1 The Family Environment and Adolescent Well-being: Exposure to Positive and Negative Family Influences Dena Aufseeser, Susan Jekielek, and Brett Brown June 6 Highlights Over three-quarters of all parents report very close relationships with their adolescent children. Many 15-year-olds report difficulty talking with their mothers and fathers about things that really bother them. Adolescents who live with two parents are more likely to have parents who know their whereabouts after school. Hispanic parents are less likely than white and black parents to know who most of their adolescent s friends are. Foreign-born adolescents are more likely than their native-born peers to eat meals with their family. Adolescents with better-educated parents are less likely to be exposed to smoking and heavy drinking by their parents. Adolescents whose parents exercise are less likely to be sedentary themselves. Introduction By action and by example, parents shape the lives of their children from birth through adulthood. In adolescence, the influence of friends and peers take on greater importance, but research clearly demonstrates the continued significance of parents in shaping the behaviors and choices of teens as they face the challenges of growing up. 1 Close parent/adolescent relationships, good parenting skills, shared family activities and positive parent role modeling all have well-documented effects on adolescent health and development. 2,3,4 These are also areas where parents can make choices to make positive changes for their children, and where social policy can help support parents in taking such steps. In this brief, we report data on teens experiences in their families with a particular focus on differences across social groups. Our purpose is to identify where disparities exist and where needs for intervention are greatest. a We end with a brief discussion on the implications for parenting and for policy. a One should not interpret the reported differences across the sociodemographic subgroups as implying a causal relationship, as causality cannot be determined from such simple bivariate relationships.
2 The Family Environment and Adolescent Well-Being PAGE 2 PARENT-ADOLESCENT CLOSENESS AND COMMUNICATION Close relationships, healthy open communication, and perceived parental support are especially important during adolescence, as children experience many physical and emotional changes. For example, research shows teens who have positive relationships with their parents are less likely to engage in various risk behaviors, including smoking, fighting, 5 and drinking. 6 They are also less likely to report symptoms of depression and more likely to report high levels of perceived well-being. 7 Adolescents who report difficulty talking with their parents are more likely to drink alcohol frequently, have problems with binge drinking, smoke, and feel unhappy (especially girls). 8,9 Over three-quarters of all parents report very close relationships with their adolescent children. 1 Figure 1: age of Adolescents Ages 12 to 17 Who Are Very Close with Their Parents, as Reported by the Parent, to to 17 Two biological/adoptive parents Child's age One biological/one stepparent Family Structure Single mother Figure 1: age of Adolescents Ages 12 to 17 Who Are Very Close with Their Parents, as Most parents report having very close relationships with their adolescents, though there are some differences 1 Reported by the Parent, 3 by type of family and the age of the child. 1 In 3, over three-quarters of parents (generally mothers) reported having very close relationships with their adolescents ages 12 to 17 (79%). 82 Reported closeness was lowest in 82families where there was a step-parent present: 872% among adolescents living with one biological parent and one stepparent, followed by 78% for those living with single mothers, and 82% for those 72 living with two biological 7parents (See Figure 1). Reported closeness was slightly lower for parents with older children (82% for children ages 12 to 14 compared with 76% for those ages 15 to 17) to to 17 Two biological/adoptive One biological/one Single mother
3 The Family Environment and Adolescent Well-Being PAGE 3 Many 15-year-olds report difficulty talking with their mothers and fathers about things that really bother them. 1 Figure 2: of 15-Year Olds Who Found it Very Difficult or Difficult to Talk with their Parents about Things Really Bothering Them, Male Female Difficult or very difficult to talk with mother Difficult or very difficult to talk with father Data from 1998 indicate that 32% of 15-year-olds reported having difficulty talking with their mothers about things that really bother them. 11 Parent-child communication problems are even more common with fathers, where 53% of females and 42% of males reporting that it is difficult or very difficult for them to discuss issues that really bother them with their fathers (See Figure 2). 12 While general communication is very important, parents can also help prevent certain risk behaviors by specifically taking steps to discuss these behaviors with their adolescents. For example, 14- and 15-year-old girls whose mothers clearly expressed strong disapproval for their adolescent daughters having sex were about half as likely as daughters whose mothers expressed less disapproval to engage in early sexual intercourse or other risky sexual behaviors. 13 Eighty-seven percent of female adolescents mothers and 84% of male adolescents mothers reported strongly disapproving of their adolescents having sex (See Table 1). 12 Table 1 Maternal communication with their 14- and 15-year-old children about sex, Mothers (%) Males Females Disapprove of adolescent having sex Strongly agree Agree Neither agree nor disagree Disagree.1.2 Strongly disagree.4 1.3
4 The Family Environment and Adolescent Well-Being PAGE 4 PARENTAL MONITORING Parental monitoring includes knowing children s whereabouts after school, as well as knowing children s friends and activities. These behaviors, when combined with parental support, have been shown to be positively related to higher adolescent self-esteem, higher GPAs in school, and greater academic success. 14,15 In addition, parental monitoring has been associated with fewer internalizing behaviors, such as withdrawal and depression, and externalizing behavior problems, such as fighting and disturbing others, 16,17,18 as well as a lower likelihood of drinking, 19, smoking, and engaging in other risky behaviors. 21 Adolescents who live with two parents are more likely to have parents who know their whereabouts after school. 1 Figure 3: age of Tenth Graders Who Report That Their Parents Know Where They Are After School Most or All of the Time, White Black One parent Two parents Race Family Structure Most adolescents report that their parents know where they are after school. In 4, 88% of tenth graders reported that they believe their parents know where they are after school most or all of the time. ages were similar among eighth graders. Reported levels of parental awareness differed somewhat by race and family structure (See Figure 3). Among tenth graders in 4, white students were more likely than black students to report that their parents knew where they were after school most or all of the time (% versus 83% respectively). Students who lived with two parents were more likely than those in single parent families to report that their parents knew where they were after school most or all of the time. 22
5 The Family Environment and Adolescent Well-Being PAGE 5 Hispanic parents are less likely than white and black parents to know who most of their adolescent s friends are. 1 Figure 4: age of Parents Who Know Most of Their Child's Friends, Hispanic Non-Hispanic black Non-Hispanic white Less than high school Completed high school More than high school Race/Ethnicity Parental Education In 3, 8% of parents of adolescents ages 12 to 17 reported knowing all or most of their children s friends. Differences by parental education levels, race/ethnicity, and family structure are quite large. Eighty-six percent of children whose parents had more than a high school education had parents who reported knowing most or all of their children s friends, compared with only 55% of children whose parents had not completed high school (See Figure 4). 23 Non-Hispanic white children were more likely than other children to have parents who knew most of their friends. In 3, 88% of non-hispanic white adolescents ages 12 to 17 had parents who knew most or all of their friends, compared with 73% of non-hispanic black adolescents and 66% of Hispanic adolescents (See Figure 4). 23 Similarly, children living with two biological parents were more likely than children living with single mothers to have a parent who knew most or all of their friends (84% versus 76%, respectively). 24 EATING MEALS TOGETHER Family meals serve as an important time for adolescents to communicate with and spend time with their parents, and have been associated with less substance use, delinquency, depressive symptoms, and suicide attempts, and with better grades and academic performance. 25,26 Adolescents who eat meals regularly with their parents are also more likely to eat fruits, vegetables, and dairy foods and less likely to skip breakfast. 27 More frequent family meals, a more structured family meal environment, and a positive atmosphere at family meals are associated with a lower likelihood of disordered eating. 28
6 The Family Environment and Adolescent Well-Being PAGE 6 Foreign-born adolescents are more likely than their native-born peers to eat meals with their family. 1 Figure 5: age of Adolescents Eating Meals with Their Families Six to Seven Days a Week, Non-Hispanic white Non-Hispanic black Race/ Ethnicity Hispanic Foreign-born Native born w/foreign born parent Immigrant Status Native born w/native born parents In 3, 42% of adolescents ages 12 to 17 ate meals with their family six to seven days a week. Certain subgroups are much more likely than others to eat meals together as a family. Hispanic adolescents are much more likely than non-hispanic white and black adolescents to eat meals together with their family. In 3, 54% of Hispanic children ages 12 to 17 ate meals as a family six to seven days a week, compared with only about 39% of non-hispanic white and black adolescents of the same age. Similarly, foreign-born adolescents are much more likely than native-born adolescents to eat meals together as a family (62% versus %, respectively, in 3) (See Figure 5). 29 PARENTAL HEALTH BEHAVIORS Parents health-related behaviors can affect adolescent well-being in several ways including providing positive (or negative) role models and by contributing to healthy or unhealthy physical and social environments. Parental habits can also shape adolescent health behaviors by increasing easy access to cigarettes or alcohol in the home, or, on the positive side, increasing access to healthy foods. Smoking. Children who live with someone who smokes are likely to inhale secondhand smoke, which increases their risk of developing health problems such as pneumonia, bronchitis, and other lung diseases, as well as increased asthma attacks and ear infections. 3 In addition, living in a family with smokers places adolescents at a higher risk of developing the habit themselves, further increasing their chances of developing serious health problems. 31 In 4, parent report data indicate that about one fifth (21%) of all parents of adolescents ages 12 to 17 smoked. 32
7 The Family Environment and Adolescent Well-Being PAGE 7 Adolescents with better-educated parents are less likely to be exposed to smoking and heavy drinking by their parents. 1 Figure 6: age of Parents (of Adolescents Ages 12 to 17) Who Smoke, by Parental Education Level, Less than high school High school Some college Bachelor's degree or more The likelihood of adolescent exposure to parental smoking differs substantially by the educational level of the parent. Among parents with at least a bachelor s degree, eight percent smoked, compared with 3% among parents with adolescents with less than a high school degree (See Figure 6). 33 Alcohol. Children who can easily access alcohol or who have alcoholic parents have a greater risk of developing their own problems with alcohol abuse, although other factors such as one s peers also play a large role in determining whether an adolescent will abuse alcohol. 34 For example, access to alcohol in the home is linked to teen drinking and being drunk at school. 35 In addition, parental alcohol abuse has consequences for other family experiences including increased family violence 36 and decreased levels of parent monitoring. 37 In 4, based on parent reports, six percent of fathers and one percent of mothers of adolescents drank heavily, defined as having five or more drinks in a row at least once a week. Hispanic fathers were more likely to report drinking heavily (nine percent compared with six percent of non-hispanic white fathers and three percent of non-hispanic black fathers). Parental drinking patterns also differed by parental education levels. In 4, 11% of fathers with less than a high school degree drank heavily at least once a week, compared with two percent of fathers who had at least a bachelor s degree (See Table 2).
8 The Family Environment and Adolescent Well-Being PAGE 8 Table 2 age of Parents (of Adolescents) who Drank Heavily at least Once per Week in the Past Year, 4 38 Fathers Mothers Total Race/Ethnicity Non-Hispanic white Non-Hispanic black Hispanic Parental Education Less than high school High school Some college Bachelor's degree or more Adolescents whose parents exercise are less likely to be sedentary themselves. Figure 7: age of Adolescents Ages 12 to 17 who Exercise Zero, One to 1 8 Five, and Six to Seven Times a Week, by Parental Exercise Patterns, 3 37 times a week 1 to 5 times a week 6 to 7 times a week Parent did not exercise heavily in last month Parent did exercise heavily in last month Parental Exercise Exercise. Adolescents whose parents exercise are themselves more likely to do so. In 3, according to parent-report data, adolescents with a parent who reported exercising heavily (so that they sweated) in the last month were more likely than adolescents without a parent who reported exercising heavily to themselves exercise six to seven times a week (28% versus 21%, respectively) (See Figure 7). 39
9 The Family Environment and Adolescent Well-Being PAGE 9 Nearly three-quarters (72%) of adolescents have a parent who reported exercising heavily in the last month. Parents with higher levels of education are more likely to report exercising heavily. In 3, 77% of adolescents with a parent who had more than a high school degree reported exercising heavily in the last month, compared with 54% of adolescents whose parents had less than a high school degree. Adolescents living with two parents are also more likely than adolescents living with single mothers to have a parent who exercises heavily (79% compared with 54%, respectively) (See Table 3). Table 3 age of Adolescents with at least One Parent who Exercises, 3 41 Total 72.1 Race/Ethnicity Non-Hispanic white 76.9 Non-Hispanic black 63.7 Hispanic 62.2 Parental Education Less than high school 53.7 High school 65.7 More than high school 76.6 Family Structure Two biological/adoptive parents 79.5 Two stepparent family 78.8 Single mother 54. Poverty Level Less than 1% of poverty level % to % of the poverty level 65.3 %+ of the poverty level 79.2 Conclusion The family environment can be a strong source of support for developing adolescents, providing close relationships, strong parenting skills, good communication, and modeling positive behaviors. It can also be a problematic environment when those supports are lacking, or when negative adult behaviors like smoking and heavy drinking are present. Where adolescent health is concerned, clearly the family matters, and parents matter. Fortunately, the evidence indicates that most adolescents enjoy healthy family environments, with large majorities reporting the capacity to talk with mothers about things that really bother them (68%), parents who know who their child s friends are (8%), know where their child is after school (88%), and who do not smoke (79%) or drink heavily (well over %), and who report very close relationships with their adolescents (79%).
10 The Family Environment and Adolescent Well-Being PAGE 1 It is also clear, however, that not everyone is so fortunate, and that there are sometimes large disparities across groups. For those parents who need help in developing a more positive family environment, there are proven programs that can help. For example, certain programs aimed at helping parents set appropriate limits, increase communication, and improve the quality of their relationships have been shown to be effective and consequently positively influence adolescent social development. 42 As part of a program that showed promising results (the Iowa Strengthening Families Program), parents were taught behaviors such as appropriate limit-setting, encouraging good behavior, communication skills, and how to access community resources. Adolescents attended workshops on goal-setting, appreciating parents, and how to deal with peer pressure and stress. Together, parents and adolescents met to discuss conflict resolution and family values. 43 Following the completion of the program, parents reported closer, stronger relationships with their adolescents that continued to improve over time. Other successful programs specifically target conflict and problem solving skills. Research has also shown that parents who tailor their relationship to accommodate changes in adolescents development over time can improve the quality of that relationship. 44 In addition to improving communication, monitoring levels, and the quality of parent-child adolescent relationships, programs that promote healthy behaviors for all family members show promising potential for reducing negative adolescent health behaviors. While only limited research has been done, one program that taught both parents and children the importance of regular exercise and healthy diets, as well as behavior management, led to lower levels of obesity and weight gain than programs which just targeted children. 45 By promoting clear messages of the importance of healthy behaviors, parents can reduce the likelihood of their adolescents engaging in risky behaviors. By targeting those families with adolescents most at-risk for negative health behaviors, and focusing on improving the specific parenting skills and behaviors that seem to be beneficial, policy makers and educators can take preventative actions and teach and build positive behaviors before serious health consequences are experienced. References 1. Borkowsky, J., Ramey, S., & Bristol-Power, M. (Eds.). (2). Parenting and the child s world: Influences on academic, intellectual, and social-emotional development. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum as cited in Hair, E., Moore, K., Garrett, S., Kinukawa, A., Lippman, L. & Michelson, E. (5). The parent-adolescent relationship scale. In K. Moore & L. Lippman (Eds.) What do children need to flourish (pp ). New York: Springer Science. 2. Hair, E., Moore, K., Garrett, S., Kinukawa, A., Lippman, L. & Michelson, E. (5). The parentadolescent relationship scale. In K. Moore & L. Lippman (Eds.) What do children need to flourish (pp ). New York: Springer Science. 3. Parker, J., & Benson, M. (4). Parent-adolescent relations and adolescent functioning: Self-esteem, substance abuse, and delinquency. Adolescence, 39(155): Resnick, M., Ireland, M. & Borowsky, I. (4). Youth violence perpetration: What protects? What predicts? Findings from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Journal of Adolescent Health, 35(5): 424e1-424e1. 5. Resnick, M. Ireland, M. & Borowsky, I. (4). 6. Guilamo-Ramos, V., Jaccard, J., Turrisi, R., & Johansson, M. (5). Parental and school correlates of binge drinking among middle school students. American Journal of Public Health, 95(5): Hair, E., Moore, K., Garrett, S., Kinukawa, A., Lippman, L. & Michelson, E. (5).
11 The Family Environment and Adolescent Well-Being PAGE U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration. (3). U.S. Teens in Our World Rockville, Maryland: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.Available at: 9. Guilamo-Ramos, V., Jaccard, J., Turrisi, R., & Johansson, M. (5). 1. Child Trends analysis of data from the National Survey of Children's Health, These estimates were from the 1998 Health Behavior in School-Aged Children survey. In U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration. (3). U.S. Teens in Our World Rockville, Maryland: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Available at: McNeely, C., Sieving, R., & Blum, R. (2). Mothers influence on the timing of first sex among 14- and 15-year olds. Journal of Adolescent Health, 31, McNeely, C., Sieving, R., & Blum, R. (2). 14. Parker, J., & Benson, M. (4). 15. Mounts, N. (1). Young adolescents' perceptions of parental management of peer relationships. Journal of Early Adolescence, 21(1): Brody, G. H., V. M. Murry, et al. (2). Longitudinal pathways to competence and psychological adjustment among African American children living in rural single-parent households. Child Development 73: Barber, B. K., Olsen, J. E. et al. (1994). Associations between parental psychological and behavioral control and youth internalized and externalized behaviors. Child Development 65: Parker, J., & Benson, M. (4). 19. Guilamo-Ramos, V., Jaccard, J., Turrisi, R., & Johansson, M. (5).. Stephenson, M., Quick, B., & Atkinson, J. (5). Authoritative parenting and drug-prevention practices: Implications for antidrug ads for parents. Health Communication, 17(3): Mounts, N. (1). 22. Child Trends original analyses of data from Monitoring the Future, Child Trends original analyses of data from the National Survey of Children s Health, Child Trends original analyses of data from the National Survey of Children s Health, Eisenberg, M. E., Neumark-Sztainer, D., & Bearinger, L.H. (4). Correlations Between Family Meals and Psychological Well-being Among Adolescents. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 158(8). 26. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University. (3). The Importance of Family Dinners. Available at Neumark-Sztainer, D., Wall, M., Story, M., & Fulkerson, J. A. (4). Are Family Meal Patterns Associated with Disordered Eating Behaviors Among Adolescents? Journal of Adolescent Health, 35(5): Neumark-Sztainer, D., Wall, M., Story, M., & Fulkerson, J. A. (4). 29. Child Trends original analyses of data from the National Survey of Children s Health, "Secondhand Smoke and Children," a publication of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available online at As cited in Child Trends. Child Trends DataBank Indicator: Parental smoking. Retrieved August 25, 5 from URL: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (). Reducing Tobacco Use: A Report of the Surgeon General-Executive Summary. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health: As cited in Child Trends. Child Trends DataBank Indicator: Parental smoking. Retrieved August 25, 5 from URL: Child Trends original analyses of data from the National Health Interview Survey, Child Trends original analyses of data from the National Health Interview Survey, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism of the National Institutes for Health, "FAQ's on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism," Available online at As cited in Child Trends. Child Trends DataBank Indicator: Heavy drinking among parents. Retrieved August 24, 5 from URL: Resnick, M. Ireland, M. & Borowsky, I. (4).
12 The Family Environment and Adolescent Well-Being PAGE National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University, "No Safe Haven: Children of Substance-Abusing Parents" (1999), page 15. Available online at Johnson, J. L. & Leff, M. (1999). "Children of substance abusers: Overview of research findings." Pediatrics, 13(5 Supplement), As found in National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University, "Malignant Neglect: Substance Abuse and America's Schools," (1) page 3. Available online at Child Trends original analyses of data from the National Health Interview Survey, Child Trends original analyses of data from the National Survey of Children s Health, 3.. Child Trends original analyses of data from the National Survey of Children s Health, Child Trends original analyses of data from the National Survey of Children s Health, Hair, E., Jager, J., & Garrett, S. (1). Background for Community Level Work on Social Competency in Adolescence: Reviewing the Literature on Contributing Factors. Washington, DC: Child Trends. Available at: Hair, E., Jager, J., & Garrett, S. (1). 44. Hair, E., Jager, J., & Garrett, S. (1). 45. Hatcher, J. & Scarpa, J. (1). Background for Community Level Work on Physical Health and Safety in Adolescence: Reviewing the Literature on Contributing Factors. Washington, DC: Child Trends. Available at: Suggested Citation: Aufseeser D, Jekielek S, & Brown B. (6). The Family Environment and Adolescent Well-Being: Exposure to Positive and Negative Family Influences. Washington, D.C.: Child Trends; and San Francisco, CA: National Adolescent Health Information Center, University of California, San Francisco. The National Adolescent Health Information Center at the University of California, San Francisco and Child Trends are pleased to announce a new partnership. With support from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau, our two institutions are collaborating to create resources and provide assistance to improve the health of young people and their families. This brief is a product of our collaboration. This document was developed with support from the Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau, Office of Adolescent Health (MCHB-OAH) (U45 MC2).
Maternal and Child Health Issue Brief Why is substance abuse an issue among youth? December 14 8 Substance Abuse among Youth in Colorado Substance abuse among youth is defined as using alcohol, tobacco,
Do Family Meals Really Make a Difference? By Eliza Cook and Rachel Dunifon Your child may be 35% less likely to engage in disordered eating, 24% more likely to eat healthier foods and 12% less likely to
Participation in School Athletics Updated: The gender gap in school sports participation generally declined among eighth-, tenth-, and twelfth-grade students, from 1991 to 2004. However, since then, the
HIGH SCHOOL Students in high school demonstrate comprehensive health knowledge and skills. Their behaviors reflect a conceptual understanding of the issues associated with maintaining good personal health.
18 HEALTH STATUS HEALTH BEHAVIORS WOMEN S HEALTH USA 13 Adequate Physical Activity* Among Women Aged 18 and Older, by Educational Attainment and Activity Type, 09 11 Source II.1: Centers for Disease Control
National Adolescent Health Information Center N 2007 Fact A H I C Sheet on Substance : Adolescents & Young Adults Highlights: 4 After an increase in the early 1990s, adolescent substance use has decreased
Get the Facts Fall 2012 We can change attitudes and behavior. Percent of teens 16 and older who reported drinking and driving in the previous 30 days 1991 22.3% 2011 10.3% Center for Disease Control and
Community Health Division Center for Health Statistics Population Health Assessment Quarterly Volume 4, Issue 1 Summer 3 ADOLESCENT HEALTH AMONG MINNESOTA S RACIAL/ETHNIC GROUPS: PROGRESS AND DISPARITIES
Alcohol Abuse Among our Nation s Youth What to do as educators The devastating rate of drug and alcohol abuse by American youth is cause for alarm and its prevention and treatment remains one of our nation
Behavioral Health Barometer United States, 2014 Acknowledgments This report was prepared for the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) by RTI International under contract No.
TEEN MARIJUANA USE WORSENS DEPRESSION An Analysis of Recent Data Shows Self-Medicating Could Actually Make Things Worse Millions of American teens* report experiencing weeks of hopelessness and loss of
Guiding Principles for Promoting Adolescent Health Adolescence the transition from childhood to adulthood is one of the most dynamic stages of human development. It is a time of marked physical, emotional,
][ Strength ening our community through education and awaren ess ][ Report from the Mercyhurst College Civic Institute Vol.1 Issue 1 Summer 2009 Additional Reports Erie County Truancy Assessment Erie County
1 Does Disadvantage Start at Home? Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Early Childhood Home Routines, Safety, and Educational Practices/Resources Glenn Flores, MD Professor & Director, Center for the Advancement
Health Education Core ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS It is health that is real wealth, and not pieces of gold and silver. Gandhi Increased Focus Classroom Real Life Connection Student Reflection Student Assessment
FAQ FAQ: What are the substance abuse rates among immigrants? Reliable figures regarding substance abuse rates among recent immigrants are difficult to obtain. Since these rates are compiled using self-reported
Publication #2009-21 4301 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 350, Washington, DC 20008 Phone 202-572-6000 Fax 202-362-8420 www.childtrends.org CHILDREN S ACCESS TO HEALTH INSURANCE AND HEALTH STATUS IN WASHINGTON
REPORT TO THE MAINE OFFICE OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE (OSA) AND ETHOS MARKETING AND DESIGN BENCHMARK SURVEY OF MAINE PARENTS ALCOHOL USE ISSUES AND PROMOTIONAL CAMPAIGN EVALUATION Executive Summary STRATEGIC MARKETING
RESULTS FROM MENTORING EFFECTIVENESS RESEARCH Publication No. (ADP) 99-1563 For mentoring information, please call (800) 444-3066 (California Only) For additional copies of this publication, please call
Too Good for Drugs Curriculum Correlations Correlated with Oregon Health Education Standards High School, Revised Edition Lesson One: My Own Journey Demonstrate setting reachable goals (goals that are:
Comorbidity of mental disorders and physical conditions 2007 Comorbidity of mental disorders and physical conditions, 2007 Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Canberra Cat. no. PHE 155 The Australian
Workforce Development Online Workshop Descriptions Behavioral Health Service Delivery Workshops: The Effects of Violence Exposure on Children (1.5 hours) Regretfully, violence against children and youth
YOUTH DRUG SURVEY CHARLOTTE-MECKLENBURG PUBLIC SCHOOLS 2010 Paul C. Friday, Ph.D. Research & Training Specialists, Inc. Concord, NC June, 2011 Special appreciation is extended to Helen Harrill, John Basilice,
Morbidity and Mortality among Adolescents and Young Adults in the United States AstraZeneca Fact Sheet 2011 Authors Robert Wm. Blum MD, MPH, PhD William H. Gates, Sr. Professor and Chair Farah Qureshi,
www.cymru.gov.uk GUIDANCE ON THE CONSUMPTION OF ALCOHOL BY CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE From Dr Tony Jewell Chief Medical Officer for Wales GUIDANCE ON THE CONSUMPTION OF ALCOHOL BY CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE
Durham County Community Health Assessment This document presents key findings from the 2011 Durham County Community Health Assessment. The goal of the assessment was to provide a compilation of valid and
Running head: SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS AND HEALTHY BEHAVIORS The relationship between socioeconomic status and healthy behaviors: A mediational analysis Jenn Risch Ashley Papoy Hanover College Prior research
factsheet Links Between Cigarette Smoking and Other Substance Use, Violence, and School Problems Students who engage in one form of risk-taking behavior generally engage in other types of as well. An analysis
Eating Disorders Eating disorders are serious conditions that can have life threatening effects on youth. A person with an eating disorder tends to have extreme emotions toward food and behaviors surrounding
If you live in Lubbock A Statistical Review A report given to the Board of Health, City of Lubbock, March 2011 Brian D. Carr, Ph.D., Board Member *denotes areas of possible intervention Population Total
Violence 2014-2015 Chapter 11: Violence 279 2014-2015 Health of Boston Violence Violence is the use of physical force with the intention of causing death, disability, injury, or harm (1). Low income communities,
Important facts to remember If you re pregnant or trying to get pregnant, or if you know someone who is, there are several important points to remember: See a healthcare professional regularly. Get plenty
Southern Grampians & Glenelg Shires COMMUNITY PROFILE Contents: 1. Health Status 2. Health Behaviours 3. Public Health Issues 4. References This information was last updated on 14 February 2007 1. Health
Health Disparities in New Orleans New Orleans is a city facing significant health challenges. New Orleans' health-related challenges include a high rate of obesity, a high rate of people without health
UTAH Adolescent Behavioral Health In Brief A Short Report from the Office of Applied Studies Adolescence (12 to 17 years) is a critical and vulnerable stage of human development, during which males and
Healthy People 2020 Alaska Hawaii American Samoa U.S. Virgin Islands Federated States of Micronesia Republic of Marshall Islands Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico Palau Guam www.healthypeople.gov
Healthy People 2020 Alaska Hawaii American Samoa U.S. Virgin Islands Federated States of Micronesia Republic of Marshall Islands Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico Palau Guam www.healthypeople.gov
Mental Health: What Do Parents Think? Joanna Locke, MD, MPH and Michele Eichorn, ACSW, The Jed Foundation Mental health problems are a leading impediment to academic success among college students and,
OCTOBER 2014 Publication #2014-53 School Policies, School Connection, and Adolescents : WHAT PREDICTS YOUNG ADULT SUBSTANCE USE? Vanessa H. Sacks, MPP Child Trends Kristin A. Moore, PhD Child Trends Mary
MICHIGAN Adolescent Behavioral Health In Brief A Short Report from the Office of Applied Studies Adolescence (12 to 17 years) is a critical and vulnerable stage of human development, during which males
State Health Assessment Health Priority Status Report Update June 29, 2015 Presented by UIC SPH and IDPH 1 Health Priority Presentation Objectives 1. Explain context of how this discussion fits into our
Ladies by Design Junior Debutante Course COORDINATOR CERTIFICATION Touching Tomorrow s Women Today Module 2: All About Girls: Statistics and Facts African American girls and teens statistics National Girls
How Does Affect the World of a Child? Because we are constantly updating our web pages to incorporate the most recent statistics, there may be some differences between the statistics in our published documents
Teenage Alcohol and Drug Abuse Jesse Bales Theo Edwards Kyle Kiesel Adam Stahl Types of Alcohol Gin: a colorless alcoholic beverage made by distilling or redistilling rye or other grains. Vodka: originally
Statistics on Abstinence 54% of high school students are virgins. (1) 58% on teens surveyed recently said sexual activity for high school-age teens is not acceptable, even if precautions are taken against
HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE METROWEST ADOLESCENT HEALTH SURVEY NEEDHAM HIGH SCHOOL REPORT Funded by MetroWest Community Health Care Foundation Submitted by Education Development Center, Inc. Health & Human Development
Individualized Education Plans Updated: Children with special needs living in high-poverty neighborhoods are less likely to receive special services through an Individualized Education Plan (IEP). Importance
A Study of Adolescent Nutrition Amanda J. Degner and Samantha L. Klockow Abstract This descriptive study involved 60 adolescent participants (30 males and 30 females) ranging in age from 14 to 18 years
][ Strengthening our community through increased awareness and accountability ][ Vol.5 Issue 1 Spring 2013 Inside the Report Frequency of Use Age of First Use Attitudes About Alcohol Use Drinking Under
Alcohol Alcohol is one of the most commonly used substances during adolescence. Though underage drinking is against the law, alcohol may be easily accessible to many teens. Binge drinking (defined by the
Preventing Teen Dating Violence & Promoting Healthy Relationships A Web Page of the Connecticut State Department of Education OBJECTIVES 1. Identify legislation that addresses teen dating violence 2. Define
Now that marijuana is legal in Washington... A parent s guide to preventing underage marijuana use How does Marijuana Use Effect Adolescent Health? Three reasons why YOU should care: 1. Marijuana is addictive.
Underage Drinking Underage drinking is a serious public health problem in the United States. Alcohol is the most widely used substance of abuse among America s youth, and drinking by young people poses
Risk factors and strategies for preventing alcohol abuse among young adults with a family history of substance abuse Literature review prepared for Polk County Public Health The issue and its scope Nationally,
DATA REVIEW Poll: what do you think are the top 3 health-related issues in Kane County? 30% 26% 25% 22% 20% 17% 15% 12% 11% 10% 5% 4% 3% 2% 2% 1% 0% Mental Health Chronic Disease (Obesity, Diabetes, etc.)
What s Your Parenting Style? No one has all the answers when it comes to raising safe and healthy teens who are prepared to succeed in the world. But research does show that certain approaches to parenting
Cultural Competency -Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs on HBCU College Campuses Presented by Alyssa C. Ryan, 2011 graduate of the University of the Virgin Islands Former Student Peer Educator and 2011-2013
Journal of Rural Community Psychology Vol E12 No 2 Assessing the Perceptions and Usage of Substance Abuse among Teenagers in a Rural Setting Regina Fults McMurtery Jackson State University Department of
IDAHO CONTENT STANDARDS HEALTH EDUCATION Kindergarten to Grade 2 Standard 1: Comprehend Core Concepts Core Concepts of Health Education for K-Grade 2 are defined below: Alcohol, Tobacco & Other Drugs The
Factual Information Contained in this Report: Health Perceptions Health Insurance Coverage Health Care Access Preventive Health Care Maternal and Child Health Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug Use PURPOSE
America s Health Starts With Healthy Children: How Do States Compare? October 2008 Executive Summary Page 2 Introduction Page 5 A National Overview Page 13 How Do States Compare? Page 18 A State Snapshot:
RESEARCH: EARLY LITERACY What the Research Says About Early Literacy Children who live in print-rich environments and who are read to during the first years of life are much more likely to learn to read
As the Nation s principal health statistics agency, the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) compiles statistical information to guide actions and policies to improve the health of the population.
C o n s u m e r Q & A 1 California Society of Addiction Medicine (CSAM) Consumer Q&As Q: Is addiction a disease? A: Addiction is a chronic disorder, like heart disease or diabetes. A chronic disorder is
Behavioral Health Barometer United States, 2013 Acknowledgments This report was prepared for the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) by RTI International under contract No.
Statistics on Drug Abuse in Nebraska Youth and ECDHD Youth Alcohol and tobacco and marijuana remain the drugs of choice of Nebraska s high school students. Since 2003 the percentage of Nebraska s students
Take Care New York 2016: An Agenda for Healthier New York City Presentation to the Health Committee of Community Board 6 Camellia Mortezazadeh, MPH, Executive Director, Take Care New York and Ewel Napier,
Behavioral Health Barometer United States, 2014 Acknowledgments This report was prepared for the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) by RTI International under contract No.
Father Matters Charles A. Smith, Ph.D. Professor, School of Family Studies and Human Services Kansas State University firstname.lastname@example.org This document summarizes the most recent data about the significance
RESEARCH BRIEF Publication #7-18 431 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 35, Washington, DC 8 Phone 2-572-6 Fax 2-362-5533 www.childtrends.org Men s Pregnancy Intentions and Prenatal Behaviors: What They Mean
Summary of Results from the 2011-2012 Cambridge Teen Health Survey (Grades 9-12) Submitted to: The Cambridge Prevention Coalition The Cambridge Public Schools, and The Cambridge Public Health Department
10 Colorado s winnable battles Flagship Priority: Mental Health and Substance Abuse ELEVATING HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT Mental and emotional well-being is essential to shaping a state of health for Coloradans.
MICHIGAN STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION POLICY ON COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOL HEALTH EDUCATION The Michigan State Board of Education promotes school success through coordinated school health programs. 1 Schools cannot
Wellness is defined as an active process of becoming aware of and making choices towards a more successful existence. 1 Because living a successful existence means something different to each individual,
Name of Program/Strategy: Brief Alcohol Screening and Intervention for College Students (BASICS) Report Contents 1. Overview and description 2. Implementation considerations (if available) 3. Descriptive
Co Occurring Disorders and the on Children: Effectively Working with Families Affected by Substance Abuse and Mental Illness Definition (Co-Occurring also called Dual Dx) A professional diagnosis of addictive/substance
Drug Abuse Prevention Training FTS 2011 Principles of Prevention Prevention programs should enhance protective factors and reverse or reduce risk factors (Hawkins et al. 2002). The risk of becoming a drug
INSTITUTE OF BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO at BOULDER Personal and Social Development at CU Spring 2003 Questionnaire Guide Richard Jessor, Frances M. Costa, and Mark S. Turbin This guide provides
The Irish Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) Study 214 The Irish Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) Study 214 December 215 Aoife Gavin, Eimear Keane, Mary Callaghan, Michal Molcho,
Attitudes Toward Spanking Updated: In 2014, according to a nationally representative survey, 76 percent of men, and 65 percent of women, 18 to 65 years old, agreed that a child sometimes needs a good hard
8 th Grade Health Syllabus 2011-2012 Miss Kerins Classroom phone: (406) 324-1044 Home phone: (406) 578-1427 E-mail: email@example.com Course Description: Real-life application of health skills to