1 ABOUT CARL R. EDWARDS, ESQ. Carl R. Edwards is a partner of the law firm of Edwards & Jennings, P.C. He obtained his Bachelors Degree in Business Administration and Accounting from Michigan Lutheran College in Thereafter, he performed graduate work at the University of Detroit and obtained his graduate degree in Urban Economics in He attended Wayne State University Law School, and obtained his law degree in After leaving law school, he served his legal apprenticeship with famed attorneys Harry M. Philo and Kenneth V. Cockrel, Sr., at the law firm of Philo, Maki, Robb, Cockrel and Cooper. In 1982, he and Alice Jennings, established Edwards & Jennings, P.C. Throughout his thirty-eight (38) years in the practice of law, Mr. Edwards has represented a diverse clientele, including executives, professionals, attorneys, physicians, judges and such luminaries as Mrs. Rosa Parks, the mother of the modern civil rights movement, and entertainer, Ms. Anita Baker. Mr. Edwards is past President, Michigan Trial Lawyers Association (MTLA) During his tenure as President, the Michigan Trial Lawyers Association established the annual James A. Tuck Memorial Protect Your Rights Conference, on behalf of consumers, workers and injured victims and their organizations. He is a co-founder of the Michigan Trial Lawyers Association s PEOPLES LAW SCHOOL, which not only operates across the entire State of Michigan, but also has been established by the Association of Trial Lawyers of America and is currently operating in over 15 states nationwide. He is the recipient of the Presidential Citation awarded by the National Association for Equal Opportunity in Higher Education. Mr. Edwards is a Gordy Scholar, He is a former official of the National Conference of Black Lawyers, Michigan Chapter. In 1988, he was selected as a member of a delegation of attorneys and judges from the United States who traveled to the Soviet Union and Peoples Republic of China to educate these governments, their law professors, scholars and citizens concerning the United States Constitution and Bill of Rights. Read More Philosophically, Mr. Edwards believes that law should be used to advance the cause of social justice and to advance humanity. In this regard, he served as lead counsel in the landmark case to save the City of Detroit s, Detroit General
2 Hospital, the only municipally owned hospital in the city which served medically uninsured City of Detroit citizens, and he was a leader of the coalition of representatives from labor, elected officials, religious leaders and community activist who formed the Coalition to Save Detroit General Hospital. Thereafter, he was asked by African American Detroit Waterfront workers to help organize and later represent the historic Brotherhood of Waterfront Workers organization in contract negotiations to establish a labor union on the Detroit waterfront. After relentless negotiations and social action, the workers won a contract from the international commercial shipping industry. Mr. Edwards has been in the forefront fighting police brutality. In the 1970 s, he was a member of the legal team headed by Attorney Kenneth V. Cockrel, Sr., in the groundbreaking case of People of the State of Michigan v. Madeline Fletcher and was a leader in the community organization of the same name, Committee to Free Madeline Fletcher, in Flint, Michigan. Also, Mr. Edwards served as co-lead counsel and community organizer in several police brutality and political prisoners of conscience cases in Detroit, Michigan. Additionally, he served as lead counsel in the 1980 s in Battle Creek, Michigan on behalf of the Coalition to Free Larry Guy. Similarly, he was legal counsel in Ann Arbor, Michigan for the Committee to Free Ricky Bullock. Equally significant, in the late 1970 s, he was called to give leadership in the crisis in Affirmative Action in the United States. Along with Alice B. Jennings, they became co-coordinators of the Michigan Coalition to Overturn the Bakke Decision, a broad based organization composed of elected officials, labor organizations, churches, religious organizations, priest and ministers and community activist, gay lesbian organizations and women rights organizations. Out of the several dozen state organizations, the National Coalition to Overturn the Bakke Decision, which was comprised of similar organizations and individuals, was born. The movement coalesced in a historic march on Washington. Nearly 100,000 citizens marched in support of Affirmative Action in the nation s capital, Washington D.C., in May When the business community in southeastern Michigan came together to challenge the City of Detroit s Human Rights Ordinance, Mr. Edwards was again requested by the Detroit City Council, NAACP, UAW and other organizations to lead the legal team and give political leadership to the Coalition to Save the Detroit Human Rights Ordinance, which among other things, forced employers doing business with the City, to hire African American Detroit citizens, Hispanic Detroit citizens, and other ethnic Detroit citizens, women and citizens with alternative sexual orientation. Mr. Edwards and law partner Alice Jennings were awarded the Spirit of Detroit award and a Testimonial Resolution by the Detroit City Council for their successful pro bono defense of the City of Detroit Human Rights Ordinance.
3 In the early 1980 s when the Mayor of the City of Detroit attempted to privatize city services, threatening the loss of thousands of jobs for City of Detroit workers, their families and residents, Mr. Edwards and Ms. Jennings were again requested by elected officials, officials from labor organizations, religious leaders and community activists to give leadership to the movement that resulted in the creation of the Coalition to Stop Privatization and Save Our City. This movement led to the creation of a new City of Detroit Charter, which specifically prohibited privatization of City of Detroit government services. In the mid 1980 s through the 1990 s when epidemic levels of youth violence exploded in Detroit, resulting in kids killing kids, and babies killing babies, Mr. Edwards joined Ms. Jennings in providing leadership and financial support to the grieving mothers who formed Save Our Sons and Daughters (SOSAD) with Clementine Barfield. Out of this movement Alice B. Jennings birthed the companion organization Arms Around the Children. Mr. Edwards and Mrs. Jennings partnered with world renowned sculpturer Oliver LaGrone to create a sculpture Garden as symbolic protection of the children. Among his many legal achievements include the landmark case of Steward v. City of Detroit, et al., (establishing 42 USC 1983 liability against the City of Detroit for gross negligence in the failure to properly train City of Detroit police officers); Fletcher v. Hafagee (Liability of a physician for medical negligence, although both Plaintiff and Defendant were technically coemployees, employed by the City of Flint, thus avoiding the exclusive remedy bar of the Workers Compensation Act; J. F. Cavanaugh, et al. v. City of Detroit, Association of Minority Contractors and Local 334 building trades, as interveners, where the Michigan Court of Appeals upheld the inherent right of the City of Detroit under its police power to provide equal opportunity in employment and the award of City of Detroit construction contracts in the construction industry to women and minorities; Reed v. Michigan Metro Girl Scout Council, Michigan Court of Appeals ruled that the Michigan Elliott-Larsen Civil Rights Act included within its terms a cause of action against the executive director of the Michigan Metro Girl Scout Council for racial discrimination in the sale of one of Defendant s Girl Scout Camps even though the executive director was not a licensed real estate seller or broker; Galbert v.general Motors Corporation, establishing that the Michigan Elliott-Larsen Civil Rights Act does provide a cause of action against an employer for retaliatory discharge of an employee who used General Motors open door policy to complain about employment discrimination; Burkhardt v. Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan, (Michigan Court of Appeals ruled a white employee who objected to racial discrimination and was demoted but who was not directly discriminated against, stands in the shoes of African American employees and has standing under Michigan Elliott-Larsen Civil Rights Act to challenge her demotion; Lauren Hall Tate, Personal Representative of Robert Hall, Sr. v. Detroit Receiving Hospital, Michigan Court of Appeals interpreted the new Michigan medical malpractice statute, which required Plaintiff s expert witness qualifications to be
4 identical to that of Defendant physician, to only require Plaintiff s expert witness be qualified in the same area as Defendant physician at the time the negligence occurred. In so doing, the Court of Appeals rejected the narrow interpretation urged by Defendant Detroit Receiving Hospital, which asked the Court to rule that Plaintiff s expert must possess the same identical certifications as Defendant s expert in all respects; Sandra Johnson and Hiram Jones v The Detroit Edison Company (June 16, 2010). Plaintiffs, employed as power plant operators, suffered severe burn injuries when hot ash exploded out of one of the boilers while they were emptying bottom ash from the boiler. Plaintiffs alleged that the employer was liable for damages under the intentional tort exception to the Worker s Disability Compensation Act s (WDCA) exclusive remedy provision, MCL (1). Under the second sentence of MCL (1), the plaintiff can satisfy the specific intent requirement of an intentional tort claim if the plaintiff can show that the employer had actual knowledge that an injury is certain to occur yet willfully disregards such knowledge. In a per curiam opinion in Johnson v. Detroit Edison Co., No , published on June 15, 2010, the Court of Appeals ruled that plaintiffs proffered sufficient circumstantial evidence in support of their intentional tort claim to survive summary disposition. The Court of Appeals held that a jury may conclude that an employer knew the injury was certain to occur where a plaintiff can show that (1) the employer subjects the employee to a continuously operative dangerous condition that it knows will cause an injury; (2) the employer knows that its employees are taking insufficient precautions to protect themselves against the danger; and (3) the employer takes no action to remedy the situation. This was the second case in the State of Michigan since 1996, 14 years, where an employee/worker who was injured on the job was successful in pursuing a civil claim for damages in addition to workers disability compensation against their employer. Of equal significance in the 1990 s, Mr. Edwards and Ms. Jennings were lead counsel and organizers in the Campaign for Corporate Justice at Detroit Edison Company, a statewide gas and electric utility in Michigan, on behalf of Detroit Edison employees. Working with the National Organization of Women (NOW) and its President, Patricia Ireland, the Rainbow/Push Coalition and its President, Jesse Jackson Sr., famed actors and playwrights Ozzie Davis and Ruby Dee, internationally renowned activist James and Dr. Grace Lee Boggs, the Council of Baptist Pastors of Southeastern Michigan, the Catholic Pastoral Alliance, civil and human rights icon Mrs. Rosa Parks and a broad based coalition of officials from organized labor, elected public officials and community activist, Detroit Edison was forced to implement structural changes company wide in its employment policies, procedures and practices to arrest employment discrimination. In a seminal class action lawsuit, Gilford v. Detroit Edison Company, the Plaintiffs won a verdict in the amount of $45 million dollars against Detroit Edison.
5 In the 21 st Century, Mr. Edwards and law partner Alice Jennings, continued their legal and social justice advocacy. They partnered with famed Florida attorney Willie Gary and represented managers and executives at Ford Motor Company who still faced a culture of discrimination. Also, in the 21 st Century, Mr. Edwards and Ms. Jennings partnered with the Atlanta, Georgia law firm of Doffermyre Shields Canfield Knowles & Devine, LLC to represent over one thousand (1,000) residents of the Krainz Woods neighborhood in the City of Detroit who were exposed to lead pollution over a period of thirty (30) years by a lead smelter that burned lead car batteries. This case led to a historic settlement on behalf of the Krainz Woods residents in 2010 and 2011 against National Lead (NL) Industries, Honeywell Inc., and other corporate polluters.
6 Equally important, in 2008, Mr. Edwards was retained y the Detroit City Council as an expert witness in the Detroit City Council s hearings to remove then City of Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick as Mayor of the City of Detroit, after Mayor Kilpatrick was criminally charged with several felonies by Wayne County Prosecutor Kim Worthy. A plea agreement was subsequently reached and the Mayor resigned. Mr. Edwards areas of legal specialty includes environmental law, class action litigation, personal and work place injury, automobile and bus injuries, construction injuries, medical malpractice, police brutality, product defect liability, wrongful death, civil rights, public interest and constitutional law. He is a sought after lecturer both throughout the State of Michigan and nationally. Mr. Edwards biography appears in Marquis Who s Who in the World and in Who s Who Among Black Americans. SUGGESTED READINGS and LINKS Reparations Yes!: The Legal and Political Reasons Why New Afrikaans, Black People in the United States, Should Be Paid Now for the Enslavement of Our
Roy L. Austin, Jr. Deputy Assistant to the President for the Office of Urban Affairs, Justice and Opportunity White House In March 2014, Roy L. Austin, Jr. joined the White House Domestic Policy Council
Wilenchik & Bartness leaders in civil litigation also inside A Special advertising supplement distributed with the arizona republic and the wall street journal Arizona LAW 2014 Page 10 Constructing Commercial
PERSONAL INJURY ACTIONS: STATE AND COUNTY DEFENDANTS I.THE GEORGIA TORT CLAIMS ACT II. Introduction The Tort Claims Act was passed in the 1992 Session of the General Assembly. The Act provides a remedy
The Collateral Consequences of Arrests and Convictions under D.C., Maryland, and Virginia Law October 22, 2014 A report of the Washington Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights & Urban Affairs 11 Dupont Circle
Guide to Legal Practice Areas Categories Definitions William Mitchell College of Law 2008 Legal Practice Areas This guide briefly and generally describes some of the most common practice areas in the traditional
Fall 2005 One of the more dynamic changes to hit the workers compensation scene has been the Medicare Set-Aside (MSA). The MSA has introduced an entirely new component to claims handling and settlement.
[ KIRKLAND & ELLIS LLP] 2009 Pro Bono Achievements Using our legal skills to improve lives, communities, and our profession Attorney Advertising [ omas Gottschalk] Kirkland attorneys make a meaningful,
Victoria Benson has been involved in a wide variety of litigation matters since her admission to the bar, including civil rights defense, toxic tort defense, construction, product liability, employment
For the public good 2011 2012 pro bono Review PRO BONO COMMITTEE Jacob Bernstein, Northern Virginia Jonathan Bockman, Northern Virginia Hillel Cohn, Los Angeles Peter Dopsch, New York Tara Dunn, Denver
CITY OF MIAMI OFFICE OF THE CITY ATTORNEY EXECUTIVE SUMMARY JULY 1, 2011 - JUNE 30, 2012 Julie O. Bru, City Attorney Message from the City Attorney September 17, 2012 This is the fourth annual report that
Office of the San Diego City Attorney Annual Report 2010 C The Office of the San Diego City Attorney is among the region's largest law firms, handling a diverse case load. The City Attorney's Office advises
Pro Bono Annual Report 2008 Helping those in our community who need it most. Photos throughout the pro bono annual report are stock images unless otherwise noted. Pro Bono Annual Report 2008 TABLE OF CONTENTS
NORMAN, HANSON & DETROY, LLC Current developments in Maine law Winter 2007 Vol. 20, No. 1 Law Court expands Automobile Liability for employers BY JONATHAN W. BROGAN In James Spencer, et al. v. VIP, Inc.,
Holden & Carr is a progressive litigation firm comprised of experienced members with diverse backgrounds. As aggressive trial lawyers, our first step is litigation resolution but when reasonable resolution
LEGAL UPDATE January 2007 GOODMAN MCGUFFEY LINDSEY & JOHNSON, LLP www.gmlj.com Atlanta Office: Orlando Office: 2100 Tower Place Suite 200 3340 Peachtree Rd., NE 1245 West Fairbanks Ave. Atlanta, GA 30326-1084
DISTINGUISHED BRIEF The Distinguished Brief Award is given in recognition of the most scholarly briefs filed before the Michigan Supreme Court, as determined by a panel of eminent jurists. Three briefs
RETALIATION INTRODUCTION In order to minimize exposure to damages for retaliation claim litigation, employers need to: Know what constitutes a protected activity. Exercise caution with employees who engage
9 Retaliatory Discharge and Whistleblowers Joel S. Barras John A. DiNome 9-1 WHISTLEBLOWER PROTECTIONS Chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, Senator Patrick Leahy, inserted text into the legislative
GOVERNMENTAL IMMUNITY: HISTORICAL OBSERVATIONS AND RECENT DEVELOPMENTS Written by: KRISTOFER S. MONSON Assistant Solicitor General, Austin DON CRUSE Law Office of Don Cruse, Austin Presented by: RYAN D.
PRESENTs V i r g i n i a S TOP RATEDLAWYERS 2 0 1 2 E d i t i o n THE DEFinitiVE GUIDE TO LEgaL REPRESEntation IN Virginia virginia law 2012 This year s most notable legal issues revealed A Special advertising
LEGAL LEADERS presents Philadelphia s top rated lawyers of 2013 i n s i d e A Special advertising supplement distributed with the philadelphia inquirer, the legal intelligencer and the wall street journal
LEGAL LEADERS presents New Mexico s top rated lawyers of 2013 Will Ferguson & Associates personal injury leaders Page 3 also inside New Mexico LAW 2013 Page 5 some medical devices can hurt more than help
THE AWARDS ISSUE STATE BAR OF ARIZONA, APAAC AND OTHERS see page 5 fall 2013 contents page 1 Message from the Chair page 2 Attorney Profile: Barbara LaWall page 5 Awards, Appointments, Promotions, Scholarships
This booklet was published with the generous support of Jerome F. O Neill O Neill Kellner & Green, PC Burlington, Vermont For referrals to an attorney or more information, please call the National Crime
IAFF EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES EMS and the Law Monograph 3 International Association of Fire Fighters Emergency Medical Services EMS and The Law Monograph 3 Department of Emergency Medical Services International
Securing Equal Justice for All: A Brief History of Civil Legal Assistance in the United States BY ALAN W. HOUSEMAN LINDA E. PERLE Revised January 2007 CENTER FOR LAW AND SOCIAL POLICY Securing Equal Justice