PUBLIC CONSULTATION 1. INTRODUCTION

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "PUBLIC CONSULTATION 1. INTRODUCTION"

Transcription

1 PUBLIC CONSULTATION ON LIMITATION PERIODS FOR COMPENSATION CLAIMS OF VICTIMS OF CROSS-BORDER ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION 1. INTRODUCTION For more than 10 years the European Union has developed its multidimensional policy towards victims. The Communication of the Commission "Strengthening victims' rights in the EU", adopted on 18 May , announced actions to ensure that victims in Europe receive recognition and respectful treatment, protection, support, access to justice and restoration. Looking to the future for the next phase of action on victims rights, the Communication set out the Commission's intention to address the question of limitation periods for cross-border traffic accidents. This public consultation is a follow-up to the Communication "Strengthening victims' rights in the EU" concentrating on the situation of the victims of traffic accidents abroad (cross-border traffic accidents). Every year Europeans make 1.4 billion journeys abroad, of which 90% are within the European Union. A large number of these are by road transport means. Every year more than 1 million road traffic accidents occur in the European Union, causing over 1,4 million personal injuries. 2 Although cross-border road traffic accidents represent a small percentage of road traffic accidents in the EU27 3, the fact that the accident happened in a Member State other than that of the habitual residence of the victim should not impede victims rights. One problem with the current situation is that victims of cross-border road traffic accidents ('accident-abroad victims') often face difficulties with respect to the time-limits for claiming compensation. 4 The applicable time-limits for bringing a claim are determined by the law of the Member State where the accident occurred, in accordance with the Union conflict of law rules 5. The national rules on time-limits are not only complex but also vary considerably COM(2011) 274 final The Communication "Strengthening victims' rights", with reference to Eurostat, Statistics in Focus 94/2009; Eurobarometer 337/2010 and European Commission, CARE database. See "Compensation of victims of cross-border road traffic accidents in the EU: Assessment of selected options", study by the EP, March 2007, p. 1 and p 15. The cross border factor makes it difficult to assess the exact number of accidents involving "accident-abroad victims" of road traffic accidents. Moreover, the collection of statistical data of this kind is not centralised at national or at Union level. (with reference to SEC(2005)1777, ). The available data are related to Germany, where in ,200 out of 450,000 road traffic accidents involved foreigners with habitual residence outside Germany. This makes up to 2% of road traffic accidents involving a cross-border dimension. This was discussed also at the meeting between Vice-President Viviane Reding and the leaders of European insurance companies on 21 September The issue of law applicable to rules of prescription and limitation related to the non-contractual obligations was clarified in Regulation (EC) No 864/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the law applicable to non-contractual obligations (Rome II) that was adopted in 2007 and entered into application on 11 January Article 15 provides explicitly that the law applicable to non-contractual obligations, such as compensation of damages caused by a traffic accident, governs in 1

2 throughout the EU. 'Accident-abroad victims' will often not be familiar with the rules of the country they are travelling in. This creates obstacles for asserting claims for damages. Where the time-limits for bringing a legal action for damages are particularly short in a given Member State, victims may even end up receiving no compensation at all. The divergences in the laws of compensation of victims of cross-border traffic accidents have already been noted in a study launched by the Commission in 2008 which also developed certain policy options for improving the situation 6. On the basis of this study, a consultation was carried out by the Commission in early In the light of the Communication "Strengthening victims' rights in the EU", the scale of the problem, and the potential solutions should be re-assessed. To this end the Commission's Directorate-General Justice is launching this public consultation to which all interested parties are invited to contribute. 2. PRACTICAL DIMENSION OF THE PROBLEM Divergent national legislation on limitation periods creates a potential risk of losing the right to claim compensation for the victims of cross-border road traffic accidents. In order to design appropriate and proportionate measures that could remedy this situation, it is necessary to verify the real and practical impact that this legal issue has on victims. Experiences of professionals, like lawyers or insurers are equally important as stories of citizens that faced or learned about such situations. The Commission is therefore seeking a better understanding of the factual scale of the problems encountered. Question 1: Have you experienced not receiving any compensation for damage suffered due to the expiry of time-limits for bringing a claim or are you aware of such a situation which affected a victim of a cross-border traffic accident? Please provide details of such case or cases. no Question 2: Would the position have been different if the accident had not happened abroad? If yes, please explain why. 3. POSSIBLE REMEDIES TO THE PROBLEM RELATED TO TIME-LIMITS FOR 'ACCIDENT- ABROAD VICTIMS' All national legal systems in the European Union endorse the principle that contractual and non-contractual obligations have to be asserted within a certain period of time. In their detail, however, the national laws of limitation and prescription periods differ considerably throughout the EU. The rules of prescription and limitation are indeed covered by the Member States' legislation and have not been harmonised at EU level. Differences relate first to the conceptual approach to the issue. While on the Continent, the "prescription of claims" operates to extinguish the claim itself, the "limitation of actions" in the Common law countries leaves the right intact and merely bars the action. More importantly, national 6 particular the manner in which an obligation may be extinguished and rules of prescription and limitation. Demolin, Brulard, Barthelemy Hoche: Compensation of victims of cross-border road traffic accidents in the EU: comparison of national practices, analysis of problems and evaluation of options for improving the position of cross-border victims, January 2009, final report available at 2

3 legislation differs considerably with regard to the moment when time starts to run, the date of the relevant knowledge, the ability to interrupt or stop the running of time, the presentation of evidence and the assertion of the defence that the claim is extinguished or time-barred. The differences in national legal systems were analysed in detail in the above-mentioned study on the compensation of traffic accident victims in the EU. As explained above, the law applicable to limitation periods for non-contractual obligations 7 is the law applicable to the obligation itself. For traffic accidents, this means in practice that the time-limits for bringing a claim are determined by the law of the country where the accident occurred. This rule has increased legal certainty given that it was previously controversial whether the relevant limitation period would be determined by the law of the forum or by the law applicable to the substance of the dispute. However, the different substantive laws of limitation and prescription periods in different Member States may give rise to undesirable consequences for the victims of accidents in cross-border litigation and place obstacles in the way of injured individuals trying to assert their rights in a Member State other than their own. 'Accident-abroad victims' may even end up receiving no compensation at all due to particularly short limitation or prescription periods in the Member State where the accident occurred. The problems created by the divergence of national limitation and prescription periods for victims of cross-border road traffic accidents were highlighted in an own-initiative report of the European Parliament which asked the Commission to identify possible options to address the issue 8. In a broader context, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights emphasised in its recent report that disproportionately short periods of limitation or prescription constitute an obstacle to accessing justice in the Member States which may contravene the right to a fair trial enshrined in Article 6 of the European Convention of Human Rights 9. The following options are presented to address the issue of time-limits for 'accident-abroad victims': Option 1: Improving information to 'accident-abroad victims' in concrete cases - optional The first possible remedy relates to the improvement of the information to victims about the time-limits to make the compensation claim in each Member State. An option would be to encourage insurance companies 10 to make such information available on a voluntary basis. Option 2: Improving information to 'accident-abroad victims' in concrete cases mandatory Another option would be to oblige insurance companies to make information about the applicable limitation and prescription periods available to the victim in case of a cross-border accident. This would not necessarily replace the need of the victim to seek professional legal advice but prevent the victim from seeking such advice too late to suspend or interrupt the relevant period in the country of the accident See Articles 4 and 15 of Regulation (EC) No 864/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 July 2007 on the law applicable to non-contractual obligations (Rome II) Limitation periods in cross-border disputes involving personal injuries and fatal accidents, EP resolution 2006/2014(INI) of 1 February Access to justice in Europe: an overview of challenges and opportunities, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, 2011, p. 38. This could be the liable party's third party insurer or victim's own insurer. 3

4 Option 3: Improving general information on limitation and prescription periods Besides case-specific information, there could be more general information easily available on the national prescription and limitation rules for compensation claims on damages caused by traffic accidents. The Commission could draw up country fiches describing the national limitation period system for each Member State and publish them on the website on the e- Justice Portal in all Union languages. Option 4: New rules harmonising limitation and prescription periods for cross-border traffic accidents One option would consist of harmonisation of national laws of limitation and prescription periods for cross-border traffic accidents at EU level. Such harmonisation could be partial, e.g. addressing only the reasons for suspending or interrupting the running of time or full in the sense that all relevant aspects (period, commencement, grounds for suspension/interruption) would be harmonised. The scope of the harmonisation could be limited to personal injury claims for cross-border traffic accidents or extend to any delictual claim arising in a cross-border context. 11 Given that limitation periods are generally established for broader categories of claims in national legal systems, this option would interfere more than the other options with the integrity of national legal systems, thereby increasing the risk of more complexity. Question 3: Do you think that the options presented above would be appropriate to address the problems outlined and, if so, why? Do you have an order of preference concerning these options and, if so, why? I think option 2 should be put first Question 4: As regards Option 1, who should be responsible for providing the relevant information to the 'accident-abroad victim', the' accident-abroad victim's' own insurer or the liable party's third party liability insurer? What is the best form of provision of such information? The relevant information should be provided by the insurers Question 5: Do you think that improving general information on the national rules on limitation and prescription periods for claims on compensation for damages in cross-border traffic accidents would be useful? yes Question 6: As regards Option 4, which aspects of the law of limitation or prescription periods should a European instrument cover: the length of the limitation period, the commencement and expiration of the period, the grounds of suspension or interruption of the period, rules on computation of time or all of the above? The length of the limitation period Question 7: Do you think there are other alternative actions that could be taken to improve the situation of accident-abroad victims by ensuring the rightful compensation for damages caused by traffic accidents? Should such actions be taken by the Member States or by the Union? Such actions should be taken by the EU 11 The question of consistency with the approach taken in other Union legislation, like in the Product Liability Directive would also need to be considered. 4

5 4. TWO LEGAL REGIMES FOR CLAIMS ARISING FROM CROSS-BORDER ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS A further issue of concern for victims is the absence of fully uniform rules determining the law applicable to cross-border traffic accidents in the European Union. Union law 12 allows the Member States parties to the 1971 Hague Convention on the law applicable to traffic accidents 13, the rules of which diverge from the Union law, to continue to apply that instrument. Consequently, the question whether and how much compensation a victim receives will depend in certain circumstances on the Member State of the court seised which can lead to unwarranted surprises for victims. This is particularly relevant if compensation for non-pecuniary loss is claimed since national law still differs greatly in this area. While both Union law and the 1971 Hague Convention contain the same general rule for determining the applicable law the law of the country where the accident occurred they diverge when it comes to the exceptions to the general rule. In this respect, Union law provides that where both the person claimed to be liable and the victim have their habitual residence in the same country, the law of that country shall apply. By contrast, the 1971 Hague Convention, in specific cases 14 provides for the application of the law of the country of registration of the vehicle or vehicles involved. Where several vehicles are involved in the accident, the law of the state of registration only applies if all vehicles are registered in the same country. Union law and the 1971 Hague Convention also diverge when it comes to party autonomy: Union law allows the parties to an accident to choose the applicable law whereas the Convention does not have a comparable provision. As a result, the law applicable to claims arising out of the traffic accident will in certain cases differ depending on the court seised of the case. This is notably relevant for the quite common situation where an injured passenger brings an action against the driver or owner of the vehicle illustrated by the following example 15 : an accident in Germany involves as the only vehicle a rental car registered in Belgium. All passengers, including the driver, have their habitual residence in Spain. If the victims decide to bring the case in Spain, which is party to the 1971 Hague Convention, their claims against the driver will be governed by Belgian law as the law of the country where the vehicle involved is registered. Conversely, if the case is brought to court in Germany, Union law would lead to the application of Spanish law to the claims of the victims since both the victims and the driver claimed to be liable have their habitual residence in Spain. The law to be applied (i.e. in the example the Belgian law or the Spanish law) would also cover the rules of prescription or limitation, which would thus also differ. Given that the law on compensation for damages differs considerably within the EU, the question which law applies to a claim resulting from a cross-border traffic accident may have significant impact on the outcome of a case. This situation leads to forum-shopping and can See Article 28 of Regulation (EC) No 864/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 July 2007 on the law applicable to non-contractual obligations (Rome II). Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, France, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain. See Article 4 of the Convention. Inspired by the facts of the case in French Cour de Cassation crim. 6 May 1981, RCDIP 1981, 679; for further examples see Kadner Graziano, The Rome II Regulation and the Hague Conventions on Traffic Accidents and Product Liability Interaction, conflicts and future perspectives, NiPR 2008, p 425 ss. 5

6 entail unwarranted surprises for victims who have initiated legal action without having obtained extensive (and expensive) legal advice weighing the advantages and disadvantages of one or the other applicable law regime. It also makes the out-of-court settlement of a claim more complicated because beforehand it is not clear what the victim would be entitled to receive in the absence of an amicable solution. 16 It should be considered whether and how to address this situation for 'accident-abroad victims' caused by two legal regimes for claims arising from cross-border traffic accidents. 17 An option would consist of fully coordinating the scope of the 1971 Hague Convention and Union law by providing that Union law should take priority where all parties to the accident are domiciled within the EU. This would allow uniform applicable law rules to apply within the EU for the majority of cases which do not involve parties from third countries. Alternatively, initiating a revision of the 1971 Hague Convention in the framework of the Hague Conference on Private International Law could be considered with a view to making that instrument acceptable to all Member States. Question 8: In your view, does the fact that the law applicable to claims arising out of the traffic accident will in certain cases differ depending on the court seised of the case create problems for victims? Have you experienced this or are you aware of a concrete situation in which this would have been problematic for victims? NO If so, what is the appropriate solution to address the shortcomings of the current situation? However, 'accident-abroad victims' may be able to use an efficient mechanism for the quick settlement of their claims by contacting in their own language the claims representative of the liable party's insurer or the compensation body in their own Member State. See Article 30 (1) (ii) of Regulation (EC) No 864/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 July 2007 on the law applicable to non-contractual obligations (Rome II) that refers specifically to studying the effects of Article 28 of the Regulation with respect to the 1971 Hague Convention. The information gained through this public consultation will feed in to the application report as one of the sources for assessment. 6

PUBLIC CONSULTATION 1. INTRODUCTION

PUBLIC CONSULTATION 1. INTRODUCTION PUBLIC CONSULTATION ON LIMITATION PERIODS FOR COMPENSATION CLAIMS OF VICTIMS OF CROSS-BORDER ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION 1. INTRODUCTION For more than 10 years the European Union has developed

More information

A Response by the Forum of Insurance Lawyers to the European Commission s Consultation on Limitation Periods for Compensation Claims for Victims of

A Response by the Forum of Insurance Lawyers to the European Commission s Consultation on Limitation Periods for Compensation Claims for Victims of A Response by the Forum of Insurance Lawyers to the European Commission s Consultation on Limitation Periods for Compensation Claims for Victims of Cross-Border Road Traffic Accidents in the European Union.

More information

PEOPIL The Pan-European Organisation of Personal Injury Lawyers www.peopil.com

PEOPIL The Pan-European Organisation of Personal Injury Lawyers www.peopil.com PEOPIL The Pan-European Organisation of Personal Injury Lawyers www.peopil.com PEOPIL RESPONSE TO THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION «GREEN PAPER ON THE REVIEW OF COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) NO 44/2001 ON JURISDICTION

More information

CONSULTATIVE DOCUMENT. CONSULTATION PAPER on the Compensation of victims of Cross-Border Road Traffic Accidents in the European Union

CONSULTATIVE DOCUMENT. CONSULTATION PAPER on the Compensation of victims of Cross-Border Road Traffic Accidents in the European Union EUROPEAN COMMISSION Internal Market and Services DG FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS Insurance and pensions Brussels, 26 March 2009 MARKT/H2/RM markt.h.2(2009)61541 FS/050.160/0032 CONSULTATIVE DOCUMENT CONSULTATION

More information

Consultation on the future of European Insolvency Law

Consultation on the future of European Insolvency Law Consultation on the future of European Insolvency Law The Commission has put the revision of the Insolvency Regulation in its Work Programme for 2012. The revision is one of the measures in the field of

More information

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES GREEN PAPER. on applicable law and jurisdiction in divorce matters. (presented by the Commission)

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES GREEN PAPER. on applicable law and jurisdiction in divorce matters. (presented by the Commission) COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES Brussels, 14.3.2005 COM(2005) 82 final GREEN PAPER on applicable law and jurisdiction in divorce matters (presented by the Commission) {SEC(2005) 331} EN EN GREEN

More information

Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION

Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, 8.12.2014 COM(2014) 721 final 2014/0345 (NLE) Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION authorising Austria, Belgium and Poland to ratify, or to accede to, the Budapest Convention on

More information

Expert Group on European Insurance Contract Law. Meeting of 12-13 November 2013 DISCUSSION PAPER 7: MOTOR INSURANCE.

Expert Group on European Insurance Contract Law. Meeting of 12-13 November 2013 DISCUSSION PAPER 7: MOTOR INSURANCE. Expert Group on European Insurance Contract Law Meeting of 12-13 November 2013 DISCUSSION PAPER 7: MOTOR INSURANCE GDV s comments Questions for discussion Preliminary remarks Motor insurance is a mass

More information

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT

COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES Brussels, 17.7.2006 SEC(2006) 949 COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT Annex to the proposal for a Council Regulation amending Regulation (EC) No 2201/2003 as regards

More information

Clearer rules for international couples frequently asked questions

Clearer rules for international couples frequently asked questions Clearer rules for international couples frequently asked questions Why does the EU need to act to help international couples? There are around 122 million marriages in the EU, of which around 16 million

More information

Rome II and traffic accidents

Rome II and traffic accidents Staudinger, Ansgar Rome II and traffic accidents The European Legal Forum (E) 2-2005, 61-67 2005 IPR Verlag GmbH München The European Legal Forum - Internet Portal Literature Doc. 605 www.european-legal-forum.com

More information

PEOPIL RESPONSE Identification number in the Commission register: 3123444121-20

PEOPIL RESPONSE Identification number in the Commission register: 3123444121-20 PEOPIL The Pan-European Organisation of Personal Injury Lawyers www.peopil.com Public Consultation on Limitation Periods for Compensation Claims of Victims of Cross-Border Road Traffic Accidents in the

More information

DEALING WITH INTERNATIONAL PERSONAL INJURY CLAIMS KATHERINE ALLEN IRWIN MITCHELL SOLICITORS

DEALING WITH INTERNATIONAL PERSONAL INJURY CLAIMS KATHERINE ALLEN IRWIN MITCHELL SOLICITORS DEALING WITH INTERNATIONAL PERSONAL INJURY CLAIMS KATHERINE ALLEN IRWIN MITCHELL SOLICITORS Acting for clients who have been injured in accidents abroad can be immensely challenging and complex. There

More information

PEOPIL The Pan-European Organisation of Personal Injury Lawyers www.peopil.com

PEOPIL The Pan-European Organisation of Personal Injury Lawyers www.peopil.com PEOPIL The Pan-European Organisation of Personal Injury Lawyers www.peopil.com PEOPIL RESPONSE TO THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION CONSULTATION PAPER ON «THE COMPENSATION OF VICTIMS OF CROSS-BORDER ROAD TRAFFIC

More information

PEOPIL The Pan-European Organisation of Personal Injury Lawyers www.peopil.com

PEOPIL The Pan-European Organisation of Personal Injury Lawyers www.peopil.com PEOPIL The Pan-European Organisation of Personal Injury Lawyers www.peopil.com - October 2012 - Proposal for a REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL ON LIMITATION PERIODS FOR COMPENSATION

More information

REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL

REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, 25.9.2014 COM(2014) 592 final REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL on the implementation in the period from 4 December 2011 until 31 December

More information

SUMMARY OF THE IMPACT ASSESSMENT

SUMMARY OF THE IMPACT ASSESSMENT EN EN EN COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES Brussels, SEC(2008) 350/2 COMMISSION STAFF WORKING DOCUMENT accompanying the Proposal for a DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL facilitating

More information

individual Member States to regulate their own civil procedure and substantive law in respect of domestic personal injury claims.

individual Member States to regulate their own civil procedure and substantive law in respect of domestic personal injury claims. Bar Council and Personal Injuries Bar Association response to the Ministry of Justice pre-consultation paper: Compensation for victims of cross-border road traffic accidents in the European Union 1. This

More information

PEOPIL The Pan-European Organisation of Personal Injury Lawyers

PEOPIL The Pan-European Organisation of Personal Injury Lawyers PEOPIL The Pan-European Organisation of Personal Injury Lawyers www.peopil.com PEOPIL S RESPONSE TO THE RECOMMENDATIONS TO THE COMMISSION ON A EUROPEAN DISABILITY SCALE - 2003/2130 (INI)? January 2004?

More information

Crossing Borders: What Happens When Rome Meets The Hague

Crossing Borders: What Happens When Rome Meets The Hague Crossing Borders: What Happens When Rome Meets The Hague Antoinette Collignon-Smit Sibinga * Antoinette Collignon-Smit Sibinga looks at the complexities that can arise in road accidents with a jurisdictional

More information

Anna Sapota* Jagielonian University in Kraków, Poland

Anna Sapota* Jagielonian University in Kraków, Poland THE ENHANCED COOPERATION IS IT AN INSTRUMENT EFFICIENT ENOUGH TO AVOID THE DIVERGENCE BETWEEN THE NATIONAL REGULATIONS OF PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW IN THE EU? Anna Sapota* Jagielonian University in Kraków,

More information

HARMONISATION OF PERSONAL INJURY LAW IN THE EU

HARMONISATION OF PERSONAL INJURY LAW IN THE EU HARMONISATION OF PERSONAL INJURY LAW IN THE EU By Muhammed Haque He is a civil advocate with wide experience in the County Court, High Court and Court of Appeal. He has acted in arbitrations and adjudications,

More information

COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE COUNCIL, THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE

COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE COUNCIL, THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE EN EN EN EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, COM(2010) COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE COUNCIL, THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE Removing cross-border tax obstacles

More information

Under European law teleradiology is both a health service and an information society service.

Under European law teleradiology is both a health service and an information society service. ESR statement on the European Commission Staff Working Document on the applicability of the existing EU legal framework to telemedicine services (SWD 2012/413). The European Society of Radiology (ESR)

More information

European judicial training 2014. Justice

European judicial training 2014. Justice European judicial training 2014 Justice Europe Direct is a service to help you find answers to your questions about the European Union. Freephone number (*): 00 800 6 7 8 9 10 11 (*) Certain mobile telephone

More information

EU Data Protection Directive and U.S. Safe Harbor Framework: An Employer Update. By Stephen H. LaCount, Esq.

EU Data Protection Directive and U.S. Safe Harbor Framework: An Employer Update. By Stephen H. LaCount, Esq. EU Data Protection Directive and U.S. Safe Harbor Framework: An Employer Update By Stephen H. LaCount, Esq. Overview The European Union Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC ( Directive ) went effective in

More information

Summary of replies to the public consultation on crossborder inheritance tax obstacles within the EU and possible solutions

Summary of replies to the public consultation on crossborder inheritance tax obstacles within the EU and possible solutions EUROPEAN COMMISSION DIRECTORATE-GENERAL TAXATION AND CUSTOMS UNION ANALYSES AND TAX POLICIES Direct tax policy & co-operation Brussels, Summary of replies to the public consultation on crossborder inheritance

More information

Proposal for a DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

Proposal for a DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, 9.12.2015 COM(2015) 635 final 2015/0288 (COD) Proposal for a DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL on certain aspects concerning contracts for the online

More information

ARE THE POINTS OF SINGLE CONTACT TRULY MAKING THINGS EASIER FOR EUROPEAN COMPANIES?

ARE THE POINTS OF SINGLE CONTACT TRULY MAKING THINGS EASIER FOR EUROPEAN COMPANIES? ARE THE POINTS OF SINGLE CONTACT TRULY MAKING THINGS EASIER FOR EUROPEAN COMPANIES? SERVICES DIRECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION REPORT NOVEMBER 2011 EUROPEAN COMPANIES WANT WELL-FUNCTIONING POINTS OF SINGLE CONTACT

More information

Summary of facts on the legal guaranty of conformity and commercial warranties

Summary of facts on the legal guaranty of conformity and commercial warranties Summary of facts on the legal guaranty of conformity and commercial warranties Main legal sources: Directive 1999/44/EC on sale of consumer goods and associated guarantees and Directive 2011/83/EU on consumer

More information

CONTRACT ETD/2007/IM/H2/116

CONTRACT ETD/2007/IM/H2/116 CONTRACT ETD/2007/IM/H2/116 IMPLEMENTED BY FOR DEMOLIN, BRULARD, BARTHELEMY COMMISSION EUROPEENNE - HOCHE - - DG FOR INTERNAL MARKET AND SERVICES - COMPENSATION OF VICTIMS OF CROSS-BORDER ROAD TRAFFIC

More information

Eligibility to Work in the UK

Eligibility to Work in the UK Eligibility to Work in the UK The University of Hull is obliged to carry out checks for all new employees before they commence work with the University to ensure it does not break the law in terms of illegal

More information

UNCITRAL legislative standards on electronic communications and electronic signatures: an introduction

UNCITRAL legislative standards on electronic communications and electronic signatures: an introduction legislative standards on electronic communications and electronic signatures: an introduction Luca Castellani Legal Officer secretariat International harmonization of e-commerce law Model Law on Electronic

More information

- Assessment of the application by Member States of European Union VAT provisions with particular relevance to the Mini One Stop Shop (MOSS) -

- Assessment of the application by Member States of European Union VAT provisions with particular relevance to the Mini One Stop Shop (MOSS) - - Assessment of the application by Member States of European Union VAT provisions with particular relevance to the Mini One Stop Shop (MOSS) - BACKGROUND The information available on this website relates

More information

Choice of Law for Cross Border Road Traffic Accidents

Choice of Law for Cross Border Road Traffic Accidents DIRECTORATE GENERAL FOR INTERNAL POLICIES POLICY DEPARTMENT C: CITIZENS' RIGHTS AND CONSTITUTIONAL AFFAIRS LEGAL AFFAIRS Choice of Law for Cross Border Road Traffic Accidents NOTE PE 462.492 EN This document

More information

LEGAL BASIS COMMON RULES

LEGAL BASIS COMMON RULES THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: ELECTORAL PROCEDURES The procedures for electing the European Parliament are governed both by European legislation defining rules common to all Member States and by specific national

More information

Choice of Law for Cross Border Road Traffic Accidents

Choice of Law for Cross Border Road Traffic Accidents DIRECTORATE GENERAL FOR INTERNAL POLICIES POLICY DEPARTMENT C: CITIZENS' RIGHTS AND CONSTITUTIONAL AFFAIRS LEGAL AFFAIRS Choice of Law for Cross Border Road Traffic Accidents NOTE PE 462.492 EN This document

More information

RTA VICTIMS: THE 4 TH MOTOR INSURANCE DIRECTIVE AND TRIER II CONFERENCE A PROPOSAL FOR LEGAL REFORM Mr. Paul Kuhn (Abstract)

RTA VICTIMS: THE 4 TH MOTOR INSURANCE DIRECTIVE AND TRIER II CONFERENCE A PROPOSAL FOR LEGAL REFORM Mr. Paul Kuhn (Abstract) RTA VICTIMS: THE 4 TH MOTOR INSURANCE DIRECTIVE AND TRIER II CONFERENCE A PROPOSAL FOR LEGAL REFORM Mr. Paul Kuhn (Abstract) INDICE GENERALE Presentation A) Introduction The provisions of the 4th Motor

More information

Car accident in Europe: How to react? Guideline for European consumers. Financial Services. Shopping. ecommerce. Health. Travelling.

Car accident in Europe: How to react? Guideline for European consumers. Financial Services. Shopping. ecommerce. Health. Travelling. Financial Services Shopping ecommerce Health Travelling Motor Vehicles Living in France Enforcing your Rights Car accident in Europe: How to react? Guideline for European consumers SUMMARY Essential in

More information

Opinion Statement of the CFE on the review of the Recognition of Professional Qualifications Directive 2005/36/EC

Opinion Statement of the CFE on the review of the Recognition of Professional Qualifications Directive 2005/36/EC Opinion Statement of the CFE on the review of the Recognition of Professional Qualifications Directive 2005/36/EC Submitted to the European Commission in March 2011 CFE (Confédération Fiscale Européenne)

More information

4. We understand this to mean that each provider state will need to ensure indemnity arrangements are in place to cover healthcare provided in that

4. We understand this to mean that each provider state will need to ensure indemnity arrangements are in place to cover healthcare provided in that Medical Defence Union response to consultation on European Commission s proposals for Directive on the application of patients rights in cross-border healthcare Introduction 1. The Medical Defence Union

More information

An Introductory Guide to Rome II for Personal Injury Practitioners

An Introductory Guide to Rome II for Personal Injury Practitioners An Introductory Guide to Rome II for Personal Injury Practitioners An Introductory Guide from the International Practice Group Spring 2010 Charles Dougherty and Marie Louise Kinsler Introduction On 11

More information

Planned Healthcare in Europe for Lothian residents

Planned Healthcare in Europe for Lothian residents Planned Healthcare in Europe for Lothian residents Introduction This leaflet explains what funding you may be entitled to if you normally live in Lothian (Edinburgh, West Lothian, Midlothian and East Lothian

More information

Mutual Insurance in Figures. Executive summary from the 2007 study produced by AMICE s predecessor association, AISAM

Mutual Insurance in Figures. Executive summary from the 2007 study produced by AMICE s predecessor association, AISAM Mutual Insurance in Figures Executive summary from the 2007 study produced by AMICE s predecessor association, AISAM Disclaimer AISAM 2007 all rights reserved The entire content of this AISAM-statistics

More information

The EU Succession Regulation

The EU Succession Regulation The EU Succession Regulation Introduction Regulation No 650/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2012 on jurisdiction, applicable law, recognition and enforcement of decisions and

More information

Introduction to the European Patent Office and the European patent system

Introduction to the European Patent Office and the European patent system Introduction to the European Patent Office and the European patent system Michaël De Smet European Patent Office 28-09-202 Contents The European Patent Convention The European Patent Office The European

More information

EUROPEAN COMMISSION: DIRECTORATE GENERAL FOR ENERGY AND TRANSPORT

EUROPEAN COMMISSION: DIRECTORATE GENERAL FOR ENERGY AND TRANSPORT EUROPEAN COMMISSION: DIRECTORATE GENERAL FOR ENERGY AND TRANSPORT COMMISSION STAFF WORKING PAPER RIGHTS OF PASSENGERS IN INTERNATIONAL BUS AND COACH TRANSPORT A RESPONSE BY THE ASSOCIATION OF PERSONAL

More information

A clean and open Internet: Public consultation on procedures for notifying and acting on illegal content hosted by online intermediaries

A clean and open Internet: Public consultation on procedures for notifying and acting on illegal content hosted by online intermediaries A clean and open Internet: Public consultation on procedures for notifying and acting on illegal content hosted by online intermediaries Questions marked with an asterisk * require an answer to be given.

More information

RECOMMENDATIONS. COMMISSION RECOMMENDATION of 7 March 2014 on strengthening the principle of equal pay between men and women through transparency

RECOMMENDATIONS. COMMISSION RECOMMENDATION of 7 March 2014 on strengthening the principle of equal pay between men and women through transparency L 69/112 Official Journal of the European Union 8.3.2014 RECOMMENDATIONS COMMISSION RECOMMENDATION of 7 March 2014 on strengthening the principle of equal pay between men and women through transparency

More information

Official Journal of the European Union

Official Journal of the European Union 5.6.2015 L 141/19 REGULATION (EU) 2015/848 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 20 May 2015 on insolvency proceedings (recast) THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION, Having

More information

Expert Group on European Insurance Contract Law. Meeting of 12-13 November 2013

Expert Group on European Insurance Contract Law. Meeting of 12-13 November 2013 Expert Group on European Insurance Contract Law Meeting of 12-13 November 2013 DISCUSSION PAPER 1 7: MOTOR INSURANCE 1. THE MOTOR INSURANCE MARKET IN THE EU Europe has the largest motor insurance market

More information

Knowhow briefs Statute of limitation - EMEA comparative table

Knowhow briefs Statute of limitation - EMEA comparative table Knowhow briefs Statute limitation - EMEA comparative table Executive Summary: Because Limitation can sometimes lead to a quick and easy win; Because, your can also be barred by the effects limitation;

More information

Automatic Recognition of Full Degrees. Erasmus Student Network AISBL *1. Emanuel Alfranseder #2. February 2014

Automatic Recognition of Full Degrees. Erasmus Student Network AISBL *1. Emanuel Alfranseder #2. February 2014 Automatic Recognition of Full Degrees *1 Emanuel Alfranseder #2 February 2014 * 1 ESN AISBL, Rue Hydraulique / Waterkrachtstraat, 15B, 1210 Saint-Josse-Ten-Noode / Sint-Jost-ten-Node, Brussels BELGIUM,

More information

What to look out for when you re bargain hunting. Summary CROSS-BORDER CAR PURCHASES

What to look out for when you re bargain hunting. Summary CROSS-BORDER CAR PURCHASES Summary CROSS-BORDER CAR PURCHASES What to look out for when you re bargain hunting This summary is part of the ECC-Net joint project 2015 on cross-border car purchase and registration. 1 Objective of

More information

"The technical problems, and possible solutions, in drafting international marriage contracts and pre-nuptial agreements"

The technical problems, and possible solutions, in drafting international marriage contracts and pre-nuptial agreements "The technical problems, and possible solutions, in drafting international marriage contracts and pre-nuptial agreements" 1. Is it possible to devise a pre-nuptial agreement which will prove effective

More information

Fourth Railway Package proposed by the European Commission

Fourth Railway Package proposed by the European Commission Department of Transport, Tourism and Sport Consultation Paper Fourth Railway Package proposed by the European Commission June 2013 Introduction This consultation paper is issued by the Department of Transport,

More information

Netherlands. Philip WM ter Burg and Femke Faes. Buren van Velzen Guelen NV

Netherlands. Philip WM ter Burg and Femke Faes. Buren van Velzen Guelen NV Philip WM ter Burg and Femke Faes 1 Treaties Is your country party to any bilateral or multilateral treaties for the reciprocal recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments? What is the country s approach

More information

Public consultation on Road infrastructure safety management on the trans-european networks. Position of the European Transport Safety Council (ETSC)

Public consultation on Road infrastructure safety management on the trans-european networks. Position of the European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) Public consultation on Road infrastructure safety management on the trans-european networks. Position of the European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) GENERAL COMMENT The European Transport Safety Council

More information

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. Measuring money laundering at continental level: The first steps towards a European ambition. January 2011 EUROPEAN COMMISSION

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. Measuring money laundering at continental level: The first steps towards a European ambition. January 2011 EUROPEAN COMMISSION MONEY LAUNDERING IN EUROPE Measuring money laundering at continental level: The first steps towards a European ambition EXECUTIVE SUMMARY January 2011 EUROPEAN COMMISSION DG HOME AFFAIRS FIGHT AGAINST

More information

COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION

COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, 17.9.2014 C(2014) 6767 final COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION Updating of data used to calculate lump sum and penalty payments to be proposed by the Commission to the Court

More information

Briefing note. Survey of environmental liability insurance developments

Briefing note. Survey of environmental liability insurance developments Briefing note Survey of environmental liability insurance developments June 2014 Introduction This paper responds to the consideration by the European Commission (EC) of a possible EU-wide compulsory insurance

More information

Towards a Single Market for Occupational Pensions Without Tax Obstacles

Towards a Single Market for Occupational Pensions Without Tax Obstacles Towards a Single Market for Occupational Pensions Without Tax Obstacles May 25 9:00 AM 9:45 AM Peter Schonewille, European Commission, DG TAXUD/E/3 Competence Centre for Pension Research, University of

More information

Study to inform a subsequent Impact Assessment on the Commission proposal on jurisdiction and applicable law in divorce matters

Study to inform a subsequent Impact Assessment on the Commission proposal on jurisdiction and applicable law in divorce matters Study to inform a subsequent Impact Assessment on the Commission proposal on jurisdiction and applicable law in divorce matters DRAFT FINAL REPORT to the European Commission DG Justice, Freedom and Security

More information

IMPROVEMENT OF COMPENSATION PROCEDURES OF VICTIMS IN ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS

IMPROVEMENT OF COMPENSATION PROCEDURES OF VICTIMS IN ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS TRANSBALTICA 2011 The 7 th International Conference May 5 6, 2011, Vilnius, Lithuania Selected papers ISSN 2029-2376 print / ISSN 2029-2384 online ISBN 978-9955-28-840-4 http://transbaltica.vgtu.ltt Vilnius

More information

Information/procedure Erasmus Erasmus+ Grant for Study and/or Internship Abroad

Information/procedure Erasmus Erasmus+ Grant for Study and/or Internship Abroad Information/procedure Erasmus+ 2016-2017 Erasmus+ Grant for Study and/or Internship Abroad INTERNATIONAL OFFICE 31 MAY 2016 ERASMUS+ 2016-2017 ERASMUS+ GRANT FOR STUDY AND/OR INTERNSHIP ABROAD ASTRID UMBGROVE

More information

Alcohol interlocks: towards a European approach for the fight against drinkdriving

Alcohol interlocks: towards a European approach for the fight against drinkdriving Ilyas Daoud Project Manager European Transport Safety Council Alcohol interlocks: towards a European approach for the fight against drinkdriving European Commission Representation in Poland Warsaw, 26

More information

EXPERT GROUP MEETING ON CLOUD COMPUTING CONTRACTS SYNTHESIS OF THE MEETING OF 30 APRIL 2014

EXPERT GROUP MEETING ON CLOUD COMPUTING CONTRACTS SYNTHESIS OF THE MEETING OF 30 APRIL 2014 1 EXPERT GROUP MEETING ON CLOUD COMPUTING CONTRACTS SYNTHESIS OF THE MEETING OF 30 APRIL 2014 On 30 April 2014, the Expert Group on Cloud Computing Contracts met for the sixth time. Three sessions were

More information

International Product Liability Review

International Product Liability Review International Product Liability Review Issue 50 Contents Overview 1 Feature Reform of EU product 2 safety laws: important changes on the horizon for those involved in the product supply chain Europe EU

More information

COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL AND THE NATIONAL PARLIAMENTS

COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL AND THE NATIONAL PARLIAMENTS EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, 20.7.2016 COM(2016) 505 final COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL AND THE NATIONAL PARLIAMENTS on the proposal for a Directive amending

More information

CMS Guide to Employment. CMS_LawTax_CMYK_28-100.eps. Issues in an M & A Transaction

CMS Guide to Employment. CMS_LawTax_CMYK_28-100.eps. Issues in an M & A Transaction CMS Guide to Employment CMS_LawTax_CMYK_28-100.eps Issues in an M & A Transaction July 2014 CMS Guide to Employment Issues in an M & A Transaction Index Introduction 4 Austria 6 Belgium 10 Bulgaria 16

More information

Patents in Europe 2013/2014

Patents in Europe 2013/2014 In association with Unitary patent and Unified Patent Court: the proposed framework Rainer K Kuhnen Patents in Europe 2013/2014 Helping business compete in the global economy Unitary patent and Unified

More information

Proposal for a COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) implementing enhanced cooperation in the area of the law applicable to divorce and legal separation

Proposal for a COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) implementing enhanced cooperation in the area of the law applicable to divorce and legal separation EUROPEAN COMMISSION Proposal for a Brussels, 24.3.2010 COM(2010) 105 final 2010/0067 (CNS) C7-0315/10 COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) implementing enhanced cooperation in the area of the law applicable to divorce

More information

COMMISSION RECOMMENDATION. of 12.3.2014. on a new approach to business failure and insolvency. (Text with EEA relevance) {SWD(2014) 61} {SWD(2014) 62}

COMMISSION RECOMMENDATION. of 12.3.2014. on a new approach to business failure and insolvency. (Text with EEA relevance) {SWD(2014) 61} {SWD(2014) 62} EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, 12.3.2014 C(2014) 1500 final COMMISSION RECOMMENDATION of 12.3.2014 on a new approach to business failure and insolvency (Text with EEA relevance) {SWD(2014) 61} {SWD(2014)

More information

Association of the Councils of State and Supreme Administrative Jurisdictions of the EU

Association of the Councils of State and Supreme Administrative Jurisdictions of the EU Association of the Councils of State and Supreme Administrative Jurisdictions of the EU (ACA-Europe) Information provided by the ACA-Europe July, 2014 A. General information Name of network Association

More information

Response to the European Commission s consultation on the legal framework for the fundamental right to protection of personal data

Response to the European Commission s consultation on the legal framework for the fundamental right to protection of personal data Stockholm: Göteborg: Malmö: 105 24 Stockholm Box 57 Box 4221 Fax 08 640 94 02 401 20 Göteborg 203 13 Malmö Plusgiro: 12 41-9 Org. Nr: 556134-1248 www.intrum.se Bankgiro: 730-4124 info@se.intrum.com Response

More information

55 Amendment of section 1 (interpretation) of the VAT Act 1972

55 Amendment of section 1 (interpretation) of the VAT Act 1972 54 Interpretation (Part 3) This section contains definitions of the legal citations used in Part 3. This is a conventional provision in Finance Acts. It allows abbreviated terms to be used in reference

More information

Legal Implications of Defective Hip Implants. Carolien van Weering and Antoinette Collignon 1. Introduction

Legal Implications of Defective Hip Implants. Carolien van Weering and Antoinette Collignon 1. Introduction Legal Implications of Defective Hip Implants Carolien van Weering and Antoinette Collignon 1 Introduction Over the past years the media have reported repeatedly on defective prostheses such as DePuy replacement

More information

QUESTIONNAIRE ON CONTRACT RULES FOR ONLINE PURCHASES OF DIGITAL CONTENT AND TANGIBLE GOODS

QUESTIONNAIRE ON CONTRACT RULES FOR ONLINE PURCHASES OF DIGITAL CONTENT AND TANGIBLE GOODS QUESTIONNAIRE ON CONTRACT RULES FOR ONLINE PURCHASES OF DIGITAL CONTENT AND TANGIBLE GOODS Information about the respondent 1. Please enter your full name OR the name of the organisation / company / institution

More information

Ad-Hoc Query on residence permits cards and stickers. Requested by SE EMN NCP on 9 th April Compilation produced on 2 nd June 2014

Ad-Hoc Query on residence permits cards and stickers. Requested by SE EMN NCP on 9 th April Compilation produced on 2 nd June 2014 Ad-Hoc Query on residence permits cards and stickers Requested by SE EMN NCP on 9 th April 2014 Compilation produced on 2 nd June 2014 Responses from Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia,

More information

ROAD ACCIDENT FUND (TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS) BILL

ROAD ACCIDENT FUND (TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS) BILL REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA ROAD ACCIDENT FUND (TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS) BILL (As amended by the Portfolio Committee on Transport (National Assembly)) (The English text is the offıcial text of the Bill) (MINISTER

More information

THE EUROPEAN EMERGENCY NUMBER 112

THE EUROPEAN EMERGENCY NUMBER 112 THE EUROPEAN EMERGENCY NUMBER 112 Georgiana MARIN, Dragos-Paul POP Romanian-American Univeristy, Faculty of Computer Science for Business Management georgiana.maryn@gmail.com, froind@gmail.com Keywords:

More information

COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION. Brussels, 2 May 2011 9564/11. Interinstitutional File: 2010/0210 (COD)

COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION. Brussels, 2 May 2011 9564/11. Interinstitutional File: 2010/0210 (COD) COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION Brussels, 2 May 2011 Interinstitutional File: 2010/0210 (COD) 9564/11 SOC 372 MIGR 99 CODEC 714 DRS 64 WTO 187 SERVICES 66 NOTE from: Council General Secretariat to: Delegations

More information

An Optional Common European Sales Law: Advantages and Problems Advice to the UK Government

An Optional Common European Sales Law: Advantages and Problems Advice to the UK Government An Optional Common European Sales Law: Advantages and Problems Advice to the UK Government November 2011 AN OPTIONAL COMMON EUROPEAN SALES LAW: ADVANTAGES AND PROBLEMS Advice to the UK Government from

More information

ROAD ACCIDENT FUND (TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS) BILL

ROAD ACCIDENT FUND (TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS) BILL REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA ROAD ACCIDENT FUND (TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS) BILL (As amended by the Portfolio Committee on Transport (National Assembly)) (The English text is the offıcial text of the Bill) (MINISTER

More information

Parking card for people with disabilities in the European Union:

Parking card for people with disabilities in the European Union: Parking card for people with disabilities in the European Union: conditions in the Member States European Commission Put the freestanding folder at the window next to your parking card so that language(s)

More information

Product Guarantees and Product Liability Survey 2011: The Baltics And Poland. Latvia Lithuania Estonia Poland

Product Guarantees and Product Liability Survey 2011: The Baltics And Poland. Latvia Lithuania Estonia Poland Achieving aims Profit from potential Reducing risks With the local experts: bnt Product Guarantees and Product Liability Survey 2011: The Baltics And Poland Latvia Lithuania Estonia Poland Table of Contents

More information

Drink Driving in Europe

Drink Driving in Europe Safe & Sober: Reducing deaths and injuries from drink driving Copenhagen, 27 January 2010 Drink Driving in Europe Vojtech EKSLER Policy analyst Introduction to ETSC A science-based approach to road safety

More information

Car tax refund on export

Car tax refund on export Car tax customer bulletin 13 Car tax refund on export www.tulli.fi 1 January 2015 Replaces the bulletin from August 2014 Car tax refund on export This bulletin applies to getting refund on export if a

More information

REMEDIES AND SANCTIONS IN (SEX) DISCRIMINATION CASES

REMEDIES AND SANCTIONS IN (SEX) DISCRIMINATION CASES This training session is commissioned under the European Union s Programme for Employment and Social Solidarity PROGRESS (2007-2013). REMEDIES AND SANCTIONS IN (SEX) DISCRIMINATION CASES ERA/ EU GENDER

More information

Change in the methodology for anti-dumping investigationsconcerning China

Change in the methodology for anti-dumping investigationsconcerning China SUBJECT: Information note on China MES ORIGIN: Commission DG Trade TRADE H Trade defence and H.1 Leopoldo RUBINACCI Director Tel.: 0229 90303 Leopoldo.Rubinacci@ec.europa.eu Wolfgang MUELLER Head of Unit

More information

Drink driving in Europe

Drink driving in Europe Athens 25 th of November 2009 Drink driving in Europe Antonio Avenoso Introduction to ETSC A science-based approach to road safety policy Bringing together 42 organisations from across Europe to promote

More information

Global Guide to Competition Litigation Poland

Global Guide to Competition Litigation Poland Global Guide to Competition Litigation Poland 2012 Table of Contents Availability of private enforcement in respect of competition law infringements and jurisdiction... 1 Conduct of proceedings and costs...

More information

COMMISSION RECOMMENDATION. of 7.3.2014. on strengthening the principle of equal pay between men and women through transparency

COMMISSION RECOMMENDATION. of 7.3.2014. on strengthening the principle of equal pay between men and women through transparency EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, 7.3.2014 C(2014) 1405 final COMMISSION RECOMMENDATION of 7.3.2014 on strengthening the principle of equal pay between men and women through transparency (Text with EEA relevance)

More information

Hungarian comments on the Green Paper on Mortgage Credit in the EU, COM(2005) 327 final

Hungarian comments on the Green Paper on Mortgage Credit in the EU, COM(2005) 327 final Hungarian comments on the Green Paper on Mortgage Credit in the EU, COM(2005) 327 final The Hungarian Ministry of Finance and the Hungarian Ministry of Justice are convinced that the mortgage credit market

More information

Homeopathic and anthroposophic medicinal products. A thriving European tradition

Homeopathic and anthroposophic medicinal products. A thriving European tradition Homeopathic and anthroposophic medicinal products A thriving European tradition A THRIVING EUROPEAN TRADITION Sales of homeopathic and anthroposophic medicinal products per inhabitant (in relation to GDP

More information

BUSINESS-TO-BUSINESS ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION IN THE EU

BUSINESS-TO-BUSINESS ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION IN THE EU Flash Eurobarometer BUSINESS-TO-BUSINESS ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION IN THE EU REPORT Fieldwork: March-April 22 Publication: November 22 This survey has been requested by Directorate-General for Justice

More information

United Kingdom signs up to the 1996 Hague Child Protection Convention: What Family Lawyers Need to Know

United Kingdom signs up to the 1996 Hague Child Protection Convention: What Family Lawyers Need to Know United Kingdom signs up to the 1996 Hague Child Protection Convention: What Family Lawyers Need to Know David Truex Barrister and Solicitor (Australia) Solicitor (England and Wales) Taylor Hampton Solicitors

More information

Organisation: Liverpool European Law Unit, School of Law and Social Justice, University of Liverpool

Organisation: Liverpool European Law Unit, School of Law and Social Justice, University of Liverpool Name: Dr Ruth Lamont Organisation: Liverpool European Law Unit, School of Law and Social Justice, University of Liverpool Response to the Call for Evidence: Civil Judicial Cooperation The comments in this

More information

The European Entrepreneur Exchange Programme

The European Entrepreneur Exchange Programme The European Entrepreneur Exchange Programme Users Guide 2 Contents 1.0 Introduction... 5 2.0 Objectives... 6 3.0 Structure... 7 3.1 Basic elements... 7 3.2 Four phases... 8 4.0 Implementation... 9 4.1

More information

STATE OF PLAY AND OUTLOOK FOR CROSS-BORDER TRADE IN INSURANCE. RELEVANCE AND IMPACTS OF DIFFERENCES IN INSURANCE CONTRACT LAW

STATE OF PLAY AND OUTLOOK FOR CROSS-BORDER TRADE IN INSURANCE. RELEVANCE AND IMPACTS OF DIFFERENCES IN INSURANCE CONTRACT LAW Expert Group on European Insurance Contract Law First Meeting Minutes Brussels, 17 th -18 th April 2013 On 17 April 2013, the Expert Group on European Insurance Law met for the first time. The meeting

More information