Case Studies on Developments of the Internet in Latin America: Unexpected Results

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Case Studies on Developments of the Internet in Latin America: Unexpected Results"

Transcription

1 << Publications << Information Technologies and Connectivity Case Studies on Developments of the Internet in Latin America: Unexpected Results by Saul Hahn Through the Hemisphere Wide Inter-University Scientific and Technological Information Network (RedHUCyT) project, the Organization of American States (OAS) helped local initiatives in the member states in either the creation or expansion of networks in their countries. Through the years, RedHUCyT became a major contributing force for the development of the Internet in Latin America and the Caribbean region. Many country connections to the Internet were established for the first time through the project's sponsorship. The project provides high-tech equipment, technical support and specialized training. In addition, RedHUCyT sponsors workshops and seminars in the region in order to improve skills, share knowledge and train network managers. Experts trained under the project's programs have, in some cases, become entrepreneurs in their own countries. Initial work with the academic sector resulted in an unexpected partnership among government-university-private sector a cooperative effort that produced vigorous development of the Internet in the region. Close collaboration was established with many agencies, in particular the U.S. National Science Foundation. The United States and other member states provided substantial funding. To match OAS contributions of training, equipment and seed funding, the governments of the member states have made major investments in telecommunications. Recently, the Inter-American Council for Integral Development of the OAS (CIDI) provided additional funding for the project. Computer networking in Latin America and the Caribbean is a relatively new phenomenon. Most of the networks were established only during the past four years. Previously, several countries had e- mail facilities only, in the form of store and forward UUCP or similar connections, i.e., non-real time capabilities and no interactivity. In 1989, Mexico was the first country in Latin America to connect to full interactive Internet. Since the introduction of Web-based systems, many of the regional networks have grown impressively. The Internet research company, Network Wizards (http://nw.com), reports that several nations within the region have more than 1000 hosts each (as of January, 1999). (See graphic.) These statistics include only geographic or "country code," cctld, domains. For example, "br" for Brazil, "mx" for Mexico, "ve" for Venezuela and so on. They do not account for hosts in the countries registered in the "generic top level domains," gtld, ("com", "org", "net" and others) which may increase the number of domains by 15 to 25%, depending

2 of the Top Level Domains, known as TLD. In Panama, for instance, most Internet Service Providers (ISPs) are registered as "com." The academic network PANNET operates under the cctld domain "pa." Regardless, connectivity in the region remains small compared to the more advanced countries. The number of Internet users in the region consists of only two or three per cent of the total world wide Internauts. Following the recommendations of the Plan of Action that emanated from the Summit of the Americas (Miami, 1994), the Central American Bank for Economic Integration (BCIE), the Costa Rican Ministry of Science and Technology and the National Network of Costa Rica (CRNet) agreed to interconnect the academic networks in Central America using the current infrastructure developed within the framework of the RedHUCyT. Recently, the OAS provided an earth station for satellite communication, which enhances the capability of CRNet. Also, funding for satellite facilities was recently provided to the University of the West Indies in Jamaica and to MAYANeT in Guatemala. This facility is currently fully operational. Previously, the OAS had provided Mexico, Peru, Venezuela and Paraguay with ground stations for satellite communication. Today, all of the Latin American and most of the Caribbean countries are fully connected to the Internet. Some of these networks have become national service providers with thousands of users. However, the Summit's Plan of Action encourages further expansion of the telecommunications and information infrastructure, ensuring that the benefits of these technologies will be available to all members of our societies. The Plan of Action, building on the work of the RedHUCyT project, stresses that major universities, libraries, hospitals and government agencies in all member states must have access to information networks. Through RedHUCyT, the OAS is now focusing on expanding the Internet by supporting the growth of local area networks in order to provide the service to many more individuals. Case Studies Paraguay is located in the central part of South America and is a member of MERCOSUR along with Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay. In 1995, the OAS, through RedHUCyT, in coordination with the Universidad Nacional de Asuncion and the Catholic University, established a project to install the first fully interactive Internet node in the country. At the time, the PTT (ANTELCO) could not provide a high-speed circuit outside the country because of lack of infrastructure. Therefore the adopted solution was for the OAS to provide an earth station for satellite communication. The universities paid for the recurrent telecommunication satellite link to Homestead, Florida. The National Science Foundation (NSF), an OAS partner in these projects, paid for the "port charge" connection in the United States to allow Internet access. The OAS also provided for additional equipment like routers, modems and workstations, as well as training and consultants. This new technology provided Paraguay with a technological boost because for the first time it allowed students and professors at the

3 information. This was a new medium quite different from the basic telephony to which they were accustomed. Very soon new ISPs were established in Paraguay, some of these managed by the same students who participated in the original installation at the Universidad Nacional de Asuncion. Also, private companies realized the incredible potential that this technology could offer to their businesses and started to install similar equipment. Some companies, especially banks, used this technology and created private networks. Companies like Uninet, Netvision, Rieder and others were established in Asuncion, the capital city. It is remarkable that this project, which began at the university level to provide Internet access for students and professors, grew into a major development for the country. Companies like IBM and Citibank started to use satellite technology for their private use. Previously, this was not even contemplated because of the lack of personnel trained in the use of telecommunications and information equipment. This, in turn, reduced costs for these corporations and facilitated access to their offices both in Paraguay and abroad. Some ISP were also established outside the capital city. Some companies that have installed this infrastructure include: EDESA: commercial company, with one central station and three remote ones; BNF-Cellular: banking, one central and 17 remote stations; Bank of Parana: banking, one central and five remote stations; and Ministerio de Hacienda: government, one central and 17 remote stations. The OAS/RedHUCyT is currently funding similar projects in Guatemala and Jamaica. Funds to purchase earth stations were provided to both countries earlier this year. RedHUCyT played a key role in establishing the first full Internet connection in these countries. In Guatemala, the first Internet connections were established in 1996 at seven universities and research centers. The implementation was coordinated with the National Research and Technology Council of Guatemala. In Jamaica, the coordinating institution was the University of the West Indies (UWI). Consultants from the National Network of Costa Rica assisted in the implementation of both of these projects in the earlier stages. The new antenna will also be installed at UWI. This is possible because new regulatory policies have now been adopted in the country, allowing institutions such as UWI to operate this equipment independently. There is no question that these projects in Guatemala and Jamaica will allow further development of satellite technologies, as described in the case of Paraguay. Last year a similar project was established in Costa Rica and the antenna is now fully operational to the point of saturation. CRNeT is currently negotiating for more bandwidth with the satellite provider. Guatemala has recently been informed that they will also increase their bandwidth to 512Kbps from their current 256Kbps, for the new antenna! A very interesting project, also sponsored by OAS/RedHUCyT, is Intered in Panama. The first full Internet connections in Panama were established under the leadership of Universidad Tecnologica de

4 established at the Universidad Tecnologica, Universidad de Panama and Universidad Antigua de Santa Maria. Thereafter, several commercial ISPs were established in Panama. The largest have their own independent satellite connections to the United States. The problem was that customers of different providers had to interchange packets through these satellite connections, even for local traffic. With the implementation of Intered this is no longer necessary. Intered is a national access point that allows the interchange of local information without leaving the country. This project, under the leadership of the National Secretariat for Science and Technology, is truly a model for the region. Important technical support for the project was also provided by the Network Startup Resource Center (NSRC) of the University of Oregon. Intered has its own organization and is funded by its members according to its by-laws. Conclusion All of these projects, originally established to allow access to the academic community, had totally unexpected ramifications for other sectors, especially the commercial one. These results encouraged the development of the telecommunication sector due to the introduction of satellite technologies and advanced information systems. But, most importantly, this expansion was possible due to the development of specialized human resources capable of handling and implementing these complex technologies within their own countries in a self-sustaining manner. The author wishes to acknowledge Gerardo Jimenez Guerra from Interlink Communications, Inc. for his excellent private report and communication on Paraguay. He describes in detail the commercial companies in Paraguay that became involved with the satellite technology after the OAS project with the universities. Latin America and the Caribbean Numbers of Interconnected Hosts January 1999 Brazil 215,086 Mexico 112,620 Argentina 66,454 Chile 30,103 Colombia 16,200 Uruguay 15,394 Venezuela 7,912

5 Dominican Republic 4,825 Peru 4,794 Costa Rica 3,261 Trinidad and Tobago 1,944 Ecuador 1,548 Paraguay 1,147 Saul Hahn is coordinator, Basic Sciences and Networking, Office of Science and Technology, Organization of American States. He can be reached by at The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and not necessarily those of the OAS. SOURCE: Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science Volumen 25 N0. 5, Junio/Julio 1999

WHAT S NEXT FOR MOBILE PAYMENTS?

WHAT S NEXT FOR MOBILE PAYMENTS? WHAT S NEXT FOR MOBILE PAYMENTS? ? INSIGHT FROM LATIN AMERICA: WHAT S NEXT FOR MOBILE PAYMENTS? Mobile technology opens new opportunities for both financial institutions and merchants in Latin America.

More information

Education Goals in the Latin American and Caribbean Region. Compiled by Lorecia Roland LAC Education and Human Resources Technical Services Project

Education Goals in the Latin American and Caribbean Region. Compiled by Lorecia Roland LAC Education and Human Resources Technical Services Project Education Goals in the Latin American and Caribbean Region Compiled by Lorecia Roland LAC Education and Human Resources Technical Services Project 1994 Acknowledgements In preparation for the December

More information

Tourism Statistical Yearly Report 2012

Tourism Statistical Yearly Report 2012 Tourism Statistical Yearly Report 2012 The Costa Rica Tourism Board is pleased to present the Tourism Statistical Yearly Report 2012. The information has been collected and organized by officers of Subproceso

More information

Next Generation Networks In support of digital libraries. Luis R. Furlán Member of the board, CLARA

Next Generation Networks In support of digital libraries. Luis R. Furlán Member of the board, CLARA Next Generation Networks In support of digital libraries Luis R. Furlán Member of the board, CLARA furlan@uvg.edu.gt Yesterday s Internet 2 Yesterday s Internet Thousands of users 2 Yesterday s Internet

More information

Capacity building for non communicable disease prevention and control in Latin America and Caribbean

Capacity building for non communicable disease prevention and control in Latin America and Caribbean Capacity building for non communicable disease prevention and control in Latin America and Caribbean Advances and challenges Branka Legetic, Anselm Hennis Pan American Health Organization- World Health

More information

IPv6 in Latin America

IPv6 in Latin America IPv6 World Congress Meeting Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S. Azael Fernández Alcántara February 2006 CONTENTS 1. Introduction. 2. (6Bone) 3. IPv6 in Mexico 4. IPv6 in CLARA Network 5. IPv6 current status in Latin

More information

research brief A Profile of the Middle Class in Latin American Countries 2001 2011 by Leopoldo Tornarolli

research brief A Profile of the Middle Class in Latin American Countries 2001 2011 by Leopoldo Tornarolli research brief The International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth is jointly supported by the United Nations Development Programme and the Government of Brazil. August/2014no. 47 A Profile of the Middle

More information

Quarterly Financial Report

Quarterly Financial Report Quarterly Financial Report March 31, 2014 Table of Contents I. Financial Statements 1 Balance Sheet Income Statements II. Main Financial Ratios 2 III. Details of Loan Portfolio 3 IV. Details of Paid-in

More information

Mathematics in Latin America and the Caribbean:

Mathematics in Latin America and the Caribbean: Mathematics in Latin America and the Caribbean: Project Proposals Commission for Developing Countries, International Mathematical Union I. Name of the project: Central American Regional Doctoral Program

More information

Open access policies: What can we learn from Latin America? Roxana Barrantes Instituto de Estudios Peruanos

Open access policies: What can we learn from Latin America? Roxana Barrantes Instituto de Estudios Peruanos Open access policies: What can we learn from Latin America? Roxana Barrantes Instituto de Estudios Peruanos 8.00 GDP growth 1999 2009 (percetual variation) 6.00 4.00 2.00 0.00-2.00-4.00-6.00 1999 2000

More information

Quarterly Financial Report

Quarterly Financial Report Quarterly Financial Report September 30, 2009 Table of Contents I. Financial Statements 1 Balance Sheet Income Statements II. Main Financial Ratios 2 III. Details of Loan Portfolio 3 IV. Details of Paid-in

More information

Recognition of Judgments 2016

Recognition of Judgments 2016 The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Sin Fronteras, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, and the Asociación Mexicana de Impartidores de Justicia A.C. CALL FOR PROPOSALS Recognition

More information

LTE LATIN AMERICA APRIL 2016

LTE LATIN AMERICA APRIL 2016 LTE LATIN AMERICA APRIL 2016 5G AMERICAS The Voice of 5G and LTE for the Americas 5G Americas is an industry trade organization composed of leading telecommunications service providers and manufacturers.

More information

Goal 4. Reduce child mortality

Goal 4. Reduce child mortality Goal 4. Reduce child mortality 4.1. Introduction Target 4.A of MDG 4 reads: Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate. Monitoring of this Goal consists of three indicators

More information

BOGOTA DECLARATION SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT OBJECTIVES

BOGOTA DECLARATION SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT OBJECTIVES BOGOTA DECLARATION SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT OBJECTIVES The representatives of the national transport and environment agencies of Argentina, Brazil, the Plurinational State of Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador,

More information

REPORT OF THE KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER NETWORK*

REPORT OF THE KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER NETWORK* Distr. LIMITED LC/L.3379(CEA.6/7) 19 October 2011 ENGLISH ORIGINAL: SPANISH Sixth meeting of the Statistical Conference of the Americas of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean Bávaro,

More information

Challenge 1: Learning About the Physical Geography of Latin America

Challenge 1: Learning About the Physical Geography of Latin America Challenge 1: Learning About the Physical Geography of Latin America 120 W Mexican Plateau Tropic of Cancer 110 W 10 0W Rio Grande 90 W 80 W 70 W 60 W 50 W 40 W 30 W Gulf of Mexico Tropic of Cancer Sierra

More information

Education and Training

Education and Training Education and Training Education The William J. Harrington Medical Training Programs for Latin America and the Caribbean 1967 August 2011 Total 3939 Residency Program for Internal Medicine 397 Elective

More information

Mapping Enterprises in Latin America and the Caribbean 1

Mapping Enterprises in Latin America and the Caribbean 1 Mapping Enterprises in Latin America and the Caribbean 1 WORLD BANK GROUP LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN SERIES NOTE NO. 1 REV. 8/14 Basic Definitions surveyed in 1 and how they are grouped for analysis:

More information

REPORT OF BUENOS AIRES

REPORT OF BUENOS AIRES REPORT OF BUENOS AIRES From May 2-4, 2001, the States Parties to the Inter-American Convention against Corruption met in order to establish a follow-up mechanism for the implementation of the Convention.

More information

Receivables Management Solutions

Receivables Management Solutions Receivables Management Solutions Unlock trapped liquidity, reduce costs and make collections more predictable Citi Transaction Services Latin America and Mexico Citi Transaction Services Latin America

More information

Evolution of EU exports and imports of goods with CELAC, 2004-2014 (in billion)

Evolution of EU exports and imports of goods with CELAC, 2004-2014 (in billion) 100/2015-9 June 2015 EU Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) summit CELAC represents the fifth most important trading partner of the EU More than 200 bn total trade The 28 Member States

More information

Ricardo G. Delgado Aviation Security and Facilitation Regional Officer ICAO NACC and SAM Regional Offices

Ricardo G. Delgado Aviation Security and Facilitation Regional Officer ICAO NACC and SAM Regional Offices INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION Implementation Support and Development Section (ISD Sec) Sec) AVSEC/FAL Seminar Asuncion, Paraguay, 23 2424 May 2011 ICAO Training Activities 2010 2011 2011 Ricardo

More information

Survey of LAC agricultural research institutes on technical information management.

Survey of LAC agricultural research institutes on technical information management. Survey of LAC agricultural research institutes on technical information management. FORAGRO Technical Secretariat Area of Technology and Innovation Directorate of Technical Leadership and Knowledge Management,

More information

SUBCOMMITTEE ON PLANNING AND PROGRAMMING OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON PLANNING AND PROGRAMMING OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE PAN AMERICAN HEALTH ORGANIZATION WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION SUBCOMMITTEE ON PLANNING AND PROGRAMMING OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 31st Session, 23-24 November 1998 Provisional Agenda Item 8 SPP31/8, Rev.1

More information

Regional and International Activities

Regional and International Activities University of Miami Law School Institutional Repository University of Miami Inter-American Law Review 2-1-1969 Regional and International Activities F. Orrego Vicuña Follow this and additional works at:

More information

Table 1. Growth of Latin American and Caribbean Medical Schools

Table 1. Growth of Latin American and Caribbean Medical Schools Table 1. Growth of Latin American and Caribbean Medical Schools Country 1969 1975 1988 1992 2004 Argentina 9 9 9 13 24 Antigua and Barbuda 1 Bolivia 3 3 3 7 10 Belize 2 Brazil 30 75 78 80 112 Chile 4 10

More information

The Korea-LAC Scholarship Program (KLSP) Improving Public Management in Latin America and the Caribbean

The Korea-LAC Scholarship Program (KLSP) Improving Public Management in Latin America and the Caribbean The Korea-LAC Scholarship Program (KLSP) Improving Public Management in Latin America and the Caribbean Quality public management is a powerful tool for generating further development. Dynamic civil servants

More information

INTERNATIONAL FACTORING

INTERNATIONAL FACTORING INTERNATIONAL FACTORING November 3, 2011 1 L. Gabriel Segura President and founding officer of CVCredit Inc, a Miami-based company which focuses in USA-domestic and international factoring services. Nine

More information

COSTA RICA: LINKING TRADE AND INVESTMENT FOR INCLUSIVE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

COSTA RICA: LINKING TRADE AND INVESTMENT FOR INCLUSIVE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT COSTA RICA: LINKING TRADE AND INVESTMENT FOR INCLUSIVE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT GETTING TO KNOW COSTA RICA o A small country of 51,100 km2 o With 4.7 million inhabitants o Strategically located in the middle

More information

Latin America. Working environment. Argentina. Belize. Bolivia. Brazil. Chile. Colombia. Costa Rica. Cuba. Ecuador. El Salvador. Guatemala.

Latin America. Working environment. Argentina. Belize. Bolivia. Brazil. Chile. Colombia. Costa Rica. Cuba. Ecuador. El Salvador. Guatemala. Latin America Argentina Belize Bolivia Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Cuba Ecuador El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Mexico Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Uruguay Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Working

More information

FedEx International Priority. FedEx International Economy 3

FedEx International Priority. FedEx International Economy 3 SERVICES AND RATES FedEx International Solutions for your business Whether you are shipping documents to meet a deadline, saving money on a regular shipment or moving freight, FedEx offers a suite of transportation

More information

POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU

POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU Background Data for Noncommunicable Diseases in Latin America and the Caribbean: Youth Are Key to Prevention (June 2013) This background data accompany the PRB data sheet Noncommunicable

More information

Screening for Metabolic Diseases in Public Health System in Brazil

Screening for Metabolic Diseases in Public Health System in Brazil Screening for Metabolic Diseases in Public Health System in Brazil Paula R. Vargas Technical Advisory Committee in Newborn Screening Health Ministry Brazil LATIN AMERICA - 20 countries - Great diversity:

More information

Preventing through education

Preventing through education Ministerial Declaration Preventing through education The Ministerial Declaration Preventing through Education, was approved in Mexico City in the framework of the 1st Meeting of Ministers of Health and

More information

Preparing Tomorrow's Teachers with Web 2.0 Tools and 21st Century Skills 1

Preparing Tomorrow's Teachers with Web 2.0 Tools and 21st Century Skills 1 Professional Development Scholarship Program Preparing Tomorrow's Teachers with Web 2.0 Tools and 21st Century Skills 1 OAS/DHDEC/CIR.031/2012 1) Study venue: The course will be delivered entirely online

More information

Regional Workshop on the Implementation of Rio Principle 10 in the Caribbean Region

Regional Workshop on the Implementation of Rio Principle 10 in the Caribbean Region Regional Workshop on the Implementation of Rio Principle 10 in the Caribbean Region Background Trinidad and Tobago, September 2013 UNEP UNITAR - ECLAC- WRI Preliminary Programme Strengthening effective

More information

Fostering the e-commerce ecosystem in LATAM

Fostering the e-commerce ecosystem in LATAM October 2014 Fostering the e-commerce ecosystem in LATAM Jacobo Cohen Imach General Counsel - Vicepresident of Legal & Public Affairs Current e-commerce situation 2 ecommerce is still in very early stage

More information

Obtaining Finance in Latin America and the Caribbean 1

Obtaining Finance in Latin America and the Caribbean 1 Obtaining Finance in Latin America and the Caribbean 1 World Bank Group latin America and the Caribbean Series Note No. REV. 8/14 Basic Definitions Countries surveyed in and how they are grouped for analysis:

More information

ALICE: The Europe-Latin America Academic Networking Landscape. Florencio I. Utreras Vice President of CLARA June 8, 2004

ALICE: The Europe-Latin America Academic Networking Landscape. Florencio I. Utreras <futreras@reuna.cl> Vice President of CLARA June 8, 2004 ALICE: The Europe-Latin America Academic Networking Landscape Florencio I. Utreras Vice President of CLARA June 8, 2004 Academic Networking in LA NREN s Present Status Argentina RETINA

More information

5G Market Drivers & Use Cases

5G Market Drivers & Use Cases 5G Market Drivers & Use Cases INTERNET OF THINGS CONTEXT AWARE SERVICES PUBLIC SAFETY EXTREME VIDEO AND GAMING APPLICATIONS EXPLOSIVE DATA DENSITY USAGE PSTN SUNSET Public Switched Telephone Network 5G

More information

Latin America: Year in Review 2014

Latin America: Year in Review 2014 INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION TEAM International Elevator Investment Speeches Arbitration in Latin America: Year in Review 2014 International investment arbitration also known as investment treaty arbitration

More information

Construction of Indicators on human resources Higher Education Indicators

Construction of Indicators on human resources Higher Education Indicators Sixth Iberoamerican and Interamerican Workshop for Science and Technology Indicators Buenos Aires Sept. 15, 2004 Construction of Indicators on human resources Higher Education Indicators Jean Johnson-

More information

Prepanet Monterrey Tech Community High School

Prepanet Monterrey Tech Community High School Prepanet Monterrey Tech Community High School Monterrey Tech Private institution founded in 1943. Non-profit Non-government operational support 27 non-profit sponsoring organizations 565 members on the

More information

LAND TENURE DATA AND POLICY MAKING IN LATIN AMERICA

LAND TENURE DATA AND POLICY MAKING IN LATIN AMERICA LAND TENURE DATA AND POLICY MAKING IN LATIN AMERICA by Mariana Herrera 1 Project Specialist Organization of American States Office for Sustainable Development and Environment 1889 F ST. NW GSB-616A Washington,

More information

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN - ECLAC

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN - ECLAC UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN - ECLAC Distr. LIMITED LC/L.2318(CEA.2005/8) 26 April 2005 ENGLISH ORIGINAL: SPANISH Third meeting of the Statistical Conference of

More information

Inter-American Cement Federation

Inter-American Cement Federation Mercury inventories experience from Latin America UNEP Global Mercury Partnership Program María José García FICEM General Director June 18, 2012 Inter-American Cement Federation The cement industry in

More information

TRAINING AND CERTIFICATION PROGRAM FOR DRUG AND VIOLENCE PREVENTION, TREATMENT AND REHABILIATION AND REHABILIATION

TRAINING AND CERTIFICATION PROGRAM FOR DRUG AND VIOLENCE PREVENTION, TREATMENT AND REHABILIATION AND REHABILIATION INTER-AMERICAN DRUG ABUSE CONTROL COMMISSION C I C A D Secretariat for Multidimensional Security FIFTIETH REGULAR SESSION November 2-4, 2011 Buenos Aires, Argentina OEA/Ser.L/XIV.2.50 CICAD/doc.1909/11

More information

FAA International Strategies 2010 to 2014 Western Hemisphere Region

FAA International Strategies 2010 to 2014 Western Hemisphere Region Federal Aviation Administration FAA International Strategies 2010 to 2014 Western Hemisphere Region The Western Hemisphere portfolio includes North America, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.

More information

Health Care Expenditure and Financing in Latin America and the Caribbean [Fact sheet]

Health Care Expenditure and Financing in Latin America and the Caribbean [Fact sheet] Health Care Expenditure and Financing in Latin America and the Caribbean [Fact sheet] December 2012 Overview of Health Expenditure and Financing Current Situation and Trends In 2011, the national or total

More information

REPORT TO MINISTERS Fifth Ministerial Meeting of the Pathways to Prosperity in the Americas Initiative Cali, Colombia

REPORT TO MINISTERS Fifth Ministerial Meeting of the Pathways to Prosperity in the Americas Initiative Cali, Colombia REPORT TO MINISTERS Fifth Ministerial Meeting of the Pathways to Prosperity in the Americas Initiative Cali, Colombia As the fifth Pathways to Prosperity Ministerial in Cali, Colombia, approaches, the

More information

UNESCO s Global Renewable Energy Education and Training Program in a Latin American View

UNESCO s Global Renewable Energy Education and Training Program in a Latin American View Alfredo Curbelo Alonso UNESCO s Global Renewable Energy Education and Training Program Science Forum 2004 UNESCO s Global Renewable Energy Education and Training Program in a Latin American View Introduction

More information

Open Skies in the LAC Region

Open Skies in the LAC Region Open Skies in the LAC Region An Opportunity or a Risk? Prepared for: ACI-LAC Montego Bay, Jamaica September, 2011 0 INTRODUCTION Traditional stakeholder opinions about Open Skies are often in conflict,

More information

The Erasmus Mundus Programme: an introduction

The Erasmus Mundus Programme: an introduction Open Seminar Europe-Caribbean Academic Cooperation and Mobility: Challenges and Opportunities 11 May 2011, Kingston Jamaica The Erasmus Mundus Programme: an introduction Cristina Brecciaroli MENON Network

More information

Maria José Lemaitre Mathew Anderson CHEA 2010

Maria José Lemaitre Mathew Anderson CHEA 2010 Maria José Lemaitre Mathew Anderson CHEA 2010 Background Case Examples: Nicaragua and Chile Trends Lessons learned 2 3 Quality assurance of higher education has become an important global trend. Nearly

More information

PROPOSED SUBMITTED BY THE SECRETARY GENERAL. Office of the Secretary General GS/OAS PROPOSED August PROGRAM-BUDGET

PROPOSED SUBMITTED BY THE SECRETARY GENERAL. Office of the Secretary General GS/OAS PROPOSED August PROGRAM-BUDGET PROPOSED PROGRAM-BUDGET SUBMITTED BY THE SECRETARY GENERAL 2 0 1 2 Office of the Secretary General GS/OAS PROPOSED August PROGRAM-BUDGET 2011 2012 This Page Intentionally Left Blank 2 THE ORGANIZATION

More information

Latin America Roadmap to LTE

Latin America Roadmap to LTE Latin America Roadmap to LTE Erasmo Rojas Director, Latin America & Caribbean 3G Americas www.3gamericas.org Agenda Technology and market update Competition in Latin America Data contribution to ARPU 3G

More information

EU-LAC DRUG TREATMENT CITY PARTNERSHIPS CITY OF SAN RAMÓN, COSTA RICA

EU-LAC DRUG TREATMENT CITY PARTNERSHIPS CITY OF SAN RAMÓN, COSTA RICA EU-LAC DRUG TREATMENT CITY PARTNERSHIPS CITY OF SAN RAMÓN, COSTA RICA Raúl l Antonio Gómez G Guerrero Mayor of San Ramón, Costa Rica World's Mayor Conference on Drugs Goteborg, February 2009 COSTA RICA

More information

Mobile Broadband Update in the Americas

Mobile Broadband Update in the Americas Mobile Broadband Update in the Americas Erasmo Rojas Director, Latin America & Caribbean Erasmo.rojas@3gamericas.org 1 Agenda Market update Technology update Regulatory aspects Conclusion 2 3G Americas

More information

Dealing with Government in Latin America and the Caribbean 1

Dealing with Government in Latin America and the Caribbean 1 Dealing with Government in Latin America and the Caribbean 1 WORLD BANK GROUP LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN SERIES NOTE NO. 6 REV. 8/14 Basic Definitions Countries surveyed in 1 and how they are grouped

More information

The Economic Impact of a U.S. Slowdown on the Americas

The Economic Impact of a U.S. Slowdown on the Americas Issue Brief March 2008 Center for Economic and Policy Research 1611 Connecticut Ave, NW Suite 400 Washington, DC 20009 tel: 202-293-5380 fax:: 202-588-1356 www.cepr.net The Economic Impact of a U.S. Slowdown

More information

Regional Monetary Fund: the Case for Latin America

Regional Monetary Fund: the Case for Latin America Elizaveta V. Ogloblina Assistant Professor International Banking and Finance Department Finance University under the Government of the Russian Federation Regional Monetary Fund: the Case for Latin America

More information

List of tables. I. World Trade Developments

List of tables. I. World Trade Developments List of tables I. World Trade Developments 1. Overview Table I.1 Growth in the volume of world merchandise exports and production, 2010-2014 39 Table I.2 Growth in the volume of world merchandise trade

More information

The Pharmaceutical & Healthcare Industry in Latin America

The Pharmaceutical & Healthcare Industry in Latin America Citi s Online Academy Presents: The Pharmaceutical & Healthcare Industry in Latin America Jamie Davies Head of Pharmaceuticals & Healthcare Business Monitor International Oscar Mazza Consumer & Healthcare

More information

FCPA and Anti-Corruption in Latin America

FCPA and Anti-Corruption in Latin America FCPA and Anti-Corruption in Latin America May 2011 FCPA Enforcement "FCPA enforcement is stronger than it's ever been and getting stronger. We are in a new era of FCPA enforcement; and we are here to stay."

More information

Human Resources Development and Training in Comprehensive Evaluation

Human Resources Development and Training in Comprehensive Evaluation Human Resources Development and Training in Comprehensive Evaluation Cuarto Foro Global de los Centros para el Aprendizaje en Evaluación y Resultados (CLEAR) November 19, 2013 Conduct evaluations Train

More information

Global Smart Business Inc. Field Services Outsourcing Company Global Smart Hands Services

Global Smart Business Inc. Field Services Outsourcing Company Global Smart Hands Services Global Smart Business Inc. Field Services Outsourcing Company Global Smart Hands Services Global Smart Business Headquarter in Boca Raton, Florida Capabilities in 26 countries On-site capabilities 5x9,

More information

COLOMBIA ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE BRIEF October 2012

COLOMBIA ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE BRIEF October 2012 COLOMBIA ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE BRIEF October 2012 1. ECONOMY IN BRIEF Colombian GDP in 2011 reached 5.9%, showing a continuous positive growth rate over the past years. In the third quarter of 2012 the

More information

Regional Advisor in Radiological Health Medicines and Technologies Health Systems based on Primary Health Care (HSS)

Regional Advisor in Radiological Health Medicines and Technologies Health Systems based on Primary Health Care (HSS) .. First Steering Panel PAHO Meeting ACTIVITIES on the International Action Plan on the Radiological Protection of Patients Madrid, XVI Spain, IACRS 19 to MEETING 21 January 2004. Pablo Jiménez, Ileana

More information

Coordinating national investment promotion with subnational investment promotion

Coordinating national investment promotion with subnational investment promotion . Coordinating national investment promotion with subnational investment promotion Investment climate, World Bank Global Market Access from an International Economy Spain: your partner in Europe Business

More information

Last reviewed: 04/21/2016 1

Last reviewed: 04/21/2016 1 Last reviewed: 04/21/2016 1 PAY-TV SIGNAL PIRACY IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN Pay-TV signal piracy is a multi-billion-dollar problem in Latin America and the Caribbean. It poses daunting challenges

More information

Strengthening of the medicines quality control laboratories in the region of the Americas and the support of AMI/RAVREDA

Strengthening of the medicines quality control laboratories in the region of the Americas and the support of AMI/RAVREDA Pan American Health Organization XI Annual Evaluation Meeting AMI/RAVREDA Antigua Guatemala, March 19-23, 2012 SESSION 5: Quality of the ANTIMALARIALS Strengthening of the medicines quality control laboratories

More information

Agrimonitor: PSE Agricultural Policy Monitoring System in LAC INE/RND

Agrimonitor: PSE Agricultural Policy Monitoring System in LAC INE/RND Agrimonitor: PSE Agricultural Policy Monitoring System in LAC INE/RND WHAT POLICY MONITORING IS,WHY IS IMPORTANT AND WHAT HAS ALREADY BEEN DONE IN OUR COUNTRIES? Monitor and evaluate developments in agricultural

More information

FedEx Ship Manager. New Features. Version 2350

FedEx Ship Manager. New Features. Version 2350 FedEx Ship Manager New Features Version 2350 Support Information FedEx Ship Manager Installation During the installation, turn off any virus protection or firewall programs on your PC. These programs may

More information

Avoiding Crime in Latin America and the Caribbean 1

Avoiding Crime in Latin America and the Caribbean 1 Avoiding Crime in Latin America and the Caribbean 1 WORLD BANK GROUP LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN SERIES NOTE NO. 7 REV. 8/2014 Basic Definitions Countries surveyed in 2010 and how they are grouped

More information

The Healthcare and Health Tourism. Sector

The Healthcare and Health Tourism. Sector The Healthcare and Health Tourism Sector Introduction For Bancolombia being an ally of healthcare institutions means to accompany, advise, and offer alternatives to make your projects become a reality.

More information

in the CARIBBEAN Margarita Astralaga UNEP ROLAC February 2015

in the CARIBBEAN Margarita Astralaga UNEP ROLAC February 2015 in the CARIBBEAN Margarita Astralaga UNEP ROLAC February 2015 Content I. Background II. Activities and Achievements III. Options and opportunities What is a green economy? A Green Economy is one that results

More information

POVERTY WITHIN CONTINENTS

POVERTY WITHIN CONTINENTS POVERTY WITHIN CONTINENTS The poverty maps we used to identify hunger hotspots throughout Africa were the main source of data for identifying the Millennium Villages. The maps acted as an organizing principle

More information

AmericasBarometer Insights: 2009(No.22) * Municipal Corruption Victimization 1

AmericasBarometer Insights: 2009(No.22) * Municipal Corruption Victimization 1 This is the third paper (I0803, I0813) in the AmericasBarometer Insight Series to analyze the sources of corruption victimization, focusing on another question included in the 2008 round of the Latin American

More information

TIME AND FREQUENCY METROLOGY WORKING GROUP Working to support time and frequency metrology throughout the Americas

TIME AND FREQUENCY METROLOGY WORKING GROUP Working to support time and frequency metrology throughout the Americas J. Mauricio Lopez R. a, Michael A. Lombardi b, Andrew N. Novick b, Jean-Simon Boulanger c, Raymond Pelletier c, Carlos Donado M. d, and Ricardo Carvalho e a Centro Nacional de Metrología (CENAM), Querétaro,

More information

Wireless Broadband Access

Wireless Broadband Access Wireless Broadband Access Fueling Growth in Latin America, Today and Tomorrow Tony Sarallo Director of Distribution, Latin America Motorola Canopy Products Telephony/IT Connectivity Workshop Santiago,

More information

BRAIN DRAIN IN LATIN AMERICA*

BRAIN DRAIN IN LATIN AMERICA* UN/POP/EGM-MIG/2005/10 5 February 2006 EXPERT GROUP MEETING ON INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN Population Division Department of Economic and Social Affairs United

More information

OPORTUNIDADES SALES & MARKETING DE OPPORTUNITIES

OPORTUNIDADES SALES & MARKETING DE OPPORTUNITIES OPORTUNIDADES SALES & MARKETING DE OPPORTUNITIES MARKETING Y VENTAS 2014 2014 EVENTS ALAS is present at the main security trade shows in our region, and additionally it hosts its flag event the Management

More information

No Data Overlap Area Search and Rescue Region notified to IMO Provisional Search and Rescue Region NORWAY 65 N SWEDEN FINLAND FINLAND 60 N RUSSIAN

No Data Overlap Area Search and Rescue Region notified to IMO Provisional Search and Rescue Region NORWAY 65 N SWEDEN FINLAND FINLAND 60 N RUSSIAN North Pacific Pages 16-17 South Pacific Pages 14-15 Caribbean Sea Pages 10-11 North Atlantic Page 4 Mid Atlantic Pages 6-7 South Atlantic Pages 12-13 European Waters Page 5 Baltic Sea Page 3 Mediterranean

More information

ICT in Developing Countries - Latin America -

ICT in Developing Countries - Latin America - ICT in Developing Countries - Latin America - -The importance of e-gov- Vanda Scartezini ICANN Board Member vanda@uol.com.br The ideas.. Latin America ICT Overview E- gov in LA Understanding the results

More information

World Bank Settlements Week

World Bank Settlements Week World Bank Settlements Week Securities Settlement Systems and Depositories in Latin American Countries Hector Anaya CEO S.D. Indeval and Contraparte Central de Valores Acsda Working Committee Coordinator

More information

AN ISP PERSPECTIVE ON INTERNET GOVERERNANCE

AN ISP PERSPECTIVE ON INTERNET GOVERERNANCE AN ISP PERSPECTIVE ON INTERNET GOVERERNANCE By Brian Jahra, MSc. Founding Director and Spokesman, Association of Independent ISPs, Trinidad and Tobago Managing Director, Caribbean Interactive Multimedia

More information

Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture. Performance. Evaluation. Missions

Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture. Performance. Evaluation. Missions Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture Performance Evaluation Missions Experiences, Results and Lessons Learned 2002-2009 Performance Evaluation Missions Experiences, Results and Lessons

More information

Innovation Fund Accomplishments to Date and Momentum HACU 11 th International Conference, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico

Innovation Fund Accomplishments to Date and Momentum HACU 11 th International Conference, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico Innovation Fund Accomplishments to Date and Momentum HACU 11 th International Conference, Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico Innovation Fund Accomplishments 2014 to Date 1,200 Higher Education Institutions (HEI)

More information

STATUS OF WWW IMPLEMENTATION AND OPERATIONS. Availability of SYNOP, TEMP, CLIMAT and CLIMAT TEMP reports at MTN centres

STATUS OF WWW IMPLEMENTATION AND OPERATIONS. Availability of SYNOP, TEMP, CLIMAT and CLIMAT TEMP reports at MTN centres WORLD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION REGIONAL ASSOCIATION IV (NORTH AMERICA, CENTRAL AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN) WORKING GROUP ON PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE WWW IN REGION IV RA IV/WG-PIW-04/Doc. 4(1)

More information

Advancing Graduate Education in the Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Dr. Thomas J. Dormody, Dean of the Graduate School, CATIE

Advancing Graduate Education in the Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Dr. Thomas J. Dormody, Dean of the Graduate School, CATIE Advancing Graduate Education in the Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Dr. Thomas J. Dormody, Dean of the Graduate School, CATIE HACU 10 th International Conference San Antonio, TX Plenary Session

More information

Argentina s Economy: A death foretold again, or a surprise rescue? Claudio M. Loser Centennial- Latin America March 2014

Argentina s Economy: A death foretold again, or a surprise rescue? Claudio M. Loser Centennial- Latin America March 2014 Argentina s Economy: A death foretold again, or a surprise rescue? Claudio M. Loser Centennial- Latin America March 214 Argentine performance tended to be ahead the world and even the Emerging Economies

More information

TECHNICAL NOTE PROPOSAL INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING STANDARD IAS 2 INVENTORIES

TECHNICAL NOTE PROPOSAL INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING STANDARD IAS 2 INVENTORIES TECHNICAL NOTE PROPOSAL INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING STANDARD IAS 2 INVENTORIES I. BACKGROUND 1. As a result of the meeting of the Central Bank Accounting and Budget Committee held between July 11 and 13,

More information

SWM in LAC: current situation

SWM in LAC: current situation THE SOLID WASTE PROGRAM AT THE INTER-AMERICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK Horacio Terraza Lead Specialist, Water and Sanitation Inter American Development Bank SWM in LAC: current situation Three simultaneous trends

More information

Presentation. Dear Reader:

Presentation. Dear Reader: Dear Reader: Presentation It is with great satisfaction that we present the results of the Coordinated Audit by the Federal Court of Accounts Brazil (TCU) on Information Technology (IT) Governance. This

More information

MOBILE ADS. HUNT Mobile Ads Traffic Q2-2011

MOBILE ADS. HUNT Mobile Ads Traffic Q2-2011 HUNT Mobile Ads Traffic Q2-2011 Report #2-2011 Intro Continuing with the quarterly reports from HUNT Mobile Ads, the leading mobile advertising network in Latin America and the Spanish speaking markets,

More information

Investors Day. 14th September 2010 Roger Alm - President. AB Volvo Volvo do Brasil, Investor s Day September, 2010 1

Investors Day. 14th September 2010 Roger Alm - President. AB Volvo Volvo do Brasil, Investor s Day September, 2010 1 Investors Day 14th September 2010 Roger Alm - President September, 2010 1 ROGER ALM President / Trucks ROSANA POLLIS Legal YOSHIO KAWAKAMI Construction Equipment MONICA BECKERT CFO CARLOS MORASSUTTI Human

More information

INE/ENE. Sustainable Energy For All. Hydro Power Plants Rehabilitation

INE/ENE. Sustainable Energy For All. Hydro Power Plants Rehabilitation INE/ENE Sustainable Energy For All Hydro Power Plants Rehabilitation October 12, 2011 Some background Nuclear 2% ER not Hydro 1% Thermal 40% Hydro 57% Hydroenergy has a dominant share in the power generation

More information

Manufacturing. Sector

Manufacturing. Sector Manufacturing Sector Introduction Taking into account its interest in and knowledge of your business, Grupo Bancolombia*, through its subsidiaries, offers different financial solutions to industry. We

More information

Contents. Public policies on care. Poverty, income distribution, perceptions of distribution and social spending

Contents. Public policies on care. Poverty, income distribution, perceptions of distribution and social spending Contents Poverty, income distribution, perceptions of distribution and social spending - Changes in poverty and its determinants - Income distribution and perceptions of distribution - Trends in household

More information