Options for South-South cooperation on transport NAMA s Large Commercial Vehicles Renovation Experiences in Colombia and México

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1 Options for South-South cooperation on transport NAMA s Large Commercial Vehicles Renovation Experiences in Colombia and México Holger Dalkmann and Dario Hidalgo EMBARQ Hilda Martínez, Sayel Cortés, Gabriela Niño EMBARQ-CTS Mexico A GIZ TRANSfer Program Study

2 Where do I find suitable experience on Transport NAMA?

3 Here? (Bangalore, India)

4 Here? (Durban, South Africa)

5 Background Interest of the Government of Colombia tackling climate change and access international support Freight Transport in Colombia: 2% of total emissions, 33% of energy related emissions. Interested in developing a NAMA on the existing fleet replacement program for large commercial vehicles Learn from the experience of other emerging economy (Mexico) Existing project enables support (GIZ BMU ICI)

6 Colombia Current Situation Freight 95% is road based Fleet average age: 22 years 7% trucks are 0+ years old 45% trucks are 20+ years old Freight transport 37% oil consumption 2.9 Mton of CO 2 (2008)

7 Colombia Current Situation Urban Transport Semi-informal, competition on the street for passengers, poor quality Mass Transit 8 Large Cities Estimated fleet oversupply 45% Fleet average 0+ years old National programs co-funding urban transport reform in several cities

8 Colombia Freight Transport renovation program Established in 2008 New vehicles need to replace old ones or pay a scrapping fee ~USD 00 million collected (2008 and April, 20) ~4000 scrapped vehicles ~46,800 tons/year of CO 2 reduced

9 Key Barriers in the Colombian renovation fleet programs (Lack of) Institutional capacity at the managing agencies Complex process, specially difficult for individual owners (majority) Funding depends on new vehicles being added ( scrapping fee ) Leakage due to loopholes in regulation and difficulties in controlling actual scrapping

10 Mexico Freight and Passenger Transport renovation program Started in 2008 Freight vehicles 0+ years old and Passenger 8+ years old receive credit for up to 5% to buy a new vehicle 5,050 vehicles scrapped USD 25 million USD Savings ~892 million of liters of diesel ~2.25 Mtons of CO 2

11 Mexican vs Colombian Renovation Programs Similar needs similar problems Obsolete fleets Dispersed ownership (one man-one truck/bus) Poor registry Key differences Funding sources: Colombia private, Mexico public Institutional settings: Colombia separate for trucks (national) and buses (local); Mexico common federal program

12 Lessons from Mexico Funding source: Money at front from public sources Management through a trust fund; use over several years Improved information and registry: complete database proof of scrapping Registry of new vehicles and its usage (to report actual impacts) Targeting small owners with appropriate financial tools

13 Where do I find suitable experience on Transport NAMA? Bilateral agency as an Facilitator, Funder, Enabler (GIZ- BMU ICI) Local Center with a international network (EMBARQ) Policy Maker as key stakeholder (Mexico, Colombia)

14

15 Cities with BRT/Bus Corridors Guanghzhou, Hefei, Yancheng, Zaozhuang -China Jaipur - India; Pelembang, Gorontalo, Surakata - Indonesia Bangkok - Thailand; East London Transit - UK João Pessoa - Brazil; Barranquilla, Bucaramanga - Colombia 7 Estado México - México; Lima - Perú; Brampton - Canada 6 3 Bogotá TransMilenio Los Angeles Metrorapid Curitiba Source: EMBARQ BRT/Bus Corridors Database, January, 20

16 About 20 cities with BRT or bus corridors 4,335 km - 6,683 stations 30,000 buses 26.8 million passengers per weekday km 6 km Source: CTS Brasil, EMBARQ BRT/Bus Corridors Database, January, 20

17 La Asociación Latinoamericana de Sistemas Integrados y BRT (SIBRT) trabaja por el desarrollo y la mejora de la calidad del transporte público urbano en la región.

18 Barriers in south- south cooperation Lack of funding Lack of programs Examples often North-South Northern expertise sometimes higher valued

19 Countries interested in apply policies that have been successful in countries with the same type of development. International cooperation agencies and multilateral development banks role as Enabler Success Factors

20 Similar problemssimilar needs: South -south cooperation is very effective as conditions, issues, institutional settings, barriers and opportunities are similar Success Factors

21 Opportunities Establish a south south knowledge sharing network Create synergies for the development of transport NAMAs Create funding opportunities Leverage funding from multilateral development banks or international cooperation agencies

22 Thank you for your attention! Holger Dalkmann Darío Hidalgo Hilda Martínez

23 Questions?

24 Colombia Urban Transport Programs Strategic Public Transportation Systems (SETP) Improves public transportation systems in 2 middle-sized cities (250, ,000 inhabitants). Includes restructuring local public transportation and fee collection systems, develop traffic light systems and operation management systems, revise fee calculation methodology and constructing any required infrastructure Started in 2009 with 7 cities and aprox.. million USD (76.% comes from public funding, the rest from private sources). As part of this program, public transport fleets will be reduced since oversupply has been identified in all cities.

25 Colombia Passenger transport renovations programs Mass Transportation Systems (Sistemas de Transporte Masivos, STM) Mass Transportation Systems are used to organize transportation in big cities. o Currently working: Bogotá, Pereira, Cali, Barranquilla, Bucamaranga o Under development: Cartagena and Medellín o Planning stage: Cúcuta The implementation of these systems always includes renovation programs which varies in each city. o As an example, Bogotá's Transmilenio system had by 2002 taken out aprox,500 vehicles. This number increased to 6,04 by Sources: Transmilenio: Sistema Integrado de Transporte Masivo (Bogotá, Colombia). Experiencia seleccionada del Concurso de Buenas Prácticas, consultado 09//. EMBARQ, Evaluación Ex-post. Sistema de Transporte Masivo de Bogotá, Fases I y II, Informe 4, Noviembre, 2009

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