionality imply that a set of items forming an instrument measure one thing in common Unidimensionality is

More information

USEFULNESS AND BENEFITS OF E-BANKING / INTERNET BANKING SERVICES

USEFULNESS AND BENEFITS OF E-BANKING / INTERNET BANKING SERVICES CHAPTER 6 USEFULNESS AND BENEFITS OF E-BANKING / INTERNET BANKING SERVICES 6.1 Introduction In the previous two chapters, bank customers adoption of e-banking / internet banking services and functional

More information

T-test & factor analysis

T-test & factor analysis Parametric tests T-test & factor analysis Better than non parametric tests Stringent assumptions More strings attached Assumes population distribution of sample is normal Major problem Alternatives Continue

More information

Overview of Factor Analysis

Overview of Factor Analysis Overview of Factor Analysis Jamie DeCoster Department of Psychology University of Alabama 348 Gordon Palmer Hall Box 870348 Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0348 Phone: (205) 348-4431 Fax: (205) 348-8648 August 1,

More information

ijcrb.webs.com INTERDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY RESEARCH IN BUSINESS Personality influences Advertisement Likeness DR KAMRAN SIDDIQUI

ijcrb.webs.com INTERDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY RESEARCH IN BUSINESS Personality influences Advertisement Likeness DR KAMRAN SIDDIQUI INTERDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY RESEARCH IN BUSINESS Personality influences Advertisement Likeness VOL 3, NO 2 DR KAMRAN SIDDIQUI MBA(IBA, Karachi) MA Marketing (University of Bradford, UK) PhD

More information

INSIGHTMirror 360 Survey Analysis

INSIGHTMirror 360 Survey Analysis INSIGHTMirror 360 Survey Analysis Prepared for: Bookman Resources, Inc. / InsightMirror 360 Date Delivered: May 14, 2011 Overview: Reliability and Validity Study for Bookman Resources, Inc. / INSIGHTMirror

More information

How to report the percentage of explained common variance in exploratory factor analysis

How to report the percentage of explained common variance in exploratory factor analysis UNIVERSITAT ROVIRA I VIRGILI How to report the percentage of explained common variance in exploratory factor analysis Tarragona 2013 Please reference this document as: Lorenzo-Seva, U. (2013). How to report

More information

English Summary 1. cognitively-loaded test and a non-cognitive test, the latter often comprised of the five-factor model of

English Summary 1. cognitively-loaded test and a non-cognitive test, the latter often comprised of the five-factor model of English Summary 1 Both cognitive and non-cognitive predictors are important with regard to predicting performance. Testing to select students in higher education or personnel in organizations is often

More information

Emotionally unstable? It spells trouble for work, relationships and life

Emotionally unstable? It spells trouble for work, relationships and life Emotionally unstable? It spells trouble for work, relationships and life Rob Bailey and Tatiana Gulko, OPP Ltd Summary This presentation explores a range of studies of resilience using the 16PF questionnaire,

More information

Opportunities for emotional intelligence in the context of nursing

Opportunities for emotional intelligence in the context of nursing Ilievová et al. Journal of Health Sciences 2013;3(1):20-25 http://www.jhsci.ba Journal of Health Sciences RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Opportunities for emotional intelligence in the context of nursing

More information

Does organizational culture cheer organizational profitability? A case study on a Bangalore based Software Company

Does organizational culture cheer organizational profitability? A case study on a Bangalore based Software Company Does organizational culture cheer organizational profitability? A case study on a Bangalore based Software Company S Deepalakshmi Assistant Professor Department of Commerce School of Business, Alliance

More information

Asian Research Consortium

Asian Research Consortium Asian Research Consortium International Journal of Research in Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management, Vol. 1, No. 4, 2013, pp. 210-217. ISSN 2320-8724 International Journal of Research

More information

What is Rotating in Exploratory Factor Analysis?

What is Rotating in Exploratory Factor Analysis? A peer-reviewed electronic journal. Copyright is retained by the first or sole author, who grants right of first publication to the Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation. Permission is granted to

More information

Writing Up A Factor Analysis. Table of Contents

Writing Up A Factor Analysis. Table of Contents Writing Up A Factor Analysis James Neill Centre for Applied Psychology University of Canberra 30 March, 2008 Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/au/ Table

More information

Hatice Camgöz Akdağ. findings of previous research in which two independent firm clusters were

Hatice Camgöz Akdağ. findings of previous research in which two independent firm clusters were Innovative Culture and Total Quality Management as a Tool for Sustainable Competitiveness: A Case Study of Turkish Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry SMEs, Sedef Akgüngör Hatice Camgöz Akdağ Aslı

More information

BRIEF REPORT: Short Form of the VIA Inventory of Strengths: Construction and Initial Tests of Reliability and Validity

BRIEF REPORT: Short Form of the VIA Inventory of Strengths: Construction and Initial Tests of Reliability and Validity International Journal of Humanities Social Sciences and Education (IJHSSE) BRIEF REPORT: Short Form of the VIA Inventory of Strengths: Construction and Initial Tests of Reliability and Validity Hadassah

More information

RELATION BETWEEN TYPUS MELANCHOLICUS AND MEDICAL ACCIDENT IN JAPANESE NURSES

RELATION BETWEEN TYPUS MELANCHOLICUS AND MEDICAL ACCIDENT IN JAPANESE NURSES RELATION BETWEEN TYPUS MELANCHOLICUS AND MEDICAL ACCIDENT IN JAPANESE NURSES Yasuyuki YAMADA 1, Masataka HIROSAWA 1,2, Miyuki SUGIURA 1, Aya OKADA 1, Motoki MIZUNO 1,2 1 Department of Health and Sports

More information

Principal Components Analysis (PCA)

Principal Components Analysis (PCA) Principal Components Analysis (PCA) Janette Walde janette.walde@uibk.ac.at Department of Statistics University of Innsbruck Outline I Introduction Idea of PCA Principle of the Method Decomposing an Association

More information

Motivational strategies of students in Virtual University

Motivational strategies of students in Virtual University Motivational strategies of students in Virtual University Anne Nevgi Department of Education University of Helsinki A paper to be presented in Evidence-Based Policies and Indicator Systems Third International

More information

Work Personality Index and the Emotional Quotient Inventory

Work Personality Index and the Emotional Quotient Inventory PA G E 1 Work Personality Index and the Emotional Quotient Inventory Compiled by: Casper van Zyl and Nicola Taylor, Jopie van Rooyen & Partners SA (Pty) Ltd. 2010 Jopie van Rooyen & Partners SA (Pty) Ltd.

More information

Rachel J. Goldberg, Guideline Research/Atlanta, Inc., Duluth, GA

Rachel J. Goldberg, Guideline Research/Atlanta, Inc., Duluth, GA PROC FACTOR: How to Interpret the Output of a Real-World Example Rachel J. Goldberg, Guideline Research/Atlanta, Inc., Duluth, GA ABSTRACT THE METHOD This paper summarizes a real-world example of a factor

More information

Proc. of Int. Conf. on Computing, Communication & Manufacturing 2014

Proc. of Int. Conf. on Computing, Communication & Manufacturing 2014 Proc. of Int. Conf. on Computing, Communication & Manufacturing 2014 Technology Acceptance Model implementation in Open Source Learning Management System Parantap Chatterjee MCKV Institute Of Engineering/MCA,

More information

Relationship between Critical Thinking and Personality Based on the History of Psychology Teaching

Relationship between Critical Thinking and Personality Based on the History of Psychology Teaching American International Journal of Social Science Vol. 3, No. 5; October 2014 Relationship between Critical Thinking and Personality Based on the History of Psychology Teaching Aihua Tao Xing Li Xinglin

More information

Evaluating Personality-Based Job Requirements

Evaluating Personality-Based Job Requirements Evaluating Personality-Based Job Requirements Joyce Hogan and Brent Holland Hogan Assessment Systems Paper presented at Seventeenth Annual Meeting of the Society for Industrial-Organizational Psychology,

More information

SUCCESSFUL EXECUTION OF PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS: THE EFFECTS OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT FORMALITY, AUTONOMY AND RESOURCE FLEXIBILITY

SUCCESSFUL EXECUTION OF PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS: THE EFFECTS OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT FORMALITY, AUTONOMY AND RESOURCE FLEXIBILITY SUCCESSFUL EXECUTION OF PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS: THE EFFECTS OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT FORMALITY, AUTONOMY AND RESOURCE FLEXIBILITY MOHAN V. TATIKONDA Kenan-Flagler Business School University of North

More information

Using Personality to Predict Outbound Call Center Job Performance

Using Personality to Predict Outbound Call Center Job Performance Applied H.R.M. Research, 2005, Volume 10, Number 2, pages 89-98 Using Personality to Predict Outbound Call Center Job Performance Pamela Skyrme Skyrme & Associates, Inc. Lisa Wilkinson University of South

More information

Development of Emotional Intelligence through Stress Experiences: The Role of Dichotomous Thinking

Development of Emotional Intelligence through Stress Experiences: The Role of Dichotomous Thinking Journal of Health Science 2015, 5(2): 42-46 DOI: 10.5923/j.health.20150502.03 Development of Emotional Intelligence through Stress Experiences: The Role of Dichotomous Thinking Hikari Namatame 1,*, Hiroko

More information

Factor Analysis Using SPSS

Factor Analysis Using SPSS Psychology 305 p. 1 Factor Analysis Using SPSS Overview For this computer assignment, you will conduct a series of principal factor analyses to examine the factor structure of a new instrument developed

More information

Factorial Invariance in Student Ratings of Instruction

Factorial Invariance in Student Ratings of Instruction Factorial Invariance in Student Ratings of Instruction Isaac I. Bejar Educational Testing Service Kenneth O. Doyle University of Minnesota The factorial invariance of student ratings of instruction across

More information

About Me (Reynolds Child Depression Scale) Grade 3 / Year 4 Fast Track Project Technical Report Stephanie Little & Grace Yan Fang December, 2000

About Me (Reynolds Child Depression Scale) Grade 3 / Year 4 Fast Track Project Technical Report Stephanie Little & Grace Yan Fang December, 2000 About Me (Reynolds Child Depression Scale) Grade 3 / Year 4 Fast Track Project Technical Report Stephanie Little & Grace Yan Fang December, 2000 Table of Contents: I. Introduction II. Report Sample and

More information

The Effect of Mathematics Self-Efficacy on Mathematics Achievement of High School Students

The Effect of Mathematics Self-Efficacy on Mathematics Achievement of High School Students University of Connecticut DigitalCommons@UConn NERA Conference Proceedings 2009 Northeastern Educational Research Association (NERA) Annual Conference 10-22-2009 The Effect of Mathematics Self-Efficacy

More information

IMPACT OF INFORMATION LITERACY AND LEARNER CHARACTERISTICS ON LEARNING BEHAVIOR OF JAPANESE STUDENTS IN ONLINE COURSES

IMPACT OF INFORMATION LITERACY AND LEARNER CHARACTERISTICS ON LEARNING BEHAVIOR OF JAPANESE STUDENTS IN ONLINE COURSES International Journal of Case Method Research & Application (2008) XX, 4 2008 WACRA. All rights reserved ISSN 1554-7752 IMPACT OF INFORMATION LITERACY AND LEARNER CHARACTERISTICS ON LEARNING BEHAVIOR OF

More information

4. There are no dependent variables specified... Instead, the model is: VAR 1. Or, in terms of basic measurement theory, we could model it as:

4. There are no dependent variables specified... Instead, the model is: VAR 1. Or, in terms of basic measurement theory, we could model it as: 1 Neuendorf Factor Analysis Assumptions: 1. Metric (interval/ratio) data 2. Linearity (in the relationships among the variables--factors are linear constructions of the set of variables; the critical source

More information

INTERNAL MARKETING ESTABLISHES A CULTURE OF LEARNING ORGANIZATION

INTERNAL MARKETING ESTABLISHES A CULTURE OF LEARNING ORGANIZATION INTERNAL MARKETING ESTABLISHES A CULTURE OF LEARNING ORGANIZATION Yafang Tsai, Department of Health Policy and Management, Chung-Shan Medical University, Taiwan, (886)-4-24730022 ext.12127, avon611@gmail.com

More information

HANDOUT ON VALIDITY. 1. Content Validity

HANDOUT ON VALIDITY. 1. Content Validity HANDOUT ON VALIDITY A measure (e.g. a test, a questionnaire or a scale) is useful if it is reliable and valid. A measure is valid if it measures what it purports to measure. Validity can be assessed in

More information

To do a factor analysis, we need to select an extraction method and a rotation method. Hit the Extraction button to specify your extraction method.

To do a factor analysis, we need to select an extraction method and a rotation method. Hit the Extraction button to specify your extraction method. Factor Analysis in SPSS To conduct a Factor Analysis, start from the Analyze menu. This procedure is intended to reduce the complexity in a set of data, so we choose Data Reduction from the menu. And the

More information

Correlation between the five-factor model of personality-happiness and the academic achievement of physical education students

Correlation between the five-factor model of personality-happiness and the academic achievement of physical education students Available online at www.pelagiaresearchlibrary.com European Journal of Experimental Biology, 2013, 3(6): 422-426 ISSN: 2248 9215 CODEN (USA): EJEBAU Correlation between the five-factor model of personality-happiness

More information

Validation of the MUSIC Model of Academic Motivation Inventory: A Measure of Students Motivation in College Courses

Validation of the MUSIC Model of Academic Motivation Inventory: A Measure of Students Motivation in College Courses Validation of the MUSIC Model of Academic Motivation Inventory: A Measure of Students Motivation in College Courses Brett D. Jones & Gary Skaggs Virginia Tech Research presented at the International Conference

More information

Personality and Job Engagement

Personality and Job Engagement Personality and Job Engagement Ilke Inceoglu (SHL Group, London) and Peter Warr (Institute of Work Psychology, Sheffield) Abstract The affective-motivational state of job engagement has been shown to differ

More information

PERSONALITY FACETS AND CUSTOMER LOYALTY IN ONLINE GAMES

PERSONALITY FACETS AND CUSTOMER LOYALTY IN ONLINE GAMES PERSONALITY FACETS AND CUSTOMER LOYALTY IN ONLINE GAMES Ching-I Teng 1 and Yun-Jung Chen 2 Department of Business Administration, Chang Gung University, Taiwan 1 chingit@mail.cgu.edu.tw; 2 dinos1910@yahoo.com.tw

More information

THE USING FACTOR ANALYSIS METHOD IN PREDICTION OF BUSINESS FAILURE

THE USING FACTOR ANALYSIS METHOD IN PREDICTION OF BUSINESS FAILURE THE USING FACTOR ANALYSIS METHOD IN PREDICTION OF BUSINESS FAILURE Mary Violeta Petrescu Ph. D University of Craiova Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Craiova, Romania Abstract: : After

More information

Teachers Academy for Mathematics and Science 501 W. 35th Street Chicago,IL Race & Associates. Ltd. Prepared by

Teachers Academy for Mathematics and Science 501 W. 35th Street Chicago,IL Race & Associates. Ltd. Prepared by Brief Report to the Teachers Academy for Mathematics and Science: Psychometric Properties of A New Test to Assess Basic Skilts in Mathematics and Science of Teachers and an Update Analysis on the Teacher

More information

Construct Validation of the Saville Consulting Wave Types Model of Transformers & Transactors

Construct Validation of the Saville Consulting Wave Types Model of Transformers & Transactors Construct Validation of the Saville Consulting Wave Types Model of Transformers & Transactors Dr Rainer Kurz, Saville Consulting rainer.kurz@savilleconsulting.com Steffen Feindt, University of Bielefeld

More information

PRINCIPAL COMPONENTS AND THE MAXIMUM LIKELIHOOD METHODS AS TOOLS TO ANALYZE LARGE DATA WITH A PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING EXAMPLE

PRINCIPAL COMPONENTS AND THE MAXIMUM LIKELIHOOD METHODS AS TOOLS TO ANALYZE LARGE DATA WITH A PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING EXAMPLE PRINCIPAL COMPONENTS AND THE MAXIMUM LIKELIHOOD METHODS AS TOOLS TO ANALYZE LARGE DATA WITH A PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING EXAMPLE Markela Muca Llukan Puka Klodiana Bani Department of Mathematics, Faculty of

More information

The role of personality in adolescent career planning and exploration: A social cognitive perspective

The role of personality in adolescent career planning and exploration: A social cognitive perspective The role of personality in adolescent career planning and exploration: A social cognitive perspective Authors: Mary E. Rogers 1, Peter A. Creed 2, and A. Ian Glendon 2 1 Griffith University, School of

More information

Validity and Reliability of the Malay Version of Duke University Religion Index (DUREL-M) Among A Group of Nursing Student

Validity and Reliability of the Malay Version of Duke University Religion Index (DUREL-M) Among A Group of Nursing Student ORIGINAL PAPER Validity and Reliability of the Malay Version of Duke University Religion Index (DUREL-M) Among A Group of Nursing Student Nurasikin MS 1, Aini A 1, Aida Syarinaz AA 2, Ng CG 2 1 Department

More information

The Validity of the Multidimensional Scales of Perceived Self Efficacy in Jamaica

The Validity of the Multidimensional Scales of Perceived Self Efficacy in Jamaica Self Efficacy in Jamaica The Validity of the Multidimensional Scales of Perceived Self Efficacy in Jamaica Marina Ramkissoon The University of the West Indies, Mona Abstract The purpose of this study was

More information

LIFE ORIENTATION TEST Revised (LOT-R)

LIFE ORIENTATION TEST Revised (LOT-R) LIFE ORIENTATION TEST Revised (LOT-R) Reference: Scheier, M. F., Carver, C. S., & Bridges, M. W. (1994). Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): A re-evaluation

More information

Sci.Int.(Lahore),26(5), ,2014 ISSN ; CODEN: SINTE

Sci.Int.(Lahore),26(5), ,2014 ISSN ; CODEN: SINTE Sci.Int.(Lahore),26(5),2535-2540,2014 ISSN 1013-5316; CODEN: SINTE 8 2535 WORK MOTIVATION AND ITS IMPACT ON SELF-EFFICACY LEVEL OF EMPLOYEES: EVIDENCE FROM BANKING SECTOR OF LAHORE, PAKISTAN 1 Shamaila

More information

Development of a Scale to Assess Adequacy of Organizational Structure

Development of a Scale to Assess Adequacy of Organizational Structure 121 International Journal of Social Science Studies Vol. 2, No. 1; January 2014 ISSN 2324-8033 E-ISSN 2324-8041 Published by Redfame Publishing URL: http://ijsss.redfame.com Development of a Scale to Assess

More information

AdaptationofthePsychological SenseofSchool MembershipScaletoTurkish

AdaptationofthePsychological SenseofSchool MembershipScaletoTurkish Global Journal of HUMANSOCIAL SCIENCE: G Linguistics & Education Volume 15 Issue 7 Version 1.0 Type: Double Blind Peer Reviewed International Research Journal Publisher: Global Journals Inc. (USA) Online

More information

Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences 2 (2010) WCES Bahattin Göktan a, Müge Akba a *

Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences 2 (2010) WCES Bahattin Göktan a, Müge Akba a * Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences 2 (2010) 5458 5462 WCES-2010 An investigation on Turkish military school students: Are there associations among big five

More information

Getting Started in Factor Analysis (using Stata 10) (ver. 1.5)

Getting Started in Factor Analysis (using Stata 10) (ver. 1.5) Getting Started in Factor Analysis (using Stata 10) (ver. 1.5) Oscar Torres-Reyna Data Consultant otorres@princeton.edu http://dss.princeton.edu/training/ Factor analysis is used mostly for data reduction

More information

IMPACT OF BIG FIVE PERSONALITY TRAITS ON JOB PERFORMANCE (ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT AS A MEDIATOR)

IMPACT OF BIG FIVE PERSONALITY TRAITS ON JOB PERFORMANCE (ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT AS A MEDIATOR) IMPACT OF BIG FIVE PERSONALITY TRAITS ON JOB PERFORMANCE (ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT AS A MEDIATOR) Jawwad Ahmad Peer Mehar Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University, Pakistan jwdmba@yahoo.com Muhammad Razzaq

More information

Research Report for Adaptive Testing Assessment

Research Report for Adaptive Testing Assessment Research Report for Adaptive Testing Assessment Overview of this Research Report The purpose of this report is to provide the validity research for the Everything DiSC assessment and profiles. Section

More information

EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERN & SOCIAL NORMS ON ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLY BEHAVIORAL INTENTIONS

EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERN & SOCIAL NORMS ON ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLY BEHAVIORAL INTENTIONS 169 EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERN & SOCIAL NORMS ON ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLY BEHAVIORAL INTENTIONS Joshi Pradeep Assistant Professor, Quantum School of Business, Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India joshipradeep_2004@yahoo.com

More information

RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY OF TRUE COLORS. Judith A. Whichard, Ph.D. True Colors Master Trainer June Executive Summary

RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY OF TRUE COLORS. Judith A. Whichard, Ph.D. True Colors Master Trainer June Executive Summary RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY OF TRUE COLORS Judith A. Whichard, Ph.D. True Colors Master Trainer June 2006 Executive Summary In an effort to ensure the ongoing quality of its programs and products, True Colors

More information

Validation of the Saville Consulting Analysis Aptitude Assessment Range

Validation of the Saville Consulting Analysis Aptitude Assessment Range Validation of the Saville Consulting Analysis Aptitude Assessment Range Kurz, R., Saville, P., MacIver, R., Mitchener, A., Parry, G., Oxley, H. & Archer, J.; Saville Consulting Group; Lishman, J., Independent

More information

Coaching Evaluation Survey - Revised

Coaching Evaluation Survey - Revised 104 CHAPTER THREE Tools for Examining Infrastructure Development Coaching Evaluation Survey - Revised Description & Purpose Theoretical Background The term coaching has been defined in a number of ways.

More information

Temperament and Character Inventory R (TCI R) and Big Five Questionnaire (BFQ): convergence and divergence 1

Temperament and Character Inventory R (TCI R) and Big Five Questionnaire (BFQ): convergence and divergence 1 Psychological Reports, 2012, 110, 3, 1002-1006. Psychological Reports 2012 Temperament and Character Inventory R (TCI R) and Big Five Questionnaire (BFQ): convergence and divergence 1 Cristina Capanna,

More information

Will the Real Factor of Extraversion-Introversion Please Stand Up? A Reply to Eysenck

Will the Real Factor of Extraversion-Introversion Please Stand Up? A Reply to Eysenck Psychological Bulletin 1977, Vol. 84, No. 3, 412-416 Will the Real Factor of Extraversion-Introversion Please Stand Up? A Reply to Eysenck J. P. Guilford University of Southern California Eysenck insisted

More information

Brief report: Intimacy, passion, and commitment in romantic relationships Validation of a triangular love scale for adolescents $

Brief report: Intimacy, passion, and commitment in romantic relationships Validation of a triangular love scale for adolescents $ Journal of Adolescence Journal of Adolescence 30 (2007) 523 528 www.elsevier.com/locate/jado Brief report: Intimacy, passion, and commitment in romantic relationships Validation of a triangular love scale

More information

A STUDY OF CONSUMER ATTITUDE TOWARDS ADVERTISING THROUGH MOBILE PHONES

A STUDY OF CONSUMER ATTITUDE TOWARDS ADVERTISING THROUGH MOBILE PHONES A STUDY OF CONSUMER ATTITUDE TOWARDS ADVERTISING THROUGH MOBILE PHONES Sunny Dawar*, Dr. Anil Kothari** Abstract Advanced technology plays a significant role in analysis of consumers psychology and their

More information

Employee Innovation: The Roles of Idea Generation and Idea Implementation. Kerrie L. Unsworth, Hilary Brown, & Lauren McGuire

Employee Innovation: The Roles of Idea Generation and Idea Implementation. Kerrie L. Unsworth, Hilary Brown, & Lauren McGuire RUNNING HEAD: Employee Innovation Employee Innovation: The Roles of Idea Generation and Idea Implementation Kerrie L. Unsworth, Hilary Brown, & Lauren McGuire Institute of Work Psychology University of

More information

Relationship Quality as Predictor of B2B Customer Loyalty. Shaimaa S. B. Ahmed Doma

Relationship Quality as Predictor of B2B Customer Loyalty. Shaimaa S. B. Ahmed Doma Relationship Quality as Predictor of B2B Customer Loyalty Shaimaa S. B. Ahmed Doma Faculty of Commerce, Business Administration Department, Alexandria University Email: Shaimaa_ahmed24@yahoo.com Abstract

More information

Common factor analysis

Common factor analysis Common factor analysis This is what people generally mean when they say "factor analysis" This family of techniques uses an estimate of common variance among the original variables to generate the factor

More information

Core Self-Evaluations

Core Self-Evaluations European G.S. Psychologist Brunborg: 2008 Hogrefe 2008; Core& Vol. Self-Evaluations Huber 13(2):96 102 Publishers Core Self-Evaluations A Predictor Variable for Job Stress Geir Scott Brunborg Faculty of

More information

Core Self-Evaluations and Job and Life Satisfaction: The Role of Self-Concordance and Goal. Attainment. Timothy A. Judge. Department of Management

Core Self-Evaluations and Job and Life Satisfaction: The Role of Self-Concordance and Goal. Attainment. Timothy A. Judge. Department of Management 1 Running Head: SELF-CONCORDANCE Core Self-Evaluations and Job and Life Satisfaction: The Role of Self-Concordance and Goal Attainment Timothy A. Judge Department of Management University of Florida Joyce

More information

Using Visual Questionnaires to Measure Personality Traits

Using Visual Questionnaires to Measure Personality Traits Using Visual Questionnaires to Measure Personality Traits VisualDNA June 23, 2014 Abstract Personality is a strong predictor of real-life outcomes and behaviours. Personality assessment has been employed

More information

Factors Determining Customer Relationship Management Practices: The Context of Jordanian Commercial Banks

Factors Determining Customer Relationship Management Practices: The Context of Jordanian Commercial Banks Factors Determining Customer Relationship Management Practices: The Context of Jordanian Commercial Banks ABSTRACT Today s organizations claim to be customer-oriented organizations. Effective Customer

More information

Exploratory Factor Analysis of Demographic Characteristics of Antenatal Clinic Attendees and their Association with HIV Risk

Exploratory Factor Analysis of Demographic Characteristics of Antenatal Clinic Attendees and their Association with HIV Risk Doi:10.5901/mjss.2014.v5n20p303 Abstract Exploratory Factor Analysis of Demographic Characteristics of Antenatal Clinic Attendees and their Association with HIV Risk Wilbert Sibanda Philip D. Pretorius

More information

5.2 Customers Types for Grocery Shopping Scenario

5.2 Customers Types for Grocery Shopping Scenario ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- CHAPTER 5: RESULTS AND ANALYSIS -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

More information

EXCHANGE. J. Luke Wood. Administration, Rehabilitation & Postsecondary Education, San Diego State University, San Diego, California, USA

EXCHANGE. J. Luke Wood. Administration, Rehabilitation & Postsecondary Education, San Diego State University, San Diego, California, USA Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 37: 333 338, 2013 Copyright# Taylor & Francis Group, LLC ISSN: 1066-8926 print=1521-0413 online DOI: 10.1080/10668926.2012.754733 EXCHANGE The Community

More information

The Influence of Stressful Life Events of College Students on Subjective Well-Being: The Mediation Effect of the Operational Effectiveness

The Influence of Stressful Life Events of College Students on Subjective Well-Being: The Mediation Effect of the Operational Effectiveness Open Journal of Social Sciences, 2016, 4, 70-76 Published Online June 2016 in SciRes. http://www.scirp.org/journal/jss http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jss.2016.46008 The Influence of Stressful Life Events of

More information

Scale Construction and Psychometrics for Social and Personality Psychology. R. Michael Furr

Scale Construction and Psychometrics for Social and Personality Psychology. R. Michael Furr Scale Construction and Psychometrics for Social and Personality Psychology R. Michael Furr 00-Furr-4149-Prelims.indd 3 11/10/2010 5:18:13 PM 2 Core Principles, Best Practices, and an Overview of Scale

More information

Aspiring Minds Personality Inventory

Aspiring Minds Personality Inventory Aspiring Minds Personality Inventory AMPI: Aspiring Minds Personality Inventory is based on the five-factor model of Personality. A widely accepted scientific model, five factor model has shown robust

More information

STUDENTS MOTIVATIONAL BELIEFS, SELF-REGULATION STRATEGIES AND MATHEMATICS ACHIEVEMENT

STUDENTS MOTIVATIONAL BELIEFS, SELF-REGULATION STRATEGIES AND MATHEMATICS ACHIEVEMENT STUDENTS MOTIVATIONAL BELIEFS, SELF-REGULATION STRATEGIES AND MATHEMATICS ACHIEVEMENT Nikos Mousoulides and George Philippou Department of Education, University of Cyprus In this study we examine the relationships

More information

Cubiks assessment reliability and validity series V06.14. Investigating the relationship between PAPI-N and the lexical Big Five personality factors

Cubiks assessment reliability and validity series V06.14. Investigating the relationship between PAPI-N and the lexical Big Five personality factors Cubiks assessment reliability and validity series V06.14 Investigating the relationship between PAPI-N and the lexical Big Five personality factors Date of study June - August 2006 Industry sector: Occupational

More information

The Effectiveness of Ethics Program among Malaysian Companies

The Effectiveness of Ethics Program among Malaysian Companies 2011 2 nd International Conference on Economics, Business and Management IPEDR vol.22 (2011) (2011) IACSIT Press, Singapore The Effectiveness of Ethics Program among Malaysian Companies Rabiatul Alawiyah

More information

The Staffing Climate in Nursing: Concept and Measurement

The Staffing Climate in Nursing: Concept and Measurement The Staffing Climate in Nursing: Concept and Measurement Holly A. De Groot, PhD, RN, FAAN Chief Executive Officer Laura O. McIntosh, MS, RN Senior Research Consultant Catalyst Systems, LLC Keeping Patients

More information

2. Linearity (in relationships among the variables--factors are linear constructions of the set of variables) F 2 X 4 U 4

2. Linearity (in relationships among the variables--factors are linear constructions of the set of variables) F 2 X 4 U 4 1 Neuendorf Factor Analysis Assumptions: 1. Metric (interval/ratio) data. Linearity (in relationships among the variables--factors are linear constructions of the set of variables) 3. Univariate and multivariate

More information

Archive of SID. Preliminary Normalization of Social Problem Solving Inventory.

Archive of SID. Preliminary Normalization of Social Problem Solving Inventory. The Effects of Socially and Culturally Sustainable Urban. 125 Preliminary Normalization of Social Problem Solving Inventory Mehrdad Sabet 1 Zahra Jamshidifar 2 Ali Mohammadi 3 Mohammad Javad Ghaedmohammadi

More information

The Relationship between Positive Thinking and Individual Characteristics: Development of the Soccer Positive Thinking Scale

The Relationship between Positive Thinking and Individual Characteristics: Development of the Soccer Positive Thinking Scale Paper : Psychology The relationship between positive thinking and individual characteristics The Relationship between Positive Thinking and Individual Characteristics: Development of the Soccer Positive

More information

The Factor Structure of the System Usability Scale

The Factor Structure of the System Usability Scale The Factor Structure of the System Usability Scale James R. Lewis 1 and Jeff Sauro 2 1 IBM Software Group, 8051 Congress Ave, Suite 2227 Boca Raton, FL 33487, jimlewis@us.ibm.com 2 Oracle, 1 Technology

More information

Developing a questionnaire

Developing a questionnaire Developing survey questions some tips use published surveys when possible use open-ended ended questions carefully difficult to score them consider using a Likert scale be careful of wording avoid abbreviations,

More information

Factors affecting teaching and learning of computer disciplines at. Rajamangala University of Technology

Factors affecting teaching and learning of computer disciplines at. Rajamangala University of Technology December 2010, Volume 7, No.12 (Serial No.73) US-China Education Review, ISSN 1548-6613, USA Factors affecting teaching and learning of computer disciplines at Rajamangala University of Technology Rungaroon

More information

Enhancing Customer Relationships in the Foodservice Industry

Enhancing Customer Relationships in the Foodservice Industry DOI: 10.7763/IPEDR. 2013. V67. 9 Enhancing Customer Relationships in the Foodservice Industry Firdaus Abdullah and Agnes Kanyan Faculty of Business Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA Abstract. Intensification

More information

8 th European Conference on Psychological Assessment

8 th European Conference on Psychological Assessment 8 th European Conference on Psychological Assessment 31. August 4. September 2005. Budapest, Hungary S D D Depression Scale for Children and Adolescents: evaluation of psychometric properties Anita Vulić-Prtorić,

More information

The Nature of Overclaiming: Personality and Cognitive Factors. Kevin M. Williams, Delroy L. Paulhus, & Craig Nathanson University of British Columbia

The Nature of Overclaiming: Personality and Cognitive Factors. Kevin M. Williams, Delroy L. Paulhus, & Craig Nathanson University of British Columbia The Nature of Overclaiming: Personality and Cognitive Factors Kevin M. Williams, Delroy L. Paulhus, & Craig Nathanson University of British Columbia Poster presented at the 110 th annual meeting of the

More information

How to get more value from your survey data

How to get more value from your survey data IBM SPSS Statistics How to get more value from your survey data Discover four advanced analysis techniques that make survey research more effective Contents: 1 Introduction 2 Descriptive survey research

More information

Research of Female Consumer Behavior in Cosmetics Market Case Study of Female Consumers in Hsinchu Area Taiwan

Research of Female Consumer Behavior in Cosmetics Market Case Study of Female Consumers in Hsinchu Area Taiwan usiness, 2010, 2, 348-353 doi:10.4236/ib.2010.24045 Published Online December 2010 (http://www.scirp.org/journal/ib) Research of Female Consumer Behavior in Cosmetics Market Case Study of Female Consumers

More information

The Effect of Flexible Learning Schedule on Online Learners Learning, Application, and Instructional Perception

The Effect of Flexible Learning Schedule on Online Learners Learning, Application, and Instructional Perception 1060 The Effect of Flexible Learning Schedule on Online Learners Learning, Application, and Instructional Perception Doo H. Lim University of Tennessee Learning style has been an important area of study

More information

Exploratory Factor Analysis

Exploratory Factor Analysis Exploratory Factor Analysis ( 探 索 的 因 子 分 析 ) Yasuyo Sawaki Waseda University JLTA2011 Workshop Momoyama Gakuin University October 28, 2011 1 Today s schedule Part 1: EFA basics Introduction to factor

More information

Dae-HyunJung 1, Lee-Sang Jung 2. {San 30, Jangjeon-dong, Geumjeonggu, Busan ; 179, Sinseonno, Namgu, Busan8} lsjung@tu.ac.kr

Dae-HyunJung 1, Lee-Sang Jung 2. {San 30, Jangjeon-dong, Geumjeonggu, Busan ; 179, Sinseonno, Namgu, Busan8} lsjung@tu.ac.kr , pp.16-20 http://dx.doi.org/10.14257/astl.2013.34.05 The organization and individual characteristics of having an effect on the internet abuse action: The moderating variable research of the perceived

More information

A Brief Introduction to SPSS Factor Analysis

A Brief Introduction to SPSS Factor Analysis A Brief Introduction to SPSS Factor Analysis SPSS has a procedure that conducts exploratory factor analysis. Before launching into a step by step example of how to use this procedure, it is recommended

More information

FACTORS AFFECTING EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE EVALUATION IN HAMEDAN HEALTH NETWORKS

FACTORS AFFECTING EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE EVALUATION IN HAMEDAN HEALTH NETWORKS FACTORS AFFECTING EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE EVALUATION IN HAMEDAN HEALTH NETWORKS Najafi L. 1, Nasiripour A.A. 1, *Tabibi S.J. 1, Ghaffari F. 2, Ahmadi A.M. 3 1 Department of Health Services Management, Science

More information