HOW TO CITE THIS ARTICLE:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "HOW TO CITE THIS ARTICLE:"

Transcription

1 DOI: /jebmh/215/772 CAN MOTHERS CARE FOR ACUTE DIARRHOEAL DISEASE OF THEIR UNDER FIVE CHILDREN EFFECTIVELY AT HOME? A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY IN SLUM COMMUNITY IN BANKURA Eashin Gazi 1, Aniket Chowdhury 2, Rakesh Kumar 3, Aditya Prasad Sarkar 4, Subhra Samujjwal Basu 5, Sanjay Saha 6 HOW TO CITE THIS ARTICLE: Eashin Gazi, Aniket Chowdhury, Rakesh Kumar, Aditya Prasad Sarkar, Subhra Samujjwal Basu, Sanjay Saha. Can Mothers Care for Acute Diarrhoeal Disease of their Under Five Children Effectively at Home? A Cross Sectional Study in Slum Community in Ankura. Journal of Evidence based Medicine and Healthcare; Volume 2, Issue 36, September 7, 215; Page: , DOI: /jebmh/215/772 ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Diarrhea is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in under- five children in developing world like India. WHO & Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness (IMNCI) diarrheal management guidelines encourage mothers and caretakers to treat diarrhoea at home by giving ORS and oral rehydration therapy (ORT) to reduce the duration, severity, hospitalization, overall medical costs and death. OBJECTIVES: i) to assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) of mothers on home care of acute diarrhoeal diseases and ii) To find out the factors affecting it, if any. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Community based cross-sectional study was conducted for three months duration among 76 mothers of slum-dwelling under five children (2-59 months) in Bankura. Information about KAP on management of acute diarrhoeal diseases was obtained by interview of mother using schedule based on WHO & IMNCI diarrheal management guidelines. RESULTS: In this study, majority mothers (64.7%) of children were of BPL category and mean schooling years of mothers was 7.97±4.12. Majority of mothers knowledge was average (66.2%) and favourable attitude was (76.5%). While 72.2% mothers performed average practice; only 9.3% of mothers performed good practice. Education, occupation and socio-economic status (SES) were the influencing factors of KAP on home care of diarrhea. Conclusions: A lot of gap was still present in knowledge, attitude and practice of home management of acute diarrheal diseases in an urban slum of Bankura. Health providers are needed to be skilled, motivated to percolate the information to mothers regarding home care of diarrhea. KEYWORDS: Acute diarrheal diseases (DDs), KAP, BCC, Home management. INTRODUCTION: Diarrhea is one of the major cause of morbidity as well as mortality in underfive children. (1) It now causes about 11 per cent of child deaths worldwide. 9 per cent of these deaths occur in sub-saharan Africa and South Asia. In India acute diarrhoeal disease accounts for about 8 per cent of deaths in under 5 year age group. During the year 211, about 1.6 million cases were reported in India. (2) Contaminated food and water, inadequate sanitation, overcrowded shelters, poor hygiene practices as well as malnutrition affect the spread and severity of diarrhea. (2) Young age, dehydration, lack of breast feeding, and poor nutritional status are the major risk factors for death from diarrhea. (3) Most of the diarrheal episodes are selflimited, dehydration being the primary reason of mortality. (1) The single most strategy as advocated by WHO in preventing diarrheal severity or death is use of oral rehydration J of Evidence Based Med &Hlthcare, pissn , eissn / Vol. 2/Issue 36/Sept. 7, 215 Page 5575

2 DOI: /jebmh/215/772 therapy(ort) with ORS solution. (4) It is inexpensive and easily admissible at home by the mothers or caretakers. In 24, The WHO & UNICEF jointly recommended the use of newly formulated low osmolarity ORS and Zinc supplementation in the treatment of childhood diarrhea. But the range of coverage of ORT varies between 2-16% in India. (5) The coverage of ORS of under three years children is 26.2% according to NFHS-3. According to the IMNCI guidelines, children with no dehydration should be managed at home with ORS, home available fluids (HAF) & continue feeding including breast feeding. The early detection of diarrhea at home, early and optimal use of ORT, maintenance of proper, hygienic and safe feeding practices reduce the duration, severity, hospitalization, overall medical costs and death of under five children in diarrhea. In this context the present study was planned in the following objectives; 1. To assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) of mothers on home care of acute diarrhoeal diseases in slum-dwelling under five children in Bankura. 2. To find out the factors, if any affecting the KAP of study population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Study design, area, subject and duration: This community based cross-sectional study was carried out in an urban slum of Bankura municipality. The study was carried on the mothers of having at least one child aged 2-59 months and permanent resident of the area. Seriously ill mothers and mothers of child suffering from chronic diarrhea were excluded from the study. Total study duration was three months from Nov 213 to January 214. Sampling: Multistage sampling was done. In First stage one urban slum (Patpur slum) was selected through simple random sampling (SRS) from the total slums of Bankura municipality. In second stage one ICDS centre was taken by SRS out of four ICDS centers of the selected slum (Ward no. 17). All mothers (76) of children (2-59months) of that ICDS centre were approached for participation in the study. However 68 mothers gave informed consent to participate in study. Ethics: The approval for the study was taken from the Chairman of institution ethics committee of B.S. Medical College. The purpose of the study was explained adequately to mothers and their written informed consent was obtained. Data collection methods: Data were collected on a pre-designed and pre-tested schedule by interview of eligible mothers through house to house visit. The schedule had two parts. In the first part, the socio- demographic characteristics were recorded. In the second part, the KAP about diarrhea and its home care were assessed using 21 questions based on WHO (6) and IMNCI diarrhea management guidelines. Data analysis: Eight questions were used for knowledge and practice assessment each. Every right answer was awarded one mark, and wrong answer zero. Based on quartile values of obtained score, mother scoring above 3 rd quartile value (score=6 for knowledge & score=7 for practice) was considered to have good knowledge and practice in their respective scale. Similarly mothers scored between 1 st quartile (score=4 for both knowledge & practice) and third quartile J of Evidence Based Med &Hlthcare, pissn , eissn / Vol. 2/Issue 36/Sept. 7, 215 Page 5576

3 DOI: /jebmh/215/772 (score) was considered to have average & those having score below 1 st quartile (score=4 for both knowledge& practice) was considered poor knowledge/ practices. Five questions were used for assessment of attitude adopting a 4 point Likert scale with most favorable answer was given four marks and most unfavorable was given one. The outcome measure for attitude was dichotomized based on median value as favorable (with score >median=13) and unfavorable (with score median=13). Data were codified and entered in MS excel spread sheet. Percentage, mean and SD were used present descriptive data. Association between socio-demographic factors and KAP of mothers was determined by chi-square/ Fisher s exact test with 95% Confident level. RESULTS: The study revealed that 63.2% mothers were Hindu. The mean age of mothers was (±4.89) years, range from 18yrs to 42yrs. General, SC, and OBC category were of 57.4%, 39.7% & 2.9% mothers respectively. Mean schooling years of mothers and their husbands were respectively 7.97±4.12 and 6.54± Majority mothers (64.7%) were of BPL category and 54.4% mothers lived in joint family. Mean family size of the study population was 5.68±2.778, range from 3 to 13. Majority of mothers (57.4%) had single child. 94.1% mothers were housewife. Majority of husbands occupation belonged to either daily wage labourer (DWL) (3.8%) or driver (33.9%) in this study. Figure 1: Distribution of study population according to their correct knowledge. FIGURE 1 J of Evidence Based Med &Hlthcare, pissn , eissn / Vol. 2/Issue 36/Sept. 7, 215 Page 5577

4 DOI: /jebmh/215/772 Figure 2: Distribution of study population according to their correct Practices. FIGURE 2 Mothers knowledge on home based management of diarrhoea was good in 2.6%average in 66.2% and poor in 13.2% of mothers [Table 1]. Knowledge was significant related with the religion, Socio-economic status (SES), educational status of mothers and their husbands, and husband s occupation [Table 2]. The mothers knowledge was significantly (p <.5) higher in Islam religion, APL category, secondary or higher educational status of mothers and their husbands, and also the occupation of husband who were in services. Mothers attitude on home based management of diarrhoea was favourable in 76.5% [Table 1]. The attitude was significantly related with SES, educational status of mothers and also husband s education & occupation [Table 3]. But 72.2% mothers performed average practice of diarrhoeal management at home; while 9.3% mother s had good practice in this study [Table 1] 2.58% mothers had no experience to manage the diarrheal disease of their child at home. The practice had a relation with SES, educational status of mothers and their husbands, occupation of mothers [Table 4]. J of Evidence Based Med &Hlthcare, pissn , eissn / Vol. 2/Issue 36/Sept. 7, 215 Page 5578

5 DOI: /jebmh/215/772 Variables No. Percentage (%) Knowledge(n=68) Good Average Poor Total 68 1 Attitude(n=68) Favourable Unfavourable Total 68 1 Practice(n=54) Good Average Poor Total 54 1 Table 1: Distribution of the study population according to KAP on home management of acute diarrhoeal diseases Variables Religion Hindu Muslim SES BPL category APL category Educational status H.S&Above Husband s Education H. S. & Above Level of knowledge Poor No. (%) Average No. (%) Good No. (%) 9(2.9) 9(2.5) 1(16.7) 3(16.7) 4(9.8) 1(33.3) 1(2.) 2(16.7) 5(14.3) 1(6.2) 29(67.4) 16(64.) 33(75.) 12(5.) 5(83.3) 15(83.3) 25(61.) 4(8.) 1(83.3) 24(68.6) 7(43.8) 5(11.6) 9(36.) 2(4.5) 12(5.) 12(29.2) 2(66.7) 6(17.1) 8(5.) P value J of Evidence Based Med &Hlthcare, pissn , eissn / Vol. 2/Issue 36/Sept. 7, 215 Page 5579

6 DOI: /jebmh/215/772 Husband s Occupation Service Business Driver DWL 2(18.2) 1(4.3) 6(28.6) 3(23.1) 7(63.6) 2(87.) 15(71.4) 1(76.9) 2(18.2) 2(8.7) Table 2: Distribution of the mothers according to socio-demographic factors and the knowledge on diarrhoeal management (n=68). Variables SES BPL category APL category Educational status H.S&Above Husband s Education H.S&Above Husband s Occupation Service Business Driver DWL Level of Attitude Favorable Unfavorable No. (%) No. (%) 15(34.1) 1(4.2) 2(33.3) 9(5.) 5(12.2) 1(2.) 9(75.) 4(11.4) 2(12.5) 1(9.1) 5(21.7) 1(47.6) 29(65.9) 23(95.8) 4(66.7) 9(5.) 36(87.8) 3(1.) 4(8.) 3(25.) 31(88.6) 14(87.5) 13(1.) 1(9.9) 18(78.3) 11(52.4) P value Table 3: Distribution of the mothers according to socio-demographic factors and the attitude on diarrhoeal management (n=68) J of Evidence Based Med &Hlthcare, pissn , eissn / Vol. 2/Issue 36/Sept. 7, 215 Page 558

7 DOI: /jebmh/215/772 Variables SES BPL category APL category Educational status H. S & Above Husband Education H. S & Above Occupation Housewife Service Others Level of Practice Poor No. (%) Average No. (%) Good No. (%) 1(29.4) 2(33.3) 7(43.8) 1(3.4) 1(2.) 6(54.5) 3(1.7) 9(18.) 1(33.3) 23(67.6) 16(8.) 4(66.7) 9(56.2) 24(82.8) 2(66.7) 4(8.) 5(45.5) 22(78.6) 8(8.) 37(74.) 2(66.7) 1(2.9) 4(2.) 4(13.8) 1(33.3) 3(1.7) 2(2.) 4(8.) 1(1.) Table 4: Distribution of the mothers according to socio-demographic factors and the practices on diarrhoeal management (n= 54) P value DISCUSSION: Knowledge of mother about meaning of diarrhea was almost 9% in this study. Around one third mothers in present study as well as in a Nigerian study were aware of contaminated food and water causes of diarrhea. (7) While 3% mothers knew the mode of spread of diarrhea in current study while negligible proportion of them were aware about role of Zinc in treatment of diarrhea. ORS was known to almost all respondents in this study. In the study by Meenakshi M Dhadave et al. 65.7% of mothers were aware of ORS solution. Also another study conducted in West Bengal showed that 75% of mothers of under five children was aware of ORS. (8) Around 9% of mothers knew about others home available fluids (HAF) which was better than that in a study in Nepal. (9) Around half of the mother could prepare ORS correctly, gave others HAF and continued feeding to the underfives during diarrheal attack. In a study of West Bengal, 66.7% of mothers could prepare the ORS solution correctly. (8) The studies of Mirzapur and Varanasi were found that 66.25% and 38.2% of mothers were continued feed their children during diarrheal episode as usual. (1,11) Another study in India reported that 88% of mothers restricted their children s diet during diarrhea. (12) Kolahi et.al found that during diarrhea only 1% of mothers had increased amount of breast milk or food in their children s diet. (13) About 8% mothers had continued breast fed their during acute diarrheal diseases in present study. A study conducted in Chandigarh, was found that near about 9% of mothers preferred to continue breastfeeding. (14) J of Evidence Based Med &Hlthcare, pissn , eissn / Vol. 2/Issue 36/Sept. 7, 215 Page 5581

8 DOI: /jebmh/215/772 In this study, mothers knowledge on home management of diarrhea was good in 2.6% and poor in 13.2% [Table 1]. In a study of Iran was revealed that 28.8% and 24.7% of the mothers had good and low knowledge in diarrhea respectively. (15) Studies in Kenya and in Aligarh were reported the same findings. (16, 17) Attitude was favourable in 75% mothers but only 9.3% of mothers had performed good practice in present study. The mothers knowledge was significantly (p<.5) higher in Islam religion, APL category, secondary or higher educational status of mothers and their husbands, and also the occupation of husband who were in services. No such significant relation was found with age of mothers, family type and no. of children. In a study in Iran, it was found that the knowledge of mothers had significant relation with mother s age, education of husband, no. of children, occupation of mother and source of knowledge. (15) Mothers attitude were significantly related to SES of mothers, educational status mothers and their husbands, and husband s occupation also. Similarly practice of mothers on home care in diarrhea was significantly associated with SES of mothers, educational status mothers and their husbands, and mother s occupation in this study. No relation was found with maternal age, family type and no. of children with regard to attitude and practice of mothers on home care of diarrhea. CONCLUSION: There are gaps in knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers on home care of diarrhea among underfives. It is needed to be addressed through intervention of motivated and skilled peripheral health personnel. SES of mother, educational status and occupation are the associated factors of KAP of the mothers on home care of diarrhea ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: The authors would like to thank the HOD, and faculty members of the Department of Community Medicine, B. S. Medical College, Bankura and all the participants of this study. Author s Contribution: Study concept and design: Eashin Gazi, Aditya Prasad Sarkar, Subhra Samujjwal Basu, Data Analysis and Interpretation: Aniket Chowdhury, Rakesh Kumar, Sanjay Saha. Drafting the Manuscript: Eashin Gazi, Rakesh Kumar, Aniket Chowdhury. Critical version of the manuscript important intellectual content: Aditya Prasad Sarkar, Subhra Samujjwal Basu. REFERENCES: 1. Patel AB, Ovung R, Badhoniya NB, Dibley MJ. Risk factors for predicting diarrheal duration and morbidity in children with acute diarrhea. Indian J Pediatr. 212; 79(4): Park K, Park s Text Book of Preventive and Social Medicine, 22 nd Edition, Jabalpur(India), Banarsidas Bhanot 213; O'Reilly CE, Jaron P, Ochieng B, Nyaguara A, Tate JE, Parsons MB, et al. Risk factors for death among children less than 5 years old hospitalized with diarrhea in rural western Kenya, 25-27: a cohort study. PLoS Med. 212; 9(7): Mengistie B, Berhane Y, Worku A. Predictors of Oral Rehydration Therapy use among under-five children with diarrhea in Eastern Ethiopia: a community based case control study. BMC Public Health. 212; 12(1): 129. J of Evidence Based Med &Hlthcare, pissn , eissn / Vol. 2/Issue 36/Sept. 7, 215 Page 5582

9 DOI: /jebmh/215/ Jones G, Schultink W, Babille M. Child survival in Indian. Indian journal of pediatricts. 26; 73(6): The treatment of diarrhoea, A manual for physicians and other senior health workers, 4 th Revision, World Health Organization, Geneva, Adimora GN, Ikefuna AN, Ilechukwu G. Home management of childhood diarrhoea: need to intensify campaign. Niger J Clin Pract. 211; 14(2): Kaushik Chattopadhyay, Awareness of Oral Rehydration Salt (ORS) among Mothers of Under-Five Children in Kamala Village, West Bengal, India: A Cross-Sectional Study, Florida, USA, Harmeet S R. et al. Mothers need to know more regarding management of childhood acute diarrhea. IJPSM 23; 34(1&2): Mishra CP, Satish Kumar, Tiwari IC. A study on some diarrhea related practices in urban Mirzapur, Indian J Pub Hlth. 199; 34: Kaur P, Singh G. Food practices during diarrhea. IJPH 1994; 38: Sood AK, Kapil U. Knowledge and practices among rural mothers in Haryana about childhood diarrhea. Indian J Pediatr. 199; 57(4): Kolahi AA, Shekarriz R. Maternal knowlege and practice in toward oral rehydration therapy in acute diarrheal in less than five years old children in southern of Tehran. J Trop Infect Dis. 28; 44 (14): Bhatia V, Swami HM, Bhatia M, Bhatia S.Attitudes and practices regarding diarrhea in rural community in Chandigarh. Indian J Pediatr 1999; 66: Ghasemi A. A, Talebian A, Alavi N M, Mousavi G A. Knowledge of Mothers in Management of Diarrhea in Under- Five Children, in Kashan, Iran. Nurs Midwifery Study.213; 1(3): Othero DM, Orago AS, Groenewegen T, Kaseje DO, Otengah PA. Home management of diarrhea among underfives in a rural community in Kenya: household perceptions and practices. East Afr J Public Health. 28; 5(3): Shah MS, Ahmad A, Khalique N, Afzal S, Ansari MA, Khan Z. Homebased management of acute diarrhoeal disease in an urban slum of Aligarh, India. J Infect Dev Ctries. 212; 6(2): J of Evidence Based Med &Hlthcare, pissn , eissn / Vol. 2/Issue 36/Sept. 7, 215 Page 5583

10 DOI: /jebmh/215/772 AUTHORS: 1. Eashin Gazi 2. Aniket Chowdhury 3. Rakesh Kumar 4. Aditya Prasad Sarkar 5. Subhra Samujjwal Basu 6. Sanjay Saha PARTICULARS OF CONTRIBUTORS: 1. Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, KIMS & RF, Amalapuram. 2. Post Graduate Trainee, Department of Community Medicine, BSMC, Bankura. 3. Post Graduate Trainee, Department of Community Medicine, BSMC, Bankura. 4. Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, BSMC, Bankura. 5. Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, BSMC, Bankura. 6. Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, BSMC, Bankura. NAME ADDRESS ID OF THE CORRESPONDING AUTHOR: Dr. Eashin Gazi, NH-214, Chaitanya Health City, Konaseema Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Foundation. Amalapuram 53321, A. P. Date of Submission: 17/8/215. Date of Peer Review: 18/8/215. Date of Acceptance: 2/8/215. Date of Publishing: 3/9/215. J of Evidence Based Med &Hlthcare, pissn , eissn / Vol. 2/Issue 36/Sept. 7, 215 Page 5584

WHO/UNICEF JOINT STATEMENT

WHO/UNICEF JOINT STATEMENT WHO/UNICEF JOINT STATEMENT CLINICAL MANAGEMENT OF ACUTE DIARRHOEA Two recent advances in managing diarrhoeal disease newly formulated oral rehydration salts (ORS) containing lower concentrations of glucose

More information

AWARENESS AND WILLINGNESS OF EYE DONATION AMONG ATTENDANTS OF PATIENTS IN RURAL KARNATAKA Sharath R. Yajaman 1, Sujatha V 2, S.

AWARENESS AND WILLINGNESS OF EYE DONATION AMONG ATTENDANTS OF PATIENTS IN RURAL KARNATAKA Sharath R. Yajaman 1, Sujatha V 2, S. AWARENESS AND WILLINGNESS OF EYE DONATION AMONG ATTENDANTS OF PATIENTS IN RURAL KARNATAKA Sharath R. Yajaman 1, Sujatha V 2, S. Pandu 3 HOW TO CITE THIS ARTICLE: Sharath R. Yajaman, Sujatha V, S. Pandu.

More information

Objectives. What is undernutrition? What is undernutrition? What does undernutrition look like?

Objectives. What is undernutrition? What is undernutrition? What does undernutrition look like? Objectives Basics Jean-Pierre Habicht, MD, PhD Professor Division of Nutritional Sciences Cornell University Types and causes Determinants Consequences Global occurrence and progress Way forward What is

More information

cambodia Maternal, Newborn AND Child Health and Nutrition

cambodia Maternal, Newborn AND Child Health and Nutrition cambodia Maternal, Newborn AND Child Health and Nutrition situation Between 2000 and 2010, Cambodia has made significant progress in improving the health of its children. The infant mortality rate has

More information

Disparities in the Treatment of Childhood Diarrhoea in India. Nisha Malhotra and Nicholas Choy. Abstract

Disparities in the Treatment of Childhood Diarrhoea in India. Nisha Malhotra and Nicholas Choy. Abstract Disparities in the Treatment of Childhood Diarrhoea in India Nisha Malhotra and Nicholas Choy Abstract Despite the severe impact of diarrhoea on children s health and mortality in India, recent surveys

More information

Health Extension Program In Ethiopia. Federal ministry health of Ethiopia Forum on stunting reduction October 24-25,2013 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Health Extension Program In Ethiopia. Federal ministry health of Ethiopia Forum on stunting reduction October 24-25,2013 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Health Extension Program In Ethiopia Federal ministry health of Ethiopia Forum on stunting reduction October 24-25,2013 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Outline Overview on HEP Achievement Challenges The way forward

More information

J of Evolution of Med and Dent Sci/ eissn- 2278-4802, pissn- 2278-4748/ Vol. 3/ Issue 65/Nov 27, 2014 Page 13575

J of Evolution of Med and Dent Sci/ eissn- 2278-4802, pissn- 2278-4748/ Vol. 3/ Issue 65/Nov 27, 2014 Page 13575 EFFECT OF BREATHING EXERCISES ON BIOPHYSIOLOGICAL PARAMETERS AND QUALITY OF LIFE OF PATIENTS WITH COPD AT A TERTIARY CARE CENTRE Sudin Koshy 1, Rugma Pillai S 2 HOW TO CITE THIS ARTICLE: Sudin Koshy, Rugma

More information

Medical termination of pregnancy and subsequent adoption of contraception

Medical termination of pregnancy and subsequent adoption of contraception International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology Shankaraiah RH et al. Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol. 2013 Sep;2(3):367-371 www.ijrcog.org pissn 2320-1770 eissn

More information

pissn: 0976 3325 eissn: 2229 6816

pissn: 0976 3325 eissn: 2229 6816 ORIGINAL ARTICLE KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF POSTNATAL MOTHERS FOR EARLY INITIATION OF BREAST FEEDING IN THE OBSTETRIC WARDS OF A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF VADODARA CITY Bhatt Shwetal 1, Parikh

More information

ORIGINAL ARTICLE. Associate Professor, PSG College of Nursing, Coimbatore 2

ORIGINAL ARTICLE. Associate Professor, PSG College of Nursing, Coimbatore 2 Reviews of Progress ISSN:-2321-3485 ORIGINAL ARTICLE Vol - 1, Issue - 8, June 19 2013 A STUDY TO ASSESS THE EFFECTIVENESS OF VIDEO TEACHING PROGRAMME ON PHYSICAL CARE OF NEWBORN AMONG PRIMIGRAVIDA MOTHERS

More information

Unintended pregnancy and induced abortion in a town with accessible family planning services: The case of Harar in eastern Ethiopia

Unintended pregnancy and induced abortion in a town with accessible family planning services: The case of Harar in eastern Ethiopia Original article Unintended pregnancy and induced abortion in a town with accessible family planning services: The case of Harar in eastern Ethiopia Solomon Worku 1, Mesganaw Fantahun 2 Abstract Introduction:

More information

NO MORE MISSED MDG4 OPPORTUNITIES: OPTIMIZING EXISTING HEALTH PLATFORMS FOR CHILD SURVIVAL. Polio Campaigns

NO MORE MISSED MDG4 OPPORTUNITIES: OPTIMIZING EXISTING HEALTH PLATFORMS FOR CHILD SURVIVAL. Polio Campaigns NO MORE MISSED MDG4 OPPORTUNITIES: OPTIMIZING EXISTING HEALTH PLATFORMS FOR CHILD SURVIVAL Polio Campaigns With fewer than 600 days remaining to the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) deadline, new strategies

More information

Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science Vol. 11 No. 04 Oct 12. Original Article. Keywords: Primi gravid, Knowledge, Breast feeding

Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science Vol. 11 No. 04 Oct 12. Original Article. Keywords: Primi gravid, Knowledge, Breast feeding Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science Vol. 11 No. 04 Oct 12 Original Article Knowledge of breast feeding among primigravida mothers Mohite RV 1, Mohite VR 2, Kakade SV 3 Abstract Background : Breast feeding,

More information

Response of elderly during illness: A rural perspective in India

Response of elderly during illness: A rural perspective in India Response of elderly during illness: A rural perspective in India P A W A N K U M A R G O E L A S S O C I A T E P R O F E S S O R D / O C O M M U N I T Y M E D I C I N E, S H K M G O V T. M E D I C A L

More information

WHO/UNICEF JOINT STATEMENT

WHO/UNICEF JOINT STATEMENT WHO/UNICEF JOINT STATEMENT Integrated Community Case Management (iccm) An equity-focused strategy to improve access to essential treatment services for children This statement presents the latest evidence

More information

Demand Generation to Scale up ORS + Zinc in India Preliminary Market Analysis

Demand Generation to Scale up ORS + Zinc in India Preliminary Market Analysis Demand Generation to Scale up ORS + Zinc in India Preliminary Market Analysis Demand generation efforts should be driven by rigorous analysis of target market and a harmonized approach across stakeholders

More information

Evaluation of Primary immunization coverage in an urban area of Bareilly city using Cluster Sampling Technique

Evaluation of Primary immunization coverage in an urban area of Bareilly city using Cluster Sampling Technique Page10 of Bareilly city using Cluster Sampling Technique Dr. Varsha chaudhary* Dr. Rajeev Kumar**, Dr. V.K.Agarwal*, Dr. H.S.Joshi*,Mr. Mahender Sharma*** *Assistant professor, department of community

More information

Perceptions of State Government stakeholders & researchers regarding public health research priorities in India: An exploratory survey

Perceptions of State Government stakeholders & researchers regarding public health research priorities in India: An exploratory survey Special Report Indian J Med Res 139, February 2014, pp 231-235 Perceptions of State Government stakeholders & researchers regarding public health research priorities in India: An exploratory survey Prabhdeep

More information

Title: Determinants of full child immunization among 12-23 months old in Nigeria Long abstract Morbidity and mortality in children are mainly due to

Title: Determinants of full child immunization among 12-23 months old in Nigeria Long abstract Morbidity and mortality in children are mainly due to Title: Determinants of full child immunization among 12-23 months old in Nigeria Long abstract Morbidity and mortality in children are mainly due to preventable diseases such as measles, poliomyelitis,

More information

Child Survival and Equity: A Global Overview

Child Survival and Equity: A Global Overview Child Survival and Equity: A Global Overview Abdelmajid Tibouti, Ph.D. Senior Adviser UNICEF New York Consultation on Equity in Access to Quality Health Care For Women and Children 7 11 April 2008 Halong

More information

INDICATOR REGION WORLD

INDICATOR REGION WORLD SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA INDICATOR REGION WORLD Demographic indicators Total population (2006) 748,886,000 6,577,236,000 Population under 18 (2006) 376,047,000 2,212,024,000 Population under 5 (2006) 125,254,000

More information

INDICATOR REGION WORLD

INDICATOR REGION WORLD SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA INDICATOR REGION WORLD Demographic indicators Total population (2005) 713,457,000 6,449,371,000 Population under 18 (2005) 361,301,000 2,183,143,000 Population under 5 (2005) 119,555,000

More information

Assessment of Breast Feeding Practices among Mothers of Cleft Lip and Palate Babies

Assessment of Breast Feeding Practices among Mothers of Cleft Lip and Palate Babies Assessment of Breast Feeding Practices among Mothers of Cleft Lip and Palate Babies Pravisha Pandey 1, Mukta Singh 2 1 Research Scholar, SHIATS, Allahabad, U.P., India 2 Assistant professor, BHU, Varanasi,

More information

The Situation of Children and Women in Iraq

The Situation of Children and Women in Iraq The Situation of Children and Women in Iraq Highlights from the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 4 (MICS 4) 2011 Demographics - Population of Iraq: 33.4 million - Children and Adolescents (0-18): 16.6

More information

Immunization Status of Children Admitted to a Tertiary-care Hospital of North India: Reasons for Partial Immunization or Non-immunization

Immunization Status of Children Admitted to a Tertiary-care Hospital of North India: Reasons for Partial Immunization or Non-immunization J HEALTH POPUL NUTR 21 June;28(3):3-34 ISSN 1-997 $ 5.+.2 INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR DIARRHOEAL DISEASE RESEARCH, BANGLADESH SHORT REPORT Immunization Status of Children Admitted to a Tertiary-care Hospital

More information

COST OF HEALTH CARE- A STUDY OF UNORGANISED LABOUR IN DELHI. K.S.Nair*

COST OF HEALTH CARE- A STUDY OF UNORGANISED LABOUR IN DELHI. K.S.Nair* Health and Population -Perspectives and Issues: 24 (2): 88-98, 2001 COST OF HEALTH CARE- A STUDY OF UNORGANISED LABOUR IN DELHI K.S.Nair* ABSTRACT The study attempts to estimate the economic burden of

More information

HEALTH TRANSITION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN SRI LANKA LESSONS OF THE PAST AND EMERGING ISSUES

HEALTH TRANSITION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN SRI LANKA LESSONS OF THE PAST AND EMERGING ISSUES HEALTH TRANSITION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN SRI LANKA LESSONS OF THE PAST AND EMERGING ISSUES Dr. Godfrey Gunatilleke, Sri Lanka How the Presentation is Organized An Overview of the Health Transition in Sri

More information

Social Marketing and Breastfeeding

Social Marketing and Breastfeeding Global Journal of Management and Business Studies. ISSN 2248-9878 Volume 3, Number 3 (2013), pp. 303-308 Research India Publications http://www.ripublication.com/gjmbs.htm Social Marketing and Breastfeeding

More information

Child and Maternal Nutrition in Bangladesh

Child and Maternal Nutrition in Bangladesh Child and Maternal Nutrition in Bangladesh KEY STATISTICS Nutrition % of the population Malnutrition, in children (birth to 59 months) Wasting (weight-for-height) 17.4 2 Stunting (height-for-age) 43.2

More information

Prevalance of abuse and Social Neglect among Mentally ill patients admitted in selected Hospitals of Northern India

Prevalance of abuse and Social Neglect among Mentally ill patients admitted in selected Hospitals of Northern India Prevalance of abuse and Social Neglect among Mentally ill patients admitted in selected Hospitals of Northern India Jasbir Kaur,* Gagandeep Kaur, Avneet Kaur Abstract :The comparative study was conducted

More information

Prevalence and Factors Affecting the Utilisation of Health Insurance among Families of Rural Karnataka, India

Prevalence and Factors Affecting the Utilisation of Health Insurance among Families of Rural Karnataka, India ISSN: 2347-3215 Volume 2 Number 8 (August-2014) pp. 132-137 www.ijcrar.com Prevalence and Factors Affecting the Utilisation of Health Insurance among Families of Rural Karnataka, India B.Ramakrishna Goud

More information

Awareness of HIV/ AIDS among newly admitted nursing students

Awareness of HIV/ AIDS among newly admitted nursing students Awareness of HIV/ AIDS among newly admitted nursing students Suresh K. Sharma, Kuldeep Kaur, Manpreet Kaur Abstract : A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the awareness of HIV/AIDS among 100

More information

SRI LANKA SRI LANKA 187

SRI LANKA SRI LANKA 187 SRI LANKA 187 List of Country Indicators Selected Demographic Indicators Selected demographic indicators Child Mortality and Nutritional Status Neonatal, infant and under-five mortality rates: trends Distribution

More information

Indian Journal of Basic and Applied Medical Research; March 2015: Vol.-4, Issue- 2, P. 242-249

Indian Journal of Basic and Applied Medical Research; March 2015: Vol.-4, Issue- 2, P. 242-249 Original article Knowledge, attitude & practices amongst substance abusers regarding their efforts to curb substance indulgence in urban slums of Amritsar city *Dr. Shivesh Devgan, **Dr.Shyam Sunder Deepti,

More information

Global Health Research Internship 2016 in Boston

Global Health Research Internship 2016 in Boston 801 Massachusetts Ave, Crosstown 2079 Boston, MA 02118-2335 Tel: 617-414-6933 E-mail: Karsten.Lunze@post.harvard.edu Karsten Lunze, MD, MPH, DrPH, FACPM, FAAP Research Assistant Professor of Medicine Global

More information

Cholera: mechanism for control and prevention

Cholera: mechanism for control and prevention SIXTY-FOURTH WORLD HEALTH ASSEMBLY A64/18 Provisional agenda item 13.9 17 March 2011 Cholera: mechanism for control and prevention Report by the Secretariat 1. Cholera is an acute enteric infection characterized

More information

SUMMARY TABLE OF FINDINGS Sudan Household Health Survey (SHHS) and Millennium Development Goals (MDG) indicators, Sudan, 2006

SUMMARY TABLE OF FINDINGS Sudan Household Health Survey (SHHS) and Millennium Development Goals (MDG) indicators, Sudan, 2006 SUMMARY TABLE OF FINDINGS Sudan Household Health Survey (SHHS) and Millennium Development Goals (MDG) indicators, Sudan, 2006 Topic CHILD MORTALITY Child mortality SHHS indicator number MDG indicator number

More information

Girls education the facts

Girls education the facts Education for All Global Monitoring Report Fact Sheet October 2013 Girls education the facts Millions of girls around the world are still being denied an education PRIMARY SCHOOL: There are still 31 million

More information

Management of Children with Severe Acute Malnutrition: Experience of Nutrition Rehabilitation Centers in Uttar Pradesh, India

Management of Children with Severe Acute Malnutrition: Experience of Nutrition Rehabilitation Centers in Uttar Pradesh, India R E S E A R C H P A P E R Management of Children with Severe Acute Malnutrition: Experience of Nutrition Rehabilitation Centers in Uttar Pradesh, India K SINGH, N BADGAIYAN, *A RANJAN, # HO DIXIT, $ A

More information

INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF CHILDHOOD ILLNESS (IMCI) Planning, Implementing and Evaluating Pre-Service Training

INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF CHILDHOOD ILLNESS (IMCI) Planning, Implementing and Evaluating Pre-Service Training INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF CHILDHOOD ILLNESS (IMCI) Planning, Implementing and Evaluating Pre-Service Training WORKING DRAFT: AUGUST 2001 Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development (CAH) Family

More information

MEASURING THE SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS OF URBAN BELOW POVERTY LINE FAMILIES IN IMPHAL CITY, MANIPUR: A LIVELIHOODS STUDY

MEASURING THE SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS OF URBAN BELOW POVERTY LINE FAMILIES IN IMPHAL CITY, MANIPUR: A LIVELIHOODS STUDY MEASURING THE SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS OF URBAN BELOW POVERTY LINE FAMILIES IN IMPHAL CITY, MANIPUR: A LIVELIHOODS STUDY DR. G.R. RATHOD*; MR. ATHING NINGSHEN** *Director, Social Sciences Centre, Bharati Vidyapeeth

More information

Blood donation awareness and beliefs among medical and nursing students

Blood donation awareness and beliefs among medical and nursing students Research Article Blood donation awareness and beliefs among medical and nursing students Suchetha Singh, Muninarayana Chandrappa, Mahesh Venkatesha, Anil NS Department of Community Medicine, Sri Devaraj

More information

Master of Science in Human Nutrition and Dietetics Justification of the need for the programme Goal of the Programme

Master of Science in Human Nutrition and Dietetics Justification of the need for the programme Goal of the Programme Master of Science in Human Nutrition and Dietetics Justification of the need for the programme The nutrition landscape has shifted fundamentally since 2008. The launch of Scaling-Up Nutrition (SUN) movement

More information

GERIATRIC DEPRESSION SCALE: A TOOL TO ASSESS DEPRESSION IN ELDERLY

GERIATRIC DEPRESSION SCALE: A TOOL TO ASSESS DEPRESSION IN ELDERLY RESEARCH ARTICLE GERIATRIC DEPRESSION SCALE: A TOOL TO ASSESS DEPRESSION IN ELDERLY Pracheth R, Mayur SS, Chowti JV Department of Community Medicine, SDM College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Sattur,

More information

AWARENESS AND PRACTICES ABOUT BIO-MEDICAL WASTE AMONG HEALTH CARE WORKERS IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF HALDWANI, NAINITAL

AWARENESS AND PRACTICES ABOUT BIO-MEDICAL WASTE AMONG HEALTH CARE WORKERS IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF HALDWANI, NAINITAL ORIGINAL ARTICLE AWARENESS AND PRACTICES ABOUT BIO-MEDICAL WASTE AMONG HEALTH CARE WORKERS IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OF HALDWANI, NAINITAL Mukesh Kumar 1, Rajesh Kumar Singh 2, Umesh 3, Vinita Rawat 4

More information

AWARENESS OF HEALTH INSURANCE IN A SOUTH INDIAN POPULATION A COMMUNITY-BASED STUDY

AWARENESS OF HEALTH INSURANCE IN A SOUTH INDIAN POPULATION A COMMUNITY-BASED STUDY Health and Population- Perspectives and Issues 30 (3): 177-188, 2007 AWARENESS OF HEALTH INSURANCE IN A SOUTH INDIAN POPULATION A COMMUNITY-BASED STUDY B. Reshmi*, N. Sreekumaran Nair**, K.M. Sabu*** and

More information

UNICEF Perspectives on Integrated Community Case Mangement (iccm) scale up across Africa

UNICEF Perspectives on Integrated Community Case Mangement (iccm) scale up across Africa UNICEF Perspectives on Integrated Community Case Mangement (iccm) scale up across Africa Valentina Buj, Malaria Health Specialist, UNICEF MMV Access Meeting, Dar Es Salaam 03 June 2011 Integrated Community

More information

DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIOECONOMIC DETERMINANTS OF SCHOOL ATTENDANCE: AN ANALYSIS OF HOUSEHOLD SURVEY DATA

DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIOECONOMIC DETERMINANTS OF SCHOOL ATTENDANCE: AN ANALYSIS OF HOUSEHOLD SURVEY DATA BACKGROUND PAPER FOR FIXING THE BROKEN PROMISE OF EDUCATION FOR ALL DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIOECONOMIC DETERMINANTS OF SCHOOL ATTENDANCE: AN ANALYSIS OF HOUSEHOLD SURVEY DATA By Hiroyuki Hattori, UNICEF This

More information

Biomedical Waste Management: A study of knowledge, attitude and practice among health care personnel at tertiary care hospital in Rajkot

Biomedical Waste Management: A study of knowledge, attitude and practice among health care personnel at tertiary care hospital in Rajkot Original Article Biomedical Waste Management: A study of knowledge, attitude and practice among health care personnel at tertiary care hospital in Rajkot Rajesh K Chudasama*, Matib Rangoonwala**, Ankit

More information

Epidemiology of hypertension and its risk factors in a village of west Bengal

Epidemiology of hypertension and its risk factors in a village of west Bengal Original Research Paper IJRRMS 03;3(3) Epidemiology of hypertension and its risk factors in a village of west Bengal Basu G, Biswas S ABSTRACT Background: Hypertension is a leading public health problem

More information

Exclusive breastfeeding: The only water source young infants need

Exclusive breastfeeding: The only water source young infants need Benefits of breastfeeding Handout 2.3 Exclusive breastfeeding: The only water source young infants need FA Sheet 5 Frequently Asked uestions (FA) October 2002 Healthy newborns enter the world well hydrated

More information

MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH

MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH 9 George Kichamu, Jones N. Abisi, and Lydia Karimurio This chapter presents findings from key areas in maternal and child health namely, antenatal, postnatal and delivery care,

More information

TELEMEDICINE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. Norm Archer, Ph.D. Information Systems Dept. and ehealth Program McMaster University

TELEMEDICINE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. Norm Archer, Ph.D. Information Systems Dept. and ehealth Program McMaster University TELEMEDICINE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Norm Archer, Ph.D. Information Systems Dept. and ehealth Program McMaster University INTRODUCTION Telemedicine in developing countries is a tool of Global Health Global

More information

Welcome to Angkor Hospital for Children, Siem Reap, Cambodia. SOM SOPHAL Director of Nursing Angkor Hospital for Children

Welcome to Angkor Hospital for Children, Siem Reap, Cambodia. SOM SOPHAL Director of Nursing Angkor Hospital for Children Welcome to Angkor Hospital for Children, Siem Reap, Cambodia SOM SOPHAL Director of Nursing Angkor Hospital for Children Contents: 1. Cambodian mapping 2. Background/recent history 3. Health care system

More information

TERMS OF REFERENCE Health and Hygiene Promotion Approaches for Namibia Technical Assistance

TERMS OF REFERENCE Health and Hygiene Promotion Approaches for Namibia Technical Assistance 1. Summary Title Purpose TERMS OF REFERENCE Health and Hygiene Promotion Approaches for Namibia Technical Assistance Health and Hygiene Promotion (HHP) Approaches for Namibia To develop a common approach

More information

MALARIA A MAJOR CAUSE OF CHILD DEATH AND POVERTY IN AFRICA

MALARIA A MAJOR CAUSE OF CHILD DEATH AND POVERTY IN AFRICA MALARIA A MAJOR CAUSE OF CHILD DEATH AND POVERTY IN AFRICA CONTROLLING THE MALARIA BURDEN IN AFRICA KEY ACTIONS FOR UNICEF Strengthen UNICEF input to evidence-based antenatal services Forge partnership

More information

PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS FOR PSYCHIATRIC COMORBIDITY IN PATIENTS WITH ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE SYNDROME Davis Manuel 1, Linus Francis 2, K. S.

PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS FOR PSYCHIATRIC COMORBIDITY IN PATIENTS WITH ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE SYNDROME Davis Manuel 1, Linus Francis 2, K. S. PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS FOR PSYCHIATRIC COMORBIDITY IN PATIENTS WITH ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE SYNDROME Davis Manuel 1, Linus Francis 2, K. S. Shaji 3 HOW TO CITE THIS ARTICLE: Davis Manuel, Linus Francis,

More information

Summary. Accessibility and utilisation of health services in Ghana 245

Summary. Accessibility and utilisation of health services in Ghana 245 Summary The thesis examines the factors that impact on access and utilisation of health services in Ghana. The utilisation behaviour of residents of a typical urban and a typical rural district are used

More information

Internship at the Centers for Diseases Control

Internship at the Centers for Diseases Control Internship at the Centers for Diseases Control Survey method to assess reproductive health of refugees Edith Roset Bahmanyar International Emergency Refugee Health Branch (IERHB) Division of Emergency

More information

SUMMARY- REPORT on CAUSES of DEATH: 2001-03 in INDIA

SUMMARY- REPORT on CAUSES of DEATH: 2001-03 in INDIA SUMMARY- REPORT on CAUSES of DEATH: 2001-03 in INDIA Background: Long-term mortality measurement by cause, gender and geographic area has been the requirement of every country. With this in view, Medical

More information

Patient Satisfaction Survey in Inpatients of a Tertiary care Teaching Hospital

Patient Satisfaction Survey in Inpatients of a Tertiary care Teaching Hospital IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences (IOSR-JDMS) e-issn: 2279-0853, p-issn: 2279-0861.Volume 13, Issue 11 Ver. II (Nov. 2014), PP 01-06 Patient Satisfaction Survey in Inpatients of a Tertiary care

More information

Utkarsh Gupta 1, Dr. Richa Sinha 2

Utkarsh Gupta 1, Dr. Richa Sinha 2 IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM) e-issn: 2278-487X, p-issn: 2319-7668. Volume 17, Issue 2.Ver. I (Feb. 2015), PP 13-17 www.iosrjournals.org A Comparative Study on Factors Affecting Consumer

More information

The Public Health Crisis in Kenya: and Economic Challenges

The Public Health Crisis in Kenya: and Economic Challenges The Public Health Crisis in Kenya: An Inside Perspective on the Medical and Economic Challenges Mark Weisburst, MD, MBA, FACC, FACP Stanford Medical School Hartford Hospital University of Hartford Business

More information

Income is the most common measure

Income is the most common measure Income Goal A healthy standard of living for all Income is the most common measure of socioeconomic status, and a strong predictor of the health of an individual or community. When assessing the health

More information

Emphasis Behaviors in Maternal and Child Health

Emphasis Behaviors in Maternal and Child Health - --"'-- TECHNICAL --- REPORT \ Emphasis Behaviors in Maternal and Child Health Focusing on Caretaker Behaviors to Develop Maternal and Child Health Programs in Communities John Murray Gabriella Newes

More information

ZINC SAVES KIDS: THIRD YEAR PROGRESS REPORT PERU

ZINC SAVES KIDS: THIRD YEAR PROGRESS REPORT PERU ZINC SAVES KIDS: THIRD YEAR PROGRESS REPORT PERU The report highlights the significant progress made during the reporting period June 2012 June 2013. This period marks the third year of the UNICEF-IZA

More information

Home Health Education Programme Thatta - Pakistan

Home Health Education Programme Thatta - Pakistan Home Health Education Programme Thatta - Pakistan Programme Update July 2014-April 2015 Supported by: Association of Medical Doctors of Asia (AMDA) Funded by: Chigasaki -Chuo Rotary Club (CCRC)-Japan Implemented

More information

Delay among women reporting symptoms of Breast cancer P B V R Kumari 1, C S E Goonewardena 2

Delay among women reporting symptoms of Breast cancer P B V R Kumari 1, C S E Goonewardena 2 Delay among women reporting symptoms of Breast cancer P B V R Kumari 1, C S E Goonewardena 2 Abstract Objective To describe factors related to timing of first contact with an allopathic medical practitioner,

More information

M. Sc. Epidemiology. Recognised Bachelor s Degree in any branch of Health sciences by respective councils.

M. Sc. Epidemiology. Recognised Bachelor s Degree in any branch of Health sciences by respective councils. M. Sc. Epidemiology Preamble: Epidemiology is very valuable in all branches of Health Sciences. Knowledge of epidemiology in live sciences like Medicine, Dentistry, Nursing, Physiotherapy etc. can be imparted

More information

GLOBAL HEALTH ESSENTIAL CORE COMPETENCIES

GLOBAL HEALTH ESSENTIAL CORE COMPETENCIES GLOBAL HEALTH ESSENTIAL CORE COMPETENCIES All medical graduates should understand the major factors that influence the health of individuals and populations worldwide. They should have a basic understanding

More information

Archive of SID. Awareness of Consumer Protection Act among Doctors in Udaipur City, India. www.sid.ir. K. Singh 1

Archive of SID. Awareness of Consumer Protection Act among Doctors in Udaipur City, India. www.sid.ir. K. Singh 1 Original Article Awareness of Consumer Protection Act among Doctors in Udaipur City, India K. Singh 1, S. Shetty 2, N. Bhat 3, A. Sharda 4, A. Agrawal 1, H. Chaudhary 1 1 Postgraduate Student, Department

More information

EVERY MONGOLIAN CHILD HAS THE RIGHT ÒO HEALTHY GROWTH

EVERY MONGOLIAN CHILD HAS THE RIGHT ÒO HEALTHY GROWTH ÞÍÈÑÅÔ IECD project, Health and Nutrition, UNICEF EVERY MONGOLIAN CHILD HAS THE RIGHT ÒO HEALTHY GROWTH FACTS AND FIGURES Inside: Infant and Under-Five Mortality Child Malnutrition Vitamin A Deficiency

More information

The Effects of Education on Formula and Bottle Feeding Behaviors of Nursing Mothers Based on PRECEDE Model

The Effects of Education on Formula and Bottle Feeding Behaviors of Nursing Mothers Based on PRECEDE Model Original Article Com Iran J Pediatr Dec 2009; Vol 19 (No 4), Pp:359-366 The Effects of Education on Formula and Bottle Feeding Behaviors of Nursing Mothers Based on PRECEDE Model Mohammad-Hossein Baghianimoghadam*,

More information

THE IMPACT OF A COMMUNITY BASED HEALTH EDUCATION PROGRAM ON THE INCIDENCE OF DIARRHEAL DISEASE IN SOUTHERN THAILAND

THE IMPACT OF A COMMUNITY BASED HEALTH EDUCATION PROGRAM ON THE INCIDENCE OF DIARRHEAL DISEASE IN SOUTHERN THAILAND THE IMPACT OF A COMMUNITY BASED HEALTH EDUCATION PROGRAM ON THE INCIDENCE OF DIARRHEAL DISEASE IN SOUTHERN THAILAND Wiwat Leel, John Stoeckel2, Porntip Jintaganont3, Tipawan Romanarak4 and Sumonda Kullavanijaya

More information

Testimony of Henry B. Perry, MD, PhD, MPH Senior Associate, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Testimony of Henry B. Perry, MD, PhD, MPH Senior Associate, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Testimony of Henry B. Perry, MD, PhD, MPH Senior Associate, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Congressional Hearing: The First One Thousand Days of Life

More information

Economic Development in Ethiopia

Economic Development in Ethiopia Economic Development in Ethiopia Ethiopia has one of the world s fastest growing economies During the past four-year implementation period of the GTP Ethiopian economy has shown a 10.1 per cent growth

More information

Comparison of under-nutrition among children aged 1-5 years using WHO and NCHS growth charts

Comparison of under-nutrition among children aged 1-5 years using WHO and NCHS growth charts Al Am een J Med Sci 2014; 7(4):299-306 US National Library of Medicine enlisted journal ISSN 0974-1143 ORIGI NAL ARTICLE C O D E N : A A J MB G Comparison of under-nutrition among children aged 1-5 years

More information

Improving Clinical Management of Newborns at Hospitals to Reduce Neonatal Deaths

Improving Clinical Management of Newborns at Hospitals to Reduce Neonatal Deaths Improving Clinical Management of Newborns at Hospitals to Reduce Neonatal Deaths Bridging the Research-Policy Divide Australian National University (ANU) Canberra BUN Sreng Department of Communicable Disease

More information

A STUDY ON FACTORS AFFECTING CUSTOMERS INVESTMENT TOWARDS LIFE INSURANCE POLICIES

A STUDY ON FACTORS AFFECTING CUSTOMERS INVESTMENT TOWARDS LIFE INSURANCE POLICIES 106 A STUDY ON FACTORS AFFECTING CUSTOMERS INVESTMENT TOWARDS LIFE INSURANCE POLICIES ABSTRACT MS. BABITA YADAV*; DR. ANSHUJA TIWARI** *Research Scholar, Faculty of Commerce, R.D.V.V, Jabalpur. **Assistant

More information

Home visits for the newborn child: a strategy to improve survival

Home visits for the newborn child: a strategy to improve survival WHO/UNICEF Joint Statement Home visits for the newborn child: a strategy to improve survival Every year, about 3.7 million babies die in the first four weeks of life (2004 estimates). Most of these newborns

More information

Utilization of Maternal Health Services in Slums of Rajasthan

Utilization of Maternal Health Services in Slums of Rajasthan International Journal of New Technology and Research (IJNTR) ISSN:2454-4116, Volume-1, Issue-8, December 2015 Pages 76-81 Utilization of Maternal Health Services in Slums of Rajasthan Arvind Singhal Abstract

More information

3- Work Experiences: Head of a rural Health Center as a General Physician(for less than 1 year).

3- Work Experiences: Head of a rural Health Center as a General Physician(for less than 1 year). In the name of God Dr Chaman CV 1- Identifying information: First name: Reza Last name: Chaman Birth date: 1971 Work Place address: Shahroud University of Medical Sciences ( Assistant professor of Epidemiology,

More information

Male Nurses: The Perspectives of the Hospitalized Children s Mothers

Male Nurses: The Perspectives of the Hospitalized Children s Mothers International Journal of Caring Sciences September-December 2015 Volume 8 Issue 3 Page 729 Original Article Male Nurses: The Perspectives of the Hospitalized Children s Mothers Esra Tural Buyuk, RN, PhD

More information

Submission to Australian Government Productivity Commission Allison Slykerman 29.8.10

Submission to Australian Government Productivity Commission Allison Slykerman 29.8.10 Submission to Australian Government Productivity Commission Allison Slykerman 29.8.10 1. Introduction My name is Allison Slykerman and I have practiced as a maternal and child health nurse in Victoria

More information

Zeritu Dewana 1, Teshale Fikadu 1*, Abebe G/ Mariam 2 and Misra Abdulahi 2

Zeritu Dewana 1, Teshale Fikadu 1*, Abebe G/ Mariam 2 and Misra Abdulahi 2 Dewana et al. Reproductive Health (2016) 13:11 DOI 10.1186/s12978-016-0125-0 RESEARCH Client perspective assessment of women s satisfaction towards labour and delivery care service in public health facilities

More information

Rwanda 2000. Nutrition of Young Children and Mothers. l Office National de la Population U.S. Agency for International Development ORC Macro

Rwanda 2000. Nutrition of Young Children and Mothers. l Office National de la Population U.S. Agency for International Development ORC Macro TWONGERE UMUSARURO TUBYARE TURERE DUHARANIRE IMIBEREHO MYIZA Y'ABATURAGE Nutrition of Young Children and Mothers Rwanda 2000 l Office National de la Population U.S. Agency for International Development

More information

Progress and prospects

Progress and prospects Ending CHILD MARRIAGE Progress and prospects UNICEF/BANA213-182/Kiron The current situation Worldwide, more than 7 million women alive today were married before their 18th birthday. More than one in three

More information

Unit Overview: Child Survival: A Global Challenge www.teachunicef.org 25

Unit Overview: Child Survival: A Global Challenge www.teachunicef.org 25 Unit 2: Simple, Affordable, Effective Solutions Unit Overview: In this Unit students will: Learn about the main causes of preventable deaths for children under five; Become familiar with readily available

More information

Water: Unifying theme for multi-sectoral programs in Madagascar

Water: Unifying theme for multi-sectoral programs in Madagascar Madagascar Water: Unifying theme for multi-sectoral programs in Madagascar Presented by: Fara Raharisolo Health Population & Nutrition Office Contact: fraharisolo@usaid.gov DIORANO-WASH Platform (Part

More information

Prevalence of dental caries among school-going children in South India

Prevalence of dental caries among school-going children in South India Research Article Prevalence of dental caries among school-going children in South India Rajesh SS, Venkatesh P Department of Community Medicine, Sri Siddhartha Medical College, Tumkur, Karnataka, India.

More information

TRANSITIONAL GOVERNMENT OF

TRANSITIONAL GOVERNMENT OF HEALTH POLICY OF THE TRANSITIONAL GOVERNMENT OF ETHIOPIA Sept. 1993 HEALTH POLICY OF THE TRANSITIONAL GOVERNMENT OF ETHIOPIA PREAMBLE Ethipoia, an ancient country with a rich diversity of peoples and cultures

More information

MATARA. Geographic location 4 (2006-07) Distribution of population by wealth quintiles (%), 2006-07 27.3 21.4 12.9 23.7 14.8. Source: DHS 2006-07

MATARA. Geographic location 4 (2006-07) Distribution of population by wealth quintiles (%), 2006-07 27.3 21.4 12.9 23.7 14.8. Source: DHS 2006-07 Ministry of Health MATARA DEMOGRAPHICS Total population 822, (28) L and area (Sq. Km) 1,27 (26) under-five (%) 9.2 (26-7) 1 Females in reproductive age group (%) 2 5.1 (26-7) 1 Estimated housing units

More information

Infant Mortality and Maternal Mortality in Lao PDR

Infant Mortality and Maternal Mortality in Lao PDR Infant Mortality and Maternal Mortality in Lao PDR Presented by: Dr Somchith Akkhavong Deputy Director Department of Hygiene and Prevention Ministry of Health, Vientiane Capital Lao PDR GFMER - WHO - UNFPA

More information

National Family Health Survey-3 reported, low fullimmunization coverage rates in Andhra Pradesh, India: who is to be blamed?

National Family Health Survey-3 reported, low fullimmunization coverage rates in Andhra Pradesh, India: who is to be blamed? Journal of Public Health Advance Access published March 15, 2011 Journal of Public Health pp. 1 7 doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdr022 National Family Health Survey-3 reported, low fullimmunization coverage rates

More information

1 Assistant Professor, 2 Associate Professor, 3 Professor 1, 2, 3 Department of Pediatrics, PDU Medical College, Rajkot, Gujarat, India.

1 Assistant Professor, 2 Associate Professor, 3 Professor 1, 2, 3 Department of Pediatrics, PDU Medical College, Rajkot, Gujarat, India. Original Research Article A study of weight gain pattern and associated factors in the children with severe acute malnutrition in a hospital based nutritional rehabilitation ward Mitulkumar B. Kalathia

More information

KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF MOTHERS TOWARDS JANANI SURAKSHA YOJANA IN A SELECTED RURAL AREA OF MANGALORE, D.K., KARNATAKA

KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF MOTHERS TOWARDS JANANI SURAKSHA YOJANA IN A SELECTED RURAL AREA OF MANGALORE, D.K., KARNATAKA ISSN: 96-33 Available Online at http://www.recentscientific.com International Journal of Recent Scientific Research Vol. 6, Issue, 4, pp.346-34, April, RESEARCH ARTICLE KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF MOTHERS

More information

Policyholder s Satisfaction of Private Life Insurance Companies With Reference To Tirupur District, Tamilnadu

Policyholder s Satisfaction of Private Life Insurance Companies With Reference To Tirupur District, Tamilnadu International Journal of Computational Engineering Research Vol, 03 Issue, 9 Policyholder s Satisfaction of Private Life Insurance Companies With Reference To Tirupur District, Tamilnadu Dr.N.Kathirvel*

More information

POPULATION 38,610,097 MILLION

POPULATION 38,610,097 MILLION OVERVIEW OF Kenya Overview of Kenya YEAR OF 1963 INDEPENDENCE POPULATION 38,610,097 MILLION Languages English, Kiswahili and 42 ethnic languages Under-five Mortality Rate: 85 per 1,000 live births. Kenya

More information

C-IMCI Program Guidance. Community-based Integrated Management of Childhood Illness

C-IMCI Program Guidance. Community-based Integrated Management of Childhood Illness C-IMCI Program Guidance Community-based Integrated Management of Childhood Illness January 2009 Summary This document provides an overview of the Community-based Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses

More information

Clients Viewpoints about the Quality of Services in the Premarital Counseling Classes in Tabriz Health Centers

Clients Viewpoints about the Quality of Services in the Premarital Counseling Classes in Tabriz Health Centers www.ijpm.in www.ijpm.ir Clients Viewpoints about the Quality of Services in the Premarital Counseling Classes in Tabriz Health Centers Parvin Mohebbi, Padide Malekpour, Mahin Kamalifard 1, Shirin Barzanje

More information