2 Trunk Most people will suffer from back pain at some point in their lives. Good spinal posture places minimal strain on the muscles which maintain the natural curve of the spine The position of the pelvis is affected by the abdominal muscles and the spinal extensors. An increase in the lumbar lordotic curve will result in tight hip flexors and back extensors, weak abdominal muscles and a tendency to compensate through excessive throacic kyphosis.
3 Spinal Extensors Erector Spinae, Iliocostalis, longissimus, spinalis. Quadratus lumborum, multifidus and gluteus maximus. The erector spinae is the main extensor of the back. The Ilocostalis (lateral layer) has attachments the length of the spine. The longissimus (middle layer) and the spinalis (medial layer) Side flexion is produced by contraction of the muscles on one side The quadratus lumborum acts strongly on the non weight bearing side (along with the gluteals on the weight bearing side) to stop the pelvis from dropping When both contract they are responsible for spinal extension and stability.
4 Spinal Extensors Treatment With the subject in side lying position make a reinformed lock just above the sacroiliac joint in the middle of the erector spinae tissue. The pressure should be directed slightly towards the head Instruct the patient to slowly pelvic tilt You can also stretch the tissue by instructing the patient to flex the trunk. Work the length of the spine you wish to treat This is usually until you find an area that is not affected by pelvic movement Then return to the starting position and move your lock medially. Repeat the process moving up the length of the spine
5 Quadratus Lumborum With the client in side lying move your fingers of the edge of the iliac crest dropping down into the thoracic fascia. Swim your fingers deep (reinforced with the other hand if required) behind the erector tissue When you find the QL, apply the lock towards the head. Ask the patient to extend their leg and drop behind the line of the hip. This will tilt the pelvis and stretch the QL.
6 Spinal Flexion Rectus abdominis, external oblique, internal oblique and psoas major As we know if lordosis is present the abdominals are often long and weak. This places a lot of stress on the abdominal wall and surrounding fascia. As a result adhesions can occur leading to further postural imbalance
7 Spinal Flexion Treatment Position the client supine lock into the rectus abdominus on one side starting at the origin at the pubis Instruct the client to produce a small amount of side flexion Progress to the outer borders of the muscle hooking under as it is side flexing away from the lock Remember to assess the tightness of the psoas muscle as it might require treatment along with the abdominal tissue. External and internal oblique's are treated in a similar fashion.
8 Respiration Inspiration : Diaphragm, external intercostals, levatores costarum, serratus posterior superior, pectoralis minor, sternocleidomastiod Expiration: Transverse Abdominmus, subcoastales, transverse throracis, internal intercostals, external oblique, internal oblique, latissimus dorsi and quadratum lumborum (fixed ribs) Treatment of the respiratory muscles is beneficial for anyone with breathing difficulties. STR can have a positive effect for asthma suffers. Athletes will find it useful to have renewed lightness and ease of breath.
9 Respiration Treatment - Diaphragm Ensure the client is in a supine position, knee and hips bent Gently guide a thumb behind and in front of the lower ribs. Ask the client to gently inhale whilst you lock into the anterior attachments Keep holding as you ask the client to exhale. Release For the intercostals lie the client on their side Lock in-between each rib and instruct the client to breath in and breath out.
10 Neck Neck flexors are generally weaker than the extensors which have to work to keep the head up against gravity Neck problems often occur during repetitive or sustained activities. These include cycling, sitting at a desk, painting a ceiling etc General work to all the neck muscles, systemically working the agonists and antagonists will ensure a good recovery from chronic neck pain.
11 Neck Neck flexion: Sternocleidomastoid (SCM), scalenus anterior and longus colli flex the neck. The longus capitis and SCM flex the neck and head. The rectus capitis anterior fibres flex the head and neck and stabilise the atlanto-occipital joint Neck side flexion: The scalenus anterior, scalenus medius and scalenus posterior, levator scapulae and SCM side flex the neck. The SCM, trapezius and erector spinae side flex the head and neck. The rectus capitis lateralis side flexes the head on the neck. When the SCM contracts on BOTH sides the neck and head flexes FORWARD When the SCM contracts on ONE side ROTATION occurs in the OPPOSITE direction
12 Steroncleidomastiod (SCM) Treatment Have the patient in a comfortable supine position Cradle the head with one hand whilst using the other to gently grasp the SCM Maintain this hold and carefully move the neck away from the lock into side flexion or rotation to the same side. It is vital NOT to move too quickly Thickening is often evident toward the skull. Use careful locking away from the bone to free up this congested area. The anterior scalenus can be treated by gliding the lock just off the clavicle and side flexing the neck to the opposite side This is a very sensitive area and treatment should be administered with great care
13 Neck Neck extension: The levator scapulae and splenius cervicis extend the neck. Trapezius, splenius capitis and erector spinae extend the head and neck. Rectus capitis, posterior major, minor and superior oblique extend the head. Neck rotation: The semispinalis cervicis, multifidis, scalene anterior and spenius cervicis rotate the neck. The splenius capitis and SCM rotate the head and neck. The inferior oblique and the rectus capitis posterior major rotate the head on the neck
14 Treatment Lie the patient in the supine position Systematically treat the whole of the back and side of the neck using very small movement patterns (flexion, side flexion, side flexion and rotation) Congestion often occurs between the trapezius and the SCM, within the splenius muscles and the levator scapulae. These muscles may be reached by locking deep into the lateral border of the SCM. The origins of the trapezius muscles should be treated with a lock away from the skull and side flexion to the opposite side. This treatment can also be administered in the seated position.
15 Upper Limb The shoulder girdle is made up of the scapula, the clavicle and the humerus. Muscular imbalance may occur in this area causing postural problems, impaired shoulder movement and pain. Severe shortening and tension in the upper fibres raises the shoulder girdle so that the lower fibres opposing upper movement lengthen and weaken. As compensation the patient can develop a forced erect posture. This leads to the scapulae retractors and back extensors becoming tight and the protractors weak
16 Shoulder Retraction Rhomboid major, rhomboid minor and trapezius Treatment With the subject in a prone position apply pressure with the flat of your hand along the origin of the rhomboids Instruct the client to push their shoulder into the table to produce protraction Ask the patient to place the back of their hand on the small of their back as you support the shoulder You can now work on the rhomboid attachments with the patient protracting the shoulder against the supporting hand.
17 Shoulder Elevation Trapezius (upper fibres) and the levator scapulae As well as elevation, the levator scapulae works with the trapezius to produce neck extension when both sides contract. When one side contracts it produces side flexion.
18 Shoulder Elevation Treatment With the subject in prone support the anterior shoulder buy cupping one hand underneath Hook over and into the upper fibres of trapezius with the other hand Maintain the lock and depress the shoulder with the supporting hand The levator scapulae can be treated using the same technique The lock show be administered at the superior angle of the scapula. If you like you can ask the patient to actively depress the shoulder girdle. This will produce a deeper release.
19 Shoulder Protraction Serratus anterior and pectoralis minor Often highly developed in boxers and throwing athletes Important for stabilising the scapula during movement Weakness can cause scapula winging Requires particular attention following a dislocation
20 Shoulder Protraction Pectoralis minor Treatment With the patient in the supine position Abduct the arm to 90 degrees Delve under the pectoralis major tendon towards the coracoid process Once reached acquire a lock and ask the patient to raise the arm upwards or retract the shoulder towards the table Then release promptly
21 Shoulder Protraction Serratus anterior Treatment Have the client in side lying Slip of the pectorals and lock into the serratus muscle Extend the arm to produce retraction and target the serratus muscle
22 Shoulder Flexion Pectoralis major, anterior deltoid, long head of biceps, coracobrachialis The pectoralis major works in conjunction with the anterior deltoid and the protractors to move the arm forward in movements such as pushing, punching and throwing. It is also a strong adductor, particularly in the horizontal plane
23 Shoulder Flexion Treatment Lie the patient in the supine position Lock in and off the sternum and clavicle and conduct a combination of shoulder extension and abduction to produce a stretch. Progress to treating the whole muscle using the ulnar surface of the palm To treat the deltoid in this position grip the whole of the deltoid and lock proximally. Slowly internal rotate the humerus to produce a stretch The release can also be produce by rotating the arm into external rotation as well.
24 Shoulder Extension & Adduction Extension: Latissimus dorsi, teres major, posterior deltoid and the triceps brachii Adduction: Latissimus dorsi, teres major, pectoralis major and coracobrachialis The latissimus dorsi is the widest muscle of the back and is a powerful adductor and extensor of the shoulder. When the arm is fixed above the head it works with pectoralis major to draw the body upwards. Example chin up. The teres major often termed little helper to the lastissimus dorsi is effective when the scapula is fixed (often by the rhomboids)
25 Shoulder Extension & Adduction Treatment With the subject prone lock into the latissimus dorsi along its length up to the insertion at the humerus. Take the shoulder into abduction Teres major can be treated in the same manner This technique also works well in side lying.
26 Rotator Cuff Subscapularis, Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus and Teres minor These muscles are essential for keeping the head of the humerus in the glenoid fossa during arm movement. They also inhibit upward displacement of the head when the biceps, triceps and deltoids are active. As a massage therapist we should work on all of the muscle collectively to encourage rebalance. With any dysfunction in this area it is imperative to treat the neck
27 Rotator Cuff Infraspinatus and teres minor Treatment Have the subject in a prone position Abduct the arm to 90 degrees Place the lock onto each of the muscles in turn and medially rotate the arm to produce a stretch
28 Rotator Cuff Suprapinatus Have the subject in a prone position Abduct the arm to 90 degrees Be sure that the trapezius muscle hase been adequatley softened. Place a lock with the fingers tips into the supraspinatus fossa Slowly adduct the arm
29 Rotator Cuff Subscapularis Have the subject in a supine positon Abduct the arm to 90 degrees Lock into the anterior surface of the scapula and slowly laterally rotate the shoulder This is a very sensitive area to work on and so each point should not be over treated Be systematic in your approach
30 Elbow Joint stability in the elbow is predominately provided by the collateral ligaments and musculature around the elbow the neck should be considered during any over sue injury to the elbow Inflammation on the lateral or medial elbow relate to the muscles producing wrist movement. Common reasons for injury in this area faulty technique, repetitive gripping or over use of the wrist muscles.
31 Elbow Flexion Biceps brachii, brachialis, brachioradialis, pronator teres The brachialis is the primary flexor at the elbow and controls movement during extension. It has the capacity to develop myositis ossificans so extreme care should be taken following a direct trauma. The biceps brachii is a strong supinator as well as elbow flexor and these actions are often produced together. The brachioradialis works as a flexor when the wrist is midway between pronation and supination
32 Elbow Flexion Treatment With the client in supine and the elbow flexed Grip the belly of the biceps Extend and then pronate to stretch Treat the whole muscle paying particular attention to the origin Careful with locks as this is a sensitive muscle when deep work is carried out. Treat the lateral side and direct the lock under the biceps to work into brachialis
33 Elbow Extension Triceps brachii and anconeus The triceps are the only muscle on the posterior of the upper arm. They are involved in any pushing movements. Punching or throwing can stress the attachments. Actual strains are rare, but bad technique can cause pain and tearing particularly at the musclotendinous junction.
34 Elbow Extension With the client supine Flex the shoulder up towards the clients ear Lock into points along the triceps and flex the elbow Pay close attention to the tendon attachments.
35 Describe when and how you would use Soft Tissue Release. It is great for working on specific areas that cannot be stretched with exercises alone Can be used close to an area that may have been damage without causing any harm A great diagnostic tool. Assessing the texture of the tissue. Does it make the symptoms better? Using the various tools techniques.fingers, knuckles, fist and elbow to produce a change in the muscle or fascia tissue
STRETCHING WHY STRETCH Stretching, because it relaxes your mind and tunes up your body, should be part of your daily life. You will find that regular stretching will do the following things: Reduce muscle
Shoulder Flexion Isolation of Anterior Deltoid Patient starts in sitting position Arm placed in shoulder abduction (~90 o ) with shoulder flexion (~90 o ) and slight external rotation Stabilize: With one
GIRLFIT STRETCH ZONE GET LONG AND LEAN! Neck Stretches Lateral Neck Flexion Great stretch for people who suffer from tight, aching muscles in the upper back and neck Look straight forward and do not let
Movements of the Upper Limb - Page 1 of 18 Movements of the Upper Limb - Introduction This module presents the nomenclature of movement at the joints of the upper limb. When you first approach the upper
Actions Grouped= Synergists and Antagonists Flexes Thigh At Hip 1.Iliopsoas 2.Sartorius 3.Pectineus 4.Tensor Fasciae Latae 5.Adductor Longus 6.Adductor Magnus 7.Rectus Femoris Extends Thigh at Hip 1.Gluteus
Lab 8 M U S C L E S Refer to Muscles 22-23 Naming of muscles Origin Proximal Insertion Distal Examples of Origin & Insertion Muscle Origin Insertion Temporalis Temporal fossa of the temporal bone Coronoid
Muscles of the Spinal Column Chapter 12 Cervical Muscles Splenius Splenius (capitis and cervicis) Origin: Cervicis spinous process of T3-T6 Capitis - lower half of ligmentum nuchea & spinous process of
Anatomy of Human Muscles PURPOSE: To develop skill in identifying muscle names and locations relative to other regional structures. To determine origin, insertion and principle action of muscles through
Muscles of the Anterior Neck and Throat: Suprahyoid & Infrahyoid Neck is divided into 2 triangle (anterior & posterior) by the sternocleidomastoid muscle Anterior Triangle: Suprahyoid muscles (found above
Anatomy & Physiology 120 Lab #7 Muscle Tissue and Skeletal Muscles What you Need to Know Look briefly at the Structure of: 1) Skeletal, 2) Smooth & 3) Cardiac Muscle Naming, Identification, Functions You
Chapter 13 Muscular Analysis of and Lower 2007 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. 13-1 Muscular Analysis of & Lower Strength, endurance, & flexibility of the lower extremity, trunk, & muscles
Elbow, Shoulder and Shoulder Girdle The Elbow Flexion and extension of the elbow are controlled by muscles in the upper arm. Pronation and supination of the forearm are controlled by muscles in the upper
Muscular movements of the head (at the cervical spine/neck) and of the torso (thoracic and lumbar spine/upper, middle, and lower back): flexion, extension, lateral flexion, rotation. Muscles of the Neck
Flexibility Assessment and Improvement Compiled and Adapted by Josh Thompson Muscles must have a full and normal range of motion in order for joints and skeletal structure to function properly. Flexibility
1 Upper Extremity Counterstrain Dan Williams, D.O. Board Certified Neuromusculoskeletal Medicine And Osteopathic Manipulation 2 Counterstrain Osteopathic manipulation technique developed by Larry Jones,
Where Connective Tissue, Fasciae, and Anatomy Meet in The Shoulder Girdle. Aspects of Functional Anatomy. This is the text of an oral presentation delivered at the 9 th European Congress on Music Physiology
GYMSTICK STRETCHES Rhomboids and Trapezius Standing up, hold the stick with an over hand grip at chest level Extend elbows forward pressing the stick away from the body. Lower the chin towards the chest
Stretching Program The four basic types of stretch techniques include ballistic, dynamic, static, and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF). 1. Ballistic The oldest technique is the ballistic
Human Anatomy and Physiology - Problem Drill 10: Axial and Appendicular Musculature Question No. 1 of 10 There are a number of muscles that position the girdle and coordinate with the muscles that move
Client Home Care Instructions Stretches You need a stretch rope, towel, or even a long belt and only 5 minutes per day. The best time to stretch is after a warm shower when the muscles are warm. DO NOT
Class Outline: Anterior Anatomy 5 minutes Breath of Arrival and Attendance 5 minutes Howdy Partner 35 minutes Anterior Anatomy using Power Point Presentation 5 minutes Overview of skeletal segments 5 minutes
EXERCISE SHEET FOR LOWER BACK PAIN Double Leg Stretch To challenge lumbo pelvic control with upper and lower limb sagittal plane movements. To challenge scapula thoracic stability with dissociated movement
The Shoulder Girdle and Arm 5301 Group I. Function: Upward rotation of scapula; elevation of arm above shoulder level. Extrinsic muscles of shoulder girdle: 1. Trapezius; 2. levator scapulae; 3. serratus
Chapter 10: The Muscular System Objectives: 1. Describe the function of prime movers, antagonists, synergists, and fixators. 2. List the criteria used in naming muscles. Provide an example to illustrate
Muscles of the Human Body over 600 in the human body allow the skeleton to move to cause movement both ends of each muscle must be attached to bone origin or proximal attachment ( the attachment closer
Epicranius Anatomy and Physiology 121: Muscles of the Human Body Covers upper cranium Raises eyebrows, surprise, headaches Parts Frontalis Occipitalis Epicranial aponeurosis Orbicularis oculi Ring (sphincter)
Chapter 11 The Muscular System Muscle Attachment Sites: Origin & Insertion Skeletal muscles cause movements by exerting force on tendons, which pulls on bones or other structures. Articulating bones usually
Body Ball Exercises Tomado de : Bodytrends.com TRUNK EXERCISES Each of the following exercises has two to three intensity or complexity variations. Level I variations are described first and are the easiest
In this portion of our study of the Mink, we will be focusing on the muscular system. These instructions tell you what muscles you are to identify and provide instructions on information you are expected
Muscles Crossing the Shoulder joint: Movements of the Arm Nine muscles cross the shoulder joint and insert into the humerus Prime movers include: Pectoralis major arm flexion Latissimus dorsi and posterior
The Trunk Vertebral Column Mobility Protects Spinal Cord Pelvis Rib Cage Landmarks of the trunk Vertebral Column Back View - Extended Pyramid Side View - S Shaped curve Occupies about ½ the diameter of
Anatomy and Physiology This section focuses on the impact of physical activity on the systems of the body and on young people s participation and performance in physical activity as part of a balanced,
Athletic Medicine Rib Stress Injury Prevention Program Introduction A rib stress injury can be described as a rib stress reaction or can lead to a rib stress fracture if not managed or treated correctly
Muscular System Student Learning Objectives: Identify the major muscles of the body Identify the action of major muscles of the body Structures to be identified: Muscle actions: Extension Flexion Abduction
Practical 2 Worksheet- KEY Upper Extremity BONES 1. Which end of the clavicle is on the lateral side (acromial or sternal)? Acromial 2. Describe the difference in the appearance of the acromial and sternal
Pilates for the treatment of Rounded Shoulders Nicola Heweston September 2015 Wimbledon UK, January 2014 Abstract Rounded shoulders is a description of a common posture abnormality whereby the shoulders
FUNCTIONAL HUMAN ANATOMY LAB #7 UPPER EXTREMITY MUSCULATURE The following tips will help you in naming the muscles of the forearm and hand: The Ulna is located on the pinky side of the wrist, the Radius
The Anatomy of the Muscular System Approximately 700 skeletal muscles have been identified. Two factors interact to determine the effect of muscle contraction ti 1. the anatomical arrangement of muscle
Pilates for Kyphosis A BASI Pilates program designed to help correct thoracic kyphosis 1 Lucy Penrose 19/01/2014 Wimbledon UK, April 2013 Abstract Kyphosis refers to an exaggerated curve in the thoracic
Biomechanics of Resistance Exercise Key Terms Range of Motion Movement Planes Muscle Actions Anatomical LocationsKey Terms Midline: The invisible line that divides the body or a single body part in half
BIOLOGY 211: HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY ****************************************************************************************************** GROSS ANATOMY OF THE MUSCULAR SYSTEM ******************************************************************************************************
Release: 2 SISFFIT418A Undertake appraisals of functional movement SISFFIT418A Undertake appraisals of functional movement Modification History Not Applicable Unit Descriptor This unit describes the performance
Biology 201 Human Anatomy GROSS ANATOMY OF THE MUSCULAR SYSTEM References: Marieb, Mallatt, Wilhelm: Human Anatomy, 5 th ed. (2008) Marieb, Wilhelm, Mallatt: Human Anatomy, 6 th ed. (2010) Marieb, Human
Basic techniques of pulmonary physical therapy (I) 100/04/24 Evaluation of breathing function Chart review History Chest X ray Blood test Observation/palpation Chest mobility Shape of chest wall Accessory
Pilates For Tennis Antonio Navarro 02/28/2014 CTTC 2013 Location: Costa Mesa, CA Abstract When examining tennis, players do not use just one but many muscles in the body to create a groundstroke or serve.
Core Strengthening & Stabilization in Therapeutic Exercise www.fisiokinesiterapia.biz What is the CORE? Lumbo-pelvic pelvic-hip complex Location of center of gravity (CoG) Efficient core allows for Maintenance
Chapter 11 The Muscular System Appendicular Musculature Lecture Presentation by Steven Bassett Southeast Community College Introduction Appendicular Musculature Appendicular muscles are responsible for:
The Swimmers Shoulder Katie Foster BSc. Sport, BSc. Physiotherapy, MMT. Overview Anatomy Swimming and the shoulder Posture Impingement Causes and progressions Treatment Prevention The shoulder The shoulder
Muscles to Identify on the Cadaver and/or Models You are required to identify each of the following muscles or associated structures on the cadavers and/or models in lab. If the box is shaded in a particular
Massage and Movement Incorporating Movement into Massage Part One: Theory and Technique in Prone With Lee Stang, LMT NCBTMB #450217-06 1850 West Street Southington, CT 06489 860.747.6388 www.bridgestohealthseminars.com
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS CHAPTER 1: 1.1 Muscular skeletal system Question - text book page 16 Using the information on pages 12 to 14 above, complete the table below. joint joint type articulating bones associated
Muscle Movements, Types, and Names A. Gross Skeletal Muscle Activity 1. With a few exceptions, all muscles cross at least one joint 2. Typically, the bulk of the muscle lies proximal to the joint it crossed
To set yourself up for success, practice keeping a neutral spine throughout all of these movements. This will ensure the tissue mobilization is being applied to the correct area, and make the techniques
EXERCISE MANUAL PERSONALITY GYM EXERCISE MANUAL PERSONALITY GYM legs. 1 calves raise Stand with the wide part of one foot on the seated row foot support. Start in a position with your calves stretched.
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY ONLINE COURSE - SESSION 6 THE MUSCULAR SYSTEM Introduction The muscular system is composed of specialized cells called muscle fibers. Their predominant function is contractibility.
Muscles of Mastication Masseter Zygomatic Arch Mandibular angle Elevates mandible Mandibular ramus Temporalis Temporal fossa of the temporal bone Coronoid process of the mandible Elevates mandible Retracts
BODY BLOCKS In sequencing Breathing and Tempo Flexibility / Mobility and Proprioception (feel) Upper body segment Middle body segment Lower body segment Extension / Static Posture Office / Computer Travel
Muscle Energy Technique Applied to the Shoulder MUSCLE ENERGY Theory Muscle energy technique is a manual therapy procedure which involves the voluntary contraction of a muscle in a precisely controlled
11 The Muscular System PowerPoint Lecture Presentations prepared by Jason LaPres Lone Star College North Harris An Introduction to the Muscular System Learning Outcomes 11-1 Describe the arrangement of
The Skeletal and Muscular Systems Lesson 2 Bones for Support, Muscles for Movement You depend on your skeletal and muscular systems to support you and help you move. The skeletal system is the framework
2 Stretching the Major Muscle Groups of the Lower Limb In this chapter, we present appropriate stretching exercises for the major muscle groups of the lower limb. All four methods (3S, yoga, slow/static,
Muscular System Muscle Functions Movement Protection Posture and Support Heat Muscle Over 600 muscles 40 50 % of total body weight 215 pairs of muscles Aggregate muscle action Muscle Nomenclature Appearance
Stretching Yoga - Morning Stretch Lie face up, arms by side, palms down Inhale, bring arms overhead & lift spine off the floor Point toes. Extend legs & arms away from each other Exhale, bring arms back
THE BIOMECHANICS OF SKIING 4 This chapter provides background information on the biomechanics most relevant to skiing. It outlines how the muscles and skeleton function as a system to create balanced movement.
Running Head: MUSCULAR ANALYSIS OF THE POWER SNATCH LIFT 1 Muscular Analysis of the Power Snatch Lift HPSS 3130-01 Kinesiology Tennessee State University Matthew Nuessle April 17, 2015 Running Head: MUSCULAR
Chapter 11: The Muscular System I. Muscle Organization and Function, p. 327 Objectives 1. Describe the arrangement of fascicles in the various types of muscles and explain the resulting functional differences.
Shoulder Girdle Clarification of Terms Shoulder girdle = scapula and clavicle Shoulder joint (glenohumeral joint) = scapula and humerus What is the purpose (or function) of the shoulder and entire upper
Chest (Pectoralis major) Wall Push Ups 1 Do not drop body towards wall fast or bounce in movements Do not lock the elbows at any time stop exercise if there is any sharp pain in joints or muscles 2 Wall
Find in lab GROSS ANATOMY OF THE MUSCULAR SYSTEM Know for lab MUSCLE NAME ORIGIN INSERTION ACTION Muscles of the Head and Neck: Occipitofrontalis Frontalis Occipitalis Orbicularis oculi Galea aponeurotica
The Neuromuscular Re-education of Core Stabilizers Shannon Hritz November 2013 Flow Studio Chicago, IL Abstract This paper discusses how Pilates can contribute to the neuromuscular reeducation of two core
: SEE ALSO THE AP SITE FOR OTHER TABLES GROSS ANATOMY OF THE MUSCULAR SYSTEMM Muscles of the Head and Neck: Occipitofrontalis Frontalis Occipitalis Orbicularis oculi Orbicularis oris Buccinator Masseter
Introduction to the Upper Limb James C. O Reilly PhD email@example.com Anatomical Planes - Sagittal - Coronal - Axial (= Transverse or Horizontal) Anterior - Posterior Medial - Lateral Superior - Inferior
Sheet 1A Treating short/tight muscles using MET Pectorals Once daily lie at edge of bed holding a half-kilo can, arm out sideways. Raise arm and hold for 10 seconds, then allow arm to hang down, stretching
DIGASTRICUS Function and PIR Home therapy 6 SPLENIUS Anatomy Function and PIR Home therapy 7 SEMISPINALIS; MULTIFUNDI; ROTATORES Anatomy Function and PIR Home therapy 8 RECTUS CAPITIS POSTERIOR MAJOR &
Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Reprinted by permission. Chapter 5 The Shoulder Joint Structural Kinesiology R.T. Floyd, Ed.D, ATC, CSCS Structural Kinesiology The Shoulder Joint 5-1 The Shoulder
بسم هللا الرحمن الرحيم The introduction * The lower muscles are subdivided according to regional origin which indicates the bone of lower limb that affected of muscle contraction into: 1. Muscles of gluteal
We ve looked at how to train the upper and lower body. Now this booklet focuses on the bit in the middle, the abdominals and lower back otherwise known as the core. Many people think that training their
Shoulder Biomechanics Lecture originally developed by Bryan Morrison, Ph.D. candidate Arizona State University Fall 2000 1 Outline Anatomy Biomechanics Problems 2 Shoulder Complex Greatest Greatest Predisposition
JOINTS, MUSCLES AND MOVEMENT Bones of the Skeleton JOINTS AND MOVEMENT NAME OF BONE Cranium Clavicle Scapula Sternum Ribs Humerus Ulna Radius Carpals Metacarpals Phalanges Ilium/Pelvis Sacrum Coccyx Femur
Arms Exercise Routine Sheet Front Arm Strengthening with a Therapy Band Triceps Stretch Forearm Strengthening in Pronation with a Therapy Band Forearm Strengthening in Supination with a Therapy Band Elbow