1 Consultation on careers guidance for schools, sixth form colleges and further education institutions Consultation Response Form The closing date is: 1 August 2012 Your comments must reach us by that date.
2 Information provided in response to this consultation, including personal information, may be subject to publication or disclosure in accordance with the access to information regimes, primarily the Freedom of Information Act 2000 and the Data Protection Act If you want all, or any part, of your response to be treated as confidential, please explain why you consider it to be confidential. If a request for disclosure of the information you have provided is received, your explanation about why you consider it to be confidential will be taken into account, but no assurance can be given that confidentiality can be maintained. An automatic confidentiality disclaimer generated by your IT system will not, of itself, be regarded as binding on the Department. The Department will process your personal data (name and address and any other identifying material) in accordance with the Data Protection Act 1998, and in the majority of circumstances, this will mean that your personal data will not be disclosed to third parties. Please tick if you want us to keep your response confidential. Reason for confidentiality: Name Ian Green Organisation (if applicable) YMCA England Address: YMCA England 2nd Floor Farringdon Road London EC1M3JF If you have a query relating to the policy content or consultation process you can contact the DfE National Helpline on: or via the Department's 'Contact us' page or by ing: If you have a query relating to the consultation process you can contact the Consultation Unit on: Telephone:
3 Please choose one of the following options to best describe you as a respondent. Other Please Specify: Chief Executive of a national youth charity.
4 1 Should we extend the new duty on schools to secure independent, impartial careers guidance for their pupils, downwards to Year 8 (age 12-13), from September 2013? Yes Comments: The role that careers guidance has played in helping young people s career choices has been significantly undervalued for a long time. The current statutory requirement states that Local Authorities must provide careers guidance for school years (14-16 year olds). In order for careers guidance to be most effective it should not be limited to these three years but should be expanded to include those in years 8 and 9 (12-14 year olds). Allowing for this guidance to take place over the whole five years will give young people a more holistic approach when learning about their personal development choices and one which can be made over a longer time period. No one approach will be able to reach all young people, across all age groups; therefore it is important to use multiple approaches to engaging young people in careers guidance. If the introduction of careers guidance is made at an earlier age it will help to ensure that young people will have a longer exposure to a different variety of methods to engage themselves in careers guidance. The longer they are engaged with careers guidance the more opportunities they will have to benefit from its knowledge. Young people will not necessarily all experience the value of careers guidance at the same time and it will depend on their own stage of development. As such a careers guidance service which is available throughout young people s development at school is the most effective way to ensure the guidance is successful overall. The benefit of the duty on schools to secure independent, impartial careers guidance is that students feel significantly more confident about information advice and guidance when schools are involved in the process 1. The extension of independent and impartial advice to the age groups would allow for young people to feel more confident about the careers guidance they receive and from an earlier age. This confidence and support would grow throughout young people s engagements at school with careers guidance. 1 How do young people make choices at 14 and 16?, DfES, Blenkinsop, S, et al (2006) The How do young people make choices at 14 and 16? report also found that young people did not make the link between careers guidance and the personal decisions they were making quickly enough. One way to resolve this problem is to start young people s engagements with careers guidance at a younger age. This would enable the link to be engrained into the decision making processes of young people before important career/educational choices have to be taken.
5 The decisions made on what course options to study at school will determine the choices available at college or sixth form for young people. Similarly this relationship continues for choices made in further education affecting higher education possibilities. For some young people choosing the wrong choice at the beginning of their journey can hamper their aspirations later down the line. This is particularly true in the case of STEM subjects (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) where only studying particular A-levels will allow you onto these courses in higher education, which are required for particular jobs. If careers guidance is delivered at a younger age, it will allow for the full scope of options available to be explored by young people and for them to be able to see the direction in which particular pathways will take them. With a growing number of young people unemployed, not just in the UK but across Europe, it is important that young people are being prepared for the realities of work from an earlier age. The current careers information advice and guidance model has not been equipping young people with the knowledge they need before they reach the job market. The introduction of earlier careers guidance allows young people to appropriately prepare for the job market over a longer period of time. If all proposed extensions from this consultation are accepted the careers guidance which is delivered to young people will potentially span eight years of their lives from ages Over this period the way young people interact and absorb information will change significantly depending on their age and as such so should the method in which the careers guidance is communicated and delivered to them. The careers guidance needs to adapt to the most appropriate format for the age and type of young person it is being delivered to if its success is to be maximised. 2 Should we extend the new duty to secure independent, impartial careers guidance, upwards to young people aged in schools, sixth form colleges and further education institutions, from September 2013? Please Note: If the consultation supports the extension of the new duty to in schools, sixth form colleges and further education institutions, the Government will consider extending to other provision including Work-Based Education and Training. However this is out of scope for this consultation. Yes
6 Comments: The current upper age for careers guidance to be given to young people is 16 years old. One of the reasons this age limit was originally established is because it is the current age at which young people will leave secondary school education. As the participation age is to be extended to 17 in 2013 and 18 in 2015, careers guidance should also be extended to reflect this move. Research conducted by Edge in 2011 shows that 67% of academically-able young people in Key Stage 4 found it either quite or very difficult to make choices about what they will do the following year. 2 Young people should have access to careers guidance both before and during the decision making processes which affect their futures, but most importantly, immediately before many leave their educational lives for the workplace. 2 The Impact of practical and vocational learning on academically-able young people aged 11-16; Edge Foundation; Richardson, W. Sing, S. (2011) The current job market is in fluctuation and there is no evidence to suggest that this will change in the near future. As young people leave to go into the world of work there should be provision for them to be able to access careers guidance which will be able to help them adapt or change pathways to a job market which is asking for different skill requirements at different times. When asked whether they were given as much information about vocational options as about University, 76% of those surveyed said they were either given less or weren t given any information at all, in a survey conducted in March A-Level Students Research March 2012; Edge Foundation. (2012) There is significant pressure on young people to decide what they want to do with their lives/careers from a young age, however many of them will not have decided on what career or educational direction they want to pursue. Through an extension of the age at which careers guidance is given it allows for those young people who have not yet chosen their path to still gain the appropriate advice at a later stage. The support delivered through careers guidance should be designed to reach all young people. However those young people from a disadvantaged background are less likely to receive any informal careers guidance from their family or social networks. 4 As such the discussion on careers guidance being introduced at an earlier age, and extended to include those aged 16-19, is welcomed by YMCA in order to give young people from all backgrounds an increased opportunity to access this specialised and much needed service. 4 Opening Doors, Breaking Barriers: A Strategy for Social Mobility; HM Government (2011) Young people s personalities, interests and aspirations may change as they mature and if the careers guidance is limited to just those aged then it could potentially miss a vital period of development for young
7 people through their late teenage years. Careers guidance given in these early years (14-16) may no longer be appropriate when they reach years old, thus raising the age level may help young people who have changed what they want to do with their lives/careers and still require access to expert advice. 3 What issues, if any, would arise for your institution from the requirement to provide access to independent careers guidance? Comments: N/A 4 Any other comments? Comments: The need for accurate and up-to-date local information could not be more important when discussing careers guidance. Given the inability of young people to be able to move around the country to find work, there must be an emphasis on what is available in the local job market. This may be more difficult when delivering careers guidance to a younger age group but must be more significant in the years directly before entering the work place. Without relevant knowledge of what is available locally, young people may face barriers into work immediately when leaving education and training if the jobs are not available. The responsibility to deliver careers guidance to young people should not just be delivered through schools alone; there is a role to play for everyone who impacts on a young person s life. In order to support a holistic approach to careers guidance there needs to be more support for parents/carers in particular to be able to offer careers guidance where and when they feel it is appropriate. Access to information should be made available to parents/carers including adequate resources in order for them to play their part in shaping the decisions around a young person s future. Schools have specific targets that they have to meet in regards to how
8 many young people progress to study in further education but impartiality must be the key when involving schools in the process of ensuring careers guidance is delivered to young people. The survey by ResearchBods in 2012 also found that 77% of A-level students said they were discouraged from studying a vocational qualification and 57% said they were presented as qualifications for someone less academic than me. 3 An impartial, balanced and range of options should be presented to young people so they are able to make an informed decision about what they want to do with their careers and educational futures. Although previously mentioned careers guidance should be accessible across all media platforms which reflect the digital competencies of the young people receiving it. The resources and information available should be adaptable and accessible for all ages when it is appropriate. This allows for young people to have a greater opportunity to access the information in a format that they are comfortable with. Young people will often only be exposed to certain types of workplaces which feature around them when growing up. The involvement of careers guidance to showcase different varieties of working environments is essential in order to foster ambitions within young people. In a survey by Girlguiding UK, the top career choice among girls aged 7 to 16 was to be a hairdresser or beautician. When asked why this was the case 35% of girls said one of the reasons was It s all girls know about. 5 Local employers should regularly be brought in and incorporated into the careers guidance programme in order to show young people the different options which are available to them. 5 Girls Attitudes Survey 2011, Girlguiding UK, 2011
9 Thank you for taking the time to let us have your views. We do not intend to acknowledge individual responses unless you place an 'X' in the box below. Please acknowledge this reply X Here at the Department for Education we carry out our research on many different topics and consultations. As your views are valuable to us, would it be alright if we were to contact you again from time to time either for research or to send through consultation documents? Yes All DfE public consultations are required to conform to the following criteria within the Government Code of Practice on Consultation: Criterion 1: Formal consultation should take place at a stage when there is scope to influence the policy outcome. Criterion 2: Consultations should normally last for at least 12 weeks with consideration given to longer timescales where feasible and sensible. Criterion 3: Consultation documents should be clear about the consultation process, what is being proposed, the scope to influence and the expected costs and benefits of the proposals. Criterion 4: Consultation exercises should be designed to be accessible to, and clearly targeted at, those people the exercise is intended to reach. Criterion 5: Keeping the burden of consultation to a minimum is essential if consultations are to be effective and if consultees buy-in to the process is to be obtained. Criterion 6: Consultation responses should be analysed carefully and clear feedback should be provided to participants following the consultation. Criterion 7: Officials running consultations should seek guidance in how to run an effective consultation exercise and share what they have learned from the experience. If you have any comments on how DfE consultations are conducted, please contact Carole Edge, DfE Consultation Co-ordinator, tel: / Thank you for taking time to respond to this consultation.
10 Completed questionnaires and other responses should be sent to the address shown below by 1 August 2012 Send by post to: Public Communications Unit, Area 1C, Castle View House, East Lane, Runcorn, Cheshire, WA7 2GJ Send by to:
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