1 Mexican Experience in New LNG Plants 2007 APEC Clean Fossil Energy Workshop Information Exchange on LNG Public Education Campaigns Hans Valadez Executive Secretary, CRE 5-7 November, Guangzhou, China
2 Content Natural gas balance and forecast Mexico s LNG map How to face increasing demand? Community approach-lng Projects Consensus first -Sonora LNG Terminal Conclusions
3 Natural gas demand in 2006 According to the Ministry of Energy (1), natural gas demand was bcf/d in % corresponded to the oil sector; 35.7% to the power sector; 14.6% to the industry, and 1.6% to residential and other services. Natural gas demand is expected to increase at an overall annual rate of 3.9% over the next 10 years. (1) Prospectiva del mercado de gas natural
4 Natural gas balance ,000 9,000 8,000 7,000 mmcf/d 6,000 5,000 4,000 3,000 2,000 1, Consumption Production
5 Natural gas imports ,500 2,000 mmcf/d 1,500 1, Imports Exports
6 Regional demand (Bcfd)
7 LNG permits granted by CRE Marathon (GNBC) Sempra (ECA) Chevron - Texaco Shell (Altamira) Shell (Baja California) Site Tijuana Costa Azul, Ensenada Tijuana Altamira Costa Azul, Ensenada Status Cancelled In Construction Cancelled In Operation Cancelled Capital Structure, Capital/Debt % Long - Term Contract Reserved capacity 100% Cap. 70 / 30 CFE 15 years 235 MM CFD CFE 25 years 500 MMCFD Capacity holders, marketing company 50% ECA; 50% Shell Shell 100% Regasification cap. (bcf/d) Number of Storage tanks Type of tanks Full- Containment Full- Containment Full- Containment Full- Containment Full- Containment Tank Capacity (m 3 ) 140, , , , ,000 Storage capacity (m 3 ) 280, , , , ,000
8 Mexico s LNG map Tijuana Mexicali Ensenada Naco Puerto Libertad Cd Juarez Chihuahua Topolobampo Reynosa Monterrey Matamoros Altamira Cd Madero Yucatán PR Coatzacoalcos Manzanillo Lázaro Cárdenas Toluca D.F. Cd. Pemex
9 How to face increasing demand? Continue promoting investment in: Development of LNG terminals along both the Pacific and the Gulf coasts; Pipeline infrastructure both to strengthen crossinterconnections and access to new LNG plants. A predictable and transparent regulation gives investors and developers the flexibility to structure their projects in a variety of ways; Continue with public education campaigns with: Community Interest groups Local authorities
10 Community approach: ChevronTexaco LNG Project Although the project was cancelled due to externalities, ChevronTexaco developed a very active collaboration with the local government of Tijuana to present the project to the community. A regional office was opened to carry out meetings with the community to respond to their questions and explain the project in detail. CRE participated with ChTx in several local meetings with the community. ChevronTexaco signed a Collaboration Agreement with the local municipality to help a local college and provide them with computational hardware & software, amongst other community projects.
11 Community approach: ECA (Sempra) LNG Terminal Sempra practices a philosophy of active cooperation and support in the communities, forming alliances with institutions to support education, health and environmental programs. Sempra has collaborated with Visión Ensenada 2025, the Business Center and Environmental Board on an environmental conservation and ecotourism project in the region. CRE participated with Sempra in several local meetings to address issues of the project with local residents. Public consultations have been carried out by CRE and investors to respond to safety and security issues of the LNG Terminal. Sempra is the international sponsor of the extraordinary film on Baja California and the Sea of Cortés called Ocean Oasis.
12 Community approach: Manzanillo LNG Terminal Located in the Pacific coast of Mexico, the Port of Manzanillo will have an LNG Terminal to provide natural gas to an existing 2000 MW heavy-fuel oil thermal power plant which pollutes the area. Although this is a Federal project involving 6 adjacent projects, the national concern for the recovery of a shallow lagoon and to preserve the regional mangrove is up in the agenda of several government offices. Local public hearings have taken place to address issues of safety and to listen the opinions of the community.
13 Consensus first Sonora LNG Terminal The reason why to approach the community Who is the Community? A successful case Sonora LNG Terminal & Pipeline
14 The reason why to approach the community Approaching the Community beforehand: A key success factor Community feels considered Community learns about the project through a transparent process Community provides input Process disarms local opposition
15 Who is the Community? W s you must define: Where will the project be located? Who is the community? What does the community need? What will be the community s reaction? When should you approach the community?
16 Project location and description 3 tanks (540,000 m 3 total LNG capacity) 1 bcf/d regasification capacity Dock and mooring installations for LNG tankers Pipeline Approx. 760 km along Sonora Future Pipelines New EPNG pipeline Current pipelines in Mexico Existent EPNG <pipelines in USA Power plant
17 A success case- Sonora LNG Terminal and Pipeline Objective: Community Approach Present Project the Community (locals, Goverment, NGO s, Academic, Experts) before applying to get key permits (SEMARNAT,CRE) Information provided to the community: Mission and Vision of the Company The Project Related Risks Why Puerto Libertad? Benefits (economical and social) Project status Next Steps
18 A success case- Sonora LNG Terminal and Pipeline Structure: Tradicional way Permits & Studies Permits Filing Final Investment Decision Engineering Procurement Construction Commercial Operation Date Community Approach Sonora LNG Terminal and Pipeline Approach Permits & Studies Permits Filing Final Investment Decision Engineering Procurement Construction Commercial Operation Date Community Approach CBWs
19 A success case- Sonora LNG Terminal and Pipeline Execution : The Process Environmental Studies Preparation File Application Expert Panel Consulting Feedback Process regarding Environmental studies CBW Consensus Building Workshops - Puerto Libertad - Hermosillo - Guaymas - La Paz - Tijuana - Puerto LIbertad Total Time 1.0 year Adjust Studies
20 A success case- Sonora LNG Terminal and Pipeline Execution: Expert Panel Consulting Main potencial impacts on Regional Environmental System were identified Need to do a round table with marine mammals experts The objective was to explain the project in order to get qualified opinions as well as possible measures to mitigate impacts (if any) Different research centers involved
21 A success case- Sonora LNG Terminal and Pipeline Execution: CBW (Consensus Building Workshops) Objective Project Insight Opinions and recomendations Consensus Building Methodology, (CBW) Invitation with project information Public invitation to Workshops Workshops include presentation and questions Survey procedure and results at real time, and ongoing feedback Quantify Community perception Benefits Several sector opinions Coverage (community) Risk prediction and management Adjust: Investment decision and timing Studies Permit applications
22 A success case- Sonora LNG Terminal and Pipeline Environmental Studies Preparation File Application Results Expert Panel Consulting Adjust Studies Studies completed with CBW results Feedback Process regarding Environmental studies CBW Consensus Building Workshops - Puerto Libertad -Hermosillo -Guaymas -La Paz - Tijuana -Puerto LIbertad Official Public Hearings Permits Granted Facilitated review process by SEMARNAT Disarmes attacks by NGO s and community in Public Hearings Conditions by SEMARNAT What STP proposed, no more no less Readiness to move forward with other permits, final decision investment and implementation Total Time 1.0 year
23 Key Success : Consensus first, Implementation later
24 Conclusions Natural gas foreseen demand s growth in Mexico will require infrastructure to secure supply. LNG is a critical part in any strategy to secure supply. CRE s predictable, flexible and transparent regulation sets good conditions for LNG projects. Besides current LNG facilities (Altamira and Ensenada) new projects will probably be completed in the following years. Projects at the pacific rim have more demand but fewer LNG sources; projects in the Gulf of Mexico have more sources but would seem to have less demand.
25 Conclusions CRE encourages investors to explain scope of project, safety issues and overall benefits Public hearings involving CRE and investors have always been set up with beneficial effects Although two LNG projects have been cancelled, investors have approached both the community and local authorities to provide information on the project. Investors have opened local offices before the project is presented to CRE to establish a close communication with residents. Cooperation agreements have always been signed with local authorities to provide help, especially to low-income groups.
26 Mexican Experience in New LNG Plants 2007 APEC Clean Fossil Energy Workshop Information Exchange on LNG Public Education Campaigns Hans Valadez Executive Secretary, CRE 5-7 November, Guangzhou, China
27 Terminal LNG de Altamira Terminal LNG de Altamira (Shell-Total-Mitsui) permit was the result of a CFE bid for LNG. Investment was around $400MM. Plant description: 2 full containment tanks (300,000 m 3 LNG capacity); Withdrawal capacity: bcf/d; Dock and mooring installations for up to 160,000 m 3 LNG tankers. Plant started operations on 09/30/2006. So far it has received 11 tankers with a total capacity of 1,516,269 m 3.
28 Energía Costa Azul (ECA) Located in Ensenada, Baja California, project is owned by Sempra LNG. Current customers: Sempra LNG: 50% Shell: 50% Project description: 2 full containment storage tanks (320,000 m 3 LNG capacity); 1 bcf/d withdrawal capacity; Mooring platform allows for up to 220,000m 3 LNG tankers. Investment: $875MM. Start of operations: Q
29 ECA Expansion Project description: 2 more 160,000 m 3 tanks (640,000 m 3 total LNG storage capacity); 2.6 bcf/d withdrawal capacity; 1 additional mooring platform with capacity for up to 250,000 m 3 tankers; Start of construction, 2008; Start of operation, 2012.
30 Lázaro Cárdenas Project Gastream de México, S.A. de C.V., (Repsol) submitted an application for an LNG plant on August 2005 to be located on Puerto Lázaro Cárdenas. Project description: 3 full containment storage tanks ( m 3 LNG capacity); bcf/d (4x ) regasification capacity; Docks & mooring with capacity for LNG tankers from to m 3 ; LNG would come from Peru.
31 CFE s Manzanillo LNG Project Drivers: CFE s growing natural gas demand for new combined cycle plants in the region; Environmental problems with fuel oil power plant in Manzanillo; Uncertainty on regional supply. Project separates gas supply from the LNG facility. Guadalajara 120 bcf/d 500 bcf/d Manzanillo 170 bcf/d 200 bcf/d Total CFE: 1.0 bcf/d Salamanca- Centro
32 LNG supply bid Contract duration: more years if agreed by both parties. Pricing formula: P = 0.91HH - K LNG volumes: increasing volumes to allow for more participants. Bids will have to be submitted by 09/04. Decision will be given on 09/18.
33 LNG supply schedule Min Max bcf/d Q2011 1Q2012 3Q2012 1Q2013 3Q2013 1Q2014 3Q Source: IPD Latin America based on CFE data
34 LNG terminal bid Description: 2 tanks (300,000 m 3 LNG capacity) Regasification capacity: 0.5 bcf/d; Potential expansion for one more tank. CANAL VENTANAS PIPELINE TO POWER PLANT PIPELINE TO GUADALAJARA Port facilities will be a responsibility of CFE. POWER PLANT PROSPECTIVE SITE FOR LNG TERMINAL Next clarifications meeting on 09/06. CANAL TEPALCATES
35 Puerto Libertad Project Terminal GNL de Sonora (TGNLS) is a joint venture project by El Paso/DKRW (50/50). Preliminary engineering has been completed. Environmental permits were granted by SEMARNAT in November and December of last year. In process of applying for other local and federal permits. Currently in talks and negotiations with potential LNG suppliers in the pacific basin. Once LNG supplies are secured, TGNLS will apply for LNG plant and transport permits with CRE.
36 Project location and description 3 tanks (540,000 m 3 total LNG capacity) 1 bcf/d regasification capacity Dock and mooring installations for LNG tankers Pipeline Approx. 760 km along Sonora Future Pipelines New EPNG pipeline Current pipelines in Mexico Existent EPNG pipelines in USA Power plant
37 Other Projects Yucatán Project aims to gasify the peninsula and secure future supply for CFE; Estimated capacity would be around 1 bcm/yr or 1 bcf/d. Topolobampo Project would be anchored by new CFE gas projects in the northwest. Off shore projects Both are linked to underground storage projects and would fit perfect for spot cargoes; The north one has been proposed by Terranova (Tidelands) and could use a new transport line from the Tamaulipas coast to Nuevo León and Texas; The south one would use Tuzandeptl salt dome storage.