1 Doctoral Training Centre: Practice of Social Research The Practice of Social Research in the Digital Age: Technologies of Social Research and Sources of Secondary Data Analysis Dr. Eric Jensen University of Warwick 1
2 Top tip: ITS software download service servicessupport/software/list/
4 Emerging technologies of social research New technologies can open up new areas of inquiry, provide researchers with the tools to answer new questions, and change the landscape of knowledge building within and across disciplines. (Hesse-Biber 2011)
5 Secondary Data Analysis Positive: Saves time and money. Negative: questions and response options may not be well-designed or compatible with your interests.
6 Secondary Data Analysis UK Data Archive
7 Secondary Data Analysis UK Data Archive v=stycm63og88&feature=player_e mbedded v=f6reaulleny&feature=player_emb edded
8 Sources of Secondary Data Analysis Your Suggestions?
9 Computer-based Data Collection Web-based surveys E-interviews Online focus groups Content or Discourse Analysis of online discussions or other content
10 Computer-based Data Analysis SPSS CAQDAS Automated analysis of qualitative data (e.g. from linguistics, or simple versions such as Concordance)
11 Other Technologies of Social Research Your Suggestions?
12 Digital recording of qualitative data Transcription: Standardized will be most appropriate for most social scientists Verbatim transcription only worth the added hassle when you will be using the extra detail in your analysis
13 The Practice of Social Research in the Digital Age: Using Web 2.0
14 Using Web Overview As knowledge management tool(s) As research object (e.g. content analysis of Twitter feed) As data collection tool (e.g. wiki) As research team co-ordination tool As dissemination or public engagement method Other research uses???
15 Defining Web 2.0 Web 2.0 applications are those that make the most of the intrinsic advantages of that platform: Delivering software as a continually-updated service that gets better the more people use it, Consuming and remixing data from multiple sources, including individual users, while providing their own data and services in a form that allows remixing by others, Creating network effects through an "architecture of participation," and going beyond the page metaphor of Web 1.0 to deliver rich user experiences.
16 Defining Web 2.0 Involves a collaborative and social model of working. About: Information coming to you, Sharing information with others, Deciding how you receive and view the information. Examples: Blogs, RSS, Wikis, social bookmarking, Flickr, Facebook, MySpace, web based forums, discussion lists, YouTube, Second Life
17 Social Bookmarking
18 e.g. Tagging on Del.icio.us
19 Some uses for Del.icio.us Storing bookmarks online so they can be accessed from the Internet. Consolidating bookmark collections to eliminate confusion of trying to find bookmarks on multiple computers. Keeping track of online source materials in one location. Sharing Bookmarks via the public. Expertise Mining all bookmarks on del.icio.us have been chosen by a human being. Exploring the results of their previous searches is a great labour saver
20 Wiki for collaborative knowledge development and research problem definition
21 Wikis - background wiki-wiki Hawaiian meaning quick. First wiki was the WikiWikiWeb, A collaborative web application that allows users to easily add and edit content. Relatively standardised layout and format encourages contributors to concentrate on content.
22 Wikis Default in most Wikis will let anyone create and edit a page: Need to protect Admin functions and limit creation, edit and access rights, Can lock individual pages or sections, Can require registration to set up new pages or edit existing ones.
23 Wikis Can be used for: Developing documentation collaboratively, Project management: History keeps a record of the changes and different versions of the documents. Developing a conference programme. Encourages collaboration.
24 Best known wiki: Wikipedia Option to edit the page
25 No edit option Wikipedia (2)
26 Wikipedia - history Date of edits Author/editor March 23, 09
27 What can wikis be used for? Using a Wiki on an Intranet for internal purposes can allow for collaborative working. Collaborative development of research materials and conference organising. Collaboratively compiling questions e.g. for a survey, interview or focus group. Participatory model of social research (gaining input from publics / stakeholders)
28 The Blog
29 Blogs - background What is a Blog? Short for web log, Content management system that publishes information chronologically, Easy to use and publish from anywhere, therefore there is a high proportion of questionable content on blogs, Thus, credibility of person / institution publishing the blog is particularly important. Blogs automatically generate RSS feeds.
30 Applications of Blogs Instead of, or in addition to, a printed, ed or static webbased newsletter: Current awareness for staff, users, researchers and clients - What s new, Publicising new research results, encourage feedback via comments. Marketing tool inside and outside of university / organisation. Recording reflections for project development and discussions. Comments or suggestions box. Alternative publishing medium. Chunking up the writing task: Some researchers like to blog parts of their research analysis as they go along
31 Blogs as sources of information Blogs by industry gurus and experts are a good way of keeping up to date with what is happening in a particular sector. Google Blogsearch blogsearch Uses advanced search to search within an individual blog. Live Feeds search - Blog search engines and directories:
32 Keeping on top of the latest developments: RSS
33 RSS (for keeping up on news and information around your topic) Stands for Really Simple Syndication, or Rich Site Summary or RDF site summary. Also ATOM (Google). Look for the orange logos. Delivers headlines, alerts, tables of contents. Regarded as the de facto standard
34 RSS requires reader e.g. Google Reader
35 RSS instead of alerts Reduces the overload in your inbox. By-passes spam filters. Quicker and easier to scan and spot individual headlines within an alert or newsletter and decide what is relevant. Can set up filters to pick up stories that mention specific topics, etc. You control when you receive and read the feeds.
39 Owned by Yahoo! Flickr Share photos with selected individuals or make public. Put photos of your library s or organisation s events on Flickr: Promote your department, information centre, organisation, Direct journalists to your album when they ask for photos to accompany articles about you, Make sure you tag and describe them, Organise into sets, Decide on copyright and Creative Commons licenses.
41 Slideshare Share presentations. Include an accompanying commentary. Keep private, share with selected people, or make public. Possible downside: Slideshare does not keep animations and embedded links. Slideshare - Can embed Slideshare in your blog, web site, Facebook profile, start page, etc.
43 YouTube Owned by Google (so is linked into other google products) Can use as a way to disseminate your research, presentations, etc. Can use to provide stimulus for subsequent online data collection (e.g. ask participants to watch a particular clip on youtube as a precursor to an online focus group or interview)
44 Microblogging: Twitter tweets are 140 characters, follow friends or institutions, Lots of plugins for your browser and desktop e.g. TwitKit, Send first 140 characters of your blog postings to Twitter using Add Twitter to your Facebook profile. Search for friends and colleagues, and topics: Twitterment, Tweet Scan etc. Analyse a person s tweets with Tweet Clouds:
46 Conference Twitter Streams Blogging conferences is so 20 th century! Twitterers/tweeters abound at conferences, Can set up a Twitter event stream, Delegates, conference chairs, moderators can all comment on and monitor the proceedings, Can end tweets to your blog using LoudTwitter: Generates a chronological list of your tweets by day and with the oldest listed first, Easier to read as a record of the event. Bottom line: twitter can help you stay up to date on development in your field (if you follow the right people / institutions!) AND can help you raise your profile / engage a broader audience with your research
47 What should you do with Web 2.0? Just as with any other technology, you should use it only insofar as it supports your interests and goals. Focus on what you think will make your work easier, more productive, more effective. If it does not work or it takes longer to carry out a task without significant benefits, leave it!
48 Digital Research Identity Why care about your digital identity? Networking Funding possibilities Speaking invitations Citations These are each affected by trust / credibility and by digital identity
49 Digital Research Identity ACTIVITY: Who are you? What impression does your online identity give about you? Work in small group (ideally 2 or 3 people with one laptop between you) Try doing an identity search on each other
50 Digital Research Identity ACTIVITY: Who are you? Google each person in turn. Start with just their name and maybe their subject, where they have worked in the past Who are they? Who says so? How visible are they online?
51 Digital Research Identity ACTIVITY: Who are you? NEXT, Discuss in your group: What do you want people to think about you? How can you build / improve your Digital Identity / Profile to support this desired image?
52 Digital Research Identity Going Forward Keep track of your digital identity (periodically): e.g. Search - 'Google yourself' automated - Google Alerts Register on academia.edu to start building an academic researcher identity (can link this to any personal profiles you might have already).
53 Doctoral Training Centre: Practice of Social Research The Practice of Social Research in the Digital Age: Technologies of Social Research and Sources of Secondary Data Analysis Dr. Eric Jensen University of Warwick 53
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