1 PROSPECTUS An International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies 2015 Education and Outreach in Light for Society and the World Science Technology Nature Culture Development Sustainability Education History International Year of Light Partnership December 2013
2 Partnership October 2013 A resolution welcoming and endorsing an International Year of Light in 2015 was adopted by the UNESCO Executive Board at its 190th session which took place at the UNESCO Headquarters in Paris from the 3rd - 18th October 2012, and by the UNESCO General Conference at its 37th session, on the 19th November, 2013 The resolution was placed before the 190th Session of the Executive Board held in Paris from October 2012 by Ghana, Mexico, and the Russian Federation (Board Members) and New Zealand (UNESCO Member State). UNESCO delegates from Ghana and Mexico introduced the proposal to the Executive Board, explaining the motivation and mission underlying the International Year of Light. The resolution was adopted by the Executive Board joined by co-signatories from a further 28 Board Members: Angola, Bangladesh, Brazil, Burkina Faso, China, Congo, Cuba, Djibouti, Ecuador, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Kenya, Indonesia, Italy, Malawi, Nigeria, Peru, the Republic of Korea, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Thailand, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, the United States of America, Venezuela, and Zimbabwe. Other Member States of UNESCO who declared support for the initiative were Hungary, Serbia and South Africa. This impressive list of co-sponsoring nations reflects the truly international and inclusive nature of the theme of an International Year of Light.
3 Page 1 Contents Executive Summary Page 2 Mission & Background 3 Partners 4 Motivation 5 Goals 6 Themes & Activities 7 Examples of Activities Contacts & Organization Young and old around the world are inspired and united by the beauty of light in Nature. The rainbow is a striking illustration of both the scientific and cultural aspects of light.
4 Page 2 Executive Summary The International Year of Light is a cross-disciplinary educational and outreach project with more than 100 partners from over 85 countries, accompanied by the UNESCO International Basic Sciences Programme (IBSP). A resolution welcoming and endorsing an International Year of Light in 2015 was adopted by the UNESCO Executive Board at its 190th session which took place at the UNESCO Headquarters in Paris from 3-18 October, 2012 and by the UNESCO General Conference at its 37th session, on 19 November, The 68 th Session of the United Nations General Assembly adopted the International Year of Light on 20 December An International Year of Light will contribute to achieving the aims of the UNESCO 36 C/5 Major Programme II in Natural Sciences, especially the biennial sectoral priorities Strengthening science, technology and innovation (STI) systems and policies for sustainable development, poverty eradication, and a culture of peace and non-violence, as well as mobilizing science for the sustainable use of natural resources, renewable energy and energy efficiency, and for natural disaster reduction and mitigation. In addition, the areas where an International Year of Light will bring especially strong focus are: (i) the advancement of science and technology for sustainable development; (ii) the promotion of UNESCO s Priorities for Africa with focus on Education for All and Gender Equality; and (iii) the harnessing of international cooperation for science and technology capacity-building. Light science is one of the most accessible themes to promote cross-disciplinary education. Light has been a major factor in the evolution of humankind and our biosphere. People worldwide benefit from the advances in the fields of light science and applications, which help in achieving and in going beyond the United Nations Millennium Development Goals. Light-based technology, often referred to as photonics, describes a range of applications aimed at directly raising the quality of life worldwide by reducing child mortality, improving maternal health, and combating disease. The field of Green Photonics studies ways to apply light technology to generate energy and yield environmentally sustainable outputs. Lightbased technology is a major economic driver with potential to revolutionize the 21st century as electronics did in the 20th century. The Proclamation of an International Year of Light by the United Nations will ensure the importance of light and its potential applications are appreciated by all.
5 Page 3 Mission The International Year of Light is a global initiative that will highlight to the citizens of the world the importance of light and optical technologies in their lives, for their futures, and for the development of society. The International Year of Light will consist of coordinated activities on national, regional and international levels. Activities will be planned so that people of all ages and all backgrounds from all countries enjoy and appreciate the central role of light in science and culture, and as a cross-cutting scientific discipline that can advance sustainable development. The International Year of Light is planned for the year Background The International Year of Light project includes over 100 partners from over 85 countries, including scientific societies, museums, universities and other organizations. The partnership has been working since 2010 to prepare the groundwork for a coordinated series of activities throughout the world during The project has received endorsement from the International Council for Science (ICSU) and unions representing many different branches of science: IUPAP (Pure and Applied Physics); IUPAB (Pure and Applied Biophysics), IUTAM (Theoretical and Applied Mechanics), IUHPS (History and Philosophy of Science); IAU (Astronomy); ISPRS (Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing); URSI (Radio Science). The partnership also includes the International Center for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) and SESAME (Synchrotron-light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East). The society partners have extensive and successful track records in international outreach and joint ventures such as the 2005 International Year of Physics and long-term educational programmes in both developed and developing countries. The Partnership possesses the resources and experience to ensure tremendous impact and success for an International Year of Light. The project is accompanied by the UNESCO International Basic Sciences Programme (IBSP).
6 Page 4 Partners The project partnership is growing rapidly, with new participants being added almost daily. A selection of the partners is listed below to illustrate the broad international representation within the project. Learned Societies, Academies etc AfPS APS AAPPS AOS CAP COS CPS DPG EOS EAS EPS F2S FEIASOFI African Physical Society American Physical Society Association of Asia Pacific Physical Societies Australian Optical Society Canadian Association of Physicists Chinese Optical Society Chinese Physical Society Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft European Optical Society European Astronomical Society European Physical Society Fédération Française de Sociétés Scientifiques Federación Iberoamericana de Sociedades de Física Partner Platforms, International Centers, etc GAAS ICO IEEE IOP NZIP OSA OSK RAS RSNZ SFP SIF SPIE WFS UPSRF Ghana Academy of Arts and Sciences International Commission on Optics IEEE Photonics Society Institute of Physics New Zealand Institute of Physics The Optical Society Optical Society of Korea Russian Academy of Sciences Royal Society of New Zealand French Physical Society Società Italiana di Fisica International Society for Optics and Photonics World Federation of Scientists United Physical Society of the Russian Federation African Laser Center; Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM); Museo de la Luz (Museum on Light); Centre for International Light Art; the Institute of Photonic Sciences (ICFO); Diamond Light Source; Education and Training in Optics Conference (ETOP); International Center for Theoretical Physics (UNESCO- ICTP); European Technology Platform Photonics 21; B-PHOT Brussels Photonics; Institute of Optics Rochester; Laserlab Europe Integrated Initiative of European Laser Research Infrastructures; European Centers for Outreach in Photonics (ECOP); American Association of Physics Teachers (AAPT); Synchrotron-light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East (SESAME); Chandra X-Ray Center; International Association of Physics Students (IAPS); the Commission Internationale de l Eclairage (CIE); the International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS); the International Committee on Ultra-High Intensity Lasers (ICUIL); the European Society for Photobiology (ESP); The Lightsources source facility network; European Photonics Industry Consortium (EPIC); African Laser, Atomic, Molecular and Optical Sciences (LAM) Network; The European Network of Science Centres and Museums (ECSITE).
7 Page 5 Motivation Light plays a central role in human activities. On the most fundamental level through photosynthesis, light is necessary to the existence of life itself, and the many applications of light have revolutionized society through medicine, communications, entertainment and culture. Industries based on light are major economic drivers, and light-based technologies directly respond to the needs of humankind by providing access to information, promoting sustainable development, and increasing societal health and well-being. As light becomes the key cross-cutting discipline of science and engineering in the 21 st century, it is essential that the brightest young minds continue to be attracted into careers in this field. All fields of science are based on the theories of light and its interaction with matter, and light is one of the main messengers in our understanding of the Universe and the subatomic world. The history of the study of light spans centuries, and has involved virtually all the major figures of science. And it was the 20 th century that saw the birth of the modern theory of light, the invention and application of lasers, the widespread deployment of photonic devices to improve society, and the full appreciation of the fundamental place that light occupies in the fabric of space and time. The spectrum of light from X-rays to infrared lasers provides technologies that underpin our lives, optical technologies have revolutionized medical diagnostics and treatment, and light and photonics are poised to become the key enabling technologies of the future. Light is the means by which human beings see themselves, each other, and their place in the Universe. Light is an essential part of culture and art and is a unifying symbol for the world. An International Year of Light is the ideal instrument to ensure the necessary increased worldwide awareness of the central role of light in the present and in the future of us all.
8 Page 6 Goals An International Year of Light will coordinate international and national activities in order to achieve the following goals. Improve the public understanding of how light and light-based technologies touch the daily lives of everybody, and are central to the future development of the global society. Build worldwide educational capacity through activities targeted on science for young people, addressing issues of gender balance, and focusing especially on developing countries and emerging economies. Enhance international cooperation by acting as a central information resource for activities coordinated by learned societies, educational establishments and industry. Focus on particular discoveries in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that have shown the fundamental centrality of light in science. Highlight the importance of research both into the fundamental science of light and its applications, and promote careers in science in these fields. Promote the importance of lighting technology in sustainable development, and for improving quality of life in the developing world. Highlight and explain the intimate link between light and art and culture, enhancing the role of optical technology to preserve cultural heritage. Maintain these goals and achievements in the future beyond the International Year of Light. An International Year of Light will contribute significantly to fulfilling the missions of UNESCO to the building of peace, the alleviation of poverty, to sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, science, culture, and communication.
9 Page 7 Themes& Activities Context Light is a subject that cuts across science and culture. Through biology and photosynthesis, light is at the very origin of life. The science and technology of light are essential for the future development of humankind, and in the search of solutions to solve global problems in sustainability and healthcare through international cooperation. Through studies in fundamental science ranging from particle physics to cosmology, light provides a window on the universe, and our efforts to understand the properties of light have led to revolutions in many different areas of science and engineering. An International Year of Light is not only about science and technology. Light is the means by which humanity sees itself, and the many ways that light has impacted on society have inspired art, music, literature and philosophy across the centuries. Light is a subject that unifies humanity. All nations and all peoples see the same Sun rise and fall on the horizon, and all cultures throughout history have expressed the same wonder at the natural beauty of light seen in effects such as the rainbow. An International Year of Light will allow the universality of light and the variety of its applications to be appreciated via many and varied themes covering broad areas of interest, supported by cross-cutting themes addressing essential issues to be included in all activities. Actions will be implemented on national, regional and international levels. The main structure of these activities is illustrated below.
10 Page 8 Thematic coverage The activities of an International Year of Light will be structured around four broad thematic subject areas and important cross-cutting actions addressing central elements of sustainability, education and history. Science of Light Studying the fundamental scientific properties of light has impacted widely on all fields of science, technology and engineering. From early attempts to understand the motion of stars and planets to the appreciation of the importance of light in photosynthesis, efforts to understand the nature and the characteristics of light have revolutionized nearly every field of science. Light from the Big Bang provides us with a vision of the origin of the Universe. The spectrum of light from X-rays to infrared lasers provides technologies that underpin our lives, and the interaction of light with the human body provides valuable techniques for diagnosis, imaging and treatment in medicine. Advanced research in areas such as nanophotonics, quantum optics and ultrafast science are inspiring new fundamental discoveries and opening new scientific frontiers. This theme will highlight the fundamental scientific properties of light and why it is essential to continue research in this field for the future. Light Technology The science of light is applied in the technological field known as photonics, and this theme addresses the important ways that photonic devices impact on areas such as medicine, communications and energy. Light plays a crucial role in modern life and in shrinking the modern world that is often unknown and unappreciated. Light pulses and advanced optical fibre cables form the backbone of the global internet, and satellite telephones and wireless technologies allow even the most remote areas of the world to have access to communications, information and even advanced medical care. Light Technology is essential to improve society s energy independence through devices that efficiently convert sunlight to other energy forms, and new forms of low cost green lighting. In a similar way, understanding the Earth s environment increasingly relies on optical and photonic techniques for sensing and measurement. These examples are of course state-of-the-art feats of engineering. But at the same time, optical technologies that are simple and that have existed for centuries are tremendously important for our daily lives! Corrective eyeglasses for improved vision are familiar to us all, and simple optical instruments such as microscopes form a cornerstone of modern medical diagnostics. This theme will describe light technology and its many applications, and will focus on how optics is placed to be a key driver of innovation in the 21 st century.
11 Page 9 Light in Nature The wonder of light and colour is revealed spectacularly in effects such as sunsets, rainbows, halos, and shadows to cite just a few examples of the rich variety of optical phenomena which can be found in nature. This theme will raise awareness of the beauty and accessibility of science through activities that will encourage and support observation of light and colour in the Natural world. No matter where one lives and no matter what one s age, it is easy and delightful to understand Nature through light: from ice crystals near the artic to mirages in the desert to shadows in the forest to shifting images on water, the wonder and beauty of natural optics is everywhere. And of course, this theme provides a natural place to consider how observing light in nature often means turning off the lights from modern society. Whilst modern lighting provides important and crucial opportunities and advantages in improving quality of life, raising awareness of the issue of light pollution will also be an important feature of this theme. Overall, in these days where downloading images of nature from the internet has largely replaced direct observation, activities in this theme will encourage outdoor observation in all-weathers and at all-latitudes, aiming to inspire a new generation of scientists to open their eyes. Light and Culture Smart lighting can both highlight culture and reduce light pollution Activities in this theme will highlight the myriad ways in which light has influenced and continues to influence human culture. From the early artists and scientists of Antiquity to the development of perspective and the understanding of light and shadow during the Renaissance, to impressionism and modern artistic techniques, this theme will describe how the study of light and art is central to understanding and appreciating our cultural heritage. Describing the continuous links between light and culture throughout history will provide valuable insights into the interactions between science and art and the humanities in general. In a contemporary context, this theme will also describe ways in which light can be used to improve our appreciation of cultural heritage in ways such as applying optical techniques to image paintings, the use of modern technology in museums to experience culture in an interactive environment, and the use of natural light and low-pollution lighting to illuminate architecture, monuments and public spaces.
12 Page 10 Optical technologies give new impetus in many areas of study - from art to archaeology Light has influenced and continues to influence the visual and performing arts, literature and human thinking. This theme will provide an important bridge between science and culture and will aid in breaking down the boundaries between these fields that are becoming increasingly separated in the modern world Cross-Cutting Themes Several important themes of the International Year of Light will cut across, and be central to, all the activities described above. Ensuring that science and technology are relevant to development and sustainability is essential, and modern optical technologies can play a vital role through low carbon emission solar lighting, and in areas such as agriculture, disease prevention, and water purification. Light is an inspiring subject in both art and science, and promoting education for young people in these fields is a natural lever towards promoting higher education and encouraging careers in multidisciplinary fields in general. Addressing gender imbalance will be an essential part of this action as well. A particular aspect of educational activities that can highlight the complex way in which science and society develops internationally is through the history of the science of light; this has involved virtually all the major figures of science over 2000 years and from all continents. Highlighting their often unknown human stories will be an inspiring educational and outreach activity for a new generation. Light is an inspiring theme that can promote education for all.
13 Page 11 Examples of Activities Each theme will include outreach and educational activities at all levels: international, national and local. A Steering Committee will provide oversight and ensure coordination. General planning began in 2010, and detailed activity planning has been underway since The broad scope of an International Year of Light can be seen below by providing some examples of planned activities. A Year of Pioneers A twelve month calendar will associate each month with a particular scientist, and his or her contribution to the science of light. Classroom kits for schools will provide biographical and scientific information. Calendars will be made for international and regional dissemination. Bright Futures This activity will be a yearlong program of educational activities linking specifically to careers in science. Addressing gender issues and promoting science careers for women in developing countries will be a priority. Light in the Universe Particular celebrations will focus on the advances of 1815, 1865, 1915 and 1965 that established light s place at the centre of modern science, 200 years of the wave theory of light, 150 years of the theory of electrodynamics, 100 years of general relativity and 50 years since the discovery of the Cosmic Microwave Background will provide key scientific focal points. A LightDay for Earth To illustrate the unifying nature of light around the world, one particular day of the year will focus internationally on the role of light in nature, light conservation, and means of reducing light pollution. We will coordinate with existing annual events of this nature. The Light Touch - Hands-On Optics Building on existing partner activities, we will develop educational kits illustrating the principles of optics appropriate to the needs of institutions in both the developed and developing world. Focusing on instruments such as eye-glasses and microscopes etc will ensure societal relevance. Light for Change The availability of inexpensive and energyefficient lighting can revolutionize the quality of life in the developing world. Partners will support and develop initiatives promoting lighting of this sort worldwide. The Daily Scientist Volunteer scientists - from PhD students to Professors - will communicate their day-to-day experiences to the public at large using social media such as blogs, Facebook, YouTube. This will place a very human face on the scientific and engineering community. Capturing Light Nature provides many beautiful and inspiring examples of optical effects such as mirages, rainbows and so on. A year-long international competition amongst schools will solicit photographs of natural optical phenomena that will be posted on a centralized website. Winners will be announced monthly.
14 Page The year 2015 is a natural candidate for the International Year of Light, commemorating a number of important milestones in the history of the science of light dating back 50, 100, 150, 200 years and even further. In 1815, Fresnel published his first work introducing the theory of light as a wave and in 1865, Maxwell rigorously described the dynamic electro-magnetic theory of light. In 1915, the theory of General Relativity developed by Einstein showed how light was at the centre of the very structure of space and time. In 1965, Penzias and Wilson discovered the Cosmic Microwave Background, an electromagnetic echo of the very creation of the universe. These discoveries changed physics profoundly when they were made, and continue to have tremendous impact on science and technology. The wave theory of light and the laws of electrodynamics have led to developments ranging from lasers and DVDs to mobile phones to wireless internet to radio astronomy. The laws of general relativity and the study of the Cosmic Microwave Background have impacted on areas from the design of the global GPS satellite system to fundamental questions concerning the origin of the Universe. Even more generally, the year 2015 also celebrates 1000 years since the great works on optics by the pioneering scientist Ibn Al-Haytham, and represents 400 years since the invention of the first solar powered technology through the 1615 invention of a prototype solar-driven engine. Highlighting these anniversaries will provide valuable educational and historical perspectives. Scientists from every culture have contributed to light science.
15 Page 12 Contacts & Organization Steering Committee John Dudley Francis Allotey Kenneth Baldwin Ana María Cetto Luisa Cifarelli Ndumiso Cingo Martial Ducloy Zohra Ben Lakhdar Michèle Leduc Duncan Moore Shoji Nagamiya Joseph Niemela Lluis Torner President, European Physical Society University of Franche-Comté, France President of the African Physical Society IUPAP Vice President at Large Member of UNESCO National Commission, Ghana Australian National University, Australia Director, Museo de la Luz Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México University of Bologna and INFN, Italy Director of the African Laser Center Pretoria, South Africa President of Physics & Society Forum, European Physical Society Initiator of the 2005 International Year of Physics, France 2005 L'Oreal-UNESCO Award Laureate University of Tunis, Tunisia President of the Fédération Française de Sociétés Scientifiques Ecole Normale Supérieure and CNRS, France President, International Commission of Optics Institute of Optics, Rochester, USA Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex Past-President, Association of Asia-Pacific Physical Societies UNESCO Optics Education Programme Abdus Salam ICTP, Trieste, Italy Institute of Photonic Sciences ICFO and European Centres for Outreach in Photonics Alliance ECOP. Spain Secretariat The acting Secretariat for the International Year of Light is located within the offices of the European Physical Society, 6 Rue des Frères Lumière Mulhouse, France. An International Secretariat will operate from Advisory Board In addition to the Steering Committee members listed above, the International year of Light project is supported by a large and inclusive International Advisory Board that will ensure links with other learned societies (APS, IEEE, OSA, SPIE, EOS, etc), with regional centres of science and science education, and which contains representatives spanning broad areas of science, history of science, technology, art history, cultural heritage and education etc.
U General Conference 33rd session, Paris 2005 33 C 33 C/67 11 October 2005 Original: English Item 5.30 of the agenda PROCLAMATION OF 2009 AS THE UNITED NATIONS INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF ASTRONOMY Source: 172
The success of your business depends on your ability to adapt to a dynamic market environment, where globalisation and economic pressures are reshaping the landscape. To remain competitive, your organisation
Switch to future thinking Increased global competition, rapid advances in technology, risks from natural disasters, resource shortages today s business leaders must adapt to operating in a changing world,
DECLARATION OF THE 7 th WORLD SCIENCE FORUM ON The Enabling Power of Science 7 th World Science Forum, Budapest, 7 th November 2015 PREAMBLE With the encouragement and support of the founding organisations
Governance, Risk and Compliance Assessment Information security is a pervasive business requirement and one that no organisation can afford to get wrong. If it s not handled properly, your business could
Resolutions of the 28 th General Assembly of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 5 7 November 2014 18 March 2015 Resolution 1. IUPAP Dues for
Contact Centre Integration Assessment How well are your business objectives aligned with the right contact centre technologies? Knowing how the technology in your contact centre supports service delivery
Globalisation and economic pressures are changing the business landscape, increasing the pressure to expedite time-to-market with new products and services, while keeping costs down. In addition, for many
Global Education Office University of New Mexico MSC06 3850, Mesa Vista Hall, Rm. 220 Tel. 505 277 4032, Fax 505 277 867, email@example.com Report on International Students, Scholars and Study Abroad Programs
UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION First World Summit Award Mobile Content Releasing mobile potential for development Keynote Address by Mr. Jānis Kārkliņš Assistant Director
Appendix 1: Full Country Rankings Below please find the complete rankings of all 75 markets considered in the analysis. Rankings are broken into overall rankings and subsector rankings. Overall Renewable
United Nations A/RES/69/85 General Assembly Distr.: General 16 December 2014 Sixty-ninth session Agenda item 49 Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 5 December 2014 [on the report of the Special
UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME Environment for Development UNEP is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system UNEP s mission is to provide leadership and encourage partnership
As the world becomes a more competitive place, businesses need to respond at lightning speed to take advantage of new opportunities or avoid risks. To enable this, the data centre needs to be a dynamic
An introduction to the World Federation of Occupational Therapists (WFOT) WHAT IS THE WORLD FEDERATION OF OCCUPATIONAL THERAPISTS? The key international representative for occupational therapists and occupational
opinion piece IT Security and Compliance: They can Live Happily Ever After Contents Pitfalls, misconceptions and mistakes 01 It s not all doom and gloom 01 Take the right steps towards compliance and IT
financial aid at Average - $, financial aid is comprehensive, covering books, health insurance, study abroad costs, travel, and personal expenses % % % % cost met by average % of with demonstrated need
3D Workspace: a new dimension to your desktop The desktop management landscape has changed As the world of work changes, so do the mechanics of IT management and delivery. Technology advances like virtualised
International Mains Voltages Edition 01/97 0921 271X / 0197 The international low voltages used in industry, business and domestically. Listed in continents and countries. Status April 1996 The following
Hybrid Wide-Area Network Application-centric, agile and end-to-end How do you close the gap between the demands on your network and your capabilities? Wide-area networks, by their nature, connect geographically
e-guide The Wireless Revolution 3 Steps to Transform your Business with Next-Generation Networking Welcome to the era of the Wireless Revolution! With easy access to technology, setting up a wireless network
Degrees in Science (& Physics) NUI, Galway College of Science National University of Ireland, Galway Revised January 2008 3 The world has changed...it has become FLAT! Geography no longer matters. Three
white paper Four steps to improving cloud security and compliance Despite the widespread proliferation of cloud computing, IT decision makers still express major concerns about security, compliance, and
INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATION UNION TELECOMMUNICATION DEVELOPMENT BUREAU WORLD TELECOMMUNICATION DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE (WTDC-98) Valletta, Malta, 23 March - 1 April 1998 Document 6-E 3 December 1997
Research & Applications Masterclasses in Science Communication: An international training programme for scientists and other professionals Valentina Daelli SISSA Medialab Trieste, Italy firstname.lastname@example.org
Meeting of the Mongolian Mathematical Society September 15th 2015 Francesco Pappalardi Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica Università Roma Tre http://www.mat.uniroma3.it/users/pappa/ Mathematics Institutions
1 I can finally afford UC without making a huge upfront investment. COO, market leader in the health care industry 2 Contents 01 Investing in an anytime, anywhere, connected workforce 02 On-premise, hybrid,
white paper Software-as-a-service Delivery: The Build vs. Buy Decision Introduction In order to deliver software on-demand, companies must either build and manage an infrastructure capable of supporting
opinion piece Fragmenting DLP assessment, implementation, and management is counter-intuitive Contents Introduction 01 Having the cake and eating it 01 Holistic = end to end 01 The devil is in the detail
Cloud Readiness Consulting Services Globalisation and economic pressures are changing the business landscape, increasing the pressure to expedite time-to-market with new products and services, while keeping
white paper Private Cloud for Every Organization Leveraging the community cloud As more organizations today seek to gain benefit from the flexibility and scalability of cloud environments, many struggle
Cover: Panther Observatory NASA/Mars Reconnaisance Orbiter The International Year of Astronomy M illennia ago the fi rst humans gazed in awe at the multitude of stars in the dark night sky. Thus was the
Brochure More information from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/2547547/ Sulfuric Acid 2013 World Market Outlook and Forecast up to 2017 Description: Sulfuric Acid 2013 World Market Outlook and
UNDP RBA and UNITAR supporting the strategic development priorities of Africa As we approach the New Year, it is important to reflect on what has been achieved. Throughout 011, UNITAR has worked in close
International Intern/Volunteer/Work Opportunities Study abroad is not your only opportunity to go abroad. What follows is a resource guide on different opportunities for you to go abroad to intern, volunteer,
IANAS STRATEGIC PLAN Adopted at IANAS General Assembly Punta Cana, Dominican Republic, 18 July 2013 IANAS is the Inter American Network of Academies of Science and includes 18 science academies from throughout
Final Resolution for the 6 th European Interparliamentary Space Conference (EISC), held on November 10 th and 11 th 2004 The 6 th European Interparliamentary Space Conference (EISC), held at the Congress
best practice guide BYO-What? 6 Lessons Learnt in Making Mobility Work Businesses are immersed in an era of mobility. Whether it s connecting workers on the road, developing work-from-home policies, or
Dimension Data s Uptime Support Service As more technology enters the world, and is introduced into organisations, the typical IT environment increases in complexity. Businesses require higher levels of
latest thinking Big Gets Bigger, Smaller Gets Smaller The data centre market is entering a period of unprecedented transition. With this shift comes a number of significant and perhaps surprising changes.
List of tables I. World Trade Developments 1. Overview Table I.1 Growth in the volume of world merchandise exports and production, 2010-2014 39 Table I.2 Growth in the volume of world merchandise trade
Proforma Cost for international UN Volunteers for UN Partner Agencies for 2016 Country Of Assignment International UN Volunteers (12 months) International UN Youth Volunteers (12 months) University Volunteers
Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization THE SAHARA OF CULTURES AND MEN Towards a strategy for the sustainable
white paper Service Providers Need Flexible Cloud Services to Compete Enterprise Customers Demand Flexible Cloud Solutions When the concept of cloud services first came about, there was a great deal of
SMALL SATELLITES FOR THE BENEFIT OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Mazlan Othman Director Office for Outer Space Affairs United Nations Office at Vienna Wagramerstrasse 5, A-1220 Vienna, Austria ABSTRACT Small satellites
Security Assessment and Compliance Services Despite the best efforts of IT security teams, hackers and malicious code continue to find their way into corporate networks. Adding to the pressure is the fact
Fall 2015 International Student Enrollment Prepared by The Office of International Affairs Nova Southeastern University Nova Southeastern University International Student Statistics Fall 2015 International
G-SCIENCE ACADEMIES STATEMENTS 2013 Driving Sustainable Development: the role of Science, Technology and Innovation 1. Introduction The framework of Millennium Development Goals has led to several in-depth
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND DEVELOPMENT BY DR. F. K. A. ALLOTEY* KING/CHAVEZ/PARKS VISITING PROFESSOR THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN * Chairman, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research,
EMEA BENEFITS BENCHMARKING OFFERING COVERED COUNTRIES SWEDEN FINLAND NORWAY ESTONIA R U S S I A DENMARK LITHUANIA LATVIA IRELAND PORTUGAL U. K. NETHERLANDS POLAND BELARUS GERMANY BELGIUM CZECH REP. UKRAINE
Executive Board Hundred and ninety-sixth session 196 EX/32 PARIS, 19 March 2015 Original: English Item 32 of the provisional agenda UNESCO S ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITIES IN IMPLEMENTING GLOBAL CITIZENSHIP
Human Rights Council Resolution 7/19. Combating defamation of religions The Human Rights Council, Recalling the 2005 World Summit Outcome adopted by the General Assembly in its resolution 60/1 of 24 October
African-European Radio Astronomy Platform 2013 Africa-EU Cooperation Forum on ICT Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 3 December 2013 Context The African European Radio Astronomy Platform European Parliament s Written
Global Research Benchmarking System Media Kit Nov 2011 This media kit includes the following items, 1. Website information 2. Scope - University coverage - Subject area coverage - Interdisciplinary areas
The APS and synchrotron facilities in the US and worldwide: a network perspective J. Murray Gibson Director, Advanced Photon Source Associate Laboratory Director, ANL for Photon Sciences Presented at the
Williams PROFILE: CLASS OF 2015 The Class of 2015 is one of the brightest and most diverse classes ever to attend Williams College. We base this statement upon not only the very high grades, average class
In many mature financial organisations, middle-and back-office functions already collaborate via high-quality, well-integrated voice and video traffic. Their trading floors, on the other hand, still operate
UNESCO and Bioethics Henk ten Have, MD PhD, Director, Division of Ethics of Science and Technology Copenhagen, 7 November 2006 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Established
INTERNATIONAL MUSEUM DAY Every 18 May, a moment of sharing for museums all around the world International Museum Day 2013: Macao IMD Festival, Chine Museum of Nouakchott, Mauritania Museum and House of
DEVELOPMENT AID AT A GLANCE STATISTICS BY REGION 2. AFRICA 21 edition 2.1. ODA TO AFRICA - SUMMARY 2.1.1. Top 1 ODA receipts by recipient USD million, net disbursements in 213 2.1.3. Trends in ODA 1 Egypt
A Nielsen Report The Global, Socially-Conscious Consumer March 2012 WHO IS THE GLOBAL, SOCIALLY-CONSCIOUS CONSUMER? YOUNGER 63% under the age of 40 GREEN 66% think companies should support the environment
www.pwc.co.uk Global AML Resource Map Over 2000 AML professionals January 2016 Global AML Resources: Europe France Italy Jersey / Guernsey 8 Ireland 1 Portugal 7 Luxembourg 5 United Kingdom 1 50 11 Spain
INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR GENETIC ENGINEERING AND BIOTECHNOLOGY THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES FOR THE DEVELOPING WORLD UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION ICGEB-TWAS-UNESCO/IBSP Joint
FDI performance and potential rankings Astrit Sulstarova Division on Investment and Enterprise UNCTAD FDI perfomance index The Inward FDI Performance Index ranks countries by the FDI they receive relative
Sciences Experiences and outcomes The sciences framework provides a range of different contexts for learning which draw on important aspects of everyday life and work. Learning in the sciences will enable
Your infrastructure is the backbone of your business The Information Economy, the Digital Age, the Virtual Generation and online replacing in-line is a reality and forms part of our daily lives. Each of
KIGALI DECLARATION ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN EQUITABLE INFORMATION SOCIETY IN AFRICA We, the Representatives of the African Parliaments to the Kigali International Conference Recalling the commitment of
Building safety & security global simplified accounts The face of consistent global performance Delivering enterprise-wide safety and security solutions. With more than 500 offices worldwide Johnson Controls
Visa s Financial Literacy Programmes A Global View Visa s Global Commitment to Financial Literacy It s right for our business and the right thing to do Visa s guiding principle is to provide economic empowerment
The Role of Nuclear Knowledge Management A. Introduction The Agency has been a focal point for nuclear knowledge and information since its establishment in 1957. Nuclear knowledge management (NKM) came
2015 Country RepTrak The World s Most Reputable Countries July 2015 The World s View on Countries: An Online Study of the Reputation of 55 Countries RepTrak is a registered trademark of Reputation Institute.
opinion piece Meeting the Challenges of Supplier Relations in a Multisourcing Environment New approaches and skills are required to effectively manage the increased volume and complexity of relationships
INOMICS Job Market Report 2014 Worldwide Overview 1 Table of Contents I. Methodology 03 II. Key Findings 04 III. Job Market Outlook 05 1. Profile of Respondents 05 a. Demographics 05 Age Gender Country
UNESCO-UNDP consultation meeting UNESCO HQ, 24, 25 November 2003 UNESCO activities in the field of Free Open Source Software (FOSS) Information Society Division UNESCO Jean-Claude Dauphin (email@example.com)
United Nations General Assembly Distr.: Limited 27 June 2016 Original: English A/HRC/32/L.35 Human Rights Council Thirty-second session Agenda item 3 Promotion and protection of all human rights, civil,
Mobile Marketer Feb. 22, 2011 Napean LLC. All rights reserved. 1 Small beginnings and a BIG idea! A revolutionary insight Using mass media: In 1969, a revolutionary insight was made that TV could be used