1 Post-Flooding Considerations And Mold June 2005 Version 1.0 Florida Building Commission 2555 Shumard Oak Boulevard Tallahassee, Florida (850) State of Florida 2005
2 Preface The appropriate response to an unplanned water event such as a broken pipe, sewage back-up, or severe weather such as a hurricane can mean the difference between a minor inconvenience and long-lasting damage to a home and its contents. In addition to the time and cost associated with restoring the home, you should also be aware that serious indoor air quality problems might occur as the result of mold. Considerations for handling post-flooding problems are included along with information on mold and the importance of handling any post-flooding situation as if it were a fire. You wouldn t wait to extinguish a fire nor should you wait to deal with water damage regardless of what caused it. You must act quickly to resolve the problem. Special thanks are extended to the following individuals/organizations who so kindly allowed us to use images and information to make this presentation possible: Dr. Sandy Wiggins, North Carolina State University; North Dakota State Cooperative Extension; Dr. Wendell Porter, University of Florida, IFAS; United States Environmental Protection Agency; Amber Wysocki and Dr. Kathleen Parrott, Virginia Cooperative Extension Service. A special thank you to the reviewers: Mary Harrison, Professor, Consumer Education, Family, Youth and Community Sciences, University of Florida, IFAS Jeff Michael, Construction Management Consultant, Program for Resource Efficient Communities, University of Florida Product brands mentioned in this document are for educational purposes only and are not directly or indirectly endorsed or recommended by program developers or instructors or the University of Florida. For more information regarding the Florida Building Code contact: Florida Building Commission, Department of Community Affairs 2555 Shumard Oak Boulevard Tallahassee, FL (850) To obtain a complete copy of the 2004 Florida Building Code contact The Florida Department of Community Affairs Building Code Information System Web site: The Florida Energy Extension Service worked with Building A Safer Florida, Inc. under contract to the Florida Building Commission through the Florida Department of Community Affairs to develop Version 1.0 of this program. Dr. Kathleen Ruppert coordinated development of the program and Ms. Barbara Haldeman provided layout and design services. Version 1.0 Printed June 2005
3 1 Post-Flooding Considerations and Mold Florida Building Commission Department of Community Affairs 2555 Shumard Oak Boulevard Tallahassee, FL (850) This presentation focuses on post-flooding considerations and mold in residential properties. The information is intended to give you ideas for areas of what to consider when dealing with post-flooding situations, but is not all inclusive. Links to additional information are incorporated throughout to give you places to conduct further study. In addition, a separate resource list for websites dealing with mold is at the end of this book. This is a complex issue that not only requires due diligence, but also common sense. Be sure that you and your employees understand that a water event such as a broken pipe, sewage back-up, or severe weather storm should be treated in much the same fashion as if it were a fire. If the problem were a fire, you would act right away the same is true for a post-flooding situation. The faster you act to remove excess water, clean and dry the building, the lesser the potential for you to have a large mold outbreak.
4 2 Cover Your Assets Keep a current hard copy of whatever postflooding and/or mold remediation guidelines you are following. Some guidelines commonly used include: ACGIH ASCR CCA EPA IICRC NYC 2 Whether you choose to do the work yourself or hire a contractor (or other professional service provider) to do the cleanup, make sure the contractor has training and experience doing the type of work you are requesting. Check references and ask the contractor what recommendations they are following. Several of the better-known and recognized guidelines/associations include: Guidelines of the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH). Bioaerosols: Assessment and Control Water Loss Institute, an Institute of the Association of Specialists in Cleaning and Restoration (ASCR) - (800) or (410) ; (information on water and sewage damage restoration) Canadian Construction Association, CCA Mould Guidelines for the Canadian Construction Industry. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Radiation, Indoor Environments Division. Mold Remediation in Schools and Commercial Buildings. EPA 402-K March (can apply to residential structures as well) Institute of Inspection, Cleaning and Restoration Certification (IICRC), IICRC Standard and Reference Guide for Professional Carpet Cleaning (IICRC S100) Institute of Inspection, Cleaning and Restoration Certification (IICRC), IICRC Reference Guide for Professional Mold Remediation (IICRC S520). 2003, Institute of Inspection, Cleaning and Restoration Certification (IICRC), IICRC Standard and Reference Guide for Professional Water Damage Restoration (IICRC S500) New York City Department of Health & Mental Hygiene Bureau of Environmental & Occupational Disease Epidemiology Guidelines on assessment and Remediation of Fungi in Indoor Environments. Always keep a record of what guidelines and procedures are followed for each job.
5 3 Safety: Injury and Illness Prevention Take necessary precautions when entering, cleaning, drying, and leaving the home Make certain tetanus shots are up to date Wear protective clothing 3 Keep in mind that your safety, and the safety of the occupants of the dwelling you enter, are of paramount importance. Post-flooding clean up is a difficult task that must take place quickly. Acting quickly to clean and dry is extremely important; however, rushing through a job places you in a position prone to accident and illness. Think before you act and make a plan before commencing any work.
6 4 Safety: Injury and Illness Prevention Wear one of these (N-95 or P-95) if you think mold spores are present 4 In order to limit your exposure to airborne mold, you may want to wear one of these if you suspect mold is present. They are available at many hardware stores and from companies that advertise on the Internet. (They cost about $12 to $25.) Some N-95 respirators resemble a paper dust mask with a nozzle on the front, others are made primarily of plastic or rubber and have removable cartridges that trap most of the mold spores from entering. In order to be effective, the respirator or mask must fit properly, so carefully follow the instructions supplied with the respirator. Please note that the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires that respirators fit properly (fit testing) when used in an occupational setting; consult OSHA for more information ( OSHA or ) Note that the OSHA website has a respirator selection program that can help you choose the right respirator for the situation (www.osha.gov/sltc/etools/respiratory/respirator_selection.html) Note: A N-95 respirator covers the nose and mouth and will filter out 95% of the particles in the air. This is the minimum respiratory protection to wear when cleaning small areas of visible or possible mold. Do not accept a dust mask make certain you see N-95 or P-95 (P stands for particulate). N95 Particulate Filter (95% filter efficiency level) effective against particulate aerosols free of oil; time use restrictions may apply. P95 Particulate Filter (95% filter efficiency level) effective against all particulate aerosols.
7 5 Safety: What to wear Use N-95 respirator Wear gloves Wear goggles Wear protective clothing EPA, A Brief Guide to Mold, Moisture and Your Home 5 Do not breathe in mold or mold spores. Wear at least a N-95 respirator, as discussed in the previous slide if you suspect mold is present. Do not touch mold or moldy items with bare hands. Wear gloves. Long gloves that extend to the middle of the forearm are recommended. When working with water and a mild detergent, ordinary household rubber gloves may be used. If you are using a disinfectant, a biocide such as chlorine bleach, or a strong cleaning solution, you should select gloves made from natural rubber, neoprene, nitrile, polyurethane, or PVC. Do not get mold or mold spores in your eyes. Wear goggles. Goggles that do not have ventilation holes are recommended. Wear protective clothing, including rubber boots. Use the appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and containment guidelines for the job. Don t wear contaminated clothing home. Have another set of clothes that you can change in to at the job site. Choose a set of guidelines, document what you re using, and follow them.
8 6 Safety: Injury and Illness Prevention Always use good hand washing practices during this time. It's especially important to wash your hands before smoking, eating or drinking. 6
9 7 Safety: Other Measures Turn off all utilities - electricity/gas/water Don t store anything on top of appliances Don t light a match use a flashlight Be on the look-out for fall/tripping hazards Have a complete first aid kit available Know & practice proper use of generators/tools Know when to call in a professional 7 Depending on the severity of the water event, these additional measures should be considered.
10 8 Known Water Leak Following all safety procedures, turn water off if a leak is the source of the flooding 8
11 9 Categories of Water Water category is determined by: Water source Water contents Water history Water characteristics 9 The category of water, as related to a flooding problem, is an important consideration in determining the appropriate clean-up mode. It s important to realize that even potable water can turn into contaminated water in a short period of time.
12 10 Categories of Water Category 1 Clean Water Category 2 Gray Water Category 3 Black Water IICRC Standard for Professional Water Damage Restoration S500, Second Edition, Generally, floodwater is classified into one of three different categories.
13 11 Category 1: Clean Water Originates from a source that doesn t pose substantial harm to humans There are no contaminants or additives in water Examples: broken toilet tanks toilet bowls appliance malfunctions sink overflows tub overflows ICRC Standard for Professional Water Damage Restoration S500, Second Edition, Category 1 water is sometimes referred to as clean water.
14 12 Category 2: Gray Water Significant level of contamination Potential to cause discomfort or sickness with human consumption/exposure Carries microorganisms and nutrients for microorganisms Examples: dishwasher or washing broken aquariums machine discharge sump pump failures toilet overflows with some urine ICRC Standard for Professional Water Damage Restoration S500, Second Edition, Category 2 water is sometimes referred to as gray water.
15 13 Category 2: Gray Water Degree of contamination greatly affected by time and temperature If left untreated for longer than 48 hours, it can change to Category 3 water ICRC Standard for Professional Water Damage Restoration S500, Second Edition,
16 14 Category 3: Black Water Contains pathogenic agents and is grossly unsanitary Examples: sewage flooding from sea water ground surface water rising water from rivers / water containing pesticides, streams heavy metals, or toxic organic substances ICRC Standard for Professional Water Damage Restoration S500, Second Edition, Category 3 water is sometimes referred to as black water.
17 15 Water Damage Generally speaking, you ve got 24 to 48 hours before mold growth can become rampant 15 Moisture control is the key to mold control, so when water leaks or spills occur indoors act quickly. If wet/damp materials or areas are dried hours after a leak or spill happens, in most cases mold growth will not be amplified.
18 16 Water Damage Four steps in cleaning up and drying out: 1. Remove contaminated mud/debris 2. Clean 3. Disinfect 4. Dry 16
19 17 Clean Up Remove all sediment, debris and organic material deposited by floodwater 17
20 18 Clean Up Remove excess water by mopping or soaking up excess water from hard surfaces or furnishings Use wet vacuuming equipment 18
21 19 Clean Up Throw out? Carpet Padding Mattress Box springs Upholstered furniture Pillows Some wood furniture 19 Depending on many factors (including time and water category) anything cleanable may be kept if you can clean and dry it within a short period of time. However, if it is wet, it needs to be stored away from unaffected (dry) furnishings and building materials, and most likely kept until an insurance company representative has seen the damaged goods.
22 20 Clean Up Clean / repair: Some wood furniture 20 You may not want to be involved in cleaning up anything but the structure itself. However, if you do
23 21 Furniture / Casework Categorize the type of water damage Clean water e.g., potable sources Steam Unsanitary water e.g., rain, ground water Contaminated water e.g., sewage No Upholstered, particle board, pressed wafer board, delaminated furniture / cabinets Within 24 hours and no previous water damage? Yes Hardwood, intact laminate Clean appropriately and monitor Upholstered, hardwood particle board, pressed wafer board, delaminated furniture / cabinets Air dry and monitor Yes Within 24 hours and no previous water damage? No Remove and discard with minimum controls Remove and discard under controlled abatement conditions 21...the University of Minnesota s Environmental Health & Safety Division s publication Managing Water Infiltration into Buildings (www.dehs.umn.edu/iaq/flood.html) contains a number of decision algorithms. An algorithm is a special method of solving a certain kind of problem. This is their decision algorithm for furniture/casework. Refer to their entire document for specific details. Note how their categories of water differ from previously mentioned categories. What is your company s policy?
24 22 Ceiling Tile Clean water e.g., potable water sources Steam Unsanitary water e.g., rain, ground water Contaminated water e.g., sewage Air dry and reuse Yes Within 24 hours and no previous water damage? No Remove and discard with minimum controls Remove and discard under controlled abatement conditions 22 Here is a decision algorithm for water-damaged ceiling tile (www.dehs.umn.edu/iaq/flood.html). Refer to their entire document for specific detail. Note how their categories of water differ from previously mentioned categories. What is your company s procedure?
25 23 Paper / Files Categorize the type of water damage Clean water e.g., potable sources Steam Unsanitary water e.g., rain, ground water Contaminated water e.g., sewage No Essential? Yes Place in freezer bags and freeze Remove and dispose Yes Can be dried quickly? No Dry within hours Clean with water and freeze Contact American Conservation 23 A decision algorithm for water-damaged paper/files (adapted from Refer to their entire document for specific detail. Note how their categories of water differ from previously mentioned categories. What is your company s policy regarding personal possessions such as papers/photographs/etc.?
26 24 Carpet Categorize the type of water damage Clean water e.g., potable sources Steam Unsanitary water e.g., rain, ground water Contaminated water e.g., sewage Yes Within 24 hours and no previous water damage? No Winter Summer (high humidity) Remove and discard under controlled conditions Follow procedure #8 to clean and disinfect Discard Discard under controlled conditions if unable to dry 24 A decision algorithm for water-damaged carpet (www.dehs.umn.edu/iaq/flood.html). Refer to their entire document for specific detail. Note how their categories of water differ from previously mentioned categories. Check out the Carpet and Rug Institute (CRI), (800) , for information on carpet maintenance, restoration guidelines for water-damaged carpet, and other carpet-related issues. What is your company s procedure?
27 25 Sheetrock Categorize the type of water damage Clean water e.g., potable sources Steam Unsanitary water e.g., rain, ground water Contaminated water e.g., sewage Yes Within 24 hours and no previous water damage? No Dry through dehumidification / ventilation salvage and monitor No Within 24 hours and no previous water damage? Yes No Conduct testing to determine if microbial contamination has set in Contaminated? (swab / testing tape) Yes Simultaneously dry sheetrock through dehumidification and ventilation Remove and discard with minimum controls Remove and discard with minimum controls Remove and discard under controlled abatement conditions 25 A decision algorithm for water-damaged sheetrock (www.dehs.umn.edu/iaq/flood.html). Refer to their entire document for specific detail. Note how their categories of water differ from previously mentioned categories. What is your company s procedure?
28 26 Electrical Check by building inspector / contractor Turn power off Discard circuit breakers GFIs, fuses Switches, outlets, electrical motors, light fixtures can be opened and inspected for visible moisture and reused If in doubt, throw it out 26 A decision algorithm for water-damaged electrical equipment/fixtures (www.dehs.umn.edu/iaq/flood.html). Refer to their entire document for specific detail. What is your company s procedure?
29 27 A Note About Disinfectants - Biocides Any product that claims pesticidal effects must be registered with the EPA to be legally sold in the United States. EPA has certain requirements for label contents See for more information or call if you have a specific question 27 Under the terms of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) any product that claims a pesticidal effect (such as kills mold dead! ) must register with EPA to be legally sold in the United States. The EPA controls what the label says, including statements of safety, and makes sure that there is no unreasonable risk, when used as directed. Every bottle of Weed Killer, every can of Roach-B-Gone, etc. has an EPA product registration number and a label which directs you how to use it safely. Some common multi-use products (i.e., bleach) may be sold by house brand. If the label says Bleach for laundry and make no pesticidal claims, it doesn t have to be registered. Even if some consumers use it as an antimicrobial, instead of bleaching their sheets, the product still doesn t have to be registered. Most commercial sanitizers and sterilizers will be registered, even if they are just bleach, because the pesticidal claim helps sales. If you know of a product that makes a pesticidal claim and does not have an EPA registration number, let EPA know. There s a lot more information at and you may also ask specific questions at the National Pesticide Information Center: (800)-858-PEST or (800) , or or check their website npic.orst.edu Also, check out the Antimicrobial Information Hotline at (703) /(703) (FAX), Monday-Friday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM EST; website The Antimicrobials Information Hotline provides answers to questions concerning current antimicrobial issues such as disinfectants, fungicides, others regulated by the pesticide law, rules and regulations. These cover interpretation laws, rules, and regulations; and registration and re-registration of antimicrobial chemicals and products. The Hotline also provide information on health and safety issues regarding registered antimicrobial products, product labels, and the proper and safe use of these antimicrobial products. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs): MSDSs contain information on chemicals or compounds including topics such as health effects, first aid, and protective equipment for people who work with or handle these chemicals. Check the Cornell University Department of Environmental Health and Safety website: msds.ehs.cornell.edu/msdssrch.asp for more information. Note that agencies differ on their recommendations for cleaning up mold. Many people recommend a solution of automatic dishwasher detergent and hot water. The use of a biocide such as chlorine bleach is generally not recommended as a routine practice during mold remediation, although there may be instances where professional judgment may indicate its use (for example, when immune-compromised individuals will be residing in the home or when the water in the home was classified as gray or black ). Note that some people may have a negative reaction to biocides. Also, some biocides may be effective against bacteria, yet not fungal spores. If used, read and follow label directions carefully.
30 28 Drying Out: Removal of Building Components 28 Once you ve cleaned and if necessary disinfected, then you need to dry out the area. (When cleaning, use as little liquid as possible to get the job done without adding to the problem. The more liquid added, the more time it will take to dry.) Keep in mind that sometimes these steps don't always follow in the same order. For instance, why clean a wall if you are going to remove it?
31 29 Drying Out: Appliances Water seeps into the electric motor, windings, electrical contacts Switches may corrode Flood waters soak insulation Consider cost of replacement vs. cost of new 29 If you include appliances in your work, there are several things to consider.
32 30 Drying Out: Removal of Building Components 30 What guidelines are you following to determine when to remove the paneling or flooring materials??
33 31 Drying Out: Removal of Building Components Drywall and plaster Insulation Wall coverings 31 Generally, remove 12" to 24" above obvious wet areas, due to wicking. What guidelines are you following to determine when to remove these components?
34 32 Drying Out Open the house Open closet and cabinet doors Use fans Run dehumidifiers Use desiccants 32
35 33 Drying Out: Removal of Building Components Remove and replace duct work? depending on degree of exposure to moisture and severity of damage 33 The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency s publication Should You Have the Air Ducts in Your Home Cleaned (www.epa.gov/iaq/pubs/airduct.html) is a good resource on this topic.
36 34 Drying Out: Crawl Space Allow air to circulate freely Remove standing water 34
37 35 Drying Out Dry all building materials, furnishings and HVAC system components so they don t support fungal growth. Failing to properly clean and dry a home after flooding does have health risks. 35
38 36 Possible Disease Agents in Floodwaters Food-borne and water-borne diarrhea Hepatitis A Parasites Leptospirosis 36
39 37 Think You re Finished? Be cautious. Even if you ve cleaned up all the visible water, there may still be a problem because moisture moves throughout a structure in more than one way. 37 Just because you can t see it, doesn t mean it s not there.
40 38 Understanding moisture movement Bulk moisture transport Capillary action Air transport Vapor diffusion 38 There are four primary ways that moisture can get into buildings. Each method must be controlled to preserve comfort, health, and building integrity.
41 39 Bulk Moisture Transport Flow of moisture through holes, cracks, or gaps 39 Bulk moisture transport is the flow of moisture primarily rain through holes, cracks, or gaps. Such openings can result from poor flashing the materials used, as well as the process of, making roof intersections, window openings, and other places on the outside of a structure watertight. Openings can also result from inadequate drainage, and poor quality weatherstripping or caulking around joints in the building exterior (such as windows and doors). This is the most important of the four modes of moisture migration because bulk moisture leaks represent pathways for liquid water to immediately move into building cavities; the other methods generally take longer to create a significant problem.
42 40 Bulk Moisture Transport Primary source is rain and ground water 40 Bulk moisture transport can occur due to poor flashing, inadequate drainage, poor quality weather stripping or caulking around building joints, a major water event such as a plumbing leak or a hole in the roof with rain pouring in, etc. It is solved through quality construction with durable materials.
43 41 Capillary Action Wicking of water through porous materials or between small cracks 41 Capillary action can be caused by water seeping between overlapping pieces of exterior siding; by water drawn upward through pores or cracks in concrete slabs; and by water migrating from crawl spaces into attics through foundation walls and wall framing. Solve the potential problem during construction by completely sealing pores or gaps, increasing the size of the gaps in some cases (usually to a minimum of one-eighth inch), or installing a waterproof, vapor barrier material (where appropriate in hot, humid climates) to form a capillary break. Note that vapor barriers (also called vapor retarders) are materials commonly used in construction in northern climates. Building specialists, along with the Florida Building Code, indicate no requirement for vapor barriers within walls or ceilings in Florida (only under the slab). Do not confuse vapor barriers with air barriers; not all air flow retarders are vapor barriers.
44 42 Vinyl Wallpaper/Vapor Barrier Hot air sinks into sealed wall cavity Notice seam Exterior wall Cold airconditioned surface Vinyl wallpaper on both sides 42 Oftentimes vapor barriers are inadvertently placed on walls in Florida. No flooding problem here. In this case, vinyl wallpaper was placed on both sides of an interior wall. Notice the seam (free of mold) in the area between sheets of previously installed vinyl wallpaper. No mold because the seam allowed the wall area to dry to the inside of the room. Hot air sinks into the sealed wall cavity in the presence of a cold, air-conditioned surface. Moisture, which forms behind the wallpaper due to the temperature difference, has no place to go since the vinyl wallpaper acts as a vapor barrier and doesn t allow the wall to dry. Imagine if there had been a water event and moisture had wicked up the wall as well.
45 43 Capillary Action Primary sources are rain or ground water 43
46 44 Air Transport or Movement Unsealed penetrations and joints between conditioned and unconditioned areas allow air containing water vapor to flow into enclosed areas. 44 The primary source is water vapor in the air. Air transport can bring 50 to 100 times more moisture into wall cavities than vapor diffusion (discussed in the next slide). Causes include moisture-laden air leaking through holes, cracks, and other leaks between interior air and enclosed wall cavities; interior air and attics; exterior air and interior air (adding humidity to interior air in summer); crawl spaces and interior air, etc. Solve the potential problem by creating an air barrier system.
47 45 Vapor Diffusion Water vapor in air moves through permeable materials. Tends to move from an area of higher concentration of water vapor to an area of lower concentration. 45 The primary source is water vapor in the air. Causes include exterior moisture moving into the building in the summer, interior moisture (showers, cooking, etc.) permeating wall and ceiling finish materials, and moist crawl space air migrating into the building. The amount of moisture diffused is usually relatively small unless driven by high vapor pressure and heat such as rain-saturated walls heated by the sun on a hot, humid day.
48 46 You ve Got Mold? 46
49 47 Why is there mold? Mold grows because of excess moisture 47
50 48 Conditions for Mold Growth Nutrients (Food) + Warmth + Moisture or Humidity + Spores = 48 Molds are fungi that occur in nature in large quantities. When conditions are right, they germinate and develop new colonies of mold. They feed on organic materials such as those in home construction or others found in home, such as soap residue, body oils, etc. As temperature rises, molds grow faster; ideal temperature range for mold growth is 40 to 100 degrees Fahrenheit. Humidity supplies the moisture for mold growth. Relative humidity (RH) is a measure of moisture in the air lower the RH and mold growth slows.
51 49 Mold Potential Health Effects Mold exposure can occur by: Inhalation Dermal Ingestion 49
52 50 Molds Can be found almost anywhere and can grow on virtually any damp substance Key to mold control is moisture control Clean up the mold and get rid of excess water or moisture Reducing moisture also helps reduce other allergy / asthma triggers, such as dust mites and cockroaches 50 Molds can be found almost anywhere; they can grow on virtually any substance when moisture is present. Molds produce tiny spores that reproduce, just as plants produce seeds. Mold spores waft through the indoor and outdoor air continually. When mold spores land on a damp spot, they may begin growing and digesting whatever they are growing on, in order to survive. Molds can grow on wood, paper, carpet, adhesive, soap scum, dirt, etc. When excessive moisture or water accumulates indoors, mold growth will often occur, particularly if the moisture problem remains undiscovered or unaddressed. There is no practical way to eliminate all mold and mold spores in the indoor environment. Keeping that in mind, it is possible to control indoor mold growth, and that is by controlling moisture. Remember that when tackling a mold problem, you need to both clean up the mold and correct any problems of excess moisture.
Mould A Basic Guide Summary Mould is a fact of life. Moulds will grow practically everywhere people live and work. Mould is recognized as an occupational hazard for indoor workers as well as outdoor workers
Mold Basics The key to mold control is moisture control. If mold is a problem in your home, you should clean up the mold promptly and fix the water problem. It is important to dry water-damaged areas and
1.0 Introduction DESERT RESEARCH INSTITUTE This Desert Research Institute (DRI) Mold Assessment and Remediation Procedure was established to assure that consistent and uniform information is provided to
City of Philadelphia Mold Remediation, Water Damage and Use of s This document provides direction for remediation of building materials in City facilities with potential, visible or laboratory verified
Guidelines for Mold Remediation (Removal) Indoor mold growth, water damage, or musty odors should be addressed quickly. Removing mold growth and correcting the underlying cause of water accumulation can
UNIVERSITY OF TOLEDO SUBJECT: MOLD PREVENTION AND REMEDIATION Procedure No: HM-08-035 PROCEDURE STATEMENT All indoor areas on campus are expected to present no immediate threat to the health and well-being
Mold and Mildew Mold and mildew can be detected by sight, smell and touch. Molds are usually black (not unlike the molds that grow in showers and between grout), green or tan in color, but can be in various
University of Vermont Department of Physical Plant Burlington, Vermont WATER INTRUSION GUIDELINES In accordance with: IIRC S500 IIRC S520 EPA Document 402-K-01-001 REVISED AND DISTRIBUTED BY: THE UNIVERSITY
Office of Environmental Health & Safety Got Mold? Frequently Asked Questions About Mold What are molds? With more than 100,000 species in the world, it is no wonder molds can be found everywhere. Neither
APPENDIX B. EPA s Investigating, Evaluating, and Remediating Moisture and Mold Problems (see EPA website for complete details) Table 1: Water Damage - Cleanup and Mold Prevention Table 1 presents strategies
Managing Water Infiltration into Buildings A Systematized Approach for Remediating Water Problems in Buildings due to Floods, Roof Leaks, Potable Water Leaks, Sewage Backup, Steam Leaks and Groundwater
Mold Guidelines for New Jersey Residents Understanding Mold Investigations & Remediation What Services Should I Ask For? What Are Important Inspection Procedures? Is Mold Sampling Helpful? What Information
Stachybotrys chartarum a mold that may be found in water-damaged homes November 2000 Environmental Health Investigations Branch California Department of Health Services Stachybotrys chartarum ecology Stachybotrys
1.0 Policy Statement The University of New Haven has developed a mold response and remediation plan in accordance with best practices set forth by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Occupational
MOLD RESPONSE AND REMEDIATION PLAN Prepared By: Triumvirate Environmental Developed: April 2011 Last Revised: March 2015 Program Approval Associate Vice President of Public Safety & Administrative Services
MOLD REMEDIATION KEY STEPS The EPA has developed the following guidelines for mold remediation managers. These guidelines are generally helpful, but we believe an expert in the industry should be consulted
Managing Water Infiltration Into Buildings A systemized approach for remediating water problems in buildings due to floods, roof leaks, potable water leaks, sewage backup, steam leaks and groundwater infiltration.
IUB Water Damage Restoration Guideline Purpose The IUB Water Damage Restoration guideline was developed to ensure that all water intrusions are handled in a professional manner which includes the latest
March 2007 Connecticut Department of Public Health Environmental Health Section Environmental & Occupational Health Assessment Program 410 Capitol Avenue MS # 11EOH, PO Box 340308 Hartford, CT 06134-0308
OFFICE OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND SAFETY 5255 Hampton Blvd. Spong Hall, suite 2501 Norfolk, Virginia 23529 Phone: (757) 683-4495 Fax: (757) 683-6025 Occupational Safety & Health Environmental Health Laboratory
Help Yourself to a Healthy Home Mold and Moisture SHOULD YOU BE CONCERNED? Mold produces spores, tiny specks you can t see and that float through the air. When you breathe in mold spores, they get into
Guidelines for Cleaning Staff on Managing Mould Growth in State Buildings Prepared by the State Claims Agency 2 Index 1. Background 2. What are moulds? 3. What are the possible health effects? 4. How do
NYU Safety Policy Manual Page 1 of 6 Subject: Mold Prevention, Assessment, and Remediation Program Policy No. 167 ISSUE DATE REPLACES ORIGINATOR APPLICATION NYU Washington Square Campus PURPOSE The purpose
West Virginia University Environmental Health and Safety STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR MOLD REMEDIATION Origination Date August 2013. Contents Purpose:... 2 Job Scope... 2 Definitions... 2 Roles/Responsibilities:...
CITY OF LOS ANGELES GUIDELINES FOR ASSESSMENT AND REMEDIATION OF MOLD The information contained within this manual has been compiled from the following reference sources: The Environmental Protection Agency
INDOOR MOLD AND HEALTH A Fungus Among Us This article addresses some of the most common questions and concerns about indoor mold, how it affects human health and ways in which you can prevent or remove
Questions and Answers on Stachybotrys chartarum and other molds Questions and Answers 1. I heard about "toxic molds" that grow in homes and other buildings. Should I be concerned about a serious health
THE STATE OF HAWAII DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH OFFERS THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION FOR FLOODING OF HOMES/BUILDINGS HOME OR BUILDING FLOODED!!?? TAKE THESE PRECAUTIONS BEFORE GETTTING BACK INTO YOUR HOME OR BUSINESS.
Army Facilities Management Information Document on Mold Remediation Issues TG 277 FEBRUARY 2002 NOTICE This publication is essential and current. An administrative review has been performed by the proponent
Policy: Mold Prevention, Assessment and Remediation Program Page 1 of 9 APPLICATION NYU Langone Medical Center (NYULMC) POLICY SUMMARY NYULMC is committed to protecting employees, patients, and visitors
United States Environmental Protection Agency A Brief Guide to Mold, Moisture, and Your Home Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) EPA 402-K-02-003 (Reprinted 09/2010) This Guide provides information and guidance for
WATER INFILTRATION INTO BUILDINGS: Part 1: Mold in Buildings General Information Part 2: Guidelines for Managing Water Infiltration into Buildings Roles & Responsibilities Part 3: Guidelines for Facilities
Mold In Your Home and at Work Forsyth County Office of Environmental Assistance and Protection What is mold? Mold is a term used to describe a type of fungus that can be found all year round both indoors
I. Rationale Sufficient scientific evidence exists to conclude that there is an association between the presence of mold or other agents found in damp indoor environments and various health symptoms. Health
MOLD REMEDIATION Kathleen Parrott, Ph.D. Professor of Housing, Virginia Tech Virginia Cooperative Extension has three publications to help you deal with mold in your home: Mold Basics: What is mold? How
Water Incursion Standard Operating Procedure Purpose: To provide a standardized procedure in the event of water incursion into any Penn State University facility. References: A Brief Guide to Mold, Moisture
Part 2: Drying Out Your Home Now you're ready to begin drying out your home and establishing your plan for rebuilding. The information contained in this section will help you to dry out and decontaminate
Indoor Mold and Health A Fungus Among Us The Florida Department of Health has developed this brochure to address some of the most common questions and concerns about indoor mold, how it affects human health,
WHEN IT RAINS, IT POURS WATER DAMAGE RESTORATION SUMMARY Damage to a facility from water can come in many forms. From a sprinkler malfunction to a hurricane, water damage can damage and destroy a building
Be prepared Being prepared before an emergency strikes will benefit you greatly in: Reducing your stress and protecting your health. Minimizing possible exposure to health hazards. Minimizing loss to personal
MOLD FAQs 1. What is mold and where does it live? Molds are microscopic fungi that are part of the natural environment. They can grow almost anywhere (inside and out), but live especially in the soil outside.
Joseph Laquatra Cornell University Animals get displaced during floods May enter homes If there is standing water in the home: Turn off power from a dry location if possible Don t turn power off or use
Healthy Homes is a program of the Southern New Jersey Perinatal Cooperative with funding by the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services snjpc.org 2012 Why Parents Should Worry 6 million children
Oakland Unified San Jose Unified Stanford University Santa Ana Unified Newhall Unified Clovis Unified Merced Union High School Grossmont Union High School District Industry Standards Damage Assessments
University of Nevada, Reno Facilities Services Department STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE Facilities Maintenance Services Indoor Flood Cleanup and Mold Prevention DATE: 6/24/15 REVISED: PURPOSE This University
w that Your Building Experienced Water Damage What Must You and Your Water Damage Restoration Contractor Agree On? By Completing a Building and Occupant Survey Hopefully Your Questions will be Answered
Introduction This information has been developed by Saskatchewan Health and the Occupational Health and Safety Division of Saskatchewan Labour and is intended to apply to private residences, public buildings
ASBESTOS SCIENCE TECHNOLOGIES, INC. P.O. Box 505 Bangor, CA 95914 Phone (530) 518-0934 Email - firstname.lastname@example.org Report for Lincoln Elementary School 1582 Lincoln Road Yuba City, Ca. 95993 Mold Report
Mold Indoor Air Quality Mold Facts Recently, concern about indoor exposure to mold has increased along with public awareness that exposure to mold can cause a variety of adverse health effects. While mold
Building and Grounds Maintenance Checklist Name: School: Room or Area: Date Completed: Signature: Instructions 1. Read the IAQ Backgrounder and the Background Information for this checklist. 2. Keep the
Restoring your Property: How to be prepared for Rapid Response to Flood Damage After a flood, the restoration process can be long and complex, particularly for large commercial properties. Failure to apply
BUREAU OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH Emergency Response/Indoor Air Quality Program Use of Moisture Measuring Devices in Evaluating Water Damage in Buildings July 2007 The evaluation of mold colonization of building
Responding to Building Water Damage When water damage occurs in a building an immediate response saves time and money, and protects health. Delays or incomplete responses increase both the scope and severity
www.epa.gov/mold/mold_remediation.html Compiled by SUNY Office for Capital Facilities, May 2014 Page 1 Compiled by SUNY Office for Capital Facilities, May 2014 Page 2 Compiled by SUNY Office for Capital
Page: 1 of 5 1.0 PROGRAM OBJECTIVE The purpose of this procedure is to define the responsibilities, methods, procedures and training required to safely and effectively remove or clean mold-contaminated
LOSS CONTROL REFERENCE NOTE : from Liberty Mutual Insurance Procedures for Gray or Black Water Remediation from Flooding Contamination in Buildings HIGHLIGHTS: Gray water or black water from flooding may
WATER DAMAGE/MOLD INVESTIGATION Massachusetts Department of Developmental Services 68 North Main Street Carver, Massachusetts Prepared by: Massachusetts Department of Public Health Bureau of Environmental
Flood Response and Mold Prevention Program Prepared by the Berea College Department of Environmental Health and Safety Revised May 2010 Contents I. Introduction II. III. IV. Flood and Mold Hazards Roles
WATER DAMAGE, MOLD* GROWTH AND IAQ *Mold and Mildew are fungi What conditions may pose a problem & why What to do My name is: Jacquelyn Brown Environmental Protection Program Specialist (Health & Safety
FACT SHEET Posted October 18 2005 Check List for Infection Control Concerns when Reopening Healthcare Facilities Closed due to Extensive Water and Wind Damage Prior to opening a healthcare facility that
Mold in My Home: What Do I Do? This packet is meant to provide basic information to people who have experienced water damage to their home and resulting mold concerns. It describes health concerns related
A Guideline for Cleaning Up After Flood or Sewer Back-up Revised 2010-03 INDEX PAGE Index 2 Personal Protection 3 Procedure for Cleaning Up 3 Safety 4 Initial Clean-up 5 Clean-up and Disinfection 5 Disinfectants
Mold & Mildew Cleaning Up Your Flood-Damaged Home FEMA 606/July 2007 The Problem With Mold Mildew and molds are fungi - simple microscopic organisms that thrive anywhere there is a moist environment. Molds
CEILING SYSTEMS Mold is receiving more attention within the construction industry than ever before. One reason is that it is becoming an increasingly visible subject in the media. Another is an increased
1.0 Purpose & Scope The purpose of this procedure is to provide a standardized approach to handle the unwanted entry of water, known as water incursions or intrusions into an indoor environment. This procedure
Lorman Educational Services Mold Remediation Practices Presented by: A. James Partridge, PE James Partridge Consulting, LLC 925 South Adams Road Birmingham MI 48009-7039 248.645.1465 voice 248.645.1590
Sewage Back-Ups: Information for Residents Background: Severe rainstorms, floods, and even spring thaws can put a strain on sanitary sewers and septic systems. Large volumes of storm water and ground water
Mold and Indoor Air Quality in Schools University of Nebraska Lincoln Extension Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) Air quality can be affected by many compounds and organisms Molds and other indoor air pollutants
MOISTURE MANAGEMENT DURING THE CONSTRUCTION PROCESS Ed Light 1,*, James Bailey 1, and Roger Gay 1 1 Building Dynamics, LLC, Ashton, MD (USA) *Corresponding email: ELight@building-dynamics.com Published
Procedures for Emergency Responses to Flooding and Building Water Intrusion PURPOSE: To establish uniform, sanitary, and systematic procedures for responding to flooding and water intrusion emergencies.
Mold In Your Home and at Work Forsyth County Office of Environmental Assistance and Protection What is mold? Mold is a term used to describe a type of fungus that can be found all year round both indoors
Take Action on Asthma Environmental triggers of asthma and allergies What are asthma and allergies? They are both conditions where the body reacts to substances commonly found in the air. Asthma is a very
Division of Professions Mold Related Services 1940 North Monroe Street Tallahassee, Florida 32399-2214 Phone: 850.717.1984 Fax: 850.922.2918 Ken Lawson, Secretary Rick Scott, Governor MOLD RELATED SERVICES
PROPERTY INSPECTION OR ASSESSMENT OF DAMAGES ADDRESS: Somewhere, FL CLIENT: GAIA GC ID No: 2015000 DATE: 12/31/2015 INSPECTION OR ASSESSMENT BY: GAIA CONSTRUCTION INC. CGC 1516136 FLORIDA HI-2792 FLORIDA
Top Q A DIVISION OF TOP QUALITY INSPECTIONS INC. Fungal Assessment Smith Recreation Community Centre 1019 Hwy 2A, Smith, Alberta 2012 P. O. B o x 8 3 0 2 4, E d m o n t o n, A B T 5 T 6 S 1 P h o n e :