2 Contents Introduction How to Load and Use the Collision Diagram Program Other Notes on Collision Diagrams Appendix Example collision diagrams Installation Instructions for ws_update program
4 Introduction COLLISION DIAGRAMS The purpose of collision diagrams is to graphically represent crashes at a particular location. A collision diagram represents the crash type, severity, speed, light conditions, and road conditions for each individual crash report. After a collision diagram is drawn, one may be able to identify potential problem areas with the location through reoccurring patterns. Collision Diagrams are just one of the many tools used to help develop a better understanding of the areas that may need to be looked at for a particular location
5 Introduction Base Mappings Base Mapping Base mapping is one of the more critical parts of a collision diagram. When drawing a collision diagram for site specific evaluations, the following protocol should be used in order of priority: 1. If a signal plan exists, use it and delete unneeded items. (Signal plans will be provided) -Keep pavement edge lines, lane lines, pavement markings (arrows, stop bars), street names, and speed limits. -Signal plan will also be used to show signal information on collision diagram. This will be gone over later in the presentation.
6 Introduction Base Mappings Base Mapping (cont) 2. If an aerial exists (google maps, etc), use the aerial and trace over the existing line work (this allows more consistency in lane configurations and skew angles). 3. Free hand as a last resort, but at a minimum the lane configurations and skew angles should be as close as possible to actual. If no other visual of the intersection exists, the DMV crash report drawings can be used.
7 How to Load and Use the Collision Diagram Program
8 Step 1 - Creating Collision Diagram Input File (Method 1 - For State Network Users) STEP 1: Create an input file of crash id s you wish to plot For Intersections and Strips (Preferred method for Greenfield users and others connected to the State network) Complete Intersection or Strip Analysis Report in TEAAS and click Generate Study The following box opens Check the box next to Save Crash ID List, then OK
9 Step 1 - Creating Collision Diagram Input File (Method 1 - For Non-State Network Users) STEP 1: Create an input file of crash id s you wish to plot For Intersections and Strips (For contractors and other users not connected to the State network) Complete Intersection or Strip Analysis Report in TEAAS and click Generate Study The following box opens Check the box next to Save Collision Diagram Data File, then OK
10 Step 1 - Creating Collision Diagram Input File (Method 1) Choose name and location and save the text file
11 Step 1 - Creating Collision Diagram Input File (Method 2) Create an input file of crash id s you wish to plot Second Method If you just have a list of Crash IDs that you want to plot In TEAAS go to the Generate Reports tab and click on Generate Collision Diagram File The following box should pop up:
12 Step 1 - Creating Collision Diagram Input File (Method 2) Copy and paste the crash id s that you want plotted into the text box on the left You can also import a text file of the crash id s Note: If using this method, make sure crash id s are in order that you want them to be plotted Intersection Crash IDs should be ordered by date Strip Crash IDs should ordered by milepost, then by date
13 Step 1 - Creating Collision Diagram Input File (Method 2) Click Generate Data File Choose the name and location for the file to be saved.
14 Step 1 - Creating Collision Diagram Input File If opened, the collision diagram file will like look similar to one of the following: If created using Save Crash ID list (preferred method for State network users) OR If created using Save Collision Diagram Data File or the Generate Collision Diagram File method
15 Step 2 - Loading the Collision Diagram Program STEP 2: Go to MicroStation and load the collision diagram program Open MicroStation Select Tsu in the user box if it is not already selected Click Open to open MicroStation
16 Step 2 - Loading the Collision Diagram Program There are two ways to load the program: (1) In the key-in window, type in mdl load collision OR (2) Pull down the Utilities menu and select MDL Applications. Scroll through the Available Applications until you see collision. Double-click on collision to bring up the program interface.
17 Step 2 - Loading the Collision Diagram Program The program is now loaded and the following screen should appear (may take a few seconds):
18 Step 3 - Loading the Input File STEP 3: Load your crash id input file. Depending on how you created your list of Crash IDs this is done in one of two ways: For lists created using Save Crash ID List (Preferred method for Greenfield users and others connected to the State network): Click on the Load Crash ID File button. For lists created using Save Collision Diagram Data File or the Generate Collision Diagram File method (non State network-users): Click on the Load TEAAS Input File button.
19 Step 3 - Loading the Input File Navigate to the input file and select Open. Once you click Open, the program will connect to the TEAAS database and gather the information necessary to plot the crashes in MicroStation. This may take a few seconds.
20 Step 3 - Loading the Input File The program is now ready to use. All of the fields not grayed out can be changed by clicking on the arrow button at the right of the field and selecting another valid value. -- NOTE: The information on this screen should be checked for each crash. Coding errors could cause some of the information to come in wrong. Also, some crashes can not be plotted in an automated manner. Certain crash types will still have to be plotted manually. More on this will be discussed later in presentation.
21 Other Notes on Collision Diagrams
22 Breakdown of Collision Diagram Program Interface Use these buttons to switch between crash id s Use these buttons to switch between units Can change the scale at which the crashes plot to best fit your base map Button used to select an input file of crash id s Can toggle these fields by using the check boxes Press the plot button to plot your crash based on the values selected
23 Check data against crash report to make sure it was entered correctly Checking Data in Collision Diagram Program
24 Breakdown of Plotted Crash Components Number Corresponding to Crash Summary Fault Indicator Vehicle Speed Day (Hollow)/ Night (Filled In) Road Conditions Injury Indicator
25 Breakdown of Plotted Crash Components Road Conditions Dry Wet Ice Other Injury Indicator Non-Fatal Injury Fatal Injury Vehicle Speed 9 MPH or Less 10 to 19 MPH 20 to 29 MPH 30 to 39 MPH 40 to 49 MPH 50 to 59 MPH 60 to 69 MPH 70 MPH and Up Unknown Speed
26 Crash Types Rear End Ran Off Road Head On Angle Left Turn Same Roadway Left Turn Different Roadway Backing Up Right Turn Same Roadway Right Turn Different Roadway Sideswipe Same Direction Sideswipe Opposite Direction Movable Object Bicycle Pedestrian Animal
27 Notes on Collision Diagrams Some crash types ( Other Collision with Vehicle, Other Non-Collision, Unknown ) do not have a corresponding crash cell. In the collision diagram program you will need to change the crash type to one that the crash most closely resembles. A note might need to be added for further clarification. Will not Plot Crash report describes it as a sideswipe-type crash Change Crash Type to sideswipe, same direction
28 Notes on Collision Diagrams Occasionally you will need to correct miscoded crash types. Coded as Left Turn, Same Roadway From the crash report diagram and narrative, it is apparent that it was actually a Left Turn, Different Roadway Change the crash type before plotting
29 Notes on Collision Diagrams Some crashes (U-Turns) are not an option on crash report. Open cell library and find what you need.
30 Notes on Collision Diagrams Collision Diagram program has some quirks to it Sometimes fault indicator or speeds need to be changed even though the information is entered correctly. This can be done either by changing information in collision diagram program box or by placing the cell, breaking it, and manually moving indicators to correct location. Although we have a fault indicator, if possible change crash number circle to at-fault vehicle as a secondary indicator (not possible with backing-up crash). Sideswipe crashes always drawn same way (shows vehicle on right swerving). May need to be changed to accurately reflect which vehicle departed the lane Cell came in like this Needed to be changed to this
31 Notes on Collision Diagrams There are different ways to draw collision diagrams so that they are not as cluttered Stacking Numbers Use if details about two or more crashes are the same (type, fault, road and light condition, speed ranges)
32 Notes on Collision Diagrams Use Insets and Blow Up - Use if there is a large pattern that can t be fit into the diagram at a readable size
33 Notes on Collision Diagrams Collision Diagrams are not to scale. We try to be as accurate as possible, but for visual clarity sometimes things need to be changed. (Driveway locations, length of turn lanes, etc) If there is information that you think is relevant, put a note next to the crash.
34 Signal Diagram Signals Use signal file to help draw simple signal diagram on the collision diagram
35 Signal Diagram How to make signal diagram Reference signal file into collision diagram file Zoom into intersection and copy all the signal head symbols as well as the corresponding numbers. Paste them off to the side. They will probably be spaced far apart and will be needed to moved closer together. Try to keep their placement relative to each other.
36 Signal Diagram Now copy the Signal Face I.D. chart from signal file and place over signal head symbols that you copied. Put a box around everything and label it with the Signal ID Place on collision diagram. Might need to be resized.
37 Notes on Printing Notes on Printing Change all crash cells to line weight of 0 so that speeds are readable after converting to pdf. Leave crash cells in color. Stick to black/white for most background drawing features unless color is necessary. The yellow color used for lane lines and signal heads does not show up well when printed. If a yellow color is preferred, use one with more orange in it We don t use any special IPLOT settings. Just print as is. We are open to any suggestions you have to make Collision Diagrams better.
39 Example of Completed Collision Diagram
40 Example of Completed Collision Diagram
41 Example of Completed Collision Diagram
42 Installation Instructions ws_update program ONLY FOR OFFICES OUTSIDE OF GREENFIELD PKWY
43 Installation Instructions ws_update program (outside Greenfield only) -Download UpdateWS program from the weblink below: - -This program will allow you to update your MicroStation workspaces with the most current version available
44 Installation Instructions ws_update program (outside Greenfield only) Unzip the file you just downloaded (UpdateWS.zip): -Move UpdateWS.exe to your desktop or other convenient location
45 Installation Instructions ws_update program (outside Greenfield only) - Open the UpdateWS program Check the box beside TSU_STDS and click the Update button You have now updated your Traffic Safety workspace files with the most current available
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