1 MASTER SYLLABUS SW 7720 INTRODUCTION TO SOCIAL WELFARE POLICY IN THE UNITED STATES I. COURSE DOMAIN AND BOUNDARY This course introduces students to the concepts, history and development of social welfare, social welfare institutions and social policy within the United States. Content includes the scope of social welfare policy development and systems of service, the funding authority and patterns of service delivery, and how political and social ideologies influence policy development. This review includes investigation of local, state, federal and international levels and the understanding that policy is a function of social political and economic context and transitions. The evolution and current status of the profession of social work is described as it interfaces with social welfare development, policies and practices. An analytic framework is utilized to identify trends and assess gaps in policies and programs especially as they impact on minorities, women and other vulnerable groups. Reform is discussed in terms of the policy alternatives and the need for social work involvement is political arenas, advocacy groups and as a part of organizational change efforts in order to advance social and economic justice. II. Competencies 1. Identify as a professional social worker and conduct oneself accordingly 2. Apply social work principles to guide professional practice*** 3. Apply critical thinking to inform and communicate professional judgments 4. Engage diversity and difference in practice 5. Advance human rights and social and economic justice*** 6. Engage in research-informed research and practice informed research 7. Apply knowledge of human behavior and the social environment 8. Engage in policy practice to advance social and economic well-being and to deliver effective social work services*** 9. Respond to contexts that shape practice 10. Engage, assess, intervene, and evaluate with individuals, families, groups, organizations, and communities 11. Analyze the impact of the urban context on a range of client systems, including practice implications***
2 III. LEARNING OUTCOMES/ Benchmarks A. Show basic knowledge of political processes and social work involvement in political activities, advocacy groups, and/or organizational change, as part of their professional identity. (1A) B. Comprehend the historical evolution of social work as an emerging profession engaged in the promotion of social welfare and social justice. (2B) C. Assess policy alternatives that address current gaps in service delivery assess policy alternatives that address current gaps in service delivery. (3A) D. Comprehend the historical evolution of social work as an emerging profession engaged in the promotion of social welfare and social justice.(3b) E. Develop skills necessary to participate in political processes, political activities, advocacy, and/or organizational change that can lead to social welfare policy reform and promote social and economic justice. (5A) F. Develop skills necessary to participate in political processes, political activities, advocacy, and/or organizational change that can lead to social welfare policy reform and promote social and economic justice. (5B) G. Demonstrate the skills necessary to analyze social welfare policies utilizing an analytic framework (e.g., Gilbert & Terrell) that incorporates scientific research, professional social work values and societal beliefs and values as they apply to policy choices concerning eligibility (who), type of benefit (what), delivery system (how), and source and type of funding (financing). (6A) H. Analyze the historical development of social welfare from the poor laws to the welfare state viewed dynamically as a function of social, economic, and political changes. (8A) I. Analyze the political process and its influence on the formulation of social welfare policy and social work practice. (8B) J. Show basic knowledge of political processes and social work involvement in political activities, advocacy groups, and/or organizational change, as part of their professional identity. (9B) K. Identify trends in the development of the social welfare system and a broad range of income maintenance, health, and housing programs that will serve as a knowledge base for social work practice, particularly as it relates to urban settings. (11A) IV. PERFORMANCE CRITERIA The exams, written assignments and/or in-class exercises, participation and preparedness are designed to measure how well each student meets the course competencies A A B B B-
3 77-79 C C C D D V. TEXTS/REQUIRED MATERIALS Textbooks for SW 7720 are the following: Trattner, W.I. (1999). From poor laws to welfare state: A history of social welfare in American, 6th ed. New York: Free Press. Barusch, A.S. (2012). Foundations of social policy: Social justice in human perspective, 4th ed. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole. Two additional texts are useful to provide background on policy analysis. These books are recommended texts for SW 7720: Chambers, D. E. & Wedel, K. R. (2005). Social policy and social programs. A method for the practical public policy analyst 4 th ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. Gilbert, N. & Terrell, P. (2006). Dimensions of social welfare policy, 6 th ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. VI. ORGANIZATION OF THE COURSE The initial focus of this course is to provide a historical overview of the development of social welfare policies and the profession of social work. The course is also designed to prepare students to systematically analyze social problems and to gain understanding of the social welfare system in the U.S. The establishment of social policy through legislative action will be reviewed and the ways that policy issues are brought to the attention of decision makers through research, social conflicts, and powerful social events will be emphasized. The role of discrimination, oppression and inequality in the establishment and implementation of social welfare policies and services will be discussed. The four units covered in this course include: the historical development of social welfare policy and services and the development of the profession of social work; a description and analysis of the organized social welfare system at the federal, state and local level; and the nature and scope of current social problems. Emphasis is given to the social welfare policy issues of social and economic justice, diversity, populations at risk, and social work ethics and values. VII. COURSE OUTLINE Below is a suggested course outline that uses the required text. Instructors may alter the sequence and add additional readings.
4 Week Content Readings 1 Historical conceptualization of social welfare; colonial Trattner chapters 1-4 America Indoor relief 2 The civil war settlement house movement Trattner chapters Mental health movement Social Work and Welfare Trattner chapters Depression and new Deal War on Welfare Trattner chapters Social Justice and Social Workers Barusch chapters 1 6 Social Justice and Social Workers Barusch chapters 1 7 The Government s Role Barusch chapters 2 8 The Government s Role Barusch chapters 2 9 Policy analysis and Policy Practice Barusch chapters 3 10 Policy analysis and Policy Practice Barusch chapters 3 11 Vulnerable Populations Barusch chapters 9&10 12 Vulnerable Populations Barusch chapters Vulnerable Populations Barusch chapters 14&15 14 Course wrap-up VIII. SUGGESTED ASSIGNMENTS 1. Exams/Quizzes on Current Policy and how social policy is apparent within service delivery systems (e.g. current eligibility criteria for programs or services). 2. Students will write a comprehensive essay (5-6 pages) which reflects varying opinions in regards to Social Work s attitude toward assisting those in need. IX. REQUIRED ASSIGNMENT Assessment of US Social Welfare Policy Project Students will prepare a page (not including title page, tables, figures and references) paper describing the historical development of a social welfare issue of their choice. The assignment may be done individually or in groups. Outline for the paper: A. Select a social welfare issue/problem discussed in class that is traceable from the Colonial Era to the present. B. Discuss how the issue impacts members of vulnerable populations (choose two). C. Present an overview of how the issue has been defined overtime and when and why the issue s definition changed over time. D. Discuss how and why policy toward the issue changed over time, identifying how the definition of the issue affected policy. E. Discuss the current state of policy in regards to the issue, and factors that led to it. F. Project future trends that may affect the issue and policies that might be implemented as a result.
5 G. Interview one advocate or legislator regarding their opinion of current policy concerning this issue. H. Assess information on how another country besides the US addresses this concern and how successful/unsuccessful this strategy is. BIBLIOGRAPHY Abramovitz, M. (2001). Everyone is still on welfare: The role of redistribution in social policy. Social Work, 46, Allen-Meares, P. (1996). The new federal role in education and family services: goal setting without responsibility. Social Work, 41, Allen-Meares, P. & Roberts, E. M. (1995). Public assistance as family policy: Closing off options for poor families. Social Work, 40, Anderson, S.G., Halter, A.P., & Gryzlak, B.M. (2004). Difficulties after leaving TANF: Inner-city women talk about reasons for returning to welfare. Social Work, 49, Axinn, June & Levin, Herman (2005). Social Welfare: A History of the American response to need. NewYork: Longman. Berrick, J. D. (1995). Faces of Poverty: Portraits of Women and Children on Welfare. Lavallette, NJ: Oxford University Press. Blau, J. & Abramovitz, M. (2004). The dynamics of social welfare policy. New York; Oxford Press. Dobelstein, A.W. (2003). Social Welfare Policy and Analysis. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole. Ewalt, P., Freeman, E. M., Kirk, S. A., & Poole, D. L. (1997). Social Policy: Reform, Research, and Practice. Washington, D.C.: NASW Press. Gil, D. (1998). Confronting Injustice and Oppression: Concepts and Strategies for Social Workers. New York: Columbia University Press. Gilbert, N. and Terrell, P. (2005). Dimensions of social welfare policy Boston: Allyn & Bacon. Haynes, K. S. and Mickelson, S. (2006). Affecting change: Social workers in the political arena NewYork: Longman. Haynes, K. S. and Mickelson, S. (2006). Affecting change: Social workers in the political arena NewYork: Longman.
6 Haynes, K. & Mickelson, J. (2006) Affecting Change: Social Workers in the Political Arena. New York: Longman. Hodge, D. (2003). Value differences between social workers and members of the working and middle classes. Social Work, 48, Jansson, B.S. (2005). The Reluctant Welfare State. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole. Jansson, B. S. (1999). Becoming an Effective Policy Advocate: From Policy Practice to Social Justice. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks-Cole. Jansson, B. S. & Smith, S. (1996). Articulating a new nationalism in American social policy. Social Work, 41, Johnson, A.K. (2004). Social work is standing on the legacy of Jane Addams: But are we sitting on the sidelines? Social Work, 49, Kuo, D. (1997). Poverty 101: What liberals and conservatives can learn from each other. The Brookings Review, Lens, V. (2005). Advocacy and argumentation in the public arena: A guide for social workers. Social Work, 50, LeCroy, C. W. & Stinson, E. L. (2004). The public s perception of social work: Is it what we think it is? Social Work, 49, Midgley, J., Tracy, M.B. & Livermore, M. (2000). Handbook of social policy. Thousand Oaks, CA; Sage. NASW. (2003). Social Work Speaks: NASW Policy Statements Washington, D.C.: NASW. Noble, C. (1997). Welfare as We Knew It: A Political History of the American Welfare State. Lavallette, NJ: Oxford University Press. Perlmutter, F. D. (1997). From Welfare to Work: Corporate Initiatives and Welfare Reform. Lavallette, NJ: Oxford University Press. Ramanathan, C. S. & Link, R. J. (1999). All Our Futures: Principles & Resources for Social Work Practice in a Global Era. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks-Cole. Rank, M.R. & Hirschl, T.A. (1999). The likelihood of poverty across the American life span. Social Work, 44, Seccombe, K. (1999). So You Think I Drive a Cadillac. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
7 Stoesz, D. (1996). Small Change: Domestic Policy under the Clinton Presidency. New York: Longman.
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