1 v Electromagnetic Radiation and Health C4ST Citizens for Safe Technology C4ST
2 On May 31st, 2011, the World Health Organization classified radio frequency electromagnetic fields as a possibly carcinogenic to humans (Class 2B)
3 Wi-Fi uses microwave radiation (also referred as radio frequency radiation) at two different frequencies 2.4 and 5.8 GHz. The 2.4 GHz is similar to that used in a microwave oven.
4 WHAT IS ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR) is emitted by multiple everyday wireless technology sources. EMR generated and emitted by wireless technologies is an invisible and insensible environmental pollutant. Many studies exist that challenge the aged theory that EMR 1 is only harmful at certain levels. A significant and growing percentage of our population suffer ill health effects caused by emissions from everyday wireless devices and infrastructure. 1 Various terminology exists for EMR: non-ionizing radiation, microwave radiation, electromagnetic fields (EMF), radiofrequency energy, and others
6 OUTDATED GOVERNMENT POSITIONS The Radio Telecommunications Act regulates cell towers and antennae through Industry Canada(IC) which does not require public notification or consultation when: New towers/antennas are less than 15 metres in height. The antenna is added to an existing structure (e.g., pole, building, church, hospital, school). When IC allows public involvement, comments are restricted to impacts from infrastructure appearance, security and construction When IC depends on Safety Code 6 there is no protection for the health of the public. Provincial medical health officers state there is no convincing evidence that exposure to levels of radiation below those allowed by SC6 is harmful. Yet there is much credible research to the contrary.
7 DEFINITIONS AND TERMS The Electromagnetic Spectrum (see next slide) is measured in Hertz. Historically, we believed that low frequency (Non-ionizing radiation) was safe. Studies now show, that over long periods of time, there are harmful effects from non-ionizing radiation. The term used to describe the absorption of EMR in the body is specific absorption rate (SAR), which is the rate of energy that is actually absorbed by a unit of tissue. Actual measurement of SARs is very difficult in real life so measurements of electric and magnetic fields are used as surrogates because they are easier to assess. As a result, the intensity of EMR is generally measured and noted in scientific literature in microwatts per centimetre squared µw/cm2.
8 ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM FREQUENCY IN HERTZ
9 CANADA STANDARD COMPARISON Exposure limits for RF fields Country or Area 0.1 μw/cm 2 Precautionary limit in Salzburg 10.0 μw/cm 2 Precautionary limit in Paris 10.0 μw/cm 2 Exposure limit in Russia 10.0 μw/cm 2 Exposure limit in China 10.0 μw/cm 2 Exposure limit in Switzerland 10.0 μw/cm 2 Exposure limit in Italy 10.0 μw/cm 2 Precautionary limit set by Toronto Board of Health μw/cm 2 Health Canada Safety Code 6
10 CANADIAN HEALTH AT RISK May 31, 2011 World Health Organization Decision - Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields reclassified as a Class 2B possible human cancer risk. Same category as lead, dioxane, chloroform, DDT, ethylbenzene. Exposure to EMR is generally uncontrolled, like 2nd hand smoke...except that conventional walls do not block EMR Thousands of studies have found harmful health effects from exposure to the radiation emitted by mobile phones, cell towers and antennas, WiFi and smart meters. Health Canada SC6 guidelines are obsolete and not protective.
11 1999 HEALTH CANADA REPORT growing body of scientific evidence which suggests that exposures to RF fields at intensities far less than levels required to produce heating can cause effects on cells and tissues Over 40 individual calls for research
12 HEALTH CANADA WARNING In October, 2011, Health Canada issued a cell phone use warning for children under 18 encourages parents to reduce children's RF (radiofrequency radiation) exposure from cell phones since children are typically more sensitive to a variety of environmental agents there is currently a lack of scientific information regarding the potential health impacts of cell phones on children.
13 ENTIRE POPULATION EXPOSURE Unlike other public health and environmental issues (such as asbestos, lead, tobacco and other chemical exposures), hazards of acute and chronic exposure to electromagnetic radiation is of extreme concern as the entire population is exposed and at risk almost everywhere.
14 CHILDREN ARE NOT LITTLE ADULTS Radiation from cell phones and other sources penetrates deeper into the head of children 1 Certain tissues of a child s head, e.g., the bone marrow and the eye, absorb significantly more energy than those in an adult head 2 Starting to use cell phone before the age of 20 results in a 5 fold increase in glioma and acoustic neuroma 3 Many of today s children start getting exposed from birth 1. Wiart, J., Hadjem, A., Wong, M.F., and Bloch, I Analysis of RF exposures in the head tissues of children and adults. Phys. Med. Biol. 2. Christ, A., Gosselin, M.C., Christopoulou, M., Kuhn, S., and Kuster N Age-dependent tissue-specific exposure of cell phone users. Phys. Med. Biol. 3. Dr. Lennart Hardell, MD, PhD and Professor at University Hospital in Orebro, Sweden 4. Gandhi, O.P. et al., Exposure Limits: The Underestimation of Absorbed Cell Phone Radiation, Especially in Children, Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, Early Online, 1-18 (2011).
15 PROGRESS TO DATE INTERNATIONALLY May 2012 India to Cut Cellphone Tower Radiation by 90% October 2011 May 2011 Health Canada encourages children under 18 to limit the time they spend talking on cell phones International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and World Health Organization (WHO) reclassified radio frequency electromagnetic fields as a Class 2B carcinogen; other qualifiers: lead, DDT May 2011 The Parliamentary Assembly Council of Europe (PACE) released Resolution 1815 on the Potential Dangers of Electromagnetic Fields and their effect on the Environment April 2011 Russian National Committee on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (RNCNIRP) released their Resolution entitled Electromagnetic fields from Mobile Phones: Health Effect on Children and Teenagers 2010 Seletun Statement, Norway: The International Electromagnetic Field Alliance (IEMFA) 2009 Porto Alegre Resolution, Brazil 2007 BioInitiative Report, USA Freiburg Appeal, Germany. Physicians request tougher guidelines for radio frequency exposure
16 C4ST: MISSION STATEMENT The increasing presence of technology in our environment is generating new concern about exposure to electromagnetic radiation for Canadians, especially today s and tomorrow s children whose 21st-century exposures are unprecedented.
17 C4ST: MISSION STATEMENT Citizens for Safe Technology is a not-for-profit, volunteer-based coalition of parents, citizens and experts whose mission is to educate and inform Canadians and their policy makers about the dangers of the exposures to unsafe levels of electromagnetic radiation from technology and to work with all levels of government to create healthier communities for children and families from coast to coast.
18 C4ST: GOALS 1 It is critical that all levels of Government Acknowledge that current assumptions about the safety of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) are outdated and must be revised. Offer protection and choice for electrosensitive individuals and children who are exposed to EMR in their homes and schools.
19 C4ST: GOALS 2 Health Canada must overhaul its process for updating Safety Code 6. Implement the recommendations of the House of Commons, Standing Committee on Health 2010 Report. Provide full disclosure for all information regarding all studies and documents reviewed, included and excluded; funding of all participants Update all analysis/guidelines to keep pace with the rapid acceleration of technology.
20 C4ST: GOALS 3 Industry Canada must update CPC Radiocommunication and Broadcasting Antenna Systems. Eliminate exemption guidelines and notify residents of all new cell towers or antennae planned in their community. Consultation must include all issues of concern to the public Some real authority needs to rest with local land use authorities
21 C4ST STRATEGY Educate Canadians to gain support for reduced limits on EMR emissions, prioritizing the protection of Canadian families and their rights to safe living spaces Advocate for change through a proactive government relations strategy and extensive educational and media campaigns Promote credible alternatives based on the precautionary principle in respect to everyday exposures; more stringent requirements may be required to protect those more vulnerable, including children, elderly, immune compromised and electrosensitive. Provide education, awareness and recommendations for safer use and reduce or eliminate radiation from consumer products where possible. Leverage other organizations to assist in reinforcing and sharing the message that Health Canada s SC6 is not protective of Canadians in the 21st century and now is the time for change.
22 C4ST ORGANIZATION We have National Teams in the following Focus Areas: WiFi in Schools Smart Meters Cell Towers and Antennae Electrosensitivity Radiation from Consumer Products Environment (Fauna and Flora) Legislation Legal
23 HOW CAN YOU HELP? Continue to educate yourself: Share this message with your friends, families and co-workers Please volunteer, send us an
24 Appendix C4ST
25 C4ST SUPPORTS ENACTMENT OFTHE PRECAUTIONARY PRINCIPLE The Precautionary Principle is enacted when there are plausible, serious and irreversible hazards, where there are many uncertainties and much scientific ignorance. Electromagnetic radiation is characterized by such circumstances.
27 COMPARISON OF RF EXPOSURE LIMITS * Electromagnetic Radiation from Cell Towers and Antennas
28 UNDERESTIMATION OF RISK FOR TEENS AND CHILDREN Dr. Lennart Hardell Starting to use cell phone before age of 20 = 5 fold increase in glioma and acoustic neuroma Dr. Devra Davis Deeper penetration of absorbed radiation Exposure of brains 2 times more than adults Exposure of bone marrow 10 times more than adults Eyes and Thyroid overexposed
29 ELECTROSENSITIVITY COMMON SYMPTOMS Headaches, Migraines Insomnia, Difficult Sleep Heart Palpitations Agitation, Anxiety Tinnitus, Ringing in ears Dizziness, Vertigo Skin Rashes Nausea, Digestive problems Poor Blood Sugar Regulation Memory Loss Inability to Concentrate Extreme Fatigue Pain in Joints, Muscles Depression, Mood Changes Visual disruptions Shortness of Breath, Asthma-like symptoms Fibromyalgia/Chronic Fatigue symptoms
30 SUMMARY: There are No Safety Standards for Non-Thermal Exposures in Canada NEED: Safety Guidelines to protect against Non-Thermal Biological Effects which occur at exposure levels thousands of times below our safety standards Safety Code 6 WHY: present Safety Guidelines are for thermal effects only and based on a 6-minute exposure for a full grown man (200 lb, 6 feet) tested on dummy head filled with electrolyte solution not tested for children human body being naturally electrical was not taken into account only tested for increase in heat
31 WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY CONCERNS Andrew Michrowski, Planetary Association for Clean Energy Environmental wireless emissions geography, Salt Lake City. Paul M. Torrens, Geography, Arizona State University
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