# Solids, Liquids, and Gases

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

## Transcription

1 Solids, Liquids, and Gases nd Intended for Grade: 2 Grade Subject: Science Description: Activities to help students understand solids, liquids, gases, and the changes between these states. Objective: The student will be able to: distinguish between the three states of matter by analyzing the properties; categorize matter into the three states; classify examples by comparing their properties. State Framework addressed: Science Framework 8: Examine the different types of observable and measurable changes that matter can undergo. Science Framework 8a: Observe and discuss the transformation of solids, liquids, and gases. Science Framework 8b: Identify solids, liquids, and gases as states of matter. Science Framework 8c: Determine the properties of the states of matter by experimenting. National Standard addressed: Content Standard B: Physical Science : Please refer to the specific activity. Background: Matter is everything that takes up space, and has mass. All things in the universe are made of matter. The four forms of matter are: solids, NSF North Mississippi GK-8 1

2 liquids, gases and plasmas. Traditionally only the first three of these states of matter are taught to elementary students because there is no way to demonstrate the properties of plasma since they are not naturally occurring on earth. A solid is anything that has its own shape. A liquid flows and will take the shape of the container it is in. A gas, though not visible, will spread out and fill available space. Matter can change from one form to another. There are two types of changes of matter: physical and chemical changes. An example of a physical change is ice melting into water, water boiling and becoming a gas, or the reverse of each of these. Physical changes are said to be reversible. An example of a chemical change is wood burning to become ash. Since this change can not be reversed, it is said to be an irreversible change. Matter can be measured in terms of mass, volume, length, and temperature. An objects mass can be measured in terms of pounds, ounces, grams, kilograms, and many other units. Volume can be measured in terms of milliliters, liters, fluid ounces, cups, pints, quarts, and many others. Similarly length can be measured in inches, feet, centimeters, meters, and others. o o Temperatures are commonly measured in F (degrees Fahrenheit) or C (degrees Celsius). : Before performing the activities included in this folder, students need to have been introduced to the three states of matter, their properties, and the concept of changes between the different states of matter. These activities can be used as reinforcement to ensure that the students understand matter and the changes that matter can undergo. Evaluation: Evaluation can be performed by using the worksheets to assess the students understanding of matter and its properties or by having the students write about the activities and what they learned from the activities. Extended Activities: NSF North Mississippi GK-8 2

3 Ask the students to bring in pictures they have cut out of magazines and lead a group discussion to classify each using the properties of each of the states of matter s: html site by: Olivia Ingersoll and Jeanette Voet Prepared by: Adam Smith NSF NMGK-8 University of Mississippi December, 2003 NSF North Mississippi GK-8 3

4 Activity One The Properties of Matter The objective of this activity is to teach the properties of the three states of matter. plastic cup three zip-lock bags water marbles Fill the first bag with the marbles. Ask the students what state of matter is in the bag. Take out the marbles and let each student hold one. Ask if the marbles take up space? Do they have weight? Do they keep their shape? Ask for other examples of solids. Fill the second bag with water. Ask the students what state of matter is in the bag. Pour some of the water into the plastic cup. Ask if the water takes up space? Does it have weight? Does it keep its shape? Ask for other examples of liquids. Open the third bag and blow some air into the bag and shut it. Ask the students what state of matter is in the bag. Ask if the air takes up space? Does it have weight? Except either yes or no for this although the correct answer is yes. Does it keep its shape? Ask for other examples of gases. tml site by: Olivia Ingersoll and Jeanette Voet NSF North Mississippi GK-8 4

5 Name Activity 1 The Properties of Matter What type of matter is in bag 1? Does it take up space? Does it keep its shape? Does it have weight? What is another example of this type of matter? What type of matter is in bag 2? Does it take up space? Does it keep its shape? Does it have weight? What is another example of this type of matter? NSF North Mississippi GK-8 5

6 What type of matter is in bag 3? Does it take up space? Does it keep its shape? Does it have weight? What is another example of this type of matter? NSF North Mississippi GK-8 6

7 Activity Two Paper Towel Magic The objective of this activity is to teach children that gases take up space. plastic tub water plastic cup paper towel Fill the tub with water. Place a paper towel in the bottom of the plastic cup. Be sure that the paper towel will not fall out when turned upside down. Ask the children to predict whether the paper towel placed in the bottom of the cup turned upside down will get wet when placed in the water. Demonstrate that the paper towel does not get wet. Ask why this happened and what state of matter is responsible for this. Explain that the air trapped in the cup keeps the water from coming into the cup and wetting the paper towel. tml site by: Olivia Ingersoll and Jeanette Voet NSF North Mississippi GK-8 7

8 Activity Three Sink or Float The objective of this activity is to demonstrate the property of mass. marble super bounce ball the same size as the marble plastic tub water Fill the tub with water. Let the children hold the marble and the bounce ball. Both balls should be the same size so that the students can draw a direct correlation between mass per volume and whether an object sinks or floats. Ask which ball is heavier. Ask the children if each one will sink or float. Does the fact that the marble is heavier have something to do with the fact that it sinks? Explain why the marble sinks and the bounce ball floats. tml site by: Olivia Ingersoll and Jeanette Voet NSF North Mississippi GK-8 8

9 Activity Four The objective of this activity is to demonstrate the change of liquid water to water vapor. plastic jar with a wide mouth rubber glove matches water Barely cover the bottom of the jar with water. Hang the glove inside the jar with its fingers pointing down, and stretch the glove's open end over the mouth of the jar to seal it. Insert your hand into the glove and pull it quickly outward without disturbing the jar's seal. Nothing will happen. Next, remove the glove, drop a lit match into the jar, and replace the glove. Pull outward on the glove once more. Fog forms inside the jar when you pull the glove outward and disappears when the glove snaps back. The fog will form for 5 to 10 minutes before the smoke particles settle and have to be replenished. Water molecules are present in the air inside the jar, but they are in the form of an invisible gas, or vapor, flying around individually and not sticking to one another. When you pull the glove outward, you allow the air in the jar to expand. In expanding, the air must do work, which means that it loses some of its thermal energy, which in turn means that its molecules (including those of the water vapor), slow down slightly. This is a roundabout way of saying that the air becomes cooler! When the water molecules slow NSF North Mississippi GK-8 9

10 down, they can stick to each other more easily, so they begin to bunch up in tiny droplets. The particles of smoke in the jar help this process along: The water molecules bunch together more easily when there is a solid particle to act as a nucleus. When you push the glove back in, you warm the air in the jar slightly, which causes the tiny droplets to evaporate and again become invisible. Ask the children what type of change the water is going through. Explain that the change is a physical change because the water is only changing from one state to another and back again. What two states of matter are involved in this change? You can use this activity to tie in the water cycle if you have covered it prior to performing this experiment. NSF North Mississippi GK-8 10

11 Activity Five The Three States of Water The objective of this activity is to demonstrate the properties of the three states of matter. 3 balloons water scissors empty bowl Before performing this activity have several balloons filled with frozen water, several filled with water, and several filled with air. Tell children they are going to investigate the contents of the three balloons and write down their observations. They will feel the frozen balloons; cut the rubber off with scissors. Discuss what they see and feel. Do the same with the water balloon, observing the properties of the water both when it is in the balloon and as they pour it into the bowl. Record observations. Feel balloon with air. Let air out. Write observations. Encourage use of descriptive words such as "hard, invisible, wet, splashy," etc. discuss all observations of all groups. Combine onto large chart with the three headings of solid, liquid, gas. Try to accept all observations as valid. NSF North Mississippi GK-8 11

12 Activity Six Space Matters The objective of this activity is to demonstrate that all matter is made of molecules and the spacing of these molecules determines the state of matter. pieces of three different colored paper Begin by telling the children that all matter is composed of tiny particles called molecules. There should be about 10 pieces of yellow paper, 4 pieces of blue paper, and 2 pieces of red paper. Pass out colored papers. Have a square of about five feet by five feet taped off on the floor of your classroom. Have all the children with yellow paper come up and stand in the square. Have them try to move around staying in the square. Explain to the class that this is representative of a solid. The molecules of solids are packed very closely and have very little room to move and this is why solids maintain their shape. Have all the children with blue paper come and stand in the square. It will be easier for them to move around. Explain that this is representative of liquids and this is why they conform to the shape of their container. Have the children with the red paper come and stand in the square. Explain that this is representative of gas. The molecules can easily move around and this is why they fill their container. Repeat this activity to get the children to understand the concept of molecules. NSF North Mississippi GK-8 12

13 Activity Seven Alka-Seltzer Magic The objective of this activity is to demonstrate that gases take up space. vinegar alka-seltzer or baking soda one-hole stopper and clear bottle a second clear bottle rubber tubing (about 8 inches) or two flexible straws taped together Explain that children will see how another gas, carbon dioxide, takes up space. Fill one bottle to the top with water. Put baking soda or alkaseltzer in second bottle, add vinegar, and quickly stop up the bottle with the stopper, which has the hose or straws inserted in it. Place the other end of the hose or straw in the bottle of water and observe the action of the carbon dioxide as it is released in the water. (The reaction lasts for only a short time) Discuss what happened, why, and what we learned about the gas. NSF North Mississippi GK-8 13

14 Activity Eight The objective of this activity is to demonstrate the concept of evaporation as a change in state of matter. water, alcohol, brown paper bag, 2 plastic cups, cotton swabs Dip one cotton swab in alcohol and another in water. Ask the students to predict which liquid will evaporate faster. Make a quick swipe of each liquid on a separate area of brown paper from a paper bag. Blow on the lines and see which one disappears first. Have the students figure out which evaporated faster. NSF North Mississippi GK-8 14

15 Activity Nine The objective of this activity is to demonstrate the concept of condensation as a change in state of matter. Glass cups or jars, ice cubes, cold water Distribute a glass cup or jar to each group. Do the cups feel wet or dry? Fill the cups with ice and add cold water to them. Do the cups feel wet or dry? Let the cups sit for one half hour. What do you notice about the outside of your cups? Are they wet or dry? Where did the water come from? Students can leave the ice water glasses out overnight or for several hours. If the class had studied evaporation, then discuss with them what happened to the water on the outside of the glass. NSF North Mississippi GK-8 15

Chapter 2 Student Reading Atoms and molecules are in motion We warm things up and cool things down all the time, but we usually don t think much about what s really happening. If you put a room-temperature

### Test Bank - Chapter 2 Multiple Choice

Test Bank - Chapter 2 The questions in the test bank cover the concepts from the lessons in Chapter 2. Select questions from any of the categories that match the content you covered with students. The

### 4 TH GRADE AIR AND AIR PRESSURE

4 TH GRADE AIR AND AIR PRESSURE Summary: Students experiment with air by finding that it has mass and pressure. Warm air is less dense than cool air and this is tested using a balance. Students experiment

### Gases & Volumes: CO2 & 02. Grade 7 Activity Plan

Gases & Volumes: CO2 & 02 Grade 7 Activity Plan 1 Gases & Volumes Objectives: 1. To show that gases occupy volume by inflating a balloon with the carbon dioxide produced from the reaction between vinegar

### Scientist Guide. Let s Talk About the Weather. Introduction

Scientist Guide Let s Talk About the Weather Introduction Agriculture is highly dependent on the weather. Ever since the first seed was sown, farmers have been watching the sky and hoping for good weather.

### Category III Physical science examples

Category III Physical science examples Providing variety of phenomena Chemistry That Applies A sufficient number and variety of phenomena are used to support each of the key ideas. For the idea that mass

### CONVECTION. cold water (red)

CONVECTION Name(s) PART 1 Convection and Density The physical world around us is constantly changing. The activities in this section of the unit will introduce a new model (convection) which is very powerful

### Climate Discovery Teacher s Guide

Unit: Cycles Lesson: 1 Materials & Preparation Time: Preparation: 40 min Teaching: 40 min Discussion: 30 min Materials for Teacher Balloon filled with automobile exhaust (see Advanced Preparation) Beaker

### Review and apply Investigation 6. Let s review Pages

Review and apply Investigation 6 Let s review Pages 376-377 1. Think back to the movement of the color in hot and cold water. Does adding heat energy make water molecules move faster, slower, or have no

### EARLY Elementary States of Matter

EARLY Elementary States of Matter Preparation Grade Level: K-2 Group Size: 25-30 Time: 45 minutes Presenters: 3-5 Objectives: The lesson will enable students to: Define three states of matter. Describe

### Table of contents. Introduction...ix. The National Science Education Standards...1. Features of Inquiry in Action investigations and activities...

Table of contents Introduction...ix The National Science Education Standards...1 Inquiry... 1 Selected science teaching standards... 4 Inquiry content standards... 6 Physical science content standards...

### Danielle Abrahamson and Susan Michalek, Academy of Charter Schools, Denver, Colorado Four lessons over a period of five to seven days

MATTER: Grade Level: Presented by: Length of Unit: ITS STATES AND PROPERTIES First Grade Danielle Abrahamson and Susan Michalek, Academy of Charter Schools, Denver, Colorado Four lessons over a period

### Carbon Dioxide Properties

VANDERBILT STUDENT VOLUNTEERS FOR SCIENCE http://studentorgs.vanderbilt.edu/vsvs Carbon Dioxide Properties Spring 2012 Goal: To introduce students to various properties of CO 2. To illustrate that changes

### Balloon Inside a Bottle

Balloon Inside a Bottle What is Needed * One small party balloon * One small bottle. A 16 ounce pop bottle works well. What to Do Put approximately 1 tablespoon of water into the empty pop bottle. Then

### Materials: Large clear container with lid Uncooked popcorn or rice Metal ball bearing (about the size of a ping-pong ball) Ping-pong ball

Investigation: 01 Magic Ping-Pong Ball Amaze your family and friends with this illusion. Large clear container with lid Uncooked popcorn or rice Metal ball bearing (about the size of a ping-pong ball)

### Properties of Materials Investigation Choose five objects in your classroom. Fill out the chart below to describe the material in the object.

Classwork #1 Properties of Materials Properties of Materials Investigation Choose five objects in your classroom. Fill out the chart below to describe the material in the object. Item Color Texture Size

### Order of the Weather Experiments

Order of the Weather Experiments 1. Staying Dry Towel in bottle--student i. Magic Air Pushing the stick down-- Student ii. Air Power Water in funnel--teacher 2. Tipping the Scale Weighing air--student

### Physical Changes to Matter

Science Unit: Lesson 3: Matter Physical Changes to Matter School year: 2004/2005 Developed for: Developed by: Grade level: Duration of lesson: Queen Alexandra Elementary School, Vancouver School District

Science Centers Grade 4 Science Strand A Density & Volume Benchmark SC. A. 1.2.1 The student determines that the properties of materials (e.g., density and volume) can be compared and measured (e.g., using

### The Sun and Water Cycle

reflect Have you ever jumped in a puddle or played in the rain? If so, you know you can get very wet. What you may not know is that a dinosaur could have walked through that same water millions of years

### Experiments for Families

ACIDS EATING MY NOSE! Acid rain is more acidic than normal rain and forms through a complex process of chemical reactions involving air pollution. The two most important pollutants that contribute to acid

### What is Water? Monty C. Dozier Assistant Professor and Extension Water Resources Specialist

SCS-2005-12 Water and Me Series What is Water? Monty C. Dozier Assistant Professor and Extension Water Resources Specialist Water is found everywhere in the air, on and under the ground, in living things,

### SCIENCE IDEAS CURRICULUM FRAMEWORK: CHEMISTRY (K-8)

Page 1 SCIENCE IDEAS CURRICULUM FRAMEWORK: CHEMISTRY (K-8) Note: The following represents the results of a hierarchical conceptual analysis of Florida K-8 Big Ideas in Chemistry. In doing so, a perspective

CFL.MadScience.org MadScienceRocks@gmail.com YouTube.com/KineticKylie Welcome to Mad Science! The Scientific Method 1. Question- What do you want to find out? 2. Observation- What do you notice? 3. Hypothesis

### Cooking with Chemistry

Cooking with Chemistry GRADE LEVELS: Grades 4 th 8 th CONCEPTS: Chemical Change Physical Change OBJECTIVES: Explore chemical and physical changes that are part of cooking, and eat some of your experiments.

### Chemical versus Physical Changes

Chemical versus Physical Changes Permission to Copy - This document may be reproduced for non-commercial educational purposes Copyright 2009 General Electric Company What are physical and chemical changes?

### One to two class periods depending on how much of the lab set-up is done before hand and the length of the pre-lab and follow-up discussions.

Can Gases Act Like a Greenhouse? Adapted from www.planetconnecticut.org Students conduct a controlled experiment to confirm whether a gas -- in this case, carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) -- can act like a greenhouse.

### Grade 5 Standard 1 Unit Test A Matter. Multiple Choice.

Grade 5 Standard 1 Unit Test A Matter Multiple Choice. 1. A house made of toy blocks is weighed. It is taken apart and each block weighed separately. If the weight of all the blocks is added, what will

### Chapter 2, Lesson 1: Heat, Temperature, and Conduction

Chapter 2, Lesson 1: Heat, Temperature, and Conduction Key Concepts Adding energy (heating) atoms and molecules increases their motion, resulting in an increase in temperature. Removing energy (cooling)

### Parents and Educators: use #CuriousCrew #CuriosityGuide to share what your Curious Crew learned!

Investigation: 01 Balloon in a Bottle There s a secret to blowing up a balloon in a bottle. 1 liter plastic bottle Balloon Nail Hammer Container of water (for variation) 1) Place a latex balloon inside

### STEM Activity Idea: CRYSTAL SNOWFLAKE Program Level: Brownie Learn how crystals are formed, and create your own snowflake that won t melt!

CRYSTAL SNOWFLAKE Learn how crystals are formed, and create your own snowflake that won t melt! - string (12 inches) - wide mouth jar - white pipe cleaner - food coloring (optional) - long spoon - tablespoon

### Scientist Badge Pack Holiday 1997

Scientist Badge Pack Holiday 1997 Topics Floating and Sinking Movement and Mechanics The Natural World Light Electricity and Magnets Materials needed for Floating and Sinking. Floating and Sinking Bowls.

### Properties of Water. reflect. look out! what do you think?

reflect Water is found in many places on Earth. In fact, about 70% of Earth is covered in water. Think about places where you have seen water. Oceans, lakes, and rivers hold much of Earth s water. Some

### HUMAN BODY SECTION 6: RESPIRATION From Hands on Science by Linda Poore, 2003.

HUMAN BODY SECTION 6: RESPIRATION From Hands on Science by Linda Poore, 2003. STANDARDS: Students know how blood circulates through the heart chambers, lungs, and body, and how carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) and

### HALLOWEEN DRY ICE SECRETS. 13 Amazing Science Experiments Using Dry Ice

HALLOWEEN DRY ICE SECRETS 13 Amazing Science Experiments Using Dry Ice DRY ICE SCIENCE Halloween is the perfect time for oozing, bubbling, eye-catching science! If you love to perform science demonstrations,

### Grade 5 Science Unit A: Physical Science Chapter 1: Building Blocks of Matter Lesson 1: What are properties of matter?

Grade 5 Science Unit A: Physical Science Chapter 1: Building Blocks of Matter Lesson 1: What are properties of matter? matter Any substance, liquid, solid, or gas, that occupies space. elements The building

### 3-5 Physical Sciences

3-5 Physical Sciences Students demonstrate an understanding of the composition of physical systems and the concepts and principles that describe and predict physical interactions and events in the natural

### Miami-Dade County Public Schools Curriculum and Instruction (Science)

Miami-Dade County Public Schools Curriculum and Instruction (Science) Required GRADE 5 ESSENTIAL SCIENCE Laboratory Activities QUARTER 2 LABORATORIES LAB # 8: AROUND AND AROUND IT GOES! Grade 5 Essential

### Henry8SCI3 (H8SCI_MATTER) 1. Look carefully at the pictures below. Which picture shows only a physical change in the wood?

Name: Date: 1. Look carefully at the pictures below. Which picture shows only a physical change in the wood? A. B. C. D. 2. During a science lab investigating chemical reactions, Mrs. Gray's students placed

### Air Pressure Pressure in the real world

Air Pressure Pressure in the real world OBJECTIVES Students will conduct experiments and collect data. Students will learn how air pressure affects real-world phenomena. Students will gain an understanding

### Chapter Test A. States of Matter MULTIPLE CHOICE. a fixed amount of STAs2 a. a solid. b. a liquid. c. a gas. d. any type of matter.

Assessment Chapter Test A States of Matter MULTIPLE CHOICE Write the letter of the correct answer in the space provided. 1. Boyle s law explains the relationship between volume and pressure for a fixed

### Bend a pencil without magic.

Bend a pencil without magic. What you need: Pencil Water Clear glass Activity: Half a fill a glass with water. Place the pencil in the water. Look at the pencil from the top. Now look at the pencil from

### First Grade Unit A: PHYSICAL SCIENCE Chapter 1: Observing Solids, Liquids and Gases Lessons 1 to 5

First Grade Unit A: PHYSICAL SCIENCE Chapter 1: Observing Solids, Liquids and Gases Lessons 1 to 5 Physical Science Overview Materials (matter) come in different forms. Water can be rain falling (liquid)

### Michael Faraday s T he Chemical Histor y of a Cand le

Michael Faraday s T he Chemical Histor y of a Cand le with Guides to L ectures, Teaching Guides & Student Activities This PDF is free for you to view and share for non-commercial purposes. Be sure to check

### PHYSICAL SCIENCE HONORS SUMMER PACKET 2016 SUMMER PACKET

PHYSICAL SCIENCE HONORS SUMMER PACKET 2016 SUMMER PACKET Student Name: 2015-2016 Teacher: PHYSICAL SCIENCE HONORS - SUMMER PACKET 1. You spill a little water on a tile floor but don t have time to wipe

### Water, Water, Everywhere!

Water, Water, Everywhere! Standard(s) Addressed: Physical Science Students know water can be a liquid or a solid and can be made to change back and forth from one form to the other. Students know water

### High Flying Balloons

Second Grade Science Design Brief High Flying Balloons Background: In our study of science we have been investigating the three stages of matter: solids, liquids and gases. You will use your knowledge

Chapter 3 Student Reading If you hold a solid piece of lead or iron in your hand, it feels heavy for its size. If you hold the same size piece of balsa wood or plastic, it feels light for its size. The

### DENSITY. reflect. look out! 6.6B

6.6B reflect Imagine that it is a very hot day. You decide to cool a glass of water by placing several ice cubes in the drink. What happens when you drop the ice into the water? Likely, when you place

### CLASSROOM TEST OF SCIENTIFIC REASONING

CLASSROOM TEST OF SCIENTIFIC REASONING Multiple Choice Version Directions to Students: This is a test of your ability to apply aspects of scientific and mathematical reasoning to analyze a situation to

### Lemon Fizz. Your Activity Identify three unlabeled white powders from the kitchen by observing how one reacts with water and with each other.

Lemon Fizz Your Activity Identify three unlabeled white powders from the kitchen by observing how one reacts with water and with each other Material Baking Soda Lemon Juice Liquid Dishwashing Soap (e.g.

### Clouds, Clouds, Everywhere

1 Clouds, Clouds, Everywhere Grade Level 1 st Grade_ Standards Connection(s): Earth Science: Weather can be observed, measured, and described. Physical Science: States of Materials. Solids, liquids, gases

### Sometimes you feel too hot. Sometimes you feel too cold. How do you cool off? How do you warm up?

reflect Sometimes you feel too hot Sometimes you feel too cold How do you cool off? How do you warm up? The fire gives the boys heat The fan cools the man Take another look at these pictures How does the

### Matter Matters: Solids, Liquids, and Gases

March 13-15, 1997 Matter Matters: Solids, Liquids, and Gases Grade Level: First Grade Presented by: Mary Coughlin Carolyn Bradley Serna Elementary Serna Elementary, San Antonio, Texas San Antonio, Texas

### KINDERGARTEN WATER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

KINDERGARTEN WATER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES WATER CYCLE OVERVIEW OF KINDERGARTEN WEEK 1. PRE: Defining the states of matter. LAB: Discovering the properties of water. POST: Analyzing the water

### Exploring Heat Energy (60 min) Introductory Session with slideshow, animations, activities, and Keep the Hot Cocoa Hot Team Challenge

1 6 Introductory Session with slideshow, animations, activities, and Keep the Hot Cocoa Hot Team Challenge (8 min) Start with the Exploring Heat Energy slideshow. (Note: slide numbers refer to the pdf

### Background information Year 5, unit 1: Solids, liquids and gases

Background information Year 5, unit 1: Solids, liquids and gases Matter The Earth and everything on it are made of matter. Matter is anything with mass and volume; it takes up space. There are three traditionally

### Dry Ice Color Show Dry Ice Demonstrations

elearning 2009 Introduction Dry Ice Color Show Dry Ice Demonstrations Publication No. 95016 Add a small piece of solid carbon dioxide to a colored indicator solution and watch as the solution immediately

### The Water Cycle Now You See It, Now You Don t

The Water Cycle Now You See It, Now You Don t Unit: Salinity Patterns & the Water Cycle l Grade Level: Elementary l Time Required: Introduction - 30 min. - Activity as groups 45min Wrap Up 20 min l Content

Suck It In! Not Lesson Overview After water is heated in a flask, a balloon is attached and the flask is cooled quickly. The balloon collapses into the flask demonstrating atmospheric pressure. Suggested

### Kinetic Theory. Bellringer. Kinetic Theory, continued. Visual Concept: Kinetic Molecular Theory. States of Matter, continued.

Bellringer You are already familiar with the most common states of matter: solid, liquid, and gas. For example you can see solid ice and liquid water. You cannot see water vapor, but you can feel it in

### Density, Mass, and Volume Grade 3-6

Density, Mass, and Volume Grade 3-6 BACKGROUND Matter is everything that takes up space. Matter can be found in three forms, solid, liquid, and gas. The mass of an object is the amount of matter that is

### This lesson is a good way to introduce the water cycle and the states of matter or reinforce previous instruction on these topics.

1 st Grade: Round and Round the Water Cycle Lesson Plan Suggested Time of Year This lesson is a good way to introduce the water cycle and the states of matter or reinforce previous instruction on these

### States of Matter Unit 4 th Grade

States of Matter Unit 4 th Grade Learning Standards 12.4.14 Understand that matter is usually found in 3 states: liquid, solid, and gas and be able to identify the properties of each. Understand that water

### Breathless Balloon. Tools: Extras: Baking soda; Round balloon; Vinegar Key Science Concept: Acids and bases react to make a gas called carbon dioxide.

Breathless Balloon Tools: Extras: Baking soda; Round balloon; Vinegar Key Science Concept: Acids and bases react to make a gas called carbon dioxide. Caution: Perform this experiment only under adult supervision.

### sciencemuseumoutreach Kitchen Science 1 Demonstrations to do at home

sciencemuseumoutreach Kitchen Science 1 Demonstrations to do at home The Creative Canal Project (CCP) is part of the Science Museum s Outreach Department, which works with teachers, students, families

### Test Bank - Chapter 3 Multiple Choice

Test Bank - Chapter 3 The questions in the test bank cover the concepts from the lessons in Chapter 3. Select questions from any of the categories that match the content you covered with students. The

### To explore how matter can change from one state to another

FOCUS OBJECTIVE OVERVIEW changebicarb Balloon Chemical & Physical To explore how matter can change from one state to another Matter comes in different forms called states. But sometimes matter changes

### Baking Soda & Vinegar Rocket

Baking Soda & Vinegar Rocket Category: Chemistry; Physics: Force & Motion Type: Make & Take Rough Parts List: 1 Plastic bottle 1 Cork 1 Paper towel Cardstock or thin cardboard Baking soda Vinegar Cardboard

### Chapter 2, Lesson 5: Changing State Melting

Chapter 2, Lesson 5: Changing State Melting Key Concepts Melting is a process that causes a substance to change from a solid to a liquid. Melting occurs when the molecules of a solid speed up enough that

### Physical Science Refresher. Self Study Physical Science Refresher

Self Study Physical Science Refresher Table of Contents 1. Three phases of matter: Solids, Liquids and Gases 2. The effect of heat and pressure on the phases of matter a) expanding and contracting 3. Changing

### Kitchen Chemistry 5 th Grade Kelley Dunbar (modified from a lesson by Meghan Knapp), Mr. Bellamy and Mrs. Cargle

Kitchen Chemistry 5 th Grade Kelley Dunbar (modified from a lesson by Meghan Knapp), Mr. Bellamy and Mrs. Cargle References: (Checked 1/2005) http://www.reachoutmichigan.org/funexperiments/quick/trainingrm/milkglue.html

### 1. The Kinetic Theory of Matter states that all matter is composed of atoms and molecules that are in a constant state of constant random motion

Physical Science Period: Name: ANSWER KEY Date: Practice Test for Unit 3: Ch. 3, and some of 15 and 16: Kinetic Theory of Matter, States of matter, and and thermodynamics, and gas laws. 1. The Kinetic

### WATER ROCKET AND DRY ICE SUBLIMATION Rachel May Cary Academy

WATER ROCKET AND DRY ICE SUBLIMATION Rachel May Cary Academy ABSTRACT This experiment was conducted to determine how much dry ice will be able to sublimate in the time that it takes a water rocket to launch,

### Multiple Choice For questions 1-10, circle only one answer.

Test Bank - Chapter 1 The questions in the test bank cover the concepts from the lessons in Chapter 1. Select questions from any of the categories that match the content you covered with students. The

### TO GO TO ANY OF THE PAGES LISTED BELOW, CLICK ON ITS TITLE

TO GO TO ANY OF THE PAGES LISTED BELOW, CLICK ON ITS TITLE CHAPTER 1 Properties of Matter 1-1 What is physical science? 2 What is physical science? Enrichment Activity for Lesson 1-1 3 1-2 What are the

### Fun Experiments for Sparks and Brownies!

Station 1 Mixing solids and liquids Vinegar Coca-Cola Sugar Salt Baking Soda Baking Powder Icing Sugar Clear glasses Fun Experiments for Sparks and Brownies! Mix different white solids with different liquids

### Adler Planetarium & Astronomy Museum / NASA Interstellar Boundary Explorer Mission

Adler Planetarium & Astronomy Museum / NASA Interstellar Boundary Explorer Mission FOUR STATES OF MATTER Introduction This kinesthetic science activity reintroduces participants to three states of matter

### Peasouper Operator s Manual

Peasouper Operator s Manual Contact Information Le Maitre Special Effects, Inc. Canada 1960 Blue Heron Drive, London, ON. N6H 5L9 Phone Direct: (519) 659.7972 Phone Toll Free Direct: (800) 388.0617 Fax:

### LESSON CLUSTER 1 States of Water

LESSON CLUSTER 1 States of Water Lesson 1.1: Solid Water and Liquid Water You certainly know about liquid water. That s what you drink and take showers in. But have you seen any solid water around recently?

### Chapter 17 States of Matter

Chapter 17 States of Matter Section 17.1 Solids, Liquids, and Gases Terms: States of matter Kinetic Theory of Matter Crystal Plasma Thermal Expansion After swimming on a hot day, Eli was having a refreshing

### Activity #: 3. Suggested Discussion Topics Matter

Grade: Fourth Activity #: 3 Activity Title: Mass & Volume & Density, Oh My! Recommended Group Size: Class/Small Groups Special Notes: This is a wet experiment and should ideally be done in the Science

### Mixtures. reflect. How is seawater different from pure water? How is it different from rocky soil?

reflect Everything around us is made out of tiny bits of matter. These particles may combine in different ways to produce new materials. Sometimes we need to separate the parts of a material. If we know

### Can Gases Act Like a Greenhouse?

Can Gases Act Like a Greenhouse? Activity 1 Following a discussion that enables student to express what they already know about the greenhouse effect, students conduct a controlled experiment to confirm

### Experiment Lehrerheft description/manual. Heat. With. worksheet

Experiment Lehrerheft description/manual zur Experimentierbox Heat With worksheet 2 Science kit Heat Order no. 31799 This Science kit is recommended for students at the age of 7 10. Contents List of components...4

### DENSITY, MASS, AND VOLUME

DENSITY, MASS, AND VOLUME Name(s) Part 1 Describe what happens when two fluids (or a fluid and a solid) are brought into contact and one of the fluids is more dense than the other. Your response to the

FIRST GRADE CHEMISTRY 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES ROCK CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FIRST GRADE CHEMISTRY WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing solids, gases, liquids, and plasma. LAB: Exploring how states of matter can

### Name Class Date. F 2 2269 N A 1 88.12 cm 2 A 2 1221 cm 2 Unknown: Step 2: Write the equations for Pascal s principle and pressure, force, and area.

Skills Worksheet Math Skills Pascal s Principle After you study each sample problem and solution, work out the practice problems on a separate sheet of paper. Write your answers in the spaces provided.

### same number of particles as every cubic centimeter of air outside the bottle.

Particles A ir is matter. It has mass and occupies space. Air is a mixture of many gases. Air is approximately four-fifths nitrogen and one-fifth oxygen. All the other gases, including carbon dioxide and

### Convection Current and Tectonic Plates

Convection Current and Tectonic Plates 9 th -12 th Grade Standards: This activity meets California science standards for grades 7 through 12. Purpose: Students should understand the actions of fluids and

### Science Fun for Everyone Project STEM Starters

Science Fun for Everyone Project STEM Starters Ten fun science activities for parents and children Complete this booklet and return the ten attached Experiment Reports to your teacher before Spring Break

### The Water Cycle and the Influence of Global Warming

The Water Cycle and the Influence of Global Warming Almost three-fourths of Earth s surface is covered by water. Over 96% of this water is in the oceans. The polar ice caps and glaciers hold another 2%

### Kinetic Energy, Heat, and Temperature

7.3 Kinetic Energy, Heat, and Temperature Key Question: What is the relationship between kinetic energy and temperature of a substance? A book on a table might be sitting still, but all the particles that

### Air Explorations. Image Here PURPOSE BACKGROUND VOCABULARY ACTIVITIES

Image Here PURPOSE Students will explore the properties of air and determine that air is a gas made up of matter it has weight, takes up space, and can exert pressure. Through extended activities, students

### Bottle Rockets. Vanderbilt Student Volunteers for Science. Fall 2008

Bottle Rockets Vanderbilt Student Volunteers for Science Fall 2008 I. Introduction: History of Rockets Explain to the students that rockets are more than two thousand years old. Give the students a BRIEF

### GARDEN IN A GLOVE. Supplies. What to do. disposable glove permanent marker cotton balls water 5 different kinds of seeds craft stick pipe cleaner

GARDEN IN A GLOVE 1 Supplies disposable glove permanent marker cotton balls water 5 different kinds of seeds craft stick pipe cleaner What to do Use a permanent marker to write the names of the 5 seeds

### Scientist Badge Pack Holiday 1997

Scientist Badge Pack Holiday 1997 Topics The Natural World Movement and Mechanics Light Electricity and Magnets Floating and Sinking The Natural World Materials needed for natural world. Glass jars. Washing

### What s the MATTER with chemical reactions? Cori Brant

What s the MATTER with chemical reactions? Cori Brant Synopsis of the Activity: This workshop is to demonstrate chemical and phase changes. The audience should learn that there is a difference between