The Challenge of Climate Science

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The Challenge of Climate Science"

Transcription

1 The Challenge of Climate Science INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Italy Antonio Navarra Centro EuroMediterraneo per i Cambiamenti Climatici INGV

2 Aristotele Raffello, la Scuola di Atene!" De #"$"%&%'%()*+, Meteorologica INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Italy However,!"#$%$&, all the '(( mouths )*$ µ"+)*, of the Nile, "- )*$ with./($, the single #/)* exception )*$,/01($ of $23$4)/"0 that at Canopus, "- )*') are obviously ') 5'0"4+,, artificial '&$ and not "6%/"+,(7 natural. And '&)/-/3/'( Egypt was nothing '08 0") more 0')+&'(. than what 908 is :174) called #', Thebes, 0")*/01 as Homer, µ"&$ too, )*'0 shows, #*') modern /, 3'(($8 though ;*$6$,, ',!"µ$&, )"",,*"#,, he is in µ"8$&0 relation )*"+1* to such *$ changes. /, /0 &$(')/"0 )",+3* 3*'01$,. < (...)< ;*/, *'44$0$8 )" )*$ ('08 "- 9&1", '08 =73$0'$ ( ) /0 >&$$3$.?0 )*$ )/µ$ "- )*$ #'&, )*$ 9&1/%$ This happened ('08 #', to the µ'&,*7 land of Argos '08 3"+(8 and Mycenae "0(7,+44"&) in Greece. ',µ'(( In the time 4"4+(')/"0, of the Trojan #*$&$', wars the )*$ Argive ('08 land "- was =73$0'$ marshy and #', could /0 1""8 only 3"08/)/"0. support a small A+) population, 0"# )*$ "44",/)$ whereas /, the )*$ land 3',$, of Mycenae -"& )*$ was &$',"0 in good #$ condition. *'%$ µ$0)/"0$8: But now )*$ the ('08 opposite "- is =73$0'$ the case, *', for the 6$3"µ$ reason 3"µ4($)$(7 we have mentioned: 8&7 '08 the 6'&&$0, land of #*/($ Mycenae )*$ has 9&1/%$ become ('08 )*') completely #', -"&µ$&(7 dry and 6'&&$0 barren, while "#/01 the )" Argive )*$ #')$& land that *', was 0"# formerly 6$3"µ$ barren -&+/)-+(. owing."# to the )*$ water,'µ$ has 4&"3$,, now become )*') *', fruitful. )'B$0 Now 4('3$ the same /0 )*/, process,µ'(( that 8/,)&/3) has taken µ+,) place 6$ in,+44",$8 this small district )" 6$ 1"/01 must be "0 supposed "%$& #*"($ to be going on 3"+0)&/$, over whole '08 countries "0 ' ('&1$ and on,3'($.< a large scale. (...)< C" /) /, 3($'&,,/03$ )*$&$ #/(( 6$ 0" $08 )" )/µ$ ( ) '08 )*$ #"&(8 /, $)$&0'(, )*') 0$/)*$& )*$ ;'0'/, So it is clear, 0"& )*$ since./($ there *', will '(#'7, be no end 6$$0 to time -("#/01, and the 6+) world )*') is )*$ eternal, &$1/"0 that #*$03$ neither the )*$7 Tanais -("# nor #', the Nile "03$ has 8&7: always -"& )*$/& been flowing, $--$3) µ'7 but that 6$ -+(-/(($8, the region whence 6+) )/µ$ they 3'00"). flow was 908 once )*/, dry: #/(( for their 6$ $D+'((7 effect may )&+$ be fulfilled, "- '(( but ")*$& time &/%$&,. cannot. And A+) this /- &/%$&, will be equally 3"µ$ /0)" true $2/,)$03$ of all other '08 rivers. 4$&/,* But if '08 rivers )*$ come,'µ$ into 4'&), existence "- )*$ and $'&)* perish and #$&$ the 0") same '(#'7, parts of µ"/,), the earth )*$ were,$' not µ+,) always 0$$8, moist, 3*'01$ the sea 3"&&$,4"08/01(7. must needs change 908 correspondingly. /- )*$,$' /, And '(#'7, if the sea '8%'03/01 is always advancing /0 "0$ 4('3$ in one '08 place &$3$8/01 and receding /0 '0")*$& in another /) /, 3($'& it is clear )*') that )*$ the,'µ$ same parts 4'&), of "- the )*$ whole #*"($ earth $'&)* '&$ 0") are not '(#'7, always $/)*$& either sea,$' or "& land, ('08, but 6+) that )*') all this '(( changes )*/, 3*'01$, in course of /0 time. 3"+&,$ "- )/µ$.<

3 T.S. Eliot INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Italy The Waste Land I. The Burial of the Dead April is the cruelest month, breeding Lilacs out of the dead land, mixing Memory and desire, stirring Dull roots with spring rain. Winter kept us warm, covering Earth in forgetful snow, feeding A little life with dried tubers. Summer surprised us, coming over the Starnbergersee With a shower of rain; we stopped in the colonnade, we went.

4 Il Sistema Clima Atmosfera Evaporazione Precipitazioni Ghiaccio Marino Oceani BIOSFERA Fiumi Umidita del Suolo

5 The Climate Machine Solar Radiation Earth Radiation

6 Carbon dioxide INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Italy Valori massimi di anidride carbonica

7 Afro-Indian Sector: Mid-latitude Regimes Indian Monsoon INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Italy Sahel Region Planetary waves and Westerlies Summer Indian Monsoon InterTropical Convergence Zone

8 The challenge of climate change Strongly science-based problem. A special responsibility for scientists to provide honest, accurate, sound science Global scope and complex interactions

9 A scientific consideration of climate (I) INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Italy Crucial experiments like the famous experiment of Michelson e Morley are not possible in climate science How is it possible a scientific investigation of climate?

10 A scientific consideration of climate (II) We can male experiments if we represent the climate system via a set of mathematical relations: the equation of climate. INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Italy The equation of climate are very difficult, but they can be solved by numerical methods. We can then treat very complex mathematical equations, paying the price of a enormous number of elementary operations.

11 Le Equazioni di Navier-Stokes

12 The next generation of numerical models will be like INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Italy new, more powerful, telescopes or particle accelerators and they will allow us to look further into the working of the Earth climate more accurately, extensively and reliably.

13 INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Italy

14 The Structure of the CMCC Numerical Methods Climate Research Software Development INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Italy Agricultural Impacts: Forests Agricultural Impacts: Crops Impacts: Mediterranean Sea Numerical Simulations Impacts: The Coastal Zone Impacts: Energy and Economy Impacts: Health

15 LAN 1 Gbit/s NEC Vector/Parallel Supercomputer 4 SX-8R + 5 SX cpu. 3 TBytes RAM 11,2 TFlops Scalar/Parallel Supercomputer IBM Sp6 ~ 1000 cpu 3,2 TBytes RAM 18 TFlops Storage Area Network 12 Gbit/s aggregated Archive/Backup HA Cluster Server Disk Storage ~ 500 TBytes Tape Library 1800 Mbytes/sec 3 PBytes

16 CMCC Centro EuroMediterraneo per i Combiamenti Climatici IPCC standard resolution (T63) INGV-IPCC runs T106 resolution

17 T106 INGV-IPCC run resolution (~ 120Km) Next INGV-CMCC model resolution (~ 60Km)

18 THE SCENARIO SIMULATIONS INGV(CMCC) SXG IPCC Experiments: 1pccto4x [150y] CO 2 1pccto2x [150y] picntrl [100y] c3m [130y] sres a1b [100y] sres a2 TOT: [100y] [730y]

19 THE SCENARIO SIMULATIONS global mean surface temperature anomaly

20 SCENARIO: A2 20C precipitation A2( ) 20C( ) JFM A2( ) 20C( ) JFM INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Italy A2( ) 20C( ) JAS A2( ) 20C( ) JAS mm/day

21 SCENARIO: A2 20C 2m-Temperature A2( ) 20C( ) JFM A2( ) 20C( ) JFM INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Italy A2( ) 20C( ) JAS A2( ) 20C( ) JAS C

22

23 Il modello ad alta risoluzione permette anche di esplorare la frequenza, intensita e dislocazione degli uragani tropicali.

24 TCs Number in ingv-sxg 1-2-4xCO2 exp. pre-ind ingv-sxg [30y] 2xCO2 ingv-sxg [30y] 4xCO2 ingv-sxg [30y]

25 CIRCE Climate Change and Impact ResearCh: the Mediterranean Environment An FP6 Project of the European Union INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Italy Chair: Antonio Navarra and Laurence Tubiana

26 The project will investigate how global and Mediterranean climates interact, how the radiative properties of the atmosphere and the radiative fluxes vary, the interaction between cloudiness and aerosol, the modifications in the water cycle. The economic and social consequences of climate change shall be evaluated by analyzing direct impacts on migration, tourism and energy markets together with indirect impacts on the economic system. CIRCE will moreover investigate the consequences on agriculture, forests and ecosystems, human health and air quality. The variability of extreme events in the future scenario and their impacts will be assessed. The integrated results discussed by the project CIRCE will be presented in the first Regional Assessment of Climate Change in the Mediterranean area.

27 CIRCE Strategy Climate Dynamics Impacts Policy Social Dynamics Case Studies

28 What can we do? Mitigation: remove the causes of climate change, i.e. emissions Adaptation: prepare for the coming climate change

29 Mitigazione e Adattamento, Entrambi necessari, Entrambi limitati Mucche olandesi, dopo l adattamento

30

31 Mitigazione e Adattamento, Entrambi necessari, INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Italy Entrambi limitati

32 Elements for Post-Kyoto Regime Effective Capable of realizing significant emission reduction Empowering Allowing emerging countries to continue their development path Fair Recognizing the historical responsibility of mature economies Shared A large societal consensus is needed to implement effectively the policies

33 Coalition Building

34 General Social Survey USA (I) INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Italy! 86% - Satisfied of their job! 76% - Satisfied of their income! 62% - Expect their position to improve within the next three years! 65% - Over all satisfied of their lives

35 General Social Survey USA (II) INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Italy! 25% - Think the country is not on the right track! 80% - Think the Congress has accomplished nothing! 60% - Expect next generation will be worst off

36 Happiness Gap INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Italy US citizens ( probably typical of other countries) are happy with their lives, but they feel the threat of outside forces beyond their control (climate change, terrorism, credit crisis) and they are doubt of the government capability to handle them effectively There is a private-public happiness gap

37 Policy? INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Italy In this situation the demand on policymakers is to devise a policy to tackle with determination these large problems, but without touching the sphere of private satisfaction of the individual. Is it possible to define a policy addressing these demands?

38 Ottimisti INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Italy ma preoccupati

An Outlook on the Euro-Mediterranean Centre for Climate Change CMCC

An Outlook on the Euro-Mediterranean Centre for Climate Change CMCC An Outlook on the Euro-Mediterranean Centre for Climate Change CMCC Introduction to CMCC CMCC is the Italian Research Centre on Climate Science and Policy. Supported by the Italian Ministry for the Environment

More information

Ocean-Lab. Operational Oceanography Laboratory for coastal forecasting and on climate change impacts

Ocean-Lab. Operational Oceanography Laboratory for coastal forecasting and on climate change impacts Ocean-Lab Operational Oceanography Laboratory for coastal forecasting and on climate change impacts part of the ''Numerical Applications and Scenarios'' Division of Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti

More information

Post-graduate education on Climate Change at Ca Foscari University of Venice. Carlo Giupponi

Post-graduate education on Climate Change at Ca Foscari University of Venice. Carlo Giupponi Post-graduate education on Climate Change at Ca Foscari University of Venice Carlo Giupponi Where we are Ca Foscari University of Venice Established on August 6 th 1868 as a Royal Business College, Ca

More information

Italian approach to develop a National Adaptation Strategy: lessons learnt from other European efforts

Italian approach to develop a National Adaptation Strategy: lessons learnt from other European efforts Italian approach to develop a National Adaptation Strategy: lessons learnt from other European efforts ECCA Conference Session Adaptation strategies and planning - on national, regional Hamburg, March

More information

ChangE. PolICIEs. not the ClIMatE!

ChangE. PolICIEs. not the ClIMatE! ChangE PolICIEs not the ClIMatE! IPCC The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change s (IPCC) reports are the most comprehensive global overview to date of the science behind climate change. These climate

More information

Jessica Blunden, Ph.D., Scientist, ERT Inc., Climate Monitoring Branch, NOAA s National Climatic Data Center

Jessica Blunden, Ph.D., Scientist, ERT Inc., Climate Monitoring Branch, NOAA s National Climatic Data Center Kathryn Sullivan, Ph.D, Acting Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and NOAA Administrator Thomas R. Karl, L.H.D., Director,, and Chair of the Subcommittee on Global Change Research Jessica

More information

REGIONAL CLIMATE AND DOWNSCALING

REGIONAL CLIMATE AND DOWNSCALING REGIONAL CLIMATE AND DOWNSCALING Regional Climate Modelling at the Hungarian Meteorological Service ANDRÁS HORÁNYI (horanyi( horanyi.a@.a@met.hu) Special thanks: : Gabriella Csima,, Péter Szabó, Gabriella

More information

Observed Cloud Cover Trends and Global Climate Change. Joel Norris Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Observed Cloud Cover Trends and Global Climate Change. Joel Norris Scripps Institution of Oceanography Observed Cloud Cover Trends and Global Climate Change Joel Norris Scripps Institution of Oceanography Increasing Global Temperature from www.giss.nasa.gov Increasing Greenhouse Gases from ess.geology.ufl.edu

More information

Data Sets of Climate Science

Data Sets of Climate Science The 5 Most Important Data Sets of Climate Science Photo: S. Rahmstorf This presentation was prepared on the occasion of the Arctic Expedition for Climate Action, July 2008. Author: Stefan Rahmstorf, Professor

More information

Present trends and climate change projections for the Mediterranean region

Present trends and climate change projections for the Mediterranean region Present trends and climate change projections for the Mediterranean region Prof. Piero Lionello, piero.lionello@unile.it Science of Materials Department, University of Salento, Italy Plan of the talk:

More information

climate change is happening. This April produced the record for the first month in human history

climate change is happening. This April produced the record for the first month in human history Tsering Lama Occidental College 15 Climate Change, Renewable Energy, and the Hong Kong Connection In a literature review, 97% of climate scientists have concluded that anthropogenic climate change is happening.

More information

The weather effects everyday life. On a daily basis it can affect choices we make about whether to walk or take the car, what clothes we wear and

The weather effects everyday life. On a daily basis it can affect choices we make about whether to walk or take the car, what clothes we wear and Weather can have a big impact on our day-to-day lives. On longer timescales, climate influences where and how people live and the lifecycles of plants and animals. Evidence shows us that our climate is

More information

Climate Models: Uncertainties due to Clouds. Joel Norris Assistant Professor of Climate and Atmospheric Sciences Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Climate Models: Uncertainties due to Clouds. Joel Norris Assistant Professor of Climate and Atmospheric Sciences Scripps Institution of Oceanography Climate Models: Uncertainties due to Clouds Joel Norris Assistant Professor of Climate and Atmospheric Sciences Scripps Institution of Oceanography Global mean radiative forcing of the climate system for

More information

Keeping below 2 degrees

Keeping below 2 degrees Keeping below 2 degrees Avoiding dangerous climate change It is widely recognised that if the worst impacts of climate change are to be avoided then the average rise in the surface temperature of the Earth

More information

It s hard to avoid the word green these days.

It s hard to avoid the word green these days. Going green : Environmental jobs for scientists and engineers Alice Ramey Alice Ramey is an economist in the Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections, BLS. She is available at (202)

More information

Name Period 4 th Six Weeks Notes 2015 Weather

Name Period 4 th Six Weeks Notes 2015 Weather Name Period 4 th Six Weeks Notes 2015 Weather Radiation Convection Currents Winds Jet Streams Energy from the Sun reaches Earth as electromagnetic waves This energy fuels all life on Earth including the

More information

Climate Ready Tools & Resources

Climate Ready Tools & Resources August 2, 2013 Mission Statement To provide the water sector (drinking water, wastewater, and stormwater utilities) with the practical tools, training, and technical assistance needed to adapt to climate

More information

INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Italy CIRCE. Climate Change and Impact ResearCh: the Mediterranean Environment

INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Italy CIRCE. Climate Change and Impact ResearCh: the Mediterranean Environment INGV - Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - Italy CIRCE Climate Change and Impact ResearCh: the Mediterranean Environment Marmolada, inizio secolo CIRCE aims at developing for the first time

More information

Climate modelling. Dr. Heike Huebener Hessian Agency for Environment and Geology Hessian Centre on Climate Change

Climate modelling. Dr. Heike Huebener Hessian Agency for Environment and Geology Hessian Centre on Climate Change Hessisches Landesamt für Umwelt und Geologie Climate modelling Dr. Heike Huebener Hessian Agency for Environment and Geology Hessian Centre on Climate Change Climate: Definition Weather: momentary state

More information

The role of forcings in 20 th century North Atlan6c- Mediterranean decadal variability

The role of forcings in 20 th century North Atlan6c- Mediterranean decadal variability The role of forcings in 20 th century North Atlan6c- Mediterranean decadal variability Alessio Bellucci 1, A. Mario* 3, S. Gualdi 1,2 alessio.bellucci@cmcc.it 1. 1.e1. CMCC Centro Euro- Mediterraneo sui

More information

ANALYSIS OF US AND STATE-BY-STATE CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS AND POTENTIAL SAVINGS IN FUTURE GLOBAL TEMPERATURE AND GLOBAL SEA LEVEL RISE

ANALYSIS OF US AND STATE-BY-STATE CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS AND POTENTIAL SAVINGS IN FUTURE GLOBAL TEMPERATURE AND GLOBAL SEA LEVEL RISE ANALYSIS OF US AND STATE-BY-STATE CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS AND POTENTIAL SAVINGS IN FUTURE GLOBAL TEMPERATURE AND GLOBAL SEA LEVEL RISE by Paul Knappenberger SPPI ORIGINAL PAPER Updated April 2013 ANALYSIS

More information

Climate Change on the Prairie:

Climate Change on the Prairie: Climate Change on the Prairie: A Basic Guide to Climate Change in the High Plains Region - UPDATE Global Climate Change Why does the climate change? The Earth s climate has changed throughout history and

More information

Ruimtelijke planning in tijden van klimaatsverandering

Ruimtelijke planning in tijden van klimaatsverandering Ruimtelijke planning in tijden van klimaatsverandering Eric Koomen Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam/ Geodan Next Nascholingscursus Water, rivieren en GIS' 3 april 2008 Outline Climate change climate and land

More information

Chapter Overview. Seasons. Earth s Seasons. Distribution of Solar Energy. Solar Energy on Earth. CHAPTER 6 Air-Sea Interaction

Chapter Overview. Seasons. Earth s Seasons. Distribution of Solar Energy. Solar Energy on Earth. CHAPTER 6 Air-Sea Interaction Chapter Overview CHAPTER 6 Air-Sea Interaction The atmosphere and the ocean are one independent system. Earth has seasons because of the tilt on its axis. There are three major wind belts in each hemisphere.

More information

Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service

Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service Martin Suttie Martin.Suttie@ecmwf.int Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service Atmosphere Monitoring Service MISSION Supporting the European strategy "Living well within the boundaries of Turning our planet"

More information

Improving Dynamical Prediction of Seasonal Mean Monsoon & Extended Range Prediction of Active-Break Spells

Improving Dynamical Prediction of Seasonal Mean Monsoon & Extended Range Prediction of Active-Break Spells Annual Cycle Improving Dynamical Prediction of Seasonal Mean Monsoon & Extended Range Prediction of Active-Break Spells M Rajeevan National Atmospheric Research Laboratory, Gadanki Inputs: Dr Suryachandra

More information

RADIATION IN THE TROPICAL ATMOSPHERE and the SAHEL SURFACE HEAT BALANCE. Peter J. Lamb. Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies

RADIATION IN THE TROPICAL ATMOSPHERE and the SAHEL SURFACE HEAT BALANCE. Peter J. Lamb. Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies RADIATION IN THE TROPICAL ATMOSPHERE and the SAHEL SURFACE HEAT BALANCE by Peter J. Lamb Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies and School of Meteorology The University of Oklahoma

More information

Climate Change: A Local Focus on a Global Issue Newfoundland and Labrador Curriculum Links 2010-2011

Climate Change: A Local Focus on a Global Issue Newfoundland and Labrador Curriculum Links 2010-2011 Climate Change: A Local Focus on a Global Issue Newfoundland and Labrador Curriculum Links 2010-2011 HEALTH Kindergarten: Grade 1: Grade 2: Know that litter can spoil the environment. Grade 3: Grade 4:

More information

WHEREAS environmental stewardship is one of the City of Santa Monica s core

WHEREAS environmental stewardship is one of the City of Santa Monica s core City Council Meeting October 11 2011 Santa Monica California RESOLUTION NUMBER jotp 2 1 CCS City Council Series A RESOLUTION OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF SANTA MONICA IN SUPPORT OF REDUCING GREENHOUSE

More information

Understanding weather and climate

Understanding weather and climate Understanding weather and climate Weather can have a big impact on our day-to-day lives. On longer timescales, climate influences where and how people live and the lifecycles of plants and animals. Evidence

More information

Potential Climate Impact of Large-Scale Deployment of Renewable Energy Technologies. Chien Wang (MIT)

Potential Climate Impact of Large-Scale Deployment of Renewable Energy Technologies. Chien Wang (MIT) Potential Climate Impact of Large-Scale Deployment of Renewable Energy Technologies Chien Wang (MIT) 1. A large-scale installation of windmills Desired Energy Output: supply 10% of the estimated world

More information

Finding Ways to Postpone Climate Tipping Points Using Updated Metrics

Finding Ways to Postpone Climate Tipping Points Using Updated Metrics Finding Ways to Postpone Climate Tipping Points Using Updated Metrics Tobias Schultz, Manager of Environmental Sustainability Services Sustainable Silicon Valley Meet-Up July 7, 2015 SCS Global Services

More information

Groupwork CCS. Bio-Energy with CCS (BECCS) Platzhalter Logo/Schriftzug (Anpassung im Folienmaster: Menü «Ansicht» «Folienmaster»)

Groupwork CCS. Bio-Energy with CCS (BECCS) Platzhalter Logo/Schriftzug (Anpassung im Folienmaster: Menü «Ansicht» «Folienmaster») Groupwork CCS Bio-Energy with CCS (BECCS) group 5 02.05.2015 1 Content What is BECCS? Stakeholder Analysis Resources on Global scale SWOT analysis Climate BECCS Technology Conclusions Outlook group 5 02.05.2015

More information

Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS) Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S)

Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS) Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) Vincent-Henri Peuch ECMWF, Head of Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS) Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) European Centre for Medium-Range Weather

More information

What Causes Climate? Use Target Reading Skills

What Causes Climate? Use Target Reading Skills Climate and Climate Change Name Date Class Climate and Climate Change Guided Reading and Study What Causes Climate? This section describes factors that determine climate, or the average weather conditions

More information

Atmospheric Dynamics of Venus and Earth. Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics UCLA 2 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Atmospheric Dynamics of Venus and Earth. Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics UCLA 2 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Atmospheric Dynamics of Venus and Earth G. Schubert 1 and C. Covey 2 1 Department of Earth and Space Sciences Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics UCLA 2 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

More information

Tackling Climate Change in the U.S.

Tackling Climate Change in the U.S. Tackling Climate Change in the U.S. Potential Carbon Emissions Reductions from Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by 2030 Executive Summary Charles F. Kutscher, Ph.D., P.E. American Solar Energy Society

More information

II. Related Activities

II. Related Activities (1) Global Cloud Resolving Model Simulations toward Numerical Weather Forecasting in the Tropics (FY2005-2010) (2) Scale Interaction and Large-Scale Variation of the Ocean Circulation (FY2006-2011) (3)

More information

FP7 Collaborative Project Grant Agreement 212492

FP7 Collaborative Project Grant Agreement 212492 Instrument: SP1 Cooperation Thematic Priority: Priority Area 1.1.6.3 "Global Change and Ecosystems" FP7 Collaborative Project Grant Agreement 212492 CLARIS LPB and Impact Studies in La Plata Basin DELIVERABLES

More information

POTENTIAL IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON FLOODING IN WISCONSIN

POTENTIAL IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON FLOODING IN WISCONSIN POTENTIAL IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON FLOODING IN WISCONSIN Ken Potter and Zach Schuster Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering University of Wisconsin Madison, WI OUTLINE Typical flood scenarios

More information

CUBA CONFRONTING CLIMATE CHANGE

CUBA CONFRONTING CLIMATE CHANGE CUBA CONFRONTING CLIMATE CHANGE CUBA: Main Characteristics Total population: 11.2 millions Length of the Island of Cuba: 1,200 Km. Maximum Width: 191 Km. Minimum Width: 31 Km. More than 4,000 islands and

More information

6.4 Taigas and Tundras

6.4 Taigas and Tundras 6.4 Taigas and Tundras In this section, you will learn about the largest and coldest biomes on Earth. The taiga is the largest land biome and the tundra is the coldest. The taiga The largest land biome

More information

8.5 Comparing Canadian Climates (Lab)

8.5 Comparing Canadian Climates (Lab) These 3 climate graphs and tables of data show average temperatures and precipitation for each month in Victoria, Winnipeg and Whitehorse: Figure 1.1 Month J F M A M J J A S O N D Year Precipitation 139

More information

PRUEBAS DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD L.O.G.S.E. / L.O.C.E.

PRUEBAS DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD L.O.G.S.E. / L.O.C.E. PRUEBAS DE ACCESO A LA UNIVERSIDAD L.O.G.S.E. / L.O.C.E. CURSO 2004-2005 MATERIA: CONVOCATORIA INGLÉS GLOBAL WARMING 5 10 15 20 The scientific community has reached a strong consensus regarding global

More information

The role of Earth Observation Satellites to observe rainfall. Riko Oki National Space Development Agency of Japan

The role of Earth Observation Satellites to observe rainfall. Riko Oki National Space Development Agency of Japan The role of Earth Observation Satellites to observe rainfall Riko Oki National Space Development Agency of Japan Outline 1. Importance of rain measurement 2. TRMM and Its Achievements 3. Outline of GPM

More information

What the Heck are Low-Cloud Feedbacks? Takanobu Yamaguchi Rachel R. McCrary Anna B. Harper

What the Heck are Low-Cloud Feedbacks? Takanobu Yamaguchi Rachel R. McCrary Anna B. Harper What the Heck are Low-Cloud Feedbacks? Takanobu Yamaguchi Rachel R. McCrary Anna B. Harper IPCC Cloud feedbacks remain the largest source of uncertainty. Roadmap 1. Low cloud primer 2. Radiation and low

More information

Extreme Climate Change and policy responses

Extreme Climate Change and policy responses Extreme Climate Change and policy responses Holland Climate House event Saturday 12 December, Copenhagen Leo Meyer Key message: 2 There are risks that climate change may happen faster or have more severe

More information

EC-Earth: new global earth system model

EC-Earth: new global earth system model EC-Earth: new global earth system model Wilco Hazeleger Vincent v Gogh Global Climate Division/EC-Earth program KNMI, The Netherlands Amsterdam, December 2008 1 Amsterdam, December 2008 2 Observed climate

More information

Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change Answers

Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change Answers Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change Answers Section A: Climate 1. (a) Explain what each of the following means: (4 x 1 mark) (i) climate the average weather of an area over a 25 30 year period (ii) maritime

More information

Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Pros:

Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Pros: P a g e 1 Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Generating Electrical Energy Using Moving Water: Hydro-Electric Generation

More information

Chapter 3 Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems

Chapter 3 Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Section 1: Community Ecology Section 2: Terrestrial Biomes Section 3: Aquatic Ecosystems Click on a lesson name to select. 3.1 Community Ecology Communities A biological

More information

PMEL Press Releases and NOAA News Stories FY09- FY14

PMEL Press Releases and NOAA News Stories FY09- FY14 PMEL Press Releases and NOAA News Stories FY09- FY14 PMEL WIDE Oceanographer named to head NOAA s Seattle research laboratory http://www.noaanews.noaa.gov/stories2011/20111018_pmel.html CLIMATE THEME most

More information

The climate cooling potential of different geoengineering options

The climate cooling potential of different geoengineering options The climate cooling potential of different geoengineering options Tim Lenton & Naomi Vaughan (GEAR) initiative School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK www.gear.uea.ac.uk

More information

Preliminary advances in Climate Risk Management in China Meteorological Administration

Preliminary advances in Climate Risk Management in China Meteorological Administration Preliminary advances in Climate Risk Management in China Meteorological Administration Gao Ge Guayaquil,Ecuador, Oct.2011 Contents China Framework of Climate Service Experience in Climate/disaster risk

More information

SIXTH GRADE WEATHER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SIXTH GRADE WEATHER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES SIXTH GRADE WEATHER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES WATER CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SIXTH GRADE WATER WEEK 1. PRE: Evaluating components of the water cycle. LAB: Experimenting with porosity and permeability.

More information

Climate Change Impacts to the Water Environment: Thailand

Climate Change Impacts to the Water Environment: Thailand Climate Change Impacts to the Water Environment: Thailand Wijarn Simachaya, Ph.D Pollution Control Department Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment http://www.pcd.go.th 1 Overview of Presentation

More information

Roy W. Spencer 1. Search and Discovery Article #110117 (2009) Posted September 8, 2009. Abstract

Roy W. Spencer 1. Search and Discovery Article #110117 (2009) Posted September 8, 2009. Abstract AV Satellite Evidence against Global Warming Being Caused by Increasing CO 2 * Roy W. Spencer 1 Search and Discovery Article #110117 (2009) Posted September 8, 2009 *Adapted from oral presentation at AAPG

More information

Maybe you know about the Energy House.

Maybe you know about the Energy House. Plans and experiments for the Energy House can be found at Design Coalition s website at www.designcoalition.org Maybe you know about the Energy House. Here are some more ideas for leaning about the sun

More information

Spring 2014 California State University, Northridge. Understanding Global Warming

Spring 2014 California State University, Northridge. Understanding Global Warming Spring 2014 California State University, Northridge Understanding Global Warming Global Warming is Real The combined global land and ocean average surface temperature for January November 2013 was 0.62

More information

ENVIRONMENTAL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION: CLIMATE SYSTEM Vol. II - Low-Latitude Climate Zones and Climate Types - E.I. Khlebnikova

ENVIRONMENTAL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION: CLIMATE SYSTEM Vol. II - Low-Latitude Climate Zones and Climate Types - E.I. Khlebnikova LOW-LATITUDE CLIMATE ZONES AND CLIMATE TYPES E.I. Khlebnikova Main Geophysical Observatory, St. Petersburg, Russia Keywords: equatorial continental climate, ITCZ, subequatorial continental (equatorial

More information

Alpine Spring Festival

Alpine Spring Festival Alpine Spring Festival Bolzano 4 th 8 th March 2013 The impacts of climate change on hydrological cycle Bruno Majone & Alberto Bellin University of Trento Some Questions What do we understand by climate

More information

CEQ Draft Guidance for GHG Emissions and the Effects of Climate Change Committee on Natural Resources 13 May 2015

CEQ Draft Guidance for GHG Emissions and the Effects of Climate Change Committee on Natural Resources 13 May 2015 CEQ Draft Guidance for GHG Emissions and the Effects of Climate Change Committee on Natural Resources 13 May 2015 Testimony of John R. Christy University of Alabama in Huntsville. I am John R. Christy,

More information

defined largely by regional variations in climate

defined largely by regional variations in climate 1 Physical Environment: Climate and Biomes EVPP 110 Lecture Instructor: Dr. Largen Fall 2003 2 Climate and Biomes Ecosystem concept physical and biological components of environment are considered as single,

More information

ALPS - The Swiss Grand Challenge Programme on the Cray XT3. CUG 2007, Seattle Dominik Ulmer, CSCS

ALPS - The Swiss Grand Challenge Programme on the Cray XT3. CUG 2007, Seattle Dominik Ulmer, CSCS ALPS - The Swiss Grand Challenge Programme on the Cray XT3 CUG 2007, Seattle Dominik Ulmer, CSCS CSCS today Swiss National Supercomputing Centre, founded in 1991 as part of ETHZ. Since 2004, an autonomous

More information

Ms Chairman and distinguished guests,

Ms Chairman and distinguished guests, Ms Chairman and distinguished guests, On behalf of the Ministry of the Environment, I am honored to open this conference that brings together scientists, policymakers and civil society from the Barents

More information

The Future Impacts of Climate Change on Egyptian Population

The Future Impacts of Climate Change on Egyptian Population The Future Impacts of Climate Change on Egyptian Population by Khaled El-Sayed Hassan Economic Demographer and Statistical Expert, Egyptian Society for Migration Studies Ph.D. in Managerial Economy, Sadat

More information

Pay Later: The Cost of Inaction. Climate change will have a negative impact on many of the industries that 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 5.

Pay Later: The Cost of Inaction. Climate change will have a negative impact on many of the industries that 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 5. FACTS CONNECTICUT A M E R I C A N S E C U R I T Y P R O J E C T Pay Now, Pay Later: Connecticut The Environmental Protection Agency estimates that the cost of protecting Connecticut s coast from the potential

More information

Tsukuba Communiqué. G7 Science and Technology Ministers Meeting in Tsukuba, Ibaraki 15-17 May 2016

Tsukuba Communiqué. G7 Science and Technology Ministers Meeting in Tsukuba, Ibaraki 15-17 May 2016 Tsukuba Communiqué G7 Science and Technology Ministers Meeting in Tsukuba, Ibaraki 15-17 May 2016 Introduction We, the Science and Technology Ministers of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United

More information

ERMES. Monitoring of radon in geogas at the Gran Sasso National Laboratory

ERMES. Monitoring of radon in geogas at the Gran Sasso National Laboratory ERMES. Monitoring of radon in geogas at the Gran Sasso National Laboratory G. De Luca a and W. Plastino b a Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV) Centro Nazionale Terremoti (CNT), Via di

More information

SOUTH EAST EUROPE TRANSNATIONAL CO-OPERATION PROGRAMME

SOUTH EAST EUROPE TRANSNATIONAL CO-OPERATION PROGRAMME SOUTH EAST EUROPE TRANSNATIONAL CO-OPERATION PROGRAMME 3 rd Call for Proposals Terms of reference Climate Change Adaptation: assessing vulnerabilities and risks and translating them to implementation actions

More information

Report to 8 th session of OOPC. By Dr. Alan R. Thomas, Director, GCOS Secretariat

Report to 8 th session of OOPC. By Dr. Alan R. Thomas, Director, GCOS Secretariat Report to 8 th session of OOPC By Dr. Alan R. Thomas, Director, GCOS Secretariat The GCOS is comprised of the climate components of the domain based observing systems including both satellite and in situ

More information

The atmosphere has a number of gases, often in tiny amounts, which trap the heat given out by the Earth.

The atmosphere has a number of gases, often in tiny amounts, which trap the heat given out by the Earth. The Earth is wrapped in a blanket of air called the atmosphere, which is made up of several layers of gases. The sun is much hotter than the Earth and it gives off rays of heat (radiation) that travel

More information

It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2015 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Montessori Model United Nations. All rights reserved.

It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2015 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Montessori Model United Nations. All rights reserved. Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2015 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. The following pages intend to guide you in the research of the topics that will be debated at MMUN

More information

Nigel Bayliff CEO, Huawei Marine Networks. Committed to connecting the world

Nigel Bayliff CEO, Huawei Marine Networks. Committed to connecting the world Developing a Global Ocean Network of Green Telecommunication Cables Hosting Mini-Observatories Professor David Meldrum Vice Chair, JCOMM, Scottish Marine Inst Nigel Bayliff CEO, Huawei Marine Networks

More information

Egypt & Climate Change

Egypt & Climate Change Egypt & Climate Change Eng. Ahmed El Gohary Advisor to the Egyptian Minister of Investment OECD - Paris April - 2010 1 Egypt Area : about 1.2 million km 2 Capital : Cairo Total population: about 84.5 millions

More information

Costs of Global Warming for Alaska s Public Infrastructure

Costs of Global Warming for Alaska s Public Infrastructure Costs of Global Warming for Alaska s Public Infrastructure CONTEXT A warming climate results in: Thawing ground Undermining foundations of buildings, roads and runways Retreating sea ice Increasing coastal

More information

Hanover Declaration Local Action Driving Transformation

Hanover Declaration Local Action Driving Transformation Hanover Declaration Local Action Driving Transformation 1 National Governments: Build upon local authority climate leadership! The International Conference on Climate Action 2015 (ICCA2015) showed that

More information

A Warming Arctic: Regional Drama with Global Consequences

A Warming Arctic: Regional Drama with Global Consequences A Warming Arctic: Regional Drama with Global Consequences Norway: Temperature in March was 3,8 C above the normal, 4th highest since 1900 Monthly precipitation for Norway was 120 % above the normal Temperaturein

More information

Technology Implications of an Instrumented Planet presented at IFIP WG 10.4 Workshop on Challenges and Directions in Dependability

Technology Implications of an Instrumented Planet presented at IFIP WG 10.4 Workshop on Challenges and Directions in Dependability Technology Implications of an Instrumented Planet presented at IFIP WG 10.4 Workshop on Challenges and Directions in Dependability Nick Bowen Colin Harrison IBM June 2008 1 Background Global Technology

More information

South Africa. General Climate. UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles. A. Karmalkar 1, C. McSweeney 1, M. New 1,2 and G. Lizcano 1

South Africa. General Climate. UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles. A. Karmalkar 1, C. McSweeney 1, M. New 1,2 and G. Lizcano 1 UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles South Africa A. Karmalkar 1, C. McSweeney 1, M. New 1,2 and G. Lizcano 1 1. School of Geography and Environment, University of Oxford. 2. Tyndall Centre for Climate

More information

Maurizio Maugeri maurizio.maugeri@unimi.it Università degli Studi di Milano Dip. Fisica

Maurizio Maugeri maurizio.maugeri@unimi.it Università degli Studi di Milano Dip. Fisica Natural risk management in a changing climate: Experiences in Adaption Strategies from some European Projects Milan December 14th 2011 Adaption to climate change: knowledge for action Maurizio Maugeri

More information

Which of the following can be determined based on this model? The atmosphere is the only reservoir on Earth that can store carbon in any form. A.

Which of the following can be determined based on this model? The atmosphere is the only reservoir on Earth that can store carbon in any form. A. Earth s Cycles 1. Models are often used to explain scientific knowledge or experimental results. A model of the carbon cycle is shown below. Which of the following can be determined based on this model?

More information

Tool for Regional scale assessment of groundwater Storage improvement in adaptation to climate change

Tool for Regional scale assessment of groundwater Storage improvement in adaptation to climate change EUROPE-INBO 2012 10th International Conference Istanbul - Turkey, 17-19 October 2012 Tool for Regional scale assessment of groundwater Storage improvement in adaptation to climate change TRUST Team : Autorità

More information

Fundamentals of Climate Change (PCC 587): Water Vapor

Fundamentals of Climate Change (PCC 587): Water Vapor Fundamentals of Climate Change (PCC 587): Water Vapor DARGAN M. W. FRIERSON UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON, DEPARTMENT OF ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES DAY 2: 9/30/13 Water Water is a remarkable molecule Water vapor

More information

Ecosystem change and landsurface-cloud

Ecosystem change and landsurface-cloud Ecosystem change and landsurface-cloud coupling Alan K. Betts Atmospheric Research, akbetts@aol.com Congress on Climate Change 8)Earth System Feedbacks and Carbon Sequestration Copenhagen, March 10, 2009

More information

Climate of Illinois Narrative Jim Angel, state climatologist. Introduction. Climatic controls

Climate of Illinois Narrative Jim Angel, state climatologist. Introduction. Climatic controls Climate of Illinois Narrative Jim Angel, state climatologist Introduction Illinois lies midway between the Continental Divide and the Atlantic Ocean, and the state's southern tip is 500 miles north of

More information

Copyright www.agileload.com 1

Copyright www.agileload.com 1 Copyright www.agileload.com 1 INTRODUCTION Performance testing is a complex activity where dozens of factors contribute to its success and effective usage of all those factors is necessary to get the accurate

More information

Empowering Local Clean Energy Action FEDERAL POLICY AGENDA FOR 2011

Empowering Local Clean Energy Action FEDERAL POLICY AGENDA FOR 2011 Empowering Local Clean Energy Action FEDERAL POLICY AGENDA FOR 2011 L ocal government leadership is essential for America to achieve energy independence, renew economic prosperity and protect the environment.

More information

REDUCTION OF THE ECONOMIC-FINANCIAL EXPOSURE OF THE STATE AND PROTECTION OF HUMAN LIVES

REDUCTION OF THE ECONOMIC-FINANCIAL EXPOSURE OF THE STATE AND PROTECTION OF HUMAN LIVES REDUCTION OF THE ECONOMIC-FINANCIAL EXPOSURE OF THE STATE AND PROTECTION OF HUMAN LIVES Models for the prevention and mitigation of damages to people and properties through an insurance coverage PRESENTATION

More information

FACTS ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE

FACTS ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE FACTS ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE 1. What is climate change? Climate change is a long-term shift in the climate of a specific location, region or planet. The shift is measured by changes in features associated

More information

Key Idea 2: Ecosystems

Key Idea 2: Ecosystems Key Idea 2: Ecosystems Ecosystems An ecosystem is a living community of plants and animals sharing an environment with non-living elements such as climate and soil. An example of a small scale ecosystem

More information

Chapter 18 Introduction to. A f r i c a

Chapter 18 Introduction to. A f r i c a Chapter 18 Introduction to A f r i c a Ch. 18:1 Landforms & Resources 1. Africa s shape & landforms are the result of its location in the southern part of the ancient supercontinent of. Pangaea Over thousands

More information

CHAPTER 5 Lectures 10 & 11 Air Temperature and Air Temperature Cycles

CHAPTER 5 Lectures 10 & 11 Air Temperature and Air Temperature Cycles CHAPTER 5 Lectures 10 & 11 Air Temperature and Air Temperature Cycles I. Air Temperature: Five important factors influence air temperature: A. Insolation B. Latitude C. Surface types D. Coastal vs. interior

More information

Improving Hydrological Predictions

Improving Hydrological Predictions Improving Hydrological Predictions Catherine Senior MOSAC, November 10th, 2011 How well do we simulate the water cycle? GPCP 10 years of Day 1 forecast Equatorial Variability on Synoptic scales (2-6 days)

More information

climate science A SHORT GUIDE TO This is a short summary of a detailed discussion of climate change science.

climate science A SHORT GUIDE TO This is a short summary of a detailed discussion of climate change science. A SHORT GUIDE TO climate science This is a short summary of a detailed discussion of climate change science. For more information and to view the full report, visit royalsociety.org/policy/climate-change

More information

Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Test 2 f14 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Carbon cycles through the Earth system. During photosynthesis, carbon is a. released from wood

More information

Graphing Sea Ice Extent in the Arctic and Antarctic

Graphing Sea Ice Extent in the Arctic and Antarctic Graphing Sea Ice Extent in the Arctic and Antarctic Summary: Students graph sea ice extent (area) in both polar regions (Arctic and Antarctic) over a three-year period to learn about seasonal variations

More information

Europass Curriculum Vitae

Europass Curriculum Vitae Europass Curriculum Vitae Personal information First name(s) / Surname(s) Address(es) Francesco BOSELLO Università Degli Studi di Milano Telephone(s) +39 02 50321147 Mobile: Fax(es) E-mail francesco.bosello@unimi.it

More information

PRIZE WINNING ENTRY (FIRST PRIZE) IN ICAR NATIONAL ESSAY COMPETITION FOR SCHOOL CHILDREN 2007. Global Climatic Changes & Its Effect on Agriculture

PRIZE WINNING ENTRY (FIRST PRIZE) IN ICAR NATIONAL ESSAY COMPETITION FOR SCHOOL CHILDREN 2007. Global Climatic Changes & Its Effect on Agriculture PRIZE WINNING ENTRY (FIRST PRIZE) IN ICAR NATIONAL ESSAY COMPETITION FOR SCHOOL CHILDREN 2007 Global Climatic Changes & Its Effect on Agriculture by ZARIN A S, CLASS XII D Model Technical Higher Sec. School,

More information

Expert Panel Assessment. Snowy Precipitation Enhancement Trial (SPET) Executive Summary

Expert Panel Assessment. Snowy Precipitation Enhancement Trial (SPET) Executive Summary Expert Panel Assessment Snowy Precipitation Enhancement Trial (SPET) Executive Summary In Summary Snowy Hydro Ltd proposes to undertake a six year cloud seeding trial in the Snowy Mountains region of New

More information