I.I ISTITUTO IDROGRAFICO DELLA MARINA ANNUAL REPORT 2014

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1 I.I ISTITUTO IDROGRAFICO DELLA MARINA ANNUAL REPORT 2014 GENOVA 2015

2 Copyright, IIM Genova 2015 Passo Osservatorio, Genova Tel Telefax: PEC: PEI: Questo documento contiene dati protetti da Copyright. Qualsiasi riproduzione o adattamento in qualsiasi forma, anche parziale, ivi comprese elaborazioni numeriche o fotocopie, è vietata senza una preventiva autorizzazione scritta da parte dell Istituto Idrograco della Marina. Stampato dall Istituto Idrograco della Marina Ufcio Editoriale Giugno 2015

3 LIST OF CONTENTS FINALLY, NEW HEADQUARTERS FOR IIM ISTITUTO IDROGRAFICO RESEARCH AND SURVEY IIM SURVEY CAMPAIGNS THE MAGNAGHI THE ARETUSA THE GALATEA THE LEONARDO RESEARCH AND COOPERATION PROJECTS PRODUCTION CHARTS NAUTICAL DOCUMENTS PUBLICATIONS TRAINING COURSES AT IIM COURSES OUTSIDE IIM BOARD OF PROFESSORS EXTERNAL RELATIONS AGREEMENTS VIDEOS AND PUBLICATIONS EVENTS CONFERENCES AND MEETINGS VISITS OUR ORGANIZATION ANNEXES DIRECTION , AN ASSESSMENT GLOSSARY

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5 A long-awaited event took place in 2014 on December 20th the agreement for the relocation of IIM to the Selom building at Calata Gadda, in the Old Harbour of Genoa, was nally signed. The Selom building is sizable and, once properly renovated, it will allow for the IIM to expand and develop both as a cartographic service and as a research centre. The Fortress of San Giorgio was deemed insufcient already in the late 19th century and in the last 100 years or so many possible new locations were suggested. Just to name a few, the Fortress of San Martino in the 50s, an area in Vignolo, between Genova Pegli and Prà, in the 70s, another one in Genova Pegli in the 80s, the Cotton Warehouses in the Old Harbour in the 90s. From 2008 onwards, the search for the new headquarters became more focused as the Fortress of San Giorgio was proving more and more inadequate for the new production processes. In 2014 the agreement for the new location was nally signed and the reconstruction works should be starting soon. On December 20th, an agreement for the cooperation of Regione Liguria and the Italian Navy was signed as well, in order to promote partnerships among national and international research centres and organizations for the protection of the environment and the safety of the sea. The object is to exploit the Defense professional staff and infrastructures in times of peace as the Navy Chief of Staff, Admiral Giuseppe De Giorgi, stated in his speech. Everything must be dual use. 5

6 The agreement signed by Regione Liguria and the Italian Navy involves the IIM in many activities, among which: forecasting ood and climate variations and managing the relevant impact, hydrographic projects for Liguria, ARPAL and University, water surveying and sampling and relevant assessment and specic projects to allow young people to enter the labour market and to improve marine culture and education. The agreements were signed at the IIM headquarters in the Fortress of San Giorgio. The Minister of the Defense Roberta Pinotti, the Navy Chief of Staff Admiral Giuseppe De Giorgi, the president of the Port Authority Luigi Merlo, the Liguria Maritime Authority Director and Commanding Ofcer of the Port of Genoa Admiral Vincenzo Melone, the director of the State Property Ofce Roberto Reggi, the Deputy Mayor of the City of Genoa Stefano Bernini, and the president of Regione Liguria Claudio Burlando were present. 6

7 THE ISTITUTO IDROGRAFICO DELLA MARINA The Istituto Idrograco, within the Italian Navy, is the Italian Hydrographic Ofce, in charge of all the ofcial nautical documents published in Italy. IIM s mission is to support and contribute to the safety of navigation and to the national defence, as well as to promote the study of all sea-related matters and the protection of the marine environment. In order to accomplish its mission, the Istituto Idrograco della Marina carries out the following activities: hydro-oceanographic research and survey; production, publication and updating of ofcial nautical documentation; training, for military and civilian personnel. In 2014, the whole production cycle of nautical publications, from the processing of the data collected by the survey vessels to the building and updating of paper charts and ENCs, was carried out by 240 IIM employees, both military and civilian. Hydro-oceanographic surveys are organized in accordance with the National Charting Plan and with the guidelines from the Italian Navy Chief of Staff, based on specic requirements by the Department of the Defence and on the nautical documentation required. Regular surveys of the Italian coasts and seas are performed over 550,000 square kilometres of sea waters and more than 7,800 kilometres of coastline using Italian Navy vessels and IIM teams. After a preliminary processing on board the survey vessels, the collected data are validated at the IIM headquarters, where they are downloaded into specic databases and used to compile and update nautical documents. These currently consist of three chart portfolios (paper, digital and kits) and a number of publications, including Sailing Directions, List of Lights and Signals, Tide Tables, and Radio Signals. Updates are regularly communicated through Notices to Mariners, issued fortnightly. NtMs can also be downloaded free of charge from the IIM page in 7

8 I T L Annual Report 2014 SVIZZERA UNGHERIA CROAZIA FRANCIA BOSNIA - ERZEGOVINA MONACO SAN MARINO A MONTENEGRO CROAZIA I A T U N I S I A ALGERIA MALTA Legenda Rilievi svolti nell'anno 2014 MARI D'ITALIA STATO DEI RILIEVI NEI MARI ITALIANI AL 31 DICEMBRE 2014 Area rilevata con metodi superati Area rilevata con sistemi moderni ma da adeguare agli standard attuali Area rilevata con sistemi moderni secondo gli standard attuali "Modus Vivendi" Italia - Malta Limiti concordati LIBIA piattaforma continentale italiana 8

9 1. RESEARCH AND SURVEYS In 2014 IIM research and survey activities were carried out by IIM staff, with IIM equipment, on board Italian Navy vessels. A team of hydrographers on board the Italica took part in the 29th expedition within the Antarctica Research National Program. IIM s contribution to the Research Program consists mainly of bathymetry data collecting, geodetic and topographic surveying of the areas involved by the research and of the denition of the coastline near the Italian base of Terra Nova Bay, on the Ross Sea. Lieutenant Fabio Marziani from the Aretusa and Lieutenant Ottavio Patulli from the Magnaghi sailed from Lyttleton (New Zeland) to the Mario Zucchelli Italian base and collected 80% of the data required to build International Nautical Chart No. 885 (INT 9000). 9

10 In detail: SURVEY N O CHART AREA/ LOCATION SURVEY BEGINNING/ END SURVEY DURATION - DAYS TOTAL VALIDATION - DAYS TOTAL DURATION - DAY LENGTH KM AREA KM L 885 Sea Ross Antarctica 06/01/14 08/02/

11 Annual Report SURVEYS BY IIM In 2014 the IIM carried out speci c surveys in the port of Genoa and in Molfetta. An IIM team carried out hydrographic surveys in the Tuscan Archipelago on board the Leonardo. In 2014 the IIM geodetic team operated in Sicily and in Abruzzo, as well as helping Navy units in their operational campaigns. HYDROGRAPHIC (IDROSPED) SURVEY SURVEY TOTAL BEGINNING/ VALIDATION - DAYS DURATION - DAYS DURATION - DAYS END SURVEY NO CHART AREA/ LOCATION LENGTH IN KM AREA KM2 // 54 Estuary of Rio San Pietro and Canale di Calma, Pra 15/01/14 02/04/ // 55 Molo Nuovo Port of Genova 03/04/ S.N. 196 Port of Molfetta 09/06/ /06/ S.N. 55 Molo Giano Port of Genova 30/06/ /07/ A 116 Isle of Gorgona 20/09/14 25/09/ A 71 Piombino roadsted 02/10/14 19/10/

12 GEODETIC (GEOSPED) SURVEY N O CHART SURVEY TYPE AND ORDER AREA / LOCATION SURVEY BEGINNING/END ACTUAL DURATION - DAYS VALIDATION - DAYS TOTAL DURATION - DAYS POINTS/ STATIONS S.N. 271 Leveling S.S. n 114 Augusta 06/05/ /05/ D N.C. Topography Vasto 19/05/ /05/ In Sicily levelling activities were carried out and a Kalesto tide gauge was set up in Augusta. Augusta. Vasto, the harbour. Vasto, the lighthouse at Punta Penna. 12

13 1.2 THE MAGNAGHI Maintenance works forced the Magnaghi in the port of La Spezia for a long time. The only survey carried out in 2014 by the vessel s hydrographers, therefore, was in the port of Trieste and, more specically in the basin of S. Giusto, where aircraft carrier Cavour and the new multipurpose antisubmarine frigate Virginio Fasan where accommodated when the frigate was given her combat ag by the Comune di Trieste. Even without their ship, the Magnaghi hydrographers kept themselves busy, however. The data collected during research on deep water corals in eastern Ligurian Sea were validated, published in journals and presented at conventions. In May 2014, Lieutenant Marta Pratellesi, from the Magnaghi, and Prof Roberta Ivaldi, from the IIM, spoke to the general assembly of the European Geosciences Union (EGU 2014, Vienna April 27 May 2), presenting Seaoor morphology: nature of the seabed and the cold water corals of the Levante Canyon - eastern Ligurian Sea, NW Mediterranean, a research project by Nave Ammiraglio Magnaghi, Istituto Idrograco della Marina and Centro Ricerche Ambiente Marino di Santa Teresa (ENEA). The equipment on board the Magnaghi was used to investigate the area - multibeam Elac Seabeam 1050 and Side Scan Sonar Klein The data collected were processed by the staff on board the vessel and by IIM and ENEA scientists. An updated mapping of white corals in the area was thus obtained, 60 years after the rst mapping carried out by admiral Vincenzo Fusco from the Calypso. Said mapping, carried out in the late 60s, focused on cold water corals, shing areas, wrecks and other obstacles on the seabed from the Gulf of Genoa to the estuary of river Arno. Cold water corals are particularly interesting because they account for a peculiar habitat, with a biological diversity three times bigger than in the surrounding areas. The ROV recorded numerous species of Decapods, sh and Echinoderms. Being so rich in biodiversity, cold water corals have become more and more important in the political agendas of many national and international organizations - the Habitats Directive (Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992), for instance, forms the cornerstone of Europe s nature conservation policy. 13

14 The purpose of the operation in the area depicted in Figure 1 was to collect the data necessary to update nautical documentation on the one hand and to carry out scientific research on the seabed nature and specifically on deep coral banks on the other hand. Italian Navy ships are equipped with state of the art equipment and designed to be dual use in terms of enhanced logistic autonomy, support and service flexibility. Furthermore, Italian Navy personnel are highly trained and the Navy s expertise can be made available for civilian purposes. The Italian Navy shares its resources with many Italian research institutes and universities, which carry out joint survey activities while performing their institutional tasks, with no additional costs. Through data integration and the use of seabed-mapping technologies it is possible to obtain a high-resolution (HR) study of seabed morphology and nature, showing 26 OCTOBER 2014 Hydro INTERNATIONAL ecological features and habitats at different spatial scales. The methods used for this hydrographic research are based upon data integration and multiple focusing approaches to identify areas to be investigated with different resolution systems in order to perform data exploitation and multiple usages of available resources. This particular approach and the scientific results obtained prove the power of dual use purposes to make HR maps that can be used by different stakeholders with different aims but only one standard. The Levante Canyon was investigated in autumn 2013 using the high-resolution multibeam echo sounder (MBES) SeaBeam 1050 and side-scan sonar (SSS) Klein3000. The MBES (50kHz) survey was conducted in a 183 km 2 area covering the main part of the Acquisition use QPS QINSy to collect once and use many times Validation use QPS Fledermaus for true space and time 4d environment canyon system (from 150m to 800m depth). Through digital processing techniques, seabed morphology maps, based on shaded-relief bathymetries, were obtained. Echo-strength data (reflectance) can be extracted and presented as seabed backscatter maps that display not only information on sediment types, but also seabed morphodynamics and habitat. MBES data show that the Levante Canyon is a peculiar meandering submarine valley, extending SE-NW (coast direction), strongly structurally controlled, characterised by a main valley with channels and drainage structures that determine fine sediments deposition (low energy hydrodynamic processes). These geometries are typical of a valley with a complex origin, referring to different tectonics and hydrodynamics processes clearly shown by slope maps (Figure 2). In fact, from a combination of shaded-relief bathymetries, slope analysis and backscatter maps, the seabed can be interpreted in terms of both relict and recent processes (erosive-depositional). Swath systems (such as SSS) are most likely to provide the best HR maps made of pictures, particularly over wide areas, such as the Levante Canyon (Figure 3). They provide information on sediment texture and bedform It is clear that the different levels of HR spatial structure and allow for dynamic processes analysis is only limited by the instruments (e.g. sediment transport) to be deduced. and choice of approach made during the For broad-scale mapping of aggregate habitat advancement of the survey. However, the (>1 km 2 ), SSS and MBES are considered to system selection will depend on survey be the most cost-effective means of identifying objectives and scale of the area to be mapped. different sediment types and dynamic For baseline broad-scale mapping of the processes. For small-scale habitat classification continental shelf, where geological features, (<1km 2 ), high-resolution SSS, associated such as sand valley, channels, gullies, with ROV underwater cameras, allows for the sediment waves and reefs are of interest, ground-truthing of the surveyed area. the quantitative data offered by MBES in conjunction with object detection in the order of tens of metres (at 200m depth) is often the preferred choice. However, for inshore areas and depths <50m, where identification of small (<10m) habitat features may be required, a combination of MBES and SSS ensures that both quantitative bathymetric data (0.3m - 1m resolution) and qualitative, high-resolution habitat relief data (10cm resolution) are obtained. In conclusion, Morphodynamics can be shown to integrate morphology (bathymetry) and SSS backscatter maps. Slope is the most variable element and through its analysis, at a regional scale, it is possible to display high/medium sedimentation rate in low gradient sectors (bottom channel). Moreover, on a local scale, it shows hard bottom covered by fine deposits with benthonic features/deep corals. Sharing the power of geospatial information systems Seamless workflow - Acquisition - Validation - Sharing A multiple scale methodology approach was chosen in accordance with instruments and software available on board the Italian Navy ship. MBES data acquired were processed by CARIS HIPS&SIPS software and compared with the IIM database. At first, a seabed map of the area with high detail of the seafloor shapes was obtained, and used for other similar sectors of the canyon catchment area. The canyon is characterised by a gully network with a diverging pattern. On a metric scale (medium scale), acoustic backscatter analysis enables the accurate description of the drainage canyon system (with variable slope up to 30% in the channel sectors) and its geomorphic variability in relation with seabed nature. HR maps enable the identification of sites of interest for substrate dislocation and benthic features. These were investigated at a larger scale (sub-metric) by SSS Klein 3000, kHz (Figure 3). SSS operation was planned in accordance with seafloor canyon morphology and optimising recording data operations on board. In fact, SSS lines were recorded in a selected area from 510 to 370m depth (Figure 4), where the seafloor morphology showed variable and interesting features characterised by different size, shape and slope. Operating with MBES and SSS integrated data, morpho-bathymetric analysis and acoustic characterisation of the sub-bottom made it possible to calibrate a large area by ground-truthing. Figure 5 shows the section, chosen for its morphology, and used for higher resolution analysis with SSS. The presence of round structures (mound) of multi-metric dimensions inside the drainage system must be remarked. The highest values of slope (17%) can be found in the steep canyon heads and flanks. Slope values up to 10% can be seen depicting seabed mounds on the northernmost and central interchannel system. MBES and SSS data show higher acoustic backscatter in the deepest sections of the canyon than in the channels and the changes in the seabed nature on the mounds are highlighted as areas of variable intensity characterised by high level of reflectance typical of substrate. Besides that, SSS images show a flat heterogeneous seabed with signs of trawler fishing (Figure 5). In conclusion, the direct sampling bottom data collected on the mounds displayed the presence of biological communities, mainly typical of a deep muddy bottom and small cold water coral colonies, possibly identified as Madrepora oculata. The hard bottom, probably made of buried coral banks, is also present. The sharing of knowledge and instruments is the basis of this integrated work focused on the study of seafloor features with particular Hydro INTERNATIONAL OCTOBER Annual Report 2014 Lieutenant Pratellesi also published Integrated mapping of seabed features Dual use hydrographic surveys for seabed nature and morphological research in Hydro International. The paper explains the research project and relevant results with particular reference to dual-use potential. In 2014 the Magnaghi team took part in an international competition promoted by Caris, for the selection of the best twelve seabed images to illustrate a calendar. Two sonar images relevant to the Bari area and the gulf of Pozzuoli, processed through Caris software, were submitted by the Magnaghi team. Both images were accepted and one was the most voted in the competition. FEATURE MARTA PRATELLESI, ITALIAN NAVY, ROBERTA IVALDI, PHD, ISTITUTO IDROGRAFICO DELLA MARINA, IVANA DELBONO, ENEA MARINE ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH CENTRE Dual use Hydrographic Surveys for Seabed Nature and Morphological Research Integrated Mapping of Seabed Features The Italian Navy surveyed the Levante Canyon system using survey vessel Ammiraglio Magnaghi and personnel from the Istituto Idrografico della Marina (IIM), in cooperation with ENEA Marine Environment Research Centre. This system is located in the offshore area of Cinque Terre, eastern Ligurian Sea, NW Mediterranean. Mapping Data Figure 1: Map of the research area showing MBES data. Investigated seafloor depth from 150m to 800m (red min/ blue max). Black square: section studied in detail. Figure 3: SSS Klein 3000 system during the Levante Canyon survey operation. Multiple Focusing Figure 2: Slope (%) map showing the particular meandering shape of the canyon system at different scales (valley, channels). The Italian Navy shares its resources with many Italian research institutes and universities Concluding Remarks 3D and 2D acoustic image of the SS Samuel J Tilden Liberty wreck off Bari, the most voted image in the Caris Calendar Contest Figure 4: A: SSS images overlapping MBES data. reference to morphology of the proximal area of the Levante Canyon system. Maps revealing the geophysical characteristics of the seabed represent an essential tool for the effective management of the marine Our geospatial toolbox is a powerful enabler for acquiring, processing and sharing maritime geospatial data. We are working with those engaged globally in maritime projects to have seamless systems that meet needs for integrated tools to improve effectiveness in data management and produc- tion. The modern maritime geomatic business process starts with data collection and input, through validation and visualisation, to producing and sharing data deliverables. Fundamental to this workflow is the use of common data files and the avoidance of intermediate exchange data files. environment because they allow for the widescale geology and present-day (Holocene) sedimentary processes to be determined and understood. Furthermore, the integration of different maps, resulting from the use of different equipment and data processing methods, enabled the research to focus on the best possible area. Operating with SeaBeam 1050 and Klein 3000, seabed morphological characterisation, sediment type discrimination and processes dynamic description, on a wide scale (>1km 2 ) were carried out. Besides that, small-scale habitat classification (<1km 2 up to a centimetre) was achieved thanks to SSS images analysis integrated with direct sampling methods such as grab sampler or underwater camera. During the real-time survey processing, the establishment of a confidence level to each feature of interest, at the different scales, technologies are to be used for habitatmapping purposes. In fact, the ground truth confirmed the area s ecological interest. Thanks to Italian Navy resources, the survey provided not only a detailed mapping of the variable morphology of the proximal area of the Levante Canyon at different scales, but it also investigated the seabed nature and the biological communities in the canyon system for the assessment of a potential Site of Community Importance under the European Commission Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC). Further Reading Delbono, I., Ivaldi, R., Pratellesi, M., Fanelli, E., Peirano, A., Cocito, S., Dialti, L., Delfanti, R., Seafloor morphology: nature of the seabed and the cold water corals of the Levante Canyon (eastern Figure 4: C: SSS acoustic image of the interest seabed referring to a mound structure showing hard and mixed nature bottom (sandy/muddy sediments and small coral colonies) with clear signs of trawler fishing. Figure 4: B: 3D MBES, from the westernmost upper channel down to the deepest part of the Levante Canyon, and the star indicates the site of C image; justified the multiple focusing and HR investigation of the seabed variability and Ligurian Sea, NW Mediterranean). Geophysical Research Abstracts 16, EGU nature using different instruments. Finally, it is highly recommended that Kenny, A. J., Cato, I., Desprez, M. Fader, G., Schuttenhelm, R.T.E., Side J., An overview of appropriate biological ground-truthing Marta Pratellesi is undertaken where remote-sensing seabed-mapping technologies in the context of marine habitat classification. ICES Journal of Marine Science 60, Marta Pratellesi is an Italian Navy Lieutenant and chief Hydrographer of the oceanographic No The solutions for your maritime geomatics data and maritime projects Contact: or Figure 5: Detail of MBES study area and AB is cross profile of a canyon flank and a mound. Kostylev, V.E., Benthic habitat mapping from seabed acoustic surveys: do implicit assumptions hold? In: Sediments, Morphology and Sedimentary Processes on Continental Shelves, Li, M.Z., Sherwood, C.R., Hill, P.R. (eds.); Wiley Blackwell, IAS Spec. Pub., 44, pp Magnaghi. She attended the Naval Academy from 2003 to 2008 and gained a Bachelor degree in Maritime and Naval department on board survey vessel Ammiraglio Science. She took part in several military operations as telecommunication officer. In 2011, she obtained an MSc degree in Marine Geomatics (University of Genoa and Istituto Idrografico della Marina). In 2014, she obtained FIG/IHO/ICA Category A Level Hydrographic Surveyor certification. Roberta Ivaldi Roberta Ivaldi earned a PhD in Environmental Science, Sea Science, (Trieste University, 1997) and an MSc degree in Geological Science (Genoa University, 1993). She has been Associate Professor in Marine Geology at the Istituto Idrografico della Marina since Her research focuses on high-resolution seismic stratigraphy, seabed mapping, physical mechanical properties and microstructures of sediments. Ivana Delbono Ivana Delbono has been a researcher at ENEA Marine Environment Research Centre, La Spezia 3D acoustic image of the Villa dei Pisoni, a Roman building from the 1 st century B.C. in the Baia Underwater Archeological Park, voted in the Caris Calendar Contest Marine Environmental Science, Genoa University (1998) and a PhD in Environmental Science (Physical, Marine and (Italy) since She gained an MSc degree in Coastal Environment), Trieste University (2007). Her research field is Marine Geology and Radioecology. Hydro INTERNATIONAL OCTOBER

15 1.3 THE ARETUSA The Aretusa summer campaign focused on the surveys in Sardinia. In July the Aretusa left La Maddalena for the estuary of the Tiber River for the Plastic Buster research project against plastic pollution at sea, in collaboration with the University of Siena. In 2013 the project had been carried out by the Magnaghi and the Galatea in the Ligurian Sea, with particular reference to the sea mammal sanctuary. HYDROGRAPHY SURVEY N O CHART 20306D D D D A 30093D 323 AREA/LOCATION Porto Cervo Littoral (ord. 1A) Archipelago of La Maddalena West Sheet (ord.1a) Gulf of Congianus and Passo delle Bisce (ord.1a) Gulf of Congianus and Passo delle Bisce (ord.1a) TYPE AND ORDER Coast Offshore Coast SURVEY BEGINNING/ END 26/08/2014 Still in progress 05/06/ /06/ /05/2014 Still in progress ACTUAL DURATION - DAYS VALIDATION - DAYS LENGTH IN KM 1 2 // // Coast // // // // Offshore S.N. 322 Port of Olbia Port S.N. // Ex-Arsenale La Maddalena Port 06/06/2014 Still in progress 27/08/ /10/ /10/ /10/ // GEOPHYSICS - OCEANOGRAPHY SURVEY N O CHART TYPE AND ORDER AREA/LOCATION S.N. // Oceanographic survey and CTD water sampling. Same as hydrographic surveys. S.N. // QTC Seaoor data processing and validating. Same as hydrographic surveys. 15

16 TOPOGRAPHIC/LEVELLING SURVEY N O CHART 50105D D 323 TYPE AND ORDER Completion of geodetic and topographic survey by the Galatea National geodetic network framing, navigation aid determination, conspicuous landmarks, topography check, coastline determination AREA/LOCATION La Maddalena Archip. West Sheet Gulf of Congianus and Passo delle Bisce SURVEY BEGINNING/ END 16/06/ /08/ /07/2014 Still in progress ACTUAL DURATION - DAYS VALIDATION- DAYS The purpose of the Plastic Buster project is to monitor the amount of plastic litter in the sea and plan suitable actions to reduce their impact. Sampling and collecting. 16

17 Researchers from the University of Siena and the Aretusa hydrographic team sampled the waters and the sediment at the estuaries of the Tiber and the Arno rivers to nd out the amount of plastic waste from industrial areas. Testing the sediment and monitoring the amount of plastic litter therein contained is important for an accurate assessment of the increase of plastic waste dumped into the Mediterranean Sea. Core sampling. 17

18 Sample collecting and sieving. 18

19 1.4 THE GALATEA The 2014 campaign of the Galatea started in the Adriatic Sea with the topographic survey of the area around Venice and Marghera. The area around Venice is characterized by very particular tide patterns, so it needs to be continuously monitored for an accurate updating of the relevant charts. TOPOGRAPHY/LEVELLING SURVEY N O CHART 50118B 225 AREA/LOCATION Venezia Marghera Nord 50113D 24 Crotone SURVEY BEGINNING/END Still in progress ACTUAL VALIDATION - DURATION - DAYS DAYS TOTAL DURATION - DAYS

20 In late July the Galatea, on her way to La Spezia, stopped for a while at Punta Penna to carry out the necessary hydrographic surveys of the port of Vasto in order for the IIM to compile a new chart of the port. After La Spezia, the Galatea sailed to the Ionian Sea to carry out hydrographic surveys in the gulf of Taranto and oceanographic activities in cooperation with major national research centers. GEOPHYSICS - OCEANOGRAPHY SURVEY N O AREA/ LOCATION SURVEY BEGINNING/ END ACTUAL DURATION - DAYS TOTAL DURATION - DAYS 4378D Catania D Gulf of Taranto Vasto, from the lighthouse at Punta Penna. HYDROGRAPHY SURVEY N O CHART TYPE AND ORDER AREA/ LOCATION S.N. 244 S Messina NOTES: D 24 1B NOTES: To be completed Crotone Capo Rizzuto 10190B NC216 S Vasto NOTES: - S.N NOTE: To be completed S.N. 153 S NOTES: - Taranto (offshore) Taranto (Navy Base) SURVEY BEGINNING/ END SURVEY ACTUAL VALIDATION - TOTAL LENGTH - AREA - DURATION - DAYS DURATION - KM KM DAYS DAYS

21 1.5 THE LEONARDO The Leonardo has been part of the survey eet used by the IIM since Thanks to an agreement signed by the NATO and the Italian Navy, the Coastal Research Vessel can be used in hydrographic and oceanographic surveys by the Italian Navy at certain times during the year - in 2014, from mid-september to mid-october. TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS Launched on: 03/01/2002; Displacement: 433 t; Length: 29 m; Width: 9 m; Draught: 2,8 m; Propulsion: nr. 2 Main Electric Motors (Azimuth) Schottel SRP330m and nr. 1 Bow Thruster (Azimuth) Schottel SPJ 57RD; Power: nr. 1 Cummins KTA-38 (700 KW) Diesel Generator, No..2 Cummins N-14 (236 KW cd.) Diesel Generators and No. 1 Onan Cummins (35 KW) Diesel Generator; Indicated KW: 1172 KW (1571,68 HP); Speed: 10 kts (Max) 8 (cruising speed); Autonomy: 1200 NM; Crew: 9. 21

22 On September 17 the Leonardo left La Spezia for Livorno, in order to carry out hydrographic surveys in the waters surrounding the Isle of Gorgona and Piombino, for the update of Charts No. 71 and 116. Unfortunately, the bad weather slowed down the operations, but the IIM technicians and the Leonardo crew succeeded in collecting all the necessary data in the set period of time. SURVEY N o CHART TYPE AND ORDER AREA/ LOCATION SURVEY BEGINNING/ END ACTUAL DURATION - DAYS VALIDATION - DAYS TOTAL DURATION - DAYS LENGHT KM AREA KM A 116 ord. 1A Isle of Gorgona 18/09/14 25/09/ A 71 ord. 1A Piombino roadstead 30/09/14 17/10/

23 1.6 RESEARCH AND COOPERATION PROJECTS The Italian Navy is investing more and more in oceanographic research. Many cooperation projects between the Istituto Idrograco and a number of research centres and universities have been signed in the last few years. In 2014, two of them were particularly publicized by the media: The Tomo-Etna experimental campaign, within European Project MED-SUV, in collaboration with the Istituto Nazionale di Geosica e Vulcanologia (INGV). Over 60 researchers from all over Europe, as well as INGV scientists from La Spezia and Catania, on board the Galatea and the Sarmiento De Gamboa, a Spanish research vessel, carried out integrated activities in the gulf of Catania and southern Tyrrhenian Sea to study the subvolcanic and tectonic structure of the crust underlying mount Etna and the surrounding areas, both inland and at sea. Active seismic techniques waves generated with compressed air - and passive seismic techniques natural seismic event recording were employed. The scientists on board the Galatea collected bathymetric, magnetometric and stratigraphic data, as well as hydrologic data to determine the chemical and physical properties of water, while the scientists on board the Sarmiento De Gamboa laid on the seaoor a network of 25 seismic stations to record articial and natural seismic events. The data collected will be shared by the organizations which have taken part in the project and will be used to obtain an accurate tomography of the area, to acquire a better understanding of magma upow, and to investigate sliding mechanisms on the eastern side of the volcano, as well as to study the various faults. 23

24 The MREA14 (Maritime Rapid Environmental Assessment), a campaign in the Gulf of Taranto, promoted by the IIM and carried out from the Galatea in cooperation with the University of Bologna, the INGV, the CNR through the Institute of Marine Science ISMAR and the Institute for Coastal Marine Environment IAMC, the Climate Change Euro-Mediterranean Centre CMCC and the Polytechnic of Bari. The idea is to carry out a number of campaigns at different times of the year to acquire environmental data for rapid decision-making at sea as well as to check and correct oceanographic forecast models (i.e. operational oceanography). An assessment of the quality of oceanographic forecast models small and large scale is crucial, as most oceanographic products used in the Mediterranean sea are based on them. The 2014 campaign was developed in three steps water column sampling and analyzing was repeated at various points and at various times, so as to account for different possible weather conditions throughout the area. The results were sent real-time to all the research institutions involved, in order to obtain a high resolution numerical model exchange and processing network and to allow for a quick comparison between forecast and observed data. It was thus possible to adjust the numerical models for the forecast of currents (both deep and supercial) in the gulf of Taranto. According to prof Pinardi, of the University of Bologna (who is one of the most important experts in the eld of oceanography), the synoptic dataset thus obtained is the best dataset ever developed outside the US. 24

25 The institutions listed above are all part of the GNOO, Gruppo Nazionale di Oceanograa Operativa, which is currently under renovation. The IIM is part of the working group in charge of dening the organization and tasks of the new structure. A study on the dynamics of the Arctic icecap was carried out by the IIM Geophysics Department in cooperation with the IIM professors, to analyze the shifting of the icecap and relevant modications and nd new navigation routes. 25

26 Numeric modelling research is crucial for water circulation simulation, toxic spill spreading and marine forecast, and the IIM oceanographic team has been working hard at it. In particular, a highdenition wave SWAN model for the Gulf of Aden area (see gure) was developed. ISTITUTO IDROGRAFICO DELLA MARINA ISTITUTO IDROGRAFICO DELLA MARINA Wave heigh, 10 - metre wind. Tidal elevation and direction. ISTITUTO IDROGRAFICO DELLA MARINA Wave period and direction. 26

27 2. PRODUCTION 2.1 CHARTS During 2014, the IIM continued to work towards a standardization of all production processes through the creation of a single cartographic database for all IIM products, in order to improve data management efciency. By adopting a databaseoriented approach production can be streamlined, avoiding duplication of efforts and reducing waste. The complex system which is being implemented, consisting of different software applications, will allow for the creation, the management and the updating of a Hydrographic Production Database in line with the international standards. The system consists of a server hosting the database and a number of clients working as a network and handling information in such a way that any changes and amendments are immediately available to all the users. In this way, all nautical documents will be based on a single database, and all data will be digitally coded according to international standards. PAPER CHARTS The Paper Chart Section issues and updates paper charts. Presently, the IIM paper chart portfolio amounts to about 300 charts, covering all waters within IIM competence. Scales range from 1:5.000 (main ports) to 1: and beyond (general planning). The 2014 production is detailed below: NEW EDITIONS: 12 NEW EDITION N O TITLE SCALE EDITION 269 Porto di Siracusa 1: February Da Olbia a Capo di Monte Santu 1: February Stato dei rilievi nei mari italiani al 31 Dicembre : March INT3370 Porto di Civitavecchia 1: May Litorale di Civitavecchia 1: May Dal Promontorio Argentario a Capo Linaro 1: May Porto di Messina 1:5.000 June INT304 Dalle Isole Baleari alla Corsica e alla Sardegna 1: June INT3466 Litorale di Ancona 1: July Da Capo San Marco a Capo Caccia 1: September Litorale di Monfalcone 1: October INT3369 Porto di Livorno 1: December

28 NEW CHARTS: 6 NEW EDITION N O TITLE SCALE EDITION 150 Porto di Corigliano Calabro 1:7.500 July Da Capo di Monte Santu a Capo Ferrato 1: August Litorale di Trieste 1: October Stretto di Sardegna area Ovest 1: November Mar di Sardegna area Sud 1: November Mar di Sardegna area Nord 1: November 2014 REPRINTS: 38 (revised) 7 (unrevised) PATCHES: 68 A patch used for updating nautical charts. 28

29 ELABORAZIONE GRAFICA AD USO ESCLUSIVO MILITARE - RIPRODUZIONE VIETATA. ONLY FOR MILITARY USE - REPRODUCTION PROHIBITED DA NON UTILIZZARE PER LA NAVIGAZIONE MUST NOT BE USED FOR NAVIGATIONAL PURPOSE '30"E Stampata dall'istituto Idrografico della Marina - Genova, 6 Ottobre 2014 Copyright, I.I.M. Genova 'E DA NON UTILIZZARE PER LA NAVIGAZIONE MUST NOT BE USED FOR NAVIGATIONAL PURPOSE 17 14'30"E 17 15'E 17 15'30"E CARTA SPEDITIVA 1:2.500 Rappresentazione di Mercatore (40 26') La topografia è stata estratta dalla Carta ENC 153 dell'istituto Idrografico della Marina. La batimetria deriva dai rilievi idrografici n del 2006 e n. 9051_1 del Le posizioni geografiche sono riferite al Sistema Geodetico Mondiale (WGS 1984) I fondali sono riferiti al livello medio delle basse maree sizigiali. Zo = 0.12 Area Rilievo n. 9051_1 del '30"N Area non idrografata 17 15'30"E ELABORAZIONE GRAFICA AD USO ESCLUSIVO MILITARE - RIPRODUZIONE VIETATA. ONLY FOR MILITARY USE - REPRODUCTION PROHIBITED 40 26'30"N Annual Report 2014 SPECIAL CHARTS In 2014 the Special Chart Section continued working at the MGCP (Multinational Geospatial Co-production Program), whose main purpose is to create and manage a high-resolution vector geospatial database covering the most sensitive areas of the planet. The IIM Special Chart Section provided geospatial support: in the Port And Coastal Survey (PACS) project using REMUS - Remote Environmental Monitoring UnitS; in the ITA-MINEX 2014 operation, for UU.NN. minesweepers (AML and paper charts); to the 30th Naval Group during their voyage around Africa (Gruppo Navale Cavour - Sistema Paese in movimento ); in the MARE NOSTRUM and TRITON operations. The 2014 production is detailed below: TYPE OF CHART N.C. N.E. Special charts 9 Military charts 9 4 Operational charts 17 MGCP cells (new/revised) 1 1/7 Digital data construction 16 Area soggetta a lavori Area non idrografata TARANTO STAZIONE NAVALE MAR GRANDE Legenda Taranto, Mar Grande Naval Station. 1 Plus a further MGCP cell still in progress on 31/12/

30 ELECTRONIC NAVIGATIONAL CHARTS The IIM ENC portfolio includes over 250 cells, updated according to the NtMs. In 2014, 25 ENC cells were issued, as indicated below. ENC NUMERO EDIZIONE TITOLO SCALA DATA EDIZIONE IT Corigliano Calabro Harbour 1:8.000 October 2014 IT Capo Figari to Capo di Monte Santu 1: June 2014 IT Siracusa Harbour 1:8.000 June 2014 IT Mediterranean Sea, western basin 1: February 2014 IT Brindisi Harbour 1:8.000 February 2014 IT Sardinia Sea, offshore Cape to Argentiera to Gulf of Teulada 1: February 2015 IT Approach to Gaeta 1: February 2014 IT Roads of La Spezia 1:8.000 February 2014 IT Torre Specchia Ruggeri to Point Torre Canne 1: December 2013 IT (Central) Tirrenian sea, offshore from Capo Bellavista to Bocche di Bonifacio 1: June 2014 IT Messina Harbour 1:4.000 July 2014 IT Approach to Ancona 1: November 2014 IT Cape Linaro to Anzio 1: February 2014 IT From Nervi to Sestri Levante 1: February 2014 IT Ischia and Procida Channels 1: February 2014 IT Approach to Imperia 1: February 2014 IT Imperia to Bogliasco 1: March 2014 IT Approach to Monfalcone 1: November 2014 IT Approach to Trieste 1: November 2014 IT Pieve Ligure to S.Rossore February 2014 IT Licola to Agnone February 2014 IT Milazzo Cape to Roccella Ionica February 2014 IT Approach to Venezia February 2014 IT Castelsardo to Gulf of Congianus June 2014 IT Genova Harbour, East side February 2014 The IIM paper kit chart portfolio is based on ENCs. It consists of coastal and littoral charts covering waters up to 6-8 miles off the coast. The charts contained in the kits are smaller and easier to use on leisure craft. 30

31 Annual Report 2014 NEW PAPER KIT CHARTS: 4 CHART AND KIT NO TITLE SCALE DATE 7334-P2b Dalla Foce del Fiume Ombrone a Capo d Uomo e Formiche di Grosseto 1: February P2b Da Torre Cannelle a Torre Saline 1: February P2b Promontorio dell Argentario e Isola di Giannutri 1: : February P2b Isola del Giglio 1: February 2014 Aggiornata al 18/03/2015 Aggiornata al 18/03/2015 Aggiornata al 18/03/2015 Aggio rnat a al 18 /03/

32 NEW EDITIONS: 32 CHART AND KIT N O TITLE SCALE 7300-P1 Da Riva Ligure ad Imperia Porto Maurizio 1: From December P1 Da capo Mortola a Capo Berta 1: April P1 Da Imperia a Ceriale 1: April P1 Da Arenzano a Genova Ovest 1: June P2b Da Punta S.Agostino a Ladispoli 1: May P2b Litorale di Civitavecchia - Installazioni 1: May P2b Litorale di Civitavecchia 1: April P3a Da Monte Biancu a Santa Teresa di Gallura 1: From November P3a Isole La Maddalena. S.Stefano, Caprera e Spargi 1: January P3a Golfo di Arzachena 1: January P3a Golfo di Arzachena 1: March P3a Da Isolotto Portisco a Punta delle casette 1: April P3a Da Capo Coda Cavallo a cala Liberotto 1: June P3b Da Scoglio S.Elmo a S.Andrea 1: February P3b Litorale di Cagliari 1: September P4 Litorale di Gaeta 1: April P4 Da Gaeta a Scauri 1: March P4 Litorale di Salerno 1: March P4 Da Porto Badino a Scauri 1: April P4 Da Scauri a Licola 1: April P4 Golfo di Salerno 1: June P4 Litorale di Salerno 1: October P5a Stretto di Messina Villa S. Giovanni 1: February P5a Da Aci Trezza a Penisola Magnisi 1: March P5b Da Torre Mattoni a Torre Pucci 1: July P5b Da Torre Chiancia a Torre Mozza 1: July P5b Da Torre Suda a Torre di Andrano 1: July P7 Da S. Cataldo a Casalabate 1: February P7 Litorale di Brindisi 1: February P7 Da torre S.Sabina a Savelletri 1: February P7 Da Monopoli a Secca Punta d Oro 1: June P7 Da Bari a Molfetta 1: June 2014 DATE 32

33 2.2 NAUTICAL DOCUMENTS In 2014 the Nautical Documents Division processed 7036 reports for the NtM bulletin, issued twice a month. The 2014 production of Update Bulletins is listed below: Charts Blocks Sailing Directions Harbour plans Radio Aids 33 General 36 Catalogues 61 List of Lights 499 Nautical Info 670 NTM III 549 A new edition of Portolano P2 and Portolano P5 was published, as well as a new edition of Elenco fari e segnali da nebbia, Radioservizi per la Navigazione volume I and Premessa agli Avvisi ai Naviganti. 33

34 2.3 PRINTING PUBBLICATION TYPE OF PRODUCT N O OF COPIES PRINTED IN IIM N O OF COPIES PRINTED OUTSIDE TOTALE Pubblicazioni NtMs Bulletins Miscellaneous Large, high quality scans NAUTICAL CHARTS TYPE OF PRODUCT N O OF COPIES PRINTED IN IIM Paper charts Paper Kit charts Other (special requirements) I.I ISTITUTO IDROGRAFICO DELLA MARINA PREMESSA ES AGLI AVVISI AI NAVIGANTI 2014 e AVVISI AI NAVIGANTI DI CARATTERE RE GENERALE Allegato legato al lfasc Fascicolo Avvisi visi ai Naviganti N SUPPLEMENTO AL FASCICOLO QUINDICINALE AVVISI AI NAVIGANTI N. 1/14 4 DEL 08/01/2014 SPEDIZIONE IN N ABBONAMENTO POSTALE Tariffa Regime Libero: Poste Italiane S.p.A..A Spedizione in abbonamento 70% - DCB Genova Da conservarsi rsi per tutto l anno in corso. Dovrà esseree distrutta solamente alla ricezione della successiva Premessa G E N O V A 2014 I.I I S T I T U T O I D R O G R A F I C O D E L L A M A R I N A AVVISI AI NAVIGANTI ( P E R I O D I C O Q U I N D I C I N A L E ) 1 Mercoledì 08 gennaio 2014 CONTENUTO DEL FASCICOLO SEZIONE A 1 - Indice degli Avvisi 2 - Comunicazioni e varie 3 - Annullamento AA.NN. SEZIONE B 1 - Avvisi per le CARTE 2 - Avvisi per i PORTOLANI 3 - Avvisi per i RADIOSERVIZI 4 - Avvisi di CARATTERE GENERALE 5 - Avvisi per i CATALOGHI 6 - Avvisi per L'ELENCO FARI SEZIONE C 1 - INFORMAZIONI NAUTICHE 2 - AVVISI NTM III ABBREVIAZIONI E SIMBOLI - Avviso di fonte italiana (P) - Avviso preliminare (T) - Avviso temporaneo (G) - Avviso generale (R) - Avviso di rettifica A.N. - Avviso ai Naviganti I.N. - Informazione Nautica NOTE Per il razionale impiego del presente fascicolo consultare la "Premessa agli Avvisi ai Naviganti". Gli Avvisi urgenti vengono radiodiffusi dalle stazioni costiere italiane (vedi Radioservizi, Parte I). Gli Avvisi importanti di fonte italiana vengono segnalati direttamente ai principali servizi idrografici del mondo per la loro rapida diffusione. I rilevamenti sono veri e contati da 000 a 360 ; essi sono dati dal largo per i limiti dei settori di luce e per le istruzioni di navigazione; sono dati da punti fissi a terra per la definizione di posizioni. Chiunque trovi inesattezze o lacune negli avvisi del presente fascicolo o possa fornire notizie che interessino la navigazione è pregato di darne sollecita comunicazione a: Istituto Idrografico della Marina Sezione Avvisi ai Naviganti/Informazioni Nautiche Genova - Telefono Telefax o.g Direttore Responsabile Andrea Liaci Registrazione presso il Tribunale di Genova N. 1/86 dei Gli Avvisi ai Naviganti possono essere consultati in Italia presso le Autorità Marittime; all'estero presso i Consolati italiani o sul sito ww. w Tariffa Regime Libero: Poste Italiane an S.p.A. Spedizione in abbonamento - 70% - DCB Genova Abbonamento annuo: Italia 80,00 - Estero 100,00 Copyright, I.I.M. Genova 2014 Documento Ufficiale dello Stato (Legge N68 N.68 - Art t222 com.1 m1 lett. t. Be eco com. 2 lett..a del DPR 90/2010) Questo documento contiene dati protetti da Copyright. É consentita solo l'effettuazione di copie ea ad dus uso oe esclusivamente ente einterno erno necessarie per l'aggiornamento della documentazione nautica. I.I I S T I T U T O I D R O G R A F I C O D E L L A M A R I N A AVVISI AI NAVIGANTI ( P E R I O D I C O Q U I N D I C I N A L E ) 24 Mercoledì 10 dicembre 2014 CONTENUTO DEL FASCICOLO ABBREVIAZIONI E SIMBOLI SEZIONE A 1 - Indice degli Avvisi 2 - Comunicazioni e varie 3 - Annullamento AA.NN. SEZIONE B 1 - Avvisi per le CARTE 2 - Avvisi per i PORTOLANI 3 - Avvisi per i RADIOSERVIZI 4 - Avvisi di CARATTERE GENERALEE 5 - Avvisi per i CATALOGHI 6 - Avvisi per L'ELENCO FARI SEZIONE C 1 - INFORMAZIONI NAUTICHE 2 - AVVISI NTM III - Avviso di fonte italiana (P) - Avviso vis preliminare (T) - Avviso temporaneo (G) - Avviso generale (R) - Avviso di rettifica A.N. - Avviso ai Naviganti I.N. - Informazione Nautica NOTE Per il razionale impiego del presente fascicolo consultare la "Premessa es agli Avvisi ai Naviganti". Gli Avvisi urgenti vengono radiodiffusi dalle stazioni costiere italiane ane (vedi Radioservizi, Parte I). Gli Avvisi importanti di fonte italiana vengono segnalati direttamente tam ai principali servizi idrografici del mondo per la loro rapida diffusione. I rilevamenti sono veri e contati da 000 a 360 ; essi sono dati dal largo per i limiti dei settori di luce e per le istruzioni di navigazione; sono dati da punti fissi a terra per la definizione di posizioni. Chiunque trovi inesattezze o lacune negli avvisi del presente fascicolo o possa fornire notizie che interessino la navigazione è pregato di darne sollecita comunicazione a: Istituto Idrografico della Marina Sezione Avvisi ai Naviganti/Informazioni ni Nautiche Genova - Telefono Telefax ife Direttore Responsabile Andrea Liaci Registrazione presso il Tribunale di Genova N. 1/86 dei Gli Avvisi ai Naviganti possono essere consultati ti in Italia presso le Autorità Marittime; all'estero presso i Consolati italiani o sul sito a.it Tariffa Regime Libero: Poste Italiane S.p.A. Spedizione in abbonamento - 70% - DCB Genova Abbonamento annuo: Italia 80,00 - Estero 100,00 Copyright, I.I.M. Genova 2014 Documento Ufficiale dello Stato (Legge N.68 - Art 222 com.1 lett. B e com. 2 lett. A del DPR 90/2010) Questo documento contiene dati protetti da Copyright. É consentita solo l'effettuazione et di copie ad uso esclusivamente interno necessarie per l'aggiornamento della documentazione nautica. Avv vvis I.I I S T I T U T O I D R O G R A F I C O D E L L A M A R I N A ELENCO DI CONTROLLO DEI DOCUMENTI NAUTICI N. 1/2014 Aprile 2014 (Situazione aggiornata al Fascicolo Avvisi ai Naviganti N 6/2014 compreso) ALLEGATO AL FASCICOLO AVVISI AI NAVIGANTI N 7/2014 DEL 02/04/2014 Tariffa Regime Libero: Poste Italiane S.p.A. - Spedizione in abbonamento - 70% - DCB Genova CONTENUTO DELLA PUBBLICAZIONE PARTE I Varianti in vigore ai documenti soggetti ad aggiornamento sistematico PARTE II Varianti in vigore alle pubblicazioni ad aggiornamento occasionale. PARTE III Registrazione Fascicoli Avvisi ai Naviganti. GENOVA 2014 All IIM products published in 2014 were designed, compiled and printed in-house, except for the Agenda Nautica. Designed and written by IIM staff, the Agenda Nautica was printed outside. 34

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