1 WEST > EAST Transfer and implementation of drug/ alcohol interventions in Bulgaria Andrey Momchilov, IGA, Bulgaria
3 My organization: Crime Prevention Fund IGA, Bulgaria
5 Probation in Bulgaria Establishment Law for Amendments of the Penal Code passed on the 27th of September Law for Execution of Penalties - 23rd of November Probation is a combination of restrictive measures for control and influence without deprivation of liberty that are imposed together or separately (Art. 42a, Par. 1 from the Penal Code). Probation measures are imposed on persons who have committed crimes defined by relatively low public impact, for which the Penal Code envisages deprivation of liberty for up to three years.
6 Prison Probation 2005 start of reforms 2005 probation service established 2006 structured risk assessment introduced (OASYS) 2007 program approach adopted programs introduced 2010 piloting electronic monitoring and pre-sentence reports
7 year jobs employed staff vacant positions
8 Number of persons sentenced to probation for the period
9 Article # % Crime for which convicted 343b ,95 driving while intoxicated ,64 theft 343c 729 5,48 driving with suspended licence ,08 theft when damages repaired in advance ,60 aggravated theft ,83 hooliganism ,34 assault with mid-level physical harm inflicted ,11 traffic accident w/ harm sustained by the victim ,98 damage to property ,71 failure to pay aliments ,59 illegal possession of firearms and munitions
10 Percentage of sentenced persons as per length of probation Blue=6m; Red=6-12m; Green=1-2y; Purple=2-3y.
11 Offenders with support measures Vocational training Courses Public impact Programmes
12 PROGRAMS Thinking Skills Drink Impaired Drivers Programme for Training of Communication and Social Skills Anger Management Literacy and Numeracy Employment Drug and/or Alcohol Abusing Offenders
13 DRUGS/ ALCOHOL PROGRAMS Name: Short-term drugs use harm reduction program Setting: Prison Target group: Drug addicted prisoners in the period immediately before release from prison Short info: Cognitive-behavior program, intensive, group work, consists of 20 3-hour sessions running every day for 20 days, concludes with several individual sessions. Statistics (2009): Total: 11 prisons, 204 clients (20 % of all prisoners with drugs problems)
14 DRUGS/ ALCOHOL PROGRAMS Name: Mid-term addiction treatment in Bulgarian prisons Setting: Prison Target group: Drug/ alcohol addicted offenders Short info: Cognitive-behavior program, long-term, implemented in two phases and 48 group and individual sessions Statistics (2009): Total: 3 prisons, 37 clients (3,5 % of all prisoners with drugs problems)
15 DRUGS/ ALCOHOL PROGRAMS Name: Drunk Impaired Drivers Setting: Probation Target group: Offenders sentenced to probation for crimes under Art. 343b, l.1 of the Penal Code Short info: Cognitive-behavior, mid-term, implemented individually or in groups Statistics (2009): The total number of clients in 2010 is 263 (completed)
16 Legal framework Penal Code Execution of Penalties Act NB!! What about standards, and detailed regulations?
17 PROGRAM ORIGIN Short-term drugs use harm reduction program UK origin Mid-term addiction treatment in Bulgarian prisons program UK s 12 step program NB!! Issues with content Drunk Driving UK s DIDS NB!! Issues with the text
18 PROGRAM LEADERS Prison: social worker or psychologist Probation: probation inspector with social work, psychology or pedagogy background. NB!! Clear issue with conflicting tasks Training and motivation NB!! Lack of enough training
19 CLIENTS Assessment NB!! Issues with sentencing Criteria for involvement NB!! Issues with some criteria Motivation
20 FUNDING AND EQUIPMENT Venues Equipment Materials NB!! Issues with budgeting
21 EVALUATION Reconviction rates? Risk variations? Perception of program leaders and offenders?
22 CAPACITY BUILDING Legal framework improvement Staff training and motivation Improve court communication Package interventions for multiple needs Improve partnerships Improve programs Improve setting Improve the evaluation
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