The Broader Societal Benefits of Higher Education

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The Broader Societal Benefits of Higher Education"

Transcription

1 Authored for the Solutions for Our Future Project by Alisa Cunningham, Director of Research for the Institute for Higher Education Policy, Washington, D.C. All of society benefits when more people have college educations. The most widely recognized gains from postsecondary education are the economic benefits that individual graduates receive in terms of greater lifetime income. But it isn t just the individuals who have gone to college who benefit; the larger society also gains. Not only do graduates pay more taxes on their typically higher incomes, but they also tend to have better health, rely less on government social programs, are less likely to be incarcerated, and are more likely to engage in civic activities. In fact, each type of benefit leads to others, producing a cascade of benefits from postsecondary education. Many studies underestimate the benefits of higher education because they do not include the societal benefits. In fact, analysts estimate that the standard rate-of-return projections used to measure the benefits of increased learning may capture only three-fifths of the full value of education. Even if some portion of the societal benefits can be attributed to characteristics of the people who tend to enroll in postsecondary institutions in the first place, higher education produces impacts beyond those that would be predicted. Societal Benefits Some of the broader benefits produced by college educated citizens are relatively easy to quantify; others are more subjective but equally or even more important. Quantifiable social benefits include many that are related to the economic advantages enjoyed by college graduates. Along with higher income, people with more education tend to have more leisure time, better health/life expectancy, better outcomes for their children, and improved quality of life in general. For example: They are more likely to have jobs that provide health insurance and retirement benefits than workers without college educations. As a result, they have better access to preventative health care, leading to longer and healthier lives. 2 Even within income groups, individuals with more education report that they are in excellent or very good health. 3 These healthier lives in turn lead to reduced public spending on these individuals in social programs, thus reducing the cost of government. Estimates suggest that the government spends between $800 and $2,000 per year less on social programs (including unemployment compensation, Medicare and Medicaid, food programs, welfare, and other social programs) for 30-year-old college graduates than for high school graduates, taking into account gender and race/ethnicity. 4 College graduates are statistically more likely to have healthy children and to be involved with their children s education both inside and outside of school. For instance, more than 90 percent of preschoolers whose mothers are college graduates are read to at least three times a week, compared to 76 percent of their counterparts whose mothers are high school graduates. (See chart below.) College graduates are also less likely to have illegitimate births. 6 The incarceration rate for adults with at least some postsecondary education is about a quarter of that for individuals whose highest educational attainment is a high school diploma. Nationwide, the average prison cost per inmate in 2001 was $22,650 a rate that more than doubled between 1986 and Haveman and Wolfe Joint Economic Committee 2000 Baum and Payea 2004, Page 18, Figure 9a. 4 Baum and Payea College Board 6 Wolfe and Zuvekas, Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2004.

2 Family activities and cognitive skills of preschoolers, by mother s education level, 1999 By income and education level, % 40% 46% 65% 62% 67% 73% 67% 74% 80% 40 49% 57% 20 0 Read to more than 3 times per week Counts to 20 Writes name Less than HS HS diploma Some college BA or higher Percentage of US population 25 and older who reported ever volunteering for or through an organization 2004, by educational attainment 40 36% 30 3% 20 2% 10 2% 0 Less than High School High School diploma Some college BA or higher

3 Percentage of adults reporting excellent or very good health By income and education level, % 80% 60% 40% 30% 40% 46% 65% 39% 50% 58% 72% 49% 62% 67% 73% 57% 67% 74% 80% 6% 7% 77% 83% 20% 0% < $20,000 $20,000-$34,999 $35,000-$54,999 $55,000-$74,999 > $75,000 Less than HS HS diploma Some college BA or higher Note: Based on adults 25 and older. Source: Baum and Payea, 2004.

4 Civic Learning Outcomes Harder to quantify, but arguably just as important or even more so than easily measurable benefits, are the civic learning outcomes of a college education. Public and independent colleges and universities have civic education embedded within their educational missions. One of their goals is the broad-based education of students to be effective and engaged citizens in our democratic society, and to be good citizens in our increasingly international world. Civic learning outcomes from higher education are difficult to document, but they are one of the most important social and civic contributions our colleges and universities provide to our society. Research indicates that college education promotes civic engagement, including participation in community service, voting in local and national elections, and increased understanding of other racial and ethnic groups. 8 In 2004, 36 percent of people age 25 and older with a bachelor s degree or higher reported having volunteered to perform some type of community service, compared to 21 percent of people whose highest level of education was a high school diploma. 9 (See chart above.) In a measure of civic participation, 76 percent of bachelor s degree recipients aged 25 and older reported voting in the 2000 presidential election, compared to 56 of those with simply a high school diploma. 10 Among people age 65 to 74, only 56 percent of people without a high school diploma vote as compared to 96 percent of people with a bachelor s degree or higher. 11 Educational attainment has significant spillover effects on voter awareness of public events, stemming from more frequent reading of newspapers and journals, and increased awareness of community issues such as schools, city and county council activities, and state and local tax policies. 12 The rapid changes in technology, the changing nature of work, and the demographic changes affecting the fabric of our society all require interpersonal and social capacities of citizens and workers. This means education needs to produce individuals who are able to work collaboratively in ethnically and culturally diverse environments. National research on civic learning outcomes remains somewhat sparse; however, there are several studies that document in consistent and compelling ways the contributions of college education to the social and civic qualities of graduates. National research on the interpersonal, psychological, and broader behavioral outcomes of college shows a positive relationship between college attendance and a range of desirable social and civic capacities, including capacity for independence; less tendency toward authoritarianism, dogmatism, and ethnocentrism; growth in principled moral reasoning; interest in service to others; and interest in current affairs and domestic and foreign politics. Research has shown that college graduates are more likely than other individuals to display such traits as active thinking processes reflective of a more complex, less automatic mode of thought; a broad range of intellectual and academic skills; motivation to participate in activities that affect society and the political structure, as well as to participate in community service; motivation to engage in activities that promote racial understanding; and belief that basic values are common across racial and ethnic categories. 13 Of course, people from all educational and economic levels can and do live committed, moral, engaged lives, and contribute to their communities in a wide variety of ways. However, individuals who have had the opportunity to go to college have a greater probability of having the resources to develop into productive and engaged citizens. 8 Wellman Institute for Higher Education Policy Institute for Higher Education Policy Baum and Payea 2004, Page 23, Figure 14a; Dee Dee Gurin, 1999.

5 References Association of Community College Trustees (ACCT) and CCBenefits Washington, DC. Astin, Alexander, Measurement and Determinants of the Outputs of Higher Education Baum, Sandy and Payea, Kathleen Education Pays 2004: The Benefits of Higher Education for Individuals and Society. Washington, DC: College Board. Behrman, Jere and Barbara Wolfe How Does Mother s Schooling Affect Family Health, Nutrition Medical Care Usage, and Household Sanitation? Journal of Econometrics. Vol 36, pp As cited in Wolfe and Zuvekas Behrman, Jere, David L. Crawford, and Nevzer Stacey Conclusion. In Berhman, Jere R. and Nevzer Stacey (eds.), The Social Benefits of Education. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. Bureau of Justice Statistics, State Prison Expenditures 2001, June De Walque, Damien Education, Information, and Smoking Decisions. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3362, July. Dee, Thomas S Are there Civic Returns to Education? Journal of Public Economics. Vol 88, pp Grossman, Michael and Robert Kaestner Effects of Education on Health. In Berhman, Jere R. and Nevzer Stacey (eds.), The Social Benefits of Education. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. Grossman, Michael The Correlation Between Health and Schooling. In Nestor E. Terleckyj (ed.), Household Production and Consumption. New York, NY: National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER). Cited in Joint Economic Committee 2000 and Grossman and Kaestner Gurin, Patricia, The Compelling Need for Diversity in Higher Education. Ann Arbor, University of Michigan, January ( Haveman, Robert H. and Barbara L. Wolfe Education and Economic Well-Being: The Role of Non-Market Effects. Journal of Human Resources. Vol. 19, No. 3, pp Institute for Higher Education Policy The Investment Payoff: A 50-State Analysis of the Public and Private Benefits of Higher Education. Washington, DC: IHEP. Joint Economic Committee, United States Congress Investment in Education: Private and Public Returns. January. Pascarella, Ernest T., and Patrick T. Terenzini, eds., How College Affects Students: Findings and Insights from Twenty Years of Research. San Francisco, Jossey-Bass, Wellman, Jane Contributing to the Civic Good: Assessing and Accounting for the Civic Contributions of Higher Education. Washington, DC: Institute for Higher Education Policy, Ford Foundation, and The Education Resources Institute. Wolfe, Barbara and Samuel Zuvekas Nonmarket Outcomes of Schooling. Discussion Paper Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Chapter VI: Public Benefits of Higher Education

Chapter VI: Public Benefits of Higher Education ` Chapter VI: Public Benefits of Higher Education ` Higher education opens the door to more jobs in today s economy The number of jobs requiring higher levels of education has increased substantially,

More information

The Benefits of Higher Education

The Benefits of Higher Education UNIVERSITY LEADERSHIP COUNCIL The Benefits of Higher Education January 23, 2008 Analyst Diana Wardell Consultant Jennifer Yarrish Sections Included: I. Overview II. Supporting data III. Additional resources

More information

Trends in Higher Education Series. Education Pays. The Benefits of Higher Education for Individuals and Society. Sandy Baum and Jennifer Ma

Trends in Higher Education Series. Education Pays. The Benefits of Higher Education for Individuals and Society. Sandy Baum and Jennifer Ma Trends in Higher Education Series Education Pays The Benefits of Higher Education for Individuals and Society 2007 Sandy Baum and Jennifer Ma Executive Summary Students who attend institutions of higher

More information

Education Pays 2004. The Benefits of Higher Education for Individuals and Society. Trends in Higher Education Series. Sandy Baum and Kathleen Payea

Education Pays 2004. The Benefits of Higher Education for Individuals and Society. Trends in Higher Education Series. Sandy Baum and Kathleen Payea Education Pays 2004 The Benefits of Higher Education for Individuals and Society Trends in Higher Education Series Sandy Baum and Kathleen Payea Revised Edition, 2005 www.collegeboard.com Education Pays

More information

Lifetime Value of a College Degree

Lifetime Value of a College Degree Lifetime Value of a College Degree February 23, 2006 Utah Foundation s December 2005 report entitled What is a college degree worth? found that many Utah college graduates are earning less than $30,000

More information

High School Dropouts in Chicago and Illinois: The Growing Labor Market, Income, Civic, Social and Fiscal Costs of Dropping Out of High School

High School Dropouts in Chicago and Illinois: The Growing Labor Market, Income, Civic, Social and Fiscal Costs of Dropping Out of High School High School Dropouts in Chicago and Illinois: The Growing Labor Market, Income, Civic, Social and Fiscal Costs of Dropping Out of High School Prepared by: Andrew Sum Ishwar Khatiwada Joseph McLaughlin

More information

Education Pays 2010. Trends in Higher Education Series. The Benefits of Higher Education for Individuals and Society

Education Pays 2010. Trends in Higher Education Series. The Benefits of Higher Education for Individuals and Society Trends in Higher Education Series Education Pays 2010 The of Higher Education for Individuals and Society Sandy Baum Jennifer Ma Kathleen Payea Technical Notes Education level: The categories describing

More information

The Consequences of Dropping Out of High School

The Consequences of Dropping Out of High School The Consequences of Dropping Out of High School Joblessness and Jailing for High School Dropouts and the High Cost for Taxpayers 22 Daily Jailing Rate for Young Black Men Who Drop Out of High School Prepared

More information

True Value of a College Education

True Value of a College Education John Carroll University Carroll Collected Senior Honors Projects Theses, Essays, and Senior Honors Projects Spring 2015 True Value of a College Education Lindsey Beran John Carroll University, lberan15@jcu.edu

More information

Minorities in the Tenth District: Are They Ready for the Jobs of the Future?

Minorities in the Tenth District: Are They Ready for the Jobs of the Future? 7 Minorities in the Tenth District: Are They Ready for the Jobs of the Future? Chad R. Wilkerson, Assistant Vice President and Oklahoma City Branch Executive and Megan D. Williams, Associate Economist

More information

The Academic and Co-Curricular Experiences of UCSD Freshmen Students 2004-2005 Evidence from the Your First College Year Survey

The Academic and Co-Curricular Experiences of UCSD Freshmen Students 2004-2005 Evidence from the Your First College Year Survey The Academic and Co-Curricular Experiences of UCSD Freshmen Students 2004-2005 Evidence from the Your First College Year Survey The academic, cognitive, and psychosocial adjustment of freshmen students

More information

California s Economic Payoff

California s Economic Payoff California s Economic Payoff Dr. Jon Stiles, Dr. Michael Hout, Dr. Henry Brady Institute for the Study of Societal Issues, UC Berkeley EXECUTIVE SUMMARY April 2012 The benefits of higher education extend

More information

First-Generation College Students: How Co-Curricular Involvement Can Assist with Success. Valerie Garcia

First-Generation College Students: How Co-Curricular Involvement Can Assist with Success. Valerie Garcia 46 The Vermont Connection 2010 Volume 31 First-Generation College Students: How Co-Curricular Involvement Can Assist with Success Valerie Garcia First-generation college students are students whose parents

More information

Educational Attainment in Hawaii

Educational Attainment in Hawaii Statistics Brief, January 2016 Research and Economic Analysis Division State Department of Business, Economic Development and Tourism Educational Attainment in Overview This brief presents an overview

More information

An Equity Profile of the Kansas City Region. Summary. Overview. The Equity Indicators Framework. central to the region s economic success now and

An Equity Profile of the Kansas City Region. Summary. Overview. The Equity Indicators Framework. central to the region s economic success now and An Equity Profile of the Kansas City Region PolicyLink and PERE An Equity Profile of the Kansas City Region Summary Overview Across the country, regional planning organizations, community organizations

More information

The Investment Payoff

The Investment Payoff The Investment Payoff A 50-State Analysis of the Public and Private Benefits of Higher Education PREPARED BY: Institute for Higher Education Policy The Institute for Higher Education Policy is a non-profit,

More information

Economy. Ind.1 Race & poverty Ratio between the percentages of Asians and whites living below the poverty line

Economy. Ind.1 Race & poverty Ratio between the percentages of Asians and whites living below the poverty line Economy Poverty Ind.1 Race & poverty Ratio between the percentages of Asians and whites living below the poverty line Ind.2 Ind.3 Ind.4 Employment Race & food security Citizenship status & poverty Family

More information

Eastern Oregon Regional Profile. April 2011

Eastern Oregon Regional Profile. April 2011 Eastern Oregon Regional Profile April 2011 2011 Eastern Oregon Regional Profile Each Oregon community has its own character and special needs. OCF s leadership councils represent eight regions: Central

More information

The goal is to transform data into information, and information into insight. Carly Fiorina

The goal is to transform data into information, and information into insight. Carly Fiorina DEMOGRAPHICS & DATA The goal is to transform data into information, and information into insight. Carly Fiorina 11 MILWAUKEE CITYWIDE POLICY PLAN This chapter presents data and trends in the city s population

More information

The High Cost of High School Dropouts: What the Nation Pays for Inadequate High Schools

The High Cost of High School Dropouts: What the Nation Pays for Inadequate High Schools The High Cost of High School Dropouts: What the Nation Pays for Inadequate High Schools Every school day, nearly 7,000 students become dropouts. Annually, that adds up to about 1.2 million students who

More information

Engaging the Disengaged: Factors Associated with Undergraduate Campus Leadership Involvement

Engaging the Disengaged: Factors Associated with Undergraduate Campus Leadership Involvement ENGAGING THE DISENGAGED: FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH UNDERGRADUATE CAMPUS LEADERSHIP INVOLVEMENT Association of Leadership Educations 2005 Annual Conference July 11-14, 2005 Wilmington, NC Susan Fritz, Associate

More information

School, Work, and the Transition to Adulthood of Youth in the San Joaquin Valley

School, Work, and the Transition to Adulthood of Youth in the San Joaquin Valley I N S T I T U T E F O R P U B L I C A N T H R O P O L O G Y C A L I F O R N I A S T A T E U N I V E R S I T Y, F R E S N O School, Work, and the Transition to Adulthood of Youth in the San Joaquin Valley

More information

High School Dropouts in Chicago and Illinois: The Growing Labor Market, Income, Civic, Social and Fiscal Costs of Dropping Out of High School

High School Dropouts in Chicago and Illinois: The Growing Labor Market, Income, Civic, Social and Fiscal Costs of Dropping Out of High School High School Dropouts in Chicago and Illinois: The Growing Labor Market, Income, Civic, Social and Fiscal Costs of Dropping Out of High School Prepared by: Andrew Sum Ishwar Khatiwada Joseph McLaughlin

More information

Income Sustainability through Educational Attainment

Income Sustainability through Educational Attainment Journal of Education and Training Studies Vol. 3, No. 1; January 2015 ISSN 2324-805X E-ISSN 2324-8068 Published by Redfame Publishing URL: http://jets.redfame.com Income Sustainability through Educational

More information

What Matters in College After College

What Matters in College After College What Matters in College After College A Comparative Alumnae Research Study Prepared for the Women s College Coalition www.womenscolleges.org February 24 and March 7, 2012 2 Susan Lennon Women s College

More information

Technical Report 1: Regional Demographic Profile

Technical Report 1: Regional Demographic Profile Technical Report 1: Regional Demographic Profile Compiled by the Piedmont Triad Regional Council January, 2013 Triad Tomorrow Figure 1. Piedmont Triad Region CONTEXT The Piedmont Triad region consists

More information

Parental Educational Attainment and Higher Educational Opportunity

Parental Educational Attainment and Higher Educational Opportunity Parental Educational Attainment and Higher Educational Opportunity Federal higher education policy recognizes certain student characteristics as limiting higher educational opportunity, and has created

More information

Issue Brief. The Public s Views on Health Care Reform in the 2008 Presidential Election. Sara R. Collins and Jennifer L. Kriss The Commonwealth Fund

Issue Brief. The Public s Views on Health Care Reform in the 2008 Presidential Election. Sara R. Collins and Jennifer L. Kriss The Commonwealth Fund JANUARY 2008 Issue Brief The Public s Views on Health Care Reform in the 2008 Presidential Election Sara R. Collins and Jennifer L. Kriss The Commonwealth Fund For more information about this study, please

More information

Extending Foster Care to Age 21: Weighing the Costs to Government against the Benefits to Youth

Extending Foster Care to Age 21: Weighing the Costs to Government against the Benefits to Youth June 2009 Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago 1313 East 60th Street Chicago, IL 60637 T: 773.753.5900 F: 773.753.5940 www.chapinhall.org Extending Foster Care to Age 21: Weighing the Costs to Government

More information

BLACKFEET RESERVATION

BLACKFEET RESERVATION The poverty rate for the Blackfeet decreased from 47% in 199 to 33.8% in. In, the Blackfeet had a higher unemployment rate (68.%) than the average unemployment rate for all Montana reservations combined

More information

2010-2011 Quarterly Wage Comparison for FAU graduates

2010-2011 Quarterly Wage Comparison for FAU graduates 2010-2011 ly Wage Comparison for FAU graduates Table of Contents Executive Summary... 2 Introduction... 4 Average ly Wages for Graduates of... 4 Florida State Universities for the 2010-2011 Academic Year...

More information

?atbxst]cb 7T[_X]V CHILDREN 2012

?atbxst]cb 7T[_X]V CHILDREN 2012 CHILDREN 2012 February 2012 Dear Reader, Michael R. Petit, President Every Child Matters Washington, D.C. THE CHALLENGE FOR THE NEXT PRESIDENT AND THE 113 TH CONGRESS A REALITY FOR MILLIONS OF CHILDREN...

More information

Economic inequality and educational attainment across a generation

Economic inequality and educational attainment across a generation Economic inequality and educational attainment across a generation Mary Campbell, Robert Haveman, Gary Sandefur, and Barbara Wolfe Mary Campbell is an assistant professor of sociology at the University

More information

Andrew Chang & Company, LLC. The Economic Benefits of Bottle Bill Funding of the Local Conservation Corps. March 2014

Andrew Chang & Company, LLC. The Economic Benefits of Bottle Bill Funding of the Local Conservation Corps. March 2014 The Economic Benefits of Bottle Bill Funding of the Local Conservation Corps March 2014 Andrew Chang & Company, LLC 1107 9 th Street, Suite 501, Sacramento CA 95814 916-538-6091 0 About the Report Sponsors:

More information

I. HEALTH ASSESSMENT B. SOCIOECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS

I. HEALTH ASSESSMENT B. SOCIOECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS I. B. SOCIOECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS 1. HOW FINANCIALLY SECURE ARE RESIDENTS OF DELAWARE? Delaware residents median household incomes are lower than comparison communities but higher than national norms.

More information

Demographic Profile of Wichita Unemployment Insurance Beneficiaries Q2 2014

Demographic Profile of Wichita Unemployment Insurance Beneficiaries Q2 2014 Demographic Profile of Wichita Unemployment Insurance Beneficiaries Q2 2014 The Bureau of Labor Statistics defines an unemployed person as one 16 years and older having no employment and having made specific

More information

What does Georgia gain. by investing in its

What does Georgia gain. by investing in its What does Georgia gain by investing in its colleges and universities 2 A tremendous return: More economic prosperity. Less government spending. A stronger competitive advantage. A higher quality of life.

More information

Barbara Gault, Ph.D. Executive Director and Vice President, Institute for Women s Policy Research

Barbara Gault, Ph.D. Executive Director and Vice President, Institute for Women s Policy Research Barbara Gault, Ph.D. Executive Director and Vice President, Institute for Women s Policy Research gault@iwpr.org www.iwpr.org Mission: The Institute for Women's Policy Research: conducts rigorous research

More information

CIRCLE The Center for Information & Research on Civic Learning & Engagement

CIRCLE The Center for Information & Research on Civic Learning & Engagement FACT SHEET CIRCLE The Center for Information & Research on Civic Learning & Engagement Civic Engagement among 2-year and 4-year College Students By Mark Hugo Lopez and Benjamin Brown 1 October 2006 There

More information

California s Economic Payoff

California s Economic Payoff California s Economic Payoff Report Authored by: Dr. Jon S)les, Dr. Michael Hout, & Dr. Henry Brady Ins)tute for the Study of Societal Issues, University of California, Berkeley Commissioned by: The Campaign

More information

IT S NOT JUST THE MONEY

IT S NOT JUST THE MONEY LUMINA ISSUE PAPERS IT S NOT JUST THE MONEY THE BENEFITS OF COLLEGE EDUCATION TO INDIVIDUALS AND TO SOCIETY by Philip Trostel Margaret Chase Smith Policy Center & School of Economics University of Maine

More information

DOES STAYING HEALTHY REDUCE YOUR LIFETIME HEALTH CARE COSTS?

DOES STAYING HEALTHY REDUCE YOUR LIFETIME HEALTH CARE COSTS? May 2010, Number 10-8 DOES STAYING HEALTHY REDUCE YOUR LIFETIME HEALTH CARE COSTS? By Wei Sun, Anthony Webb, and Natalia Zhivan* Introduction Medical and long-term care costs represent a substantial uninsured

More information

Back to School: 2010-2011

Back to School: 2010-2011 CB10-FF.14 June 15, 2010 Back to School: 2010-2011 By August, summertime will be winding down and vacations will be coming to an end, signaling that back-to-school time is near. It s a time that many children

More information

This report is available on-line: http://www.jjc.edu/admin/ie/information/tuition_financial_aid/tuition_financial_aid.htm

This report is available on-line: http://www.jjc.edu/admin/ie/information/tuition_financial_aid/tuition_financial_aid.htm Students & College Finances Office of Institutional Effectiveness www.jjc.edu/admin/ie Summary students are less likely to apply for financial aid than students at other 2-year and 4-year colleges. In

More information

An Equity Assessment of the. St. Louis Region

An Equity Assessment of the. St. Louis Region An Equity Assessment of the A Snapshot of the Greater St. Louis 15 counties 2.8 million population 19th largest metropolitan region 1.1 million households 1.4 million workforce $132.07 billion economy

More information

City of Philadelphia - Need and Social Services. Susan Kretsge, Deputy Mayor

City of Philadelphia - Need and Social Services. Susan Kretsge, Deputy Mayor City of Philadelphia - Need and Social Services Susan Kretsge, Deputy Mayor Philadelphia 5 th largest city in the United States Located in the NE corridor of the US between New York City and Washington,

More information

Prepared by: Andrew Sum Ishwar Khatiwada With Walter McHugh. Center for Labor Market Studies Northeastern University

Prepared by: Andrew Sum Ishwar Khatiwada With Walter McHugh. Center for Labor Market Studies Northeastern University The College Educated Population and Labor Force of Massachusetts and the U.S., Their Employment Behavior and Labor Market Problems, The Numbers and Occupational Characteristics of College Labor Market

More information

INSTRUCTION AND ACADEMIC SUPPORT EXPENDITURES: AN INVESTMENT IN RETENTION AND GRADUATION

INSTRUCTION AND ACADEMIC SUPPORT EXPENDITURES: AN INVESTMENT IN RETENTION AND GRADUATION J. COLLEGE STUDENT RETENTION, Vol. 5(2) 135-145, 2003-2004 INSTRUCTION AND ACADEMIC SUPPORT EXPENDITURES: AN INVESTMENT IN RETENTION AND GRADUATION ANN M. GANSEMER-TOPF JOHN H. SCHUH Iowa State University,

More information

Demographic Profile of Wichita Unemployment Insurance Beneficiaries Q3 2015

Demographic Profile of Wichita Unemployment Insurance Beneficiaries Q3 2015 Demographic Profile of Wichita Unemployment Insurance Beneficiaries Q3 2015 The Bureau of Labor Statistics defines an unemployed person as one 16 years and older having no employment and having made specific

More information

Valuing the Public Benefits of the Education Provided by Public Universities:

Valuing the Public Benefits of the Education Provided by Public Universities: Valuing the Public Benefits of the Education Provided by Public Universities: A Study of the University of Minnesota and the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities System Amy Damon and Paul Glewwe Department

More information

Valuing the Public Benefits of the Education Provided by Public Universities:

Valuing the Public Benefits of the Education Provided by Public Universities: Valuing the Public Benefits of the Education Provided by Public Universities: A Study of the University of Minnesota and the Minnesota State Colleges and Universities System Amy Damon and Paul Glewwe Department

More information

State Profile: Texas. Texas Indicators: Aging & Work. State Perspectives. State Profile Series. Quick Fact Check for Texas.

State Profile: Texas. Texas Indicators: Aging & Work. State Perspectives. State Profile Series. Quick Fact Check for Texas. State Perspectives Texas Indicators: Aging & Work State Profile Series April, 2008 By: Michelle Wong with Tay McNamara, Sandee Shulkin, Chelsea Lettieri and Vanessa Careiro Sponsored by: Quick Fact Check

More information

College Enrollment Hits All-Time High, Fueled by Community College Surge

College Enrollment Hits All-Time High, Fueled by Community College Surge Enrollment Hits All-Time High, Fueled by Community Surge FOR RELEASE: OCTOBER 29, 2009 Paul Taylor, Project Director Richard Fry, Senior Researcher Wendy Wang, Research Associate Daniel Dockterman, Research

More information

CURRICULUM VITAE CURTIS LOCKWOOD REYNOLDS

CURRICULUM VITAE CURTIS LOCKWOOD REYNOLDS Department of Economics Kent State University P.O. Box 5190 Kent, OH 44242 Office: 468 Business Administration Building Phone: (330) 672-1089 Fax: (330) 672-9808 Email: creynol9@kent.edu EDUCATION CURRICULUM

More information

Florida s Families and Children Below the Federal Poverty Level

Florida s Families and Children Below the Federal Poverty Level Florida s Families and Children Below the Federal Poverty Level Florida Senate Committee on Children, Families, and Elder Affairs Presented by: February 17, 2016 The Florida Legislature Office of Economic

More information

How College Shapes Lives:

How College Shapes Lives: How College Shapes Lives: Understanding the Issues Trends in Higher Education Series Sandy Baum Charles Kurose Jennifer Ma October 2013 About the College Board The College Board is a mission-driven not-for-profit

More information

ETS s Addressing Achievement Gaps Symposium. Advancing Success for Black Men in College. A Statistical Profile

ETS s Addressing Achievement Gaps Symposium. Advancing Success for Black Men in College. A Statistical Profile ETS s Addressing Achievement Gaps Symposium Advancing Success for Black Men in College A Statistical Profile ETS s Addressing Achievement Gaps Symposium Advancing Success for Black Men in College Co-sponsored

More information

CRIME Doesn t Pay, but DIPLOMAS Do!

CRIME Doesn t Pay, but DIPLOMAS Do! CRIME Doesn t Pay, but DIPLOMAS Do! Every year approximately 1.3 million students THAT s 7,000 every school day do not graduate from high school as scheduled. About 75 percent of America s state prison

More information

How s Life in the United States?

How s Life in the United States? October 2015 How s Life in the United States? Additional information, including the data used in this country note, can be found at: www.oecd.org/statistics/hows-life-2015-country-notes-data.xlsx HOW S

More information

State Profile: West Virginia

State Profile: West Virginia State Perspectives West Virginia Indicators: Aging & Work State Profile Series February, 2008 By: Michelle Wong with Tay McNamara, Sandee Shulkin, Chelsea Lettieri and Vanessa Careiro Sponsored by: Quick

More information

THE EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT OF THE WORKFORCE

THE EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT OF THE WORKFORCE THE EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT OF THE WORKFORCE March 2016 Dennis Hoffman, Ph.D. Professor, Department of Economics; Director, L. William Seidman Research Institute; and Director, Office of the University

More information

The Labor Market Performance of Young black Men in the Great Recession Daniel Kuehn

The Labor Market Performance of Young black Men in the Great Recession Daniel Kuehn brief# I0 feb. 2013 unemployment and Recovery Project www.urban.org i n s i d e T h i s i s s u e Young black men had higher unemployment during the recession than their white and hispanic peers. They

More information

State Profile: North Carolina

State Profile: North Carolina State Perspectives State Profile Series North Carolina Indicators: Aging & Work March, 2008 By: Michelle Wong with Tay McNamara, Sandee Shulkin, Chelsea Lettieri and Vanessa Careiro Sponsored by: Quick

More information

Portraits A PORTRAIT OF LOW-INCOME YOUNG ADULTS IN EDUCATION JUNE 2010

Portraits A PORTRAIT OF LOW-INCOME YOUNG ADULTS IN EDUCATION JUNE 2010 Portraits WHAT IS THE PORTRAITS SERIES? With the support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the INSTITUTE FOR HIGHER EDUCATION POLICY plans to regularly release short research briefs that describe

More information

Educational Attainment

Educational Attainment Educational Attainment Five Key Data Releases From the U.S. Census Bureau Media Webinar February 23, 2012 Webinar access information Toll free number: 888 790 3288 Passcode: CENSUS URL: https://www.mymeetings.com/nc/join/

More information

State Profile: Oregon. Oregon Indicators: Aging & Work. State Perspectives. State Profile Series. Quick Fact Check for Oregon.

State Profile: Oregon. Oregon Indicators: Aging & Work. State Perspectives. State Profile Series. Quick Fact Check for Oregon. State Perspectives Oregon Indicators: Aging & Work State Profile Series February, 2008 By: Michelle Wong with Tay McNamara, Sandee Shulkin, Chelsea Lettieri and Vanessa Careiro Sponsored by: Quick Fact

More information

Multigenerational Adult Development Research Project in an Online Graduate Course in Adult Learning

Multigenerational Adult Development Research Project in an Online Graduate Course in Adult Learning 2003 Midwest Research to Practice Conference in Adult, Continuing, and Community Education Multigenerational Adult Development Research Project in an Online Graduate Course in Adult Learning Henry S. Merrill

More information

America Is Changing. National Conference of State Legislatures. August 15, 2013 Atlanta, GA

America Is Changing. National Conference of State Legislatures. August 15, 2013 Atlanta, GA America Is Changing National Conference of State Legislatures August 15, 2013 Atlanta, GA Race and Immigration Family, Marriage and Gender Young and Old Share of U.S. Population Growth by Race and Ethnicity,

More information

APRIL YANYUAN WU RESEARCH INTERESTS:

APRIL YANYUAN WU RESEARCH INTERESTS: APRIL YANYUAN WU Center for Retirement Research Boston College Hovey House 140 Commonwealth Ave Chestnut Hill, MA, 02467 (617) 552-1876 email: wuuv@bc.edu RESEARCH INTERESTS: Public Economics, Labor Economics,

More information

June 12-16, 2009 N= 895. All trends are from New York Times/CBS News polls unless otherwise noted. An asterisk indicates registered respondents only.

June 12-16, 2009 N= 895. All trends are from New York Times/CBS News polls unless otherwise noted. An asterisk indicates registered respondents only. z POLL June 12-16, 2009 N= 895 All trends are from New York Times/CBS News polls unless otherwise noted. An asterisk indicates registered respondents only. 1. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Barack

More information

2009 Franklin County Profile Statistical and Demographic Data. German Village, Columbus, Ohio

2009 Franklin County Profile Statistical and Demographic Data. German Village, Columbus, Ohio 2009 Franklin Profile Statistical and Demographic Data German Village, Columbus, Ohio Franklin Overview Through its partnerships with community organizations and state and federal government agencies,

More information

Making the Case for the Importance of Student Retention. Dr. Matt Stillman Director of Enrollment Analysis Southern Oregon University

Making the Case for the Importance of Student Retention. Dr. Matt Stillman Director of Enrollment Analysis Southern Oregon University Making the Case for the Importance of Student Retention Dr. Matt Stillman Director of Enrollment Analysis Southern Oregon University Making the Case for the Importance of Student Retention: Student retention

More information

Prepared by: Andrew Sum Ishwar Khatiwada Joseph McLaughlin With Sheila Palma

Prepared by: Andrew Sum Ishwar Khatiwada Joseph McLaughlin With Sheila Palma Key Social, Income, Housing, Civic, Health and Incarcerations Consequences of Dropping Out of : Findings for Connecticut Adults in the 21 st Century Prepared by: Andrew Sum Ishwar Khatiwada Joseph McLaughlin

More information

Volunteering. Volunteering

Volunteering. Volunteering Updated: More than a third of high school seniors report they volunteer at least once a month. Between 2010 and 2014, volunteering among tenth- and twelfth-graders increased. Importance in adolescence

More information

The Economic Return on Investment in South Carolina s Higher Education

The Economic Return on Investment in South Carolina s Higher Education The Economic Return on Investment in South Carolina s Higher Education Division of Research August 2009 The Economic Return on Investment in South Carolina s Higher Education Page i The Economic Return

More information

Prince William County Demographic Fact Sheet Fourth Quarter 2007

Prince William County Demographic Fact Sheet Fourth Quarter 2007 December 15, 2007 OVERVIEW Prince William County is located in Northern Virginia approximately 35 miles southwest of Washington, DC. It is bounded on the north by Fairfax and Loudoun Counties, on the east

More information

HIGHER EDUCATION + STATE OF NEW MEXICO. partners for a brighter future

HIGHER EDUCATION + STATE OF NEW MEXICO. partners for a brighter future HIGHER EDUCATION + STATE OF NEW MEXICO partners for a brighter future 5 [Higher Education Serves a Growing Number of New Mexico Students Affordably and Efficiently Students recognize the value of their

More information

Justice Policy Institute

Justice Policy Institute May 2000 Justice Policy Institute Washington, D.C. The Punishing Decade: Prison and Jail Estimates at the Millennium As the century draws to a close, we can safely predict that America will end the 1990s

More information

College: A Necessity Priced as a Luxury

College: A Necessity Priced as a Luxury College: A Necessity Priced as a Luxury Six Facts on College and the Middle Class May 2014 A Middle Class Job Does Not Get a Middle Class Life v Today, a middle class job increasingly does not support

More information

Making Jobs Good. John Schmitt and Janelle Jones. April 2013

Making Jobs Good. John Schmitt and Janelle Jones. April 2013 Making Jobs Good John Schmitt and Janelle Jones April 2013 Center for Economic and Policy Research 1611 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 400 Washington, D.C. 20009 202-293-5380 www.cepr.net CEPR Making Jobs

More information

Demographic and Socioeconomic Conditions

Demographic and Socioeconomic Conditions Demographic and Socioeconomic Conditions Population Growth over Time and Projected Population Size by Race/Ethnicity 1990 1990 2000 2000 2010 2010 2050, Projected 2050, Projected Santa Clara County 1,497,577

More information

Race Matters. Household Asset Poverty by Race in North Carolina. Child Poverty by County

Race Matters. Household Asset Poverty by Race in North Carolina. Child Poverty by County Race Matters Children of color are more likely to grow up in both income poverty and asset poverty. This double burden creates a difficult barrier for children to overcome. As adults, children of color

More information

Prepared by: Andrew Sum Ishwar Khatiwada With Sheila Palma. Center for Labor Market Studies Northeastern University

Prepared by: Andrew Sum Ishwar Khatiwada With Sheila Palma. Center for Labor Market Studies Northeastern University The Employment Experiences and College Labor Market Job Characteristics of Young Adult Associate Degree and Bachelor Degree Recipients in Massachusetts and the U.S. Prepared by: Andrew Sum Ishwar Khatiwada

More information

How learning benefits Georgians over a lifetime

How learning benefits Georgians over a lifetime How learning benefits Georgians over a lifetime Education empowers Employability 2 Income 7 Home ownership 13 The next generation 17 Older citizens 21 Quality of life 26 Social well being 31 It s a simple

More information

Doctors 24,728 20,176 44,904 55.1% 44.9% First-Prof 42,862 36,845 79,707 53.8% 46.2%

Doctors 24,728 20,176 44,904 55.1% 44.9% First-Prof 42,862 36,845 79,707 53.8% 46.2% Earned Degrees Conferred by Gender 1870 to 2001 The growing gender imbalance in higher education is most apparent at college graduation. Throughout the education pipeline girls and young women are consistently

More information

A Portrait of Seattle s Low-Income Working Population

A Portrait of Seattle s Low-Income Working Population A Portrait of Seattle s Low-Income Working Population December 2011 Support provided by the City of Seattle Office of Economic Development 1 INTRODUCTION The Great Recession, now over two years gone, has

More information

2015 RCS FACT SHEET #5 GENDER AND MARITAL STATUS COMPARISONS AMONG WORKERS

2015 RCS FACT SHEET #5 GENDER AND MARITAL STATUS COMPARISONS AMONG WORKERS 2015 RCS FACT SHEET #5 GENDER AND MARITAL STATUS COMPARISONS AMONG WORKERS Are unmarried men and women equally likely to plan and save for? Do they have similar expectations about their needs in? And how

More information

Changing Demographics of Colorado

Changing Demographics of Colorado Changing Demographics of Colorado United States 250,000,000 200,000,000 150,000,000 100,000,000 50,000,000 White Black American Indian Asian Pacific Islander Other Race Hispanic 0 1990 2000 2010 2013 Colorado

More information

THE EDUCATIONAL PROGRESS OF BLACK STUDENTS

THE EDUCATIONAL PROGRESS OF BLACK STUDENTS NATIONAL CENTER FOR EDUCATION STATISTICS Findings from THE CONDITION OF EDUCATION 1994 NO. 2 THE EDUCATIONAL PROGRESS OF BLACK STUDENTS U.S. Department of Education Office of Educational Research and Improvement

More information

THE CASE FOR SUPPORT The Rural Virginia Horseshoe Initiative

THE CASE FOR SUPPORT The Rural Virginia Horseshoe Initiative THE CASE FOR SUPPORT The Rural Virginia Horseshoe Initiative A WAKE UP CALL Photo by David Hoffman It should concern all Virginians that 1 in 4 people across parts of the Rural Horseshoe has less than

More information

Peoria County Community Themes & Strengths Assessment

Peoria County Community Themes & Strengths Assessment Peoria County Community Themes & Strengths Assessment May 14, 2010 Prepared by: Illinois Public Health Institute 954 W. Washington Blvd., Suite 405 Chicago, IL 60607 312.850.4744 www.iphionline.org Table

More information

The Role of Time Preferences and Exponential-Growth Bias in Retirement Savings

The Role of Time Preferences and Exponential-Growth Bias in Retirement Savings The Role of Time Preferences and Exponential-Growth Bias in Retirement Savings Gopi Shah Goda Stanford University and NBER Colleen Flaherty Manchester University of Minnesota Matthew R. Levy London School

More information

Massachusetts Community Colleges

Massachusetts Community Colleges Massachusetts Community Colleges CONTENTS Executive Summary... 1 The Massachusetts Community Colleges - Benefits to Students and the Commonwealth... 3 The Massachusetts Community Colleges - Benefits to

More information

H i g h e r Education a n d E c o n o m i c Development

H i g h e r Education a n d E c o n o m i c Development GETTING WHAT YOU PAY FOR H i g h e r Education a n d E c o n o m i c Development Julie Davis Bell Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education With support from Introduction Legislators are becoming

More information

WORKING, BUT POOR, IN CALIFORNIA

WORKING, BUT POOR, IN CALIFORNIA WORKING, BUT POOR, IN CALIFORNIA EXECUTIVE SUMMARY September 1996 Two popular myths endure about California's poor. One is that most poor people don't work or don't want to work. The second is that work

More information

Full Health Indicators Report for DeSoto County, MS

Full Health Indicators Report for DeSoto County, MS Full Health Indicators Report for DeSoto County, MS DeSoto County, MS Social & Economic Factors Economic and social insecurity often are associated with poor health. Poverty, unemployment, and lack of

More information

An Equity Profile of the Houston-Galveston Region. Summary. Overview. The Equity Indicators Framework

An Equity Profile of the Houston-Galveston Region. Summary. Overview. The Equity Indicators Framework An Equity Profile of the Houston-Galveston Region PolicyLink and PERE An Equity Profile of the Houston-Galveston Region Summary Overview Across the country, regional planning organizations, community organizations

More information

COLLABORATIVE PROJECTS SMALL GRANTS FACULTY FELLOWS

COLLABORATIVE PROJECTS SMALL GRANTS FACULTY FELLOWS COLLABORATIVE PROJECTS SMALL GRANTS FACULTY FELLOWS ENCOURAGE SCHOLARS ACROSS THE UNIVERSITY TO DEVELOP CUTTING EDGE, BOUNDARY-SPANNING RESEARCH COLLABORATIONS Africana Studies and Research Center American

More information

One characterization of the U.S. economy

One characterization of the U.S. economy The characteristics of small-business employees Small businesses employ slightly more than half of the private-sector workforce; in many ways, such as education, race, origin, age, and part-time status,

More information

Newsweek Poll Psychology of Voter Anger Princeton Survey Research Associates International. Final Topline Results (10/1/10)

Newsweek Poll Psychology of Voter Anger Princeton Survey Research Associates International. Final Topline Results (10/1/10) Newsweek Poll Psychology of Voter Anger Princeton Survey Research Associates International Final Topline Results (10/1/10) N = 1,025 adults 18+ (691 landline interviews and 334 cell phone interviews) Margins

More information