1 Extreme Networks: Public, Hybrid and Private Virtualized Multi-Tenant Cloud Data Center A SOLUTION WHITE PAPER
2 WHITE PAPER Public, Hybrid and Private Virtualized Multi-Tenant Cloud Data Center Abstract TABLE OF CONTENTS Abstract 2 Market Overview 2 The Extreme Networks Architecture 4 Extreme Network Features 6 Reference Architecture Diagrams 6 Summary 7 The Extreme Networks Virtualized Multi-Tenant and Cloud Data Center Architecture is designed to meet the needs of service providers and enterprises in this fastgrowing market. This architecture is built around highly virtualized environments where information isolation within a shared resource environment, infrastructure scale, virtualization lifecycle management, performance, automation and integration into existing management and provisioning platforms are required. From a networking perspective, the ability to provide high-performance 10 GbE and 40 GbE in an open, standards-based framework is essential. Extreme Networks architecture helps service providers move from a physical to a highly virtualized infrastructure and into the cloud via an open architecture without forcing an operating methodology or requiring a forklift upgrade. This white paper will address the key issues and outline an open and modular design to support the virtualized multi-tenant data centers and cloud networks of the future. Market Overview Enterprises of all sizes and across all market segments and geographies are rapidly looking to leverage outsourced data center business models, as well as isolate information within their own environments. These IT outsource models range from simple colocation, to dedicated public and hybrid cloud service models such as Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS) and Software as a Service (SaaS). This new business model of outsourcing various components and associated applications of the enterprise IT infrastructure is rapidly changing the face of IT around the globe. According to In-Stat, cloud spending is expected to grow from below $3B in 2010 to surpass $13B by Large, virtualized multitenant data center environments are driving entirely new solutions and networklevel requirements to support the evolving service offerings. The challenges facing these environments include: scale, density, management, provisioning and secure multi-tenancy. As with the enterprise, virtualization is playing a key role in the architecting and delivery of these services. Extreme Networks understands these requirements and offers an open and scalable approach that provides the infrastructure to enable rapidly growing public, hybrid and private cloud service models as they migrate from physical to virtual to cloud. Public Hybrid Private Cloud White Paper 2
3 VIRTUALIZATION CHANGES MULTI-TENANT AND ENABLES THE CLOUD Virtualization is clearly driving much of the innovation around public and private cloud-based services. The benefits to the service provider and enterprise include: reduced cost per virtualized application, better resource utilization, rapid service delivery and mobility of applications within and across data centers, all while reducing CapEx and OpEx. In the case of the service provider, this involves reducing cost per subscriber while maximizing revenue to create a sustainable business model. However, these benefits come at the price of increased infrastructure complexity which can be seen in many forms. First, virtualization increases layers of networking and dissolves the network edge by adding switching into the server in the form of the Virtual Switch (vswitch). Second, there is a proliferation of different hypervisors in the marketplace, each with its own unique virtual switch implementation and management tools. It is common to see hypervisors such as Red Hat KVM, Citrix, VMware and Microsoft used across the industry and in the same environments. Service providers and enterprises alike are finding it challenging to deal with the added management and provisioning complexity of this new service delivery architecture. For both service (SLAs) and security reasons, the network infrastructure needs to stay in sync with the virtualized server environment. However, many network-level virtualization capabilities and automation tools have not kept up with the rapid adoption of virtualized architectures and the new mobility of applications found in cloud-based architectures. SCALING THE NETWORK TO MEET THE NEEDS OF VIRTUALIZED MULTI-TENANT CLOUD-BASED ARCHITECTURES Cloud service providers base their business models on leveraging internal infrastructure across a large number of users. This model has created a significant increase in the requirements for scale in the network. Historically, there was a single application per server; today it is common to see tens and in some cases hundreds of virtual machines on a single server. Specifically, this has resulted in a significant increase in Layer 2 and Layer 3 table size requirements, both at the top-of-rack and at the aggregation/core of the network. Virtualization is thus driving the new Layer 2 scale requirement. In a cloud architecture, industry best practice is to build large, flat Layer 2 networks. These large Layer 2 networks are moving the switch table size requirement from thousands to tens of thousands and even hundreds of thousands in a single switch. Mobility across Layer 3 boundaries is driving the requirement for large Layer 3 table sizes. Service providers need the capability to freely move customers and applications across Layer 3 boundaries within a data center as well as across data centers. To enable this functionality at cloud-scale rates, network table sizes need to grow from thousands to hundreds of thousands to address the rapid scale associated with the cloud. These at scale deployment scenarios have led to a significant increase in utilization of server resources and the network. It is common for workloads to fully saturate multiple Gigabit Ethernet links at the server, creating increased cost and complexity at the networking level. This has driven many service providers to adopt an architecture that supports 10 GbE at the server and 40 GbE uplinks to accommodate the increased capacity requirements. Today, 10 GbE is available and is the fastest growing segment of the switching marketplace. It is common to see 10 GbE in blade servers, while 10 GbE LAN on Motherboard (LoM) is coming soon to the rack server marketplace. As this technology matures, it will likely be the standard infrastructure for cloud-based deployments. It has become clear that 40 GbE will be the technology of choice for data center uplinks for the foreseeable future. Using technologies such as link aggregation in the network, 40 GbE can achieve the required bandwidth at lower costs than 100 GbE. As these technologies mature, cloud service providers are challenged to install an infrastructure today that can meet the coming needs for scale, both in terms of Layer 2 and Layer 3 table size and network bandwidth. Navigating these waters requires proper planning to help ensure that equipment purchased today, can scale to meet evolving needs over the next 3-7 years. INFORMATION ISOLATION WITHIN A VIRTUALIZED MULTI- TENANT DATA CENTER The fundamental requirement of a cloud-based virtualized multitenant environment is the guaranteed isolation of information. The requirement must meet vertical industry based regulations as well as standardsbased accounting rules. There are many non-cloud and private cloud solutions that have proven architectures. The real challenge arises within a multi-tenant solution that is virtualized. An architecture which can secure information at the edge of the network as well as within any hypervisor for application mobility is required. This architecture is really just the beginning, much like basic challenges of cloud computing, without scale, performance, openness and interoperability the total cost of ownership typically outweighs its original intended benefits. Extreme Networks Open Fabric Architecture demonstrates interoperability for best-of-breed thirdparty security solutions which allows the most scalable and automated cloud-based solutions to solve physical and virtual information isolation needs. Public Hybrid Private Cloud White Paper 3
4 PROVIDING AN OPEN AND AUTOMATED ARCHITECTURE The network and surrounding infrastructure is the cost of goods in most virtualized multi-tenant cloud-based service models. To drive down costs and enable the differentiation of services, the architecture must remain open and easily integrated through industry-standard interfaces. However, the standards regarding nonproprietary, open architecture are evolving rapidly. Clearly, the IEEE plays a big role but new cloud-based organizations have worked to overcome vendor lock-in models. Examples of these organizations include OpenStack and the Open Data Center Alliance (ODCA). THE PHYSICAL NETWORK Extreme Networks has a robust product portfolio geared toward the virtualized multi-tenant data center and cloud-based market segment. These products include high-performance 1/10/40 GbE switching platforms for top-of-rack and end-of-row or midrow solutions. Included in the portfolio are products capable of providing high fan out (96 port 1 GbE and 24 port 10 GbE) as well as products that enable significant cable consolidation (as much as 83%) in the data center by utilizing the TE Connectivity MRJ21 cabling solution designed for high-density data center environments. The MRJ21 integrates six Gigabit Ethernet ports into a single Further, within these virtualized multi-tenant cloudbased environments, service models are evolving towards zero touch service provisioning and increased velocity of add/change/delete transactions. These trends require cloud service providers to tightly integrate the infrastructure with upstream management and provisioning of platforms, including automation of routine tasks associated with provisioning of services. Today, standards-based solutions not only support integration between server virtualization and the network, but can also be leveraged to support integration between management and provisioning platforms. These technologies enable an open, multivendor model. Methods also exist today that enable service providers to significantly increase the use of automation and allow integration of infrastructure elements with the servicelevel provisioning process. These tools include scripting, dynamic scripting (trigger-based) and XML interfaces to name a few. It is becoming more and more common to find multi-vendor integration via XML interfaces. Many vendors today publish APIs that enable this collaboration in an open manner. The Extreme Networks Architecture The Extreme Networks architecture enables multi-tenant and cloud-based architectures to move from physical to virtual to cloud without forcing a certain technology, or operating methodology on the user all without stranding existing network assets. The foundation of this strategy that is built into the reference architecture includes: A robust, high-performance network infrastructure that reduces complexity through the elimination of network tiers The ability to efficiently integrate with virtualization The scalability to meet at-scale cloud requirements A highly automated and customizable environment providing interoperability and integration with the infrastructure required to deliver cloud-based services Figure 1: TE Connectivity MRJ21 Cabling Solution. cable. With the ability to support up to 96 ports per blade and 768 ports per chassis with one sixth of the number of cables typically used in other architectures, this architecture provides more flexibility when connecting a blade server chassis to the network. The combination of performance and fan out enables a more simplified network design while collapsing the tiers of the network from a traditional five-tier architecture to a one- or twotier design. See Figure 1. THE VIRTUALIZATION-INTELLIGENT INFRASTRUCTURE EFFICIENTLY MANAGING THE INTEGRATION BETWEEN THE NETWORK AND SERVER As services such as Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Compute as a Service (CaaS), Software as a Service (SaaS) and Storage as a Service (StaaS) evolve, service providers need to automatically configure the network infrastructure to provide these services in a no-touch service provisioning model. To achieve this, the network component needs to be dynamically configured at the time of service initiation or change in an automated, realtime way. This requires a robust network architecture that is both virtualization-intelligent and open so it can be tightly integrated into the management and provisioning platform of the service provider. Traditionally, the network has not been Public Hybrid Private Cloud White Paper 4
5 closely integrated with either compute-based or storage-based service models. Users today can only provision at the compute or the storage level. By contrast, Extreme Networks XNV (ExtremeXOS Network Virtualization) technology, coupled with the Ridgeline management platform can provide full, virtual machine lifecycle management across hypervisors to enable these services. See Figure 2 Figure 3: Direct Attach Switching Architecture AUTOMATION AND CUSTOMIZATION Figure 2: XNV for Virtual Machine Lifecycle Management MOVING THE SWITCHING BACK INTO THE NETWORK Direct Attach is Extreme Networks implementation of virtual machine switching conducted in the network. Various vendors have taken the path of implementing virtual machine switching within the server through the hypervisor-based Virtual Switch (vswitch). Extreme Networks Direct Attach approach takes the path of moving virtual machine switching back into the network and out of the server domain. This allows administrators to leverage mature, well understood and fully capable network switches at wire speed for virtual machine switching, while still enjoying the benefits of server virtualization. In essence, Direct Attach allows virtual machines to be directly attached to the network without going through a software switch on the server. In doing this, Direct Attach enables reduction in switching tiers by eliminating the virtual switch tier which in turn can reduce cost, end-to-end latency and oversubscription in the network, as well as simplify management Finally, Direct Attach allows uniform network-based enforcement of security, compliance and regulatory policies in a hypervisor agnostic manner. See Figure 3 As data centers deploy at scale, with added complexity and computational density, it becomes increasingly important to automate redundant tasks and simplify add/change/delete processes within the data center. Furthermore, as integration of data center storage, networking and server resources increases, the network administrator needs the ability to easily integrate and customize deployments via common APIs. The ability to tightly couple all components of the infrastructure and orchestrate the management of the pieces via a common platform becomes essential to realizing the benefits of highly virtualized and cloud environments. The Extreme Networks switch portfolio is designed from the ground up to support automation and customization in the data center. The key elements to enabling automation and customization within the data center include: A single modular operating system, ExtremeXOS, that runs across the product portfolio Support for standard XML API and SDK for easy integration with third-party management and provisioning platforms Dynamic scripting capability that enables easy automation of routine tasks A powerful management platform for managing and configuring the entire network Support for loadable modules that enable various functionality and capabilities Public Hybrid Private Cloud White Paper 5
6 Extreme Network Features 40 GBE 40 GbE is poised to become a data center infrastructure requirement where it serves as an aggregation technology necessary to support data centers with high-performance 10 GbE servers and storage targets. Extreme Networks data center solutions provide superior scale both on the Summit stackable and BlackDiamond modular chassis-based products with support for both 40 GbE today and 100 GbE when needed in the future. LAYER 2 SCALABILITY Large data center operators are quickly running into scale issues in the data center. Rapid growth of virtualization has created an explosion in the amount of MAC address space needed to support private and public cloud environments. VIRTUAL PRIVATE LAN SERVICE (VPLS) Cloud data centers are looking to connect multiple racks and/or data center sites as one Layer 2 domain across Layer 3 boundaries. By using VPLS in the data center, cloud service providers are able to deploy virtualization and scale across Layer 3 boundaries. MULTI-SWITCH LINK AGGREGATION (M-LAG) The proliferation of virtual machines has driven the need for full link utilization of the network. Extreme Networks enables the full utilization of all paths through the network via its M-LAG capabilities. By replacing typical Spanning Tree architectures with M-LAG capabilities, networks can double their link utilization over the existing infrastructure. STACKING SummitStack stacking technology provides a highly scalable, highly resilient and easy-to-manage stacking solution for demanding data center applications. Stacking can be achieved horizontally or vertically and across long distances. This technology offers multi-platform stacking with up to eight individual switches treated as a single logical unit. This logical unit reduces the management overhead of fixed configuration switches. CLEAR-FLOW CLEAR-Flow is a broad framework for implementing security, monitoring and anomaly detection in ExtremeXOS software. Rather than simply looking at the source and destination of traffic, CLEAR-Flow allows you to specify certain types of traffic that require more attention, such as iscsi traffic. Once certain criteria for this traffic are met, the switch can either take an immediate, predetermined action; or it can send a copy of the traffic to another device for analysis. CONVERGED ENHANCED ETHERNET (CEE) CEE is rapidly emerging as the standard for providing lossless storage services in the data center. CEE applies to both FCoE and iscsi-based storage architectures. Reference Architecture Diagrams Figure 4: Top-of-Rack Reference Architecture Figure 5: End-of-Row Reference Architecture Public Hybrid Private Cloud White Paper 6
7 EXTREMEXOS ExtremeXOS is a highly available and modular operating system that supports the entire Extreme Networks product portfolio, from edge to core. Running the same network operating system across the entire data center enables ease of use, consistency of features and the ability to apply automation across the network simply. RIDGELINE Ridgeline is a scalable, full-featured network management tool that simplifies configuration, troubleshooting and status monitoring of IP-based networks. Ridgeline offers a comprehensive set of features that enable integration with other platforms via an XML interface and virtualization life cycle management on a network-wide basis. CORE/AGGREGATION LAYER The BlackDiamond X series is used in virtualized multi-tenant data center and cloud-based architectures to provide highperformance and high fan out 1/10/40 GbE core and aggregation solutions. Designed to meet both the scale and performance needs of the most demanding environments, the BlackDiamond X series with its 96-port Gigabit Ethernet module and reduced cabling architecture (via MRJ21) can support up to 768 Gigabit Ethernet connections per chassis. The BlackDiamond X-series modules also support high-density 10 GbE and 40 GbE line cards for scale-up investment protection. Additional cloud and virtualized multi-tenant data center features include: Low power consumption Large Layer 2 and Layer 3 table sizes IPv4 and IPv6 support Converged Enhanced Ethernet CLEAR-Flow for lossless Ethernet storage capabilities across iscsi SAN environments Single operating system (ExtremeXOS) Open automation and integration capabilities Ridgeline network management platform XML integration with virtualization management platforms XNV Virtualization lifecycle management demanding data center environments. Both high density 1 GbE and 10 GbE products provide high-performance line rate capability. The Summit product family comes with the Virtual Interface Module (VIM) that provides an easy upgrade to 40 GbE in the fixed, top-of-rack configurations. The Summit family features 24 port 10GBASE-T implementation with support for up to 100 meters. Features also include Layer 2 and Layer 3 functionality with scale of up to 512K MAC table size and 4,096 VLANs, providing superior scalability for a top-of-rack switch. Cloud and virtualized multi-tenant data center features include: Low power consumption Cross platform stacking Large Layer 2 and Layer 3 table sizes IPv4 and IPv6 support Converged Enhanced Ethernet CLEAR-Flow for lossless Ethernet storage capabilities across iscsi SAN environments Single operating system (ExtremeXOS) Open automation and integration capabilities Ridgeline network management platform XML integration with virtualization management platforms XNV Virtualization lifecycle management 802.1Qbg (VEPA) enabled switching architecture Summary Extreme Networks Virtualized Multi-Tenant and Cloud Data Center Architecture leverages applied performance through a flexible network architecture built on a family of fixed and modular switching platforms that enables a flattening of network tiers while providing the network scale to meet the needs of the future. Network-level virtualization awareness and lifecycle management features help enable the network to be highly automated and cloud-ready so it can be more easily integrated into the world around it. For more information on Extreme Networks solutions, please visit: Qbg (VEPA) enabled switching architecture ACCESS LAYER The award-winning Summit product family of fixed configuration top-of-rack switches are purpose built to meet the needs of Phone Extreme Networks, Inc. All rights reserved. Extreme Networks and the Extreme Networks logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Extreme Networks, Inc. in the United States and/or other countries. All other names are the property of their respective owners. For additional information on Extreme Networks Trademarks please see Specifications and product availability are subject to change without notice Public Hybrid Private Cloud White Paper 7
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