1 EUCIP - IT Administrator Module 1 - PC Hardware Version 2.0
2 Module 1 Goals Module 1 The PC Hardware module requires the candidate to know and recognise the basic physical make-up of a personal computer as well as its functions. Furthermore, he should be able to diagnose and repair the hardware problems that may occur. The candidate should be capable of working effectively, updating the hardware and operate as a market consultant for the hardware the company buys. CATEGORY KNOWLEDGE AREA REF. KNOWLEDGE ITEM 1.1 Introduction to Basic Components Understand the basic concepts of Personal hardware and software Computer Know the basic components of a PC Understand the basic function of a PC, Different types of PCs input, processing, storage, output data Differences between Standard PC, Workstation and Server Know Apple computers main properties Know about mobile computing (Notebook, PDA, Tablet Computer) and Network computer Know the main constraints of notebook computers 1.2 Motherboards Function Understand the role of a motherboard Know the basic integrated functions of a motherboard Know the basic components of a motherboard, such as CPU slot/socket, chipset, cache memory, buses, ports, expansion slots etc Be able to identify the basic components of a motherboard Types and differences Know the different types of motherboards and the differences between them, such as AT, ATX, BTX, LPX, NLX etc Be aware of the different types of connectors each motherboard has 1.3 BIOS Basic features Know what BIOS is, where is it stored and its functions Understand the terms: POST, SETUP, CMOS, Firmware and their function Know the basic settings we can adjust from BIOS Upgrading Know how to check the current BIOS version Know how and when to upgrade the BIOS Be able to check or modify the settings in BIOS which concern PnP. 1.4 Microprocessors Basic features Know what is the main task of a CPU.
3 Be aware of the terms: CPU speed, Overclocking, multiple factor. Also know the factors, which may affect them Know the basic components and their function, such as core, registers, FPU, L1 cache, Buses etc Be aware of the factors that determine the processor s capacity Know the difference between RISC and CISC architectures Be aware of the different CPU voltages and how it can be regulated Types and differences Be aware of the different processor makers Be aware of the different personal computers families of processors Know the differences between different CPU s (such as Pentium, Athlon, Xeon, Crusoe, Efficeon, PowerPC, ARM, ecc...), their capacities and their limitations Slots and Sockets Understand and distinguish the difference between slots and sockets Be aware of main types of slots, sockets and CPU packages Know how to install main types of packages Know thermal CPU problems and how they are solved 1.5 Memory RAM Understand the terms RAM and ROM and know the differences between them Know the difference between static and dynamic memory Know the different types of memory modules, such as SIMM, DIMM and RIMM. Also be aware of their function Know the features of the different types of modules (DRAM/SDRAM/DDR), such as speed, capacity etc Understand the terms Parity and ECC memory, their function and why they are used Be aware of the number of bits each type of memory module uses. Also understand the term Banking ROM Be aware of the function of ROM memory. Also know its features. Know the different types of ROM, such as PROM, EPROM, EEPROM and their features Cache Understand the benefits of cache memory Know how cache memory works.
4 Know the different types of cache and their location Know the differences between L1 and L2 cache Know the differences between write back and write through cache Know how disk cache works. 1.6 Buses Structure and bandwidth Know what a bus is and its function. 1.7 System Resources Different types of buses Understanding system resources Manage system resources 1.8 Interfaces Parallel ATA interface Know the structure of a bus. Address bus, data bus, control bus Know the function of address bus, data bus, and control bus Know how the bandwidth can affect an address bus Know how the bandwidth can affect a data bus Be aware of the terms Front Side Bus and Back Side Bus Know what I/O buses are and their function Know the various I/O buses, such as ISA, MCA, EISA, PCI, PCI-Express, PC-card, USB, Firewire. Know the main differences between them Know how different buses communicate (or cooperate ) together Know the system resources a disk controller uses Know new standard PCI Express, its function and its advantages Know the basic system resources, such as I/O port addresses, IRQ s and DMA s Know what I/O port addresses are and their function Know what IRQ s are and their function Know what DMA s are and their function Be aware of APIC Be able to check the used and available system resources Be able to change system resources Be able to configure the system resources of new hardware Know the different interfaces Be aware of the way IDE interface works, their limitations and their capacities Know the different types of IDE, such as ATA, DMA and Ultra DMA.
5 Understand the terms: Primary IDE, Secondary IDE, Master and Slave Know how many IDE drives can a PC handle and how to configure them using the BIOS settings SCSI interface Know how the SCSI interface works and its differences, comparing to PATA Understand the terms Host adapter, SCSI ID, LUN and Terminator Know the main types of SCSI, their capacities and limitations Know how many SCSI devices a SCSI chain can handle and how to configure them Be able to recognize the different SCSI cables and connectors. Also know how to connect SCSI devices to them Serial ATA interface Know SATA interface Know how the SATA interface works and its differences, comparing to PATA USB Interface Know the different USB interfaces, working principles, capacities and limitations Physical USB connection Know how many USB devices can be used and limitation Be aware of USB Version FireWire Interface Know the different FireWire interfaces, working principles, capacities and limitations Physical FireWire connection Know how many FireWire devices can be used and limitations InfraRed interface Know the different infrared interfaces, working principles, capacities and limitations Physical infrared connection Know how many infared devices can be used and limitations Bluetooth Know Bluetooth connection work Typical applications (PDA, Mobile Phones, printers, etc.) Memory Card Know the different types of memory card (Flash, SD, Memory Stick, etc.) Be aware of card reader RAID Controller Know RAID configuration types: performance & security Know Hot Swap drive Know PATA RAID Controller Card Know Raid Controller Card SATA version.
6 Know SCSI RAID Controller Card. 1.9 Mass storage Principles Know how a disk works and the way data is stored on it. Understand the terms track, sector, cylinder, cluster, CHS Know the structure of a floppy disk Know how to partition a hard disk. Also know the terms Logical drives and Active partition Know how to install a floppy disk, hard drive e CD-ROM drive. Also know which cables are necessary and how to connect them Know how many disk drivers a PC can handle and how to configure them using the BIOS settings Know the translation methods ECHS and LBA and the differences between them Other magnetic media Understand the terms Low level format, Partition, High level format Be aware of the differences of technologies as (CD-R, CD-RW, DVD+/- R, DVD+/-RW, Double Layer, Blue Ray) SLR, DAT, DLT, etc Be aware of jukebox units 1.10 Video Display Monitor Be aware of the most common monitor types, such CRT and TFT and how they work Be aware of the factors, which can determine the image quality, such as resolution, refresh rate, number of colours Graphics adapter Be aware of the most common modes of resolution, such as VGA, SVGA, and XGA Be aware of the most important components of a graphics adapter, such as GPU, memory, Video BIOS, RAMDAC and their function Be aware of the most common video memory types, from SDRAM to DDR2 SDRAM. Also know the differences between them and their advantages Know different type of AGP, its function and its advantages Know thermal problems and cooling hints Graphics library Be aware of DirectX Be aware of OpenGL 1.11 Printers Types Be aware of the different printing technologies, such as dot-matrix, inkjet and laser.
7 Know how a dot matrix printer works, its benefits and limitations Know how an inkjet printer works, its benefits and limitations Know how a laser printer works, its benefits and limitations Be aware of Thermal transfer and Sublimation process 1.12 Network Hardware Installing and managing Be aware of the different parallel ports, such as standard, ECP and EPP. Also know the differences between them Be aware of the different ways in which a PC can communicate to a printer, such as parallel, serial, USB, wireless and LAN Basic components Know a simple network structure Network Equipment Know NIC (Network Interface Card) Be aware of different HUB types Different SWITCH types (ports, Managed, unmanaged, etc) Be aware of VoIP capable switch Be aware of router, bridge and firewall hardware Network storage Be aware of NAS (Network Attached Storage) Wi-Fi Know how Wi-Fi connection works Know the main types of Wi-Fi, their capabilities and limitations Be aware of the typical applications (notebooks, printers, etc.) Be aware of access point, PCI adapter and wireless PC card Types and function Know Analog modem Know ISDN adapter Know ADSL modem Be aware of electric wireline NIC/modem Connection ports Be aware of internal version (PCI, integrated) Be aware of external versions (Serial, USB, Bluetooth, PC Card) Mobile phone Be aware of GSM/GPRS/EDGE/UMTS 1.13 Power Supply Types and function Understand the terms Volt, Ampere, Ohm, Watt, alternating current and direct current Know the function of a power supply and different types; the different voltage in the wires.
8 Know the different connections to peripherals, their names and their appearance Be aware of APM and ACPI ESD Know what a surge protector is and how it works. Know what Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) is and when it occurs. Also know the damage it causes Know how to protect your hardware from ESD damage. Also know how the weather conditions affect the ESD UPS Know what UPS is and its function. Also know how the different types of UPS work and communicate with a PC Be aware of power-on current peack on switching PSU 1.14 Installation of new hardware 1.15 Diagnosing and Troubleshooting Install and replace hardware Hardware problems Be able to install and replace a basic component, such as CPU, memory, power supply, motherboard, hard disk, graphics adapter, etc Be able to install a second hard disk or CD-ROM and configure it Be able to install expansion cards, such as sound card, network interface card etc Be able to install a modem or other communication devices Be able to install a wireless device Be able to install SCSI host adapter and SCSI devices and configure them. Also be able to install and configure other peripheral devices, such as scanners, printers, external backup stations etc Be able to install normal controller adapter or RAID controller version. Also be able to configure it Be able to install a network equipment Be able to recognise any error message during start up. Also know what to do to resolve the problem Be able to recognise an error message from a basic component Be able to check the available installed hardware and its configuration. Also be able to create the necessary documentation Be able to check the used resources, such as I/O addresses, IRQs and DMAs Be able to check for resource conflict, using an available diagnostic program. Also, know what to do if resource conflict occurs.
9 Know how to test a Power supply works effectively Be able to recognise a printer error message. Also know what to do to resolve the problem Trends Trends Be aware of modding Be aware of extreme cooling Be aware of embedding Be aware of wearable PC
EUCIP IT Administrator - Module 1 PC Hardware Syllabus Version 3.0 Copyright 2011 ECDL Foundation All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form except as permitted by ECDL
A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e Chapter 1 Introducing Hardware Objectives Learn that a computer requires both hardware and software to work Learn about the many different hardware components
Introducing Hardware Chapter #1 Amy Hissom Key Terms 1. Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) - a power management specification developed by Intel, Microsoft, and Toshiba. ACPI, which will
Overview Motherboards In this chapter, you will learn to Explain how motherboards work Identify the types of motherboards Explain chipset varieties Upgrade and install motherboards Troubleshoot motherboard
Chapter 5 Busses, Ports and Connecting Peripherals 1 The Bus bus - groups of wires on a circuit board that carry information (bits - on s and off s) between computer components on a circuit board or within
Unit - II Important internal devices of CPU By completing this module, you will be able to understand and learn the following Important parts of CPU Mother Board and its components Memory RAM & ROM Sound
Job Ready Assessment Blueprint Computer Repair Technology Test Code: 4515 / Version: 01 Copyright 2015. All Rights Reserved. General Assessment Information Blueprint Contents General Assessment Information
EUCIP IT Administrator - Fundamentals Syllabus Version 1.0 Copyright 2011 ECDL Foundation All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form except as permitted by ECDL Foundation.
COMPUTER HARDWARE & SERVICING QUESTION BANK UNIT 1 PART A 1. Define processor socket 2. What do you mean by chipset 3. Define jumpers 4. What is the use of a port 5. Define motherboard form factor 6. What
Practice Test for the 220-801 Domain 1 - PC Hardware (Brought to you by RMRoberts.com) This is a practice test designed to determine if you are ready to take the CompTIA 220-801 certification test. Only
CompTIA A+ 220-801 Certification Exam Objectives - Study Guide Exam Number: 220-801 (Brought to you by RMRoberts.com) Introduction The CompTIA A+ Certification requires the test candidate to pass two exams.
I. Ch 6 The System Unit A. Competencies 1. Describe the four basic types of system units. 2. Discuss how a computer uses binary codes to represent data in electronic form. 3. Describe each of the major
TEST CHAPTERS 1 & 2 OPERATING SYSTEMS True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. 1. Changes that you make in virtual machines do not affect your physical computer. 2. The size of a bus
Chapter 6 The System Unit McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright 2008 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 1 Introduction Speed, capacity, and flexibility determine the power of microcomputers.
Chapter Specification 85MIV2 / 85MIV2-L -- Components Locations RJ45 LAN Connector for 85MIV2-L only PS/2 Peripheral Mouse (on top) Power PS/2 K/B(underside) RJ45 (on top) +2V Power USB0 (middle) USB(underside)
COURCE TITLE DURATION CompTIA A+ Certification 40 H. Overview: The target student is anyone with basic computer user skills who is interested in: obtaining a job as an IT professional or PC technician.
Components of the System Unit The System Unit A case that contains the electronic components of the computer used to process data. The System Unit The case of the system unit, or chassis, is made of metal
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BIOS The BIOS setup, also called CMOS setup, is a crucial part of the proper setting up of a PC the BIOS (Basic Input Output System) tells the operating system the characteristics of the main basic components
What You Will Learn... Computers Are Your Future Chapter 6 Understand how computers represent data Understand the measurements used to describe data transfer rates and data storage capacity List the components
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AGP Basic Computer Hardware Notes Copy All The Accelerated Graphics Port is a high speed connection to the motherboard for video cards. Faster than a PCI card and doesn t use the system memory. BIOS The
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E760 PC133 AGP-4X Motherboard USER S MANUAL Product Name: ASUS Manual Revision: 1.02 E760 Release Date: April 2001 FEATURES Motherboard Parts FEATURES Motherboard Components See opposite page for locations.
Terms and abbreviations: port an electrical connection using multiple wires to send data typically between a computer and a device interface a standardized method of communicating data typically between
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Chapter 4 System Unit Components Discovering Computers 2012 Your Interactive Guide to the Digital World Objectives Overview Differentiate among various styles of system units on desktop computers, notebook
Objectives The Central Processing Unit: What Goes on Inside the Computer Chapter 4 Identify the components of the central processing unit and how they work together and interact with memory Describe how
Processing Data The difference between data and information All computers can do is recognise two distinct physical states; essentially they can understand whether a switch is on or off. The brain of the
Chapter 2 Installation Procedures The mainboard has several user-adjustable jumpers/switches on the board that allow you to configure your system to suit your requirements. This chapter contains information
The Motherboard Chapter #5 Amy Hissom Key Terms Advanced Transfer Cache (ATC) A type of L2 cache contained within the Pentium processor housing that is embedded on the same core processor die as the CPU
Axis Technologies Computer Hardware and Electronics Portfolio Categories SEPTEMBER 2008 Barebone Accessories Barebone Systems Media Center Barebone Systems Mini / Booksize Barebone Systems Bluetooth Headsets
b Computer Setup (F10) Utility Guide Evo Desktop Family Evo Workstation Family Document Part Number: 215867-004 May 2002 This guide provides instructions on how to use Computer Setup. This tool is used
Describe the six basic types of system units. Discuss how a computer can represent numbers and encode characters electronically. Describe each of the major system unit components. Discuss microprocessors,
WILLIAM PATERSON UNIVERSITY OF NEW JERSEY COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND HEALTH Computer Science Department Course Outline 1. Title of Course, Course Number, and Credits: Fundamentals of Computer Hardware, CS235,
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Before You Begin Parts NOT in the Kit This kit contains all the hardware necessary to install and connect your new EVGA nforce motherboard. However, it does not contain the following items that must be
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CompTIA A+ Certification (A+) Duration: 10 days Introduction CompTIA A+ certification validates the latest skills needed by today's computer support professionals. It is an international, vendor-neutral
The Central Processing Unit: What Goes on Inside the Computer Chapter 4 Objectives Identify the components of the central processing unit and how they work together and interact with memory Describe how
CHAPTER 1 Introduction to the Personal Computer Objectives Upon completion of this chapter, you should be able to answer the following questions: What are IT industry certifications? What is a computer
PERSONAL COMPUTERS 1 2 Personal computer a desktop computer a laptop a tablet PC or a handheld PC Software applications for personal computers include word processing spreadsheets databases web browsers
EUCIP IT Administrator - Module 2 Operating Systems Syllabus Version 3.0 Copyright 2011 ECDL Foundation All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form except as permitted
Chapter 4 The Components of the System Unit Chapter 4 Objectives Differentiate among various styles of system units Differentiate among the various types of memory Identify chips, adapter cards, and other
Computer Components Study Guide In this lesson, we will briefly explore the basics of identifying the parts and components inside of a computer. This lesson is used to introduce the students to the inside
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CHAPTER 5 Motherboards In this chapter, you will learn: About the different types of motherboards and how to select one How to support and configure a motherboard How to install or replace a motherboard
Specifications for the Gateway M1300 Tablet PC Specifications are subject to change without notice or obligation. Processor and Core Logic Processor options Chipset Processor packaging Level 2 cache Core
Guide HP Compaq dx2200 Microtower Business PC Document Part Number: 413759-001 January 2006 This guide provides instructions on how to use Computer Setup. This tool is used to reconfigure and modify computer
5 Computer Organization 5.1 Source: Foundations of Computer Science Cengage Learning Objectives After studying this chapter, students should be able to: List the three subsystems of a computer. Describe
Page 1 of 66 Printer Friendly Version User Name: Stanley Young email Id: firstname.lastname@example.org Book: A+ Guide to Hardware: Managing, Maintaining and Troubleshooting 2007 Cengage Learning Inc. All rights
Understanding and Installing Hard Drives Chapter #8 Amy Hissom Key Terms 80 conductor IDE cable An IDE cable that has 40 pins but uses 80 wires, 40 of which are ground wires designed to reduce crosstalk
COMPONENTS IN THE SYSTEM UNIT System Unit The system unit is a box-like case (usually rectangular in shape) that houses the electronic components of the computer. For a desktop computer, the electronic
Discovering Computers 2008 Chapter 4 The Components of the System Unit 1 Chapter 4 Objectives Differentiate among various styles of system units Differentiate among the various types of memory Identify
H ARDWARE C ONSIDERATIONS for Sidewinder 5 firewall software Dell Precision 530 This document provides information on specific system hardware required for running Sidewinder firewall software on a Dell
Parts of a Computer Preparation Grade Level: 4-9 Group Size: 20-30 Time: 75-90 Minutes Presenters: 1-3 Objectives This lesson will enable students to: Identify parts of a computer Categorize parts of a
This provides examples, hint and basic outline of the examination of TESDA in Computer Hardware and Servicing NC II 1. LIST OF TOOLS AND MATERIALS / INVENTORY (Written) Following are examples 2. OCCUPATIONAL
Chapter 5 Computing Essentials 2014 Edited/Modified by Nicole Tobias 2014 by McGraw-Hill Education. This proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not 2014 by McGraw-Hill Education. This
Chapter 05 The System Unit Multiple Choice Questions 1. With these systems, input and output devices are located outside the system unit. A. Desktop systems B. Personal digital assistants C. Smartphones
When a computer is switched on it runs through a number of tests called POST, Power On Self Test. Normally if all goes well a single beep will sound (depending on BIOS type). If there are problems then
Objectives IDE/ATA Interface In this part, you will -Learn about each of the ATA standards -Identify the ATA connector and cable -Learn how to set jumpers for master, slave and cable select configurations
435487389_ch0_CTP.qxd 7/6/09 9:00 PM Page CHAPTER Introducing Hardware In this chapter, you will learn: That a computer requires both hardware and software to work About the many different hardware components
Hardware What s inside the box? Inside the case Motherboard CPU Hard Disk Memory Ethernet Card Optical Drive Power Supply Fan Video Card Sound Card http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-gqmtitmdas Motherboard
Electricity and Power Supplies Chapter #4 Amy Hissom Key Terms Active backplane A type of backplane system in which there is some circuitry, including bus connectors, buffers, and driver circuits, on the
AG-6 Assembly Guide 750 Naples Street San Francisco, CA 94112 (415) 584-6360 http://www.pumpkininc.com Replacing the Wide-Ultra SCSI Hard Drive in a Compaq Professional Workstation 5100 with an Introduction
Overview Effective dates: September 2005 - August 2006. This Specification describes the procedures for providing desktop microcomputers, laptop microcomputers, printers, and internet service for use on
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Computer Hardware HARDWARE Hardware: the collection of physical elements that comprise a computer system. Bülent Ecevit University Department of Environmental Engineering 1. Case and inside 2. Peripherals
15.561 Information Technology Essentials Session 2 Fundamentals of Computing II Copyright 2003 Thomas Malone, Chris Dellarocas Acknowledgments:. Adapted from slides by Chris Dellarocas, U. Md.. Outline:
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A+ Unit Two: Hardware Basics Student Name Member of Team Team Lead AM/PM A+ Test Essentials 701 2.2 Explain motherboard components, types and features A+ Certification Objectives Covered I/O interfaces