City of Toronto Solid Waste Management Services Waste Management Programs. Solid Waste Management Services. Delegation from the Republic of Latvia

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1 City of Toronto Solid Waste Management Services Waste Management Programs Delegation from the Republic of Latvia March 3, 2014 Vincent Sferrazza, Director, Policy, Planning & Support Solid Waste Management Services

2 Solid Waste Management Services Mission Statement: Mission To be a leader in providing innovative waste management services to residents, businesses and visitors within the City of Toronto in an efficient, effective and courteous manner, creating environmental sustainability, promoting diversion and maintaining a clean city. 2

3 Our Business Solid Waste Management Services is responsible for: Managing approximately 1 million tonnes of waste annually Collecting, transfer, processing and disposal of municipal waste Managing waste diversion programs Managing household hazardous waste programs Providing transfer station loading services to private sector customers and the Regional Municipality of Peel Disposal services to York Region, City of Guelph, City of St. Thomas and other Municipalities in vicinity of Green Lane Collecting litter from public right-of-ways; and Perpetual Care of 160 closed landfill sites with Technical Services 3

4 Solid Waste Management Services - Client Base Approximately 460,000 single unit homes 422,000 multi-unit homes 14,000 small commercial/institutional 6,000 litter/recycle bins / 1,000 Special Events Per Year City Agencies, Boards, Commissions and Corporations Private commercial and industrial waste accepted at Transfer Stations and Landfill 4

5 Solid Waste Management Services Assets - Facilities and Equipment Total Value of Managed Assets - $600 Million 7 Transfer Stations 6 with Household Hazardous Waste Depots Green Lane Landfill 1 Material Recovery Facility & 1 New Facility on 2013) 1 Single Stream Organics (Green Bin) Processing Facility 1 Durable Goods Reuse/Recycle Centre 4 Collection Yards and 1 Litter Collection Yard 160 Former Landfills Over 600 Vehicles/Heavy Equipment 5

6 Services and Programs Program Blue Bin Recycling Green Bin Waste Leaf and Yard Waste White Goods Large Appliances Durable Goods (e.g., mattress, porcelain and plastics Electronics Collection Bi-weekly Weekly Bi-weekly Bi-weekly, (March - December) Bi-weekly Bi-weekly Bi-weekly Household Hazardous Waste Depot and dtoxic Taxi i( (call-in) lli Community Environment Days 44 Drop-off Events 1 Per Ward (Spring-Fall) 6

7 Former Blue Box Program Blue Boxes were full and not suitable for light, wind blown materials Multiple Boxes 7

8 Present Day Typical Curbside Set Out Blue Bin & Green Bin Bag Tag, Garbage Bin & Green Bin 8

9 Blue Bin Size Options 9

10 Automated Collection Fully automated Semi-automated 10

11 Green Bin Containers Residents given a 45L cart and a 7L kitchen container 11

12 Blue Bin Recycling Guides 12

13 Current Blue Bin Program Materials List Rinse Clean & Recycle 13

14 14

15 Multi-Residential Bulk Collection 15

16 Multi-Residential Wheeled Containers 16

17 Public Space Collection 17

18 Yellow Bag Commercial Program Three-Stream System Recyclables Organics Residual Waste $3.19 per residual waste bag/free diversion i 2 x per week service can purchase 5 or 6 day collection 65% waste diversion 18

19 Physical Mechanical: Manual Sorting Dufferin Material Recovery Facility, City of Toronto 19

20 Physical Mechanical: Liquid Phase BTA Hydropulper 20

21 Yard and Garden Waste 21

22 Household Hazardous Waste (Depots, Toxics Taxi, Environment Days) Materials included: Toxic cleaning supplies and solvents Motor oil Paint, oil or latex All types of batteries Medication Mercury thermometers Pesticides Fluorescent tubes and bulbs 22

23 What happens to the HHW once it is collected? Material is sent for recycling or secure landfill For example: Batteries: metals are recovered for reuse Fluorescent tubes: are crushed in contained environment and sent to a recycler that will recapture the mercury Propane Tanks: Our Household Hazardous Waste contractor uses left over gas in small propane tanks to heat its facilities Pharmaceuticals: are sent to a secure landfill Paint: recycled into mixed colour blend for industrial uses 23

24 Current Situation Projected Green Lane Landfill lifespan 2029 at current diversion 2036 with Target 70 Waste/Diversion t i Statisticsti ti Manage over 1 million tonnes of waste annually Recycle/Compost 52% of all waste generated 66% diversion single residential homes 24% diversion multi-residential homes 24

25 Getting from 49% to 70% diversion goal... Source Separation Initiative 1. Source Reduction Initiatives 2. Green Bin Organics in Apartments/Condos/ABCD s 3. Enforcement Mandatory Diversion By-law 4. Behavioural Change/Volume-based Rate 5. New Materials for Recycling 6. Improved Recycling Capacity 7. Reuse/Disassembly of Durable Goods for Recycling 8. Townhouse Collection Mixed Waste Processing 9. Biological/Physical Processing of Mixed Waste prior to Landfilling 25

26 Getting to 70% Source Reduction Initiatives Advertising/Promotion to change behaviour In-store Packaging By-law June 2010 e.g., 5 charge per shopping bag 53% reduction in bag usage By-law rescinded in 2012 Prohibit distribution of bottled water at City facilities 26

27 27

28 Getting to 70% Green Bin Organics in Apartments/Condos Multi-family full Scale Rollout ,000 Buildings 184,000 units on program to date Achieved quality Average 50 kg/unit/yr 28

29 Multi-Residential Organics Collection Free In-Unit Kitchen Containers Outdoor containers (carts, bulk bins) provided by property owner 29

30 Agencies, Boards, Commissions and Corporations Currently 784 schools both public and private receive collection services. By the end of 2013 all schools had been invited to participate in the Green Bin Program To date 194 schools are on the program Over 1,040 City Agencies, Boards, Commissions and Corporations have been invited onto the Green Bin Program To date 40 Agencies, Boards, Commissions and Corporations have joined the program 30

31 Getting to 70% Enforce Mandatory Diversion By-law Must fully participate in Recycling, Green Bin and dyard dwaste Diversioni $105 fine for non-participating single family homes Suspend City Waste service to multi-unit it buildings 31

32 Getting to 70% Behavioural Change Financial mechanisms to drive diversion behaviour Volume-based User Pay System Reduce Waste Collection Frequency Green Bin Weekly Waste every two weeks 32

33 Volume-based Rate System Fair and Equitable Provide Diversion Incentive Immediate feedback Provide Rate Stability and Predictability Simplicity and Ease of Use Require Minimal i Enforcement 33

34 Solid Waste Management 2014 Fees Curbside Bins 34

35 Solid Waste Management 2014 Fees Single Family Bin Size Small Medium Large Extra Large *household/year Rate Net $ $6.72 $ $56.09 $ $ $ $ Rebate $(224.00) 35

36 Volume-based Rate System Unlimited diversion services included in rate. No additional fees for collection of recyclables, organics, electronics, scrap metal, household h hazardous waste, yard waste and bulky items. Overflow tags can be purchased for $3.19 each at retail locations. 36

37 Solid Waste Management 2014 Fees Multi-Residential Collection: Base Rate Rebate Net $197.04/unit/year $(185.00)/unit/year $12.04/unit/year Excess Fee Uncompacted (over 1.917y 3 /unit/year) $13.67/y 3 Compacted (over y 3 /unit/year) $27.35/y 3 37

38 Getting to 70% New Materials for Recycling Added mixed rigid plastics September 2012 Includes clamshells, clear fruit &vegetable containers, moulded bakery trays, etc. Working to add other plastic films (frozen vegetables, milk) coffee cups small scrap metal items 38

39 Getting to 70% Multi-Family In-unit Recycling Containers In-house Container Soft Shell Blue Bag 39

40 Getting to 70% Reuse/Disassembly of Durable Goods for Recycling collected separately for reuse and recycling mattresses, carpets, couches, chairs disassembled and recycled porcelain, wood recycled scrap metal 1 reuse centre currently in operation toys, sporting goods, building materials coordinate with charities 40

41 Electronics Recycling Curbside Serviced customers: E-bag for small items distributed 1 st 2 years of program (cell phones/mouse) Now residents place small items in clear bags Bags and larger items placed to curb on garbage day Apartment customers: E-box City provides free E-box for use in central area of building for residents to use E-box for small items E-box and larger items to be brought to building s regular collection point for bulky items 41

42 Getting to 70% Curbside Townhouse Collection Previously 30,000 townhomes serviced with pile collection Very low diversion Now Extend curbside services for Blue Bin/Green Bin/Leaf and Yard Purchased smaller trucks to navigate narrow streets and tight turning radius 42

43 Getting to 70% Mixed Waste Processing Prior to Landfill Mechanical Treatment Biological Treatment Separation of Recyclable Material Production of Class B Compost Input Outputs 240,000 tonnes/yr residual waste 60,000 tonnes/yr biosolids Diversions 10,000 tonnes recyclables 115,000 tonnes Class B Compost 19,000 tonnes biogas/moisture loss Residual Waste 96,000 tonnes process residues to landfill 43

44 Summary Program Objectives: Long Term Waste Management Strategy 200,000 new tonnes of diversion Extending life of Green Lane Landfill to 2036 Value added job creation in City of Toronto Improvements in Employee Health & Safety Environmental benefits Reduce greenhouse gas emissions by an additional 25%, equal to taking over 100, cars off the road Recycle enough materials to save 900 million kilowatt hours of energy annually enough to supply all the electrical needs for 170, homes 44

45 Why 70% Diversion was Not Achieved? Issues with Program Implementation: Multi-Residential Green Bin not fully rolled out due to lack of processing capacity (public and private) Durable goods Not in good enough condition for reuse by charities Disassembly of padded furniture for recycling cost prohibitive Difficulties in securing markets for materials such as wood Stable markets for some plastics (milk pouches, bread bags, etc.) did not materialize Mixed waste processing (Mechanical Biological Treatment) not a viable option yet: Wait for Province to update Ontario compost standards to permit use of Class B compost No real markets for Class B compost established 45

46 Why 70% Diversion was Not Achieved? Actual outcomes fell short of optimistic targets: Successful implementation of programs such as Recycling Carts, volume-based rate structure and curbside townhouse collection did not achieve anticipated diversion results Changes in packaging: Light-weighting of packaging plastics replacing glass Decline in newspaper due to paperless trend-internet More units of packaging to divert a tonne of recyclables If packaging weights and volume of paper stayed the same diversion ratio would be higher 46

47 Moving Forward for Long Term Sustainable Waste Management Strategy Long Term Waste Management Strategy: Develop long-term (30-50 year) Sustainability Plan Consider: New and emerging source separation technologies Mechanical Biological Treatment, as well as all other waste treatment technologies Recovery technologies such as Energy from Waste Alternative disposal options, such as other landfills Partnerships with other municipalities Recommend waste management strategies that are environmentally sustainable and economically viable Continue with source separation improvements Focus on all waste generators not just residential 47

48 Moving Forward for Long Term Sustainable Waste Management Strategy Next Steps toward a Sustainable Long Term Strategy: Accelerate projects and programs that have already been contemplated and ensure the staff resources are in place accordingly Establish a Steering Committee of Key Stakeholders Issue Request for Proposal to hire a consultant to assist the City with a Long Term Sustainable Waste Management Strategy Regular updates to Public Works and Infrastructure Committee: First update to Public Works and Infrastructure Committee will be on selection of consultant, cost, and timeline for study Initiate Public Consultation and Stakeholder Engagement Bring forward final report to City Council on the findings once study has been completed 48

49 Moving Forward for Long Term Sustainable Waste Management Strategy Guiding Principles: Waste reduction, reuse, recycling and recovery before disposal Open and transparent review of options Innovation and flexibility to adopt to emerging technologies, policies and opportunities for collaboration Meaningful and extensive public consultation and stakeholder involvement 49

50 Promotion and Public Education 2014 Operating Budget: $3.6 M Media Campaign Calendars Multi-lingual Website: 3Rs Ambassador Volunteer Program 50

51 Examples of Promotion and Education Tools - Targeting Residents in Apartments and Condominiums i Available Literature: Toronto Recycling Guide (available in 23 languages) Recycling calendar for apartments and condominiums Recycling Bin stickers Waste Diversion Handbook for Owners, Property Managers & Superintendents Green Bin information cards (available in 10 languages) Green Bin stickers 51

52 Promotion and Public Education Waste Wizard 52

53 3Rs Ambassador Volunteer Program Program Description and Focus Residents volunteer in their own building to teach their neighbours about the 3Rs: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle Highlights Ambassador trained by City to be waste expert Provide appropriate resources and support at no cost Interactive lobby displays, goods exchange events or presentations Program Status 205 Ambassadors since program began in November buildings (approximately 24,218 units) 53

54 Producer Responsibility Blue Bin Recycling: Currently 50/50 Producer/Municipal shared funding Producer: Manufacturer/imported that create packaging or printed paper Province considering full 100% industry funding Producer responsibility beyond blue box recyclables: Electronics (100%) Household Hazardous Waste (70%) Tires (100%) 54

55 55

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