CIDOC CRM and artefact provenance

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1 CIDOC CRM and artefact provenance Christian-Emil Ore University of Oslo, Norway Santiago, Chile, September 2009

2 CIDOC CRM and artefact provenance INTRODUCTION

3 Agenda Introduction Information integration an example The hierarchy for information integration Event centric modelling Provenance as a series of events Conclusions Thank You

4 Aims On completion of the course you will:- Know the basics of the challenge of information integration the basics of event oriented modelling how to model provenance as a series of events CIDOC CRM as a event centric modelling tool

5 CIDOC CRM and artefact provenance INFORMATION INTEGRATION AN EXAMPLE

6 Agenda Introduction Information integration an example Event centric modelling The hierarchy for information integration Provenance as a series of events Conclusions Thank You

7 Cultural Information Diversity Cultural information covers many domains: Collection description (art, archeology, natural history) Archives and literature (records, treaties, letters, artful works..) Administration, preservation, conservation of material heritage Ownership, provenance, Science and scholarship investigation, interpretation Presentation exhibition making, teaching, publication How to integrate? Identify the entities: institutions, persons, places, artefacts, Formalize and store the contextual information 7

8 Historical Archives acc. M.Doerr Type: Text Title: Protocol of Proceedings of Crimea Conference Title.Subtitle: II. Declaration of Liberated Europe Date: February 11, 1945 Creator: The Premier of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom The President of the United States of America Publisher: State Department Subject: Postwar division of Europe and Japan Metadata About Documents The following declaration has been approved: The Premier of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and the President of the United States of America have consulted with each other in the common interests of the people of their countries and those of liberated Europe. They jointly declare their mutual agreement to concert.and to ensure that Germany will never again be able to disturb the peace of the world

9 Images, non-verbose Type: Image Title: Allied Leaders at Yalta Date: 1945 Publisher: United Press International (UPI) Source: The Bettmann Archive Copyright: Corbis References: Churchill, Roosevelt, Stalin Photos, Persons Metadata About acc. M.Doerr 9

10 Places and Objects TGN Id: Names: Yalta (C,V), Jalta (C,V) Types: inhabited place(c), city (C) Position: Lat: N,Long: E Hierarchy: Europe (continent) < Ukrayina (nation) < Krym (autonomous republic) Note: Site of conference between Allied powers in WW II in 1945;. Source: TGN, Thesaurus of Geographic Names Places, Objects About acc. M.Doerr Title: Yalta, Crimean Peninsula Publisher: Kurgan-Lisnet Source: Liaison Agency 10

11 The Integration Problem (1) Problem 1- Identity: Actors, Roles, proper names: The Premier of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Places Allied leader, Allied power Joseph Stalin. Jalta, Yalta Krym, Crimea Events Crimea Conference, Allied Leaders at Yalta, conference between Allied powers Postwar division Objects and Documents: The photo, the agreement text

12 Integration of Historical Archives Solution to Problem 1, identity: Local Vocabulary control local authorities (thesauri, gazetteers) e.g. Conference 1: Yalta Conference, Crimea Conference Global Authorities e.g. TGN id Connect all local authorities to global ones Authorities must be rich in synonyms distinct attributes for identification (e.g. geo-coordinates) Persistent collection identifiers history of all identifiers

13 The Integration Problem (2) Problem 2- hidden entities (typically title ): Actors Allied leader, Allied power Places Yalta, Crimea Events Crimea Conference, Allied Leaders at Yalta, conference between Allied powers Postwar division 13

14 Explicit Events & Object Identity E39 Actor E39 Actor E52 Time-Span February 1945 P82 at some time within E7 Activity Crimea Conference P86 falls within E53 Place E38 Image E39 Actor acc. M.Doerr E65 Creation Event * P81 ongoing throughout E52 Time-Span E31 Document Yalta Agreement 14

15 The CIDOC CRM Top-level classes useful for integration E55 Types refer to / refine E28 Conceptual Objects E39 Actors E18 Physical Thing participate in affect or / refer to location E2 Temporal Entities E52 Time-Spans at E53 Places

16 CIDOC CRM and artefact provenance THE HIERARCHY FOR INFORMATION INTEGRATION

17 Agenda Introduction Information integration an example The hierarchy for information integration Event centric modelling Provenance as a series of events Conclusions Thank You

18 The hierarchy for data integration Examples from the CIDOC CRM formal definition The E2 Temporal Entity Hierarchy The Participation Properties The E70 Thing Hierarchy

19 The CIDOC CRM The E2 Temporal Entity Hierarchy Generalization Specialization

20 The CIDOC CRM The Participation Properties Generalization Specialization

21 The CIDOC CRM E70 Thing material immaterial Generalization Specialization

22 CIDOC CRM and artefact provenance EVENT CENTRIC MODELLING

23 Agenda Introduction Information integration an example The hierarchy for information integration Event centric modelling Provenance as a series of events Conclusions Thank You

24 An everyday example relations between event, place and persons E55 Type wedding E5 Event E53 Place E55 Type Best man P14.1 In the role of P14 Participating E55 Type groom P14.1 In the role of E55 Type bride E21 Person E21 Person E21 Person Best man to Spouces

25 Historical events as meetings t Brutus Caesar s mother Caesar Brutus dagger coherence volume of Caesar s death coherence volume of Caesar s birth S

26 Examples from Natural History Event centric analysis Collecting of specimens Field observations The interpretation by an artist

27 Collecting Person (Actor) performed carried out by Activity (Event) has type is type of is identified by identifies has type is type of Collector Appellation collecting took place at witnessed has time span is time span of Place (of coll.) Time-span is identified by identifies is identified by identifies begins at ends at Note: Collecting events affect specimens (E20 Biological object) Place name Spatial coordinates Time primitive Time primitive Acc. K.H.Lampe

28 Observation Person (Actor) has type is type of Observer performed carried out by Activity (Event) is identified by identifies has type is type of Appellation observing took place at witnessed Place (of coll.) is identified by identifies is identified by identifies Place name Spatial coordinates begins at Time primitive has time span Time-span is time span of ends at Time primitive Note: Obsering events are documented as diary notes, inventory lists (E31 document) Acc. K.H.Lampe

29 Interpretation by an artist Person (Actor) has type is type of Painter performed carried out by is identified by identifies Appellation Activity (Event) has type is type of painting Wang Yani took place at witnessed Place (of coll.) is identified by identifies is identified by identifies Place name Spatial coordinates has time span is time span of Time-span begins at ends at Time primitive Time primitive Note: Painting events create visual items (E73 Information object) Acc. K.H.Lampe

30 CIDOC CRM and artefact provenance PROVENANCE AS A SERIES OF EVENTS

31 Agenda Introduction Information integration an example The hierarchy for information integration Event centric modelling Provenance as a series of events Conclusions Thank You

32 The history of a parchment folio The leaf from the Kringla manuscript European digital library record: Creator: Sturluson, Snorri Title: Kringla leaf Library: Landsbókasafn Íslands Háskólabókasafn Shelfnumber: Manuscript Department: Lbs fragment Document type: Manuscript Subject: History

33 The Journey of Kringla manuscript

34 Kringla provenance written A collection of kings' sagas written in Iceland around 1225 by the poet and historian Snorri Sturluson ( ) 1260 the Kringla manuscript were written containing the sagas and other material. In the 16th c. the Kringla-manuscript was in Bergen, Norway Used along with other manuscripts by the priest Peder Clausson Friis in the first printed edition of Kringlaheimsins (1530) Around 1600 the Kringla-manuscript was moved to University Library in Copenhagen The Icelandic Jón Eggertsson ( ), a illicit trader in Medieval Icelandic manuscripts, copied the Kringla-manuscript for the Swedish king, removed a folio (Kringla leaf). The copy (Holm. Papp. 18 fol) together with the folio as a quality proof was sent to the Royal Library in Stockholm, Sweden. Around 1700 the Kringla-manuscript was sent to the Icelandic Tormod Torfæus in Karmøy, Norway and copied by his assistant Ásgeir Jónsson. The copies are known as AM 35, AM36, AM63 and are used for all modern edition of the sagas. Beginning of 18 th c. the Kringla-manuscript was returned to Copenhagen 1728 The Kringla manuscript was lost in the great fire of Copenhagen End 19 th c. the Kringla leaf in the Royal Library, Stockholm was identified to be a part of Kringla manuscript 1975 the Kringla leaf was given to Iceland by the Swedish king Karl Gustav Now in the Icelandic National Library (Lbs. fragm. 82) as the only known remaining part of the Kringla manuscript.

35 Kringla provenance 1 E55 Type Velum, codex P2 has type E73 Information Object Content of the texts P128 carries E84 Information Carrier Kringla manuscript P25 moved P94 has created E65 Creation P108 produced Conception and writing E12 Production Writing, illumination binding, 1260 E9 Move E10 Transfer of Custody E8 Acquisition P14 carried of by E21 Person Snorri Sturluson ( ) P7 Took place at E53 Place Iceland P27 moved from P26 moved to E53 Place Bergen, Norway P12 was present at E65 Creation The printed edition1530 P7 took place at P14 carried of by E21 Person Peder Clausson P25 moved E9 Move E10 Transfer of Custody E8 Acquisition P27 moved from P26 moved to E53 Place Copenhagen, Denmark

36 Kringla provenance 2 P108 produced P14 carried of by E84 Information Carrier Kringla leaf and the Holm. Papp. 18 fol. E12 Production Event Copying of the Kringla, removal of a leaf E21 Person Jón Eggertsson ( ) P7 took place at P31 has modified E9 Move E10 Transfer of Custody P27 moved from E53 Place Copenhagen, Denmark E84 Information Carrier Kringla Manuscript P25 moved P12 was present at P26 moved to E53 Place Karmøy, Norway P14 carried of by E84 Information Carrier AM 35, AM 36, AM 63 P94 has created E12 Production The copying of Kringla E21 Person Ásgeir Jónsson P25 moved E9 Move E10 Transfer of Custody P27 moved from P13 destroyed P26 moved to E6 Destruction P10 falls within E5 Event The Great fire in Copenhagen 1728

37 Kringla provenance 3 E84 Information Carrier Kringla leaf and the Holm. Papp. 18 fol. P25 Moved E9 Move E10 Transfer of Custody P27 moved from E53 Place Copenhagen, Denmark P46 forms part of P26 moved to E53 Place Stockholm E84 Information Carrier Kringla leaf P25 Moved P138 represents E9 Move E10 Transfer of Custody E8 Acquisition 1975 P27 moved from P26 moved to E53 Place Iceland P62 depicts P128 carries E84 Information Carrier Color slide E65 Creation photographing P94 has created E36 Visual Item Image of the Kringla leaf E84 Information Carrier Jpg file on a disk P94 has created E12 Production digitization P128 carries

38 CIDOC CRM and artefact provenance Conclusion

39 Agenda Introduction Information integration an example The hierarchy for information integration Event centric modelling Provenance as a series of events Conclusions Thank You

40 Summing up CIDOC CRM Coherently integrates information at varying degrees of detail Designed for mediation of cultural heritage information Enables story telling / provenance of cultural objects Supports all information categories suggested by ObjectID Formal ontology supports deduction systems e.g. investigation databases

41 Information integration Summing up View the contextual information as first class objects Add provenance to your database system Keep track of the events your object has been involved in Link your objects to accepted authorities vocabulars Use CIDOC CRM derivatives like MuseumDat to exchange your information

42 More information: CIDOC CRM

43 Thank You Contact details: - CIDOC web site:- cidoc.icom.museum I would like to thank CIDOC ICOM

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