SYNOPSIS FOR ACCELEROMETER BASED BIKE/VEHICLE ACCIDENT MONITORING AND TRACKING SYSTEM USING GSM AND GPS

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1 SYNOPSIS FOR ACCELEROMETER BASED BIKE/VEHICLE ACCIDENT MONITORING AND TRACKING SYSTEM USING GSM AND GPS

2 ABSTRACT Security in travelling is primary concern for everyone. Demand for automobile has increased traffic and thereby causing more accidents on the road. People lose their lives because of poor emergency facilities. Preemption of the accidents taking place on the roads is not possible but at least after effects can be reduced. Proposed system ensures, making emergency facilities available to accident victims as early as possible by letting people or hospital or rescue team or police station know the accident spot with the help of accelerometer embedded in the vehicle. As vehicle rolls over on the road thereby changing position of the accelerometer, message is sent to the three registered numbers like as first aid center, rescue team or police station using GSM. With the help of space navigation system GPS locates the position of the vehicle where accident has occurred. So, this paper deals with the GSM-GPS module and accelerometer and ATMEGA 8 microcontroller mounted vehicle, which even meet with the accident, let people know about the accident location and provides situational awareness.

3 INTRODUCTION There are more and more traffic jams as vehicle s demands are getting high day by day. So, transportation needs more improvement as demands are increasing there will be more possibility of vehicle accidents. Vehicle accidents are one of the leading causes of the fatalities. It will be a serious consequence if people can t get help on right time. Poor emergency incident is a major cause of death rate in our country. Even with awareness campaign, this problem is still rising due to riders drunk driving and speed driving. Major automobile manufacturers have developed safety devices such as seat belt to protect riders from accidental injuries. Life saving measure electronic stability control also reduces injuries. Crash analysis studies have shown, traffic accidents could have been prevented with the use of this advanced life saving measure. This design focuses on providing basic information on the accident site to the hospital or police station. As s result of this sudden help, public life may get save. In this work, a three-axis accelerometer, GSM and GPS tracking system works for accidental monitoring. This design detects accidents in less time and make emergency buzzer ON of bike. In this case GSM will send short message to that numbers. This message will read the geographical co-ordinates of accident spot with the help of GPS. And, as now the location has been

4 traced by the GPS, emergency medical service can be given to the accident victims as soon as possible. Using this method, traffic fatalities can be reduced as time between when accident occurs and responders are dispatched to the accident scene, reduces. Accelerometer sensor embedded in a bike determines severity of the accident as how much bike has rolled. As soon as the accident occurs, an alert message including latitude, longitude position, date and time of accident occurrence and finally link, indicating Google map is sent automatically to the provided numbers or to the police station. This message is sent with the help of the GSM module and accident location is detected through GPS module. The accident can be recognized precisely with the help of ADXL accelerometer. This design provides solution to the road accidents in most feasible way.

5 BLOCK DIAGRAM POWER SUPPLY GPS GSM MICROCONTROLLER ACCELEROMETER EMERGENCY BUZZER LCD (16 x 2)

6 Hardware Requirement(Basic) GSM Modem TTL Based GPS Modem TTL based ADXL 335 Accelerometer Microcontroller Atmega 8 Alphanumeric LCD (16*2) Regulator 7805/ LM317 Capacitor 1000 / 100μf Capacitor 10/ 1μf (2) Ceramic Capacitor 0.1pf W04M Bridge (2) Resistance 10K/1K/470/100 ohm Atmega Based PCB Horn / Siren Battery (12 V/ 2.5A) Battery Relemate connectors Hard Board Mislaneous

7 Software Requirement Cross Compiler : AVR Studio 6.0 Atmel Studio 6 is the integrated development platform (IDP) for developing and debugging Atmel ARM Cortex-M and Atmel AVR microcontroller (MCU) based applications. The Atmel Studio 6 IDP gives you a seamless and easy-to-use environment to write, build and debug your applications written in C/C++ or assembly code. Programming Language : Embedded C Looking around, we find ourselves to be surrounded by various types of embedded system. Be it a digital camera or a mobile phone or a washing machine, all of them has some kind of processor functioning inside it. Associated with each processor is the embedded software. If hardware forms the body of an embedded system, embedded processor acts as the brain, and embedded software forms its soul. It is the embedded software which primarily governs the functioning of embedded systems.

8 Project Time Frame Frame-1: (Documentation + Purchasing) Frame-2: (Hardware Design +Testing of Different section) Frame-3: (Hardware + Software Co-design) Frame-4: (Project Report +Final Testing + Submission) FRAME Frame-1 Frame-2 Frame-3 Frame-4 DATE 4 Week 8 Week 8 Week 2 Week

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