1 29 A Study on Financial Planning and Forecasting with Special Reference to HDFC Bank at Thanjavur R. Buvaneswari, Research Scholar, (Asst. Prof. Department of Commerce,) Srimad Andavan Arts & Science College, Trichy Dr. Prakash Babu, Associate Professor, Department of Commerce, AVVM Sri Pushpam College (Autonomous), Poondi, Thanjavur. M. Kavitha, Research Scholar, (Asst. Prof. Department of Commerce,) AVVM Sri Pushpam College (Autonomous), Poondi, Thanjavur ABSTRACT in which the working capital has the special in present day of industrial function. The important aspect is the of the firm can keep operating day to-day function. Here, financial analysis helps the management to make the best use of its financial strength and to spot out the financial weakness to take corrective actions. Thus, it could be stated that it is starting point for using any sophisticated forecasting a planning procedures. Business finance mainly involves, rising of funds and their effective utilization keeping in view the overall objectives of the firm. This requires great caution and wisdom on the part of management. Forecasting in financial management is used to estimate firm future financial needs. If the financial manager has not attempted to anticipate his firm s future financing requirements, then a crisis occurs every time the firms cash inflows fall below its cash outflow. Planning for growth, it means that the financial manager can anticipate the firms financing requirements and plan for them well in advance of the needs. Financial planning is essentially concerned with the economical procurement and profitable use of funds a use which determined by realistic investment decisions. The main function of bank is accepting deposits and lending money to the people. The percentage of credit to working capital and deposit is showing an increasing trend, during this study period. INTRODUCTION in which the working capital has the special in present day of industrial function. The important aspect is the of the firm can keep operating day to-day function. in which the working capital has the special in present day of industrial function. The important aspect is the of the firm can keep operating day to-day function. Financial analysis is the process of identifying the financial strengths and weakness of the firm by properly establishing relationship between the item of the balance sheet and profit and loss account. Financial management is the operational activity of a business that is responsible for obtaining and effectively utilizing the funds necessary for efficient operation. By Joseph& Mass. Forecasting in financial management is used to estimate firm future financial needs. If the financial manager has not attempted to anticipate his firm s future financing requirements, then a crisis occurs every time the firms cash inflows fall below its cash outflow. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY To know the liquidity position of the bank To study the various aspect of assets and liabilities of the bank To analysis the capital structure of the bank and its effectiveness. To identify the changes in the components of working capital`` SCOPE OF THE STUDY 1. The study covers all deposits and loans of the HDFC Bank. Provide as over views of working capital and measure the effectiveness of the various aspect of current assets and liabilities. 2. It gives the overview performance of the bank, and various challenges and opportunities ahead for the HDFC Bank.
2 30 NEED OF THE STUDY Working capital is considered as the blood of business. Inadequate working capital disturbs the continuous production, when there is adequate working capital the payment to creditors is done without failure. As result, the bank gains goodwill. It will also help to get loans and cash discounts. Excess of working capital affects the profitability of the firm; inadequate working capital prevents the firm from fulfilling the current obligations. LIMITATION OF THE STUDY 1. The study covers a period of five years only that is from 2006 to This research has been contained only to financial statement available in the bank. 2. The analysis of past performance of the bank can give broad outline only it predicts the future only to some extent. This study has been made on the basis information contained in the financial statement. As this study is confined of the HDFC Bank limited alone a comparative study of the working of similar banks is prohibit from its scope. This is due to the constrains of time & finance. Through it is being a case study of particular bank it is findings and the suggested remedial measures definitely will brave relevance to other central bank in general. Housing Development Finance Corporation Limited, more popularly known as HDFC Bank Ltd, was established in the year 1994, as a part of the liberalization of the Indian Banking Industry by Reserve Bank of India (RBI). It was one of the first banks to receive an 'in principle' approval from RBI, for setting up a bank in the private sector. The bank was incorporated with the name 'HDFC Bank Limited', with its registered office in Mumbai. The following year, it started its operations as a Scheduled Commercial Bank. Today, the bank boasts of as many as 1412 branches and over 3275 ATMs across in India. AMALGAMATIONS In 2002, HDFC Bank witnessed its merger with Times Bank Limited (a private sector bank promoted by Bennett, Coleman & Co. / Times Group). With this, HDFC and Times became the first two private banks in the New Generation Private Sector Banks to have gone through a merger. In 2008, RBI approved the amalgamation of Centurion Bank of Punjab with HDFC Bank. With this, the Deposits of the merged entity became 1,22,000 crore, while the Advances were 89,000 crore and Balance Sheet size was 1,63,000 crore. TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT HDFC Bank has always prided itself on a highly automated environment, be it in terms of information technology or communication systems. All the branches of the bank boast of online connectivity with the other, ensuring speedy funds transfer for the clients. At the same time, the bank's branch network and Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) allow multi-branch access to retail clients. The bank makes use of its up-to-date technology, along with market position and expertise, to create a competitive advantage and build market share. CAPITAL STRUCTURE At present, HDFC Bank boasts of an authorized capital of Rs 550 crore (Rs5.5 billion), of this the paid-up amount is Rs crore (4.2 billion). In terms of equity share, the HDFC Group holds 19.4%. Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIs) have around 28% of the equity and about 17.6% is held by the ADS Depository (in respect of the bank's American Depository Shares (ADS) Issue). The bank has about 570,000 shareholders. Its shares find a listing on the Stock Exchange, Mumbai and National Stock Exchange, while its American Depository Shares are listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), under the symbol 'HDB'. PERSONAL BANKING SERVICES Savings Accounts Investments & Insurance Salary Accounts Forex Services Current Accounts Payment Services Fixed Deposits Net Banking Demat Account InstaAlerts Safe Deposit Lockers Mobile Banking Loans Insta Query Credit Cards ATM Debit Cards Phone Banking Prepaid Cards CURRENT RATIO Current ratio is the relationship between current assets and current liabilities. Current Assets Current ratio = Current liabilities A current ratio of 2:1 is considered deal. That is, for every one rupee of current of current liability there must be current assets of 2. If the ratio is less than two, it may be difficult for a firm to pay current liabilities. If the ratio is more than two, it is an indicator of idle funds.
3 31 TABLE:1 COMPARISION OF CURRENT ASSETS AND CURRENT LIABILITIES Year Current liabilities Current ratio ,11,632, ,52,356, ,32,537, ,112, ,72,974, ,02,578, ,43,344, ,70,988, ,56,811, ,45,802, TABLE 2 HDFC BANK LTD SCHEDULING OF CHANGE IN WORKING CAPITAL DURING THE YEAR Particulars Increasing Decreasing Cash in hand 1,00,805, ,04,482, ,76, Cash at bank 11,15, ,56, ,41, Advances 36,26,770, ,83,139, ,43,630, Interest receivable 2,17,127, ,29,711, ,415, Bills receivable 95,12, ,27, ,85, Other assets 17,642, ,826, ,83, ,72,974, ,43,344, Less: current Liabilities Interest payable 76,904, ,18,210, ,306, Branch adjustment 14,548, ,540, ,92, Bills for collection 95,12, ,27, ,85, ,59,247, ,314, ,90,933, Other liabilities 42,365, ,295, ,930, Total current Liabilities (B) 4,02,578, ,70,988, Net working capital [A-B] 35,70,395, ,72,355, ,04,120, ,02,160, Decrease in working capital - 4,98,040, ,98,040, Total 35,70,395, ,70,395, ,02,160, ,02,160, TABLE - 3 HDFC BANK LTD SCHEDULING OF CHANGE IN WORKING CAPITAL DURING THE YEAR Particulars Increasing Decreasing Cash in hand 1,04,482, ,02,434, ,48, Cash at bank 15,56, ,74, ,17, Advances 30,83,139, ,83,572, ,00,432, Interest receivable 1,29,711, ,303, ,408,727.00
4 32 Bills receivable 36,27, ,59, ,68, Other assets 20,826, ,268, ,58, ,43,344, ,56,811, Less : current Liabilities Interest payable 1,18,210, ,959, ,251, Branch adjustment 17,540, ,21, ,18, Bills for collection 36,27, ,59, ,68, ,314, ,628, ,685, Other liabilities 63,295, ,13,832, ,537, Total current Liabilities (B) 2,70,988, ,45,802, Net working capital [A-B] 30,72,355, ,11,009, ,78,174, ,39,520, Increase in working capital 9,38,653, ,38,653, Total 40,11,009, ,11,009, ,78,174, ,78,174, TABLE - 4 HDFC BANK LTD COMPARATIVE BALANCE SHEET DURING THE YEAR Particulars Increase/ Decrease % Increase or Decrease Cash in hand 1,04,482, ,02,434, ,48, Cash at bank 15,56, ,74, ,17, Advances 30,83,139, ,83,572, ,00,432, Interest receivable 1,29,711, ,303, ,408, Bills receivable 36,27, ,59, ,68, Other assets 20,826, ,268, ,58, ,43,344, ,56,811, ,13,467, Fixed assets Investment 7,64,757, ,96,197, ,31,439, Consortium finance 70,500, ,53,989, ,489, Govt. loan discount 6,32,589, ,32,589, Premises 55,53, ,97, ,55, Furnishers & fixtures 16,11, ,54, ,43, Vehicles & library 3,48, ,04, ,56, Non banking assets 7, , Profit & loss 1,85,045, ,18,325, ,279, Total fixed assets [B] 16,60,413, ,11,565, ,51,151, Total assets [A+B] 50,03,758, ,68,377, ,64,618, Current liability Interest payable 1,18,210, ,959, ,251, Branch adjustment 17,540, ,21, ,18, Bills for collection 36,27, ,59, ,68,
5 33 68,314, ,628, ,685, Other liabilities 63,295, ,13,832, ,537, Total current liability 2,70,988, ,45,802, ,186, [c] Long term liability Capital 3,14,462, ,59,024, ,44,561, Reserve Fund 5,77,316, ,40,752, ,435, Deposit 24,05,524, ,47,624, ,42,100, Borrowing 13,64,965, ,21,184, ,56,218, Consortium 70,500, ,53,989, ,489, Total long term 47,32,769, ,22,575, ,89,805, liability (D) Total liability [C+D] 50,03,758, ,68,377, ,64,618, FINDINGS The Current Ratios are in satisfactory level. It was Increasing that, the bank liquidity position is satisfactory. The comparative statement shows the current and long term financial position of the bank activities. The common size statement shows the movement of cash position and changes of financial position in the bank SUGGESTIONS 1. The bank management may take necessary steps to employ more numbers of staff considering the burden of work load. 2. The bank work can be performed smoothly and successfully only if it has sufficient number of staff. At present the number of staff in the bank is inadequate. 3. The capacity of members in bank, it can still increase through motivation and specialized service. 4. The bank has extend adequate financial assistance to the members to develop in trade and industry. 5. Advertisement and publicity should be given so as to make the awareness to the public. 6. The bank should increase the share capital. 7. Special types of deposits scheme have to be introduced the benefit of the deposit. 8. The central and state government is spending a substantial amount to improve the standard of work done by the bank employees. The management may take into consideration while revising the pay structure of the staff CONCLUSION The HDFC Bank has been serving the people of Thanjavur and surrounding areas for the past 95 years. The main function of bank is accepting deposits and lending money to the people. The percentage of credit to working capital and deposit is showing an increasing trend, during this study period. It clearly indicates lack of scientific portfolio management, of the HDFC bank. BIBLIOGRAPHY  N.L.Hingorani, A..R.Ramanathan and T.S.Grewal, 2000 Management  Accounting, Fifth edition, New Delhi.  C.R.Kothari, 2004 Research methodology, second edition, New Delhi Willey Fastern Limited.  Dr.S.N.Maheswari, 2006 Financial Management, Fourth edition, New Delhi.  T.S.Reddy And J.Hari Prasad, 2007 Management Accounting, Third edition, Margam Publications.
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