Tunisia s Strategy on Climate Change Focus on mitigation initiatives & NAMAs development in the energy sector

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1 Tunisia s Strategy on Climate Change Focus on mitigation initiatives & NAMAs development in the energy sector Imed Fadhel Climate Change National Focal Point Tunisia

2 National context Land Use Change and Forestry 9% Waste 5% Agriculture 20% - GDP distribution: 55% Services, 33% Industry and 12% Agriculture; -Since early 2000s, net importer of energy due to depletion of its fossil resources and the important growth of its energy demand. -Total GHG emissions in Tunisia:32 millionco 2 e//3.4tco 2 epercapita. Industrial processes 11% Energy 55% Gross GHG emissions distribution by source GDP (historic development since 1990 in US$)

3 Context (energy sector) A: Evolution of GDP and GHG emissions due to energy B: Evolution of the primary energy use (toe per capita) C: Evolution of the primary energy intensity in toe/1000 TND 1 TND = 0.6 USD D: Evolution of GHG emissions due to energy In 1000 tco2e

4 National Strategy on Climate Change GHG mitigation objectives Ambitious objectives: 1. Reduction of the carbon intensity of the economy of about 60% in 2030 compared to 2009 levels: Promoting EE policies and measures to contribute to the continuous decreasing of the carbon intensity of about 2-3% per year; Increasing the share of RE in the electricity consumptionto30%in2030(lessthan1%now). 2. Stabilization of the GHG emissions by 2050.

5 (1) NAMA support Project for The Tunisian Solar Plan (TSP) The TSP represents the most important programmed initiative in the energy sector (EE and RE). TSP is covering with the identification of 40 projects in the first period Two main objectives : Reduction in energy demand by 24% in 2016 & 40% in 2030; Increasing the share of RE in electricity generation capacity to 11% in 2016 and 30% in 2030.

6 (1) NAMA support Project for The Tunisian Solar Plan (TSP) continue TSP potential evaluated on the basis of two scenarios: A baseline scenario: continuity of the current trends in energy conservation; A mitigation scenario : full implementation of the TSP and results in carbon intensity decrease to 0.48 tco 2 e per 1000 TND in In the reference scenario, the GHG emissions level would reach 60 million tco 2 e in 2030 and, thus, would increase with an average rate of 3.7% per year between 2009 and In the mitigation scenario, the reinforcement of actions in EE and RE would limit the GHG emissions growth rate to 1.1% per year. The GHG emissions would reach 35 million tco 2 e in 2030.

7 (1) NAMA support project for The Tunisian Solar Plan (TSP) continue The avoided GHG emissions would reach 6 million tco 2 e by 2016 and 25 million tco 2 e by Mitigation potential of the TSP in million tonnes of CO 2 equivalent 28

8 (1) NAMA support Project for The Tunisian Solar Plan (TSP) continue The project document is under conception / to be submitted to GEF in early 2014 (GEF contribution 4 million USD, Co-financing 63 million USD); Main Project objectives: Complete a comprehensive barrier analysis for mitigation options in the energy generation and end-use sector, relating specifically to targets and objectives outlined in the TSP; Identify, analyse, screen and design 3 NAMAs that are aligned with TSP targets and objectives; Develop a NAMA enabling environment («joined-up» institutional framework, operational multi-sectoral policy dialogue, defined and approved policy and financial tools (fiscal incentives, feed-in tariffs, net-metering, concessional credits, loan programme facility, etc.). Implement one of the three selected NAMAs.

9 (2) GHG mitigation mechanism for the cement sector Supported by the German Government Context of the cement sector in Tunisia relevance of the mechanism: Energy and climate change indicators: The final energy consumption (O.7 million toe) of the cement sector represents the 1/3 of the total energy consumption by the inds. sector. TotalGHGemissionsofthesectorreached6.4milliontCO 2 ein2009. MtCO2e 7,000 6,000 5,000 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 0,000 Emissions Process due emissions to industrial processes: 56% 56% Emissions Direct due emissions to thermal energy use: 34% 34% Emissions Indirect emissions due to electricity use: 10% 10% The mechanism is under conception with a view to being adapted to the UNFCCC mechanisms : the NAMAs and the future NMM

10 (2) GHG mitigation mechanism for the cement sector- continue How can the emissions of the cement sector be mitigated: An in-depth discussions and dialogue with the cement sector have helped identify GHG mitigation potential of 8 million tco 2 e over based on the implementation of 4 categories of emission reduction measures: -EE:1.7milliontCO 2 eover RE:2.5milliontCO 2 eover Co-processing(useofwasteasfuel):2.6milliontCO 2 eover Finer segmenting of the cement market allowing reduction of the clinker/cementratio(forspecificuses):1.2milliontco 2 eover

11 (2) GHG mitigation mechanism for the cement sector- continue Structure of the mitigation mechanism Achievement/exceeding targets Individual performance contracts The organizational component is the cornerstone of the mechanism: it comprises the setting up of a management unit (at the national Agency for Energy Conservation) and the conclusion and the implementation of a volontary agreement between TunisanGov. and the Cement sector Voluntary agreement between cement producers and the Tunisian government

12 (2) GHG mitigation mechanism for the cement sector- continue Cement Producers Association National Agency for Energy Conservation (ANME), Ministries of Environment, Industry, Energy, Infrastructure, cement producers, donors, etc. Management Unit of the Mitigation Mechanism -Cost of the implementation of the mitigation mechanism is around 7 million Euros and would allow the mobilization of invest of around 970 million Euros in less carbon-intensive technologies. -The National Agency for Energy Conservation (ANME)and GIZ are preparing the launch of the mechanism and are in dialogue with various international donors.

13 (3) The building sector NAMA - continue Supported by the German Government ContextofthebuildingsectorinTunisia relevanceofthenama: Largest energy consuming sector(over 3 million toe in 2012) Has the largest GHG mitigation potential to be achieved by energy efficiencymeasures:21millionoftco 2 eover In 1000 tco 2 e Distribution of energy consumption by sector (2012) GHG mitigation potential for the Transport, Building and Industry sectors

14 (3) The building sector NAMA - continue Objective: Promoteenergyefficiency(EE) and use of renewable energies in the building sector: Focus on thermal insulation, enhancedbuilding design, EE appliances, efficient lighting, use of SWH systems and PV Sys.; Embedded in the national strategyon EE; Buildson existingnational energyconservation programmes. Core of the NAMA: Funding vehicle tprovide subsidies, soft loans or other incentives to building owners or investors in energy efficient technologies Extensionorscalingupofanexistingfundingvehicleforsolar water heaters and roofing insulation; Additional incentive schemes for comprehensive coverage of building energy efficiency measures.

15 (3) The building sector NAMA - continue Other measures: Training and capacity building Prog. to develop knowledge and skills base required for widespread implementation of EE technologies; Public awareness raising and educational campaign; NAMA development activities and next steps: Support the Tunisian Gov. to define and develop a comprehensive NAMA proposal and finance strategy, through the elaboration of Technical-economic analysis of the building sector in Tunisia, including -Barriers for EE technologies in the building sector; -Mitigation potential and cost of different technology options. Implementation plan including a comprehensive monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) system; NAMA proposal and finance plan to a sufficient level of detail to attract international NAMA funding and investment.

16 (4) The sanitation (wastewater treatment) sector NAMA Supported by the German Government Context of the sanitation sector relevance of the NAMA Baseline scenario: 0.79 million tco 2 e in 2020 and 0.94 million tco 2 e in % of the emissions are due to wastewater and sludge management (CH 4 ) and 16% are due to the energy consumption. Main objectives of the Initiative: -Develop GHG mitigation potential of the sanitation sector; -Analyze different mitigation options (reuse of sludge to produce biogas, energy efficiency measures, use of renewable energies and process change). -Develop a NAMA proposal and finance plan to attract international NAMA funding and investment. -Build capacities, in particular on MRV in the sanitation sector.

17 (5) The Agriculture, Land Use Change and Forestry NAMA Supported by the German Government Context relevance of the NAMA The sectors represent jointly the 2 nd source of GHG emissions in Tunisia (29% of the total Gross GHG emissions in 2000) Preliminary studies: mitigation potential exceeding 3 million tco 2 e by Main objectives of the Initiative: -Develop GHG mitigation potential ; -Analyze different mitigation options (efficient use of fertilizers, improvement of cattle breeding, biomass conservation and plantation, etc. ). -Develop a NAMA proposal and finance plan to attract international NAMA funding and investment. -Build capacities, in particular on MRV.

18 Thankyou

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