Innovative Solutions for the Delta

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Innovative Solutions for the Delta"

Transcription

1 The DeltaCompetition: Creative ideas from students all over the world for the sustainable development of densely populated delta areas deltacompetition 2006

2 The DeltaCompetition: Creative ideas from students all over the world for the sustainable development of densely populated delta areas deltacompetition 2006

3

4 contents foreword 6 preface 7 9 panel of judges CVs Paper 1. Floating City IJmeer Accelerator for Delta Technology Author: R. de Graaf, M. Fremouw, B. van Bueren, K. Czapiewska, M. Kuijper Paper 2. Sustainable Growth in Urbanised Delta Areas The opportunities of a geographical approach to the Pearl River Delta Author: G. van Rens, A.L. Nelissen, C. Schamhart, N. Lugt Paper 3. All You Need is Space Long-term and large-scale sustainable development in deltaic areas Author: L.M. van der Burgh, M.B. Brommer Paper 4. The Flood House Concept A new approach in Reducing Flood Vulnerability Author: H. Vreugdenhil, L. Meijer, L. Hartnack, T. Rijcken Paper 5. A Hydrologic Flood Forecasting System for Mesoamerica Author: J.E. Villalobos, P.E. Rodriguez, P. Saksa

5 foreword deltas in the world Dear Reader, Half of the 6.5 billion people on our planet live in densely populated delta areas. These areas are the most dynamic and fragile areas we have. Many deltas contain fast growing and economically flourishing cities. These conglomerations desperately need space for work, living and recreation. But the delta also provides agricultural land, which we urgently need to feed all the hungry mouths. At the same time, the delta is threatened. Deltas are enormously sensitive to flooding and coastal erosion. The rising sea and river levels increase the risks to people and nature. During every hurricane season we see heartrending pictures of the full effects of flooding. The disaster in New Orleans also made the wealthy nations face the facts. No one can remain shielded from the effects of climate change and extremes of weather. I can safely say without exaggeration that the utmost will be demanded of mankind if we are to protect our fragile delta areas in the years to come. Existing plans for structuring and protecting deltas are no longer enough. New solutions are required. is a summary of the five best entries in the Royal Haskoning DeltaCompetition. Right from the outset, the sustainable development of delta areas has been a key theme in Royal Haskoning s work. Therefore, as part of our anniversary, we have initiated the DeltaCompetition in which we have challenged students from all over the world to come up with new, innovative and sustainable solutions for the threatened deltas. The DeltaCompetition has encouraged talented students to devise new ideas. In all papers that were submitted, the devotion to find a solution for the growing problems in the Deltas of the world is heart warming. This book brings together the five most promising ideas. From floating cities in the Netherlands to protection strategies for the Pearl River in China and hydrologic flood forecasting systems in Mesoamerica, but also long-term and largescale development in deltaic areas and a new approach in reducing flood vulnerability. The ideas stem from collaboration between different fields of expertise. From water managers and civil engineers to architects and aerospace engineers. The solutions presented in this book are all of a multidisciplinary nature, which we have in particularly encouraged. After all, the problems that are important in the delta are pre-eminently problems that transcend discipline boundaries and require solutions with contributions from several areas of expertise. I hope you enjoy reading this book and that the solutions outlined inspire you to work with us in the further development of creative and sustainable solutions to the threats facing our delta areas. Jan Bout, Chairman of the Board of Management Royal Haskoning

6 preface introduction The DeltaCompetition aimed to stimulate PhD, master s and bachelor s programme students from all over the world to develop innovative, sustainable solutions to the threats and issues facing densely populated delta areas because of climate change. In particular we were looking for new, inspiring and bold ideas and unexpected solutions to these issues and problems, trying to find a combination of ideas from different disciplines with surprising results that could contribute to the sustainable development of delta areas. The call for papers in January 2006 resulted in the registration of 33 teams from the UK, the Netherlands, Germany and the USA to Zimbabwe, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Indonesia and China. All over the world bachelor s, master s and PhD students formed multidisciplinary teams to participate in the DeltaCompetition. In July teams submitted papers that met the requirements of the DeltaCompetition. Of these, seven came from teams studying at universities in the Netherlands. The others came from such universities as the Asian Institute of Technology (Thailand), the University of Newcastle upon Tyne (United Kingdom), Louisiana State University (USA) and Birzeit University (Palestinian Territories). Their solutions ranged from sustainable infrastructure in flood-prone areas, flood forecasting systems and methods to prevent coastal erosion to integrated planning systems, spatial development strategies, floating cities and solutions for increasing risk awareness and preparedness. The panel of judges got to work on these 13 papers. We paid particular attention to the presence of a sound scientific basis, original or innovative elements in the solution and the quality of the presentation of the paper. Of the 13 papers submitted, five clearly stood out, scoring very well on these criteria. These papers are included in this book. In their paper A hydrological flood forecasting system for Mesoamerica, Jose Villalobos, Patricia Rodriguez and Philip Saksa from Lousiana State University have come up with the idea of developing an internet-accessible, userfriendly hydrological system that performs real-time flood forecasting for the Mesoamerican region. The system uses publicly available satellite remote sensing and geographical information to obtain the data necessary to process hydrologic models with the ability to predict flooding in coastal areas. Its uniqueness lies primarily in the incorporation of satellite rainfall estimates. Another positive feature of the idea is its applicability not only in the Mesoamerican region but also in other flood-prone areas in the world with limited access to relevant data. The Flood House Concept constitutes a new approach to reducing vulnerability to flooding. In their paper, Heleen Vreugdenhil, Leo Meijer, Lars Hartnack and Ties Rijcken from Delft University of Technology present their ideas of combining a memorial to Hurricane Katrina with a way to learn lessons and come up with measures to prevent future disasters. To achieve this, the team has come up with the flood house, a flood-proof water management centre in which people, science, government and business come together to learn, discuss and create new ideas about water management and flood related issues.

7 Both papers draw on a sound scientific basis and have sought solutions to improve awareness of and readiness to face the threats facing delta areas because of climate change. Both papers show ingenuity and are well-written and presented. However, the three other papers proved to be even better. Lisette van der Burgh (University of Twente) and Marit Brommer (Delft University of Technology) joined forces Competition to come up with an integrated approach to incorporating long-term morphological processes as well as the socio-economic development of delta areas in order to constitute a more sustainable basis for policy and decision making. In All you need is space, long-term and large-scale sustainable development in delta areas, they argue that although sea level rise constitutes a major threat to delta areas, much more attention should also be paid to long-term, gradual morphological processes that shape coastal configurations. Moreover, while current policy focuses much more on the relatively short-term development of the coastline, we should adopt a more strategic approach to the long term, including the effects of human interference on coastal evolution models and scenarios. It was primarily the scientific basis and originality of this paper that made us decide to award the third prize of the DeltaCompetition to Lisette van den Burgh and Marit Brommer. Another team from Delft University of Technology came up with a geographical design approach to spatial and urban development in the Pearl River Delta, focusing on the city of Guangzhou. Geert van Rens, Anne Loes Nilissen, Carianne Schamhart and Nadia Lugt effectively show in their paper that urban expansion in this rapidly developing delta could be better structured by an ecological zone that doubles as a green river. Not only will this reduce flood risks, but it will also make the city much more attractive and probably increase the value of adjacent houses and offices. Their geographical design approach is applicable anywhere and makes it possible to identify opportunities for interaction between functions and design solutions that fit well into their environment. Like the three other papers from Delft University of Technology, which were written in a combined and coordinated effort 1, the presentation of the paper is excellent. Their analysis effectively integrates two relevant scales of analysis that of the basin and of the city and applied a layer approach in their analysis and recommendations for future planning and development, which the panel of judges considered to be very innovative. Moreover, the geographical design approach is also relatively easily applicable and can be adopted in all other urbanized delta areas in the world. Therefore, the panel of judges awarded the second prize in the DeltaCompetition to this team. The most original, innovative as well as attractive paper was submitted to the DeltaCompetition by Rutger de Graaf, Michiel Fremouw, Bart van Bueren, Karina Czapiewska and Maarten Kuijper from Delft University of Technology. Their paper Floating city IJmeer, accelerator for delta technology is not only highly visionary, but also provides us with a pragmatic management approach to realize their long-term, sustainable solution to typical urban pressure in a typical delta - the IJmeer in the Netherlands. Moreover, their innovative floating city concept addresses a very urgent need to meet urbanization needs in the Amsterdam-Almere region. We believe that this paper is fine reading material for decision makers and stakeholders currently involved in this process. It combines technical solutions with a management approach based on transition theory, which is currently very popular in (public) management sciences. Finally, the paper is very accessible and the team has worked out inspiring graphical displays of their floating city. All in all, this paper is a highly innovative solution to an urgent problem in a typical delta area without losing sight of practical applicability by integrating technical, environmental, social, economic and public administration knowledge. It is not surprising that the panel of judges came to a unanimous decision to award the first prize of the DeltaCompetition to Floating city IJmeer.

8 The panel of judges wishes to thank and congratulate all participants in the DeltaCompetition. Not only has the DeltaCompetition inspired young students all over the world, but the solutions they have come up with are very promising indeed. We especially recommend reading these five papers to all experts, decision makers and other stakeholders involved. We believe that these contributions constitute a source of inspiration for urgent problems facing many densely populated delta areas throughout the world. And we encourage the students who have participated in the DeltaCompetition, and especially the prize winners, to continue their work and maintain their inspiration and enthusiasm when they graduate and become professionals and decision makers themselves. On behalf of the Panel of Judges, Prof. Ir. L. de Quelerij, Chairman 1 The DeltaSync team consisted of four teams from Delft University of Technology that each submitted a paper. DeltaSync was founded and coordinated by Ties Rijcken. Gert Jan de Werk from the Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management was their reference teacher.

9 10

10 panel of judges CVs Prof. Ir. L. de Quelerij Louis de Quelerij was born on 29 July 1952 in Vlissingen, the Netherlands. He studied civil engineering at the Delft Technical University of Technology and obtained his Masters degree in From 1976 to 1986, he was employed by the Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management at the Rijkswaterstaat Department. From 1986 to 2002 he worked at Fugro Ingenieursbureau B.V., one of the operating companies of Fugro NV. As managing director, he was responsible for the geotechnical services in the Netherlands. He has been working for Fugro as director for one day/week from October 2002 to date. From that same date he has been professor of Civil Engineering and dean of the faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences at the Delft University of Technology. He has more than 25 years experience as geotechnical consultant in many infrastructure projects. He published over 30 international papers related to hydraulic engineering, sheetpiles, dynamic compaction, waste materials, maintenance and risk analysis. He is the final editor of the Dutch Guideline for Foundation Engineering (SBR). He is a member of the Dutch Royal Institute of Engineers (KIVI), Netherlands Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechncial Engineering (NSSMGE), registered engineer of the Professional Association of Dutch Consulting Engineers (ONRI). Currently he is chairman of the KIVI/NIRIA department Geotechnics, the BSIK research programme Delft Cluster, the TU Delft Research Centres Water, Earth and Mobility. w w w. c i t g. t u d e l ft. n l Prof. Dr. R. J. Nicholls Robert Nicholls was born in 1958 in the United Kingdom. He obtained his PhD on The Stability of Shingle Beaches in the Eastern Half of Christchurch Bay in 1985 from the University of Southampton. He has worked in the University of Plymouth, the University of Maryland, Flood Hazard Research Centre at Middlesex University, and since 2004 has been Professor of Coastal Engineering in the University of Southampton. His main research interests are long-term coastal engineering and management, especially the issues of coastal impacts and adaptation to climate change, with an emphasis on sea-level rise. This includes lead authorship of chapters in four reports of the Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC): Second Assessment Report (1996); the Regional Assessment (1998); the Special Report on Technology Transfer (2000); and the Third Assessment Report (2001). Currently, he is convening lead author for the Coastal Systems and Low-Lying Areas chapter in the IPCC 4th assessment, which is due to be published in He participated in the UK-funded Fast Track assessments of climate change as the coastal expert, led the SURVAS Project which reviewed vulnerability of coastal zones around the world from 1999 to 2001 and is leading the coastal research theme in Phase II of the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research. He was a lead investigator on the DINAS-COAST Project which lead to the development of the DIVA tool for sub-national to global vulnerability assessment. w w w. c i v i l. s o t o n. a c. u k /m a i n _ c i v i l. h t m 11

11 Prof. Dr. P. Hooimeijer Pieter Hooimeijer (born in 1955) obtained his PhD on Demographic Change, Household Evolution and the Housing Market from the University of Utrecht with Marianne Linde in From 1983 to 1984 Dr. Hooimeijer worked as Lecturer of Statistics at the Department of Geography Free University Amsterdam. He was Research Assistant at the Faculty of Geographical Sciences, University of Utrecht in From 1986 to 1988 he worked as NWO Research Fellow at the Faculty of Geographical Sciences University of Utrecht. Dr. Hooimeijer was Director of Education of the Netherlands Graduate School of Housing and Urban Research from 1988 to From 1991 to 1995 he worked as Associate Professor of Demography and Population Geography at the Faculty of Geographical Sciences Utrecht University and as Professor of Demography at the Institute of Planning and Demography at the Faculty of Environmental Sciences University of Amsterdam. From 1995 to 1998 he was Professor of Demography at the Faculty of Geographical Sciences Utrecht University. From 1999 to 2000 he worked as Scientific Director of the Netherlands Graduate School of Housing and Urban Research and Professor of Demography at Utrecht University. From 2001 to 2005 he was Dean at the Faculty of Geographical Sciences and Professor of Demography at Utrecht University. At this moment Dr. Hooimeijer is Professor of Human Geography, Head of Department Human Geography & Planning, Scientific Director Netherlands Graduate School of Urban and Regional Research. w w w. g e o. u u. n l Prof. Dr. R. A. Meganck Prof. Richard A. Meganck is the director of the UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, the largest water education facility in the world. Prof. Meganck is a US citizen whose career spans twenty-five years of experience in international development and management of natural resources. He was Assistant Secretary General and Director for Sustainable Development and the Environment at the Organization of American States. In this capacity he managed over twenty major projects in trans-boundary water resources, renewable energy, natural hazard vulnerability reduction, climate change/sea level rise, public participation in decision-making and biodiversity management. Prof. Meganck was also the founding Director of the United Nations Environmental Program International Environmental Technology Center in Osaka, Japan. He served as the Director and Regional Representative of the United Nations Environmental Program for Asia and the Pacific in Bangkok. Prof. Meganck received his BS and MS from Michigan State University and received his PhD from Oregon State University. He is the author of more than 70 journal articles and published reports and has published more than 100 scientific papers. Prof. Meganck serves as an international advisor for several organizations including the Corporate Board of Advisors of the United Nations University and the Board of Governors of the World Water Council. w w w. u n e s c o - i h e. o r g 12

12 Dr. J.M. Visser After visiting the Netherlands as part of the New Orleans delegation and hearing about the DeltaCompetition, Dr. Jenneke Visser, associate professor at the Coastal Ecology Institute of the Louisiana State University also joined the team of jury members. Dr. Visser is particularly involved in coastal restoration and wetland protection research and projects. Among others, she is modeling coastal processes and landscape dynamics in the Louisiana Delta Plain and providing university assistance in the development of the Coastal Wetland Planning, Protection and Restoration Act. Dr. Visser was born in the Netherlands, where she did her bachelors and masters in Biology, at the University of Amsterdam. After that she moved to the USA and focused on marine sciences during her PhD at the Louisiana State University. In 2004 she became an associate professor research at this University. C.Th. Smit, LLM, MSc Tom Smit is Member of the Management Council of Royal Haskoning and the Director of the Spatial Development Division of Royal Haskoning. Besides his management position in the firm, he is management consultant and senior legal advisor in the field of water, spatial development and the environment. As a legal advisor he has been responsible for drafting a large number of water and environmental laws, among others in: >> Greece, advisory services for the Ministry of Environment concerning the new Environmental Law ( ), >> Egypt, advisory services for the Ministry of Water Resource Management concerning waterboard policies and rules ( ), >> Romania, advisory services for the Ministry of Environment concerning environmental and safety policies and rules (1998), >> Bosnia- Herzegovina, advisory services for three Entity s, an Organization of Independent Supervisors and the EU concerning the River Basin Authority policies and their implementation ( ), >> Netherlands, responsible for the extension and transition of the general terms of the Environmental Hygiene Law to the Environmental Management Law ( ). w w w. r o ya l h a s k o n i n g. c o m 13

13 Dr. Ir. M. J. van der Vlist Maarten van der Vlist, who was born on 25 October 1954, studied town and country planning at Wageningen University and until 1999 he worked there in the Spatial Planning Development Department. In 1998 he obtained his doctorate with a thesis on Duurzaamheid als planningsopgave (sustainability as a planning challenge) in which he investigated the area-focused coordination of spatial, environmental and water policy on a regional scale. Maarten van der Vlist has been a vision and development consultant on the staff of the Director-General for Public Works and Water Management of the Netherlands since April Prior to this Mr van der Vlist, worked for six years at the Institute for Inland Water Management and Waste Water Treatment (RWS-RIZA) in Lelystad ( ). He was head of the Space and Water Department. This relationship between water and space was also at the core of the scenario project Extreme toekomst: waterlast of waterlust (extreme future the water we want and the water we don t). He also contributed to the trend report Koersen op tijdgeest (setting a course in tune with the times) produced by the Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management. This knowledge formed part of the basis on which he advised policy directorates in The Hague on water policy. w w w.v e r k e e r e n w a t e r s t a a t. n l Dr. A. Datta Dr. Anjan Datta, born in 1952, studied Economics and Development Studies. After receiving a Masters in Economics with Honours, he started his career as a development worker and later moved into research leading to a PhD in Development Studies. In 2002 he joined the United Nations Environment Programme as Programme Officer and currently acts as the Head of Non-Point Source Pollution Unit in UNEP Coordination Office of the Global Programme of Action for the Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities. Prior to joining UNEP, during he worked with various research institutes, UN agencies, the World Bank, NGOs and bi-lateral donor agencies. During this time he also worked with the Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, the Netherlands and the MacArthur Foundation in the USA as a Fellow. In mid 1999 he joined the University of Leeds, United Kingdom as a staff member. During his tenure in the University of Leeds he acted as a Research Coordinator for the South Asia Sustainable Livelihood Policy Research Programme, and also worked as a Senior Fellow at the Centre for Water Policy and Development housed within the School of Geography. Over the years he published extensively on land and water resources management. He is the author of three books, published numerous articles for academic journals and edited books, and written many research monographs. w w w. u n e p. o r g 14

14 FLOATING CITY IJMEER ACCELERATOR FOR DELTA TECHNOLOGY Floating City IJmeer Accelerator for Delta Technology Prizewinner of The DeltaCompetition 2006 RuTGER DE GRAAF (TEAM LEADER) PhD Student Water Management MICHIEL FREMOuW Msc Student Building Technology BART VAN BuEREN Msc Student Architecture & Building Technology KARINA CZAPIEWSKA Msc Student Real Estate & Housing MAARTEN KuIJPER Msc Student Civil Engineering 1

15 Abstract Climate change, sea level rise, population growth and ongoing urbanization result in higher vulnerability of the Rhine Delta because it will result in increased flooding frequency, increasing investments and increased use of water, energy and other resources. The Rhine Delta also faces strong competition from thriving economies such as China and India. After agriculture and industry, services are moving away to low cost countries as well. Conventional urbanization increases flood risk. This study presents a more self-supporting, non risk increasing concept of urbanization in the Almere-Amsterdam region, that will contribute to further economic and technological development of the Rhine Delta. This transition experiment aims to learn and build experience with non risk increasing modes of urbanization in order to contribute to the societal change to a sustainable Rhine Delta. It uses local water and energy resources instead of external resources only. Moreover, its addition to housing capacity does not result in an equal addition to economic damage in case of flooding. The floating city is an accelerator for delta technology; it offers a testing ground for pilots of new water, energy and floating technology. It will enhance knowledge based activities in the Amsterdam-Almere region, a unique area with high economic potential. The testing ground in this region will attract knowledge intensive hi-tech companies as well as highly educated knowledge workers. The development of the floating city is combined with large scale wetland development in the IJmeer to create an ecological improvement. Moreover, Floating City IJmeer contributes to reducing regional mobility and housing problems and anticipates on an expected increased demand for water recreation. The transition management governance model is used to place the floating city in a broader perspective and offers guidance on turning this concept into reality. 1 Introduction The Rhine Delta is of high economic and geographic importance; Europe s largest harbour Rotterdam and an economic engine of high importance, the Amsterdam-Almere area, are located in this delta. The IJsselmeer-Waddenzee area is a wetland of European importance for ecology. The Amsterdam-Almere area is selected as a specific case study because in this region, balancing economy, ecology, recreation, housing and mobility requires development of innovative delta concepts. Water engineering made economic development of this once marshy delta possible, but also resulted in an area that is largely located below sea level. High investments and population density have made this area highly vulnerable to extreme flooding events with low probability (Graaf and Ven, submitted). Estimated damage in case of sea defense failure is 400 billion euros, an amount larger than the Dutch yearly available national budget (Ale, 2006). Climate change, sea level rise, population growth and ongoing urbanization result in higher vulnerability of the Rhine Fig. 1 Dutch areas below sea level (AHN) 16

16 Delta because it will result in increased flooding frequency, increased investments and increased use of water, energy and other resources. These resources are extracted from increasingly remote areas. As a result dependence of external areas, including politically unstable areas, will increase. The Rhine Delta also faces strong competition from thriving economies such as China and India. After agriculture and industry, services are moving away to low cost countries as well. Making the switch to knowledge-intensive high value added economic activities is therefore of vital importance for the Rhine Delta. Conventional urbanization increases flood risk. The aim of this study is to develop a more self supporting, non risk increasing concept of urbanization in the Almere Amsterdam region that will contribute to further economic and technological development in the Rhine Delta. In this paper we analyze national trends, developments in the Amsterdam region and technical innovations. We present a transition experiment of a more self-supporting floating city in the IJmeer. This transition experiment aims to learn and build experience with non risk increasing modes of urbanization in order to contribute to the societal change to a sustainable Rhine Delta. The floating city is an accelerator for delta technology; it offers a testing ground for pilots of new technology. 2 Scientific background 2.1 Sustainability Since the publication of the UN report Our common future of the Brundtland commission (WCED, 1987), sustainability is considered primarily in terms of continuing to improve human well being, whilst not undermining the natural resource base on which future generations will have to depend. There is no common agreement on the exact definition of sustainability. However, most approaches on sustainability mention balancing of interests between social, ecological and economical aspects. (Elkington, 2001; Rotmans, 2003; Butler, 2006). 2.2 Transitions to more sustainable urban areas More sustainable urban areas means balancing economic developments (mobility), social developments (flood security, housing demand) and ecological developments. Urbanization that also uses local resources of water and energy and which results in no further increase of expected damage (risk times impact) in case of flooding, contributes to sustainability. However, changing to other modes of urbanization by system innovation is a long term process, impeded by long expected lifetime of urban infrastructure (Butler, 1997; Hiessl et al., 2001), high levels of invested capital, high levels of uncertainty and institutional problems (Czemiel and Hyvonen, 2002). One of the main institutional problems is the number of institutions that are involved in urban development. Future developments in the Rhine Delta, such as climate change and economic, technological and demographical developments, are characterized by wide margins of uncertainty, creating fundamental problems for policy makers and water managers. Decisions are made without knowing the exact consequences or knowing future societal demands. A management approach to deal with complex problems under conditions of high uncertainty is transition management (Rotmans, 2003), which is aimed at realization of societal transformations to increase sustainability. A transition is a structural change in the way a societal system operates, and as such a long-term process (25-50 years) (Rotmans, 2003). Transition management thus is a governance model for long-term policies, since transitions typically take a generation or more to unfold. It starts from the recognition that for these highly complex and uncertain problems, blueprint solutions are impossible to develop on beforehand. Therefore, experimenting and learning-by-doing are crucial. Executing transition experiments is about learning new modes of urbanization (system innovation) rather than optimizing existing infrastructure. The information and experience gained by these experiments are used to improve other experiments, knowledge and skills until there is enough know-how and preparedness to transform current urban structure. 17

17 3 Analysis For a successful transition, the condition is that developments on macro, meso and micro scale have an enhancing effect on each other (Rotmans, 2003). Therefore, developments on three levels will be evaluated. National developments on macro scale, regional developments on meso scale and technical innovations on micro scale. Based on a workshop meeting with all Deltasync teams, we selected trends that are particularly important for the Rhine Delta. 3.1 Macro level Demographic developments Population growth will probably continue until 2035 and stabilize just below 18 million inhabitants (CBS, 2006). Slow population decrease will start around 2040 according to the average scenario. Moreover, the number of inhabitants per house will also decrease from 2.31 now to 2.17 in (CBS, 2006) This will cause continued growing of housing demand in the Netherlands for the coming decades. In the Dutch urban delta, the expected rise in households will be much higher than the average Dutch level. As a result, housing demand in this area will be very high. Another important demographic development is aging of the Dutch population. The percentage of people of 65 years and older will rise from 14.4% to around 20% in 2025 (CBS, 2006). The worker-pensioner ratio currently is 4 to 1. However, in 2040 this will have increased to 2.5 to 1. As a result the financial burden for the working part of the population will increase. Innovation and development of the knowledge economy will be important to sustain the social system by increasing competitive capacity of the economy and production efficiency. 22 x mln global economy strong europe transatlantic market regional communities prognosis Fig. 2 Long term population growth according to various scenarios (Jong, 2004) Climate change Climate projections in Table 1 (KNMI, 2006) indicate that in the Netherlands more rainfall can be expected in winter whereas the summers become drier. Droughts will occur more frequently and the variation of water resources increases. The expected summer discharge of the Rhine will decrease with 10% in an average climate scenario and even 60% in a dry scenario (NMP, 2005). Another effect of climate change is sea level rise, this effect combined with land subsidence and lower river discharge in summer can result in problems with salinity and increases flooding frequency. Consequently, water intake from rivers in delta areas becomes more difficult, the chance of water shortage increases. The frequency, at which years with very high salinity in the delta (like 1976) occur, increases with 80% in an average climate scenario (RIZA, 2005). Overall, creating space for water storage will be increasingly important as well as developing building technology that contributes to reduced flooding vulnerability. 18

18 2050 G G+ W W+ Global temperature rise +1 C +1 C +2 C +2 C Change air circulation pattern in Western Europe no yes no yes Winter Average temperature +0,9 C +1,1 C +1,8 C +2,3 C Average precipitation amount 4% 7% 7% 14% 10 days precipitation sum with expected exceeding frequency of once in 10 years 4% 6% 8% 12% Highest daily average wind velocity per year 0% 2% -1% 4% Summer Average temperature +0,9 C +1,4 C +1,7 C +2,8 C Average precipitation amount 3% -10% 6% -19% 10 days precipitation sum with expected exceeding frequency of once in 10 years 13% 5% 27% 10% Potential evaporation 3% 8% 7% 15% Sea level Absolute increase cm cm cm cm Table 1 - Climate scenarios for the Netherlands (KNMI, 2006) Knowledge based economy After agriculture and manufacturing, services are also being outsourced to low cost countries such as India and China. In the IT sector, for instance, outsourcing is expected to grow 44% this year (Ernst&Young, 2006). As set out in the Lisbon strategy in 2000, the European Union should focus its efforts in the realms of science, technology and sustainability to create growth and jobs. Europe seems to be experiencing a brain drain however, as there is a net migration of people with a tertiary education to the US (EC, 2003). A renewed effort is required to reach the Lisbon-strategy goals (EC, 2006), either by means of funding or by projects. The Amsterdam-Almere region includes two universities, several research institutes and numerous hightech companies, making it an area of interest for Dutch efforts in reaching these goals. At this moment, however, the Amsterdam area is rated at place 11 in Europe for public and private R&D investments as percentage of Gross Regional Product (Regio Randstad, 2005). In addition, to make the step from science and knowledge towards economic impacts, applying science in practice is necessary. Starting small scale transition experiments where all kinds of innovative technologies can be applied, tested and further developed will enhance knowledge based activities in this region. This testing ground will attract knowledge intensive hi-tech companies as well as highly educated knowledge workers. 3.2 Meso level Development of recreation and tourism Both Amsterdam and Almere are expanding towards the IJmeer. Population increase in the region will result in additional pressure on existing recreational locations and a demand for new ones. This is not necessarily a negative influence on local ecology, according to a collective of nine interest groups (both governmental and non-governmental) combined (Stuurgroep Verkenning IJmeer, 2005), because it can be combined with ecological enrichment. Additionally, recreational activities with a low environmental impact (like sailing) can be stimulated by building additional facilities in the region. 19

19 Development of the Amsterdam-Almere area The IJmeer region is part of the Dutch ecological main structure, and plays an important role in bird migration in Europe. Stuurgroep Verkenning IJmeer, has ascertained that the ecosystem in the region has been rapidly declining since the early nineties, and that not intervening will result in a continuation of this process. On the other hand, the city of Almere is continuing to grow, and next to the added pressure of housing projects, the increase in population requires additional recreational functions in the area. However, these two demands are not necessarily mutually exclusive. A balance needs to be found between ecological preservation demands and housing needs. Urban and recreational developments in the IJmeer combined with large scale nature development can strengthen both economic and ecological values in this region. (Stuurgroep Verkenning IJmeer, 2005). The presence of Schiphol one of Europe s main air hubs, the Netherlands second largest seaport and a prestigious business district on the Zuidas makes the so-called Randstad Noordvleugel an economic centre of national importance. At this moment, the Amsterdam region is listed in the top-5 favourite places to locate a business in Europe. (Regio Randstad, 2005). To continue growth and attract more expat knowledge workers, the Zuidas business district would also benefit from additional high quality housing. Its unique location and innovative nature will make the floating city a growth catalyst in the region. The VROM council and the V&W council argue that for continued growth of Amsterdam and Almere, these main cities in the Noordvleugel should be developed not separately but as a conjoined urban area, a twin city. The opportunities for housing growth in Amsterdam are limited, whereas Almere can still expand to the west. (VROM/V&W, 2006). Demand for housing The estimated shortage of houses in the Amsterdam-Almere area was in 2002 (Vermazen, 2002). Building locations in the direct vicinity of Amsterdam are necessary to reach the ambitious targets set by the municipal board of Amsterdam. In the period to 2010, new houses will have to be built in the Amsterdam area. According to the head of the Housing Corporations in Amsterdam, new building sites are essential to reach those targets. (Peijs, 2006). Because of its location between the two large cities, the IJmeer is an area of interest in this matter. With IJburg, Amsterdam has already created a new housing project in the area, and Almere is soon to follow with Almere Pampus and Almere Poort along the IJmeer s rim (Fig. 3). Fig. 3 Urban development of Amsterdam and Almere (Peijs, structuurdocument, 2006) Demand for infrastructure The economic damage caused by traffic congestion in the Netherlands is estimated to be a650 million in 2006, most of which originates from urban beltways and main traffic axes (RWS-AVV, 2004). According to Rijkswaterstaat, the province of Flevoland has the longest living-working distances in the Netherlands and that performance of the A6 connection between Almere and Amsterdam is among the lowest (Rijkswaterstaat, 2005). The ministry of Economic Affairs considers motor vehicle accessibility in the Randstad s North Wing to be of national priority (EZ, 2006). A preliminary study published by the ROA (Regional Body of Amsterdam) in April of 2006 suggests an improved public transportation connection between Almere and Amsterdam is a necessity for continued development of the region. It also suggests an additional road connection over the IJmeer, while not strictly necessary, will improve current traffic conditions in the region (ROA, 2006). 20

20 3.3 Micro level Small scale transition experiments can contribute in achieving sustainable development and can stimulate the development of a knowledge based economy. In this paragraph some innovative technologies with particular opportunities for Dutch delta technology are further elaborated. Floating structure technology Current floating homes are constructed using concrete pontoons as a basis, due to inherent stability, low cost, no required maintenance (Hendriks, 1999) and the ability to use the pontoon itself as a living space (Aqua Struenda, 2004). With a few adaptations this technology should be able to provide a basis for an entire city. To this end either large quantities of pontoons need to be prefabricated, or fewer, larger elements in a dry-dock near the site (specially constructed for this purpose). It s possible to create elements up to 150 meters long and wide in this fashion (Kuijper, 2006). Joining elements brings the added benefit of a fail-safe mechanism to the structure, because even if an accident causes one element to lose buoyancy, its neighbours can still distribute its load. Larger elements can benefit from this fail-safe mechanism by internal compartmentalization. The resulting compartments can be utilized, for example as storage rooms, parking garages or building engineering spaces. A recent alternative to this technology is the combined use of EP-foam and concrete. EP-foam can be moulded into complex shapes, and by shaping these in such a way that concrete can be poured into the openings between the blocks, the result is an unsinkable float with a concrete framework (Rijcken, 2003). The flexibility of this system allows for creation of complex, organically shaped floats, making it possible to create more natural settings within the floating city. Fig. 4 Floating element (Rijcken, 2003) 21

Guideline for Stress Testing the Climate Resilience of Urban Areas

Guideline for Stress Testing the Climate Resilience of Urban Areas Netherlands Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment Delta Programme Urban Development and Reconstruction Guideline for Stress Testing the Climate Resilience of Urban Areas Extended summary Version 1.0

More information

Water Management in the Netherlands

Water Management in the Netherlands Water Management in the Netherlands Eric Boessenkool Senior Advisor to the Management Board of RIjkswaterstaat Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment New ministry since end of 2010 Merger of Ministry

More information

Climate Change Long Term Trends and their Implications for Emergency Management August 2011

Climate Change Long Term Trends and their Implications for Emergency Management August 2011 Climate Change Long Term Trends and their Implications for Emergency Management August 2011 Overview A significant amount of existing research indicates that the world s climate is changing. Emergency

More information

CSCAP MEMORANDUM No. 15 The Security Implications of Climate Change

CSCAP MEMORANDUM No. 15 The Security Implications of Climate Change CSCAP MEMORANDUM No. 15 The Security Implications of Climate Change A Memorandum from the Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific (CSCAP) June 2010 CSCAP Memorandum No. 15 The Security Implications

More information

Sediment and Dredged Material Management - Relevance and Objectives 18 September 2003

Sediment and Dredged Material Management - Relevance and Objectives 18 September 2003 - Relevance and Objectives 1. Scope of the Dutch German Exchange (DGE) The Netherlands and Germany have large river systems such as Danube, Rhine, Meuse, Elbe, Weser and Ems, which have important hydrological

More information

climate change is happening. This April produced the record for the first month in human history

climate change is happening. This April produced the record for the first month in human history Tsering Lama Occidental College 15 Climate Change, Renewable Energy, and the Hong Kong Connection In a literature review, 97% of climate scientists have concluded that anthropogenic climate change is happening.

More information

CONFEDERATION OF ASIA-PACIFIC CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY (CACCI)

CONFEDERATION OF ASIA-PACIFIC CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY (CACCI) CONFEDERATION OF ASIA-PACIFIC CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY (CACCI) Policy Paper on Flexible Responses to Environmental Uncertainty and Infrastructure Resolved as of 3 rd October,. A. BACKGROUND 1.

More information

Title: Guiding Models and Norm Study for Water Storage: A new way of thinking?

Title: Guiding Models and Norm Study for Water Storage: A new way of thinking? Tools Title: Guiding Models and Norm Study for Water Storage: A new way of thinking? Keywords: Regional; communication; inundation; stakeholder engagement; water management; spatial planning Audience:

More information

State of Qatar. Ministry of Environment. Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) Report. November 19 th, 2015

State of Qatar. Ministry of Environment. Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) Report. November 19 th, 2015 State of Qatar Ministry of Environment Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) Report November 19 th, 2015 State of Qatar is pleased to submit its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions

More information

A sustainable energy and climate policy for the environment, competitiveness and long-term stability

A sustainable energy and climate policy for the environment, competitiveness and long-term stability 2009-02-05 A sustainable energy and climate policy for the environment, competitiveness and long-term stability The party leaders of Alliance for Sweden entered into an agreement today on a long-term,

More information

Hanover Declaration Local Action Driving Transformation

Hanover Declaration Local Action Driving Transformation Hanover Declaration Local Action Driving Transformation 1 National Governments: Build upon local authority climate leadership! The International Conference on Climate Action 2015 (ICCA2015) showed that

More information

Roadmap for moving to a competitive low carbon economy in 2050

Roadmap for moving to a competitive low carbon economy in 2050 Roadmap for moving to a competitive low carbon economy in 2050 COUNTRY CAPITAL XXX, 9 March 2011 NAME XXX DG Climate Action European Commission 1 Limiting climate change a global challenge Keeping average

More information

SECTOR ASSESSMENT (SUMMARY): CLIMATE CHANGE. 1. Sector Performance, Problems, and Opportunities

SECTOR ASSESSMENT (SUMMARY): CLIMATE CHANGE. 1. Sector Performance, Problems, and Opportunities Climate Resilience Sector Project (RRP TON 46351) Sector Road Map SECTOR ASSESSMENT (SUMMARY): CLIMATE CHANGE 1. Sector Performance, Problems, and Opportunities 1. Tonga is being affected by climate change,

More information

Resolution XII.13. Wetlands and disaster risk reduction

Resolution XII.13. Wetlands and disaster risk reduction 12 th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Wetlands (Ramsar, Iran, 1971) Punta del Este, Uruguay, 1-9 June 2015 Resolution XII.13 Wetlands and disaster risk reduction 1. RECALLING

More information

The Dutch Delta Approach

The Dutch Delta Approach Sweden Mission from Skane The Dutch Delta Approach Future proof flood risk management in the Netherlands Martien Beek Special advisor to Delta Program Commissioner 18 September 2013 1 The Netherlands exposure

More information

New challenges of water resources management: Title the future role of CHy

New challenges of water resources management: Title the future role of CHy New challenges of water resources management: Title the future role of CHy by Bruce Stewart* Karl Hofius in his article in this issue of the Bulletin entitled Evolving role of WMO in hydrology and water

More information

MINISTERIAL MEETING OF THE BLUE WEEK 2015

MINISTERIAL MEETING OF THE BLUE WEEK 2015 5 JUNE 2015 MINISTERIAL MEETING OF THE BLUE WEEK 2015 We, Ministers responsible for Ocean/ Fisheries/ Maritime Affairs, having met in Lisbon on June the 5 th, 2015, at the invitation of the Minister of

More information

Capacity Building in IWRM: The IWRM MSc Curriculum at the Water and Environment Centre, Republic of Yemen.

Capacity Building in IWRM: The IWRM MSc Curriculum at the Water and Environment Centre, Republic of Yemen. Capacity Building in IWRM: The IWRM MSc Curriculum at the Water and Environment Centre, Republic of Yemen. Dr. R.W.O. Soppe 1, Prof. Dr. A.S. Babaqi 2 and Dr. F. Huibers 3 1 WaterWatch (Remote sensing

More information

WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE TURKISH COASTAL SITES OF THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA

WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE TURKISH COASTAL SITES OF THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE TURKISH COASTAL SITES OF THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA The Mediterranean region, due to its climatic and geographical features, has been the home of many civilizations throughout history.

More information

Executive Summary. The Unsustainability of Disaster Costs

Executive Summary. The Unsustainability of Disaster Costs Creating Disaster Resiliency: Implementing Regional Coordination and National Disaster Prevention Networks A Whitepaper Based on BCLC s February 2012 Systemic Community Resiliency Workshop Executive Summary

More information

Smart Cities. Smart partners in tomorrow s cities

Smart Cities. Smart partners in tomorrow s cities DNV KEMA serving the energy industry Smart Cities Smart partners in tomorrow s cities Experience, knowledge and advanced methods & tools for smart city planning and implementation 02 I DNV KEMA SERVING

More information

4.4 ECOCITY Tampere - Vuores

4.4 ECOCITY Tampere - Vuores 4.4 ECOCITY Tampere - Vuores Figure 4.4.1 Location of the Vuores area 4.4.1 General information The Vuores case area is a typical greenfield development in a woodland area to the south of the city of Tampere.

More information

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR INDONESIA: NATIONAL CAPITAL INTEGRATED COASTAL DEVELOPMENT

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR INDONESIA: NATIONAL CAPITAL INTEGRATED COASTAL DEVELOPMENT Coordinating Ministry of Economic Affairs, Republic of Indonesia SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR INDONESIA: NATIONAL CAPITAL INTEGRATED COASTAL DEVELOPMENT (Greeting,) KEY NOTES On International Water Week

More information

Country overview and assessment

Country overview and assessment 2. BULGARIA This country fiche provides a comprehensive overview and assessment of climate change adaptation in Bulgaria. After detailing the vulnerability of Bulgaria s coastal zones, the responsibility

More information

HOW TO FUND BASIN MANAGEMENT PLANS? Invest in IWRM - it pays back!

HOW TO FUND BASIN MANAGEMENT PLANS? Invest in IWRM - it pays back! HOW TO FUND BASIN MANAGEMENT PLANS? Invest in IWRM - it pays back! Jean-François DONZIER Permanent Technical Secretary of the International Network of Basin Organizations (INBO), General Manager of the

More information

INDONESIA - LAW ON WATER RESOURCES,

INDONESIA - LAW ON WATER RESOURCES, Environment and Development Journal Law LEAD INDONESIA - LAW ON WATER RESOURCES, 2004 VOLUME 2/1 LEAD Journal (Law, Environment and Development Journal) is a peer-reviewed academic publication based in

More information

Discussion about the practicability of implementing flood risk. management and urban flood insurance in China. Longhua Gao, Xiaoqing Zhou

Discussion about the practicability of implementing flood risk. management and urban flood insurance in China. Longhua Gao, Xiaoqing Zhou Discussion about the practicability of implementing flood risk management and urban flood insurance in China Longhua Gao, Xiaoqing Zhou Abstract: This paper explains the flood risk management at first,

More information

sample The IPCC Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation

sample The IPCC Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation sample The IPCC Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation A changing climate leads to changes in extreme weather and climate events 2 Impacts

More information

ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS

ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS www.ivm.vu.nl/ee 1 IN SHORT The Department of Environmental Economics is one of the largest groups of environmental economists in Europe, consisting of 14 staff members and close

More information

Risk and vulnerability assessment of the build environment in a dynamic changing society

Risk and vulnerability assessment of the build environment in a dynamic changing society Risk and vulnerability assessment of the build environment in a dynamic changing society Limnei Nie SINTEF Building and infrastructure, P.O.Box 124 Blindern, NO-0314 Oslo, Norway. linmei.nie@sintef.no

More information

CLIMATE CHANGE VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT OF CAPE VERDE

CLIMATE CHANGE VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT OF CAPE VERDE CLIMATE CHANGE VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT OF CAPE VERDE SUMMARY FOR POLICY MAKERS panoramio.com 1 Ministry of Environment, Housing and Territory Planning B.P. 115 Praia Cape Verde http://www.governo.cv United

More information

7th Framework Programme Theme 6 Environment (including climate change)

7th Framework Programme Theme 6 Environment (including climate change) 7th Framework Programme Theme 6 Environment (including climate change) «Environnement» et «Énergie» Programme D. Deybe DG RTD Environment Directorate 1 Cooperation Collaborative Research Ten themes 1.

More information

It s hard to avoid the word green these days.

It s hard to avoid the word green these days. Going green : Environmental jobs for scientists and engineers Alice Ramey Alice Ramey is an economist in the Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections, BLS. She is available at (202)

More information

Questions and Answers on the European Commission Communication: The Paris Protocol A blueprint for tackling global climate change beyond 2020

Questions and Answers on the European Commission Communication: The Paris Protocol A blueprint for tackling global climate change beyond 2020 European Commission - Fact Sheet Questions and Answers on the European Commission Communication: The Paris Protocol A blueprint for tackling global climate change beyond 2020 Brussels, 25 February 2015

More information

Climate Change Impacts in the Asia/Pacific Region

Climate Change Impacts in the Asia/Pacific Region Climate Change Impacts in the Asia/Pacific Region Global CC threat CC in the A/P region The Stern Review and IPCC 4 th Assessment Report both state that climate change will have adverse impact on people

More information

2010 Salida Community Priorities Survey Summary Results

2010 Salida Community Priorities Survey Summary Results SURVEY BACKGROUND The 2010 Salida Community Priorities Survey was distributed in September in an effort to obtain feedback about the level of support for various priorities identified in the draft Comprehensive

More information

ARCHIVE PhD IN THE SPOTLIGHT

ARCHIVE PhD IN THE SPOTLIGHT ARCHIVE PhD IN THE SPOTLIGHT Gwenda van der Vaart Gwenda van der Vaart is a PhD researcher at the Department of Cultural Geography, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, University of Groningen (http://www.rug.nl/staff/g.van.der.vaart/).

More information

Office of Climate Change, Energy Efficiency and Emissions Trading. Business Plan

Office of Climate Change, Energy Efficiency and Emissions Trading. Business Plan Office of Climate Change, Energy Efficiency and Emissions Trading Business Plan April 1, 2011 - March 31, 2014 Table of Contents Message from the Premier...3 1.0 OVERVIEW...4 2.0 MANDATE...5 3.0 LINES

More information

FOUR RIVERS RESTORATION PROJECT

FOUR RIVERS RESTORATION PROJECT MLTM Republic of Korea Making Every Drop Count International Workshop on Integrated Urban Water Management WATER & GREEN GROWTH FOUR RIVERS RESTORATION PROJECT Office of National River Restoration, Korea

More information

Responding to the Challenges of Water Security: the VIII Phase of the International Hydrological Programme 2014-2021

Responding to the Challenges of Water Security: the VIII Phase of the International Hydrological Programme 2014-2021 3rd UNECWAS Annual Seminar 21st of August, TUT Responding to the Challenges of Water Security: the VIII Phase of the International Hydrological Programme 2014-2021 Blanca Jimenez-Cisneros Director of the

More information

LATITUDES INTERNATIONAL DESIGN CHALLENGE 2015-16

LATITUDES INTERNATIONAL DESIGN CHALLENGE 2015-16 LATITUDES INTERNATIONAL DESIGN CHALLENGE 2015-16 Design Challenge Resilient working environments: carving the city for small businesses in London Submitted by: University of Westminster MSc Architecture

More information

DISASTER RISK DETECTION AND MANAGEMENT COURSES SETUP SCENARIO AT MAKERERE UNIVERSITY. Makerere University

DISASTER RISK DETECTION AND MANAGEMENT COURSES SETUP SCENARIO AT MAKERERE UNIVERSITY. Makerere University DISASTER RISK DETECTION AND MANAGEMENT COURSES SETUP SCENARIO AT MAKERERE UNIVERSITY CASE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY Derek Muhwezi 2 MISSION OF THE DEPARTMENT To provide and promote quality education,

More information

Recovery of full cost and pricing of water in the Water Framework Directive

Recovery of full cost and pricing of water in the Water Framework Directive Abstract Recovery of full cost and pricing of water in the Water Framework Directive D. Assimacopoulos Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering, NTUA The Water Framework Directive (EC 2000/60) introduces

More information

Co-creation progress update and an invitation to respond. Overview of ideas from co-creation activities towards a Climate Ready UK...

Co-creation progress update and an invitation to respond. Overview of ideas from co-creation activities towards a Climate Ready UK... Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Climate Ready Co-creation progress update and an invitation to respond July 2012 Contents Overview of ideas from co-creation activities towards a Climate

More information

Martine Jak 1 and Matthijs Kok 2

Martine Jak 1 and Matthijs Kok 2 A DATABASE OF HISTORICAL FLOOD EVENTS IN THE NETHERLANDS Martine Jak 1 and Matthijs Kok 2 1 Department of Transport, Public works and Water Management Road and Hydraulic Engineering Division P.O. Box 5044

More information

Iowa Smart Planning. Legislative Guide March 2011

Iowa Smart Planning. Legislative Guide March 2011 Iowa Smart Planning Legislative Guide March 2011 Rebuild Iowa Office Wallace State Office Building 529 East 9 th St Des Moines, IA 50319 515-242-5004 www.rio.iowa.gov Iowa Smart Planning Legislation The

More information

High tech indoor farming for the city

High tech indoor farming for the city Assignment Research on the spatial impact of technologies in the city Year 2012-2013 Client Atelier Rijksbouwmeester Project team Thijs van Bijsterveldt Oana Radeş Harm Timmermans Pieter Heymans Davide

More information

Hong Kong Declaration on Sustainable Development for Cities

Hong Kong Declaration on Sustainable Development for Cities Hong Kong Declaration on Sustainable Development for Cities 1. We, the representatives of national and local governments, community groups, the scientific community, professional institutions, business,

More information

Climate-proofing freshwater supply in the Netherlands

Climate-proofing freshwater supply in the Netherlands Climate-proofing freshwater supply in the Netherlands ECCA 2013 20 februari 2013 Ron Franken, Jelle van Minnen, Willem Ligtvoet 1 Climate-proofing freshwater supply in the Netherlands Leading questions

More information

Ref.: SCBD/MPO/AF/CR/84948 31 August 2015 N O T I F I C A T I O N. Preparation for the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit 2015

Ref.: SCBD/MPO/AF/CR/84948 31 August 2015 N O T I F I C A T I O N. Preparation for the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit 2015 Ref.: SCBD/MPO/AF/CR/84948 31 August 2015 Dear Madam/Sir, N O T I F I C A T I O N Preparation for the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit 2015 I am pleased to inform you that the President of

More information

THE STRATEGIC PLAN OF THE HYDROMETEOROLOGICAL PREDICTION CENTER

THE STRATEGIC PLAN OF THE HYDROMETEOROLOGICAL PREDICTION CENTER THE STRATEGIC PLAN OF THE HYDROMETEOROLOGICAL PREDICTION CENTER FISCAL YEARS 2012 2016 INTRODUCTION Over the next ten years, the National Weather Service (NWS) of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

More information

Island Renaissance Enabling resilient and flourishing island communities

Island Renaissance Enabling resilient and flourishing island communities Ecosystem health Sea level rise 19% Preparedness Employment Seismic activity Social development Tourism Imported energy dependency Food sources 21% Future proof urban structure Pollutant source Port activity

More information

Developments in Turkey in the Context of Participatory Approach Based on River Basin Management. Nermin ÇİÇEK, Özge Hande SAHTİYANCI

Developments in Turkey in the Context of Participatory Approach Based on River Basin Management. Nermin ÇİÇEK, Özge Hande SAHTİYANCI Developments in Turkey in the Context of Participatory Approach Based on River Basin Management Nermin ÇİÇEK, Özge Hande SAHTİYANCI The Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs, General Directorate of Water

More information

Aiding the Hydro-scheme development process. Web-links to useful information sources

Aiding the Hydro-scheme development process. Web-links to useful information sources Aiding the Hydro-scheme development process. Web-links to useful information sources Web-pages are in bold. These pages aim at providing developers, land-owners, decision makers and advisors with a collation

More information

Proposed Terms of Reference for EIA studies

Proposed Terms of Reference for EIA studies 1 Proposed Terms of Reference for EIA studies Base line data collection will be collected for the Post-Monsoon season 2016 (September to November 2016) in study area and 10 kms radius from project site.

More information

Climate Change Impacts to the Water Environment: Thailand

Climate Change Impacts to the Water Environment: Thailand Climate Change Impacts to the Water Environment: Thailand Wijarn Simachaya, Ph.D Pollution Control Department Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment http://www.pcd.go.th 1 Overview of Presentation

More information

European measures for Air Quality requested

European measures for Air Quality requested European measures for Air Quality requested VNG-IPO position paper September 2005 Summary IPO, VNG and Regio Randstad represent the Dutch regional and local authorities. IPO represents the 12 provinces,

More information

Floating City. 21 april 2011 Ir. Bart van Bueren

Floating City. 21 april 2011 Ir. Bart van Bueren Floating City 21 april 2011 Ir. Bart van Bueren First price Deltacompetition 2006 Background Winner Haskoning Deltacompetition 2006 2006 cum laude architecture + building tech TU Delft Highlight Onderzoek

More information

FLOOD PROTECTION AND ECOSYSTEM SERVICES IN THE CHEHALIS RIVER BASIN. May 2010. Prepared by. for the. 2010 by Earth Economics

FLOOD PROTECTION AND ECOSYSTEM SERVICES IN THE CHEHALIS RIVER BASIN. May 2010. Prepared by. for the. 2010 by Earth Economics FLOOD PROTECTION AND ECOSYSTEM SERVICES IN THE CHEHALIS RIVER BASIN May 2010 Prepared by for the Execubve Summary The Chehalis Basin experienced catastrophic flooding in 2007 and 2009. In response, the

More information

Netherlands National Energy Outlook 2014

Netherlands National Energy Outlook 2014 Netherlands National Energy Outlook 2014 Summary Michiel Hekkenberg (ECN) Martijn Verdonk (PBL) (project coordinators) February 2015 ECN-E --15-005 Netherlands National Energy Outlook 2014 Summary 2 The

More information

AN INITIATIVE TO IMPROVE

AN INITIATIVE TO IMPROVE L OW E R C A R M E L R I V E R A N D L AG O O N F L O O D P L A I N R E S TO R AT I O N A N D E N H A N C E M E N T P R O J E C T AN INITIATIVE TO IMPROVE FLOOD PROTECTION RESTORE AND PROTECT RIPARIAN

More information

Global water resources under increasing pressure from rapidly growing demands and climate change, according to new UN World Water Development Report

Global water resources under increasing pressure from rapidly growing demands and climate change, according to new UN World Water Development Report WWDR4 Background Information Brief Global water resources under increasing pressure from rapidly growing demands and climate change, according to new UN World Water Development Report As demand for water

More information

Capacity Building in the New Member States and Accession Countries on Further Climate Change Action Post-2012

Capacity Building in the New Member States and Accession Countries on Further Climate Change Action Post-2012 Capacity Building in the New Member States and Accession Countries on Further Climate Change Action Post-2012 (Service Contract N o 070402/2004/395810/MAR/C2) 29 November 2007 Almost all New Members States

More information

Declaration on the 20th Anniversary of the Barents Euro-Arctic Cooperation. (Kirkenes, Norway, 3 4 June 2013)

Declaration on the 20th Anniversary of the Barents Euro-Arctic Cooperation. (Kirkenes, Norway, 3 4 June 2013) 1 Declaration on the 20th Anniversary of the Barents Euro-Arctic Cooperation (Kirkenes, Norway, 3 4 June 2013) Prime Ministers and other high-level representatives of the members of the Barents Euro- Arctic

More information

Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Pros:

Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Pros: P a g e 1 Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Generating Electrical Energy Using Moving Water: Hydro-Electric Generation

More information

FLOOD DAMAGES AND TOOLS FOR THEIR MITIGATION Lenka Camrova, Jirina Jilkova

FLOOD DAMAGES AND TOOLS FOR THEIR MITIGATION Lenka Camrova, Jirina Jilkova FLOOD DAMAGES AND TOOLS FOR THEIR MITIGATION Lenka Camrova, Jirina Jilkova University of Economics, Prague, 2006, pp. 418. ISBN: 80-86684-35-0 English Summary In 1997 and 2002 the Czech Republic was heavily

More information

SUBMISSION BY THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

SUBMISSION BY THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES SUBMISSION BY THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES 22 October 2015 Intended Nationally Determined Contribution of the United Arab Emirates In the post-2020 period the United Arab Emirates will continue to expand its

More information

Viet Nam Da Nang Waste water management

Viet Nam Da Nang Waste water management Case Study Country: City: Key Sectors: Viet Nam Da Nang Waste water management Local Partner Organization Geography and Population Da Nang People s Committee Department of Natural Resources and Environment

More information

International Workshop for the Recovery of Bam s Cultural Heritage

International Workshop for the Recovery of Bam s Cultural Heritage Shared Legacy, Common Responsibility International Workshop for the Recovery of Bam s Cultural Heritage Bam City, Kerman Province, Islamic Republic of Iran 17-20 April 2004 Declaration and Concluding Recommendations

More information

Strategy for 2012 to 2015. An active player from rural areas to the metropolis

Strategy for 2012 to 2015. An active player from rural areas to the metropolis Strategy for 2012 to 2015 ELY Centre for An active player from rural areas to the metropolis Well-being and impact through cooperation network The operating environment of the Centre for Economic Development,

More information

Keeping below 2 degrees

Keeping below 2 degrees Keeping below 2 degrees Avoiding dangerous climate change It is widely recognised that if the worst impacts of climate change are to be avoided then the average rise in the surface temperature of the Earth

More information

Kristina Veidemane, Baltic Environmental Forum Panevezys, 12.05.2015

Kristina Veidemane, Baltic Environmental Forum Panevezys, 12.05.2015 Priority 2 Protection and restoration of biodiversity and soil and promotion of ecosystem services, including through Natura 2000, and green infrastructure Kristina Veidemane, Baltic Environmental Forum

More information

Big Data Collection and Utilization for Operational Support of Smarter Social Infrastructure

Big Data Collection and Utilization for Operational Support of Smarter Social Infrastructure Hitachi Review Vol. 63 (2014), No. 1 18 Big Data Collection and Utilization for Operational Support of Smarter Social Infrastructure Kazuaki Iwamura Hideki Tonooka Yoshihiro Mizuno Yuichi Mashita OVERVIEW:

More information

Trend Analysis & Scenario Planning

Trend Analysis & Scenario Planning Trend Analysis & Scenario Planning Thinking about future infrastructure to support higher living standards June 2013 Hosted by NIAB members with the NIU team of Carrie Cooke, Richard Ward and Roger Fairclough

More information

A Self Assessment to Address Climate Change Readiness in Your Community Midwest Region

A Self Assessment to Address Climate Change Readiness in Your Community Midwest Region A Self Assessment to Address Climate Change Readiness in Your Community Midwest Region 0 Climate Change Readiness Index A Self Assessment to Address Climate Change Readiness in Your Community Communities

More information

2013-2015. Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District STRATEGIC PLAN

2013-2015. Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District STRATEGIC PLAN Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District STRATEGIC PLAN 2013-2015 The Strategic Plan identifies the District s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats, and provides direction and focus to help

More information

Ecosystem Services in the Greater Houston Region. A case study analysis and recommendations for policy initiatives

Ecosystem Services in the Greater Houston Region. A case study analysis and recommendations for policy initiatives Ecosystem Services in the Greater Houston Region A case study analysis and recommendations for policy initiatives Ecosystem Services Ecosystems provide services through their natural processes that we

More information

EPA S TECHNOLOGY NEEDS FOR THE WATER AND WASTEWATER INDUSTRY

EPA S TECHNOLOGY NEEDS FOR THE WATER AND WASTEWATER INDUSTRY EPA S TECHNOLOGY NEEDS FOR THE WATER AND WASTEWATER INDUSTRY Nancy Stoner Acting Assistant Administrator U.S. EPA Office of Water International Emerging Technology Symposium Arlington, VA April 23rd, 2014

More information

Climate Change and Infrastructure Planning Ahead

Climate Change and Infrastructure Planning Ahead Climate Change and Infrastructure Planning Ahead Climate Change and Infrastructure Planning Ahead Infrastructure the physical facilities that support our society, such as buildings, roads, railways, ports

More information

Biological Diversity and Tourism: Development of Guidelines for Sustainable Tourism in Vulnerable Ecosystems

Biological Diversity and Tourism: Development of Guidelines for Sustainable Tourism in Vulnerable Ecosystems Biological Diversity and Tourism: Development of Guidelines for Sustainable Tourism in Vulnerable Ecosystems Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity Foreword The rapid and often uncontrolled

More information

UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME. Environment for Development

UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME. Environment for Development UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME Environment for Development UNEP is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system UNEP s mission is to provide leadership and encourage partnership

More information

SECTION 3.2 CLIMATE AND PRECIPITATION

SECTION 3.2 CLIMATE AND PRECIPITATION SECTION 3.2 CLIMATE AND PRECIPITATION Ulster County Climate Data A preliminary analysis of the Preserve s weather data shows that the average temperature has risen about two degrees over the past 114 years.

More information

Dutch Climate Policy:

Dutch Climate Policy: Dutch Climate Policy: Local challenge supported by the national government >> Focus on energy and climate change Climate is on the agendas Dutch municipalities include climate targets in their policies

More information

Survey and Mapping Activities in Vietnam *

Survey and Mapping Activities in Vietnam * UNITED NATIONS E/CONF.100/CRP.1 ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COUNCIL Eighteenth United Nations Regional Cartographic Conference for Asia and the Pacific Bangkok, 26-29 October 2009 Item 7(a) of the provisional

More information

Plan for the Establishment of ASEM Water Resources Research and Development Center

Plan for the Establishment of ASEM Water Resources Research and Development Center 2011/05/04 Plan for the Establishment of ASEM Water Resources Research and Development Center I. Background As one of the fundamental natural resources and strategic economic resources, and a key component

More information

THE BAY OF KIEL CLIMATE ALLIANCE

THE BAY OF KIEL CLIMATE ALLIANCE ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN MOUNTAIN & COASTAL AREAS: A TRANSATLANTIC DIALOGUE APRIL 16 19, 2013, Climate Service Center, Hamburg, Germany Experience of Adaptation Activities in THE BAY OF KIEL CLIMATE

More information

Submission by the United States of America to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Communication of U.S. Adaptation Priorities May 29, 2015

Submission by the United States of America to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Communication of U.S. Adaptation Priorities May 29, 2015 Submission by the United States of America to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Communication of U.S. Adaptation Priorities May 29, 2015 Adaptation is a challenge for all Parties. In addition

More information

Critical Need to Rebuild Atlantic City and Protect Vulnerable Environmental Justice Populations Affected by Hurricane Sandy

Critical Need to Rebuild Atlantic City and Protect Vulnerable Environmental Justice Populations Affected by Hurricane Sandy Critical Need to Rebuild Atlantic City and Protect Vulnerable Environmental Justice Populations Affected by Hurricane Sandy Presented by: Roy L. Jones, Executive Director, National Institute for Healthy

More information

SUMMERSCHOOL 2009 TU Delft Rotterdam Kop van Zuid

SUMMERSCHOOL 2009 TU Delft Rotterdam Kop van Zuid SUMMERSCHOOL 2009 TU Delft Rotterdam Kop van Zuid John Westrik Expert Urban Design Department of urban planning, housing and traffic Municipality, city of Rotterdam; may 2005 Manager of the urban design

More information

Status of the World s Soil Resources

Status of the World s Soil Resources 5 December 2015 Status of the World s Soil Resources The Intergovernmental Technical Panel on Soils (ITPS), the main scientific advisory body to the Global Soil Partnership (GSP) hosted by the Food and

More information

Resource efficiency. United Nations Environment Programme

Resource efficiency. United Nations Environment Programme Resource efficiency United Nations Environment Programme An overview Economic growth and social development cannot be sustained with our current consumption and production patterns. Globally, we are extracting

More information

Program of the study tour in the Netherlands. for. Delegations from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro

Program of the study tour in the Netherlands. for. Delegations from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro Program of the study tour in the Netherlands for Delegations from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro ACCESS TO INFORMATION AND PUBLIC PARTICIPATION within the EUROPEAN

More information

SECTION 1.0 STATUTORY AUTHORIZATION AND PURPOSE

SECTION 1.0 STATUTORY AUTHORIZATION AND PURPOSE A local law for Flood Damage Prevention as authorized by the New York State Constitution, Article IX, Section 2, and Environmental Conservation Law, Article 36 1.1 FINDINGS SECTION 1.0 STATUTORY AUTHORIZATION

More information

Edital Faperj n.º 38/2014 RCUK CONFAP RESEARCH PARTNERSHIPS CALL FOR PROJECTS

Edital Faperj n.º 38/2014 RCUK CONFAP RESEARCH PARTNERSHIPS CALL FOR PROJECTS Edital Faperj n.º 38/2014 RCUK CONFAP RESEARCH PARTNERSHIPS CALL FOR PROJECTS Research Councils UK (RCUK) (http://www.rcuk.ac.uk/) and the Brazilian Council of State Funding Agencies (CONFAP) (www.confap.org.br;

More information

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Hydropower

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Hydropower Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Hydropower What are the advantages of Hydropower? A renewable source of energy - saves scarce fuel reserves. Non-polluting and hence environment friendly. Long life

More information

SOUTH EAST EUROPE TRANSNATIONAL CO-OPERATION PROGRAMME

SOUTH EAST EUROPE TRANSNATIONAL CO-OPERATION PROGRAMME SOUTH EAST EUROPE TRANSNATIONAL CO-OPERATION PROGRAMME 3 rd Call for Proposals Terms of reference Climate Change Adaptation: assessing vulnerabilities and risks and translating them to implementation actions

More information

Rotterdam. Climate Change Adaptation Strategy ROTTERDAM WORLD POR T WORLD CITY ROTTERDAM WORLD

Rotterdam. Climate Change Adaptation Strategy ROTTERDAM WORLD POR T WORLD CITY ROTTERDAM WORLD otterdam Climate Change daptation Strategy OM WOL O WOL CIY OM WOL otterdam Climate Change daptation Strategy Our climate is changing. s a global port city in the utch delta, otterdam will notice the effects

More information

Stormwater management around the world Lessons from Novatech 2010 Dennis Corbett and Marion Urrutiaguer

Stormwater management around the world Lessons from Novatech 2010 Dennis Corbett and Marion Urrutiaguer Stormwater management around the world Lessons from Novatech 2010 Dennis Corbett and Marion Urrutiaguer Novatech 2010, the 7th international conference on sustainable techniques and strategies in urban

More information

Assessing adaptation options for climate change: A guide for coastal communities in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific 1. Assessment process

Assessing adaptation options for climate change: A guide for coastal communities in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific 1. Assessment process Assessing adaptation options for climate change: A guide for coastal communities in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific 1. Assessment process Scoping Identifying options Evaluation of options Planning implementation

More information

Amsterdam: a different energy. 2040 Energy Strategy

Amsterdam: a different energy. 2040 Energy Strategy Amsterdam: a different energy 2040 Energy Strategy Foreword Amsterdam plans to become the beating heart of a sustainable metropolis by 2040. A creative and varied city, economically and socially strong,

More information