ACTION AND PEOPLE PHOTOGRAPHY

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "ACTION AND PEOPLE PHOTOGRAPHY"

Transcription

1 ACTION AND PEOPLE PHOTOGRAPHY These notes are written to complement the material presented in the Nikon School of Photography Action and People Photography class. Helpful websites: Nikon USA Nikon Learn and Explore Videos explaining the features of Nikon cameras Manuals for Nikon products Learning to shoot action is one of the most important skills any photographer can acquire. Successfully capturing action means being able to anticipate moments, and knowing how to control the camera to catch those moments, in focus, without blur and with a good exposure. Not surprisingly, most good people photographers are good action photographers. And by people photographers we don't mean portraitists. We mean photographers who catch moments, because that means anticipation and being prepared. Goals for the Day In this class our goal is to improve our action and people photography skills. Becoming a better action photographer will also make you a better people photographer. The best people pictures are about moments, and capturing them involves timing. People photography and action also both involve exposure, for stopping action and controlling background. Our class will cover these two primary topics, and be broken down into two sections: 1 How to Shoot Action 2 Photographing People 1

2 Section 1 How to Shoot Action Light While light is essential for any type of photography, it s even more important when shooting action. That s because high shutter speeds are necessary if you want to stop action, and the single most important factor in getting those speeds is quantity of light. Exposure High shutter speeds allow us to freeze action, and that s what makes photography of this type so interesting. Being able to freeze a moment in time and study it as long as you like is one of the unique aspects of photography. There are three variables at work in exposure: ISO, aperture and shutter speed. ISO controls the sensitivity of the camera to light, and aperture and shutter speed are the two controls that can be changed to let in the correct amount of light. Since raising ISO affects quality (lower ISOs result in less noise and better color), we generally try to keep it low. By opening or closing the aperture we control not just the amount of light it passes, but also how much or little depth of field results. And the general rule on shutter speed is to keep it high enough to avoid blur, unless we re trying for creative blur. When shooting action, however, ISO and aperture take a backseat to shutter speed. Most of the time stopping action is the priority, so you set a goal of a high enough shutter speed and get that by changing ISO and aperture, even if the image quality will suffer slightly. Since ISO is now supporting shutter speed, rather than the opposite, there s a special feature you can use to help that. All of Nikon s current DSLRs have a setting in the Shooting Menu under ISO sensitivity settings called Auto ISO. Auto ISO lets you choose an ISO range to stay within and the shutter speed you don t want the camera to go below. (Auto ISO works best in exposure modes P Program and A Aperture priority). If you re in this class, you re probably going to use an exposure mode other than Auto and that means Manual, Aperture Priority, Shutter Priority or Program. Manual means just that, where you re responsible for setting both shutter speed and aperture. Most people are probably better served in one of the three automatic exposure modes. Aperture Priority, Shutter Priority and Program modes all do the same thing try to help you get a proper exposure by automatically changing one or both of the other exposure variables. It would seem to make sense, then, that Shutter Priority would be the best choice when shooting action. And it can be, if there s plenty of light. 2

3 Remember that in Shutter Priority and Aperture Priority, you set the shutter speed or aperture you would like to be using and the camera then chooses the best aperture or shutter speed (respectively) to achieve a proper exposure. But what if the camera is unable to make that match? Let s say you re using Shutter Priority because you re shooting action, and set the camera at 1/1000. The camera now has to try to find an aperture that results in the correct amount of light for a good exposure at the set ISO. Which means it s limited by the aperture range of the lens. If there s not much light, it will open the lens to its widest aperture, but what if that still isn t enough light? The result will be an underexposed (dark) picture, because the maximum aperture of the lens isn t wide enough to let the right amount of light in. One solution to this would be to use a faster (wider aperture) lens. One reason fast aperture lenses are preferred by action photographers is because they can let in more light, resulting in faster shutter speeds. Aside from changing lenses, another solution would be to increase the sensitivity of your camera by raising the ISO. At a chosen shutter speed, raising the ISO one stop will reduce the amount of underexposure by one stop, thus getting you closer to a good exposure. Raising your ISO to control exposure is a delicate dance and should be done as a last resort. First, make sure your shutter speed is set just above what is needed to stop the subject s motion, and not excessively high. (As mentioned earlier choosing a very high ISO may result in noise in the final image similar to film grain.) Aperture Priority is another automatic exposure mode, where you choose the aperture and the camera chooses a shutter speed. Aperture Priority can be a great exposure mode when shooting action. The difference is the range of exposure the camera can choose from. Instead of being limited to 5-7 stops of aperture, it has stops of shutter speed (30- seconds to 1/4000 or 1/8000). If you want a fast shutter speed, choose a wide aperture. If it still isn t fast enough, then raise the ISO. 3

4 Autofocus Today s Nikon autofocus systems have made getting in-focus pictures much easier. But not all autofocus systems are the same, and there are some things you can do to make them perform better. Light is a key factor not just in exposure, but in autofocus too. The more (brighter) light, the better the autofocus will perform. That s another advantage to fast lenses. Since they can let in more light than a slower lens, they ll help the camera focus faster. In addition to light, autofocus systems need contrast and detail. For example, if you point the camera at a featureless blue sky, it will likely hunt for focus. In situations where there s a lack of detail or light (during night photography, for instance), turning off the autofocus and manually focusing can be the best solution. Autofocus Modes This setting determines how the camera s autofocus works. This is how that breaks down: AF-S called Single-servo, the AF system will find focus when you activate it (usually by pressing down half-way on the shutter button), and once it does, lock that focus at that distance as long as you maintain pressure on the shutter button. Once you push down all the way to take the picture, or release pressure, the AF is released. AF-C This is Continuous-servo autofocus, and the one most people shooting any kind of action will use. The camera starts focusing the same as above, but never locks. To keep your subject in focus it is very important that you keep the active AF point on the subject. This means panning with your subject if they move through the frame. Because the AF never locks it will remain very responsive and continue to focus on whatever is in the active AF bracket. AF-A This is what the camera uses in full Auto, or what we might call point-and-shoot mode. Based on the situation the camera chooses between AF-S and AF-C for you. 4

5 AF-Area Modes These modes determine where the camera focuses, which sensor(s) it uses to control autofocus. Single The camera uses one point and only one point. Wherever that point is, that s where the camera will try to maintain focus. Dynamic-area This is a great choice for moving subjects and only available when the camera is set for AF-C. You can choose how many surrounding points will help in maintaining focus. With Dynamic, you can usually choose to use 9-points, 21, 39 or 51, or some combination of those, depending on your camera. Also, the latest high-end cameras offer a Group option, which uses five points. Auto-area Once referred to as closest subject, this is again what the camera would be using in point-and-shoot mode, where it chooses where to focus without your input, using the array of sensors available to it. As with exposure, a photographer s goal should be control over the autofocus system. That control entails not only how to set it up, but when it operates. Most Nikon cameras have a button on the back of the body, labeled AE-L/AF-L. That stands for Auto Exposure- Lock and Autofocus-Lock. When pressed in and held, the focus and exposure are locked at their current settings. This lets you put the focus wherever you want it in the frame and keep it there. Some photographers prefer to shoot action using back button focus, thus changing the behavior of the camera so it no longer focuses when the shutter button is pressed. Instead, it will focus when either that AE-L/AF-L button is pressed, or on some cameras, when the AF-ON button on the backside of the camera body is pressed. This allows you to focus on and track your subject continuously when the AE-L/AF-L or AF-ON button is pressed. The shutter can be triggered during peak action without having to reacquire autofocus. (To activate this back button feature and remove autofocus from the shutter button, the AF activation must be set to AF-ON only in the Custom Setting Menu.) 5

6 Timing While some of today s Nikon cameras can shoot up to ten frames per second or faster, timing is still a very important part of photography. Relying on a fast frame rate to capture the decisive moment sometimes works, but not always. That s why anticipation is so important. Expecting the action, that moment, and trying to time your shooting to capture it. Firmware/Cards Shooting bursts of images is sometimes necessary to catch the right moment, and all cameras have what s called a buffer of internal memory to allow them to shoot and record at their fastest rate. However, that buffer s always limited. Not surprisingly, more expensive cameras have larger buffers and faster writing abilities, allowing them to shoot longer continuous bursts before having to write those images to the card. But all cameras have to write to the card at some point, and that s where high-speed, quality cards play a role. If the buffer fills during the burst, before being able to write data to the card, the camera will either stop shooting or slow down until there s room for more images. The speed rating on a card (usually in MB/s, like SanDisk uses, though a few companies use X as a rating) shows how fast it can take that data. Faster cards will usually allow longer bursts, and tend to be more expensive (memory that can record faster costs more money). Firmware is the software that controls the camera. Sometimes there are firmware updates for cameras that can, among other things, allow higher capacity cards to be used in that camera. It s a good idea to occasionally check to see if you have current firmware, and read what an update addresses. You can see what the current firmware for your camera is by looking in the Setup Menu, Firmware version. Then go to and select the Nikon Service and Support tab and click on the Update your camera s firmware link. If there s a newer version available it will tell you what that firmware update addresses, and if you decide you want it, follow the directions to download and install. 6

7 Section 2 People Photography There are a few key things you can do to make better people pictures. Surprisingly, they have more to do with light and background than the people themselves. Light Light has many different qualities such as strength, color and direction. The one that s often most important when photographing people, is whether the light is hard or soft. Direct sunlight is considered hard light and so is direct flash, which would make you think the size of the light source isn t important, and you re right, to a point. It s the size relative to the subject that s important, and any light source that is small in relation to the subject is therefore a hard light, because it creates hard shadows and contrast. Hard light is dramatic and has a feeling of power. It also means contrast and along with that, saturated colors. There are times that all of those things will be what you want when photographing people. But due to the strong shadows and contrast that it creates, hard light can be unflattering. If that s the case, you want to find a location that offers you soft light, or change the quality of the light yourself. Soft light is created by a large light source. And just like hard lights, that size is relative, depending on the distance to the subject. Which means that an overcast day produces soft light, as does being in the shade, or using tools like reflectors or diffusers. 7

8 Controlling Light Moving your subject from full sun into open shade, or positioning them differently to the light source is one way to control the light. Modifying light means you re taking some control over the light source and how it illuminates your subject. In some cases that will mean adding light and a reflector is a simple and inexpensive way to do that. Reflectors simply bounce light from one place to another. Diffusers are another way to modify light, but in a different way. They re placed between the light source and the subject, essentially creating overcast lighting (a large light source) where none existed. If there isn t enough natural light, or you can t modify it the way you want, you can always try adding light with other tools. The less light there is to begin with, the less light you need to make a difference. A flashlight can be enough light in some situations, to either fill in the area or add emphasis. If you need power (intensity), though, a flash, sometimes called a Speedlight, is a great solution. Direct flash, of course, is a hard light source because of its small size. That means it will create contrast and shadows, which as we already discussed, can be the wrong look for people photography. The simplest way to change that is to make it a larger light source, by bouncing it off something. That s called fill flash. There are other ways to turn that small flash into a larger light source. You can shoot it through a diffuser, bounce it out of an umbrella, through an umbrella, or put it in a softbox. Once you realize the difference between hard and soft light, you ll be able to use that knowledge to make better people pictures. 8

9 Backgrounds As we ve shown, light is one part of the process we can start taking more control over. The other is background. When choosing a background, the decision usually comes down to one of two options: either a background that s clean (not distracting in any way) or that adds information (location, event) to the picture. And there are times when the background actually IS the picture, with the subject playing a minor role. Lens Choice Lens choice, of course, also plays a big role in background. First, the aperture can be used as a control for how much of the background is in focus. But aperture isn t the only factor in depth of field. Telephoto lenses offer shallower depth of field than shorter lenses. So combining a longer lens with a wide aperture is one way to create an image with shallow depth of field, especially when you re close to the subject. Of course, the opposite of shallow depth of field is great depth of field, where you actually want as much detail in the image as possible. So backing away from the subject and using small apertures (f/8, f/11, etc.) will give you a great amount of depth of field, to hold as much detail as possible. Quality Concerns Maintaining high quality should always be a priority. If a proper exposure and white balance are used, JPEG is a good format with a lot of information and capable of very high quality. Having said that, RAW (NEF for Nikon Electronic Format in Nikon cameras) offers more flexibility in editing, as well as an uncompressed format with more data. While it s not imperative that everyone shoot RAW (NEF) format, it s worth experimenting with, and there are times it can make a real difference. When photographing people, making sure skin color is correct, or at least pleasing, is important. Color is controlled by white balance, so understanding the white balance controls is key to good color. Auto white balance has gotten very good in the last 10 years, and if you re happy with its results, great. But there will likely be times, particularly under artificial lighting, where 9

10 you might be able to get better color by using something other than Auto. The first step then would be to set the white balance control in the camera to the light you re working in. There s also the ability to change, or shift the color, afterwards in editing software. If shooting in RAW (NEF), then there s no trouble or loss of quality doing that. If in JPEG, there will be limits. Approaching color with the goal of accurate color is usually what photographers strive for, but there are also times where they intentionally want to shift the color, or increase it. The white balance controls can be used for that as well, and of course, those changes can be done afterwards in software too. The way Nikon digital cameras process the light they capture, with regards to saturation, contrast and sharpening is through Picture Control. Like white balance, you have a choice in that processing, which affects things like saturation, contrast and sharpening. The default is called Standard. But of course, being digital, you have the option to choose other looks, which on today s Nikon cameras are Neutral, Vivid, Portrait, Landscape and Monochrome. It s also important to understand that Picture Control applies to both JPEG and RAW (NEF) files, but its effect may only be truly visible in JPEGs. That s because a JPEG is a finished image file, whose settings (and white balance) are applied in-camera to create an image file. RAW (NEF), on the other hand, is essentially unprocessed data from the sensor, which has not yet been processed into an image. It s just numbers, with information about how to start the processing of those numbers. Because of that, the software you use to process your NEF files will determine the look of those images. If using Nikon software, like Capture NX-D, then the NEF image will look just like a JPEG would, because it s getting the same processing in the software that the image would have had in the camera. If using third-party (non-nikon) software, then a NEF file will look at least slightly different than a JPEG, because that NEF will be processed differently than the JPEG. Any time you start raising the ISO on a camera, you risk having noise. Noise is most visible in dark areas, and more likely if you underexpose. If that noise is visible, it might be distracting to the point that you need to try to reduce it. There are various software packages that can help with this, but remember that the more you reduce noise with software, the more you soften the image. That means it s always a balancing act, trying to reduce visible noise without softening the image too much. 10

11 Also, when photographing people, there will probably be times where the subject would like you to smooth their skin a bit, remove blemishes or simply make them look a bit better. Again, various software packages offer tools that can do a nice job of removing pimples or blemishes, and even smooth out wrinkles. And there are also some programs designed specifically for retouching, that can not just remove blemishes but smooth skin, change or enhance eye color, re-shape facial features and more. Finally, any time we talk about quality and photography, the heavy use of smartphones deserves a mention. While it s great to have a camera inside a small device you almost always have with you, it s important to remember the sacrifices in quality that go with that convenience. If you re shooting an important event, and sharing those photos immediately is important to you, then consider using a Nikon camera with Wi-Fi technology. More and more of Nikon s DSLR s, Nikon 1 and COOLPIX digital cameras have this built in, which allows you to quickly and easily see the photos on your camera from your smartphone (ios and Android supported), then pull that photo to the camera (no wires needed) so it can be posted right away. And there are even inexpensive adapters the Nikon WU-1a and Nikon WU-1b that add that ability to some of Nikon s other cameras. Nikon has many excellent social media and web resources that you can use to get more information or simply fresh ideas. Some of them are: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/nikonusa Twitter: https://twitter.com/nikonusa Instagram: https://instagram.com/nikonusa YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/nikonusa Google+: https://plus.google.com/+nikonusa Flickr: https://www.flickr.com/groups/nikondigitallearningcent er Vimeo: https://vimeo.com/groups/nikonusa 11

12 In Closing Photographers have always worked to grow and improve their creative abilities, and today s cameras, lenses, flashes and accessories make that easier than ever before. But more important is how well the photographer learns to use those tools. Photography always comes back to light and exposure, and taking control of the situation when possible to make the best picture. In both action and people photography, a big part of that is the moment, when the photographer presses the shutter button. Solving all the technical issues, making sure lighting, white balance, exposure and other settings are where they need to be means the photographer can concentrate on capturing that moment. And that means you ll make better pictures. Good luck! 12

What is a DSLR and what is a compact camera? And newer versions of DSLR are now mirrorless

What is a DSLR and what is a compact camera? And newer versions of DSLR are now mirrorless 1 2 What is a DSLR and what is a compact camera? And newer versions of DSLR are now mirrorless 3 The Parts Your camera is made up of many parts, but there are a few in particular that we want to look at

More information

ISO meets Aperture and Shutter Speed How to sort out the exposure trifecta and capture the exposure you want.

ISO meets Aperture and Shutter Speed How to sort out the exposure trifecta and capture the exposure you want. Before and After the Click Training ISO meets Aperture and Shutter Speed How to sort out the exposure trifecta and capture the exposure you want. Warning: This tutorial requires decision making. Created

More information

Basic Digital Photography for Fly Fishers. Tom Rosenbauer Bozeman, April 2009

Basic Digital Photography for Fly Fishers. Tom Rosenbauer Bozeman, April 2009 Basic Digital Photography for Fly Fishers Tom Rosenbauer Bozeman, April 2009 Before buying a camera, decide what is most important to you Digicams Small and inexpensive Zoom lenses Also offer very good

More information

picture real beauty Capture real beauty with the one you love

picture real beauty Capture real beauty with the one you love picture real beauty Capture real beauty with the one you love Lina Dove invites you to experience photography for yourself and capture images of beauty that live around you. To help, we ve taken the principles

More information

Introduction to your digital SLR

Introduction to your digital SLR Introduction to your digital SLR So, this is what your lovely digital SLR looks like inside. Remember; it s a light-proof box with a lens on the front. Oh, and an incredibly powerful little computer. You

More information

Introduction to photography. Tips and techniques for better photography

Introduction to photography. Tips and techniques for better photography Introduction to Photography Greek for painting with light Can be considered both an art and a science Photography is a science, because there are basic principles of physics that govern success Photography

More information

Understanding Exposure for Better Photos Now

Understanding Exposure for Better Photos Now Understanding Exposure for Better Photos Now Beginner Photography Tutorials Created exclusively for Craftsy by Nicholas Donner TABLE OF CONTENTS 01 02 05 07 10 12 Meet the Expert Shutter Speed Aperture

More information

SLR: single lens reflex (what you see is what you get)

SLR: single lens reflex (what you see is what you get) SLR: single lens reflex (what you see is what you get) The anatomy of an SLR (single lens reflex) camera: 1. Light passes through the lens and strikes the mirror (green) 2. The mirror reflects the light

More information

Digital SLR Basics 1

Digital SLR Basics 1 Digital SLR Basics 1 When you re not using flash, there are three main components that make up your exposure. Aperture, Shutter Speed and ISO setting. It s called the exposure triangle. Aperture Shutter

More information

Contents. www.iphotographycourse.com

Contents. www.iphotographycourse.com Contents Secret #1 - You really need the right equipment... 3 Secret #2 - Know the sport you will be photographing... 5 Secret #3 - Get in the right location... 6 Secret #4 - Know how to use your camera's

More information

The Basics of Digital Photography and How to Take Better Pictures. Instructor: Kate Key Kate Key Photography

The Basics of Digital Photography and How to Take Better Pictures. Instructor: Kate Key Kate Key Photography The Basics of Digital Photography and How to Take Better Pictures Instructor: Kate Key Kate Key Photography Digital Point and Shoot Cameras (Digital Compact Cameras)-Lower budget lighter camera that allow

More information

Aperture, Shutter speed and iso

Aperture, Shutter speed and iso Aperture, Shutter speed and iso These are the building blocks of good photography and making good choices on the combination of these 3 controls will give superior results than you will get by using the

More information

WIDE ANGLE PHOTOGRAPHY BOB ALLEN AUGUST 2013

WIDE ANGLE PHOTOGRAPHY BOB ALLEN AUGUST 2013 WIDE ANGLE PHOTOGRAPHY BOB ALLEN AUGUST 2013 Talk on wide angle photography Introduction about me Under water wide angle skills and techniques Photographic equipment advantages and disadvantages Wide angle

More information

PHOTOGRAPHY 101 (or how I think about it, anyway)

PHOTOGRAPHY 101 (or how I think about it, anyway) PHOTOGRAPHY 101 (or how I think about it, anyway) 1 Part I Three Simple Rules 2 Rule 1 Learn Kind of like knowing photoshop, understanding how your camera works is a technical skill. It is essential to

More information

MACRO PHOTOGRAPHY TIPS

MACRO PHOTOGRAPHY TIPS INTRODUCTION TECHNICALITIES TOOLS TECHNICALITIES YOU CAN T ESCAPE THEM TECHNICALITIES TRUE IS SHOOTING 1:1, SO THAT 1MM ON 35MM FILM IS 1MM IN REAL LIFE IN PRACTICE, IT IS SHOOTING SMALL OBJECTS CLOSE

More information

One Week to Better Photography

One Week to Better Photography One Week to Better Photography Introduction and Lesson 1 Digital Camera Basics Images can inform, enlighten, delight and make our world a better place. Anyone can press the shutter button on a camera.

More information

Notes on the use of flash guns

Notes on the use of flash guns Notes on the use of flash guns Prepared by Dick Saunders for Middleton Camera Club 2013 Rule 1 Learn when your flash can make a difference and when to save battery power and turn it off We ve all seen

More information

Learning Objectives. Describe the design of s SLR camera. Handle a camera properly. Describe the features of a modern digital camera

Learning Objectives. Describe the design of s SLR camera. Handle a camera properly. Describe the features of a modern digital camera Learning Objectives After this lecture, you will be able to Digital SLR Camera Basics Describe the design of s SLR camera Handle a camera properly Describe the features of a modern digital camera Dr. Rohan

More information

Shutter Speed in Digital Photography

Shutter Speed in Digital Photography Shutter Speed in Digital Photography [Notes from Alan Aldrich as presented to the Hawkesbury Camera Club in April 2014] Light is a form of energy and as such behaves as formulated in the general power

More information

*What types of files is your camera capable of capturing? Image resolution describes the amount of detail in a digital image

*What types of files is your camera capable of capturing? Image resolution describes the amount of detail in a digital image Getting to Know Your Digital Camera Worksheet Use this as a guide to find the necessary controls on your digital camera. When you see an *, use a pencil to fill in the information. Identify the slot where

More information

Understanding Depth Of Field, Aperture, and Shutter Speed Supplement to Mastering the Nikon D7000

Understanding Depth Of Field, Aperture, and Shutter Speed Supplement to Mastering the Nikon D7000 Understanding Depth Of Field, Aperture, and Shutter Speed Supplement to Mastering the Nikon D7000 This supplemental information is intended for readers of Mastering the Nikon 7000 only. Please do not distribute

More information

Beginners Guide to Digital Camera Settings

Beginners Guide to Digital Camera Settings 2008 Beginners Guide to Digital Camera Settings Phil Maznyk & Matthew Mannell Kitchener Waterloo Aquarium Society 3/11/2008 Hi folks, well finally here is the beginners guide to some of the more basic

More information

Photography Tips & Tricks

Photography Tips & Tricks Photography Tips & Tricks Indoor A common problem when shooting indoors is the lighting. Place the subject near a window for natural light. Turn on the flash. The flash can help by getting sharp images

More information

Study Guide & Sample Questions Stratton Winter 2014

Study Guide & Sample Questions Stratton Winter 2014 Camera Basics Camera Modes Basic Zone Modes Creative Zone Modes Stop of light As move from one setting (, stop. shutter speed) the amount of light will half or double Increase one stop +1 = 2x (twice)

More information

Exposure with a digital SLR in situations of high contrast

Exposure with a digital SLR in situations of high contrast Exposure with a digital SLR in situations of high contrast Note: The following requires understanding the basics of exposure and how to read a histogram. In general it is not that difficult to find a decent

More information

HOW TO USE A SLR CAMERA

HOW TO USE A SLR CAMERA HOW TO USE A SLR CAMERA THE LENS- lets light into the camera. The shorter the lens the shorter the distance it can focus on and the larger angle it will view. The longer the lens the longer the distance

More information

Smartphone Photography. (there is more than just selfies!)

Smartphone Photography. (there is more than just selfies!) Smartphone Photography (there is more than just selfies!) Shooting Tips Hold phone steady: Hold the camera with both hands and pull your arms into your chest or stomach. Better yet,

More information

Photographing Birds in Flight. Bill Welch

Photographing Birds in Flight. Bill Welch Photographing Birds in Flight Bill Welch Photographing birds in flight is the art of capturing birds when they are at their most spectacular. Bird flight photography is regarded by many as the most challenging

More information

LANDSCAPE AND TRAVEL PHOTOGRAPHY

LANDSCAPE AND TRAVEL PHOTOGRAPHY LANDSCAPE AND TRAVEL PHOTOGRAPHY These notes are written to complement the material presented in the Nikon School of Photography Landscape and Travel Photography class. Helpful websites: Nikon USA Nikon

More information

Get the most out of your digital camera

Get the most out of your digital camera Get the most out of your digital camera The Basics ALWAYS wrap the strap around your wrist or around your neck. Do you have an extra $800? Use the photographer stance: elbows in and down, feet spread shoulder-width

More information

Night photography tutorial. Table of content: EHLO. 14 September 2006 v1.1

Night photography tutorial. Table of content: EHLO.  14 September 2006 v1.1 Night photography tutorial EHLO http://ehlo.deviantart.com ehlo@fmx.ch 14 September 2006 v1.1 Table of content: Night photography tutorial...1 Table of content:...1 Propose of the tutorial...2 The basics...2

More information

Professional. Technical Guide

Professional. Technical Guide Professional Technical Guide En Table of Contents Using the Menus... 4 Autofocus Focusing with Autofocus... 7 Behind the Goal...11 Tracking erratically moving subjects that are frequently obscured by other

More information

KODAK Self-Teaching Guide to Using an Adjustable 35 mm Camera

KODAK Self-Teaching Guide to Using an Adjustable 35 mm Camera KODAK Self-Teaching Guide to Using an Adjustable 35 mm Camera Contents INTRODUCTION... 3 EXERCISES... 3 MORE INFORMATION... 3 SOME CAMERA BASICS... 3 THE SHUTTER... 6 THE LENS OPENING... 7 FOCUSING...

More information

Colorado State University. Guide for 4-H Photography Judges

Colorado State University. Guide for 4-H Photography Judges Colorado State University Guide for 4-H Photography Judges Photography Criteria Use the following criteria to help you judge 4-H photography. TECHNICAL FOCUS Adjustments of the distance setting on a lens

More information

BASIC EXPOSURE APERTURES, SHUTTER SPEEDS AND PHOTO TERMINOLOGY

BASIC EXPOSURE APERTURES, SHUTTER SPEEDS AND PHOTO TERMINOLOGY BASIC EXPOSURE APERTURES, SHUTTER SPEEDS AND PHOTO TERMINOLOGY EXPOSURE Exposure is the response of a photographic emulsion to light. The emulsion is made of a material (silver) that is sensitive to light.

More information

Overcoming Flash Fear: Avoiding Caves And Ghosts For Better Photos By Tom Stephenson and Scott Whittle

Overcoming Flash Fear: Avoiding Caves And Ghosts For Better Photos By Tom Stephenson and Scott Whittle Overcoming Flash Fear: Avoiding Caves And Ghosts For Better Photos By Tom Stephenson and Scott Whittle DSLR cameras are becoming ubiquitous these days in the birding community. We were at Magee Marsh in

More information

Candid photography: Techniques and tips

Candid photography: Techniques and tips Candid photography: definition A candid photograph is a photograph captured mostly in motion, without creating a posed appearance. This is achieved by avoiding prior preparation of the subject and by either

More information

Digital Photography 101. By BJ Ramsay 2 March 2016

Digital Photography 101. By BJ Ramsay 2 March 2016 Digital Photography 101 Presented to the SMCCC By BJ Ramsay 2 March 2016 Agenda The Toolbox Intro The toolbox The building blocks: The Big 3 ISO, Shutter Speed, f stop Wide vs Telephoto FX vs DX vs 4/3rds

More information

An Overview of digital camera technology, basic photographic techniques.

An Overview of digital camera technology, basic photographic techniques. Introduction to Digital Photography An Overview of digital camera technology, basic photographic techniques. 2006-06-01 Oh the Technology! DSLR, Megapixels, Image Stabilisation, Dust Reduction, Live View,

More information

Understanding Camera Settings

Understanding Camera Settings Understanding Camera Settings Aperture (F-stop) Shutter Speed ISO Exposure Triangle White Balance ISO ISO is the acronym for International Standards Organization When changing your ISO setting, you re

More information

Nikon D810 Menu Guide

Nikon D810 Menu Guide Developed by: Winston C. Hall 714 This menu guide lists menu setting for the D810 camera. The first column lists the individual settings in each menu, a in the second column indicates the setting is saved

More information

Understanding the relationship among SHUTTER SPEED, APERTURE, AND ISO in Photography

Understanding the relationship among SHUTTER SPEED, APERTURE, AND ISO in Photography Understanding the relationship among SHUTTER SPEED, APERTURE, AND ISO in Photography Alton Vance Introduction Understanding Aperture Physical Characteristics of Aperture Illustration of Aperture settings

More information

Shutter & Aperture Research & Demonstrations

Shutter & Aperture Research & Demonstrations Camera Exercises ART-162 Winter 2013 version CX-162-CameraExercises-2013W.A3 Page 1 CX-2.1 Shutter & Aperture Research & Demonstrations 10 Explanations in part 2 are well done: submit written answers.

More information

Fast Track to Wireless Speedlights

Fast Track to Wireless Speedlights Fast Track to Wireless Speedlights The Nikon Creative Lighting System offers a comprehensive selection of revolutionary lighting tools to match virtually any need. This system features the world s most

More information

Information Display Supplement to Mastering the Nikon D7000

Information Display Supplement to Mastering the Nikon D7000 Information Display Supplement to Mastering the Nikon D7000 This supplemental information is intended for readers of Mastering the Nikon 7000 only. Please do not distribute this extra material to anyone

More information

Table of Contents. 1. High Resolution Images with the D800E Aperture and Complex Subjects Color Aliasing and Moiré...

Table of Contents. 1. High Resolution Images with the D800E Aperture and Complex Subjects Color Aliasing and Moiré... Technical Guide Introduction This Technical Guide details the principal techniques used to create two of the more technically advanced photographs in the D800/D800E brochure. Take this opportunity to admire

More information

Night Vision. White Paper: Tips on Creating Awesome Night Vision Digital SLR Photos

Night Vision. White Paper: Tips on Creating Awesome Night Vision Digital SLR Photos Electrophysics Resource Center: White Paper: Tips on Creating Awesome 373 Route 46, Fairfield, NJ 07004 Phone: 973-882-0211 Fax: 973-882-0997 www.electrophysics.com Tips on Creating Awesome Electrophysics

More information

Smart Phone Photography July 20, 2015. Bob Walker Mike Schlitt

Smart Phone Photography July 20, 2015. Bob Walker Mike Schlitt Smart Phone Photography July 20, 2015 Bob Walker Mike Schlitt Agenda Introductions Bob and Mike Both Apple/Mac users Examples are Apple/IOS, but principles are applicable to other Smartphone platforms

More information

Camera Settings Guide

Camera Settings Guide " " and " " are trademarks or registered trademarks of Sony Corporation. All other company and product names mentioned herein are used for identification purposes only and may be the trademarks or registered

More information

Movie 2. Camera Raw sharpening and noise reduction

Movie 2. Camera Raw sharpening and noise reduction Movie 2 Camera Raw sharpening and noise reduction 1 Improvements to Camera Raw sharpening Sharpening is achieved by adding halos to the edges in an image. Generally speaking, halos add a light halo on

More information

ACADEMY GUIDE SERIES PRODUCT PHOTOGRAPHY 101. Using a Smartphone

ACADEMY GUIDE SERIES PRODUCT PHOTOGRAPHY 101. Using a Smartphone ACADEMY GUIDE SERIES PRODUCT PHOTOGRAPHY 101 Using a Smartphone Contents About This Guide 4 Product Photography: Why Bother? 5 Do I Really Need a Tripod? 7 Using the Self-Timer 9 Using a Background 10

More information

Photography is all about light - intensity, color & balance

Photography is all about light - intensity, color & balance Photography is all about light - intensity, color & balance So, how do I get the results I am after using a digital camera? By Jerry Work Five parts to the answer How does the eye see? How do cameras record

More information

Lifehacker Night School "The Basics of Photography"

Lifehacker Night School The Basics of Photography Lifehacker Night School "The Basics of Photography" by Adam Dachis http://lifehacker.com/nightschool Basics of Photography: Taking Better Photos by Understanding How Your Digital Camera Works Adam Dachis

More information

A collection of example photos. This guide introduces various SB-5000 flash techniques and example photos. 2016 Nikon Corporation

A collection of example photos. This guide introduces various SB-5000 flash techniques and example photos. 2016 Nikon Corporation A collection of example photos This guide introduces various SB-5000 flash techniques and example photos 2016 Nikon Corporation TT6D01(11) 8MSA9811-01 En Index 1 Bounce flash Pages 3 4 2 Daylight flash

More information

A Beginner's Guide to Simple Photography Concepts: ISO, Aperture, Shutter Speed Depth of Field (DOF) and Exposure Compensation

A Beginner's Guide to Simple Photography Concepts: ISO, Aperture, Shutter Speed Depth of Field (DOF) and Exposure Compensation A Beginner's Guide to Simple Photography Concepts: ISO, Aperture, Shutter Speed Depth of Field (DOF) and Exposure Compensation There are 3 things that affect your image quality in photography; ISO, Aperture

More information

Get the Most From Your Digital SLR

Get the Most From Your Digital SLR Get the Most From Your Digital SLR Lesson One: Aperture and Shutter Speed Table of Contents Introduction... 1 Before You Begin... 2 Definitions... 2 Aperture... 3 Half Stops and Third Stops... 4 Aperture

More information

Landscape Photography Workshop. Filters & more. A good photograph is knowing where to stand. Ansel Adams

Landscape Photography Workshop. Filters & more. A good photograph is knowing where to stand. Ansel Adams Landscape Photography Workshop. Filters & more A good photograph is knowing where to stand. Ansel Adams What I ll be discussing tonight.. About me Inspiration Planning & execution Why use filters? Getting

More information

Diversifying VRC Services within a studio department: The Portfolio Photography Room

Diversifying VRC Services within a studio department: The Portfolio Photography Room VRA Bulletin Volume 42 Issue 2 Article 6 May 2016 Diversifying VRC Services within a studio department: The Portfolio Photography Room Lia Pileggi University of Colorado Boulder, lia.pileggi@colorado.edu

More information

BEGINNERS PHOTOGRAPHY CLASSES. Which Camera? (The differences between camera types and their uses) September 2015

BEGINNERS PHOTOGRAPHY CLASSES. Which Camera? (The differences between camera types and their uses) September 2015 BEGINNERS PHOTOGRAPHY CLASSES Which Camera? (The differences between camera types and their uses) September 2015 Questions Before selecting a camera from the array of models, types and prices you should

More information

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS REQUIRED COURSES: 83 contact hours

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS REQUIRED COURSES: 83 contact hours 1 COURSE DESCRIPTIONS REQUIRED COURSES: 83 contact hours ART 1002 - Photography I for non-art majors and non-art minors This course is an introduction to photography as an art medium. The course will cover

More information

A Photographer s. E-Guide To Making Sharp. Photographs

A Photographer s. E-Guide To Making Sharp. Photographs S c o t t B o u r n e A Photographer s E-Guide To Making Sharp Photographs All text and photographs by Scott Bourne Except For Bourne Portrait Courtesy M. Katz This entire publication is Copyright 2012

More information

Nikon 4200 CoolPix Camera Staff Digital Photo Camera Parts:

Nikon 4200 CoolPix Camera Staff Digital Photo Camera Parts: Nikon 4200 CoolPix Camera Staff Digital Photo Camera Parts: Page 1 Page 2 Battery: Nikon 4200 Coolpix camera contains one rechargeable battery. To charge the battery, remove from battery chamber and insert

More information

PhotosmArts Photo Field Trip Classes

PhotosmArts Photo Field Trip Classes PhotosmArts Photo Field Trip Classes Digitally Photography Workshops Photoshop, Photoshop Elements & Lightroom Training Private one on ones and small group session All classes taught by professional photographers

More information

WCTC Basic DSLR Camera Operation (A Review For Advanced and Amateur Photographers) CRN: 5227

WCTC Basic DSLR Camera Operation (A Review For Advanced and Amateur Photographers) CRN: 5227 WCTC Basic DSLR Camera Operation (A Review For Advanced and Amateur Photographers) 203 425 001 CRN: 5227 David Denemark Photography Instructor To submit class projects when you miss a class or for questions

More information

Using Your Digital Camera to Photograph Your Artwork. Sweet Pixels Fine Art Giclée (www.sweet-pixels.com)

Using Your Digital Camera to Photograph Your Artwork. Sweet Pixels Fine Art Giclée (www.sweet-pixels.com) Sweet Pixels Fine Art Giclée (www.sweet-pixels.com) 2010, Richard E. Givens* Many artists wish to use their digital cameras to photograph their artwork for the purpose of making prints, web pages, greeting

More information

EVIDENCE PHOTOGRAPHY TEST SPECIFICATIONS MODULE 1: CAMERA SYSTEMS & LIGHT THEORY (37)

EVIDENCE PHOTOGRAPHY TEST SPECIFICATIONS MODULE 1: CAMERA SYSTEMS & LIGHT THEORY (37) EVIDENCE PHOTOGRAPHY TEST SPECIFICATIONS The exam will cover evidence photography involving crime scenes, fire scenes, accident scenes, aircraft incident scenes, surveillances and hazardous materials scenes.

More information

Camera Lenses and Focal Length

Camera Lenses and Focal Length Camera Lenses and Focal Length In Photography, your lens is often your most important purchase. This photography tutorial outlines some important qualities of different lenses, and how each performs in

More information

Outdoor Flash For Nature Photographers. 2005-2014 E.J. Peiker

Outdoor Flash For Nature Photographers. 2005-2014 E.J. Peiker Outdoor Flash For Nature Photographers Introduction E.J. Peiker Co-founder NatureScapes.net 46 years of photographic experience, 13 years professionally: Audubon National Geographic Outdoor Photographer

More information

Nikon D300/D300S Live View Mode Copyright 2010 Darrell Young, All Rights Reserved

Nikon D300/D300S Live View Mode Copyright 2010 Darrell Young, All Rights Reserved Nikon D300/D300S Live View Mode Copyright 2010 Darrell Young, All Rights Reserved This is a short excerpt from the 416 page book Mastering the Nikon D300/D300S, available on Amazon.com in print and Kindle

More information

Guide to Capturing Motion in Low Light Situations Page 1

Guide to Capturing Motion in Low Light Situations Page 1 Page 1 One of the hardest aspects of photography is figuring out how to capture photos in low light situations. The truth of the matter is that if you can master low light shooting, other light settings

More information

Photography Certificate Program 2015

Photography Certificate Program 2015 Photography Certificate Program 2015 Photography courses open to all photography enthusiasts and those seeking a certificate. A Certificate Program of GRU Professional and Community Education (PaCE) CERTIFICATE

More information

Pen Photography 101. Written by Gerry Rhoades copyright 2008

Pen Photography 101. Written by Gerry Rhoades  copyright 2008 Pen Photography 101 Written by Gerry Rhoades www.montanapens.com copyright 2008 Introduction This article is meant to be a starting point for those who are just getting started at photographing pens and

More information

PHOTOGRAPHER S GUIDE TO THE NIKON COOLPIX P500

PHOTOGRAPHER S GUIDE TO THE NIKON COOLPIX P500 When you are setting shutter speed, the fractions of a second are easy to read because they are displayed as standard fractions, such as 1/5 or 1/200. Some of the longer times are a bit harder to read;

More information

BASICS OF BETTER UNDERWATER PHOTOGRAPHY CHOOSING CAMERAS & HOUSINGS

BASICS OF BETTER UNDERWATER PHOTOGRAPHY CHOOSING CAMERAS & HOUSINGS BASICS OF BETTER UNDERWATER PHOTOGRAPHY CHOOSING CAMERAS & HOUSINGS CHOOSING UNDERWATER CAMERAS & HOUSINGS Deciding on an underwater photography system to buy doesn t have to be a bewildering experience.

More information

Step By Step: Taking Beautiful High Key Photos of Flowers

Step By Step: Taking Beautiful High Key Photos of Flowers Step By Step: Taking Beautiful High Key Photos of Flowers di Andrew Gibson Flowers are a beautiful and popular subject, but taking photos of them outdoors is often a frustrating process. You have to wait

More information

Photography Certificate Program

Photography Certificate Program Photography Certificate Program Photography courses open to all photography enthusiasts and those seeking a certificate. A Certificate Program of GRU Professional and Community Education (PaCE) CERTIFICATE

More information

DSLR & One Shot Color CCD Preprocessing & Basic Enhancement

DSLR & One Shot Color CCD Preprocessing & Basic Enhancement DSLR & One Shot Color CCD Preprocessing & Basic Enhancement DSLR & One Shot Color CCD Light, Dark, Flat, Flat Dark, and Bias Preprocessing The Image Set Operations Auto Image Set Processing tool on the

More information

X-T1. New Features Guide DIGITAL CAMERA. Version 5.00

X-T1. New Features Guide DIGITAL CAMERA. Version 5.00 BL00004890-200 EN DIGITAL CAMERA X-T1 New Features Guide Version 5.00 Features added or changed as a result of firmware updates may no longer match the descriptions in the documentation supplied with this

More information

VISION OUTPERFORMED COMPARISON SHEET

VISION OUTPERFORMED COMPARISON SHEET VISION OUTPERFORMED Sensor & Resolution Sensor 35.9 x 23.9mm CMOS 36.0 x 23.9mm CMOS 36.0 x 23.9mm CMOS Resolution 20.8MP FX-format CMOS sensor Anti-reflection coating is incorporated in various components,

More information

Get the Most From Your Digital SLR

Get the Most From Your Digital SLR Get the Most From Your Digital SLR Lesson Two: Getting Photos Correctly Exposed Table of Contents Introduction... 1 Definitions... 2 A Crack In The Door... 2 Exposure... 3 Digital SLR Light Meters... 4

More information

25 flower photography tips for beginners

25 flower photography tips for beginners 25 flower photography tips for beginners dcworld Improve your flower photography: tips, tricks and techniques for pictures bursting with style. All you need, from the best digital camera settings to lighting

More information

PHOTOGRAPHY: TRICKS OF THE TRADE

PHOTOGRAPHY: TRICKS OF THE TRADE Techniques to make you shine Loren Nelson www.naturalphotographyjackson.com PHOTOGRAPHY: TRICKS OF THE TRADE Poor composition Lack of subject, foreground, background Clutter and distractions Improper exposure

More information

Displaying your product catalogue on the Internet demands good photography.

Displaying your product catalogue on the Internet demands good photography. Displaying your product catalogue on the Internet demands good photography. The good news is that you can do it yourself using a digital camera and a photo modification program like Adobe Photoshop, or

More information

2. Using a Visible Light Blocking Filter on a standard Digital Camera

2. Using a Visible Light Blocking Filter on a standard Digital Camera Black and White Infra-Red - Many years ago I shot some images with black and white Infrared film, but I never had the success with it that I would have liked. I put that down to the fact that infra-red

More information

Accurate Light Intensity & Camera Exposure

Accurate Light Intensity & Camera Exposure Accurate light intensity Accurate Light Intensity Camera Exposure One of the benefits when working with a physically based render engine is that we can relay on real world values for our materials, lights

More information

Inside the SS Thistlegorm in low light shot at 800 ISO

Inside the SS Thistlegorm in low light shot at 800 ISO Canon G9X Underwater Review I ll begin by saying this is not going to be a classic geek fest review. I won t be pixel peeping and I definitely won t be using graphs that require a degree in computer science

More information

7tipsforsofter. lookinglight. Beginners Digital Photography - Tutorial 03. Making Photography Easier. www. DIGITAL Beginners.com

7tipsforsofter. lookinglight. Beginners Digital Photography - Tutorial 03. Making Photography Easier. www. DIGITAL Beginners.com 7tipsforsofter lookinglight Beginners Digital Photography - Tutorial 03 Tel: 00353 1 620 5156 Email: info@digitalbeginners.com www.digitalbeginners.com All text, photographs and illustrations David McKane

More information

This course description will be replaced with one currently under review by College Council.

This course description will be replaced with one currently under review by College Council. New York City College of Technology The City University of New York Department of Communication Design 2330 Digital Photography Course Description This course will explore the foundational concepts of

More information

SHOW MORE SELL MORE. Top tips for taking great photos

SHOW MORE SELL MORE. Top tips for taking great photos SHOW MORE SELL MORE Top tips for taking great photos TAKE BETTER PICTURES. SELL MORE STUFF. The more clear, crisp, quality pictures you show, the easier it is for buyers to find your listings and make

More information

Working Notes Section Two - Color, Light, Technology

Working Notes Section Two - Color, Light, Technology Working Notes Section Two - Color, Light, Technology These notes are written to complement the material presented in the Nikon School of Photography Section Two seminar rather than as stand-alone text.

More information

Welcome to Northern Lights A film about Scotland made by you.

Welcome to Northern Lights A film about Scotland made by you. Welcome to Northern Lights A film about Scotland made by you. As part of the Year Of Creative Scotland 2012 we want you to take out a camera and show us what you can see. We are not sure what you will

More information

Digital Photography 1

Digital Photography 1 Digital Photography 1 Institute of Photographic Studies Digital Photography 1 Page 2 SYLLABUS Digital Photography 1 Institute of Photographic Studies Faculty of Record: Rowan Gillson, M.A. Syllabus Contents

More information

Professional. Setting Guide

Professional. Setting Guide Professional Setting Guide Table of Contents Taking Photographs 1 Improving Camera Response... 2 Settings by Subject... 6 Matching Settings to Your Goal... 12 Reducing Camera Blur: Vibration Reduction...12

More information

Cameras, cameras, cameras...

Cameras, cameras, cameras... Camera Handling I Cameras, cameras, cameras... Common Camera Types Disposable fixed focus Automatic/digital auto Point-and-shoot Manual: Single Lens Reflex (SLR)/ Digital SLR Rangefinder Camera Anatomy

More information

Technologies Explained PowerShot G1 X

Technologies Explained PowerShot G1 X Technologies Explained PowerShot G1 X EMBARGO: 9 th January 2012, 15:00 (CET) A high-quality camera in its own right or the perfect complement to a professional DSLR, the PowerShot G1 X combines EOS sensor

More information

ROTATING SYSTEM T-12, T-20, T-50, T-150 USER MANUAL

ROTATING SYSTEM T-12, T-20, T-50, T-150 USER MANUAL ROTATING SYSTEM T-12, T-20, T-50, T-150 USER MANUAL v. 1.08 released 06.05.2015 Table of contents Introduction to the Rotating System device 3 Device components 4 Technical characteristics 4 Compatibility

More information

Camera. Lenses. Don't Collect Lenses! Wildlife and Sports, 7fps (Canon 7d, Nikon D300s) Landscape, all

Camera. Lenses. Don't Collect Lenses! Wildlife and Sports, 7fps (Canon 7d, Nikon D300s) Landscape, all Camera Wildlife and Sports, 7fps (Canon 7d, Nikon D300s) Landscape, all Lenses Wildlife and Sports : 300mm, 400mm or greater Landscape: Wide angle 17-35mm Macro, Portraits: 100mm Don't Collect Lenses!

More information

Digital Image Requirements for New Online US Visa Application

Digital Image Requirements for New Online US Visa Application Digital Image Requirements for New Online US Visa Application As part of the electronic submission of your DS-160 application, you will be asked to provide an electronic copy of your photo. The photo must

More information

Introduction to Photography Part 1

Introduction to Photography Part 1 ww Introduction to Photography Part 1 In this lesson, we are going to introduce you to using photography in social media, using the question and answer format The objectives for this lesson are: Understand

More information

Manfrotto Digital Director App User Manual

Manfrotto Digital Director App User Manual 1 of 22 Manfrotto Digital Director App User Manual Please visit manfrotto.com for the latest information Index DIGITAL DIRECTOR SET UP... 2 CAMERA COMPATIBILITY... 2 APP AND FIRMWARE UPDATE... 3 DIGITAL

More information