1 PERÚ Ministry of Transport and Communications Viceministry of Transport Provias Nacional PERÚ: PPPs and CREMA contracts on National Roads RAÚL TORRES Executive Director, Provías Nacional Hanoi, June 14, 2011
3 PERÚ Weather Varies from tropical in the jungle to frigid in the highlands. Average temperature in the coast is 20 c, moderate weather. In the highlands, temperature oscilates between -7 c and 21 c. The jungle is a region extremely warm and humid. Surface Extension: ,60 km2, with the jungle being the biggest area and also the least accessible. Natural Resources Fishing and mining are the principal resources. GDP and Population 2009: US$ 4353 per capita habitants GDP growth rate for 2010: 8% Geographic Challenges It s difficult to work in the highlands: steep surface, forming geology, can t interfere with mining, etc.
4 Various Physical Challanges 4
5 ORGANIZATION: Provías Nacional Project of the Ministry of Transport and Communications in charge of transport infrastructure and national highways network projects. Objectives: construction, rehabilitation, improvement, conservation and maintenance of the national highway infrastructure.
6 PROVIAS NACIONAL ORGANIZATION CHART Ministry of Transport and Communications Viceministy of Transport Organizational Structure: Internal Control Office Executive Direction Procurador Ad Hoc Especial Projects Office Technical Office of Concessions Programming, Evaluation and Information Office Genaral Administración Legal Themes Office Studies Office Work Contracts Conservation Office l Operations Office Regional Offices
7 The Executive Office is responsible of general administration. The Institutional Control Office is responsible of programming, conducting, coordinating, executing and evaluating all the activities. The Tecnical Office of Concessions is responsible of technical matters of concessioned roads. The Office of Special Projects is responsible of conducting new projects and processes that will later be incorporated in routine operations. The Office of Programming, Evaluation and Information is responsible of coordinating and conduction general programming activities. The Legal Office is responsible of advising on matters of legal nature.
8 The Administration Office is responsible of human, finantial and material resources. The Office of Studies is responsible of evaluating investment and maintenance projects. The Office of Investment is responsible of administration of investment contracts The Office of Roads Conservation is responsible of interventions and road maintenance contracts, and the solution of road emergencies. The Office of Operations is responsible of the administration of tolls stations. The Zonal Offices (16) collaborate on every intervention in a given area, coordinating with the above offices.
9 DEVELOPMENT PLANS 1) There are variouos global and sectoral plans that define the context of road and transport development. 2) Multi-annual Public Investment Plan Contains a 3-year investment plan for the national network, in accordance with the instructions from the Ministry of Finance. 3) Annual Plan In accordance with the MTC annual budget.
10 ROAD POLICY From vicious cycle to virtuos cycle abandonment Routine maintenance construction destruction Constructionimprovement reconstruction Periodic maintenance Vicious cycle Virtuos cycle Continual Road Development
11 Ministerial Act Nº MTC/9: National Policy for the Transport Sector
12 NATIONAL TRANSPORT SECTOR POLICY 1. NEW NATIONAL POLICY BASIS OF THE TRANSPORT SECTOR Integral view of services and transport infrastructure. Integrated management system user focused to improve efficiency, safety and quality. Modern regulatory framework and institutional organization. Adequate financing for the sustainability of the system. Priority and effective infrastructure conservation and their development in accordance with demand and accessibility. Technological development and staff competences.
13 NATIONAL TRANSPORT SECTOR POLICY 2. NATIONAL POLICY GUIDELINES IN THE TRANSPORT SECTOR Infrastructure priority conservation. Orderly development of transport infrastructure. Promoting of the development, security and quality of transport services and logistics related. Promoting private sector participation in the provision of transport services and infrastructure. Support to the national and international integration. Contribution to the consolidation of the country's decentralization process. Strengthening the socio-environmental management in the transport sector.
14 National System of Roads Three network categories: National, State and Local Road network Paved Not paved Additional 2/ Existing Under project National State Local / Updated to year / Additional local roads: i) Identified for inclusion ii) In process of identification Total 14
15 Road Infrastructure Competencies Law of Decentralization Guidelines (Nº 27783), : 7.2 National Goverment has jurisdiction in the entire territory of the Republic, Regional and Local Governments have it on their respective administrative area. National Road Network (responsibility of the National Government, through Provías Nacional) DEPARTAMENTAL ROAD NETWORK (responsibility of Regional Governments) LOCAL ROAD NETWORK (responsibility of Local Governments) Studies, Operations, Periodic Maintenance and Routine Maintenance
16 The National Road Network Basic Road Inventory: length by surface type Peruvian road classification: D.S. N MTC Road axes Divisions of the road axes Total Length and type of road surfaceura (Km) Length (Km) Asphalted Affirmed No affirmed Trail road RVN Existing In Project PE-1 Longitudinal axes of the Coast 2.640, , ,683 PE-3 Longitudinal axes of the Mountain 3.463, , ,028 6, , , ,870 PE-5 Longitudinal axes of the Jungle 2.676, , , , , , ,881 Variants and Branches 4.449, , , , , , ,458 Transversal Axes , , , , , , ,024 Overall Total , , , , , , ,233 Source: Measurement study of the RVN, December
17 BRIDGES Itervention Period Constructed 41 Modular 23 Routine Maintenance 33 Periodic Maintenence 8 Concession 294 TOTAL Source: Conservation Management Unit Provias Nacional Bridges of the National Road Network = 2,000 Bidges intervened =
18 Great National Road Axes The Road Development Strategy focuses on the consolidation of great road axes. Longitudinal Axes (Concession and no Concession) IIRSA Concession Axes Navigable rivers
19 Road surface ang management type of the RVN P (Km.) RVN developments by type of road surface: P KILOMETERS Classify DS DS-034 DS No Asfaltado Years P 2012P PAVED AFFIRMED NO AFFIRMED TRAIL ROAD TOTAL RVN DEVELOPMENTS BY TYPE OF ADMINISTRATION: P KILOMETERS Clasificador DS DS-034 DS Años P 2012P No concessioned Concessioned TOTAL Souces: INEI, DGCF-MTC Souces: From 1990 to 2007: INEI. By : DS MTC-DGCF. By 2010: Study of Basic Road Inventory RVN or measurement study of the national routes: DGCF-MTC 2011 and2012 projections: Estimates of PVN / OPEI: according interventions in the RVN 19
20 INTERVENTIONS IN THE NATIONAL ROAD NETWORK EJECUTED AND PROJECTED 2011 INTERVENTIONS EXECUTED PROJEC IN KILOMETERS NOT CONCESSIONED Rehabilitation, upgrading and construction Conservation and maintenance 1/ RVN routine paved (*) RVN routine unpaved RVN periodical paved By Level of services -OPE 4/ By level of services -UGC 4/ CONCESSIONED Rehabilitation, upgrading and construction Cofinanced Self-financing 2/ Conservation and maintenance 3/ Cofinanced Self-financing RVN TOTAL INTERVENTION RVN EXISTNG LENGTH COVERAGE SPENDING IN US$ millions (**) RVN NO CONCESSIONED Rehabilitaton, improvement and construction Conservation and maintenance RVN CONCESSIONED Rehabilitation, improvement and construction Conservation y maintenance TOTAL COST Source: PROVIAS NACIONAL OPEI / PFISICA / / Routine maintenance periods can not be accumulated 2/ OSITRAN OGPP Information 3/ According to the concession contract must maintain concessioned highways 4/ With financing until july 2011, to the end of 2011 have only Km. and 1, km. financing for OPE and UGC respectively (*) In 2010, includes routine maintenance contracts prior to service level contracts with responsability of UGC. (**) SIAF fiendly consultation. Commitments for year and PIM 2011, converted to U.S. Dollars at average annual exchange rate 20
21 Interventions map road no concessioned
22 SITUATIONAL SUMMARY NRN TOTAL KM. % % Existing National Road Network  a) RVN Concessioned : b) RVN No Concessionet : Maintenance contracts with level of service : With various interventions   With basis road inventory (Study of measurement - DGCF-MTC.Dic 2010  CCxNS Perú Projet: 7,832 Km.; Conservation Managemen Unit: 3,539 km.  Includes: Rehabilitation and improvement works, pre-investment and investmen studies, routine maintenance an emergency interventions 22
23 DEVELOPING STATE OF THE RVN (Km.) 1/ DEVELOPING STATE OF THE RVN P Classifier DS DS-034 DS Years P GOOD REGULAR BAD GOD REGULAR BAD Km P 2012P 1/ PVN/OPEI estimations: according to the criteria of Inventories 2005 (TNM) and 2006 (INOCSA) + RVN interventions in 2010 and project
24 PERU: Financement, Millions of New Soles Resources P Ordinary ,139 1,334 2,484 4,458 Directly gathered Official credit operations Grants, transfers and concessions TOTAL ,355 1,543 3,460 5, Grants, transfers and concessions Official credit operations Directly gathered Ordinary 5, , ,355 1, P
25 TOLLS ALONG THE NRN RED VIAL NACIONAL NO CONCESSIONS : 10, Km. Unit Tolls : 33 UP RED VIAL NACIONAL CONCESSIONS : 5, Km. Unit Tolls : 57 UP
26 NRN INTERVENTIONS, NOT CONCESSED (KILOMETERS) INTERVENCIONES 2006 Ago-Dic EXECUTED PROYECTED 2011 Ene-Jul 2011 Ago-Dic NOT CONCESSED NRN 10,221 10,685 11,124 12,352 13,584 12,211 11,831 Rehabilitation, improvement and construction Conservation and maintenance 1/ 10,082 10,466 10,875 11,897 13,230 11,891 11,613 Routine, paved NRN (*) 7,532 7,615 6,078 5,838 1, Routine, non-paved NRN 2,522 2,633 2,052 2, ,092 1,092 Periodic, paved Road conservation by results - Peru Project - - 2,338 3,232 7,563 7,563 7,563 Road conservation by results - U.G.Conservación ,795 2,888 2,888 1/ Routine maintenance periods can not be accumulated 2/ OSITRAN OGPP information 3/ According with the concession contract must maintain concessioned highways (*) In 2010, includes routine maintenance contracts prior to service level contracts with responsability of UGC.
27 Public private associations PPP for long term investment: Concesions. Performance medium term contracts for maintenance CREMA, Rehabilitation plus Maintenance contracts in the near future
28 EVOLUTION OF CONCESSION CONTRATCS Have changed profoundfly through time. We have gone from defining more income for the government as the principal tender condition (Ex. Lima Airport) to asking for the greather amount of investment (as in Paita Port) to demanding lower tariffs (as in Lima North Port), this is, from incomes for the government to lower tariffs for users, in a six year period. In the case of roads, we have gone from asking the bigger investments in monetary terms for the principal road to more additional investments associated with the road, being the road principal investments mandatory. The evolutin in roads contracts have been in the details of interventions, as commented later.
29 ROAD CONCESSIONS On roads with big traffic values or of strategic importance. Variable road lenght, from around 150 KM, as in Buenos Aires Canchaque to more than one thousand, as in IIRSA Sur. We have autofinanced concessions to concesions with public incomes Advance of asphalt in roads on concession Techinical issues of long term concessions: definitions, as of routine and periodic maintenance; profundity of studies; interferences; relations with the population; articulation with other roads; necessity of regional development plans. Legal aspects of long term concessions: clarity of functions of concedent institution and other participants; contract amendments; Financial themes on long term concessiones: average KM costs dependes of studies level; the financial eq sometimes sacrifice important investments, as security barriers, etc.
30 Road Concessions Id Corredor Longitud (Km) 1 Red Vial N 5, Tramo Ancón - Huacho - Pativ ilca 182,7 2 IIRSA Norte, Eje Multimodal Amazonas, Tramo Paita - 955,1 Yurimaguas 3 IIRSA Sur, Tramo 2 del Corredor Vial Interoceánico 300,0 Sur (Urcos - Inambari) 4 IIRSA Sur, Tramo 3 del Corredor Vial Interoceánico 403,2 Sur (Inambari - Iñapari) 5 IIRSA Sur, Tramo 4 del Corredor Vial Interoceánico 305,9 Sur (Azángaro - Inambari) 6 Red Vial N 6, Tramo Puente Pucusana - Cerro Azul - 221,7 Ica 7 Tramo Empalme 1B - Buenos Aires - Canchaque 78,1 (Programa Costa Sierra) 8 IIRSA Sur, Tramo 1 del Corredor Vial Interoceánico 757,6 Sur (Marcona - Urcos) 9 IIRSA Sur, Tramo 5 del Corredor Vial Interoceánico 827,1 Sur (Matarani - Azángaro / Ilo - Juliaca) 10 Red Vial N 4, Tramo Pativ ilca - Puerto Salav erry 356,2 11 Tramo Ov alo Chancay / Dv Variante Pasamay o - 76,5 Huaral - Acos 12 Tramo Nuev o Mocupe - Cay alti - Oy otun 46,8 13 Autopista El Sol (Trujillo - Chiclay o - Piura - Sullana) 475,0 14 IIRSA Centro, Tramo 2 (Puente Ricardo Palma - La Oroy a Huancay o y La Oroy a - Dv Cerro de Pasco) 370,0 Totales 5.355,9
31 Interventions in the RVN Concessioned Construction, improvement and rehabilitation TRAMO Suscrip. Long_km P Red Vial Nº 5 (Carretera Ancón-Huacho-Pativilca) 15/ene/ IIRSA NORTE, Eje Multimodal Amazonas Norte - (Piura - Olmos - 17/jun/ Corral Quemado - Rioja - Tarapoto-Yurimaguas) IIRSA SUR Tramo 2 del Corredor Vial Interoceánico Sur (Urcos - 04/ago/ Inambari) IIRSA SUR Tramo 3 del Corredor Vial Interoceánico Sur (Pte. 04/ago/ Inambari - Iñapari) IIRSA SUR Tramo 4 del Corredor Vial Interoceánico Sur 04/ago/ (Azángaro - Pte. Inambari) Red Vial Nº 6 (Carretera Puente Pucusana-Cerro Azul-Ica) 20/sep/ Empalme 1B-Buenos Aires-Canchaque (Programa Costa 09/feb/ Sierra) IIRSA SUR Tramo 1 del Corredor Vial Interoceánico Sur, Perú - 23/oct/ Brasil (Marcona - Urcos) IIRSA Tramo 5 del Corredor Vial Interoceánico Sur, Perú - 24/oct/ Brasil (Matarani - Jualiaca - Azángaro / Ilo - Puno - Juliaca) Red Vial N 4 (Pativilca - Chimbote - Trujillo) 18/feb/ Ovalo Chancay / Dv Variante pasamayo - Huaral - Acos 20/feb/ Nuevo Mocupe -Cayalti -Oyotun 30/abr/ Autopista El Sol (Trujillo - Sullana) 25/ago/ IIRSA CENTRO Tramo 2 (Pte. Ricardo Palma-La Oroya-Cerro de 06/oct/ Pasco) Concesiones 5, ,046 1,
32 Maintenance and road development Very limited till Budget only 200 million US dollars for year Now 1,300 million US dollars for a year The maintenance system includes a toll network and weigth control stations In the medium term it has to estabilize around 2,000 million a year, less than 2.5% of the road value. We use as benchmark 5% a year, because we obtein the road value in 20 years, valuing one million US dollars each KM. The application of Medium Term Performance based Maintenance Contracts (MPMC) has been very succesful At the start, 2007, only 25% of the national network in good and regular shape, now it is 85%.
33 ROAD CONSERVATION BY SERVICE LEVELS New concept of Road Administration System. First stage: road maintenance for large economic corridors, emergencies and qualified road inventories. Achieved through mid-term contracts, transferring to the contractor the responsibility of the road condition. Second stage: CREMA contracts, mixing rehabilitation and maintenance activities. The MPMC are applied to big economic corridors, between 300 to 400 KM The five year period was selected to foster competition during the contracting process, because longer periods demand increasing financial capacities to postors The tender reference value is defined using a estándar technology for the periodic intervention that in contained in the contract No important changes on the geometry of the road, emphasis on drainage and security
34 The technology of reference for the tender value is: asphalt emulsion on a 15 centimeters of selected gravel on the road plus impermeabilization plus one inch of asphalt for transit comfort Is one of the so called Basic Pavements. The basic idea is that a road in good shape generates transit that is the principal variable that allows the engineering studies to reach higher technological needed levels Each KM of Basic Pavement costs around 100 thousand US dollars versus 1 million of each KM of definitive interventions (normally with application of hot asphalt) That is the «Proyecto Perú» (Peruvian Project) strategy The contractors have four basic responsabilities: To maintain permanently the good shape of the road, after the first six months The risk is transferred to the contractor
35 After the first six months they do a periodic maintenance, the routine maintenance is mandatory since the start of the contract, they attend emergencies on the roads (floods, earth slides, etc.) and gather informations on the road use (counting vehicles, surveying origin and destiny in trips, etc.) They can use a different technology than the one used as reference for the tender value, as long as it is not more expensive, having opened an space for technology research In the andean worls the attention of emergencies are very frecuent and difficult, having changed the initial contracts to respond to this situation.
36 The idea of continouos road development The centrality on the maintenance activity The only activity that has the entire network as reference Rapid technical change and road use induces road development and not only conservation Any intervention can generate a road investment: emergency attention, routine maintenance, periodic maintenance, security, etc. Maintenance as the contracting of services versus investment as the contracting of works. The difference is profound in the peruvian legislation. The horizon is of convergence: The CREMA contracts.
37 UO Nº Corridor Location Length_km OFFICE OF SPECIAL PROJECTS PERU - PROJECT OPE 1 Humajalso- Desaguadero Puno 207,000 OPE 2 Pte. Camiara-Tacna-La Concordia, Tacna-Tarata, Tacna- Palca e Ilo-Tacna (La Costanera) OPE 3 Cañete-Lunahuana-Pacarán-Chupaca y Rehabilitación del Tramo Zuñiga-Dv. Yauyos-Ronchas OPE 4 Huancayo-Imperial-Izcuchaca-Ayacucho e Imperial- Pampas-Mayocc OPE 5 Cajamarca-Celendin-Balsas-Dv. Chachapoyas- Chachapoyas y Dv. Chachapoyas-Pedro Ruiz OPE 6 Santa -Yuracmarca-Sihuas- Huacracuco-Pte Comaru tramo Yuracmarca-Sihuas -Huacrahuco- San Pedro de Tacna 400,000 Lima - Junin 281,730 Junin- Huancvelica 421,490 Cajamarca - Amazonas 372,260 Ancash- huanuco 280,000 Chonta OPE 7 Lima - Canta- huayllay- Emp 3N y Chancay - Huaral - Lima- Pasco 374,350 Acos-Huayllay OPE 8 Ayacucho- Andahuaylas-Puente- Sahuinto Ayacucho- Apurimac 384,500 OPE 9 Huanuco- La Unión- huallanca- Dv. Antamina Huanuco- Ancash 172,000 OPE 10 Huaura- Sayan- Oyon- Ambo y -Rio Seco-Sayan Lima- Pasco- Huanuco 343,410 OPE 11 Juliaca - Huancane- Moho-Tilali- Frontera Bolivia-y dv. Huancane-Putina-Sandia- San Ignacio OPE 12 EMP 3S - La Quinua -San Francisco - Union Mantaro (Pto Ene) - Punta de Carretera OPE 13 La Oroya-Chicrin- Huanuco- Tingo Maria-Emp 5N (DV. Tocache) OPE 14 Emp 3s Comas. Satipo-Mazamari-Puerto Ocopa-Atalaya y Mazamari-San Martin de Pangoa-Punta de Carretera OPE 15 Dv. Otuzco - Dv. Cayacuyan- Huamachuco-Cajabamba- San Marcos-Cajamarca OPE 16 Emp. 1N Conochocha- Huaraz-Caraz-Molinopampa- y Emp. 3N-Chiquian- Aquia- Emp 3N OPE 17 Carretera Pimentel -Emp PE 1N/ Chiclayo-Chongoyape- Puente Cumbil- Emp PE 3N( cochabamba)-chota- Hualgayoc- y Emp 3N- Santa Cruz-Pte cumbil OPE 18 Carretera Emp. PE-22B (Puente Raither)- Puente Paucartambo-Villa Rica-Pto Bermudez- Von Humbolt y Puente Paucartambo- Oxapampa OPE 19 Emp 3S (Izuchaca)-Huancavelica-Plazapata- Castrovirreyna-Ticrapo-Pampano-Santa Ines-Pilpichaca y Rumichaca OPE 20 Emp PE 18 A (DV. Tingo Maria) Aucayacu-Nuevo Progreso Tocache- Juanui Picota- Tarapoto OPE 21 Dv. Abancay- Chuquibambilla-Chalhuahuacho- Santo Tomas -Yauri OPE 22 Chachapoyas- Molinopampa-Rodriguez de Mendoza- Punta Carretera OPE 23 Dv. Cochabamba-Cutervo-Emp IIRSA Norte- Chamaya- Jaen- San Ignacio-Puente la Balsa Puno 438,800 Ayacucho 306,000 Junin - Pasco - Huanuco - 367,000 Ucayali Junin 472,800 Fuente: Contratos de Conservación por Niveles de Servicio Conservation for service level UO Nº Corridor Location Length km CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT UNIT 37 3, UGC 24 Limite Regional Dv. Bayovar y Via Evitamiento Chiclayo Lambayeque - 261,660 Lambayeque - Mocce - Dv Olmos UGC 25 Puente Ricardo Palma-La Oroya- Huancayo-y jauja- Lima, Junín 349,390 Tarma UGC 26 Dv. Bayovar - Bappo - Sechura - Piura - Dv. Bayovar Piura 253,000 UGC 27 Dv. Las Vegas Tarma La Merced - Satipo Junín 230,400 La Libertad- Cajamarca Ancash Lambayeque - Cajamarca 334, , ,000 UGC 28 Dv. Paita-Sullana-Dv. Talara-Mancora-Aguas Verdes, Tumbes, Piura 437,600 Sullana-Macara y Límite Internacional Lado Peru eje Vial Pisac- Alfamayo-Quillibamba UGC 30 No. 01 Cusco Pisac-Urcos- La Raya- Urubamba Chincheros y Cusco 515,883 UGC 29 Guadalupe- Ica- Palpa- atico Yauri- San Genaro- Sicuani y Huarcapay- Huambutio- Ica, Arequipa 379,780 Junin- Pasco 365,000 UGC 31 Puno - Desaguadero, Calapuja - La Raya e Ilave - Puno 367,500 Mazocruz UGC 32 Atico Dv.Quilca -La Reparticion, Dv.Matarani- Arequipa - Moquegua - 457,820 Huancavelica 290,000 chicama - cascas Pte.Montalvo y Dv.Ilo-Pte.Camiara Tacna UGC 33 Ciudad de dios cajamarca, chilete contumaza y Cajamarca - La Libertad 285,900 San Martin Ucayali 458, ,273 OPE 7.832,340 Apurimac- Cusco 436,000 UGC 3.538,933 Ancash 135,000 Cajamarca - Amazonas 267,000
38 CONSERVATION AND SERVICE LEVELS These contracts in economic corridors look the way roads are in permanent good standing for the final user. Currently we have 33 contracts for 11,371 km.(peru Project and UGC). SERVICE LEVELS: indicators to qualify and quantify the state of one-way service, which normally are used as the permissible limits to which they can evolve their condition of surface, functional, structural, and safety. Indicators are specific to each track and change according to technical and economic factors within a general scheme of user satisfaction (comfort, opportunity, security and economy) and profitability of the resources available. Vial corridor: set of two or more continuous routes that conform to a specific purpose (glossary of terms of road infrastructure). Economic corridor:economic space defined by trade flows between rural areas and intermediate cities of watersheds, sub watersheds and micro watersheds, with a own logic of articulation by the presence of markets, economic potential, connection roads, communications and population (Glossary of economic terms) 38 38
39 CHALLENGES (1/2) Maintaining the level of service to the 100% in good condition. Passing from the traditional concept of conservation to continuous development, considering the tendency of inclusion of the sustainable mobility instead of transport. Passing from the highways Conservation concept to the highways management concept. Implies contribution to the development of the competitiveness and impulse of the economic activity in full harmony with the inhabitants and the territory. Implementing intelligent transportation systems (ITS) and its interaction with the highways users. Inspecting the real-time national road network, through the use of the existing technologies, like the geomantic satellite. Real-time communication for emergency attentions. Road inventory qualified and valued, brought up to date permanently. 39
40 CHALLENGES (2/2) Going toward the encounter of the large Economic Corridors with Pieces of Network. Implies to integrate the national highways system by logistic road corridors and its optimization. Improving the articulation of competences and responsibilities among the different government levels. Deepening the public-private associations: the special case of the mine and energy companies in Peru. Passing from transportation projects to interventions with territorial focus (packages of projects in predefines spaces). Prioritize the attention of the public property : practical solutions to the difficulty of identifying the collective preferences. Ensure resources for investment, operation and maintenance of public property. 40
41 The Future 1. To maintain the national road network in good state. 2. From infrastructure development to sustainable transport, from maintenance contracts to road administration contracts. 3. Incorporation of modern information gathering and processing technologies for the entire network. 4. Economic corridors will be the basic unit of planning and intervention. 5. Towards multi-annual budgets. 6. Incorporation of post-contract services in studies contracts. 7. Towards CREMA contracts. 8. Road and bridge permanent inventories. 9. Progressive introduction of ITS technologies. 10. To deepen coordination arrangements among the national goverment and regional and local goverments.
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