ë1ë DIN 5031: Strahlungsphysik im optischen Bereich und Lichttechnik, 1982.

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1 Literaturverzeichnis ë1ë DIN 5031: Strahlungsphysik im optischen Bereich und Lichttechnik, ë2ë Eustace L. Dereniak und Deron G. Grove. Optical Radiation Detectors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., ë3ë Eugene Hecht. Optik. Addison-Wesley, ë4ë John Blackwell und Shane Thornton. Mastering Optics. McGraw-Hill, ë5ë Joseph W. Goodman. Introduction to Fourier Optics. McGraw-Hill, ë6ë Albert J.P. Theuwissen. Solid-State Imaging with Charge-Coupled Devices. Kluwer Academic Publishers, ë7ë Yannis P. Tsividis. Operation and Modeling of the MOS Transistor. McGraw-Hill Book Company, ë8ë Paul R. Gray und Robert G. Meyer. Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated Circuits. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., ë9ë Kadaba R. Lakshmikumar, Robert A. Hadaway und Miles A. Copeland. Characterization and modeling of mismatch in MOS transistors for precision analog design. IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, sc-21è6è:1057í1066, Dezember ë10ë Marcel J.M. Pelgrom, Aad C.J. Duinmaijer und Anton P.G. Welbers. Matching properties of MOS transistors. IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, 24è5è:1433í 1440, Oktober ë11ë J. Bastos, M. Steyaert, A. Pergoot und W. Sansen. Mismatchcharacterization of submicron MOS transistors. Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, 12:95í106, ë12ë Tomohisa Mizuno, Jun-ichi Okamura und Akira Toriumi. Experimental study of threshold voltage æuctuation due to statistical variation of channel dopant number 136

2 LITERATURVERZEICHNIS 137 in MOSFET's IEEE Trans. on Electron Devices, 41è11è:2216í2221, November ë13ë Jyn-Bang Shyu, Gabor C. Temes und Francois Krummenacher. Random error eæects in matched MOS capacitors and current sources. IEEE Journal of Solid- State Circuits, sc-19è6è:948í955, Dezember ë14ë Alex Dickinson, Bryan Ackland, El-Sayed Eid, David Inglis und Eric R. Fossum. A 256x256 CMOS active pixel image sensor with motion detection. In Proceedings of the 1995 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, Seiten 226í227. IEEE, ë15ë Eric R. Fossum. Active pixel sensors: Are CCD's dinosaurs? 1900:2í14, SPIE Proceedings, ë16ë Eric R. Fossum. Active-pixel sensors challenge CCD's. Laser Focus World, Seiten 83í87, Juni ë17ë Eric R. Fossum. CMOS image sensors: Electronic camera on a chip. In Proceedings of the IEDM 95, Seiten 17í25. IEEE, ë18ë Sunetra K. Mendis, Sabrina E. Kemeny, Russel C. Gee, Bedabrata Pain, Quiesup Kim und Eric R. Fossum. Progress in CMOS active pixel image sensors. SPIE Proceedings, 2172:19í29, ë19ë Sunetra Mendis, Sabrina E. Kemeny und Eric R. Fossum. CMOS active pixel image sensors. IEEE Trans. on Electron Devices, 41è3è:452í453, Míarz ë20ë G. Winstel und C. Weyrich. Optoelektronik II. Springer-Verlag, ë21ë Sunetra K. Mendis, Sabrina E. Kemeny, Russel C. Gee, Bedabrata Pain, Craig O. Staller, Quiesup Kim und Eric R. Fossum. CMOS active pixel image sensors for highly integrated imaging systems. IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, 32è2è:187í 197, Februar ë22ë Douglas A. Ross. Optoelektronik. R. Oldenbourg Verlag, ë23ë Arndt Buçmann. Charakterisierung von CMOS-kompatiblen Photosensorelementen. Studienarbeit am Fachgebiet Mikroelektronische Systeme der Gerhard-Mercator- Universitíat Duisburg, Januar ë24ë Tobi Delbruck, Nicholas Mascarenhas, Min-Hwa Chi, Albert Bergemont und Carver Mead. Pulsed bipolar CMOS imager. In Proceedings of the 1997 IEEE Workshop on Charge-Coupled Devices&Advanced Image Sensors, Juni 1997.

3 LITERATURVERZEICHNIS 138 ë25ë M. Schanz, W. Brockherde, B.J. Hosticka und R. Klinke. A CMOS linear image sensor array with on-chip signal processing. In Proceedings of the 21st European Solid-State Circuits Conference, Seiten 242í245, September ë26ë Michael Schanz, Werner Brockherde, Ralf Hauschild, Bedrich J. Hosticka und Markus Schwarz. Smart CMOS image sensor arrays. IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 44è10è:1699í1705, Oktober ë27ë Aldert van der Ziel. Noise in Solid State Devices and Circuits. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., ë28ë Rudolf Míuller. Rauschen. Springer-Verlag, ë29ë M. J. Buckingham. Noise in Electronic Devices and Systems. John Wiley & Sons, ë30ë Robert W. Boyd. Radiometry and the Detection of Optical Radiation. John Wiley & Sons, ë31ë C.D. Motchenbacher und F.C. Fitchen. Low-Noise Electronic Design. John Wiley & Sons, ë32ë R.R. Spencer und J. Grishaw. Simpliæed 1èf noise calculations. Electronics Letters, 27è4è:312í314, Februar ë33ë Jimmin Chang, A.A. Abidi und C.R. Viswanathan. Flicker noise in CMOS transistors from subthreshold to strong inversion at various temperatures. IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 41è11è:1965í1971, November ë34ë Rahul Sarpeshkar, Tobias Delbríuck und Carver A. Mead. White noise in MOStransistors and resistors. IEEE Circuits & Devices Magazine, November ë35ë Roubik Gregorian und Gabor C. Temes. Analog Integrated Circuits for Signal Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., ë36ë Eric R. Fossum. CMOS image sensors: Electronic camera-on-a-chip. IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 44è10è:1689í1698, Oktober ë37ë Christer Jansson, Per Ingelhag, Christer Svensson und Robert Forchheimer. An addressable 256x256 photodiode image sensor array with an 8-bit digital output. Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, 4:38í49, ë38ë Boyd Fowler, Abbas El Gamal und David X.D. Yang. A CMOS area image sensor with pixel-level AèD conversion. In Proceedings of the 1994 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, Seiten 226í227, 1994.

4 LITERATURVERZEICHNIS 139 ë39ë F. Andoh, K. Taketoshi, J. Yamazaki, M. Sugawara, Y. Fujita und K. Mitani. A 250,000-pixel image sensor with FET ampliæcation at each pixel for high-speed television cameras. In Proceedings of the 1990 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conferenc, Seiten 212í213. IEEE, ë40ë Eiji Oba, Keiji Mabuchi, Yoshinori Iida, Nobuo Nakamura und Hiroki Miura. A 1=4 inch 330k square pixel progressive scan CMOS active pixel image sensor. In Proceedings of the 1997 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, Seiten 180í181. IEEE, ë41ë R. Daniel McGrath, Vincent S. Clark, Peter K. Duane, Lisa G. McIlrath und William D. Washkurak. Current-mediated, current-reset 768x512 active pixel sensor array. In Proceedings of the 1997 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, Seiten 182í183. IEEE, ë42ë M. Sugawara, H. Kawashima, F. Andoh, N. Murata, Y. Fujita und M. Yamawaki. An ampliæed MOS imager suited for image processing. In Proceedings of the 1994 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, Seiten 228í229. IEEE, ë43ë Chye Huat Aw und Bruce A. Wooley. A 128 x 128-pixel standard-cmos image sensor with electronic shutter. IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, 31è12è:1922í 1930, Dezember ë44ë Toshifumi Ozaki, Hajime Kinugasa und Takashi Nishida. A low-noise line-ampliæed MOS imaging devices. IEEE Trans. on Electron Devices, 38è5è:969í975, Mai ë45ë P.B. Denyer, D. Renshaw, Wang Guoyu und Lu Mingying. CMOS image sensors for multimedia applications. In Proceedings of the IEEE 1993 Custom Integrated Circuits Conference. IEEE, ë46ë Peter B. Denyer, David Renshaw und Stewart G. Smith. Intelligent CMOS imaging. SPIE Proceedings, 2415:285í291, ë47ë D. Renshaw, P.B. Denyer, G. Wang und M. Lu. ASIC image sensors. In Proceedings of the IEEE 1990 Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Seiten 3038í3041. IEEE, ë48ë Alvise Sartori, Franco Maloberti, Andrea Simoni und Guido Torelli. A 2D photosensor array with integrated charge ampliæer. Sensors and Actuators A, 46-47:247í250, ë49ë Andrea Simoni, Guido Torelli, Franco Maloberti, Alvise Sartori, Sofoklis E. Plevridis und Alexios N. Birbas. A single-chip optical sensor with analog memory for motion detection. IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, 30è7è:800í805, Juli 1995.

5 LITERATURVERZEICHNIS 140 ë50ë Andrea Simoni, Alvise Sartori, Massimo Gottardi und Alessandro Zorat. A digital vision sensor. Sensors and Actuators A, 46-47:439í443, ë51ë Christer Jansson, Per Ingelhag, Christer Svensson und Robert Forchheimer. An addressable 256x256 photodiode image sensor array with an 8-bit digital output. In Proceedings of the 1992 European Solid-State Circuits Conference, ë52ë Fernando Pardo, Bart Dierickx und Danny Scheæer. CMOS foveated image sensor: Signal scaling and small geometry eæects. IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 44è10è:1731í1737, Oktober ë53ë Nico Ricquier und Bart Dierickx. Random addressable CMOS image sensor for industrial applications. Sensors and Actuators A, 44:29í35, ë54ë H.G. Graf, B. Híoæinger, U. Seger und A. Siggelkow. Elektronisch sehen. Elektronik, 3, ë55ë Savvas G. Chamberlain und Jim P.Y. Lee. Anovel wide dynamic range silicon photodetector and linear imaging array. IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, sc- 19è1è:41í48, Februar ë56ë R. Hauschild, B.J. Hosticka, S. Míuller und M. Schwarz. A CMOS optical sensor system performing image sampling on a hexagonal grid. In Proceedings of the 22nd European Solid-State Circuits Conference, Seiten 304í307, September ë57ë J. Huppertz, R. Hauschild, B.J. Hosticka, T. Kneip, S. Míuller und M. Schwarz. Fast CMOS imaging with high dynamik range. In Proceedings of the 1997 IEEE Workshop on Charge-Coupled Devices&Advanced Image Sensors, Juni ë58ë IMS Stuttgart. Produktinformation zur High-Dynamic-Range CMOS Experimental- Kamera HDRC 2-EC. ë59ë Danny Scheæer, Bart Dierickx und Guy Meynants. Random adressable 2048 x 2048 active pixel image sensor. IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, 44è10è:1716í 1720, Oktober ë60ë M. Schwarz, B.J. Hosticka, R. Hauschild, W. Mockwa, M. Scholles und H.K. Trieu. Hardware architecture of a neural net based retina implant for patients suæering from retinitis pigmentosa. In Proceedings of the 1996 International Conference on Neural Networks, ë61ë J. Huppertz, R. Hauschild, B.J. Hosticka, T. Kneip und M. Schwarz. A wide dynamic range CMOS imager. In 8. ITG Fachtagung Mikroelektronik fíur die Informationstechnik, Hannover, Míarz 1998.

6 LITERATURVERZEICHNIS 141 ë62ë Hugh Perry und Alan Cowey. The ganglion cell and cone distributions in the monkey's retina: Implications for central magniæcation factors. Vision Research, 25è12è:1795í1810, ë63ë Russell M. Mersereau. The processing of hexagonally sampled two-dimensional signals. Proceedings of the IEEE, 67è6è:930í949, Juni ë64ë Tom. N. Cornsweet. Visual Perception. Academic Press, Inc., ë65ë Tobias Delbríuck. Investigations of Analog VLSI Visual Transduction and Motion Processing. Dissertation, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, ë66ë T. Delbríuck und C.A. Mead. Analog VLSI phototransduction by continuous-time, adaptive, logarithmic photoreceptor circuits. Technischer report, California Institute of Technology, ë67ë Thomas G. Stockham. Image processing in the context of a visual model. Proceedings of the IEEE, 60è7è:828í840, Juli ë68ë Russel L. De Valois und Karen K. De Valois. Spatial Vision. Oxford University Press, ë69ë Gíunter Wedlich. Ein lokaladaptives Bildverarbeitungsverfahren zum Helligkeitsausgleich von ungleichmíaçig ausgeleuchteten Fernsehbildern. Dissertation, Technische Universitíat Carolo-Wilhelmina zu Braunschweig, ë70ë John E. Dowling. The Retina: An Approachable Part of the Brain. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, ë71ë Steve Collins und Mike Wade. A critical review of analogue image processing. In Proceedings of the 1994 IEE Colloquium on Integrated Imaging Sensors and Processing, Seiten 1è1í1è6, Dezember ë72ë Carver A. Mead. Analog VLSI and Neural Systems. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, ë73ë Carver Mead. Adaptive retina. In Analog VLSI Implementations of Neural Systems, Seiten 239í246. Kluwer Academic Publishers, ë74ë K. Fukushima, Y. Yamaguchi, M. Yasuda und S. Nagata. An electronic model of the retina. Proceedings of the IEEE, 58:1950í1951, Dezember ë75ë Tomaso Poggio, VincentTorre und Christof Koch. Computational vision and regularization theory. Nature, 317è6035è:314í319, 1985.

7 LITERATURVERZEICHNIS 142 ë76ë Carver A. Mead und M.A. Mahowald. A silicon model of early visual processing. Neural Networks, 1:91í97, ë77ë T. Yagi, Y. Funahashi und F. Ariki. Dynamik model of dual layer neural network for vertebrate retina. In Proceedings of the 1989 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks, Seiten Iè787íIè789, ë78ë Haruo Kobayashi, Joseph L. White und Asad A. Abidi. An active resistor network for gaussian æltering of images. IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, 26è5è:738í748, Mai ë79ë J.L. White und A.A. Abidi. Parallel analog circuits for real time signal processing: Design and analysis. In Proceedings of ISCAS'89, Seiten 70í73, ë80ë Chung-Yu Wu und Chiu Chin-Fong. A new structure of the 2-d silicon retina. IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, 30è8è:891í897, August ë81ë Christopher B. Umminger und Charles G. Sodini. Switched capacitor networks for focal plane image processing systems. IEEE Transactions on Circuits & Systems for Video, 2è4è:392í400, Dezember ë82ë Andreas G. Andreou, Kwabena A. Boahen, Philippe O. Pouliquen, Aleksandra Pavasoviçc, Robert E. Jenkins und Kim Strohbehn. Current-mode subthreshold MOS circuits for analog VLSI neural systems. IEEE Trans. on Neural Networks, 2è2è:205í 213, Míarz ë83ë Andreas G. Andreou und Kwabena A. Boahen. Translinear circuits in subthreshold MOS. Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, 9:141í166, ë84ë Kwabena A. Boahen und Andreas G. Andreou. A contrast sensitive silicon retina with reciprocal synapses. In Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, Band 4, Seiten 764í772. Morgan Kauæman, San Mateo CA, ë85ë E.A. Vittoz und X. Arreguit. Linear networks based on transistors. Letters, 29è3è:297í299, Februar Electronics ë86ë Eric A. Vittoz. Pseudo-resistive networks and their applications to analog collective computation. In Proceedings of the 6th international Conference on Microelectronics for Neural Networks, Evolutionary & Fuzzy Systems èmicroneuro'97è, Seiten 163í 173, 1997.

8 LITERATURVERZEICHNIS 143 ë87ë Philippe Venier. A contrast sensitive silicon retina based on conductance modulation in a diæusion network. In Proceedings of the 6th international Conference on Microelectronics for Neural Networks, Evolutionary & Fuzzy Systems èmicroneuro'97è, Seiten 145í148, ë88ë Barrie Gilbert. Translinear circuits: A proposed classiæcation. Electronics Letters, 11è1è:14í16, Januar ë89ë Barrie Gilbert. Translinear circuits: An historical overview. Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, 9:95í118, ë90ë Evert Seevinck. Analysis and Synthesis of Translinear Integrated Circuits. Elsevier, ë91ë Alan V. Oppenheim und Alan S. Willsky. Signale und Systeme. VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, ë92ë Abdul J. Jerry. Linear Diæerence Equations with Discrete Transform Methods. Kluwer Academic Publishers, ë93ë Ronald E. Mickens. Diæerence equations. Van Nostrad Reinhold, ë94ë Lennart Rade und Bertil Westergren. Springers Mathematische Formeln. Springer- Verlag, ë95ë Robert Vich. ZTransform Theory and Applications. D. Reidel Publishing Company, ë96ë Bertram E. Shi und Leon O. Chua. Resistive grid image æltering: Inputèoutput analysis via the CNN framework. IEEE Trans. on Circuits and Systems, 39è7è:531í 548, Juli ë97ë Dan E. Dudgeon und Russel M. Mersereau. Multidimensional Digital Signal Processing. Prentice-Hall, Inc., ë98ë Wu Sheng Lu und Andreas Antoniou. Two-Dimensional Digital Filters. Dekker, INC., Marcel ë99ë Alan V. Oppenheim und Ronald W. Schafer. Digital Signal Processing. Prentice- Hall, Inc., ë100ë Gert Hauske. Systemtheorie der visuellen Wahrnehmung. B.G. Teubner Stuttgart, 1994.

9 LITERATURVERZEICHNIS 144 ë101ë Eric Vittoz und Jean Fellrath. CMOS analog integrated circuits based on weak inversion operation. IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, sc-12è3è:224í231, Juni ë102ë Bing J. Sheu, Donald L. Scharfetter, Ping-Keung Ko und Min-Chie Jeng. BSIM: Berkeley short-channel IGFET model for MOS transistors. IEEE Journal of Solid- State Circuits, sc-22è4è:558í566, August ë103ë Christian C. Enz, Françcois Krummenacher und Eric A. Vittoz. An analytical MOS transistor model valid in all regions of operation and dedicated to low-voltage and low-current applications. Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, 8:83í 114, ë104ë S.M. Sze. Physics of Semiconductor Devices. John Wiley & Sons, ë105ë Paul A. Gary und John G. Linvill. Modeling of steady-state optical phenomena in transistors and diodes. IEEE Trans. on Electron Devices, ED-15è5è, Mai 1968.

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