1 Region Legal Service Office Hawaii Legal Assistance Department 850 Willamette Street Pearl Harbor, Hawaii (808) DIVORCE AND SEPARATION INFORMATION This handout answers frequently asked questions about separations, divorce, and the divorce process. The information contained in this handout is very general in nature; it may not answer your specific questions. Please review the information below in connection with your visit to our legal assistance attorneys so that you may have the fullest information available to help you with your family law problem. Reading this handout is not a substitute for legal advice from a family law attorney and does not create an attorney-client relationship between you and any attorney in our legal assistance office. The information is general in nature. You should discuss the circumstances of your case with an attorney. Divorce can be a messy, emotional, and expensive process- the very word divorce can cause fear and uncertainty. The first step to conquering this fear is to learn as much as possible about the process. A good lawyer can explain the procedures clearly, assist in establishing goals, and propose a strategy for achieving these goals. Set out below are some commonly asked questions and answers about alternatives to divorce, the divorce process, the issues involved in divorce, and post divorce legal rights and responsibilities. ALTERNATIVES TO DIVORCE Q. What should I do if I do not really know whether I want a divorce? A. You should seek counseling. A chaplain or a marriage counselor may be able to help you work through your marital problems. Counseling may clear the air and make communication about the problems possible. Even if you ultimately divorce, the process is simpler and less costly if you are communicating and cooperating with each other. A good place to start at Naval Station Pearl Harbor is the Fleet and Family Support Center ( ) or the Naval Station Chaplain s Office ( ). Q. What is a separation agreement? A. A separation agreement is a written agreement between a husband and wife when they separate from each other in which they temporarily resolve such matters as custody, child support, alimony, and property division. It is not a legal separation, which is a court order arranging the terms under which the couple will live separately. In some states, separation agreements are invalid.
2 Hawaii law permits couples to enter into separation agreements. Legal separation is also available in Hawaii, but will not exceed a two year period. Q. Do I need a separation agreement? A. No law requires you to execute a separation agreement, but it may be helpful in your situation. Some states require a physical separation for a period of time before a divorce may be granted. Generally, you do not need a separation agreement to get an Early Return of Dependents. A letter from a professional, such as a lawyer, chaplain, or marriage counselor, verifying your marital difficulties is sufficient. You should consult an attorney regarding your circumstances. Hawaii does not require a period of physical separation or a separation agreement to be divorced. Q. What are my rights if my spouse leaves me and I do not have a separation agreement or a court order governing our relationship? Each branch of service has established its own support guidelines, and interprets them differently. Some of the services require support, and others have established voluntary guidelines. These guidelines only apply in the absence of an agreement or a court order. The guidelines for each branch are listed in the Resource and Referral Section of this handout. If you are living in military housing, you will be required to vacate housing within 30 days if your spouse is no longer living there. In any case, you may get a temporary relief order from a court for child support, alimony, custody, visitation, and other relief depending on your circumstances. You also may cancel joint accounts to avoid exposing yourself to additional liability and prevent your spouse from wasting marital resources. Q. Can I get an annulment? An annulment essentially means you were never legally married. There are very few grounds for an annulment. Most states include bigamy, duress, fraud, impotence, kinship, lack of mental capacity, and being underage as grounds for annulment. Annulment has nothing to do with the length of marriage. Hawaii allows annulment for close kinship, being underage, bigamy, lack of mental capacity, consent obtained by coercion, duress, or fraud, or the concealment of a loathsome disease. Q. Can I prevent my spouse from divorcing me? A. No. You may ask the court to delay the divorce to give you and your spouse time to reconcile your differences. The court will eventually grant the divorce, though, if your spouse wants one. 2
3 THE DIVORCE PROCESS Q. Where do I start? A. Getting educated is the first step. Often, an attorney can help with this. A great first place to start is your local military Legal Assistance Office. Military attorneys cannot go to court on your behalf, but they can help you assess your choices, options, and alternatives. Our office hosts a weekly divorce seminar on Tuesdays at The Legal Assistance Office at Schofield Barracks also hosts divorce briefings. The Family Court also holds monthly divorce law seminars. For Family Court seminars please call (808) The next step may be to find a civilian attorney: State and local bar associations usually have a referral service, which will list qualified lawyers in a geographic area. The phone number for Hawaii s attorney referral service is Ask a friend or relative who has been through a divorce if they would recommend their attorney Use the yellow pages to get a list of attorneys. You may want to meet with more than one attorney; all lawyers are different and you want to choose one that best matches your own personality, goals, and price range. Many attorneys will offer a 30 minute initial consultation for a reduced rate. When you first meet with your new attorney, make sure you go over all the important facts of your case and outline the goals you have. Do not be afraid to ask questions or point out things that you think are relevant- you may have a unique circumstance that a lawyer s normal intake process does not cover. We have provided a list of Hawaiian bar referral telephone numbers to help you get started. Please see the Resource and Referral Section at the end of this handout. Q. What can I expect from my attorney? A. Your civilian attorney will be bound by state ethics rules. In general, your attorney will have the duty to: Keep the information you give them confidential. Let you make the major decisions in your case, such as accepting a compromise or going to court. Remain open and honest about all aspects of your case, including the chances of success, the good and bad sides of your position, the time needed, and the fee required. Release your file to you upon request and with reasonable notice. 3
4 You can ask your attorney to explain specifically a) what will be done in your case and b) how much it will cost. If you wish, you can ask the attorney to put this in writing. Your attorney should never hide information from you, or make decisions without consulting you. You should remember that litigation is an inexact science; if your case goes to court, it may take longer and cost more than originally estimated. However, if you feel that your attorney is not responsive to your requests for information about your case, or has missed court dates or failed to follow your wishes, you should check with your state bar association about filing a complaint. Q. Can my spouse and I file our own divorce without the help of an attorney? A. Yes, but it may not be in your best interests to do so. A pro se divorce, one in which you represent yourself, is usually possible if you and your spouse agree on every issue (i.e., divorce is uncontested), and you are able to communicate this agreement to the court. The agreement also must appear fair to the court. Some states have pro se divorce forms and instructions to make the process easier. You should consult an attorney before proceeding with this option. Hawaii has a pro se divorce package for uncontested divorces. The instructions and forms are available at the family court located at 4675 Kapolei Parkway, Kapolei, Hawaii. They are also available on the internet at (at the top of the webpage go to the pull-down menu for Self-Help and click on Court Forms, then click on First Circuit (Oahu) Family Court ). Q. How much will a divorce cost me? A. Costs will vary from state to state and from lawyer to lawyer, but as a general rule, the more you and your spouse disagree on the issues involved, the more expensive the divorce will become. It is a good idea to get estimates from several attorneys. You should find out how much the retainer is and how much the hourly rate is. Ask friends or family who have been through the process, to make sure that you are not paying too much. In addition to attorney costs, you will have to pay court costs. Again, these will vary from state to state. The filing fee for an uncontested divorce without children is $ in Hawaii. It is $ to file an uncontested divorce with children. Q. How long will it take to get a divorce? A. That depends on the circumstances of your case. The state in which you have filed may require a separation period or have a congested court schedule. You and your spouse may not agree on several issues and become embroiled in a lengthy divorce process. Disagreement not only causes delays, but will increase your costs significantly. It is possible to get an uncontested case in Hawaii in as a little as two or three months. 4
5 Q. What are the grounds for divorce? A. Most states now have no fault divorces. The only requirement for a no fault divorce is that you and your spouse are no longer able to make the marriage work. The grounds for a no fault divorce are sometimes referred to as irreconcilable differences or an irretrievable breakdown of the marriage. Fault grounds generally include cruel treatment, adultery, and desertion, as well as others. Hawaii allows couples to divorce based on an irretrievable breakdown of the marriage. Q. Where should I file for divorce? You or your spouse must have resided in a state for a certain period of time before you can file for divorce in that state. If your spouse has never lived in the state in which you filed, you may not be able to get a complete divorce. That is, the court will only be able to grant a divorce, but will not be able to decide property division or alimony because it lacks personal jurisdiction, which gives the court the power to order your spouse to do certain things. An attorney will be able to properly advise you about the requirements of a particular state and the best place for you to file. Hawaii requires you to reside in the state for at least six months and in the county where you file for three months before you can file for divorce. Q. Can I file for divorce if I am pregnant? Yes. Pregnancy does not bar you from filing for a divorce and seeking temporary spousal support or child support for any existing children. However, the divorce cannot be completed until the child is born. A court will not order child support for an unborn child. Paternity and child support will be established after the child is born. Generally, the courts presume that any child born to a married woman is her husband s child. That presumption may be challenged in court during a paternity hearing. Q. What is involved in going to court? A. Litigation ; contested case ; going to court - these are all different ways of saying the same thing. When you contest a case, it means that you are unable to come to an agreement with the other party in a dispute, and you are asking a judge to decide an issue for you. Litigation starts with the filing of a complaint or petition, which states your version of the facts of the case, and what you want the judge to do. When the complaint is filed at the court, the other party (i.e. your spouse in a divorce case) receives a copy of the complaint, and has an opportunity to present their version of the facts in writing (the answer ). Once the case has started, both parties will likely be asked to file other documents, such as 5
6 financial declarations and property inventories. In addition, both parties will file their proposed child custody plans. Contested divorce cases can take a long time to resolve. While the case is pending, a judge will often make temporary rulings to establish who should have the children, who should pay for spousal or child support, who should hold the house or car, etc., while the case is being resolved. A full trial on a particular matter, such as child custody, can involve costly procedures such as hiring a guardian ad litem (a court appointed guardian who represents the best interests of the children) to interview both parents and do home studies; interviews with psychologists for the children and parents; even testimony from friends and relatives about the fitness of a particular parent may be required. A trial is just an end point in a long process that includes getting the client ready (preparing for hearings, reviewing documents that may be introduced as evidence), getting witnesses ready, drafting exhibits for introduction, negotiating with the other party s lawyer, and setting the case on the court s calendar for weeks, or even months, in the future. Lawyers also prepare written briefs for the trial, which summarize and explain points of law that may be involved in the case. On the day of the trial, the judge will usually call the calendar which means that he or she will announce the names of the cases which are on the court s calendar for that day. There are often many cases set for the same day, and the judge may reschedule ( continue ) cases that the court cannot get to in a day. If a case is heard on its originally scheduled day, the judge may make a decision on the spot, or may take days or weeks to consider the case. Often the attorneys in the case will be responsible for drafting a decree, or judgment, for the judge to sign, which will involve meetings between the attorneys, more negotiations, and may further delay matters. Q. Is there any alternative to going to court? A. If you can t come to an agreement with the other party, there are three alternatives short of going to court: counseling, mediation, and arbitration. These options are all forms of alternative dispute resolution (called ADR for short) and are usually less expensive and less time consuming than litigation. All three of these options involve the intervention of a neutral third party. If a majority of issues can be resolved through ADR, any eventual trial will be shorter and less expensive. Many states now require that a divorcing couple go through some form of ADR before going to trial. Counseling is the mildest form of ADR, and involves sitting down with a trained counselor who will help both parties talk through the issues to try to narrow down the areas of dispute. This counselor helps the divorcing couple put aside any anger or resentment, and concentrate on material issues- Who wants to keep up mortgage payments on the house? Who wants the old car? Many divorcing couples who think they cannot agree on anything are amazed to 6
7 find that they have only a few areas of real dispute. The goal of counseling is to help both parties agree on a compromise settlement. Mediation is the next form of ADR, and is a bit more formal than counseling. This process involves a mediator, who is trained to help parties find common ground and solutions. There are usually procedural rules (agreed upon in advance by both parties) to help the mediator keep control of the proceedings. Again, the goal of mediation is to help both parties reach a settlement on as many issues as possible. Arbitration is the most formal version of ADR, and is the most like a trial with the arbitrator acting as a sort of judge. Like mediation, the parties agree on the rules of the proceeding in advance; unlike mediation, the parties agree to be bound by what the arbitrator decides. In cases where the parties are unlikely to come to any agreement on their own, this process takes the decision out of the hands of the parties, but is less expensive and less formal than a full-blown trial. With few exceptions (such as spousal abuse), Hawaii requires a couple to engage in mediation before a case may be set for trial. Please see the Resource and Referral Section for contact information. Q. Can my spouse divorce me without my knowledge? A. All states require the party seeking the divorce to prove the other party was notified of the divorce proceeding. If the party seeking the divorce does not know where the other party is living, a court may allow notification by publication in a newspaper. If your spouse lies about notification and is awarded a divorce, you will be able to get the divorce set aside. Q. What if my spouse and I cannot agree on a divorce and I need a decision on something now? A. Once a divorce case has been filed, either party can file a Motion for Pre-Decree Relief, in which they ask the court to make temporary orders. Such orders are common for temporarily deciding child custody, child support and who will be able to use marital assets. After you file the motion, you and your spouse will get a hearing date where you can make your arguments in front of a judge. THE ISSUES INVOLVED IN DIVORCE Q. What issues are involved in a separation or divorce? A. The break-up of a marriage often involves six issues: termination of the marriage, property division, allocation of debts, spousal support (or alimony), child custody/visitation, and child support. Each of these issues can be resolved by mutual agreement or contested in court. Q. How is property divided if my spouse and I cannot agree? 7
8 A. In community property states, all property acquired during the marriage is marital property and belongs to both spouses equally. Statutes in these states require the court to divide the property exactly in half between the two parties. In equitable distribution states, a court is not required to divide property exactly in half. It can consider a variety of factors, including the length of the marriage, sources of income and needs of each party, and the custodial arrangement of children. Hawaii recognizes Marital Separate Property ( property, for example, covered by a premarital or postmarital agreement) and Marital Partnership Property (essentially everything else), in which the general rule is that each spouse gets a credit for date-ofmarriage personal net worth and a credit for gifts and inheritances received during the marriage; everything else is divided However, the Hawaii Family Court has the discretion to divide Marital Partnership Property in a just and equitable manner. The division need not be equal. In deciding whether to deviate, the Family Court will consider the respective merits of the parties, the relative abilities of the parties, the condition in which each party will be left by the divorce, and all other circumstances of the case. The fact that a partner was bad or financially irresponsible, or that the marriage was short, is not a reason for deviation. The court may not divide Marital Separate Property. You and your spouse should decide how you want to divide your property. Q. Is a spouse entitled to a service member s military retirement pay? A. The Uniformed Services Former Spouses Protection Act has authorized state courts to divide military retirement pay, much like a civilian pension. States differ on how they divide retired pay, but courts generally use the following formula: Months of overlap of 1/2 x marriage and service x 100 = % Total months of service If the marriage lasted for 10 or more years while the military member was on active duty, the spouse is entitled to receive direct payments of his or her portion from DFAS. Military retired pay is divisible under Hawaii law. Q. If we do not agree, how will debts be divided? A. Debts are divided in a similar fashion to property (See above). Each party is responsible for half the marital debt, unless the court finds this unfair under the circumstances. Marital debt usually includes any debt incurred during the marriage by either you or your spouse. It generally does not matter who is named as the debtor. It is important to remember that you are ultimately responsible to pay the creditor if you are named as a debtor on an account, even if the court orders your spouse to pay the bill. The court order only governs the relationship between you and your spouse; it does not release you from responsibility to the third party creditor. You should cancel all joint accounts or change them to individual accounts to protect yourself. 8
9 Q. Is alimony or spousal support automatically granted? A. No. Most states do not award alimony automatically. If one spouse can demonstrate a need for support due to an inability to work, a need to complete education, or another specific rehabilitative purpose, a court may award alimony for a limited time. A court also may grant alimony depending on how the property and debt is distributed. In Hawaii, there are four types of alimony: (1) transitional alimony, (2) rehabilitative alimony, (3) permanent alimony, and (4) lump-sum alimony. As a rule, alimony is usually not awarded by the Family Court. Q. Should I ask for joint custody of my children? Many states have separated custody into two distinct areas: legal and physical custody. Legal custody gives the parent the right to make decisions affecting the child s health, education and welfare. Physical custody determines where a child will reside and who will exercise supervision. Sole legal custody means one parent makes the decisions affecting the child s life and simply advises the other parent. Sole physical custody means the child lives with one parent except during visitation times. Visitation for the non-custodial parent may be detailed and include a specific visitation schedule or may be non-specific (expressed as reasonable visitation). Joint legal custody requires you and your spouse to communicate and reach decisions together. Joint physical custody presupposes that you and your spouse continue to reside in the same geographic area, since the child will live half of the time with each parent. You should discuss the different types of custody with an attorney to determine what will work in your situation. Hawaii uses the terms legal and physical custody. In addition to sole and joint physical custody, Hawaii has an extended visitation arrangement where visitation by the noncustodial parent is more than 143 days a year. Q. Can I obtain custody of my children even though I am a military member assigned to a deployable unit? A. Yes. This factor alone will not automatically bar you from being awarded custody of your children. The best interest of the child is the paramount concern in a custody dispute. You can improve your chances in a custody dispute by providing a comprehensive child care plan to the court, which includes appointing a responsible person to watch the children while you are deployed. You should consult an attorney to assist you with your custody case. Q. How much child support will be awarded? A. Child support is paid by the non-custodial parent to the parent having physical custody of the child. Most states have guidelines that establish child support. The amount of support is generally calculated using your income and your spouse s income. You may agree to pay more child support than the guidelines require, but you will not be allowed to pay less except in rare circumstances. You should consult an attorney regarding the applicable guidelines. 9
10 The Hawaii Child Support Guidelines are available at the family court located at 4675 Kapolei Parkway, Kapolei, Hawaii. They are also available on the internet at (at the top of the webpage go to the pull-down menu Self-help and click on Court Forms, then click on First Circuit (Oahu) Family Court, then click on Child Support Guidelines). Child support is normally paid directly to the Hawaii Child Support Enforcement Agency, which will forward it to the custodial parent. Q. Does the fact that my spouse committed adultery, spouse abuse or other criminal conduct have any impact on my divorce? A. It s possible. The court may consider this type of behavior in custody cases if it affects the children. Again, the court is trying to determine what is in the best interest of the children. POST DIVORCE LEGAL RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES Q. How do I get military ID cards for my children? A. The sponsor must complete the paperwork (DD 1172) and have the children s photographs taken at Personnel Support Detachment. If the sponsor and the children do not live in the same location, the sponsor should forward the DD 1172 to the custodial parent, who must then go to the nearest military base to get the cards issued. Q. What military benefits will the non-military spouse get after the divorce? A. The military categorizes former spouses into three groups and provides different privileges depending on the category: 20/20/20 former spouse - The military member has completed 20 years of creditable service, the spouse has been married to the military member for 20 years, and the period of marriage overlaps the period of creditable service by at least 20 years. 20/20/15 former spouse - The military member has completed 20 years of creditable service, the spouse has been married to the military member for 20 years, and the period of marriage overlaps the period of creditable service by at least 15 years. All other former spouses - Any spouse that does not fall into one of the other categories. Commissary and exchange privileges. A 20/20/20 former spouse is entitled to commissary and exchange privileges to the same extent and on the same basis as a surviving spouse of a military retiree. A former spouse's full commissary and exchange privileges are suspended upon remarriage, but "revive" when the subsequent marriage is terminated in any manner. No other former spouses are eligible for commissary and exchange privileges. Medical Benefits. There are three categories of health care: 10
11 Full military health care program. A 20/20/20 former spouse (and a 20/20/15 former spouse whose divorce was final before 1 April 1985) will continue to be eligible for military medical and dental benefits. These benefits are extinguished upon subsequent marriage and the privileges will not "revive" if the subsequent marriage is terminated by any cause other than annulment. Transitional health care. An unremarried 20/20/15 former spouse with no employersponsored health insurance is entitled to FULL military medical care only for a transitional period of one year after the date of divorce. After the first year, the 20/20/15 former spouse is eligible to enroll in a DOD civilian health group care plan. A second year of military health care may be available for pre-existing health problems that are not covered by a civilian health care plan. To qualify for the second year of limited coverage, the spouse must have enrolled in the DOD-negotiated health insurance plan. Health insurance plan that has been negotiated by DOD. Any person who was formerly entitled to military health care and lost that entitlement is eligible. Health insurance for former spouses who lose entitlement to military health care is covered by the Continued Health Care Benefit Program (CHCBP). CHCBP is a premium-based, temporary transitional health care program that provides health care coverage via standard TRICARE for up to 36 months. Application for CHCBP must be made within 60 days of loss of eligibility for military health care. The premium is increased annually on October 1st. For more information on CHCBP write to CHCBP, P.O. Box , Louisville, KY or call Legal assistance. Former spouses are entitled to legal assistance if they are 20/20/20 unremarried former spouses. A former spouse's legal assistance privileges are suspended upon remarriage, but "revive" when the subsequent marriage is terminated in any manner. No other former spouses are eligible for legal assistance. Q. Will my children still be entitled to military benefits? A. Yes, provided they have a military ID card. Children are eligible for military medical benefits and legal assistance until they are 21 (or 23 if a full time student). They also are eligible for commissary, exchange, and MWR privileges if they meet certain criteria (for example, dependent on military sponsor for more than 50% of his or her support). 11
12 RESOURCE AND REFERRAL SECTION MILITARY LEGAL ASSISTANCE PROVIDERS LOCATED IN HAWAII AIRFORCE Hickam AFB, Legal Service Office 15 ABW.JA, Bldg. 502 Sixth Street Hickam AFB, Hawaii (808) MARINE Kaneohe MCAS Legal Service Center Box Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii (808) ARMY Schofield Barracks Legal Service Center OSJA 25 th Infantry Division and USA RHAW Schofield Barracks, Hawaii (808) NAVY Naval Legal Service Office 850 Willamette Street Pearl Harbor, Hawaii (808) HAWAII STATE AGENCIES Child Support Enforcement Agency 601 Kamokila Boulevard, Suite 251 Kapolei, Hawaii Telephone No. (808) Toll Free (888) Walk-in Hours: 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. Family Court - First Judicial Circuit Ka ahumanu Hale 777 Punchbowl Street Honolulu, Hawaii Information: (808) Forms: (808) TRO Hotline: (808) Hours: 7:45 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. NON-PROFIT LEGAL ORGANIZATIONS (Eligibility for services based on income) Legal Aid Society of Hawaii 924 Bethel Street Honolulu, Hawai i Honolulu: (808) Waianae: (808) Windward: (808) Volunteer Legal Services Hawaii 100 Honuakaha Building 545 Queen Street Honolulu, Hawaii (808)
13 MEDIATION: Mediation Center of the Pacific 680 Iwilei Road, Suite 530 Honolulu, Hawaii (808) Marine Corps Base Hawaii Legal Services Center Divorce Mediation (808) DOMESTIC ABUSE ASSISTANCE National Domestic Abuse HOTLINE (800) 799-SAFE (7233) Domestic Violence Action Center (808) Hawaii State Coalition Against Domestic Violence 716 Umi Street Honolulu, Hawaii (808) Joint Military Family Abuse Shelter P.O. Box Honolulu, Hawaii (808)
14 MILITARY FAMILY SUPPORT ARMY In the absence of a court order or agreement, service members are required to provide support in accordance with the detailed provisions of Chapter 2 of AR Paragraph 2-6 states that while the soldier s family members are residing in government family housing, the soldier is not required to provide additional financial support. When the supported family members move out of government housing, the soldier is required to provide financial support in an amount equal to the soldier s BAH Type II With Dependents. Consult a legal assistance attorney for more information. AIR FORCE Service members must provide adequate financial support to family members. See Air Force Instruction or the DoD Financial Management Regulation, Vol 7A, Chap 26. Section , or consult a legal assistance attorney. If the support requirements are not established by court order or legal separation agreement, a member must provide support in an amount that is not less than the BAH-DIFF rate applicable to the member s grade. COAST GUARD When there is no court order or agreed upon level of support, the following scale is used: RELATIONSHIPS AND NUMBER OF DEPENDENTS Spouse only Spouse and one minor or handicapped child Spouse and two or more minor or handicapped children One minor or handicapped child Two minor or handicapped children Three or more minor or handicapped children SUPPORT BAH difference plus 20 percent of basic pay BAH difference plus 25 percent of basic pay BAH difference plus 30 percent of basic pay 16.7 percent (1/6) of basic pay 25 percent (1/4) of basic pay 33 percent (1/3) of basic pay For this scale, BAH difference is defined as the difference between the Basic Allowance for Housing with dependents rate and the Basic Allowance for Housing without dependents rate as calculated for the member. See COMDTINST M1000.6A, Chapter 8 for more information or consult a legal assistance attorney. 14
15 MARINES The following support amounts are suggested, in the absence of an agreement or court order: TOTAL NUMBER OF FAMILY MEMBERS ENTITLED TO SUPPORT MINIMUN AMOUNT OF MONTHLY SUPPORT PER REQUESTING FAMILY MEMBER SHARE OF MONTHLY BAH/OHA PER REQUESTING FAMILY MEMBER 1 $350 1/2 2 $286 1/3 3 $233 1/4 4 $200 1/5 5 $174 1/6 6 or more $152 1/7 or etc. See Chapter 15 of LEGADMINMAN for more information or consult with a legal assistance attorney. NAVY In the absence of a court order or agreement, the following support amounts are suggested: RELATIONSHIPS AND NUMBER OF DEPENDENTS Spouse Only Spouse and One Minor Child Spouse and Two or More Minor Children One Minor Child Two Minor Children Three Minor Children SUPPORT 1/3 Gross Pay 1/2 Gross Pay 3/5 Gross Pay 1/6 Gross Pay 1/4 Gross Pay 1/3 Gross Pay Gross pay includes basic pay and basic allowance for housing, but not basic allowance for subsistence, hazardous duty pay, sea or foreign duty pay, incentive pay, or other pay entitlements. These are only guidelines. See MILPERSMAN for more information, or consult with a legal assistance attorney. 15
DIVORCE LAW IN HAWAI I Important: Every state has its own divorce laws. If you are getting divorced in another state, or if you have received divorce papers from a state other than Hawai i, this brochure
DIVORCE LAW IN HAWAI I A PUBLIC EDUCATION PROGRAM PRESENTED BY THE FAMILY COURT OF THE FIRST CIRCUIT OF THE STATE OF HAWAI I AND THE MEDIATION CENTER OF THE PACIFIC Library/Court-Related/ Divorce Law in
DIVORCE GUIDANCE IN HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY, FLORIDA Office of the Staff Judge Advocate, MacDill Air Force Base, Florida (813) 828-4422 ECONOMIC ISSUES REGARDING MARRIAGE AND DISSOLUTION OF MARRIAGE ASSETS
DIVORCE AND SEPARATION What are the reasons for a divorce? In Virginia, you can get a divorce for six reasons. Two reasons don't need a waiting period: Adultery, sodomy or buggery. These are very difficult
Ohio Judicial Conference Family Matters: The Legal System People go to a divorce lawyer for many reasons. Some want to get their spouse's attention, change behavior or send a warning. Others, having given
INFORMATION ON DIVORCE IN FLORIDA CAN YOUR MARRIAGE BE SAVED? Are you sure your marriage cannot be saved? Before you take any legal steps to end your marriage, you may consider possible ways to save it.
THE BASICS Getting a Divorce in New York State Either the wife or the husband can ask a Court for a divorce. In this booklet, we say that the wife is the person who will go to Court to request a divorce
A BRIEF INTRODUCTION INTO DIVORCE LAW: THE BASICS OF OHIO DIVORCE LAW By BETH SILVERMAN, J.D. How can a marriage be terminated in Ohio? There are two primary ways to terminate a marriage: Dissolution or
What You Need to Know About Divorce There are four main steps in a divorce: 1. 2. 3. 4. Your lawyer writes the divorce papers and files them with the court. The sheriff s department gives (serves) your
SOUTH CAROLINA BAR Divorce and the Law GROUNDS FOR DIVORCE In South Carolina there are five grounds for divorce: separation of the spouses for at least one year (the no-fault divorce ), adultery, physical
THE LEGAL EAGLE UNIFORMED SERVICES FORMER SPOUSES PROTECTION ACT (USFSPA) INTRODUCTION: As a service to our family law clients, the Military Committee of the American Bar Association s Family Law Section
Divorce in Florida CAN YOUR MARRIAGE BE SAVED? Before you take any legal steps to end your marriage, you should make sure that you have tried all possible ways to save it. Do you want professional help
Divorce Consumer Pamphlet Series Foreword Divorce affects, directly or indirectly, virtually every family in the country. The following information is designed to briefly summarize Georgia s divorce laws.
SEPARATION AND DIVORCE FACT SHEET This fact sheet is intended as a quick reference. It is not intended to be a substitute for seeking advice from an attorney and it should not be used as such. Its purpose
3 Divorce/ Separation & Annulment table of contents Contested Divorce Flow Chart............................ see left IF ABUSE IN THE RELATIONSHIP: Safety Plan..........................................
SUPERIOR COURT OF DEKALB COUNTY STATE OF GEORGIA vs. Plaintiff, Defendant.,, Civil Action Case Number COMPLAINT FOR DIVORCE WITH MINOR CHILDREN My name is and I am representing myself in this divorce action.
DIVORCE AND FORMER SPOUSE LAW This pamphlet seeks to answer frequently asked questions about divorce in Georgia and about the Uniformed Services Former Spouse' Protection Act. Even in uncontested cases,
DIVORCE SUBJECT: Divorce PURPOSE: To provide Legal Assistance clients with information regarding divorce. REFERENCES: www.legalaid-ga.org Georgia Constitution Article VI. Section II. Paragraph V on Venue
INSTRUTIONS FOR FLORIDA SUPREME OURT APPROVED FAMILY LAW FORM 12.901(b)(1), PETITION FOR DISSOLUTION OF MARRIAGE WITH DEPENDENT OR MINOR HILD(REN) When should this form be used? This form should be used
The Woodlands Divorce Guide Answers to common questions about getting divorced in Montgomery County What is a Divorce? Divorce is a legal procedure to end a legal marriage relationship. It is available
Divorce in Virginia Given the increase in marital breakdown in our society, almost everyone has been or could be affected in some way by a separation or divorce. Dissolving a marriage often involves property
Family Law Client Information Package The end of a relationship can be very difficult. In addition to the obvious emotional issues, couples are often faced with challenging financial and legal problems.
DIVORCE ANSWER PACKET * IMPORTANT INFORMATION * YOUR RIGHTS MAY BE BETTER PROTECTED WITH THE HELP OF AN ATTORNEY. You can obtain a divorce without the assistance of an attorney, but if minor children will
INSTRUCTIONS: HOW TO RESPOND TO DISSOLUTION (DIVORCE) PAPERS FOR A NON-COVENANT MARRIAGE WITHOUT MINOR CHILDREN DOMESTIC VIOLENCE: Domestic violence can be part of any marriage. Domestic violence includes
In Your Child s Best Interest A Handbook for Separating/Divorcing Parents Includes information about: Includes information about: Court Ordered Programs Parenting Plan Deploying Military Parents Mediation
UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS LEGAL ASSISTANCE OFFICE MARINE CORPS RECRUIT DEPOT/WESTERN RECRUITING REGION SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA 92140 (619) 514-4110 MCRD San Diego Dissolution Package TABLE OF CONTENTS I.
Basic Virginia Divorce Procedures By: Richard J. Byrd Basic Virginia Divorce Procedure By: Richard J. Byrd * The formal requirements to obtain a divorce in Virginia are basically the same for a contested
TAKE-1 DIVORCE, ALIMONY and PROPERTY DIVISION XVIII AIRBORNE CORPS LEGAL ASSISTANCE OFFICE DIVORCE, ALIMONY, AND PROPERTY DIVISION 1. Q. CAN A MILITARY ATTORNEY OBTAIN A DIVORCE IN NORTH CAROLINA FOR ME?
DIVORCE General Information Packet#1 Are you heading for a Divorce? This first packet of information will give you an overall view of what is needed in order for you to get a divorce. You will find out
. UNCONTESTED DIVORCE: Advice for Persons Who Want to Represent Themselves Read this booklet before completing any forms! Copyright 2010, Southeast Tennessee Legal Services, www.selegal.org. Non-commercial
INSTRUCTIONS FOR FILING YOUR MODIFICATION OF CHILD SUPPORT A modification of child support is allowed if the parties can show a change in income or financial status. If the parties agreed on child support
Please read these instructions before you file your papers. These instructions may contain some legal words that are not familiar to you. A list of common legal words and their definitions is attached.
SELF- SERVICE GUIDE FOR DIVORCE CASES SUPERIOR COURT OF ARIZONA This booklet is designed to give you in depth information about getting a divorce in Arizona and to let you know the usual steps which are
NOTICE: THIS DOCUMENT CONTAINS SENSITIVE DATA. Cause Number: (The Clerk s office will fill in the Cause Number and Court Number when you file this form.) IN THE MATTER OF THE MARRIAGE OF Petitioner: Print
INSTRUCTIONS UNCONTESTED DIVORCE PACKET WITH CHILDREN (For the Island of O ahu) WHO CAN FILE FOR DIVORCE? In order to file a divorce action in the Family Court of the First Circuit (on O ahu), you must
INSTRUCTIONS FOR FLORIDA SUPREME COURT APPROVED FAMILY LAW FORM 12.905(a), SUPPLEMENTAL PETITION TO MODIFY CUSTODY OR VISITATION AND OTHER RELIEF (03/08) When should this form be used? This form should
Western Mass. Legal Services PRO SE DIVORCE CLINIC OVERVIEW CONTENTS INTRODUCTION... 1 CAN YOU GET DIVORCED IN MASSACHUSETTS?... 3 CAN YOU FILE YOUR DIVORCE IN BERKSHIRE COUNTY?... 4 THE DIVORCE PROCESS...
BRETT N. BENDER 420 SW WASHINGTON ST / STE 400 PORTLAND, OR / 97204 P: 971-373-8491 F: 503-270-5281 email@example.com HOW I WILL HANDLE YOUR OREGON DIVORCE 1. GROUNDS: Oregon has adopted the concept
Navigating Your Divorce Introduction According to a U.S. Census report in 2011, New Jersey had one of the lowest divorce rates in the country. You may read that statistic and wonder why your marriage is
7 th JMTC Legal Assistance Information Child Custody Over Seas Please note that this Information Paper only provides basic information and is not intended to serve as a substitute for personal consultations
Wisconsin Divorce Law A Client's Guide to the Language and Procedure BAKKE NORMAN L A W O F F I C E S Welcome Thank you for considering Bakke Norman, S.C. to represent your interests. This booklet will
Divorce Law in Iowa When the Family Has Questions and Answers About Iowa Law on Divorce Issues Iowa Legal Aid iowalegalaid.org IMPORTANT NOTICE: READ THIS INFORMATION BEFORE USING ANY PART OF THIS PUBLICATION
Lebanon County Court of Common Pleas Divorce Handbook For Self-Represented Litigants August 2014 I. INTRODUCTION A divorce is a way to legally end your marriage. It is recommended that you at least speak
Introduction to Family Law in Montana Table of Contents 1. Warning... 2 2. Where Can I Get Help?... 3 3. How to Use this Packet... 3 4. Introduction to Family Law... 4 A. Dissolution of Marriage... 4 B.
The Uncontested Divorce Process in Texas This guide is intended to help you use the divorce forms provided by www.texaslawhelp.org for an uncontested divorce. Is your divorce contested? -Or- Is your divorce
INSTRUCTIONS FOR SEPARATE MAINTENANCE PACKET In Georgia, you may file for separate maintenance if you have a valid marriage and you are living in a bona fide state of separation. There can be no pending
This guide is intended to help you use the uncontested divorce forms provided by www.texaslawhelp.org The Uncontested Divorce Process in Texas Do not use these forms or this guide if: Your divorce is contested*
Divorce in Florida DISCLAIMER: The information contained in this fact sheet is of a general nature and is provided for your assistance. It is not intended as legal advice and is not a substitute for legal
HANDLING YOUR OWN DIVORCE CASE MATERIALS FOR PARTICIPANTS IN THE PRO SE DIVORCE WORKSHOP Do I have to have a lawyer? HANDLING YOUR OWN DIVORCE CASE Under West Virginia law, you are not required to have
DIVORCE- TEXAS STYLE A Handbook For Divorcing Couples By George M. Clifton Attorney at Law Board Certified - Family Law Texas Board of Legal Specialization Clifton Dodson Sortino, L.L.P. Attorneys At Law
EARLY CARE & EDUCATION LAW UNIT Publication Date: November 2013 WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT SMALL CLAIMS COURT In the operation of your child care business you may encounter problems which force you to
DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN FLORIDA The Petitioner may go to court on his/her own (without an attorney) to petition for an injunction to protect him/her against domestic violence (assault or battery by your spouse
Wiesbaden Legal Center Legal Assistance Office Getting a Divorce Overseas Q. Can I get a divorce at the Legal Assistance Office? A. No. You have to go to court to get a divorce, and you will probably need
THE DIVORCE PROCESS: WHAT TO EXPECT Contents What To Expect...1 Retaining an Attorney...2 Commencing the Divorce...3 The Uncontested Divorce...4 The Contested Divorce...5 Statement of Net Worth...6 The
DIVORCE IOI HOW TO PLAN AND PREPARE FOR A DIVORCE ACTION Prepared by: KANSAS LEGAL SERVICES To apply for assistance: 1-316-267-3975 (Wichita Area) 1-800-723-6953 (outside of Wichita) For pro se legal forms
Non-Custodial Parent Rights in South Carolina July 2010 The legal information in this publication is designed to help you learn about the laws that apply when you have a child and you are not married to
Form 15-3 Form 15-3 This form is written for a divorce case but may be reworded as appropriate for any other family law situation. Purpose [Name of wife] and [name of husband] (the parties ) have chosen
P a g e 1 NEW JERSEY DIVORCE A LEGAL ROADMAP By Christopher Rade Musulin, Esquire Visit: www.burlingtoncountydivorce.com (Revised 4.8.2015) INTRODUCTION The topic of divorce law in the State of New Jersey
NEW JERSEY DIVORCE A LEGAL ROADMAP INTRODUCTION The topic of divorce law in the State of New Jersey is a very complex matter. I plan to provide you with a very informal and brief overview of both the process
Print court information exactly as it appears on the Petition for Divorce. Cause Number: IN THE MATTER OF THE MARRIAGE OF Petitioner: Print first, middle and last name of the spouse filing for divorce.
FAMILY LAW DIFFERENTIATED CASE MANAGEMENT PLAN CIRCUIT COURT FOR WORCESTER COUNTY FAMILY SUPPORT SERVICES DIVISION FAMILY LAW CASES Pursuant to Maryland Rule 16-202, 16-204, 2-504.1, and 17-100-108, the
MIAMI-DADE COMMUNITY COLLLEGE LEGAL ASSISTANT PROGRAM COMPETENCY STATEMENT PLA 2800-Family Law Course Description: This course provides students with an understanding of the principles that govern domestic
What to expect DIVORCE in the The Ninth Judicial Circuit Court of Florida in and for Orange County Office of the Court Administrator FAMILY COURT SERVICES 425 North Orange Avenue, Suite 510 Orlando, Florida
Sample agreement: Collaborative Law Between: and and agree as follows: 1. GOALS We believe that it is in our mutual best interest to resolve our differences by discussing and agreeing on what is important
Tioga county DIVORCE WHERE PARTIES CONSENT TO THE DIVORCE AND NO PROPERTY NEEDS TO BE DIVIDED Self help divorce kit IT IS STRONGLY RECOMMENDED THAT YOU CONSULT AN ATTORNEY!! DISCLAIMER THE STAFF IN ANY
DIVORCE PACKET YOUR LEGAL RIGHTS MAY BE BETTER PROTECTED WITH THE HELP OF AN ATTORNEY IF YOU AND YOUR SPOUSE HAVE A CHILD OR CHILDREN, OWN A HOME OR BUSINESS, OR IF EITHER SPOUSE HAS A PENSION OR RETIREMENT
DIVORCE BROCHURE Rev 10/2009 Dear Circuit Court Patron: My staff and I are dedicated to providing the best possible service to those using the Court. With this goal in mind, we developed the attached handout
How to Save Money on Your Divorce An overview of the Divorce process in California, and how to choose the right Attorney for your budget. Brought to you by: Legal Action Workshop The Law Firm that offers
PARENTAL RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES The relationship between children and their parents in a divorce, once called custody, is now called Parental Rights and Responsibilities. The wording of the law has
The Divorce Process What to Expect By Cassandra P. Hicks It is impossible to cover what can happen in any given case so the following is an effort to explain in general terms the overall divorce process
GETTING A DIVORCE A BASIC GUIDE TO MINNESOTA LAW Revised Eleventh Edition June 2012 Preface This booklet explains your rights in a Minnesota divorce and includes information on custody, parenting time,
INSTRUCTIONS FOR CUSTODY BY A THIRD PARTY YOU MAY NEED AN ATTORNEY IF: 1. The case is contested and your opponent has a lawyer. 2. You cannot find your opponent to serve him or her with your papers. 3.
7 th JMTC Legal Assistance Information Divorce & Separation Overseas Please note that this Information Paper only provides basic information and is not intended to serve as a substitute for personal consultations
Welcome Thank you for considering me in your divorce. The Badanes Law Office prides itself on recognizing that each divorce is different and that each divorce requires different skills. We understand that
The Uncontested Divorce Process in Texas This guide is intended to help you use the uncontested divorce forms provided by www.texaslawhelp.org Is your divorce contested? -Or- Is your divorce uncontested?
TAKE-1 YOU AND YOUR LAWYER XVIII AIRBORNE CORPS LEGAL ASSISTANCE OFFICE YOU AND YOUR LAWYER 1. Q. HOW DO I CHOOSE A PRIVATE ATTORNEY? A. There are many ways to select a private attorney if you do not have
GUIDE FOR FAMILY LAW CASES NINETEENTH JUDICIAL CIRCUIT LAKE COUNTY, ILLINOIS PREPARED BY THE JUDGES OF THE NINETEENTH JUDICIAL CIRCUIT AND THE LAKE COUNTY BAR ASSOCIATION The materials contained herein
Updated: March 10, 2005 The Self Help Legal Center SIU School Of Law Carbondale, IL 62901 (618) 453-3217 Disclaimer Please read 2 This packet of information was prepared to answer general questions and
How Is A Divorce Settlement Reached? In divorce or civil partnership dissolution the court's first consideration is given to the welfare of any children under the age of 18. In financial proceedings the
THE BASICS Getting Spousal Support in New York State In this booklet, we call the person who receives support the wife or ex-wife. And we call the person who pays support the husband or ex-husband. This
C H A P T E R 4 SEPARATE SUPPORT DOUGLAS W. MCCORMAC, ESQ. South Coastal Counties Legal Services, Inc., New Bedford General Overview... 106 What is Separate Support?... 106 How Does Separate Support Differ
BETH G. REINEKE, ESQUIRE 1003 W. CLEVELAND STREET TAMPA, FL 33606 BOARD CERTIFIED EMERITUS FAMILY ATTORNEY CERTIFIED FAMILY LAW MEDIATOR September 18, 2014 TELEPHONE: (813) 205-6675 EMAIL: BETH@BETHREINEKE.COM
This chapter includes information about: Marriage Civil Unions Legal Separation Divorce Uncontested Divorces Contested Divorces Child Support Child Support Enforcement Changing or Modifying Court Orders
ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER NO. 2004-14-02 IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE NINTH JUDICIAL CIRCUIT, IN AND FOR ORANGE AND OSCEOLA COUNTIES, FLORIDA AMENDED ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER RE: FAMILY MEDIATION PROVIDING FOR MANDATORY