2 2 Annual Report 2010 Key Figures CDF 000 USD 000 Change USD Balance Sheet Data Total Assets Gross Loan Portfolio Business Loan Portfolio EUR < 10,000 EUR > 10,000 < 30,000 EUR > 30,000 < 150,000 EUR > 150,000 Agricultural Loan Portfolio Other Allowance for Impairment on Loans Net Loan Portfolio Liabilities to Customers Liabilities to Banks and Financial Institutions Total Equity 134,796,331 36,106,171 34,628,663 13,175,677 6,523,941 6,785,161 8,143, ,085 1,058,421 1,224,640 34,881, ,426,072 27,685 14,767, ,981,097 30,672,520 29,654,349 13,428,343 6,515,049 6,557,135 3,153, , , ,401 29,854,120 96,108, ,699 8,931, ,567 39,259 37,653 14,326 7,094 7,378 8, ,151 1,332 37, , , ,506 33,946 32,819 14,862 7,210 7,257 3, , , , % 15.7% 14.7% 3.6% 1.6% 1.7% 153.7% 19.2% 54.7% 47.0% 14.8% 19.0% 91.8% 62.4% Income Statement Operating Income Operating Expenses Operating Profit Before Tax Net Profit 11,741,930 11,881, , ,698 7,456,735 8,257, ,812 1,477,409 12,767 12, ,253 9, , % 41.4% 82.9% 71.1% Key Ratios Cost/Income Ratio ROE Capital Ratio 78.0% 3.7% 18.3% 94.5% 20.6% 18.2% Operational Statistics Number of Loans Outstanding Number of Loans Disbursed within the Year Number of Business and Agricultural Loans Outstanding 7,734 7,695 7,513 10,273 12,513 10, % 38.5% 25.9% Number of Deposit Accounts Number of Staff Number of Branches and Outlets 162, , % 2.9% 45.5% Exchange rate as of December 31: 2010: USD 1 = CDF : USD 1 = CDF This annual report is based on figures compiled in accordance with local GAAP as required by local regulations. For information purposes, the financial statements prepared in accordance with IFRS, which have been approved for use in internal group reporting, are provided at the end of this report, starting on page 62.
3 Contents 3 Mission Statement 4 Letter from the Board of Directors 5 The Bank and its Shareholders 6 Special Feature 10 Management Business Review 12 Risk Management 22 Branch Network 28 Organisation, Staff and Staff Development 30 Business Ethics and Environmental Standards 33 The ProCredit Group: Responsible Neighbourhood Banks for Small Businesses and Ordinary People 34 ProCredit in Africa 38 Our Clients 42 Financial Statements 46 Contact Addresses 64
4 4 Annual Report 2010 Mission Statement ProCredit Bank Congo is a development-oriented full-service bank. We offer excellent customer service and a wide range of banking products. In our credit operations, we focus on lending to very small, small and medium-sized enterprises, as we are convinced that these businesses create the largest number of jobs and make a vital contribution to the economies in which they operate. Unlike other banks, our bank does not promote consumer loans. Instead we focus on responsible banking, by building a savings culture and long-term partnerships with our customers. Our shareholders expect a sustainable return on investment, but are not primarily interested in short-term profit maximisation. We invest extensively in the training of our staff in order to create an enjoyable and efficient working atmosphere, and to provide the friendliest and most competent service possible for our customers.
5 Letter from the Board of Directors 5 Letter from the Board of Directors During the year of its 50 th anniversary of independence, the DRC also celebrated the writing off of the vast majority of its external debt. The country further benefited from large investments in its infrastructure, notably from China. Nevertheless, international investors were largely deterred by the unstable regulatory environment and corrupt business climate, leaving much of the country s enormous energy and mining potential untapped. As for the future, the continued postponement of local elections and the preparations for the next presidential vote will most certainly increase domestic political tensions. Although the financial sector in the DRC has been growing steadily, formal banking services remain out of reach for most of the population. The demand for accessible, transparent and responsible financial services is therefore very high, as demonstrated by ProCredit Bank Congo s steady growth. In 2010, the bank continued to pursue its mission as a financial institution dedicated to serving very small, small and medium businesses, as well as private individuals and low-income households. At the same time, we drew important lessons from the financial and economic crisis of the last two years, and realigned our priorities accordingly. First, we renewed our efforts to establish long-term relationships with those very small and small businesses that are exerting a real development impact on the economy, and we reinforced our commitment to responsible banking. In a market that lacks an official credit bureau and where the growing number of untransparent financing offers enables borrowers to take out multiple loans, overindebtedness is a growing risk. ProCredit Bank Congo therefore adopted an even more rigorous approach to lending, which included the discontinuation of extremely small credits. Second, the bank invested significantly in enhancing operational processes and adopted an approach that prioritises customers rather than products and thereby improves the quality of our services. Third, we expanded our branch network: in addition to our 10 fully-fledged branches, ProCredit Bank Congo currently has six small, strategically located service points. We are particularly proud of having opened our first branch dedicated to agricultural lending, in Mbanza Ngungu (Bas-Congo). The relevance of ProCredit Bank Congo s strategy is clearly demonstrated by the significant growth that we achieved in 2010 in both lending and deposits. Our deposit base swelled to USD 125 million, held by more than 160,000 clients; these figures represent increases of 18% and 48%, respectively. On the credit side, the outstanding loan portfolio climbed by more than USD 5 million, bringing the total to USD 39 million. Due to the economic difficulties experienced by our small business clients, we will be compelled to continue to focus on managing portfolio quality. These changes and positive developments would not have been possible without the strong commitment of our 468 employees. Staff quality and development continue to be our strategic priorities. In addition to continued and significant investments in training at the local, regional and group levels, a new centralised and transparent staff recruitment policy has been successfully put in place, including a stipend programme for young graduates willing to learn and live the values and best practices of a responsible, professional and development-oriented financial institution. On behalf of the Board of Directors, I would like to take this opportunity to thank the management team and the entire staff for their strong commitment and dedication this year. I would also like to thank our technical assistance partners and shareholders for their continued support to the institution. ProCredit Bank Congo has all of the ingredients for successful and sustainable development: robust foundations and a clear vision of its role as a responsible and professional financial institution that will work for the benefit of our valued business clients and private customers in the years to come. Members of the Board of Directors as of December 31, 2010: Sandrine Massiani (Chairperson) Nina Tellegen Helen Alexander Monika Beck Hannah Siedek Alain Soulard Franck Wolff Philip Sigwart Members of the Management Board as of December 31, 2010: Hannah Siedek Carlos Kalambay Kabangu Celestin Mukeba Muntuabu Sandrine Massiani Chairperson of the Board of Directors
6 6 Annual Report 2010 The Bank and its Shareholders ProCredit Bank Congo is a member of the ProCredit group, which is led by its Frankfurt-based parent company, ProCredit Holding. ProCredit Holding is the majority owner of ProCredit Bank Congo and holds 65% of the shares. ProCredit Bank Congo was founded in August 2004 by an alliance of international developmentoriented investors, many of which are shareholders in ProCredit Holding today. Their goal was to establish a new kind of financial institution that would meet the demand of small and very small businesses in a socially responsible way. The primary aim was not short-term profit maximisation but rather to deepen the financial sector and contribute to long-term economic development while also achieving a sustainable return on investment. Over the years, ProCredit Holding has consolidated the ownership and management structure of all the ProCredit banks to create a truly global group with a clear shareholder structure and to bring to each ProCredit institution all the best practice standards, synergies and benefits that this implies. Today s shareholder structure of ProCredit Bank Congo is outlined below. Its current share capital is USD 16 million. Shareholder (as of Dec. 31, 2010) ProCredit Holding DOEN KfW IFC BIO Others Sector Headquarters Share Paid-in Capital (in USD) 10,479,910 1,920,000 1,440,000 1,200, , Investment Investment Banking Investment Investment Germany Netherlands Germany USA Belgium 65% 12% 9% 8% 6% <1% Total Capital 100% 16,000,000 ProCredit Holding is the parent company of a global group of 21 ProCredit banks. ProCredit Holding was founded as Internationale Micro Investitionen AG (IMI) in 1998 by the pioneering development finance consultancy company IPC. ProCredit Holding is committed to expanding access to financial services in developing countries and transition economies by building a group of banks that are the leading providers of fair, transparent financial services for very small, small and medium-sized businesses as well as the general population in their countries of operation. In addition to meeting the equity needs of its subsidiaries, ProCredit Holding guides the development of the ProCredit banks, provides their senior management, and supports the banks in all key areas of activity, including banking operations, human resources and risk management. It ensures that ProCredit corporate values, international best practice procedures and Basel II risk management principles are implemented groupwide in line with standards also set by the German supervisory authorities. IPC is the leading shareholder and strategic investor in ProCredit Holding. IPC has been the driving entrepreneurial force behind the ProCredit group since the foundation of the banks. ProCredit Holding is a public-private partnership. In addition to IPC and IPC Invest (the investment vehicle of the staff of IPC and ProCredit), the other private shareholders of ProCredit Holding include the Dutch DOEN Foundation, the US pension fund TIAA-CREF, the US Omidyar-Tufts Microfinance Fund and the Swiss investment fund responsability. The public shareholders of ProCredit Holding include KfW (the German promotional bank), IFC (the private sector arm of the World Bank), FMO (the Dutch development bank), BIO (the Belgian Investment Company for Developing Countries) and Proparco (the French Investment and Promotions company for Economic Cooperation).
7 The Bank and its Shareholders 7 ProCredit Holding has an investment grade rating (BBB-) from Fitch Ratings Agency. As of the end of 2010, the equity base of the ProCredit group is EUR 428 million. The total assets of the ProCredit group are EUR 5.2 billion.
8 8 Annual Report 2010 Stichting DOEN, or the DOEN Foundation, was set up in 1991 by the Dutch Postcode Lottery. The DOEN Foundation s ambition is to help build a sustainable world in which everyone can make a contribution. DOEN is looking for sustainable, cultural and socially-minded pioneers who will make a positive contribution to the following developments: cultivating positive effects on Climate Change, cultivating Culture and Cohesion and promoting New Economy. The DOEN Foundation funds initiatives from annual contributions received under long term contracts from its founder, the Dutch Postcode Lottery, and the two other Dutch charity lotteries, the BankGiro lottery and the Friends Lottery. The DOEN Foundation has been financing entrepreneurial and sustainable initiatives that improve access to a responsible financial sector since The DOEN foundation considers access to finance an important tool for sustainable development and for building civil society. KfW Entwicklungsbank (KfW Development Bank): On be - half of the German Federal Government, KfW Ent wicklungs bank finances investments and accompanying advisory services in developing and transition countries. Its aim is to build up and expand the social and economic infrastructure of the respective countries, and to advance sound financial systems while protecting resources and ensuring a healthy environment. KfW Entwicklungsbank is a leader in supporting responsible and sustainable microfinance and is involved in target group-oriented financial institutions around the world. It is part of KfW, which has a balance sheet total of EUR 442 billion (as of December 31, 2010). KfW is one of the five biggest banks in Germany and is AAA-rated by Moody s, Standard & Poor s and Fitch Ratings. IFC, a member of the World Bank Group, is the largest global development institution focused on the private sector in developing countries. We create opportunity for people to escape poverty and improve their lives. We do so by providing financing to help businesses employ more people and supply essential services, by mobilizing capital from others, and by delivering advisory services to ensure sustainable development. In a time of global economic uncertainty, our new investments climbed to a record $18 billion in fiscal For more information, visit The Belgian Investment Company for Developing Countries (BIO) is a Development Finance Institution (DFI) established in 2001 in the framework of the Belgian Development Cooperation to support private sector growth in developing and emerging countries. BIO finances the financial sector, enterprises and private infrastructure projects. Endowed with capital of EUR 465 million, BIO provides tailored long-term financial products (equity, quasi- equity, debt and guarantees) and finances technical assistance programmes and feasibility studies. BIO also encourages its business partners to implement environmental, social and governance standards. BIO operates as an additional partner to the traditional financial institutions and looks for projects with a balance between return on investment and development impact. BIO is a member of EDFI (European Development Finance Institutions). Website:
9 The Bank and its Shareholders 9
10 10 Annual Report 2010 Special Feature ProCredit Bank Congo Celebrates Its 5 th Anniversary ProCredit Bank Congo marked its fifth anniversary with a large celebration in Kinshasa attended by all ProCredit staff in DR Congo and hundreds of loyal customers. When the bank opened its first branch in Gombe in 2005, the banking sector was very exclusive, primarily serving large companies or wealthy private individuals. High account maintenance fees, minimum deposits and required references prevented the majority of the Congolese population from using formal financial services. To open an account at ProCredit Bank Congo, however, one merely needed an ID card. The process was simple, transparent and open to everybody. Even without conducting formal marketing activities, the bank soon had hundreds of customers: its excellent financial services and friendly staff appealed to the formerly excluded population. Following our example, other institutions were quick to realise that there was a market for this underserved segment, and this has led to an overall deepening of the banking sector. Despite the increased competition, ProCredit Bank s customers have remained loyal and continue to value our high quality products and services. In addition, they appreciate the fact that everyone receives the same courteous customer service at ProCredit Bank. Indeed, our staff continue to be the key to our success: as we have done from the very beginning, we focus on recruiting young, motivated university graduates. Our hardworking employees ideas and input keep us ahead of the competition. At the end of 2010, ProCredit Bank Congo
11 Special Feature 11 had 470 staff members, 25 of whom have been with us since the first day. We did not travel the road to success on our own, however: as part of the ProCredit group, we have learned from the other banks experiences and successes. Therefore, we have not had to reinvent the wheel. In addition, staff exchanges and frequent contact with other banks in the group have proven invaluable. This synergy has enabled us to grow steadily and sustainably. Last but certainly not least, we could not survive without our clients. By the end of 2010, 70,380 new accounts had been opened and the bank boasted a deposit volume of USD 122,481,738. In a financial sector where many individuals have had bad experiences with banks, we are grateful for the confidence and trust our clients have in ProCredit Bank Congo. The coming years will bring some important changes: we are poised to expand from Kinshasa into the regions. We also hope to enhance our customer service, launch new products, and improve distribution channels. In addition, we are well on the way to positioning ourselves as the house bank for very small and small businesses.
12 12 Annual Report 2010 Management Business Review Management from left to right: Celestin Mukeba Muntuabu Deputy General Manager Hannah Siedek General Manager Carlos Kalambay Kabangu Deputy General Manager
13 Management Business Review 13 Political and Economic Environment Despite substantial debt relief, slight improvements in the security situation, and some progress in infrastructure in 2010, the Congolese economy is still weak and volatile. The persisting violence in the eastern part of the country, massive corruption and human rights violations continue to deter investors. On the political front, the numerous government speeches calling for constitutional changes created a climate of uncertainty just as the DRC was starting to enjoy an era of relatively consensual politics after decades of autocracy. The massive pan-african war for control of the mineral-rich district of Ituri and the province of Kivu has virtually destroyed an entire generation in the east. This armed conflict, the most deadly since World War II, has thus far cost the lives of more than five million people. Meanwhile, President Kabila s notorious five chantiers (large-scale infrastructure projects), which are supposed to modernise the country, have been slow to materialise. Violence continues to plague the north and east; rebel groups briefly took over the capital of Equateur province in April 2010 and were expelled only with the help of UN soldiers. In addition, observers have interpreted the assassinations in June and October of human rights activists Floribert Chebeya and Armand Tungulu, allegedly by Kinshasa police forces, as a sign that civil society and freedom of speech are coming under increasing pressure. Traditional endof-year political debates centred on a probable revision of the constitution engineered to favour the re-election of President Kabila. Despite this unstable situation, the country showed some signs of recovery in In time to celebrate the country s 50 th year of independence, the Paris Club agreed to write off USD 7.35 billion of the DRC s external public debt, greatly reducing the enormous service payments. The IMF also promised a USD 550 million loan if poverty alleviation programmes were maintained. Chinese companies continue to invest significantly in the DRC s infrastructure, with emphasis on resurfacing important roads in Kinshasa, Goma and Lubumbashi. In fact, China is now a major economic partner, receiving around 50% of the country s exports 1. Economic results in the DRC were mixed in 2010: growing current account and fiscal deficits resulted in moderate GDP growth of 6.1% (2009: 2.8%), while inflation stood at 9.8%, much higher than in neighbouring countries (although much lower than the 53.4% recorded in 2009). The exchange rate with the US dollar remained stable, at around CDF 900, thanks to increased agricultural production, a high level of foreign direct investment and debt relief. Fortunately, the DRC was relatively immune to the financial crisis due to its economic isolation. Much remains to be done before Congolese can hope for a better future. The World Bank s Doing Business Report ranked the DRC 179 th out of 183 countries, while Transparency International ranked it 164 th out of 178 in its Corruption Perceptions Index 2010 (compared to 162 nd place in 2009). However, the country s vast potential is obvious: if managed effectively, the Inga dam has enough capacity to provide power to the whole continent, and mineral resources are estimated to be worth USD 24 billion. In addition, the growing local business community as well as the highly educated diaspora are eager for change and ready to invest in their own country. Financial Sector Developments 2 Relative to its geographic size, which is roughly equivalent to that of Western Europe, and its population of 67 million, the DRC has a very low level of financial intermediation. However, there has been an influx of new banks and other financial institutions over the past three years. At the end of 2010 the total number of commercial banks had nearly doubled to 23 banks, compared to just 13 in Nevertheless, bank penetration is still below 1%, with the number of customer accounts estimated at a mere 650,000. At year-end, the total assets of the formal banking sector 3 stood at USD 2.3 billion (2009: USD 1 Source: Economist Intelligence Unit, Country report on DR Congo, December Data for this section are based on the published financial statements of each institution in the DRC. 3 Excluding Banque Congolaise (in liquidation).
14 14 Annual Report billion). Meanwhile, total deposits climbed to USD 1.5 billion (2009: USD 1.3 billion) and the loan portfolio increased to USD 864 million (2009: USD 816 million). On the regulatory side, there were no significant changes in The new minimum capital requirement for banks, communicated by the central bank in 2009, took effect in January 2010 (USD 10 million, up from USD 5 million). Most commercial banks in the DRC target corporations and large institutions. Though very small, small and medium-sized businesses continue to dominate the economy, supplying the local market with various commodities, basic consumer goods and food, they remain severely underserved with respect to credit. The SME sector is expanding, and therefore its financing needs are also increasing. Formal banks are reluctant to address this potential market (as well as very small businesses), however, mainly due to its informality and lack of solid guarantees. In addition, the vast majority of small agricultural businesses have no access to the financial sector at all, despite the more than 120 savings and credit co-operatives and 19 microfinance institutions that operate primarily in the countryside. A few international banks have timidly entered the market in the micro and SME segments, notably Advans Bank, which went into operation in the DRC in 2009, and Opportunity Bank, which is in the process of opening and plans to lend to the same sub-sector. Trust Merchant Bank (TMB) and Banque Internationale pour l Afrique au Congo (BIAC) have increased their activities with SMEs. FINCA (not yet a bank, but nevertheless a key player in microfinance), which initially focused its lending activities on groups and individuals at the lower end of the microfinance market, is increasingly targeting small businesses. ProCredit Performance Due to irresponsible institutions that have gone bankrupt, burying with them their clients deposits, banks generally have a bad name in the eyes of ordinary Congolese. This perception only worsened in the aftermath of the world financial crisis, and the central bank s takeover of Banque Congolaise in 2010 after severe liquidity problems further eroded public confidence in the banking sector. In this climate of renewed wariness towards banks, ProCredit Bank Congo s commitment to responsible banking and rigorous efforts to prevent over-indebtedness both reinforced customer loyalty and drew new clients. Offering convenient lending, transaction and savings services to very small, small and medium-sized businesses around the country, the bank also maintained its image as an accessible, reliable bank for lower and middle-income private individuals. In addition to offering simple and transparent financial products, the bank continued to promote financial literacy and education among its clients. ProCredit s well-trained staff work closely with clients, conveying to them the benefits of banking with us as well as the advantages of formalising their finances. We also communicate the bank s development mission and explain our pricing schemes. The bank s very comfortable liquidity situation in 2010 allowed us to continue extending loans and to enlarge our business with small and medium clients. On the institutional level, we re-organised our departments according to the type of client or business, advising customers according to their specific requirements. This client-oriented approach proved to be successful, as evidenced by the rise in deposits and in the use of related banking services. ProCredit in fact holds 35% of the total number of bank accounts nationwide. In 2010 deposits grew by 17.6% in volume (47.9% in number), and clients increasingly used the bank s various services, including cheque payments (which increased by 16.9% in number), transfers (which increased by 15.4% in number), ATM withdrawals (which increased by 105.8% in number) and POS terminal payments (which increased by 12.2% in volume, but remained stable in number). We also made a substantial contribution to economic growth by financing businesses, disbursing USD 51.4 million in loans, an increase of 5% over Lending After just five years, ProCredit Bank Congo has become very adept at helping entrepreneurs grow
15 Management Business Review 15 and formalise their businesses. The gross loan portfolio grew by 16.7%, to USD 39.3 million (2009: USD 33.9 million), and the bank disbursed around 7,700 loans. With additional resources channelled into SME lending, the average loan size increased from USD 3,964 in 2009 to USD 6,691 at the end of With respect to the different sub-segments of the portfolio, performance varied: while the Very Small (up to USD 30,000) and Small (from USD 30,000 up to USD 100,000) segments remained relatively stable, our Medium outstanding portfolio doubled, to USD 10.4 million. Although this growth showed that ProCredit Bank is becoming a very appealing financial partner for entrepreneurs with much larger projects than our usual target group, not all of the projects to be financed in this segment are in line with our development mission. We therefore took a selective approach
16 16 Annual Report 2010 to Medium lending, focusing on projects with a human development impact (schools, hospitals, etc.) or medium businesses with a very high potential for job creation. The slow pace of growth in the Very Small and Small segments in 2010 was mainly due to competition in certain markets, increased credit risk and challenging legal processes, which necessitated the introduction of stricter internal policies and the reinforcement of certain operational teams (i.e. recruitment and training). At the same time, with more microfinance institutions operating at the lower end of the market, signs of multiple lending led us to cease issuing loans below USD 1,000. While this decision made perfect sense in terms of credit risk management, it also meant withdrawing from an entire market segment. To compensate for the scaling back of operations at the lowest end of the market, we implemented a training programme aimed at increasing our acquisition capacity in the higher loan segments. Our core business still lies in the Very Small segment (from USD 1,000-USD 30,000), which accounted for 56% of our disbursements in In this segment, the outstanding portfolio decreased slightly, amounting to USD 21.1 million and 8,798 loans at year-end. Due to competition, the volume of our Small business increased only modestly, from USD 6.4 million to USD 6.5 million year-on-year. In this segment, other banks tend to freely issue collateral-based loans with relatively short maturities, as well as overdrafts, without taking payment capacity into account. Observing that over-indebtedness was mushrooming among these clients, ProCredit Bank took the responsible step of imposing stricter loan requirements, which in turn led to a higher rejection rate saw the opening of five new branches and service points, bringing the total number of units in the network to 16. In Kinshasa, new branches were opened in Matadi Kibala and Matete, while service points were established in the Binza-UPN (Université Pédagogique Nationale) and Limete districts. The bank is proudest, however, of opening the country s very first bank branch fully dedicated to agricultural lending, in Mbanza Ngungu. Agriculture represents 37.4% of the country s economy and yet is tremendously underserved. Our agricultural loan portfolio is still small, but we plan to expand our team of agricultural client advisers and increase our outreach in this sector. There are various reasons for the increase of the overall portfolio at risk over 30 days to 5.43% from 3.41% in 2009, including poor informationsharing between Congolese financial institutions (the country still has no credit reference bureau); irresponsible, poorly analysed loans disbursed Loan Portfolio Development Number of Loans Outstanding Breakdown by Loan Size* Volume (in USD million) Number (in 000) % 1.7% % % 39.9% Jun 06 Dec Jun 07 Dec Jun 08 Dec Jun 09 Dec Jun 10 Dec 0 < USD 10,000 > USD 150,000 USD 10,001 USD 30,000 Total number outstanding USD 30,001 USD 150,000 < USD 1,000 USD 30,001 USD 150,000 USD 1,001 USD 10,000 > USD 150,000 USD 10,001 USD 30,000 * 31 Dec 2010
17 Management Business Review 17 by certain banks; the poaching of some of our experienced lending staff by other institutions; and a slowdown in business activities in some sectors. Accordingly, the unit in charge of portfolio quality was upgraded to a full department, with the aim of supporting the branches in credit risk management and recovery. Refresher trainings on loan analysis procedures were also conducted to improve our officers skills. Provisions remained at a prudent level, covering 115.4% of PAR above 30 days and 6.15% of the outstanding loan portfolio. Net write-offs amounted to 3.56% of our year-end portfolio. Deposits and Other Banking Services As the first bank to open its banking halls to ordinary people, and with simple products and transparent pricing, ProCredit Bank Congo s deposit products and other banking services have been very popular from the start. The bank s excellent reputation in the market continues to be reflected Business Loan Portfolio Breakdown by Maturity Loan Portfolio Quality (arrears >30 days) in % in % of loan portfolio Jun 06 Dec Jun 07 Dec Jun 08 Dec Jun 09 Dec Jun 10 Dec Jun 06 Dec Jun 07 Dec Jun 08 Dec Jun 09 Dec Jun 10 Dec < 12 months months > 24 months Net write-offs: in 2006: USD 0 in 2007: USD 0 in 2008: USD 247,011 in 2009: USD 857,134 in 2010: USD 1,396,205
18 18 Annual Report 2010 in our results. In 2010, total customer funds grew to USD million, a 17% increase over In numbers, total accounts stood at 161,500 (2009: 109,000), an increase of nearly 50%. The deposit-to-loan ratio stood at 318.5% at year-end (vs % in 2009), reflecting our typically very comfortable liquidity situation. The vast majority of our depositors are ordinary people: the number of accounts with a balance up to USD 100 represented 71.5% of total deposits (2009: 66.3%). Despite the relatively stable macroeconomic environment in 2010, our customers choices of deposit categories continue to reflect a strong preference for ready availability of funds, with current accounts representing 46.9% (2009: 51.5%) of the total deposit volume and savings accounts making up 47.5% (2009: 43.4%). The rest of the volume is held in term deposits, mainly with maturities below six months. The most frequently used other products are payment products, i.e. transfers and cheques. We carried out nearly 43,000 transfers (15.4% more than in 2009) with a combined volume of USD 278 million in Domestic transactions represented 35.5% of the total number and 32.1% of the volume. The bank made a strong effort to promote the secure and simple technologies it uses to make transactions more convenient for clients. Cards proved to be especially popular because they allow customers to make withdrawals at ATMs and purchase things in shops. ProCredit Bank was the first bank to introduce ATMs and POS terminals to the market, and with a network of 19 ATMs and more than 300 POS terminals installed in shops and supermarkets, we are the leader in both categories. Nearly twice as many withdrawals as last year were made on ATMs, reaching nearly 1. 3 million transactions in total. Around 72,000 card payments were processed through our POS terminals, similar to 2009 s figures. Our staff at the branches also promoted the use of cards as a safe and convenient alternative to cash. Because most of our clients do not trust machines, they regularly come to our banking halls for transactions that they could carry out themselves, resulting in long queues during peak days of the month. Half of the cash desk transactions in our branches are withdrawals, and the vast majority of those are below USD 1,000. Our card promotions always include demonstrations on how to use cards at ATMs and POS terminals, with the objective of convincing clients to try our payment technologies, gain confidence in them, and save time. Our local debit cards and VISA cards have been very successful for years. This year we also introduced MasterCard, thus diversifying our product range. Although e-banking services have been available to our clients for some time, internet access from Customer Deposits Number of Customer Deposits Breakdown by Size* Volume (in USD million) Number (in 000) % 0.11% o.06% % % % Jun 06 Dec Jun 07 Dec Jun 08 Dec Jun 09 Dec Jun 10 Dec 0 Term Savings Sight Total number < USD 100 USD 10,001 USD 50,000 USD 101 USD 1,000 USD 50,001 USD 100,000 USD 1,001 USD 10,000 > USD 100,000 * 31 Dec 2010
19 Management Business Review 19 home or the workplace is still not common among our clients or in the country as a whole. Therefore, at the end of 2010 we began to develop straightforward mobile phone banking services, which will be launched in early This product will enable clients to access their account balance and last few transactions as well as to make transfers from their mobile phones around the clock. Financial Results ProCredit Bank Congo s financial results were generally favourable in Our total assets increased by 22.8% to USD 147 million. This growth was driven primarily by a 50.4% rise in investment securities, to USD 17.8 million, and a 15.6% increase in the loan portfolio, bringing the total to USD 39.3 million. The bank s liquidity reserves remained excellent. In line with the bank s development mission, lending activities were focused on very small, small and medium-sized enterprises, including agricultural loans, which grew by 19.1% over the previous year. The 106% increase in outstanding medium-sized exposures was the largest contributor to loan portfolio growth. However, the total volume of loans in arrears above 30 days increased from 3.40% to 5.43% of Domestic Money Transfers International Money Transfers Volume (in USD million) Number (in 000) Volume (in USD million) Number (in 000) Jan Jul Jun Dec 06 Jan Jul Jun Dec 07 Jan Jul Jun Dec 08 Jan Jul Jun Dec 09 Jan Jul Jun Dec Jan Jul Jun Dec 06 Jan Jul Jun Dec 07 Jan Jul Jun Dec 08 Jan Jul Jun Dec 09 Jan Jul Jun Dec 10 0 Incoming Outgoing Number Incoming Outgoing Number
20 20 Annual Report 2010 the total loan portfolio. This resulted in a 91.6% rise in loan loss provisions, bringing the figure to USD 2.4 million. Part of the increase was also due to changes in the central bank s provisioning rules and to the growth of the bank s loan portfolio. Capacity at the head office and in the branches was also reinforced in order to address portfolio quality management issues. The bank maintained an excellent liquidity position throughout the year, with the ratio of liquid assets to total assets at 50.7% at year-end. Excess liquidity was mostly invested in sovereign bonds and placements with correspondent banks. This asset growth was supported by an increase in customer deposits (17.6%). Our primary goal was
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