HIPAA PRIVACY AND SECURITY FOR EMPLOYERS

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1 HIPAA PRIVACY AND SECURITY FOR EMPLOYERS

2 Agenda Background and Enforcement HIPAA Privacy and Security Rules Breach Notification Rules HPID Number Why Does it Matter

3 HIPAA History HIPAA Title II Administrative Simplification Privacy Standards April 14, 2003 Electronic Data Interchange Standards ( EDI ) October 16, 2003 Security Standards April 20, 2005 Amended by the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act (ARRA) and the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (HITECH Act) (2009) Omnibus HIPAA Final Rule (January 25, 2013)

4 HIPAA Background HIPAA applies to all Covered Entities Health Care Providers HMOs, Insurance Companies Employer sponsored health plans Medical Dental Prescription drug plans Vision HFSA EAP HRA Plans not subject to HIPAA HSA, life insurance, disability & workers compensation

5 Employers and HIPAA Fully Insured Plans Both the employer health plan and the insurance carrier are HIPAA Covered Entities No BA Agreement needed between employer and carrier Self-Funded Employer Plans Employer sponsored self-funded health plans are always HIPAA Covered Entities Includes Section 125 Health FSAs and HRAs Employer cannot avoid HIPAA requirements simply by telling TPA not to share PHI with employer TPA is a Business Associate not a Covered Entity

6 Employers and HIPAA Fully Insured Plans Level 1 Fully Insured Plans Access only Summary Health Information & Enrollment Data Summary Health Information is health plan information which contains no individually identifiable information Limited compliance obligations Level 2 Fully Insured Plans Have access to individually identifiable information Must certify HIPAA compliance to carrier before carrier can release individually identifiable information Subject to same requirements as self-funded plans

7 Business Associates Business Associates (BA) Perform a function on behalf of the covered entity involving the use of PHI CE must enter into a Business Associate Agreement (BAA) with all Business Associates before allowing them to have access to PHI Examples of Business Associates Third Party Administers (TPAs) for self-funded health plans Insurance agents and brokers Wellness vendor Law firm (maybe) IT consulting firm with access to systems containing PHI

8 EMPLOYERS & HIPAA THE EMPLOYER/PLAN SPONSOR IS NOT A COVERED ENTITY THE PLANS ARE Health FSA Business Associate Agreement FSA Administrator Business Associate Business Associate Agreement Self-funded Health Plan COVERED ENTITIES Fully Insured Dental Plan TPA Business Associate Business Associate Agreement Insurance Company Covered Entity

9 Employers and HIPAA Organized Health Care Arrangement (OHCA) A plan sponsor may treat all plans subject to HIPAA as a single OHCA One set of policies and procedures One Notice of privacy practices One privacy and security official etc. Self-funded Health Plan Health FSA OHCA COVERED ENTITIES Fully Insured Dental Plan

10 HIPAA PRIVACY AND SECURITY RULES

11 So What Does an Employer Really Need to Do? Establish written HIPAA policies and procedures Privacy policies on appropriate use and disclosure, limited access, physical safeguards, etc. Security policies on securing data, access rights, etc. Polices on dealing with a HIPAA breach Sanctions for employees who violate HIPAA policies Designate privacy and security officials Create/update plan documents, notice of privacy practices, business associate agreements, etc. Conduct security risk assessment Provide HIPAA training for employees who handle PHI

12 What is PHI? Protected Health Information (PHI) Individually identifiable information Related to health or condition of an individual, or the provision or payment for health care Is created or received or maintained by a covered entity Electronic PHI (ephi) PHI that is transmitted electronically or maintained in electronic media

13 Examples of PHI Health insurance enrollment application Report that shows who enrolled in what plan An staff person mentioning to another staff that the plan paid a claim to Burnsville Family Physicians for Bob Radecki A claim report from a dental insurance carrier that contains I.D. numbers An from an employee that contains details about a health plan claim payment

14 Examples of What is Not PHI FMLA medical certification Results from employee drug testing Workers compensation information Life insurance application

15 HIPAA PRIVACY RULES

16 HIPAA Privacy Policies 1. Organized Health Care Arrangement 2. Privacy Official 3. Policies and Procedures 4. Group Health Plan 5. Health Plan Identifier Number 6. Uses and Disclosures 7. Minimum Necessary 8. Authorizations 9. Personal Representatives 10. Business Associates 11. Limited Data Set 12. De-Identification 13. Notice of Privacy Practices 14. Safeguards 15. Breaches 16. Complaints 17. Access 18. Accounting 19. Amendments 20. Confidential Communication 21. Restrictions 22. Workforce Training 23. Sanctions & Mitigation

17 Use and Disclosure of PHI HIPAA restricts the use of an individual s PHI To certain uses allowed by the law To times when the individual gives a specific authorization to use the information Uses allowed without an individual s authorization Treatment, Payment & Health Care Operations (TPO) Disclosures to a Business Associate Other (i.e. required by law, public health, etc.) 17

18 HIPAA Privacy Rules Minimum necessary standard Verification of identity Separation of staff access HR/benefits staff vs. other departments Physical and Technical Safeguards Individual Rights Accounting Rule Right to restrict use and to confidential communications Right to access and amend PHI

19 Employer Specific Issues Employers Use of PHI for Other Purposes PHI may not be used by employer for employment related activities unless the individual specifically authorizes the use Job related physicals FMLA ADA Employers must be careful about disclosures involving spouses and adult children Limiting other employee access to PHI Does the CFO need identity specific health information??? 19

20 Employer Specific Issues Spouse or adult children Restrictions on what can be disclosed to spouse Limited to that individual s own information unless there is an authorization Additional information can be disclosed to subscriber Reimbursement related information EOBs example

21 HIPAA Administrative Rules The Privacy Notice Plans must send notice of privacy practices (NPP) to all participants Many employers depend on carrier to send NPP for fullyinsured plans however you should review carrier s NPP Carrier NPP may not be applicable to employer s plan Plan sponsors may want to create on NPP for an OHCA A reminder that the NPP is available must be sent at least every 3 years

22 HIPAA SECURITY RULES

23 HIPAA Security Rules Security Standards and Implementation Specifications The Security Rule contains 22 standards that must be addressed Administrative Safeguards Physical Safeguards Technical Safeguards Organizational, Policies and Procedures and Documentation Requirements Security measures are appropriate and reasonable Considerations - Size, complexity, mission, purposes of EPHI created, maintained, sent and received..

24 Implementation Specifications Standards Sections (R)= Required, (A)=Addressable Security Management Process (a)(1) Risk Analysis (R) Risk Management (R) Sanction Policy (R) Information System Activity Review (R) Assigned Security Responsibility (a)(2) (R) Workforce Security (a)(3) Authorization and/or Supervision (A) Workforce Clearance Procedure (A) Termination Procedures (A) Information Access Management (a)(4) Isolating Health care Clearinghouse (R) Function Access Authorization (A) Access Establishment and (A) Modification Security Awareness and Training (a)(5) Security Reminders (A) Protection from Malicious Software (A) Log-in Monitoring (A) Password Management (A) Security Incident Procedures (a)(6) Response and Reporting (R) Contingency Plan (a)(7) Data Backup Plan (R) Disaster Recovery Plan (R) Emergency Mode Operation Plan (R) Testing and Revision Procedure (A) Applications and Data Criticality (A) Analysis Evaluation (a)(8) (R) Business Associate Contracts and Other (b)(1) Written Contract or Other (R) Arrangement Arrangement

25 Facility Access Controls (a)(1) Contingency Operations (A) Facility Security Plan (A) Access Control and Validation Procedures (A) Maintenance Records (A) Workstation Use (b) (R) Workstation Security (c) (R) Device and Media Controls (d)(1) Disposal (R) Media Re-use (R) Accountability (A) Data Backup and Storage (A) Access Control (a)(1) Unique User Identification (R) Emergency Access Procedure (R) Automatic Logoff (A) Encryption and Decryption (A) Audit Controls (b) (R) Integrity (c)(1) Mechanism to Authenticate (A) Electronic Protected Health Information Person or Entity Authentication (d) (R) Transmission Security (e)(1) Integrity Controls (A) Encryption (A) Business Associate Contract or other (a)(1) Business Associate Contracts (R) arrangement Other Arrangements (R) Requirements for Group Health Plans (b)(1) Implementation Specifications (R) Policies and Procedures (a) (R) Requirements for Group Health Plans (b)(1) Time Limit (R) Availability Updates (R)

26 Security Compliance Road Map Health Plan Security Compliance Steps Perform risk analysis Assign a security official Amend Business Associate Agreements Implement reasonable steps and develop policies and procedures to address HIPAA security standards Train appropriate staff

27 BREACH NOTIFICATION RULES

28 Breach Notification HITECH Breach Notification Requirements Effective September 23th, 2009 If there has been a breach of HIPAA PHI Notification to individuals Without unreasonable delay and in no case later than 60 calendar days Notification to the HHS 500+ individuals employer to notify HHS immediately Less than 500 individuals employer maintain a log and annually submit to HHS Notification to the media Breach of more than 500 residents of a State

29 Breach Notification Definition of Breach the acquisition, access, use, or disclosure of PHI in a manner Not permitted under HIPAA Compromises the security or privacy of the PHI Breach excludes inadvertent, unintentional or unable to retain PHI Breach is assumed unless it can be proved there is a low probability of harm to individual 29

30 Breach Notification The Act defines unsecured PHI as PHI that is not secured through the use of a technology or methodology specified by HHS HHS has specified encryption and destruction for rendering PHI unusable Safe harbor for secured PHI o Loss of this type of secure PHI would not require a breach notification

31 HEALTH PLAN ID NUMBER (HPID)

32 Health Plan ID Number Self-funded Employers Must Get an HPID HIPAA requires Covered Entities (CE) to follow specific standards for certain electronic transactions Most self-funded health plans must obtain a Health Plan ID Number (HPID) from CMS Nov. 5th, 2014 for large health plans ($5 million in claims) Nov. 5th, 2015 for small health plans 2015 Certification Self-funded health plans will then need to provide a certification to CMS that the plan is correctly processing certain electronic transactions by 12/31/2015

33 WHY DOES IT MATTER?

34 HIPAA Enforcement HIPAA enforced by Department of Health and Human Services Office of Civil Rights (OCR) Enforcement has been complaint driven Privacy notices have HHS contact information HHS has a website where individuals can report potential privacy violations OCR investigates the complaints

35 Enforcement HITECH increases enforcement of HIPAA HHS required to conduct periodic compliance audits Penalties collected with be used to finance additional enforcement Beginning on 2012 a % of penalty collected will be paid to harmed individuals Significant increase in potential penalties State Attorney General has option to pursue prosecution of HIPAA violations

36 HIPAA PRIVACY & SECURITY PENALTIES HIPAA Violations Civil Penalties Each Violation Penalties All violations of an identical provision in a calendar year Due to unknowing violation $100 - $50,000 $1,500,000 Due to reasonable cause but not willful neglect $1,000 - $50,000 $1,500,000 Due to willful neglect that is timely corrected $10,000 - $50,000 $1,500,000 Due to willful neglect not timely corrected $50,000 $1,500,000 Criminal Penalties Fines Imprisonment Clearly applicable to individual employees (not just the entity) for knowing misuse $50,000 - $250, years Other consequences Bad publicity Negative employee relations Damage to business relationships A HIPAA violation means a failure to meet any of the requirements such as failure to: distribute HIPAA Privacy Notice; designate HIPAA Privacy or Security Officials; train workforce; conduct required Security risk analysis, execute a HIPAA BAA before transmitting PHI, and more.

37

38 Top 5 Issues Investigated by HHS

39 Summary Establish written HIPAA policies and procedures Privacy policies on appropriate use and disclosure, limited access, physical safeguards, etc. Security policies on securing data, access rights, etc. Polices on dealing with a HIPAA breach Sanctions for employees who violate HIPAA policies Designate privacy and security officials Create/update plan documents, notice of privacy practices, business associate agreements, etc. Conduct security risk assessment Provide HIPAA training for employees who handle PHI

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