1 The Edge Helping fish and wildlife on your lakeshore property
2 2 Shoreline habitat Shoreline habitat T he water s edge is a busy place. Northern pike, bluegills, bass, and other fish spawn in the shallow water along the shore. Loons, ducks, geese, and other water birds nest along the banks. Wildlife such as frogs, otters, and mink live there, too. Shoreline areas on land and into the shallow water pro vide essential habitat for fish and wildlife that live in or near Minnesota s lakes and streams. Overdeveloped shorelines can t support the fish, wildlife, and clean water that are so appealing to the people attracted to the water s edge. Unfortunately, that s exactly what s happening to many Minnesota lakes. The problem is poorly planned lakeshore development. Bit by bit, the cumulative effects of tens of thousands of lakeshore homeowners fixing up their property are destroy ing the state s valuable lakeshores. Some examples: Sand trucked in for swimming beaches covers underwater gravel or silt used by: fish for spawning mayflies for burrows frogs for laying eggs. Aquatic vegetation removed to create swimming and boating areas eliminates shorelinestabilizing plants that are also habitat for: bass and other fish that hide among the plants and spawn in areas protected from waves loons that nest on floating vegetation waterfowl that feed on underwater plants insects that live among underwater vegetation. Shoreline shrubs and unsightly fallen trees are removed to create golf course-type lawns, thus eliminating habitat for wildlife such as: songbirds that use these shrubs for nesting ducks that lay eggs in native shoreline grasses turtles that sun on fallen logs bass and panfish that hide in the shade under toppled trees. I believe that one of the primary reasons that fishing has declined on many lakes is because of alterations to lakeshore habitat by shoreline property owners. Jack Skrypek DNR Fisheries chief, retired In-Fisherman Bill Marchel In-Fisherman
3 Clean lawns can make dirty lakes 3 T raditional lakeshore landscaping methods strive for the clean look of a golf course or a Hawaiian beach. Yet, besides eliminating fish and wildlife habitat, this type of landscap ing also creates problems for homeowners such as: Green water: A mowed lawn sends rain runoff carrying fertilizers, pet waste, and lawn clippings to the water, where they fuel algae blooms that make swimming less enjoyable. More erosion: Water plants such as bulrushes, cattails, and coontail soften the erosive effects of waves along shores. Removing these plants increases erosion. Nuisance wildlife problems: Traditional lawns attract geese, which are grazers. In one week, an adult goose can produce 15 pounds of slippery, smelly droppings. The combined effect of shoreline alterations by many property owners on a lake destroys habitat and causes declines in fish and wildlife populations. It s ironic that many lakeshore property owners buy their lots because they enjoy nature and then unknowingly harm habitat by altering the natural landscape. Most species of fish and wildlife don t thrive along sandy swimming beaches or on mowed lawns. They do best within the tangles of aquatic weeds and shoreline brush that lakeshore owners frequently remove. Lake landscaping that s unfriendly to fish and wildlife Sorry, songbirds All natural vegetation along the water s edge has been eliminated and with it has gone the shrubs and grasses needed by birds, butterflies, and other wildlife. Rocky future Rain that would seep into the soil flows more quickly off rocks and lawns straight into the lake. The runoff carries pet waste, fertilizer, and other lake pollutants. Chris Frieburger Good for swimmers, bad for anglers With all the aquatic vegetation gone, fish have no place to live. Waves will stir up sediment and destroy spawning areas.
4 4 The value of shoreline habitat What can you do? A growing number of lakeshore owners are switching from traditional mowed lawns to native grasses and wildflowers. In addition to helping wildlife, native plants require little to no maintenance. That frees up more of your time to go fishing, watch wildlife, and otherwise enjoy being at the lake. S horeline habitat consists of many natural elements woven into the lake ecosystem to form a web of life. Native vegetation, bottom materials, and natural debris play essential roles in the life cycles of a lake s fish and wildlife. Shoreline alterations that damage or destroy these habitat components sever essential strands in the web. As a result, the lake ecosystem is weakened, wildlife moves elsewhere, and fish numbers decline. Lightly developed shoreline = lots of fish and wildlife Overdeveloped shoreline = few fish and wildlife Amy B. Beyer
5 5 Buffer strip Buffer strip L akeshore vegetation provides habitat for many wildlife species. Waterfowl nest in shoreline grasses, while songbirds build their nests in trees and shrubs. Natural shorelines are wildlife highways, or travel corridors, for animals such as mink. Grasshoppers, ants, and other insects that live in shoreline vegetation are blown into the lake, where they are eaten by bluegills and other fish. A tidy lawn and a sandy beach make great spots for sunbathing and swimming, but they provide little habitat for fish and wildlife. By leaving a buffer strip of natural vegetation along the shoreline, property owners can reduce erosion, help maintain water quality, and provide habitat and travel corridors for wildlife. The width of the buffer strip depends upon the terrain. On a gentle slope, at least a 30-foot strip of natural vegetation between the beach and your lawn will accommo date the needs of shoreline wildlife. On steeper grades, leaving even more natural vegetation in place will stabilize soils and reduce the need for retaining walls or other erosion prevention. Trees and shrubs in the buffer strip can muffle noise from watercraft while providing nesting areas for songbirds. Avoid using pesticides or fertilizers in the buffer strip, because harmful chemicals can leach into the lake. Be sides, insects living in shoreline vegetation are important foods for fish, birds, and other wildlife. Have your lawn and wildlife, too. You don t need to give up a green lawn and sandy beach to create a natural, wildlife-friendly lakeshore. If you have 100 feet of shoreline, consider reverting 75 feet back to its natural condition and keeping 25 feet for a boat dock and swimming area. Same with your lawn. If you restore the last 30 feet or so down to the lake to natural grasses and shrubs, you can still keep plenty of lawn up near the house or cabin while helping ducks, songbirds, butterflies, and other wildlife. Along your shoreline, try to maintain at least a 30-foot-wide buffer of native grasses, broad-leaf plants, shrubs, and trees. Native plants especially good for wildlife are sugar maples, bur oaks, cranberries, dogwoods, native grasses, and wildflowers. Beneficial aquatic plants include bulrushes, wild rice, arrowhead, cattails, and bur reeds. Kathleen Preece
6 6 Woody debris Woody debris What can you do? Consider leaving fallen trees in the water to provide habitat for fish and wildlife. B ecause most Minnesota lakes are surrounded by trees and shrubs, storms and winds often blow dead or dying branches, limbs, and trees into the water. This woody debris is important to lake ecosystems. Beneath the water s surface, woody debris is habitat for tiny aquatic organisms that feed bluegills and other fish. Water insects such as mayflies graze on the algae that grows on decomposing wood. Dragonfly nymphs hunt for prey among the stems and branches. Largemouth bass find food and shelter among fallen trees. Above water, a fallen tree is like a dock for wildlife. Ducks and turtles loaf and sun themselves on the trunk. Muskrats use the tree as a feeding platform. Predators such as mink and otter hunt for prey in the vicinity of the tree. Dead trees that remain along the shoreline are used as perches by belted kingfishers, ospreys, and songbirds. Many lakeshore owners consider this woody debris unsightly and remove it from their shoreline. Yet this takes away hiding and feeding areas for many fish and wildlife species. Unless the fallen tree is a hazard to navigation or swimming, consider leaving it in the water to improve fish and wildlife habitat, fishing, and wildlife observation. Waterfowl, turtles, and other wildlife use fallen trees as loafing sites. Bill Marchel
7 7 Bottom materials Bottom materials L ocal geography and geology determine what natural materials exist on lake bottoms and shorelines. Hard lake bottoms and beaches made up of sand or gravel are usually in open areas exposed to waves. Soft bot toms composed of muck are usually in shallow, sheltered bays. Areas with lots of rocks and boulders were left by receding glaciers 10,000 years ago. Bottom material, called substrate, is used by fish and other aquatic life. Walleyes spawn on the clean gravel of wave-swept shorelines. Mucky bottoms support insects and other invertebrates that provide food for fish and wildlife. Crayfish, smallmouth bass, and other species hide and forage among rocks. Pure sand is the least ecologically productive lake bottom substrate. Yet lakeshore dwellers frequently buy property and then alter the shore and lake bottom by dumping sand to improve a swimming area. Creating sand beaches on soft bottoms is expensive, and covering rock-rubble bottoms with sand destroys fish spawning areas. Before creating a large beach, lakeshore owners should know that their shoreline alteration will take away fish and wildlife habitat from the entire lake ecosystem and may require permits from the city, county, or DNR. What can you do? Reduce the size of your sandy beach to allow for more natural shoreland and underwater vegetation. If buying property, look for shoreline and lake bottom that match your desires. Don t expect to change it into something it isn t. Rock and gravel bottoms are important spawning areas for game fish such as walleyes and forage species such as suckers, darters, and some minnows. In-Fisherman
8 8 Aquatic vegetation Aquatic vegetation O ften dismissed as weeds by many lakeshore property owners, aquatic plants provide essential fish and wildlife habitat and help keep lakes clean and healthy. Through photosynthesis, aquatic vegetation produces oxygen for the lake. These plants also filter nutrients that can fuel midsummer algae blooms. And they provide food, shelter, and nesting areas for fish, invertebrates, and wildlife. Removing aquatic vegetation to improve boating or swimming eliminates fish habitat and damages the root network that holds bottom sediments in place. For example, bulrushes keep silt carried by waves from covering bottom gravel used by bass and panfish for spawning. When bulrush beds are removed, waves also begin to eat away at banks. Wave action and boat wakes also stir up sediment, causing the lake water to become murky. If sunlight cannot penetrate the cloudy water, many healthy and vibrant lakes can eventually turn into a green soup, devoid of most desirable fish and wildlife species. What can you do? Call the DNR before removing aquatic plants. Consider re-establishing aquatic plants along the lakeshore. To learn how, call the DNR for advice. Biologists refer to aquatic plants as emergent, submergent, and floating-leaf vegetation. Emergent vegetation protrudes above the water s surface; submergent vegetation stays underwater; and floating-leaf plants rest on the water surface. Floating-leaf Plants Algae Emergent Plants Submergent Plants Shoreline vegetation provides many species, such as this mosquito eating dragonfly, with a place to live. John Weber, Jr.
9 9 Wetlands W etlands help keep lakes clean by filtering sediments and excess nutrients. Acting like natural sponges, wetlands slow down water. This function reduces flooding, stabi lizes lake levels, and provides recharge for groundwater. Shoreline wetlands are habitat for a diverse community of plants and animals such as northern pike, which spawn among aquatic vegetation. Nutrient-rich sediments and soils in wetlands support insects, frogs, and other small animals eaten by fish and wildlife. Wetland vegetation provides food and cover for waterfowl, muskrats, and other wildlife. Marshes, bogs, bulrush beds, and other shoreline wetlands have been disrupted by lakeshore property owners to create boat docks and swimming beaches. The loss of a lake s wetland areas leads to worse water quality, lower game fish populations, and higher water levels. What can you do? Don t fill or alter lakeshore wetlands, even if they only are wet in the spring. Consider restoring drained or filled wetlands. Bill Marchel Healthy wetlands attract nesting and migrating waterfowl.
10 10 I We re all responsible We re all responsible t s up to everyone who values lakes to keep them healthy and productive. Many lakeshore owners wonder what difference alterations to their one lake lot could possibly make. But when the actions of dozens or hundreds of individual property owners are added up, the sum effect can alter the water quality on that lake. The cumulative harm from shoreline alterations by many lakeshore property owners affects swimming, fishing, wildlife watching, and the overall health of the lake. It s like walking in a garden. If a neighbor kid came though once, that would be no big deal. But if the whole neighborhood came through, your garden would be trampled. The cumulative harm from shoreline alterations affects the overall health of Minnesota Lakes. Dick Stoltman A lake is a basin that collects water from the surrounding landscape, which is called the watershed. A healthy lake depends on a healthy watershed. Logging, farming, livestock grazing, and urban development occurring in a watershed can affect a lake s water quality. Some lake associations map the lake s watershed to inventory and evaluate activities taking place there. When activities that degrade water quality are discovered, people living in the watershed work together to find a solution. Protecting watersheds A Lake s Watershed Lake Pollutants and eroding soil within the entire watershed can easily end up in the lake. Poor land use even several miles away can end up harming fish and wildlife habitat in a lake.
11 Prescription for a healthy lake 11 A healthy lake is a functioning ecosystem. The water is safe for swimming and fishing. The aquatic habitat supplies food, cover, and spawning areas for fish. Natural shoreline vegetation supports songbirds, small mammals, and other wildlife. Throughout this lake s watershed, land management activities are planned to do as little harm as possible to water quality. A healthy lake doesn t just happen. It comes about when shoreline property owners and others living in the watershed take steps to ensure the lake s ecological health. Only if more lakeshore owners manage their shoreline in a natural condition can fish and wildlife populations on Minnesota lakes stay healthy and abundant. Bill Marchel More things to know: Several state and county laws and rules protect shoreline and shallow water areas. For example, it is illegal to remove aquatic plants from an undeveloped shoreline. To learn which shoreline alterations are prohibited or require a permit, call your local DNR office. Good fishing doesn t just happen. It s the result of clean water and abundant spawning habitat found in lakes that still have plenty of natural shoreline. John Gregor, Coldsnap Photography
12 12 T For more information he DNR can help you restore natural aquatic and shoreline wildlife habitat on your lake front property. Give us a call (number below) and we ll show you and your neighbors how to develop management strategies that improve fish and wildlife habitat and keep your lake s water clean. You can also get the DNR s free brochure, Aquatic Plant Management, which explains laws governing the removal of water vegetation and the benefits of various water plants. For a copy, call the DNR Division of Ecological Resources at DNR Information Center 500 Lafayette Road St. Paul, MN Phone: Toll Free: MINNDNR ( ) Telecommunication Device for the Deaf/TTY: Toll Free TTY: Internet: mndnr.gov This document can be made available in alternative formats by calling voice: or TTY: , State of Minnesota, Department of Natural Resources, Division of Fisheries. Equal opportunity to participate in and benefit from programs of the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources is available to all individuals regardless of race, color, creed, religion, national origin, sex, marital status, public assistance status, age, sexual orientation, disability or activity on behalf of a local human rights commission. Discrimination inquiries should be sent to MN DNR, 500 Lafayette Road, St. Paul, MN ; or the Equal Opportunity Office, Department of the Interior, Washington, D.C Printed on recycled paper containing a minimum of 25 percent post-consumer fiber and soy-based ink. Cover art by Larry Tople. Used with permission.
THE EDGE Helping fish and wildlife on your waterfront property 2 Shoreline habitat Shoreline habitat T he water s edge is a busy place. Northern pike, bluegills, bass, and other fish spawn in the shallow
Backyard Buffers Protecting Habitat and Water Quality What is a buffer? A buffer (also called a riparian buffer area or zone) is the strip of natural vegetation along the bank of a stream, lake or other
Phosphorus Phosphorus Brochure Lake Whatcom Cooperative Management Reducing Phosphorus Website Washington State Department of Ecology www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/wq/nonpoint/phosphorus/phosphorusban.html Nutrients
Lakeshore Development The Importance of Shorelines Natural shorelines provide richly diverse habitat and are an integral part of a lake ecosystem. Abundant aquatic vegetation found there not only provides
ACTIVITY DESCRIPTION: Using the tools and equipment available, set up an outdoor living laboratory. Students will be encouraged to use all of their senses to explore and examine the composition of a wetland.
www.irishseedsavers.ie POND LIFE FACT SHEET Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans. A pond is a small body of fresh water shallow enough for sunlight
We All Live Near the Water The Shoreland Stewardship Series Protecting & Restoring Shorelands Number 2 In a sense, we are all waterfront landowners because we all live in a watershed even that storm drain
Activity: Students review a selection of career profiles and play a lively classroom game to find out more about marine and aquatic science professionals. Grade Level: 4-8 Subjects: Science, social studies
Algae Producer uses photosynthesis to produce energy from absorbed sunlight using chlorophyll Photo: WikiCommons http://www.larousse.fr/encyclopedie/media/algues/11000970 Many kinds of algae (see image)
Name: by Leslie Cargile What do the bogs in Ireland, the marshes in South Carolina, and the swamps of Louisiana have in common? If you said they re all wetlands, you d be right! are any land that is flooded
US Army Corps of Engineers For additional information contact your local U.S. Army Corps of Engineers office. 1998 Edition Recognizing Wetlands Pitcher plant The information presented here will help you
Protect Your Pond, Protect Your Health Your role in conserving the health of Cape Cod Ponds We are all responsible for keeping our ponds clean. The ponds on Cape Cod provide many benefits to those living
Ecosystems and Food Webs How do AIS affect our lakes? Background Information All things on the planet both living and nonliving interact. An Ecosystem is defined as the set of elements, living and nonliving,
3.1 Succession, Recovery, and Renewal in Natural Communities Here is a summary of what you will learn in this section: Ecosystems change in predictable ways known as succession. Ecosystems can establish
Wetland Vocabulary Organizer Vocabulary Word Definition Wetland Picture Species Nutrients Sediment Groundwater Habitat Vocabulary Word Wetland Wetland Vocabulary Organizer Key Definition is an area that,
BUCK LAKE WALLEYE MANAGEMENT Fisheries Management Update - Prairies Area July 2011 Background Buck Lake has native fish populations of Walleye, Lake Whitefish, Northern Pike, Yellow Perch, Burbot, White
Controlling Invasive Plants and Animals in our Community PROVIDED BY THE WILDLIFE COMMITTEE What makes a plant or animal invasive? When a plant or animal from another region of the world (usually Europe
Get to Know Your Watershed McMillan Creek Where is McMillan Creek? McMillan Creek is found in the northeastern portion of the City of Prince George, know as the Hart and Shady Valley. It is located entirely
COMPREHENSIVE PLAN SECTION B, ELEMENT 4 WATER RESOURCES April 20, 2010 EXHIBIT 1 ELEMENT 4 WATER RESOURCES TABLE OF CONTENTS 4.1 INTRODUCTION 4.2 GOALS AND POLICIES 4.2.A General Goals and Policies 1 4.2.B
Post-Wildfire Clean-Up and Response in Houston Toad Habitat Best Management Practices Purpose The purpose of this document is to provide guidance and recommendations for minimizing potential impacts to
Week 10 River Hydraulics Rehabilitating Urban Waterways (From http://hubpages.com/hub/river-bank-erosion-control-methods) See also the resources placed on Moodle. Water channels should be viewed as a resource
This information could save you money! Living on the Fox River A Riverfront Property Owners Guide This brochure was developed by Fox River Ecosystem Partnership in cooperation with the Kane-DuPage Soil
Food Web Crasher An introduction to food chains and food webs Activity Students create a physical food web and watch what happens when an aquatic nuisance species is introduced into the ecosystem. Grade
Estuary Values and Changes Activity 1 of Two To most people, an estuary (es-chew-airy) is a place where fresh water meets the sea. In its broader meaning, an estuary is that part of the mouth of a stream
Key Idea 2: Ecosystems Ecosystems An ecosystem is a living community of plants and animals sharing an environment with non-living elements such as climate and soil. An example of a small scale ecosystem
Lesson Plan Two - Ecosystems Summary Students discuss what living things need to survive. They identify the abiotic and biotic components of an ecosystem and describe the roles and interactions of producers
Woodlands Management Plan (Draft June 2011) I. Background A. Definition of Woodlands Areas vs. Landscaped Areas of Parkfairfax The woodlands are defined as those wooded areas of Parkfairfax which are left
Grade 7 Objective Students will be able to: Describe the carbon cycle in more detail: o Learn about the importance of carbon and the role it plays in photosynthesis and cellular respiration, Identify elements
Myre-Big Island State Park Management Plan Amendment Resource Management Timber Harvesting Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Division of Parks and Trails May 2013 For more information on this management
CHAPTER 11 GLOSSARY OF TERMS Active Channel The channel that contains the discharge Leopold where channel maintenance is most effective, sediment are actively transported and deposited, and that are capable
Farm Service Agency The Conservation Reserve Program: 45th Signup Results U.S Department of Agriculture Farm Service Agency Conservation and Environmental Program Division 1400 Independence Ave., SW, Room
Appendix G Mosquito Control Guidelines This appendix presents the guidance for designing and maintaining stormwater treatment measures to control mosquitoes from ACCWP s Vector Control Plan. Project sponsors
Fisheries and Oceans Canada Pêches et Océans Canada Fisheries and Oceans Canada-Saskatchewan District 2011 Post-Flood Shoreline Restoration and Stabilization Protocol 1.0 Introduction Valid until March
Appendix 1 Water Quality and Water Usage Surveys This appendix contains copies of the Water Quality Survey and the Lake Usage Survey that we used to complete the watershedbased community assessments. We
H2O Water Drop Patch WATER DROP PATCH HOW 2 OBSERVE: GROUNDWATER The WATER DROP PATCH Project inspires Girl Scouts to learn about water quality and to take action in their communities to protect and restore
Lesson 1 The Web of Life Objectives: 1. Understand the concept of an ecosystem. 2. Understand the interdependence of members of an ecosystem. Subjects: 1. Ecology 2. Language 3. Art MATERIALS: Copies of
Location of Aggregate Operations Ready Mix Plant Locations Aggregate Locations Cement Terminal Locations What Is Rehabilitation? Rehabilitation is the treatment of land from which aggregate has been excavated
These lakes are not generally beautiful but they are rich in game, in wild rice and other useful plants. Joseph Nicollet on August 7, 1838 in the Minnesota River Valley near the Hawk Creek and Yellow Medicine
10 Simple Shoreland Stewardship Practices HEALTHY WATERSHEDS MAKE HEALTHY LAKES AND HIGHER PROPERTY VALUES The quality of our lakes and streams is ultimately a reflection of how we take care of our land.
5.2.1 Recall the cell as the smallest unit of life and identify its major structures (including cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus, and vacuole). Taxonomy level: 1.1 and 1.2-A Remember Factual Knowledge
WONDERFUL, WATERFUL WETLANDS OBJECTIVES The student will do the following: 1. List characteristics of wetlands. SUBJECTS: Science, Language Arts TIME: 60 minutes 2. Describe the functions of a wetland.
Then and Now Using Aerial Photography to Measure Habitat Changes Method Subject Areas: environmental education, science, social studies Conceptual Framework Topic References: HIIIB, HIIIB1, HIIIB2, HIIIB3,
Soakage Trenches A better way to manage stormwater Thinking Globally and Acting Locally A partnership of the Scranton Sewer Authority, The Lackawanna River Corridor Association and the citizens of Scranton
NAME: Urban Ecology: Watersheds and Aquatic Ecology A BIOBUGS program Objective: To describe the health of the Muddy River in the Fens wetlands system of Boston by examining abiotic and biotic parameters.
Grade Levels Overview Observe a local pond or aquatic ecosystem, and study the wildlife that utilizes the pond/aquatic ecosystem for its habitat needs. Subject Areas Science, Language Arts & Art, Duration
Backyard Buffers that Work for People and Nature by Restoring Ecological Function What is a Wetland Buffer? A wetland buffer is a simple land management practice that is employed by municipalities to protect
SANTA BARBARA COUNTY COMPREHENSIVE PLAN LOMPOC AREA A. LAND USE ELEMENT INTERPRETIVE GUIDELINES B. COMMUNITY BENEFITS C. COUNTY ACTION ITEMS Adopted by the Board of Supervisors November 9, 1999 A. Santa
Broadmoor Public Golf Course TREE MANAGEMENT GUIDE Conservation of the trees at the Broadmoor Public Golf Course is a priority for environmental, economic and human health reasons. Trees make a difference
North arolina Testing Program EO iology Sample Items Goal 4 Use this diagram of a food web to answer questions 1 through 5. coyotes 3. If these organisms were arranged in a food pyramid, which organism
Macroinvertebrates What are macros? Macroinvertebrates are organisms that lack a spine and are large enough to be seen with the naked eye. Examples of macroinvertebrates include flatworms, crayfish, snails,
Michigan Department of Natural Resources 2007-28 Status of the Fishery Resource Report Page 1 Bodi Lake Luce County, T50N, R08W, S29 Little Two Hearted River Watershed, Last surveyed 2004 James R. Waybrant
A Developer s Guide: Watershed-Wise Development Environmental Protection What is a watershed? It does not matter how far away you build from a creek, lake, or the ocean, you are in a watershed. Another
How Does Land Use Affect Water Infiltration and Runoff? Student Activity Sheet Name Date Class The ways we use our land have changed a great deal over the last 500 years. Many of our forests, wetlands,
Chesapeake Bay Preservation Area (CBPA) in Virginia Beach, Virginia The Resource Protection Area (RPA) and Buffers The First 100 Feet How Large is the Chesapeake Bay Watershed? The Chesapeake Bay Watershed
Seagrasses What are seagrasses? Seagrasses are plants that grow underwater but they are not the same as seaweeds (algae). Some species of seagrass look very much like terrestrial (land) grass, with straplike
EFB 496.10/696.03 Wetland Restoration Techniques Online Class Syllabus SUNY-ESF College of Environmental Science and Forestry Summer Session II 2015 Wetland Restoration Techniques is a graduate and undergraduate
Matter and Energy in Ecosystems The interactions that take place among biotic and abiotic factors lead to transfers of energy and matter. Every species has a particular role, or niche, in an ecosystem.
Visual Inspection for Infiltration Practices Visual inspection is a rapid assessment procedure for qualitatively evaluating the functionality of a stormwater best management practice (BMP). Visual inspections
What is the Bay-Wise program? A program offered by University of Maryland Extension, and Maryland Master Gardeners To explain that what we do in our own yards can affect the health of our local waterways,
Shoreland Property a guide to environmentally sound ownership Many of us are drawn to lands that adjoin lakes and streams. For some reason people find some level of peace by the water. We unwind on the
Helping you protect our environment 1 UNIT SUMMARY: This unit of work focuses on creating frog friendly habitats and exploring the wonderful world of frogs. The suggested activity sequence incorporates
reflect Imagine for a moment that you stay after school one day to clean up the classroom. While cleaning, you move some plants away from the sunny windows. A week later, you remember to move the plants
Introduction Welcome to the learning module. This section provides information on the following topics: How dissolved oxygen is defined and measured in numbers Why dissolved oxygen is important Natural
FORESTS AND WILDLIFE Wildlife and forest management are not only compatible, but are interrelated. Developing an active forest resource management plan allows you to place a special emphasis on wildlife
Structural, Non-Structural and Hybrid Options for Shoreline Protection Dr. Mary Blickenderfer The natural shoreline big picture Protect bank from wave action Deep roots bind the soil Reduce run-off and
Mud in the Water Objective Students will learn about soil erosion and water pollution by building a demonstration model from pop bottles and observing the movement of pollutants from soil into water. Background
BIORETENTION FACILITIES, VEGETATED SWALES & HIGHER RATE BIOFILTERS Check here for Address or phone number change the fiscal year (July 1 June 30), and date(s) maintenance was performed. Under Inspection,
Hillsborough County Cooperative Extension Service 5339 County Rd 579 Seffner, Fl., 33584-3334 813-744-5519 Fax 813-744-5776 http://prohort.ifas.ufl.edu/ Determining Problems of Woody Ornamentals Over the
13. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION/ RESOURCE MANAGEMENT A. Existing Conditions Ramsey is fortunate to have an ample amount of natural resources and open space areas and a community attitude that is increasingly
Waterway Technote Waterway management solution finder This is a handy overview of common problems to avoid in waterways. Use the table below for ideas on how to address the issues and where to go for solutions.
ETS & PERFORMANCE FOOD ENVIRONMENT PEOPLE COMPANY Nutrient Stewardship Reducing the Loss of Crop Nutrients to Waterways Crop nutrients help plants grow and produce the food, fiber and fuel we all need.
Waterway Technote Drains Contents Benefits of good drain practice 1 Are your drains healthy? 2 The Sustainable Dairying Water Accord 3 Planning drain maintenance 3 Fencing and clearing 3 Bank shaping (battering)
Maintaining water sensitive urban design elements Maintaining water sensitive urban design elements Contents Page The introduction contains information about design, asset handover and inspection frequency.
Dawn Reis Ecological Studies www.ecologicalstudies.com Laguna Salada Sharp Park s Federal & State Protected San Francisco Garter Snake (Thamnophis sirtalis tetrataenia) and California Red-legged Frog (Rana
New State Storm Water Rules: WHAT MUNICIPALITIES NEED TO KNOW Total Suspended Solids: The Hows & Whys of Controlling Runoff Pollution Stormwater management by Wisconsin municipalities is under scrutiny.
Standards Oversight Council (SOC) Supporting Technical Standards for Urban and Rural Soil and Water Conservation 702 E. Johnson Street, Madison, Wisconsin 53703 (608) 441-2677 Fax (608) 441-2676 firstname.lastname@example.org
The Wonderful World of Wetlands BINGO Time: 10-15 minutes to create Bingo board; 5-10 minutes to play one-round of Bingo Scituate Reservoir Watershed Education Program 17 Smith Ave Greenville, RI 02828
Non-consumptive use of wildlife Non-consumptive Use Any non-hunting or non-extractive use Examples: wildlife feeding & photography, bird watching, whale watching Non-consumptive Use Sources of information
Life in the Bay Getting to know the Bay s plants and animals Over erview iew In this activity students will become acquainted with a plant or animal that lives in the San Francisco Bay. Students will research
4-H 365.29 OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION PROJECT IDEA STARTER Field to Faucet: What Determines Water Quality By Jacqueline Krieger, Extension Educator, 4-H Youth Development, and Greg LaBarge, MS, Field
Soil Erosion Science Grade 10-12 Classroom Individual reading DESCRIPTION Soil erosion is a major problem in Agriculture. Tonnes of soil are lost from fields every year. This not only reduces crop production,
Aitkin County Shoreland Homeowner s Guide to Lake Stewardship 2007 This Shoreland Homeowner s Guide to Lake Stewardship was produced as a joint project of the Aitkin County Environmental Services/Aitkin