Cyber Security and You

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1 Cyber Security and You Who s Phishing in Your Backyard? Wednesday, April 27, 2011 Andrea C. Hoy, CISSP, CISM, MBA 84 Virtual CISO and Founder A.Hoy and Associates

2 The New WarDrive: SCADA Wardriving the SmartGrid, Practical approaches to Attacking Utility Radio packets Black Hat - July 2010 CyberSecurity Vulnerability: Consumer awareness up till the last 3 months extremely limited Only 12% of all consumers aware of SmartGrid implementation efforts in July/August 2009 Only 16% of all consumers aware of SmartGrid implementation efforts in April/May 2010 Threats: National Critical Infrastructure, energy industry potential large scale SCADA service disruption/impact, stolen service, utility outages, service interruptions, massive blackout

3 The New WarDrive: SCADA How To Combat It: If you are a consumer, Audit your bills for anomalies Validate significant changes in consumption Report service interruptions If you are a utility company or other industrial facility, Know your OS and key software used Check BugTraq for released malware Check ICS CERT (Industrial Control System Computer Emergency Response Team)

4 Over the River and through the Woods to Grandmother s Router we go! And More! Automated Router Exploit Tools CyberSecurity Vulnerability: At Grandma s - exploit tool works via DNS rebinding obtaining interactive access to router s Admin interface and does not use anti-dns pinning techniques At Banks, Telecommuters, Outsourced HR, travel, healthcare, services Different in that no knowledge necessary pre-attack Threats: Privacy breach, GLBA, HIPAA, PCI, SB 1386, AB 1298 Identity theft (NPI exposed) Data breach

5 Source: snopes.com Go Phish Sample #1

6 Source: JPMorgan Chase Go Phish Sample #2, et al

7 Go Phish Phishing is an attempt to fraudulently steal information from someone over the internet, originally through . CyberSecurity Vulnerability: At home - all users and all accounts are potential vulnerabilities At the office all employees, contractors, consultants, third parties that can access both Company and personal Threats: Identity theft Loss of Non Public Information (NPI) Loss of Goodwill from clients/consumers that think it WAS from your Company

8 Go Phish What Can You Do to Protect Yourself & Your Company: Learn how to recognize a phishing attempt Do you really have an account with Chase bank? Or PayPal? Or E*Trade? ebay? HotMail? Take a free or distribute to your employees a Phishing IQ test Are their typos or misspellings? Is the English sentence structure off Commas versus Periods? Identify the link before clicking / Do a scroll over Is the linked page secure? https or http? Let s get personal SATE (Security Awareness and Training Education) Tool: MailFrontier Phishing IQ Test

9 Pharming (pronounced Farming) Scam technique started in popularity 2005 Used to harvest thousands of users User is redirected to a forged website with malicious intent User generally does not know he is been redirected User enters his/her userid and password or other key data DNS Poisoning Threats: Same as Phishing + +, Banker Trojan How To Spot: Watch your URLs CAREFULLY Look for redirects Tools: Browser tools that display actual physical location of a URL host Multifactor authentication (i.e. soft/hard tokens) Provide Last LogIn date and time info

10 How to Protect Your Backyard Limit Privileged Accounts at the Office Limit Administrator at Home. Surf as a Standard User, including your college age kids and spouse! Teach how to check for fraudulent sites Don t open suspicious mail from people you don t know AND Don t open Unexpected s from people you know

11 How to Protect Your Backyard Use a browser tool which checks/validates websites At the Office, demo whitelisting tools or do blacklisting Inappropriate or illegal content, pornography, IP addresses of regions where you have no business pursuits Remind remote users to always Sign Out or LogOff, Clear Browser History and Cookies (if at an internet café) AND then close the Browser Teach users how to report & change their password if they think they were compromised Implement multifactor authentication (MFA) Share information with trusted sources

12 SMiShing 2011 Growing phishing method of choice Phishing + SMS (aka text messages) My iphone, Droid, Blackberry, etc.. How it Works: Text gone wild Urgent! This is LOL Bank. Your account is overdrawn. Please contact us immediately. Our toll free number is (888)

13 SMiShing Why it Works: Easier to Social Engineer a victim to the hacker than programming a hack back Enticement Old Trojan Horse Help me! Or The Urgency factor When it Works? Do people still fall for phishing attacks? YES YES YES How to Fix It: Educate the user community, due care, Check, Call your local bank branch

14 iphone Location audit trail no request to retain Forensics iphone Does. Droid and Windows Don t! Google Won t Respond yet I have a hack oops an app for that Pro: No Adobe Flash

15 CyberBullying When a child, preteen or teen is tormented, harassed, humiliated, embarrassed or otherwise targeted by another child, preteen or teen using the Internet, interactive and digital technologies or mobile phones If one is over 18, Cyber-harassment or CyberStalking Words and Video on the internet go viral easily Difficult to prosecute Hands are tied at educational institutions Educators: try to modify acceptable use policy to include the right to discipline a student for off-campus actions which has the intent of or does adversely affect the safety and well being of another student in school Contractual versus Constitutional issue Source:

16 Social Media At Home: Be careful who you friend Know who you are chatting or Twittering with Once you post it, you can t take it back (ask the UCLA student who commented on Asians in the library) A picture says a thousand words.not always what you intended At the Office: Create a social media policy NOW!!! Source:

17 CyberSecurity Tools & Resources (only a small sample) PhishTank (www.phishtank.com) See latest Phishing Stats, Verify a Phish, developer tools for keeping phishers away from your company apps, targets (names of companies or brands being impersonated) Snopes Fraud & Scam (www.snopes.com/fraud/fraud.asp) Validate Phishing, scams, Employment scams, ID theft, IRS scams, Auto, etc. ICS CERT (www.us-cert.gov/control_systems/ics-cert/) ICS-CERT Watch Floor: ICS related cyber activity: General cyber activity: Phone:

18 CyberSecurity Tools & Resources (only a small sample) Home Mobile Security Beta (Android Market Norton Mobile Security Beta) (us.norton.com/mobile-security/) Works on Android 2.x or later, requires 1.8mb Loss/Theft of Your Private Information Cybercriminals Annoying Unwanted Calls and Text Messages Mobile Threats Poison pill enabled Lookout (Android Market) Stops malware and Spyware Backups Remote locate & Scream Office McAfee Enterprise Mobility Management (http://www.mcafee.com/us/products/enterprise-mobilitymanagement.aspx) Works on Apple iphone/itouch/ipad Works on MS Windows Mobile devices Basic support for platforms for Google, Android, Symbian, and HP webos smartphones and tablets. Allows for VPN, policy review, employee vs company owned wipes Blacklist specific apps

19 CyberSecurity Tools & Resources (only a small sample) MalWare (http://www.malwarebytes.org/) protects computers by completely removing all forms of malware, including viruses, Trojans, spyware, adware and rootkits SANS (www.sans.org) Sample policies, briefings on various aspects of Infosec, training, tools The White House Blog on Cyberspace Posted and updated by Howard A. Schmidt National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace

20 CyberSecurity Tools & Resources (only a small sample) Books & Publications 2010 Data Breach Investigations Report (http://www.verizonbusiness.com/resources/reports/rp _2010-data-breach-report_en_xg.pdf) Conducted by Verizon RISK team in cooperation with the US Secret Service (66 pages) Hacking Exposed Spies Among Us, by Ira Winkler

21 Contact Info Andrea C. Hoy, CISSP, CISM, MBA ahoyissa (at) issa.org Or Ahoy (at) sense1security.com

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