1 Essay of analysis of the approach Knowledge management within the Algerian public enterprise Réalisé par: Mr AISSAT Amina Mr ASMANI Arezki Mr AMDAOUD Mounir
2 Plan of the exposition Introduction; Definitions and characteristics of knowledge management; Knowledge Management in the theories of the firm; management of the knowledge in Algeria: state of the places; ICT in Algeria and their impacts on the development of the Algerian company; the economy of the management of the knowledge in the enterprises Algerian: analysis of the different cases; Conclusion.
3 Introduction Economic development is a necessary condition for maintaining a stable and supportive. In a situation of increasing competition, the management of renewable resources are becoming increasingly important in the current context. However, when we think sustainable development is associated with this concept too often the only environmental concern, ie to protect the future of the planet. It is certainly important, but access to knowledge is a key to sustainable development. Indeed, the share of intangible, intellectual work and research and development in the process of creating wealth is growing. Change is in the amount of knowledge produced, the complexity of manufactured products and the organization of actors in the dynamics of knowledge production. ICT has helped to accelerate this trend in the last twenty years. This applies to all economic sectors, they produce goods conventional industrial or service. The consensus is to say that we have entered the knowledge economy.
4 Definitions and characteristics of knowledge management Before defining Knowledge Management, we first define the knowledge. Knowledge is an evolving mix of experience, values, contextualized information and expertise, which provides a framework for evaluating and incorporating new experiences and information "(J.DAVENPORT, L.PRUSAK, 1998). Pour ( I.NONAKA 1994), "knowledge is true belief and justified, that is to say, according to the beliefs of its holder. There are two types of knowledge in organizations: tacit knowledge and explicit knowledge (I.NONAKA, 1991 M.PLANYI, 1966).
5 Knowledge Management in the theories of the firm Knowledge management is a very important echo in the way of conceiving the firm. From the perspective of economics of information, the design of the firm as the dominant economic theories (including the theory of agency or transactional theory) is the information processor (FRESMAN, 1994). The company is thus seen as a mechanism for allocating scarce resources that provides a response to market failures when the future is not capable of processing the information itself.
6 Management of the knowledge in Algeria: state of the places Erect a pole at the national level skills in ICT that can serve domestic demand and be able to export term in education three objectives are pursued : 1) give the future managers of the mastery of new communication for education modernization 2) Make universal access to information through the internet, a reflex for any discussion or decision making. Also, budgets were allocated for sais purpose in the areas of education vocational haiving and higher education sector.
7 Table: budgets for different operations introductory ICT sectors. Sectors Budgets in dinars Education Operation 1 Operation 2 Health 1,2 billion 1,35 billion 1,1 billion Source : BESSALEH
8 1.3. In scientific research in addition to the programs and priorities identified by the 1998 Act, several areas are identified within the three year program to support the economic recovery for operations were indidualized. Each with its own budget: -Network development and production for high value- added software; - Network design for specific circuits; -Central technological manufacturing VLSI circuits; - ALSAT program manufacturing small satellites.
9 operations Network development and production for high value- added software National network of integrated circuit design application specific 500 million of DA 250 million of DA Creation of a central technology manufacturing ASIL level of R and D 02 billion of DA The project ALSAT1 The project ALSAT2 1,2 billion of DA 2,5 billion of DA (approx) Source : BESSALEH
10 2. Institutions: institution that have succeeded have reliad heavily an institutions that have worked in the direction of the implementation the SCF are generally those that reflect the degree of political commitment on the part of the state and government in general. Regarding the implementation we illustrate this with the areas of training, research and development ICT. Developments are accompanied by legislation that has accelerated SMIG Executive decree N 95 of 24 June 1995 completed laying down procedures of the national fund for scientific research and technological development. Executive decree N of 2 July 1995, in the establishment, organization and functioning of the national agency for the development of academic research. The executive decree N 98 of 21 February 1998, establishing the status and Algerian. The new legislative package of 21 August 2001growing the development of the investment that is the end of the implementation of the 1993 framwork and projecting a new vision for the promotion and development investment in Algeria.
11 Table: device sector research institutions Laws and regulation programming trending -ministry for a scientific and technological research (MDRST) -national conseil for scientific and technological research (CNRST) -national commission of evaluation and foresigert (CNEPRU) -sectoral committees and commissions international -center and research units (CERIST,,???????) -alg??? ANORS, ANVREDET -executive decree n 95 of 24 Junes 1995 (national fund RSDT) -laws August 1998??program an scientific research and technological development -executive order in February 1998 in the creation and status of indidual property (INAPI) year development plan of the RDST ( ) -19?????research programs (WRP) in law of August 98 in centives -national agency for promotion of research (ANVREDET) -technopark of sidi abdellah (Algiers) (innovation, training, incubation) -budget of R and D by 0,3% to 0,7%of GDP in 2001 and 1% in % Equity research centers Source: AbdelKader DJEFLAT, the knowledge based economy, status and????for Algeria, Dar el adib, 2006, 108
12 3.incentive instruments: The reforms Sector reforms postal and telecommunications in the case of telecommunication in productive the Algerian government has implemented a sires???? Of initiative to words the telecommunications and information technology, aware of the years 2000 and 2001 incending the establishment by law n of the operator Algeria telecom Algeria EPIC and position as well as the regulatory authority of the post and telecommunications (ARTP). This will open opportunities for foreign direct investment: license sales, spin (???, djawab, enis,.etc). This approach includes: telecommunications regulation, monopolitaion of internet access and licensing ESM
13 4. Governance: political commitment over the frame is intentional fundamental factors in the application of the SCF. They are necessary conditions, they can be expected if the effects in the ground. This is reflected in particular by the creation of a fardable???? and attractive to the potential of knowledge motivized both within the country and outside parameters that contribute to the creation of this atmosphere define good????? Name. The world bank scientific several parameters. The control of the legislative frame work and the rule of law, the effectileness of the administration of the state, the participation of stakeholders in the formulation of public polives and control, political stability the control of corruption and freedom of the press for the creation of a democratic basis for creativity and initiative in science and????? and economic sphere in several. Compared to the Maghreb countries and the MENA region, Algeria has better scores on the regularity framework, freedom on the press, but it has a bad score of administration of the state (DJEFLAT.2006)
14 Synthesis It is clear that Algeria, like many countries in the sub MENA has come some way in the direction of the EFC but compared of the other countries or the sub region, there is still a dealy to?????up some sectoral policies oriented in the direction of the knowledge economy are carread out, by they are fragmented and mostty in coordinated.????reforms started well and can be a good example for other sectors of the economy, its already has???? and measurable. However, the delay in comparison with other countries is important. An overall state???and vision Algeria s own EFC taking into account the specificities of the country should help to an accelerate the pace of county s entry into the era of the SCF. For this, it requires to be some areational priority that effects different areas: the area of R and D must innovate continunibly and the education system which must be renewed on a permanent basis through training the??? life and continuous development and self-sustraining ICT infrastructures. In addition to this basic requirements, the opening of the productive system, the colonial system and economic exchange, an adequate regulatory framework contribute to the development of the knowledge economy in Algeria.
15 ICT in Algeria and their impacts on the development of the Algerian company
16 The economy of the management of the knowledge in the enterprises Algerian: analysis of the different cases;. The knowledge management within the company Sonatrach. Following the issue of loss of critical knowledge, the company Sonatrach has felt the need to conduct a knowledge management project that capitalizes experiences accumulated over the years in order to fight against the negative effects caused by these losses. The general principle of the approach KM company Sonatrach is to identify the best professional know-how, to formalize models and their transfer. This requires the design professional references as maps, strategic alignment and knowledge identified in the selection, design and implementation of the most suitable methods for the dissemination, sharing and appropriation of knowledge.
17 Figure: Steps in the capitalization of the company Sonatrach
18 System implementation tolas to the AMC The AMC, measurement and control is an Algerian company occupying some 681 employees and has invested in 1997 in ERP (enterprise resource planning or ERP) for the purchase portfolio management: the system tola). The system is a tool tolas portfolio management developed from purchasing specifications established by the IT department of the AMC. This system has generic features of such a tool include: - Management of Procurement and Supply - Input and output products - Purchase accounting -Accounting for inputs and outputs of any type
22 Case Study: ONAAPH The National Board of equipment and accessories for people with disabilities (ONAAPH) is a Algerian, under the Ministry of Labour and Social Security, established by Decree N of to respond effectively to the material needs of the disabled, The ONAAPH invested in 2007 with the purchase of various management software for various functions and also the installation of the internet as a working tool. This investment seems somewhat late knowing that it is envisaged since This can be explained by a certain inertia of this structure depends on a department and a board of directors.
23 Although the introduction of these tools has been a willingness on their ownership by all employees, we can say that the office has not been able to unite its employees around a common vision of sharing knowledge. This experiment shows that the introduction of ICT does not automatically generate a best practice of knowledge management.
26 Case study: Implementation of the intranet within the company OTA-DJEZY OTA (Orascom Telecom Algeria) a subsidiary of OTH (ORASOMTELECOMHOLDING) is a leader in the field of telephony and new technologies). This group is located Algeria, Egypt, Tunisia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Iraq and Zimbabwe, giving International in scope. In July 2001, the group Orascom Telecom won the second mobile license in Algeria. 6600personnes The company employs approximately at the national level. It has a branch in Algiers, four regional directorates (east, west, central south) and about 70 branches throughout the country. Society OTA decided to invest in the development of an intranet site to facilitate the work of staff.
28 Society OTA decided to invest in the development of an intranet site to facilitate the work of staff. The company intranet OTA generic functions of such a tool, in particular: -Electronic messaging to send and receive messages internally and externally. - Common directory: includes all address books in a single file; Diffusion-house document avoids the multiplication of copies and paper allows archiving of all identifiable directories. -Briefed promotions, flash info... -Registration of customer information. - Reporting of employee activity The introduction of the intranet has enabled improvements in all key success factors. Introduction of ICT was an opportunity to strengthen the practices of knowledge management.
29 Case Study: LOTUS NOTES introduction to society ATM Mobilis The company Mobils ATM operator Algerian public, is a subsidiary of the public company economic Algeria Telecom. It is autonomous since August 2003.ATM mobilis is one of the few public companies in Algeria who is involved in a business area highly scalable in terms of technology and where the market is characterized by high volatility and tough competition. mobilis ATM, which employs about 2005salariés, has invested in a single 2005dans messagerieélectronique tool, lotus notes. This investment is based on the desire to make structural choices and to adapt the organization to ensure a more responsive and better communication within the company. The software Lotus Notes is a communication tool that was introduced in the company whose goal is to simplify work processes and reduce processing times and rapid circulation of information.system implementation tolas to the AMC
30 The AMC, measurement and control is an Algerian company occupying some 681 employees and has invested in 1997 in ERP (enterprise resource planning or ERP) for the purchase portfolio management: the system tola). The system is a tool tolas portfolio management developed from purchasing specifications established by the IT department of the AMC. This system has generic features of such a tool include: - Management of Procurement and Supply - Input and output products - Purchase accounting -Accounting for inputs and outputs of any type Beyond the functionality offered ICT talk, we can consider this environment as the materialization of a managerial objective, namely: -Time savings thanks to efficient data processing - Greater solvency information -Store the information in a secure manner. In conclusion, we can say that we are faced with an improvement in the quality of the operation and management of the company, which is not due to the technological tool itself, but in the collective creation of meaning around this tool, and practices of knowledge management has been strengthened with the introduction.
31 Difficulties: Include some of the most important and include: Knowledge is traditionally linked to research and development activities that are carried out by both the public and private sector and which we know the weaknesses and difficulties in this area, particularly in developing countries. It is produced and distributed by the device education and training including higher who knows other types of operational difficulties. A non-negligible mass of knowledge is produced at the international level and needs to be transferred, and this leads to additional costs of transfer and loss of significant substance.
32 The mass of tacit knowledge are the lifeblood of a number e advanced countries remains inaccessible and difficult to transfer. The share of tacit knowledge is an often much larger than the mass of codified knowledge used in the economy. The reasons are multiple DCs. From an economic perspective, the costs of codification is not negligible, entire of activities did not codify knowledge (knowledge used by SMEs, artisans, small businesses etc...). From the point of view of technical codification, storage and dissemination of technical and require sophisticated technological sometimes not available or poorly controlled locally. From a cultural standpoint, the preponderance of morality, widespread in MENA, added to the number of rural people are the modern codification reflexes are not sufficiently developed
33 This part of the tacit knowledge accumulated is difficult to transfer internally and intersectoral spillovers and the production of positive externalities on the rest of the economy remain relatively limited. Protective barriers of knowledge considered essential for its reproduction and development are perceived by a number of developing countries as many difficulties for its acquisition especially in the field of health, environment etc... The idea of make global public goods flows. Knowledge are relatively difficult to identify macro-economic difficulties due to the traditional access to reliable data related to them. This process becomes even more difficult to define complex when it comes to identifying the most reliable translation at the meso level, that is to say at the regional cities and sectors.
35 Potential From a strictly economic point of view capitalization, storage and dissemination of knowledge with a relatively lower cost than capital goods, investment levels are relatively lower as necessary to integrate growth factor and development. Tacit knowledge is an integral part of the EFC is the source of wealth creation and competitiveness. It opens interesting prospects for a country like Algeria. It requires coding costs relatively accessible and can create cheaply diffusion effects and externality.
36 Many fields of knowledge exist and it is identified. Among the fields of knowledge that can be recycled include industrial experience accumulated by workers both at the technical point of view that organizational and managerial. The ICT revolution and the advent of the Internet open up tremendous opportunities for access to global knowledge. Multifaceted cooperation, bilateral, decentralized channels can be valuable access to knowledge
37 Conclusion The goal of our research is both scientific and industrial, it is to guide companies suffer from the problem of loss of knowledge to the practice of knowledge management and that in order to minimize the negative effects caused by the loss of their wealth of knowledge. In general, the Algerian organizations favor the introduction and use of ICT to improve their organizational program. Indeed, it is clear from these case studies that all respondents are in favor of the use of ICT and consider that they can process information more easily and quickly, which is an asset to the organization
38 On knowledge management practices are poorly understood and are therefore not unanimous. Algerian organizations are characterized by their rigidity and lack of culture of sharing information and knowledge, which constitutes an obstacle to knowledge management approaches. This result leads us to the conclusion that the Algerian organizations should be encouraged to implement such practices require a reorganization of organizational structures, which must be ungraded to promote modes of nonverbal communication conducive to the implementation of projects knowledge management.
NATIONAL INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES STRATEGY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN (2003-2012) Science and technologies are developing very fast. That s why we in Azerbaijan
Republic of Serbia Ministry of Science and Environmental Protection Serbia and Montenegro Tentative Action Plan Draft 1 Belgrade, September 2005 Tentative Action Plan - Draft 1 Section 1 and 2 Information
Public private partnership research cooperation 2012 Eu SPRI Conference Towards Transformative Governance? -Responses to missionoriented innovation policy paradigms Karlsruhe 2012 Dr. Dirk Meissner Deputy
BRIDGING THE GAP BETWEEN BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT AND FINANCIAL SERVICES IN THE MIDDLE EAST Rania Bikhazi Enterprise Development Specialist International Labour Organization THE ARAB PRIVATE SECTOR STILL FALLS
CHAPTER 11: The Problem of Global Inequality MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. The claim that poverty is unethical is essentially a. Normative c. political b. theoretical d. scientific 2. Self-interest is an important
ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises I. Introduction I.1 Current Challenge: Most countries in the region are undergoing reforms that are opening their economies to greater
Corporate Performance Management - Tool for New Public Management JAN FUKA, PETRA LEŠÁKOVÁ Faculty of Economics and Administration University of Pardubice Studentská 95 CZECH REPUBLIC email@example.com,
IOE PERSPECTIVES ON THE POST 2015 DEVELOPMENT AGENDA JANUARY 2013 INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATION OF EMPLOYERS Disclaimer Articles posted on the website are made available by the UNCTAD secretariat in the form
THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS STRATEGY DeRuiter Consultancy International Market & Investment Surveyors A STEP-BY-STEP APPROACH TO DEVELOPING A BUSINESS STRATEGY FOR INTERNATIONAL GROWTH
TAXATION AND AID FOR DOMESTIC RESOURCE MOBILIZATION (D.R.M.) AID: HELPING OR HARMING DOMESTIC RESOURCE MOBILIZATION IN AFRICA My presentation deals with i. Definition and Importance of Domestic Resource
Distribution: limited ED/BIE/CONFINTED 48/5 Geneva, 28 November 2008 Original: English UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON EDUCATION Forty eighth
THE PROCESS OF PLANNING AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY: THE CASE OF UGANDA. By Margaret Kakande Poverty Analyst Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development, Government
Economic 360 for Indonesia: Growth Prospects and Emerging Opportunities in the ICT Industry Indonesia s ICT Industry Decoded: Hardware, Software, and Telecom to Propel Growth April 2012 Contents Executive
The World We Want A North-East Asian Youth Vision This Declaration was handed to His Excellency Kim Sung-hwan, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade of the Republic of Korea, in Seoul on 9 th of January
www.circ.in survey identified managing cooperation as a significant barrier to innovation [Herstatt et al, 2006]. Particularly SMEs, on account of their limited resources, are more dependent on cooperation
The Challenges of the Software Industry WIPO - MOET - ALSI Seminar 21-22 February 2011 Beirut - Lebanon Aly Harakeh Aly.Harakeh@microsoft.com Marketing Manager Microsoft Lebanon and NIM Overview The high-tech
ICC 105 19 Rev. 1 16 October 2012 Original: English E International Coffee Council 109 th Session 24 28 September 2012 London, United Kingdom Strategic action plan for the International Coffee Organization
Different factors affect the performance of these collaboration projects. These factors are related either to the project's macro, meso or micro environments, to the partners involved, to the collaboration
Finland must take a leap towards new innovations Innovation Policy Guidelines up to 2015 Summary Finland must take a leap towards new innovations Innovation Policy Guidelines up to 2015 Summary 3 Foreword
The Kaieteur Institute For Knowledge Management THE e-knowledge BASED INNOVATION SEMINAR OVERVIEW! Introduction Knowledge is a new form of renewable and intangible energy that is transforming many organizations.
CHAPTER 11 INTERNATIONAL STRATEGY AND ORGANIZATION LEARNING OBJECTIVES: 1. Explain the stages of identification and analysis that precede strategy selection. 2. Identify the two international strategies
National Health Research Policy The establishment of a Department of Health Research (DHR) in the Ministry of Health is recognition by the GOI of the key role that health research should play in the nation.
Sustainable Development Strategy: Egypt Vision 2030 Nihal El Megharbel, PhD First Assistant to the Minister of Planning, Monitoring and Administrative Reform Workshop on National Development Strategies
BANK OF JAMAICA (BOJ) VISION OF THE FUTURE NATIONAL PAYMENT SYSTEMS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY MARCH 2006 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1. The Bank of Jamaica (BOJ) has embarked on a process of payment system reform to enhance
Education 201 III. EDUCATION A. BACKGROUND Public awareness of the importance of intellectual property in the information age is essential to the successful implementation and growth of the NII. The average
Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning Plan Cap-Net International Network for Capacity Building in Sustainable Water Management November 2009 The purpose of this document is to improve learning from the Cap-Net
THE COUNTRY STRATEGY OF THE INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT BANK for the Russian Federation (Main provisions) This country strategy for 2013-2015 has been drawn up as an elaboration of the Development Strategy
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Over the last four years, the Spanish Government has put in place an ambitious reform agenda that has transformed the Spanish economy. This agenda has been built over three pillars: fiscal
INFORMAL BACKGROUND DOCUMENT The European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and health General The European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) was developed in 2004, with the objective of avoiding the emergence of new
DCED Green Growth Working Group For a Green Economy Tomorrow, Private Sector Development Today will Tip the Scales! The Rio+20 summit in June 2012 will further substantiate the concept of sustainable development
GOVERNMENT OF DOMINICIA INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STRATEGIC PLAN APRIL 18, 2005 Establishment, Personnel and Training Department Information Technology Strategic Plan 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS BACKGROUND 2 VISION...4
I. MAIN ISSUES CHINA S DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY: THE KNOWLEDGE AND INNOVATION PERSPECTIVE Carl Dahlman Jean-Eric Aubert World Bank Institute 2000 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY China has made great progress since it opened
EUROPEAN CHARTER FOR SMALL ENTERPRISES Small enterprises are the backbone of the European economy. They are a key source of jobs and a breeding ground for business ideas. Europe s efforts to usher in the
Public Information Notice (PIN) No. 01/94 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE September 19, 2001 International Monetary Fund 700 19 th Street, NW Washington, D. C. 20431 USA IMF Concludes 2001 Article IV Consultation
COMPARISON OF OPTIONS ERP TO Best of Breed by David Hope- Ross, Senior Director, Oracle For organizations making the decision between best- of- breed (BoB), defined as using a specific software application
United Nations A/55/6 (Prog. 9) General Assembly Distr.: General 18 April 2000 Original: English Fifty-fifth session Item 120 of the preliminary list* Programme planning Contents Proposed medium-term plan
Rapid Market System Analysis Quality of Engineers for Multinational Enterprises (MNE s) Skills Gap between recent graduate and MNE Outsourcing Job Market Needs Executive Summary December 2015 This Publication
NETWORK SUSTAINABILITY 1 1 This document has been written by Alfredo Ortiz, Country Director Pact Ecuador & LAC Regional Coordinator, and Guillermo Rivero, Financial Services Manager, Pact HQ. USA. 2006.
OPERATIONAL PROGRAM NUMBER 6 PROMOTING THE ADOPTION OF RENEWABLE ENERGY BY REMOVING BARRIERS AND REDUCING IMPLEMENTATION COSTS 6.1 The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) seeks
Call topics 2013 SAF RA joint call on Human and organizational factors including the value of industrial safety September 2013 SAF RA is an ERA-NET on industrial safety funded by the European Commission
Appendix 1 Long-Term (Six-Year) Action (Strategic) Plan for Development of LEPL Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University (2011-2017) The University Worthy Member of the World Scientific Educational
INSURANCE CORE PRINCIPLES, STANDARDS, GUIDANCE AND ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY ICP 4 Draft revisions for consultation June 2015 (Clean version) ICP 4 Licensing A legal entity which intends to engage in insurance
SUMMARY DOCTORAL THESIS:,,RESEARCH ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF SIMULATED ENTERPRISE IN THE FIELD OF AGRIFOOD. CASE STUDY Doctoral student Engineer RADU (COSTEA-MARCU) DUMITRA, 2011 USAMV-Bucharest; Scientific
Economics World, ISSN 23287144 May 2014, Vol. 2, No. 5, 325332 D DAVID PUBLISHING Competitive Advantage of Libyan Business Environment Salem Abdulla Azzaytuna University, Tripoli, Libya The economic development
USDA Virtual University School of Talent Management Leadership Essentials Certificate Program Leadership Competency Self Assessment Building Blocks for Workforce Development Based on OPM Competencies Updated:
ETHICAL STRUCTURE AGBAR GROUP CODE OF ETHICS In 2002, the Agbar Group published the Corporate Code of Ethics and Conduct for Agbar Group Professionals, a document which brought together criteria of conduct
18 September 2006 Screening report Turkey Chapter 20 Enterprise and industrial policy Date of screening meetings: Explanatory meeting: 27/28 March 2006 Bilateral meeting: 4/5 May 2006 Turkey: chapter 20
Proposal for Conducting Seminar on Introduction to Social Compliance & Its Business Benefits Submitted to: Environment Agency, Abu Dhabi Table of Contents Summary..02 Seminar Objectives 02 Content Outline..02
ONTARIO UNIVERSITY ATHLETICS SPORT PROGRAMMING MANAGER Ontario University Athletics, representing twenty member institutions and over 9,000 student-athletes is responsible to oversee and organize interuniversity
DTEK Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Policy DTEK Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Policy approved by the order of the Chief Executive Officer of DTEK on 26.12.2008 Structure i. Objectives and
On Corporate Debt Restructuring * Asian Bankers Association 1. One of the major consequences of the current financial crisis is the corporate debt problem being faced by several economies in the region.
Liuc Papers n. 192, Serie Economia aziendale 26, luglio 2006 PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS IN ITALIAN LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Monica Giani, Riccardo Giovannetti Analysis scheme of performance management systems
Democratic Republic of Algeria Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research Research Center on Scientific and Technical Information Registration Body For The.DZ Domain Domain Name Policy for the
Issue 2. 2012 УДК 354:65.014.1.477 Sergiy Matiyko, Ph.D. in Public Administration, Melitopol Institute of Public and Municipal Administration of the «Classical Private University» THE OVERALL STRATEGIC
Existing Scenario of Nepalese Insurance Industry 2012 1 1. BRIEF HISTORICAL BACKGROUND The History of financial system in Nepal began in 1881 with the establishment of Tejarath Adda (The National Treasury
Statement by the Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, ECLAC, Dr. José Antonio Ocampo, in the name of Regional Commissions of the United Nations It is a great
ERP Challenges and Opportunities in Government www.frost.com 1 Table of Contents Executive Summary... 3 Introduction... 4 Survey Methodology... 4 A Word About Frost & Sullivan... 5 ERP Systems in Government:
LEARNER-CENTERED PSYCHOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES: A Framework for School Reform & Redesign TABLE OF CONTENTS: Background Learner-Centered Principles Prepared by the Learner-Centered Principles Work Group of the
Challenges of Public Administration Reform in Myanmar Tin Maung Than Director/ Senior Research Fellow CESD-MDRI Centre for Economic and Social Development Myanmar Development Resource Institute Is Myanmar
Chapter 6. Financing of innovative entrepreneurs Ukraine has entrepreneurial talent and a relatively strong risk-taking attitude. These are major ingredients for any policy intervention seeking to promote
CONCEPT NOTE NATIONAL STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN: TOWARDS AN ACCELARATED AND SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION 2012/13 2016/17 Ministry of Finance and Development Planning CONCEPT NOTE NATIONAL
Fundamental rights & anti-discrimination THE COSTS AND BENEFITS OF DIVERSITY European Commission Emplo 2 THE COSTS AND BENEFITS OF DIVERSITY A Study on Methods and Indicators to Measure the Cost-Effectiveness
Terms of Reference Database and Website on Political Parties Summary International IDEA is through its programme on Dialogue and Research on Political Parties (see Annex D for a programme overview) carrying
УДК 330.322:631 Gutkevych S., Doctor of Economics, Professor, Head of Department of International Economy, National University of Food Technologies, Kyiv Zavadskyh A., Candidate of Economics, Associate
Third-Party Logistics in China: Still a Tough Market By Diana Huang and Mark Kadar Mercer recently completed a survey of the third-party logistics (3PL) market in China, in conjunction with the China Federation
European Union Framework Programme for Research and Innovation HORIZON 2020 (Focus areas: Health, Energy and Climate change) Association Agreement with EU and Innovation Strategy of the Ministry of Education
Disclosures supplementing the Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2012 requested by CONSOB pursuant to the provisions of Article 114, paragraph 5, of Legislative Decree 58 of February 24, 1998
CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS FOR NEPALESE CONSULTING BUSINESS: NEED OF CAPACITY BUILDING FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Mr. Hare Ram Shrestha Society of Consulting Architectural and Engineering Firms, Nepal Background
Competitiveness Through Clustering / Collaborative Networks Professor Michael J. Enright University of Hong Kong and Enright, Scott & Associates Belfast, May 2005 1 The competitiveness challenge Competitiveness*
Knowledge Management in Software Companies An Appraisal B. Gopalkrishna, Lewlyn L. R. Rodrigues, P. K. Poornima, and Shivanshu Manchanda Abstract The present study involved evaluation of state of knowledge
The Central American SMEs and ICTs An empirical study on the impact of ICTs adoption on SME s performance by Ricardo Monge González firstname.lastname@example.org Cindy Alfaro Azofeifa email@example.com Jose I. Alfaro
A FRAMEWORK FOR NATIONAL HEALTH POLICIES, STRATEGIES AND PLANS June 2010 A FRAMEWORK FOR NATIONAL HEALTH POLICIES, STRATEGIES AND PLANS June 2010 This paper reviews current practice in and the potential
INVITATION OF PROPOSAL for Study on Status and Opportunities for Indian Consulting Industry CONSULTANCY DEVELOPMENT CENTRE (Autonomous Institution of DSIR, Ministry of Science & Technology) 2 nd Floor,
The Decree of the President of Ukraine, #622/2011 On the Concept of State Migration Policy With a purpose of creation of proper conditions for realization of state policy in the sphere of migration I hereby
The ICT Sector and Knowledge-Based Economies in the ESCWA Region: Investing in Innovation Ayman El-Sherbiny Knowledge society/economy Early definition For countries in the vanguard of the world economy,
Chapter 6:Economies in Transition Economic systems: is a set of institutions for allocating resources and making choices to satisfy human wants. Resource allocation is the assignment of resources to specific
MINISTRY FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS, SWEDEN UTRIKESDEPARTEMENTET Strategy for Sweden s development cooperation with Rwanda 2015 2019 MFA 103 39 Stockholm Telephone: +46 8 405 10 00, Web site: www.ud.se Cover:
InnoEnterprise Project Declan Gordon Carroll InnoEnterprise Project Support to knowledge based and innovative enterprises and technology transfer to business in Ukraine 1.Organising a conduit structure
2011 MicroFinancialOrganization December 2011 LTD MFO Capital Credit Content Business Plan 1. Index of tables and figures 1.1.Georgia........................................................................
PRINCIPLES FOR EVALUATION OF DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE COMMITTEE PARIS, 1991 DAC Principles for Evaluation of Development Assistance Development Assistance Committee Abstract: The following
Business and Investment Environment in Slovakia ESTER - Wp3C Riga September 4 5, 2003 Understanding the business environment from the point of view of new high-tech enterprises. Support measures for SMEs
New Business Thinking A FIVE-YEAR STRATEGIC PLAN FOR 2002-07 New Business Thinking A FIVE-YEAR STRATEGIC PLAN FOR 2002-07 2 NOVA SCOTIA BUSINESS INC. STRATEGIC PLAN Table of Contents The Task at Hand............................................5
Okinawa Charter on Global Information Society 1. Information and Communications Technology (IT) is one of the most potent forces in shaping the twenty-first century. Its revolutionary impact affects the
NEGOTIATING FRAMEWORK FOR TURKEY Principles governing the negotiations 1. The negotiations will be based on Turkey's own merits and the pace will depend on Turkey's progress in meeting the requirements
The Agency for Public Intangibles of France accompanies public sector actors in developing value from intangibles Public Intangibles and the Role of APIE Public intangibles cover a broad spectrum of assets,