Gas Leak Detection and Visualization.

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1 Gas Leak Detection and Visualization

2 Why Stop Leaks of Fugitive Emissions? Loss of Revenue Safety Environmental

3 Our - Services

4

5 Typical Large Refinery 130,000 valves 325,000 connectors 1,000 pump seals 100 compressor seals

6 Why worry about small leaks? On average natural gas processing plants lose between 0.05 to 0.5% of their total production to fugitive emissions Up to 95% of these emissions can be prevented by identification and repair A picture is worth more than a thousand words

7 Why worry about small leaks? Based on facility production, fugitive gas loses may amount to between $2,000,000 and $20,000,000 USD per year This provides a significant opportunity to increase production through fugitive emission reduction Majority of fugitive emissions arise from a minority of leaking components

8 Current Screening Data Most equipment doesn t leak 0-99 ppm ppm ppm %Total Count % Total Emissions 1,000-9,999 ppm 10,000-49,999 ppm 84% of emissions come from 0.13% of Components! 50,000-99,999 ppm >100,000 ppm Taback et al., 1997, API Publ 310, Analysis of Refinery Screening Data

9 Our - Platforms

10 Advantages of Aerial Platforms Rapid Measurement Capabilities Feet above the ground mph 200 mph Capable of measuring complex configuration of GGS pipelines including the lateral lines Detection of leaks in areas that are difficult to access for ground based methods

11 Leak Detection Technologies for Aerial Platforms Lasers Thermal Imaging Systems Gas Sampling

12 Aerial Platforms

13 The - Methodology

14 Current LADAR Metology (Leak Detection & Repair) Detection of gas with Sniffer Current Practice requires every piping component to be monitored individually Sniffer s may miss the mark. In certain situations, the sniffer could pick up a concentration of gas, but not know the source. Organic Vapor Analyzer

15 LADAR & Smart LDAR Current LDAR Program Labor intensive to monitor every component individually Almost all the effort appears to be wasted since ~ 98% of components don t leak Current program is costly Develop more cost effective fugitive emissions Leak Detection and Repair (Smart LDAR)

16 Smart LADAR Cost effective fugitive emission reduction programs should focus on the very high leakers Less than 1% of the component count are the major contributor to VOC emissions Find the big leaks first!

17 Smart LADAR Allow greater efficiency in monitoring large numbers of components Locating very high leaks quicker Quicker repair will result in lower overall emissions

18 Gases Detected and Minimum Detected leak rate (MDLR) Compound Methane Ethane Propane Butane Pentane Hexane Heptane Octane Ethylene Propylene Minimum Detected leak rate (MDLR) 0.8g/hr 0.6g/hr 0.4g/hr 0.4g/hr 3.0g/hr 1.7g/hr 1.8g/hr 1.2g/hr 4.4g/hr 2.9g/hr

19 Detectable Gases Compound - Composto Isoprene 1-Pentene Benzene Toluene Xylene Ethyl-Benzene Methanol Ethanol Methyl Ethyl Ketone (MEK) MIBK Compound - Composto Methane Ethane Propane Butane Pentane Hexane Heptane Octane Ethylene Propylene

20 Gases Detected and Minimum Detected leak rate (MDLR)

21 AWP Cost-Effectiveness Calculator Alternative Work Practice (AWP) for leak detection and repair using optical gas imaging

22 Comprised of Background Understanding LDAR Program Costs Monitoring costs Repair costs Documentation costs Final form of AWP reduces Repair Cost benefits Annual Method 21 requirement to fix smaller leaks Can AWP still be cost-effective on monitoring/documentation-side? What factors are important

23 Cost Calculator - Basics Inputs site-specific LDAR requirements / prog. attributes process information (% viewable chemicals) Outputs current LDAR program monitoring / doc. costs AWP-based program monitoring / doc. costs Based on Sage experience 9-month AWP program implementation study 50+ years combined LDAR arena work experience

24 Regulation In the USA the Environmental Protection Agency requires companies to follow the Method 21 process for their LDAR )Leak Detection And Repair) programmes. This method is less common outside the US but there is still a requirement to carry out leak detection surveys by a method that is acceptable to the regulator. The use of the gas detection camera is permitted as an Alternate Work Practice under Method 21and is becoming accepted as a suitable method in the EU.

25 Screenshot 1

26 CASE STUDY DATA FACILITY TYPE # % OF FACILITY COUNT % OF TOTAL EMISSIONS COMPRESSOR STATIONS % 52.2% MULTIWELL OIL BATTERY % 14.6% GAS PLANTS % 30.9% SINGLE WELL OIL BATTERY % 0.6% WELLSITE 5 1.1% 0.4% SAGD (Oil Sands) 2 0.5% 1.4% TOTAL % 100%

27 CASE STUDY DATA Natural Gas ($/mcf) $5.00 TOTAL TYPE TOTAL # OF SOURCES ANNUAL GAS VALUE CO2e CREDIT VALUE ($15/tonne) EST. COST OF REPAIRS NET PRESENT VALUE LEAKS 2330 $1,378,579 $636,267 $160,000 $2,598,091 VENTS 2513 $4,984,093 $2,014,846 $8,160,000 $11,983,033 TOTAL 4843 $6,362,672 $2,651,113 $8,320,000 $14,581,124 ASSESSMENT TIME (days) 157 AVERAGE / FACILITY LEAKS 5 $3,155 $1,456 $366 $5,945 VENTS 6 $11,405 $4,611 $18,673 $27,421 TOTAL 11 $14,560 $6,067 $19,039 $33, AVERAGE / DAY LEAKS 15 $8,781 $4,053 $1,019 $16,548 VENTS 16 $31,746 $12,833 $51,975 $76,325 TOTAL 31 $40,527 $16,886 $52,994 $92,873 1

28 Videos The following videos are examples

29 Outdoor LPG Compressor Industry: Petro Refinery Application: Verify flange seals do not leak.

30 Outdoor Storage Tanks Industry: Storage & Transport Applications: See Gas Leaks Check tank levels for product Confirm sludge levels

31 Outdoor - Aerial Industry: Pipeline Applications: Scan miles (km) of underground natural pipelines. Helicopter is flying at 300m at 60 knots Notice the dead vegetation surrounding the leak!

32 Let s Fix the Leak!

33 Outdoor Relief valve ~ $ per year!

34

35

36 $ $ $ $ $ Approximately 26.6 Bcf/yr of Methane are lost from storage tanks 1 Bcf= 1 Billion Cubic Feet

37 Vent Component % VENT COMPONENT % 60.0% 52.8% 50.0% 40.0% 30.0% 30.4% 20.0% 14.0% 10.0% 5.4% 0.0% tank hatch/vent inst./controls comp. seal vent open-ended line

38 Leak Process Block % LEAK PROCESS BLOCK % 70.0% 60.0% 60.1% 50.0% 40.0% 30.0% 20.0% 10.0% 16.9% 8.1% 0.0% 3.3% 2.7% 2.7% 2.2% 1.8% 1.0% 0.6% 0.3% 0.1% 0.0% 0.0%

39 Leak Gas Stream % LEAK GAS STREAM % 50.0% 45.0% 46.0% 40.0% 35.0% 30.0% 28.5% 25.0% 20.0% 17.0% 15.0% 10.0% 7.7% 5.0% 0.0% throughput fuel/supply gas storage tank losses process vent 0.7% flare

40 Leak Component % LEAK COMPONENT % 35.0% 30.0% 30.0% 25.0% 20.0% 15.0% 16.9% 16.0% 10.0% 8.7% 5.0% 0.0% 6.1% 4.9% 4.8% 3.1% 3.0% 2.7% 1.3% 1.1% 0.5% 0.4% 0.3% 0.2% 0.1%

41 Vent Process Block % VENT PROCESS BLOCK % 60.0% 50.0% 49.0% 40.0% 35.2% 30.0% 20.0% 17.1% 10.0% 0.0% 8.3% 7.6% 3.0% 1.0% 0.8% 0.7% 0.1% 0.1%

42 Vent Gas Stream % VENT GAS STREAM % 60.0% 50.0% 48.7% 40.0% 38.2% 30.0% 23.2% 20.0% 12.8% 10.0% 0.0% storage tank losses fuel/supply gas process vent flare / vent system.

43 Environmental State of Delaware uses GasFindIR on the ocean!

44 Tank Levels Natural Gas Vapor Butane 7.9 C 5 Liquid Butane C

45 Safety GasFindIR allows to scan a large area and check for potential gas leaks before entering. Personnel can work at safer distance from potential leaks. Climbing to reach for probing can in many cases be avoided. GasFindIR allows you to find the big leaks fast!

46

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